Read by QxMD icon Read


Jue Hu, Dan Kai, Hongye Ye, Lingling Tian, Xin Ding, Seeram Ramakrishna, Xian Jun Loh
Nerve tissue engineering (TE) requires biomimetic scaffolds providing essential chemical and topographical cues for nerve regeneration. Poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) is a biodegradable and elastic polymer that has gained great interest as a TE scaffolding biomaterial. However, uncured PGS is difficult to be electrospun into nanofibers. PGS would, therefore, require the addition of electrospinning agents. In this study, we modified PGS by using atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) to synthesize PGS-based copolymers with methyl methacrylate (MMA)...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Anna Mielańczyk, Justyna Odrobińska, Sebastian Grządka, Łukasz Mielańczyk, Dorota Neugebauer
The β-glucoside-based heterofunctional initiator was used in the synthesis of well-defined eight-armed miktopolymers by sequential ring opening polymerization (ROP) of ε-caprolactone (CL) and atom transfer radical (co)polymerization (ATRP) of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and/or tert-butyl methacrylate (tBMA). Consequently, methacrylic acid (MAA) repeating units were introduced via selective cleavage of pendant tert-butyl protecting groups. Both the amphiphilic copolymers and miktoarm copolymers were self-assembled at 37°C and pH 7...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Marty D Spranger, Jasdeep Kaur, Javier A Sala-Mercado, Abhinav C Krishnan, Rania Abu-Hamdah, Alberto Alvarez, Tiago M Machado, Robert A Augustyniak, Donal S O'Leary
Increases in myocardial oxygen consumption during exercise mainly occur via increases in coronary blood flow (CBF) as cardiac oxygen extraction is high even at rest. However, sympathetic coronary constrictor tone can limit increases in CBF. Increased sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) during exercise is, in part, a function of muscle metaboreflex activation (MMA). As SNA is heightened even at rest in subjects with hypertension (HTN), we tested whether HTN causes exaggerated coronary vasoconstriction during mild treadmill exercise with MMA (elicited by reducing hindlimb blood flow by ~60%) thereby limiting increases in CBF and ventricular performance...
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Natasha Kishore Pahuja, Rohit Shetty, Abhijit Sinha Roy, Maithil Mukesh Thakkar, Chaitra Jayadev, Rudy Mma Nuijts, Harsha Nagaraja
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of corneal laser ablation with Q factor modification for vision correction in patients with progressive keratoconus. METHODS: In this prospective study, 50 eyes of 50 patients were divided into two groups based on Q factor (>-1 in Group I and ≤-1 in Group II). All patients underwent a detailed ophthalmic examination including uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), subjective acceptance and corneal topography using the Pentacam...
October 21, 2016: Current Eye Research
Jinlu Yu, Yunbao Guo, Baofeng Xu, Kan Xu
The middle meningeal artery (MMA) is a very important artery in neurosurgery. Many diseases, including dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), pseudoaneurysm, true aneurysm, traumatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF), moyamoya disease (MMD), recurrent chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), migraine and meningioma, can involve the MMA. In these diseases, the lesions occur in either the MMA itself and treatment is necessary, or the MMA is used as the pathway to treat the lesions; therefore, the MMA is very important to the development and treatment of a variety of neurosurgical diseases...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Volkan Solmaz, Selçuk Yavuz, Ahmet İnanr, Dürdane Aksoy, Elmas Pektaş, Aslan Tekataş, Semiha Gulsum Kurt
INTRODUCTION: our aim was to determine if there are electro diagnostic (EDX) differences between carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), CTS+hypothyroidism (HT), CTS+fibromyalgia (FMS), CTS+rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and idiopathic CTS cases by comparing nerve conduction studies (NCS). METHOD: This research examined electrophysiological studies of untreated 47 HT+CTS, 47 DM+CTS, 49 RA+CTS, 52 FMS+CTS, 50 idiopathic CTS cases, and a healthy control group of 50 individuals (total of 293 patients and 433 hands with CTS)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Samara L Potter, Rajkumar Venkatramani, Scott Wenderfer, Brett H Graham, Sanjeev A Vasudevan, Andrew Sher, Hao Wu, David A Wheeler, Yaping Yang, Christine M Eng, Richard A Gibbs, Angshumoy Roy, Sharon E Plon, D Williams Parsons
Pediatric renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a rare cancer that can be associated with inherited diseases including tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) caused by germline mutations in TSC1 or TSC2. Somatic mutations in TSC1 and TSC2 have also been reported in adult RCC, which predict response to mTOR inhibitors. Here, we present the first case of RCC in a child with methylmalonic acidemia (MMA). Clinical whole exome sequencing of blood and tumor samples confirmed the diagnosis of MMA and revealed two somatic inactivating mutations in TSC2, suggesting the potential consideration of an mTOR inhibitor in the event of tumor recurrence...
October 17, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Keelara Shivalingaiah Savitha, Radhika Dhanpal, J Shilpa
BACKGROUND: Multimodal analgesia (MMA) by synergy with volatile anesthetics minimizes their use thus decreasing operation theater pollution and greenhouse gas emission. AIMS: To estimate minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) requirement of isoflurane (ISO) for skin incision with use of MMA in the study group versus conventional regime in the control group for a constant bispectral index (BIS). To observe the side effects of analgesic drugs administered in the study...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Jinlong Li, Xiaoxu Duan, Dandan Dong, Yang Zhang, Lu Zhao, Wei Li, Jinli Chen, Guifan Sun, Bing Li
Groundwater contaminated with inorganic arsenic (iAs) is the main source of human exposure to arsenic and generates a global health issue. In this study, the urinary excretion, as well as the time-course distributions of various arsenic species in murine tissues, especially in different brain regions were determined after a single oral administration of 2.5, 5, 10 and 20mg/kg sodium arsenite (NaAsO2). Our data showed that the peak times of urinary, hepatic and nephritic total arsenic (TAs) were happened at about 1h, then TAs levels decreased gradually and almost could not be observed after 72h...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Anne E Nigra, Keeve E Nachman, David C Love, Maria Grau-Perez, Ana Navas-Acien
BACKGROUND: Arsenicals (roxarsone and nitarsone) used in poultry production likely increase inorganic arsenic (iAs), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), dimethylarsinic acid (DMA), and roxarsone or nitarsone concentrations in poultry meat. The association between poultry intake and exposure to these arsenic species, as reflected in elevated urinary arsenic concentrations, however, is unknown. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the association between 24-hour dietary recall of poultry consumption and arsenic exposure in the U...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA, the Agency, or we) is issuing a final rule to implement Title XI of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA), which amended provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) that govern the approval of 505(b)(2) applications and abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs). This final rule implements portions of Title XI of the MMA that pertain to provision of notice to each patent owner and the new drug application (NDA) holder of certain patent certifications made by applicants submitting 505(b)(2) applications or ANDAs; the availability of 30-month stays of approval on 505(b)(2) applications and ANDAs that are otherwise ready to be approved; submission of amendments and supplements to 505(b)(2) applications and ANDAs; and the types of bioavailability and bioequivalence data that can be used to support these applications...
October 6, 2016: Federal Register
Hianne Miranda de Torres, José Valladares-Neto, Érica Miranda de Torres, Rogério Zambonato Freitas, Maria Alves Garcia Silva
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of genioplasty on the size of the pharyngeal airway space (PAS) in a sample of patients without obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) undergoing maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 52 patients who underwent orthognathic surgery for MMA were obtained before (T1) and after (T2) surgery. The radiographs were digitized and the anteroposterior dimensions of the PAS were measured at the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx levels...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
José E Barrera
Multilevel surgery has been established as the mainstay of treatment for the surgical management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Combined with uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, tongue-base surgeries, including the genioglossus advancement (GA), sliding genioplasty, and hyoid myotomy and suspension, have been developed to target hypopharyngeal obstruction. Total airway surgery consisting of maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) with/without GA has shown significant success. Skeletal procedures for OSA with or without a palatal procedure is a proven technique for relieving airway obstruction during sleep...
October 6, 2016: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Xueli Sun, Zhiyong Qian, Lingqiong Luo, Qipeng Yuan, Ximin Guo, Lei Tao, Yen Wei, Xing Wang
Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is a widely used biomaterial. But there is still a challenge facing its unwanted bacterial adhesion, because the subsequent biofilm formation usually leads to failure of related implants. Herein, we present a borneol-modified PMMA based on a facile and effective stereochemical strategy, generating antibacterial copolymer named as P(MMA-co-BA). It was synthesized by free radical polymerization and studied with different ratio between methyl methacrylate (MMA) and borneol acrylate (BA) monomers...
October 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Joseph John Matthews, Ceri Nicholas
There is a lack of research documenting the weight-making practices of mixed-martial-arts (MMA) competitors. The purpose of the investigation was to quantify the magnitude and identify the methods of rapid weight loss (RWL) and rapid weight gain (RWG) in MMA athletes preparing for competition. Seven athletes (mean ± SD, age 24.6 ± 3.5 yrs, body mass 69.9 ± 5.7 kg, competitive experience 3.1 ± 2.2 yrs) participated in a repeated-measures design. Measures of dietary intake, urinary hydration status, and body mass were recorded in the week preceding competition...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Shibing Yu, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Yanxia Chu, Joseph M Zmuda, Yingze Zhang
The wingless pathway has a powerful influence on bone metabolism and is a therapeutic target in skeletal disorders. Wingless signaling is mediated in part through the Frizzled (FZD) receptor family. FZD transcriptional regulation is poorly understood. Herein we tested the hypothesis that Sp1 plays an important role in the transcriptional regulation of FZD1 expression in osteoblasts and osteoblast mineralization. To test this hypothesis, we conducted FZD1 promoter assays in Saos2 cells with and without Sp1 overexpression...
2016: PloS One
Marcel Suleiman, Karsten Zecher, Onur Yücel, Nina Jagmann, Bodo Philipp
: Methylamines occur ubiquitously in the oceans and can serve as carbon, nitrogen and energy source for heterotrophic bacteria from different phylogenetic groups within the marine bacterioplankton. Diatoms, which constitute a large part of the marine phytoplankton, are believed to be incapable of using methylamines as nitrogen source. As diatoms are typically associated with heterotrophic bacteria, the hypothesis came up that methylotrophic bacteria may provide ammonium to diatoms by degradation of methylamines...
September 30, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Angelika Url, Verena Krutak, Anna Kübber-Heiss, Sonja Chvala-Mannsberger, Nadia Robert, Nora Dinhopl, Peter Schmidt, Chris Walzer
According to previous studies in captive cheetah ( Acinonyx jubatus ) populations, one of the most threatening diseases besides amyloidosis, myelopathy, veno occlusive disease, and gastritis, is renal failure. Contrary to captive cheetahs in North America and South Africa, morphological data concerning renal lesions in the cheetah European Endangered Species Program (EEP) are lacking. This study details the histological characterization as well as immunohistochemical and morphometrical analysis of nephropathies in 35 captive cheetahs from the EEP, which were necropsied between 1985 and 2003...
September 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Lin Li, Wei Ma, Xiaoli Cheng, Xuehong Ren, Zhiwei Xie, Jie Liang
As one of the most powerful biocides, N-halamine based antimicrobial materials have attracted much interest due to their non-toxicity, rechargeability, and rapid inactivation against a broad range of microorganisms. In this study, novel titanium dioxide-ADMH core-shell nanoparticles [TiO2@poly (ADMH-co-MMA) NPs] were prepared via miniemulsion polymerization using 3-allyl-5,5-dimethylhydantoin (ADMH) and methyl methacrylate (MMA) with nano-TiO2. The produced nanoparticles were characterized by FT-IR, TEM, TGA, and XPS...
September 22, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Rieko Sakamoto, Kimitoshi Nakamura, Jun Kido, Shiro Matsumoto, Hiroshi Mitsubuchi, Yukihiro Inomata, Fumio Endo
Liver transplant is a treatment option for patients with MMA-emia. While this therapy does not bring about a complete cure, it is expected to prolong survival and improve the QOL of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of LDLT for patients with MMA-emia in Japan. Clinical information on 13 patients with MMA-emia who underwent LDLT was acquired using a self-developed questionnaire sent to the doctors who provided medical care to patients with MMA-emia after LDLT. Almost all of the patients continued on a protein-restricted diet, and the number of acidosis attacks had significantly decreased...
September 26, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"