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Wenkai Wang, Dongdong Lu, Mingning Zhu, Jennifer M Saunders, Amir H Milani, Steven P Armes, Brian R Saunders
Most hydrogels are prepared using small-molecule monomers but unfortunately this approach may not be feasible for certain biomaterial applications. Consequently, alternative gel construction strategies have been established, which include using covalent inter-linking of preformed gel particles, or microgels (MGs). For example, covalently interlinking pH-responsive MGs can produce hydrogels comprising doubly crosslinked microgels (DX MGs). We hypothesised that the deformability of such DX MGs was limited by the presence of intra-MG crosslinking...
April 19, 2018: Soft Matter
Vasiliki Koretsi, Theodore Eliades, Spyridon N Papageorgiou
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of intraoral appliances (IOA), maxillary expansion (ME), and maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) in the treatment of children and adults with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has not yet been adequately assessed. METHODS: An umbrella review was performed based on established guidelines for evidence-based medicine. Data synthesis was performed only from randomized controlled trials with Paule-Mandel random-effects meta-analyses / meta-regressions using mean differences (MDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and was followed by the qualitative evaluation of the meta-evidence...
March 23, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Bindu Ramachandran, John N Stabley, Su-Li Cheng, Abraham S Behrmann, Austin Gay, Li Li, Megan Mead, Julia Kozlitina, Andrew Lemoff, Hamid Mirzaei, Zhijian Chen, Dwight A Towler
In aortic vascular smooth muscle (VSM), the canonical Wnt receptor LRP6 inhibits protein arginine (Arg) methylation, a new component of noncanonical Wnt signaling that stimulates nuclear factor of activated T cells (viz., NFATc4). To better understand how methylation mediates these actions, mass spectrometry was performed on VSM cell extracts from control and LRP6-deficient mice. LRP6-dependent Arg methylation was regulated on > 500 proteins; only 21 exhibited increased monomethylation (MMA) with concomitant reductions in dimethylation...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Sukanya Mitra, Daniel Carlyle, Gopal Kodumudi, Vijay Kodumudi, Nalini Vadivelu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postoperative pain remains one of the most common challenges following inpatient and outpatient surgeries. With our advances in modern medicine, pain following surgical procedures still remains a challenge, though significant accomplishments have been made over the past few decades. This article highlights some of the promising new advances and approaches in postoperative pain management. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the last decade, Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) pathways and protocols are becoming the benchmark standards for enhancing postoperative recovery...
April 4, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Jing Ma, Xueqing Yang, Yan Nie, Baohe Wang
Taking the one-step oxidative esterification of methacrolein (MAL) to methyl methacrylate (MMA) as a model reaction and because H2O that was generated easily formed a film of water on the catalyst surface, which restricted the diffusion of the reactants to the active sites, the effects of the hydrophobic carrier styrene-divinylbenzene (SDB) copolymer, the reactant CH3OH and the product MMA during the adsorption of H2O on a Pd surface were investigated. For a Pd/SDB catalyst, the interactions between the active component and the carrier were first calculated using Pd4 clusters...
April 5, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Mu Lin Huang, Yong Zhi Cheng, Zheng Ze Cheng, Hao Ran Chen, Xue Song Mao, Rong Zhou Gong
We present a simple design for a broadband tunable terahertz (THz) metamaterial absorber (MMA) consisting of a complementary cross-oval-shaped graphene (CCOSG) structure and dielectric substrate placed on a continuous metal film. Both numerical simulation and theoretical calculation results indicate that the absorbance is greater than 80% from 1.2 to 1.8 THz, and the corresponding relative bandwidth is up to 40%. Simulated electric field and power loss density distributions reveal that the broadband absorption mainly originates from the excitation of continuous surface plasmon resonance (SPR) on the CCOSG...
March 31, 2018: Materials
Qingzhao Yu, Kaelen L Medeiros, Xiaocheng Wu, Roxanne E Jensen
Mediation analysis allows the examination of effects of a third variable (mediator/confounder) in the causal pathway between an exposure and an outcome. The general multiple mediation analysis method (MMA), proposed by Yu et al., improves traditional methods (e.g., estimation of natural and controlled direct effects) to enable consideration of multiple mediators/confounders simultaneously and the use of linear and nonlinear predictive models for estimating mediation/confounding effects. Previous studies find that compared with non-Hispanic cancer survivors, Hispanic survivors are more likely to endure anxiety and depression after cancer diagnoses...
April 2, 2018: Psychometrika
Peng Liu, Yu Zhao, Zeren Li, Xiudong Sun
This work demonstrates the grating formation of bulk nanoparticle polymer composites through an improved interference optical system under ultrafast nanoseconds exposure of a silver nanoprisms (NPs) dispersed photo-polymerizable mixture in the case of 532 nm wavelength. The polymerizable mixture is composed of phenathrenequinone (PQ) (photoinitiator) and methyl methacrylate (MMA) (monomer). The mechanism in this bulk nanoparticle polymer composite is analyzed by mixing nonlocal polymerization driven diffusion (NPDD) model and absorption modulation caused by the spatial concentration distribution difference of silver NPs...
March 19, 2018: Optics Express
Matthew Alan Limmer, Patrick Wise, Gretchen E Dykes, Angelia L Seyfferth
While root Si transporters play a role in the uptake of arsenite and organic As species dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) and monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) in rice ( Oryza sativa L.), the impact of Si addition on the accumulation of DMA and MMA in reproductive tissues has not been directly evaluated, particularly in isolation from inorganic As species. Furthermore, DMA and MMA are suspected causal agents of straighthead disorder. We performed a hydroponic study to disentangle the impact of Si on accumulation of DMA and MMA in rice grain...
April 9, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Irina Muljajew, Christine Weber, Ivo Nischang, Ulrich S Schubert
Depending on the degree of grafting (DG) and the side chain degree of polymerization (DP), graft copolymers may feature properties similar to statistical copolymers or to block copolymers. This issue is approached by studying aqueous solutions of PMMA- g -OEtOx graft copolymers comprising a hydrophobic poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) backbone and hydrophilic oligo(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) (OEtOx) side chains. The graft copolymers were synthesized via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) copolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and OEtOx-methacrylate macromonomers of varying DP...
March 30, 2018: Materials
L Lin, S J Zhang, W C Xu, R X Luo, D Ma, M Shen
OBJECTIVES: To establish an analysis method for the detection of 6 arsenic compounds [AsC, AsB, As(Ⅲ), DMA, MMA and As(V)] in blood and urine by high-performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS), and apply it to real cases. METHODS: Triton was used to damage cells, and then EDTA·2Na·2H2O was used to complex arsenic compounds in cells, and sonication and protein deposition by acetonitrile were performed for sample pretreatment...
February 2018: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
Peter Hendrik Kook, C E Reusch, M Hersberger
BACKGROUND: Prospective studies on maintenance treatment for Beagles with hereditary selective cobalamin (Cbl) malabsorption (Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome, IGS) are lacking. In our experience, measurement of methylmalonic acid (MMA), a Cbl-dependent metabolite, seems more helpful to monitor Cbl status as compared with serum Cbl concentrations. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a standardized Cbl supplementation scheme in Beagles with IGS. We hypothesized that a single parenteral dose of 1 mg hydroxocobalamin (OH-Cbl) would maintain clinical and metabolic remission for up to 2 months...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Lucas Schmidt, Julio Alberto Landero, Diogo La Rosa Novo, Fabio Andrei Duarte, Marcia Foster Mesko, Joseph A Caruso, Erico Marlon Moraes Flores
A method for arsenic speciation in shark, shrimp, squid, oyster and scallop using liquid chromatography coupled to inductively coupled plasma triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-ICP-MS/MS) was proposed. Suitable sensitivity and selectivity by LC-ICP-MS/MS were obtained using 10 mmol L-1 (NH4 )2 HPO4 diluted in 1% methanol (pH 8.65) as mobile phase. Recoveries from 90 to 104% for arsenobetaine (AsB), arsenite [As(III)], dimethylarsinic acid (DMA), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and arsenate [As(V)] were obtained for all samples...
July 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Hui Chen, Ghizlane Aarab, Jan de Lange, Paul van der Stelt, Frank Lobbezoo
PURPOSE: The effects of noncontinuous positive airway pressure (non-CPAP) therapies on the airflow in the upper airway in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients are not completely clear yet. Therefore, the primary aim of this systematic review was to determine the effects of various non-CPAP therapies on the aerodynamic characteristics of the upper airway in OSA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PICO (population or patient, intervention, comparison, outcome) search strategy, focusing on the effects of various non-CPAP therapies on the aerodynamic characteristics of the upper airway (ie, velocity, wall shear stress, wall static pressure, airway resistance, pressure drop, and pressure effort) of OSA patients, was conducted in the following databases: MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase (Excerpta Medica), and Web of Science...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Kai Nan, Man He, Beibei Chen, Yujie Chen, Bin Hu
A method based on ion-pair reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) hyphenated with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was developed for arsenic speciation in extract of tree moss. Under the optimal conditions, the limit of detection of eight arsenic species including arsenite (AsIII ), arsenate (AsV ), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), dimethylarsonic acid (DMA), trimethylarsinoxide (TMAO), tetramethylarsonium (Tetra), arsenocholine (AsC) and arsenobetaine (AsB) is between 0...
June 1, 2018: Talanta
Hairong Fu, Xiaoshan Li, Jiahua Tan
The main method for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is percutaneous coronary intervention; however percutaneous coronary intervention will induce ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury, resulting in the loss of cardiac function and cardiomyocyte death. An effective drug to target this condition is necessary. N-isopropylacrylamide and methacrylic acid were used to synthesize drug delivery nanoparticles (NP) containing the natural compound visnagin for IR injury treatment. It was demonstrated that NP containing fluorescein isothiocyanate localized to the site of myocardial IR, and that NP-visnagin treatment induced cardioprotection, reducing the size of the MI and ameliorating cardiac dysfunction through the induction of autophagy and the inhibition of apoptosis...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Sumona Chaudhury, Gloria K Mayondi, Paige L Williams, Jean Leidner, Roger Shapiro, Modiegi Diseko, Gbolahan Ajibola, Penny Holding, Vicki Tepper, Joseph Makhema, Chipo Petlo, George R Seage, Shahin Lockman, Betsy Kammerer
OBJECTIVE: Conflicting data exist regarding the impact of in utero exposure to maternal combination antiretrovirals. We compared neurodevelopmental outcomes between HIV-exposed/uninfected (HEU) children exposed in utero to 3-drug combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) versus zidovudine (ZDV) monotherapy. DESIGN: Prospective study of child neurodevelopment, nested within two cohorts of HIV-infected mothers and their children in Botswana (one observational, one interventional)...
March 15, 2018: AIDS
Jinbing Zhao, Hongyi Liu, Yuanjie Zou, Wenbin Zhang, Shengxue He
The present retrospective study was performed to evaluate the clinical outcome, as well as post-operative collateral formation and revascularization patterns in combined bypass. Surgical revascularization has been the mainstay of treatment for moyamoya patients. A total of 76 hemispheres from 64 moyamoya patients undergoing combined superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis and encephalo-duro-myo-synangiosis (EDMS) were retrospectively reviewed. Computed tomography perfusion and DSA were routinely performed...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Lu Hu, Wuchao Zhao, Jianghua He, Yuetao Zhang
This work reveals the silyl ketene acetal (SKA)/B(C₆F₅)₃ Lewis pair-catalyzed room-temperature group transfer polymerization (GTP) of polar acrylic monomers, including methyl linear methacrylate (MMA), and the biorenewable cyclic monomers γ-methyl-α-methylene-γ-butyrolactone (MMBL) and α-methylene-γ-butyrolactone (MBL) as well. The in situ NMR monitored reaction of SKA with B(C₆F₅)₃ indicated the formation of Frustrated Lewis Pairs (FLPs), although it is sluggish for MMA polymerization, such a FLP system exhibits highly activity and living GTP of MMBL and MBL...
March 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Nathan C Twaddle, Michelle Vanlandingham, Frederick A Beland, Daniel R Doerge
Arsenic is ubiquitous in the earth's crust, and human diseases are linked with exposures that are similar to dietary intake estimates. Metabolic methylation of inorganic arsenic facilitates excretion of pentavalent metabolites and decreases acute toxicity; however, tissue binding of trivalent arsenic intermediates is evidence for concomitant metabolic activation. Pregnant and fetal CD-1 mice comprise a key animal model for arsenic carcinogenesis since adult-only exposures have minimal effects. This study evaluated inorganic arsenic and its metabolites in pentavalent and trivalent states in blood and tissues from maternal and fetal CD-1 mice after repeated administration of arsenite through drinking water...
March 9, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
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