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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932912/mysida-and-lophogastrida-of-greece-a-preliminary-checklist
#1
Panayota Koulouri, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The checklist of Mysida and Lophogastrida of Greece was created within the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS), which is one of the applications of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) resuming efforts to develop a complete checklist of species recorded and reported from Greek waters. The objectives of the present study were to update and cross-check taxonomically all records of Mysida and Lophogastrida species known to occur in Greek waters in order to search for inaccuracies and omissions...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932903/porifera-of-greece-an-updated-checklist
#2
Eleni Voultsiadou, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The checklist of Porifera of Greece was created in the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS), an initiative of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) that has resumed efforts to compile a complete checklist of species recorded from Greece. An updated checklist of Porifera was created on the basis of a list of the Aegean Demospongiae and Homoscleromorpha published one decade ago. All records of species known to occur in Greek waters were taxonomically validated and cross-checked for possible inaccuracies and omissions...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932189/recurrence-pattern-of-pulmonary-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-after-lung-transplantation-a-case-report
#3
A Yazicioglu, S Turkkan, F Demirag, M Subasi, E Yekeler
Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis is an uncommon indication for lung transplantation. The recurrence of the primary pathology after transplantation is rare. Extra-pulmonary involvement of Langerhans cell histiocytosis before transplantation and resuming of smoking after transplantation are risk factors for recurrence. Herein, we present a 48-year-old woman with a recurrence pattern 24 months after bilateral sequential lung transplantation. On thoracic computed tomography, progressive parenchyma infiltrates were present without clinical symptoms...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932152/successful-second-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-from-a-sibling-donor-for-relapse-of-myelodysplastic-syndrome-in-a-recipient-of-a-renal-transplant-from-his-mother-case-report
#4
M Ikeda, N Tsukada, H Chikai, M Tasaki, K Saito, Y Nakagawa, K Takahashi, K Suzuki
There have been few reports on allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients who have previously undergone solid organ transplantation. The clinical course of such patients is not yet well recognized. Therefore, appropriate immunosuppressive prophylaxis for the rejection of a solid organ graft or for graft-versus-host disease has not yet been established. We present the case of a successful allogeneic stem cell transplantation in a patient who relapsed after a first allogeneic stem cell transplantation for myelodysplastic syndrome and who had previously undergone renal transplantation...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930720/early-resumption-of-sex-following-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-amongst-school-going-males
#5
Gavin George, Kaymarlin Govender, Sean Beckett, Carl Montague, Janet Frohlich
Voluntary medical male circumcision is an integral part of the South African government's response to the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Following circumcision, it is recommended that patients abstain from sexual activity for six weeks, as sex may increase the risk of female-to-male HIV transmission and prolong the healing period. This paper investigates the resumption of sexual activity during the healing period among a cohort of school-going males in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa. The analysis for this paper compares two groups of sexually active school-going males: the first group reported having sex during the healing period (n = 40) and the second group (n = 98) reported no sex during the healing period (mean age: 17...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930667/protein-phosphatase-6-protects-prophase-i-arrested-oocytes-by-safeguarding-genomic-integrity
#6
Meng-Wen Hu, Tie-Gang Meng, Zong-Zhe Jiang, Ming-Zhe Dong, Heide Schatten, Xingzhi Xu, Zhen-Bo Wang, Qing-Yuan Sun
Mammalian oocytes are arrested at prophase of the first meiotic division in the primordial follicle pool for months, even years, after birth depending on species, and only a limited number of oocytes resume meiosis, complete maturation, and ovulate with each reproductive cycle. We recently reported that protein phosphatase 6 (PP6), a member of the PP2A-like subfamily, which accounts for cellular serine/threonine phosphatase activity, functions in completing the second meiosis. Here, we generated mutant mice with a specific deletion of Ppp6c in oocytes from the primordial follicle stage by crossing Ppp6cF/F mice with Gdf9-Cre mice and found that Ppp6cF/F; GCre+ mice are infertile...
December 8, 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928189/a-reasonable-alternative-to-clozapine-in-the-chronically-relapsing-smoking-patient-a-retrospective-analysis
#7
John R Tomko, Nadeem Ahmed, Cynthia Kuntz, Justine Zick
Background: Clozapine levels are severely decreased by cigarette smoke hydrocarbons. A new agent that is unaffected by smoking is paliperidone palmitate. Objective: The purpose of this study is to retrospectively evaluate hospital readmission and time until readmission for patients prescribed paliperidone palmitate intramuscular injection (PP) as an alternative to oral clozapine for patients with severe schizophrenia who resume smoking following discharge. A secondary analysis was performed to determine whether smoking status alone affects hospital readmission rates in both smoking and nonsmoking clozapine-treated patients...
November 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925103/health-needs-and-nursing-care
#8
Cristina Buischi Petersen, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima, Magali Roseira Boemer, Semiramis Melani Melo Rocha
Objective: to present the concept of needs according to different approaches to discuss the possibility of health care that incorporates a broader view of human vulnerabilities in health services. Methods: the arguments are founded on nursing theorists who worked on the construction of frameworks relevant to care, based on needs and on philosophers who show the possibility of identifying the vulnerabilities of human beings, defending art as a therapeutic instrument that can promote health care...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924287/transient-oliguria-during-anesthesia-in-cerebral-salt-wasting-syndrome
#9
Kwang Ho Lee, Jong Taek Park, Dong Woo Cho, Seung Woo Song, Hyun Kyo Lim
Cerebral salt wasting syndrome is a hyponatremic and hypovolemic condition caused by intracranial disorders, such as head injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, brain tumor, and brain operations. We report a case of a 5-year-old girl that had cerebral salt wasting syndrome with marked polyuria who showed transient oliguria during general anesthesia. The patient had undergone an operation for traumatic intracranial hemorrhage three months prior and has had marked polyuria and hyponatremia since then. After induction of anesthesia for cranioplasty, the patient had oliguria during surgery and then resumed polyuria in the post-operative period...
September 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924116/epistemic-benefits-of-elaborated-and-systematized-delusions-in-schizophrenia
#10
Lisa Bortolotti
In this article I ask whether elaborated and systematized delusions emerging in the context of schizophrenia have the potential for epistemic innocence. Cognitions are epistemically innocent if they have significant epistemic benefits that could not be attained otherwise. In particular, I propose that a cognition is epistemically innocent if it delivers some significant epistemic benefit to a given agent at a given time, and if alternative cognitions delivering the same epistemic benefit are unavailable to that agent at that time...
September 2016: British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921267/independence-of-long-term-contextual-memory-and-short-term-perceptual-hypotheses-evidence-from-contextual-cueing-of-interrupted-search
#11
Bernhard Schlagbauer, Maurice Mink, Hermann J Müller, Thomas Geyer
Observers are able to resume an interrupted search trial faster relative to responding to a new, unseen display. This finding of rapid resumption is attributed to short-term perceptual hypotheses generated on the current look and confirmed upon subsequent looks at the same display. It has been suggested that the contents of perceptual hypotheses are similar to those of other forms of memory acquired long-term through repeated exposure to the same search displays over the course of several trials, that is, the memory supporting "contextual cueing...
December 5, 2016: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918483/a-fault-tolerance-mechanism-for-on-road-sensor-networks
#12
Lei Feng, Shaoyong Guo, Jialu Sun, Peng Yu, Wenjing Li
On-Road Sensor Networks (ORSNs) play an important role in capturing traffic flow data for predicting short-term traffic patterns, driving assistance and self-driving vehicles. However, this kind of network is prone to large-scale communication failure if a few sensors physically fail. In this paper, to ensure that the network works normally, an effective fault-tolerance mechanism for ORSNs which mainly consists of backup on-road sensor deployment, redundant cluster head deployment and an adaptive failure detection and recovery method is proposed...
December 3, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918332/isoflurane-impairs-motor-function-recovery-by-increasing-neuroapoptosis-and-degeneration-during-spinal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#13
Shih-Yuan Fang, Jung-Shun Lee, Jun-Neng Roan, Yu-Chuan Tsai, Chen-Fuh Lam
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord ischemia (SCI) leads to variable degrees of neurologic deficit in patients undergoing major cardiovascular surgery. The effect of intraoperative neuroprotection against SCI and the subsequent ischemia-reperfusion injury is still limited. Because isoflurane is a commonly used anesthetic agent during major operation, and its neuroprotective and neurotoxicity effects have both been discussed, this study aimed to investigate the effect of isoflurane on the spinal cord's functional recovery in a rat model of cord ischemia...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916812/synthesis-and-structure-activity-relationships-of-a-series-of-aporphine-derivatives-with-antiarrhythmic-activities-and-acute-toxicity
#14
Hui Wang, Xin Cheng, Shujun Kong, Zixian Yang, Hongmei Wang, Qiuyan Huang, Jingyu Li, Cheng Chen, Yunshu Ma
Some aporphine alkaloids, such as crebanine, were found to present arrhythmic activity and also higher toxicity. A series of derivatives were synthesized by using three kinds of aporphine alkaloids (crebanine, isocorydine, and stephanine) as lead compounds. Chemical methods, including ring-opening reaction, bromination, methylation, acetylation, quaternization, and dehydrogenation, were adopted. Nineteen target derivatives were evaluated for their antiarrhythmic potential in the mouse model of ventricular fibrillation (VF), induced by CHCl₃, and five of the derivatives were investigated further in the rat model of arrhythmia, induced by BaCl₂...
November 28, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916523/localized-mechanical-stress-promotes-microtubule-rescue
#15
Hélène de Forges, Antoine Pilon, Isabelle Cantaloube, Antoine Pallandre, Anne-Marie Haghiri-Gosnet, Franck Perez, Christian Poüs
Microtubule dynamics rely on the properties of tubulin and are regulated by microtubule-associated proteins. GTP-tubulin assembles into hollow polymers, which can depolymerize upon GTP hydrolysis. Depolymerizing microtubules may stop shrinking and resume growth. Such rescues are regulated by microtubule-associated proteins like CLIP-170 and the CLASPs [1, 2]. Microtubule domains prone to rescues contain discrete regions (previously termed "GTP islands") that retain a GTP-tubulin-like conformation in the main body of the microtubule [3]...
November 22, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916452/the-normal-range-of-fmr1-triple-cgg-repeats-may-be-associated-with-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-in-china
#16
Cui-Ling Lu, Rong Li, Xin-Na Chen, Yang-Ying Xu, Li-Ying Yan, Jie Yan, Yao-Yao Zhang, Hong-Yan Jin, Wen-Xin Zhang, Jie Qiao, Xiu-Mei Zhen
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between normal Fragile X mental retardation gene 1 (FMR1) CGG repeat numbers and primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) occurrence or subsequent resumption of ovarian function. A total of 122 women with POI and 105 controls were followed up and analysed in our centre. The prevalence of premutation and intermediate range of FMR1 CGG repeats in Han Chinese women with POI was only 0.81% (1/122) and 1.64% (2/122), respectively. The risk of POI occurrence for less than 26 CGG repeats and 29 or more CGG repeats in allele1 (smaller allele) was significantly higher than that for 26-28 CGG repeats (odds ratio 13...
November 15, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913537/what-to-do-after-the-bleed-resuming-anticoagulation-after-major-bleeding
#17
Daniel M Witt
Resuming anticoagulation therapy after a potentially life-threatening bleeding complication evokes high anxiety levels among clinicians and patients trying to decide whether resuming oral anticoagulation to prevent devastating and potentially fatal thromboembolic events or discontinuing anticoagulation in hopes of reducing the risk of recurrent bleeding is best. The available evidence favors resumption of anticoagulation therapy for gastrointestinal tract bleeding and intracranial hemorrhage survivors, and it is reasonable to begin postbleeding decision making with resuming anticoagulation therapy as the default plan...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912879/how-do-the-alkaloids-emetine-and-homoharringtonine-kill-trypanosomes-an-insight-into-their-molecular-modes-of-action
#18
Sonja Krstin, Tamer Mohamed, Xiaojuan Wang, Michael Wink
BACKGROUND: Although Trypanosoma brucei causes deadly sleeping sickness, the number of the registered medications is rather limited. Some plant alkaloids are potent trypanocidal agents. PURPOSE: In this study, we wanted to elucidate the molecular modes of trypanocidal activity of the alkaloids emetine and homoharringtonine against Trypanosoma brucei brucei. METHODS: We investigated the activity of both alkaloids regarding growth recovery from alkaloid-induced stress...
December 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909493/antiarrhythmic-effect-of-antioxidants-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Rustam Khabchabov PhD, Khabchabov Rg PhD, Makhmudova Er PhD
Resume In accordance with modern concepts, one of the leading roles in the development of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and flutter, belongs - the restructuring of the myocardium, in second place - sick sinus syndrome and in third place - the presence of accessory pathways and hormonal disorders. The development of atrial fibrillation and flutter in the structural pathology, primarily begins with of drugs if it does not work, we have to carry out ablation. Providing proper, effective and important combination therapy - is the main challenge in cardiology...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907966/getting-rid-of-weakness-in-the-icu-an-updated-approach-to-the-acute-management-of-myasthenia-gravis-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#20
Alexis A Lizarraga, Karlo J Lizarraga, Michael Benatar
After prompt diagnosis, severe myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) usually require management in the intensive care unit. In the myasthenic patient, recognition of precipitating factors is paramount, and frequent monitoring of bulbar, upper airway, and/or respiratory muscle strength is needed to identify impending myasthenic crisis. Noninvasive ventilation can be attempted prior to intubation and mechanical ventilation in the setting of respiratory failure. Cholinesterase inhibitors should be discontinued, but resumed prior to extubation, and steroid dosage could be increased once the airway is secured...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
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