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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452881/tenosynovial-chondromatosis-of-the-wrist-presenting-with-acute-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-case-report
#1
L K Head, R Bradley, M Momtazi
We report a case of synovial chondromatosis of the wrist that manifested as acute carpal tunnel syndrome. The patient successfully underwent carpal tunnel release, tenosynovectomy and resection of dorsal and volar ossified bodies embedded in the tenosynovium overlying the wrist. Final histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of synovial chondromatosis. The patient's symptoms of pain, numbness, and paresthesia in a median nerve distribution resolved completely and the patient resumed full-time work in the service industry 4-weeks postoperatively with no functional limitations...
February 13, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452390/effects-of-storage-conditions-on-hatchability-embryonic-survival-and-cytoarchitectural-properties-in-broiler-from-young-and-old-flocks
#2
N Pokhrel, E Ben-Tal Cohen, O Genin, M Ruzal, D Sela-Donenfeld, Y Cinnamon
Storing eggs at low temperature prior to incubation is common practice in the broiler hatchery industry; however, prolonged storage (beyond 7 d) is known to increase early embryonic mortality and reduce chick quality and performance. To better understand the basis of this mortality, we previously published milestone criteria to evaluate morphological and cellular properties of the freshly laid embryo. Using these criteria, in the present study we checked the effects of storage at 18°C and 12°C for up to 28 d on hatchability and chick quality...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445181/interactions-between-predation-and-disturbances-shape-prey-communities
#3
Canan Karakoç, Viktoriia Radchuk, Hauke Harms, Antonis Chatzinotas
Ecological disturbances are important drivers of biodiversity patterns. Many biodiversity studies rely on endpoint measurements instead of following the dynamics that lead to those outcomes and testing ecological drivers individually, often considering only a single trophic level. Manipulating multiple factors (biotic and abiotic) in controlled settings and measuring multiple descriptors of multi-trophic communities could enlighten our understanding of the context dependency of ecological disturbances. Using model microbial communities, we experimentally tested the effects of imposed disturbances (i...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443758/a-novel-arthroscopic-all-inside-suture-technique-using-the-fast-fix-360-system-for-repairing-horizontal-meniscal-tears-in-young-athletes-3-case-reports
#4
Satoru Atsumi, Kunio Hara, Yuji Arai, Manabu Yamada, Naoki Mizoshiri, Aguri Kamitani, Toshikazu Kubo
RATIONALE: Considering the risk of osteoarthritis following resection of a horizontally torn meniscus of the knee, repairing and preserving the meniscus as much as possible is preferred. We report 3 cases of restoration of horizontally torn menisci using a novel arthroscopic method we have called "all-inside interleaf vertical suture" that afforded preservation. PATIENT CONCERNS: The 3 patients (aged 14, 17, and 21 years) had knee pain through sports activity. DIAGNOSES: All patients had horizontal tears in the posteromedial part of the meniscus...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443644/accessing-and-operating-agricultural-machinery-advancements-in-assistive-technology-for-users-with-impaired-mobility
#5
Shawn G Ehlers, William E Field
This research focused on the advancements made in enabling agricultural workers with impaired mobility to access and operate off-road agricultural machinery. Though not a new concept, technological advancements in remote-controlled lifts, electronic actuators, electric over hydraulic controllers, and various modes of hand controls have advanced significantly allowing operators with limited mobility to resume a high level of productivity in agricultural-related enterprises. In the U.S., approximately 1.7% of the population is living with some form of paralysis or significant mobility impairment...
February 14, 2018: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442540/management-of-immune-related-adverse-events-in-patients-treated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-therapy-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline
#6
Julie R Brahmer, Christina Lacchetti, Bryan J Schneider, Michael B Atkins, Kelly J Brassil, Jeffrey M Caterino, Ian Chau, Marc S Ernstoff, Jennifer M Gardner, Pamela Ginex, Sigrun Hallmeyer, Jennifer Holter Chakrabarty, Natasha B Leighl, Jennifer S Mammen, David F McDermott, Aung Naing, Loretta J Nastoupil, Tanyanika Phillips, Laura D Porter, Igor Puzanov, Cristina A Reichner, Bianca D Santomasso, Carole Seigel, Alexander Spira, Maria E Suarez-Almazor, Yinghong Wang, Jeffrey S Weber, Jedd D Wolchok, John A Thompson
Purpose To increase awareness, outline strategies, and offer guidance on the recommended management of immune-related adverse events in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICPi) therapy. Methods A multidisciplinary, multi-organizational panel of experts in medical oncology, dermatology, gastroenterology, rheumatology, pulmonology, endocrinology, urology, neurology, hematology, emergency medicine, nursing, trialist, and advocacy was convened to develop the clinical practice guideline. Guideline development involved a systematic review of the literature and an informal consensus process...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441445/promoting-ethics-and-integrity-in-management-academic-research-retraction-initiative
#7
REVIEW
Freida Ozavize Ayodele, Liu Yao, Hasnah Haron
In the management academic research, academic advancement, job security, and the securing of research funds at one's university are judged mainly by one's output of publications in high impact journals. With bogus resumes filled with published journal articles, universities and other allied institutions are keen to recruit or sustain the appointment of such academics. This often places undue pressure on aspiring academics and on those already recruited to engage in research misconduct which often leads to research integrity...
February 13, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441191/studying-the-effects-of-primary-arthroplasty-on-post-treatment-results-among-elderly-patients-with-pertrochanteric-fracture
#8
Mostafa Shahrezaee, Mohammad Ali Okhovatpour, Mohammad Banasiri, Seyyed Reza Sharifzadeh
Various therapeutic methods are available to treat patients with intertrochantric fracture, which is usually caused by falling down. This complication is usually observed among the elderly, particularly old women. The choice of the proper therapeutic method depends on many factors including patient's condition, type of fracture, and the amount of movement. Hip arthroplasty is one of these therapeutic methods, which have certain advantages and disadvantages. Immediate resumption of walking with the ability of weight toleration and absence of complications such as aseptic necrosis are some advantages of this method...
January 8, 2018: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440628/drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-dress-syndrome-secondary-to-furosemide-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Jared James, Yasser M Sammour, Andrew R Virata, Terri A Nordin, Igor Dumic
BACKGROUND DRESS is a rare, life threatening syndrome that occurs following exposure to certain medications, most commonly antibiotics and antiepileptics. While sulfonamide antibiotics are frequently implicated as causative agents for DRESS syndrome, furosemide, a nonantibiotic sulfonamide, has not been routinely reported as the causative agent despite its widespread use. CASE REPORT A 63 year old male who started furosemide for lower extremity edema 10 weeks prior presented with diarrhea, fever of 39.4°C, dry cough and maculopapular rash involving >50% of his body...
February 14, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439207/a-casino-goes-smoke-free-a-longitudinal-study-of-secondhand-and-thirdhand-smoke-pollution-and-exposure
#10
Georg E Matt, Penelope J E Quintana, Eunha Hoh, Joy M Zakarian, Zohir Chowdhury, Melbourne F Hovell, Peyton Jacob, Kayo Watanabe, Teaba S Theweny, Victoria Flores, Anh Nguyen, Narinder Dhaliwal, Gary Hayward
BACKGROUND: Secondhand smoke (SHS) in US casinos is common, but little is known about the residue of tobacco smoke pollutants left behind in dust and on surfaces, commonly referred to as thirdhand smoke (THS). We examined SHS and THS pollution and exposure before and during a casino smoking ban and after smoking resumed. METHODS: A casino was visited nine times over a 15-month period to collect dust, surface and air samples in eight locations. Finger wipe and urine samples were collected from non-smoking confederates before and after a 4-hour casino visit...
February 8, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437153/micro-structure-and-motion-of-two-dimensional-dense-short-spherocylinder-liquids
#11
Wen Wang, Jyun-Ting Lin, Yen-Shuo Su, Lin I
We numerically investigate the micro-structure and motion of 2D liquids composed of dense short spherocylinders, by reducing shape aspect ratio from 3. It is found that, reducing shape aspect ratio from 3 causes smooth transition from heterogeneous structure composed of crystalline ordered domains with good tetratic alignment order to those with good hexagonal bond-orientational order at aspect ratio equaling 1.35. In the intermediate regime, both structural orders are strongly deteriorated, and translational hopping rate reaches the maximum due to the poor particle interlocking of disordered structure...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434808/double-bundle-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-is-effective-in-rescuing-failed-primary-reconstruction-and-re-introducing-patients-to-physical-exercise
#12
Changqing Jiang, Guofei Chen, Peng Chen, Wei Li, Honglei Zhang, Wentao Zhang
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of a pair of cruciate ligaments in the human knee and is critical for knee stability, as it limits anterior tibial translation on the femur, restrains rotation and resists varus and valgus joint forces. The present study aimed to assess the effect of double-bundle revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in improving the subjective and objective functions and re-introducing patients to physical activity after primary ACL reconstruction had failed. A total of 34 patients who underwent double-bundle ACL revision surgeries were included in the present retrospective study...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433463/scedosporium-apiospermum-infectious-scleritis-following-posterior-subtenon-triamcinolone-acetonide-injection-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Daisuke Todokoro, Junki Hoshino, Ayaka Yo, Koichi Makimura, Junko Hirato, Hideo Akiyama
BACKGROUND: Ubiquitous fungi of the Scedosporium apiospermum species complex (SASC) cause various opportunistic infections. Posterior subtenon triamcinolone acetonide (STTA) injection is a standard therapy for intraocular inflammation and macular edema. We report a case of Scedosporium apiospermum infectious scleritis after a posterior STTA injection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old man received a posterior STTA injection to treat macular edema in his left eye...
February 13, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433182/extraspinal-interdural-surgical-approach-for-c2-neurinomas-report-of-an-experience-with-50-cases
#14
Atul Goel, Amol Kaswa, Abhidha Shah, Survendra Rai, Sandeep Gore, Pralhad Dharurkar
OBJECTIVE: We report our experience with surgery in 50 patients with C2 neurinomas. The anatomic subtleties of these discrete forms of tumors and their surgical implications are analyzed. METHODS: During the period 2006-2016, we operated on 50 patients with 55 C2 neurinomas. Type A tumors were located within the spinal canal, type B tumors were located in the lateral gutter, and type C tumors had a paraspinal extension. By working within the dural confines of the tumor and appropriately angulating the microscope, the entire tumor bulk extending into 1 or all 3 compartments was resected...
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433151/anticoagulants-resumption-after-warfarin-related-intracerebral-haemorrhage-the-multicenter-study-on-cerebral-hemorrhage-in-italy-much-italy
#15
Loris Poli, Mario Grassi, Marialuisa Zedde, Simona Marcheselli, Giorgio Silvestrelli, Maria Sessa, Andrea Zini, Maurizio Paciaroni, Cristiano Azzini, Massimo Gamba, Antonella Toriello, Rossana Tassi, Elisa Giorli, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Marco Ritelli, Alessandro De Vito, Nicola Pugliese, Giuseppe Martini, Alessia Lanari, Corrado Lodigiani, Marina Padroni, Valeria De Giuli, Filomena Caria, Andrea Morotti, Paolo Costa, Davide Strambo, Manuel Corato, Rosario Pascarella, Massimo Del Sette, Giovanni Malferrari, Marina Colombi, Alessandro Padovani, Alessandro Pezzini
Whether to resume antithrombotic treatment after oral anticoagulant-related intracerebral haemorrhage (OAC-ICH) is debatable. In this study, we aimed at investigating long-term outcome associated with OAC resumption after warfarin-related ICH, in comparison with secondary prevention strategies with platelet inhibitors or antithrombotic discontinuation. Participants were patients who sustained an incident ICH during warfarin treatment (2002-2014) included in the Multicenter Study on Cerebral Hemorrhage in Italy...
February 12, 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432943/functional-based-resection-does-not-worsen-quality-of-life-in-patients-harboring-a-diffuse-low-grade-glioma-involving-eloquent-brain-regions-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Jun Muto, Edouard Dezamis, Odile Rigaux-Viode, Sophie Peeters, Alexandre Roux, Marc Zanello, Charles Mellerio, Xavier Sauvageon, Pascale Varlet, Catherine Oppenheim, Johan Pallud
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of surgery on postoperative cognitive function and ability to work in adult patients harboring a diffuse low-grade glioma involving eloquent brain regions and having a functional-based maximal surgical resection using intraoperative corticosubcortical mapping under awake conditions. METHODS: We prospectively included 39 consecutive diffuse IDH-mutant low-grade glioma patients without preoperative and adjuvant oncological treatment and assessed preoperative (mean 24...
February 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432437/experimental-increase-in-baseline-corticosterone-level-reduces-oxidative-damage-and-enhances-innate-immune-response
#17
Csongor I Vágási, Laura Pătraș, Péter L Pap, Orsolya Vincze, Cosmin Mureșan, József Németh, Ádám Z Lendvai
Glucocorticoid (GC) hormones are significant regulators of homeostasis. The physiological effects of GCs critically depend on the time of exposure (short vs. long) as well as on their circulating levels (baseline vs. stress-induced). Previous experiments, in which chronic and high elevation of GC levels was induced, indicate that GCs impair both the activity of the immune system and the oxidative balance. Nonetheless, our knowledge on how mildly elevated GC levels, a situation much more common in nature, might influence homeostasis is limited...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429007/cr-vi-reduction-and-physiological-toxicity-are-impacted-by-resource-ratio-in-desulfovibrio-vulgaris
#18
Lauren C Franco, Sadie Steinbeisser, Grant M Zane, Judy D Wall, Matthew W Fields
Desulfovibrio spp. are capable of heavy metal reduction and are well-studied systems for understanding metal fate and transport in anaerobic environments. Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough was grown under environmentally relevant conditions (i.e., temperature, nutrient limitation) to elucidate the impacts on Cr(VI) reduction on cellular physiology. Growth at 20 °C was slower than 30 °C and the presence of 50 μM Cr(VI) caused extended lag times for all conditions, but once growth resumed the growth rate was similar to that without Cr(VI)...
February 10, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428307/oocyte-vitrification-versus-ovarian-cortex-transplantation-in-fertility-preservation-for-adult-women-undergoing-gonadotoxic-treatments-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Cesar Diaz-Garcia, Javier Domingo, Juan Antonio Garcia-Velasco, Sonia Herraiz, Vicente Mirabet, Ignacio Iniesta, Ana Cobo, José Remohí, Antonio Pellicer
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of oocyte vitrification (OV) with that of ovarian cortex cryopreservation and transplantation (OCT) in women undergoing gonadotoxic treatments. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Candidates for chemo-/radiotherapy who joined our fertility preservation (FP) program were included in this study between 2005 and 2015. One cohort included 1,024 patients undergoing OV; the other cohort included 800 patients undergoing OCT...
February 7, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427827/nailfold-capillaroscopy-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal
#20
REVIEW
Maurizio Cutolo, Karin Melsens, Sara Wijnant, Francesca Ingegnoli, Kristof Thevissen, Filip De Keyser, Saskia Decuman, Ulf Müller-Ladner, Yves Piette, Valeria Riccieri, Nicola Ughi, Els Vandecasteele, Amber Vanhaecke, Vanessa Smith
Nailfold capillaroscopy is an easy, non-invasive technique to assess microvascular involvement in rheumatic diseases. Multiple studies describe capillaroscopic changes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), including a wide range of non-specific findings. On behalf of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) study group on microcirculation in rheumatic diseases, a systematic review was done to obtain all original research studies (in English) in which SLE patients had capillaroscopy. Forty such studies are identified...
February 7, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
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