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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458154/the-effect-of-endoscopic-surveillance-in-patients-with-barrett-s-esophagus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Don Chamil Codipilly, Apoorva Krishna Chandar, Siddharth Singh, Sachin Wani, Nicholas J Shaheen, John M Inadomi, Amitabh Chak, Prasad G Iyer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Guidelines recommend endoscopic surveillance of patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) to identify those with dysplasia (a precursor of carcinoma) or early-stage esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), who can be treated endoscopically. However, it is unclear whether surveillance increases survival times of patients with BE. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to qualitatively and quantitatively examine evidence for the association of endoscopic surveillance in patients with BE with survival and other outcomes...
February 16, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458145/the-c-ebp%C3%AE-linc01133-axis-promotes-cell-proliferation-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-through-upregulation-of-ccng1
#2
Chen-Song Huang, Junjun Chu, Xiao-Xu Zhu, Jian-Hui Li, Xi-Tai Huang, Jian-Peng Cai, Wei Zhao, Xiao-Yu Yin
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as important regulators and prognostic markers of multiple cancers. Our aim was to determine functional involvement of lncRNAs in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). In this study, we report that LINC01133 expression is higher in PDAC tissues compared to adjacent non-cancerous tissues, and this overexpression is associated with poorer prognosis among the patients. In vitro, a knockdown of LINC01133 substantially decreased PDAC cell proliferation. Tumorigenicity of PDAC cells with the LINC01133 knockdown was significantly impaired in a xenograft model assay...
February 16, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458143/suv39h2-promotes-colorectal-cancer-proliferation-and-metastasis-via-tri-methylation-of-the-slit1-promoter
#3
Wendi Shuai, Jiangxue Wu, Shuai Chen, Ranyi Liu, Zhihua Ye, Chunmei Kuang, Xiang Fu, Gaoyuan Wang, Yingchang Li, Qihua Peng, Wei Shi, Yizhuo Li, Qianghua Zhou, Wenlin Huang
Suppressor of variegation 3-9 homolog 2 (SUV39H2) is a member of the SUV39H subfamily of lysine methyltransferases. Its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) proliferation and metastasis has remained unexplored. Here, we determined that SUV39H2 was upregulated in CRC tissues compared with that in adjacent non-neoplastic tissues. Further statistical analysis revealed that high SUV39H2 expression was strongly associated with distant metastasis (P = 0.016) and TNM stage (P = 0.038) and predicted a shorter overall survival (OS; P = 0...
February 16, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458131/inhibition-of-hepatitis-b-virus-replication-via-hbv-dna-cleavage-by-cas9-from-staphylococcus-aureus
#4
Yu Liu, Miaoxian Zhao, Mingxing Gong, Ying Xu, Cantao Xie, Haohui Deng, Xueying Li, Hongkai Wu, Zhanhui Wang
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is difficult to cure due to the presence of covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA). Accumulating evidence indicates that the CRISPR/Cas9 system effectively disrupts HBV genome, including cccDNA, in vitro and in vivo. However, efficient delivery of CRISPR/Cas9 system to the liver or hepatocytes using an adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector remains challenging due to the large size of Cas9 from Streptococcus pyogenes (Sp). The recently identified Cas9 protein from Staphylococcus aureus (Sa) is smaller than SpCas9 and thus is able to be packaged into the AAV vector...
February 16, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458114/severity-dependent-influence-of-isocapnic-hypoxia-on-reaction-time-is-independent-of-neurovascular-coupling
#5
Hannah G Caldwell, Geoff B Coombs, Michael M Tymko, Daniela Nowak-Flück, Philip N Ainslie
With exposure to acute normobaric hypoxia, global cerebral oxygen delivery is maintained via increases in cerebral blood flow (CBF); therefore, regional and localized changes in oxygen tension may explain neurocognitive impairment. Neurovascular coupling (NVC) is the close temporal and regional relationship of CBF to changes in neural activity and may aid in explaining the localized CBF response with cognitive activation. High-altitude related cognitive impairment is likely affected by hypocapnic cerebral vasoconstriction that may influence regional CBF regulation independent of hypoxia...
February 16, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458086/characterization-of-uniaxial-high-speed-stretch-as-an-in-vitro-model-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-on-the-blood-brain-barrier
#6
Hector Rosas-Hernandez, Elvis Cuevas, Claudia Escudero-Lourdes, Susan M Lantz, Nasya M Sturdivant, Syed Z Imam, Sumit Sarkar, William Slikker, Merle G Paule, Kartik Balachandran, Syed F Ali
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when external mechanical forces induce brain damage as result of impact, penetration or rapid acceleration/deceleration that causes deformation of brain tissue. Depending on its severity, TBI can be classified as mild, moderate or severe and can lead to blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of uniaxial high-speed stretch (HSS) at 0, 5, 10 and 15% on a pure culture of primary rat brain endothelial cells as an in vitro model of TBI to the BBB...
February 16, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458020/circrna-circ_0067934-promotes-tumor-growth-and-metastasis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-through-regulation-of-mir-1324-fzd5-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-axis
#7
Qian Zhu, Guiyu Lu, Zihua Luo, Fenfang Gui, Jinghua Wu, Dongwei Zhang, Yong Ni
Recently, increasing evidences demonstrate that circular RNAs (circRNAs) exert very important functions in the progression of human cancers. However, the functions and molecular mechanism of circ_0067934 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are largely unknown. In the present study, we found that the expression of circ_0067934 was significantly upregulated in HCC tissues and cell lines compared to adjacent normal tissues. Furthermore, we showed that circ_0067934 knockdown remarkably suppressed the proliferation, migration and invasion of Hep3B and HuH7 cells while inducing their apoptosis...
February 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458013/ago2-rna-immunoprecipitation-reveals-distinct-mirna-targetomes-of-primary-burkitt-lymphoma-tumors-and-normal-b-cells
#8
Agnieszka Dzikiewicz-Krawczyk, Arjan Diepstra, Bea Rutgers, Gertrud Kortman, Debora de Jong, Jasper Koerts, Marian Bulthuis, Tineke van der Sluis, Annika Seitz, Lydia Visser, Klaas Kok, Joost Kluiver, Anke van den Berg
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs involved in the posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression. Deregulated miRNA levels have been linked to Burkitt lymphoma (BL) pathogenesis. To date, the number of known pathogenesis-related miRNA-target gene interactions is limited. Here, we determined for the first time the miRNA targetomes of primary BL tumors and normal B cells. AGO2-RNA immunoprecipitation (AGO2-RIP) of two frozen diagnostic BL tissue samples and three CD19+ B-cell samples isolated from routinely removed tonsils revealed distinct miRNA targetomes of BL and normal B cells...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458000/evidence-for-a-mitochondrial-atp-regulated-potassium-channel-in-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#9
Piotr Bednarczyk, Anna Kicinska, Michal Laskowski, Bogusz Kulawiak, Rafal Kampa, Agnieszka Walewska, Milena Krajewska, Wieslawa Jarmuszkiewicz, Adam Szewczyk
Mitochondrial ATP-regulated potassium channels are present in the inner membrane of the mitochondria of various cells. In the present study, we show for the first time mitochondrial ATP-regulated potassium channels in human dermal fibroblast cells. Using the patch-clamp technique on the inner mitochondrial membrane of fibroblasts, we detected a potassium channel with a mean conductance equal to 100 pS in symmetric 150 mM KCl. The activity of this channel was inhibited by a complex of ATP/Mg2+ and activated by potassium channel openers such as diazoxide or BMS 191095...
February 16, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457786/intracellular-lipid-metabolism-impairs-%C3%AE-cell-compensation-during-diet-induced-obesity
#10
Risheng Ye, Ruth Gordillo, Mengle Shao, Toshiharu Onodera, Zhe Chen, Shiuhwei Chen, Xiaoli Lin, Jeffrey A SoRelle, Xiaohong Li, Miao Tang, Mark P Keller, Regina Kuliawat, Alan D Attie, Rana K Gupta, William L Holland, Bruce Beutler, Joachim Herz, Philipp E Scherer
The compensatory proliferation of insulin-producing β cells is critical to maintaining glucose homeostasis at the early stage of type 2 diabetes. Failure of β cells to proliferate results in hyperglycemia and insulin dependence in patients. To understand the effect of the interplay between β cell compensation and lipid metabolism upon obesity and peripheral insulin resistance, we eliminated LDL receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1), a pleiotropic mediator of cholesterol, insulin, energy metabolism, and other cellular processes, in β cells...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457734/role-of-nutrient-limitation-in-the-competition-between-uropathogenic-strains-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-and-escherichia-coli-in-mixed-biofilms
#11
Guillermo E Juarez, Estela M Galván
Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli form mixed species biofilms in catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Recently, a detrimental effect of K. pneumoniae over E. coli was observed in mixed species biofilms grown in an artificial urine medium. The mechanism behind this competitive interaction was studied. K. pneumoniae partially outcompeted E. coli in early-stage batch-fed biofilms, whereas both microorganisms co-exist at longer times (K. pneumoniae:E. coli ratio, 55:1), as shown by cell counts and confocal microscopy...
February 19, 2018: Biofouling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457627/combination-pharmacotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia-in-adults
#12
REVIEW
Joelle Thorpe, Bonnie Shum, R Andrew Moore, Philip J Wiffen, Ian Gilron
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic widespread pain condition affecting millions of people worldwide. Current pharmacotherapies are often ineffective and poorly tolerated. Combining different agents could provide superior pain relief and possibly also fewer side effects. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of combination pharmacotherapy compared to monotherapy or placebo, or both, for the treatment of fibromyalgia pain in adults. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase to September 2017...
February 19, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457582/green-leafy-and-cruciferous-vegetable-consumption-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-singapore-chinese-health-study-and-meta-analysis
#13
Guo-Chong Chen, Woon-Puay Koh, Jian-Min Yuan, Li-Qiang Qin, Rob M van Dam
Several previous prospective studies suggest that consumption of green leafy and cruciferous vegetables may lower the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We investigated the association between consumption of different types of vegetables in relation to T2D risk in an Asian Population. We included 45 411 participants (age range: 45-74 years) of the Singapore Chinese Health Study (SCHS) free of diabetes, cancer or CVD at baseline (1993-1998). Dietary information was collected using a validated FFQ. Physician-diagnosed incident diabetes was reported at follow-up I (1999-2004) and II (2006-2010) interviews...
February 19, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457550/mir-505-3p-controls-chemokine-receptor-up-regulation-in-macrophages-role-in-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#14
Rafael Escate, Pedro Mata, Jose Maria Cepeda, Teresa Padró, Lina Badimon
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) conveys a high risk of premature atherosclerosis as a result of lifelong exposure to high LDL cholesterol levels that are not fully reduced by standard-of-care lipid-lowering treatment. Inflammatory mediators have played a role in the progression of atherosclerotic lesions. Here, we investigated whether innate immunity cells in patients with FH have a specific proinflammatory phenotype that is distinct from that of cells in normal participants. To this end, miR-505-3p-a microRNA related to chronic inflammation-and its target genes were investigated in monocyte-derived macrophages (MACs) of patients with FH (FH-MACs) and non-FH controls (co-MACs)...
February 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457202/three-new-coccidians-cyclospora-eimeria-from-eastern-moles-scalopus-aquaticus-linnaeus-mammalia-soricomorpha-talpidae-from-arkansas-usa
#15
Chris T McAllister, Dagmara Motriuk-Smith, Catherine M Kerr
Three new species of coccidians (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) are described from eastern moles, Scalopus aquaticus (Linnaeus) from Arkansas. Oöcysts of Cyclospora duszynskii n. sp. are subspheroidal with a smooth bi-layered wall, measure 11.4 × 10.0 µm, and have a length/width (L/W) ratio of 1.1; both micropyle and oöcyst residuum are absent, but a single polar granule is present. Sporocysts are ellipsoidal and measure 7.2 × 5.4 µm, L/W 1.3; an indistinct Stieda body is present, but the sub-Stieda and para-Stieda bodies are absent and the sporocyst residuum is composed of medium to large granules of different sizes along the edge of the sporocyst...
February 19, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456860/protein-kinase-inhibitors-for-acute-leukemia
#16
REVIEW
Yuan Ling, Qing Xie, Zikang Zhang, Hua Zhang
Conventional treatments for acute leukemia include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and intensive combined treatments (including bone marrow transplant or stem cell transplants). Novel treatment approaches are in active development. Recently, protein kinase inhibitors are on clinical trials and offer hope as new drugs for acute leukemia treatment. This review will provide a brief summary of the protein kinase inhibitors in clinical applications for acute leukemia treatment.
2018: Biomarker Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456687/girdin-protein-a-potential-metastasis-predictor-associated-with-prognosis-in-lung-cancer
#17
Zhaoyang Yang, Fang Yang, Yingli Zhang, Xin Wang, Jiong Shi, Hongjiao Wei, Fengwei Sun, Yan Yu
The present study explored the relationship between Girdin protein expression and the survival rate of patients with lung carcinoma. A total of 334 lung cancer specimens, 20 benign lung disease tissue sections and 24 fresh tissues from patients with lung carcinoma were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. Girdin protein was expressed in 130/334 (38.93%) of the cases examined. Girdin protein expression was correlated with tumor/node/metastasis stage (P<0.001), lymph node metastasis (P=0...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456647/comparison-of-mono-and-combination-antibiotic-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-bacteraemia-a-cumulative-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#18
Su Yu Tang, Shun Wen Zhang, Jiang Dong Wu, Fang Wu, Jie Zhang, Jiang Tao Dong, Peng Guo, Da Long Zhang, Jun Ting Yang, Wan Jiang Zhang
It is currently unknown whether antibiotic monotherapy or combination therapy is a more effective treatment for patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia. The present study consists of a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies in associated studies. The treatment options of monotherapy and combination therapy have been compared, to determine which is more effective against P. aeruginosa bacteraemia. Several electronic bibliographic databases were systematically searched and clinical studies that compared combination therapy with monotherapy for P...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456518/environmental-physiology-and-diving-medicine
#19
REVIEW
Gerardo Bosco, Alex Rizzato, Richard E Moon, Enrico M Camporesi
Man's experience and exploration of the underwater environment has been recorded from ancient times and today encompasses large sections of the population for sport enjoyment, recreational and commercial purpose, as well as military strategic goals. Knowledge, respect and maintenance of the underwater world is an essential development for our future and the knowledge acquired over the last few dozen years will change rapidly in the near future with plans to establish secure habitats with specific long-term goals of exploration, maintenance and survival...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456492/novel-ph-sensitive-lipid-based-exo-endocytosis-tracers-reveal-fast-intermixing-of-synaptic-vesicle-pools
#20
Martin Kahms, Jürgen Klingauf
Styryl dyes and genetically encoded pH-sensitive fluorescent proteins like pHluorin are well-established tools for the optical analysis of synaptic vesicle (SV) recycling at presynaptic boutons. Here, we describe the development of a new class of fluorescent probes based on pH-sensitive organic dyes covalently bound to lipids, providing a promising complementary assay to genetically encoded fluorescent probes. These new optical tracers allow a pure read out of membrane turnover during synaptic activity and visualization of multiple rounds of stimulation-dependent SV recycling without genetic perturbation...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
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