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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944453/personalised-digital-interventions-for-reducing-hazardous-and-harmful-alcohol-consumption-in-community-dwelling-populations
#1
REVIEW
Eileen Fs Kaner, Fiona R Beyer, Claire Garnett, David Crane, Jamie Brown, Colin Muirhead, James Redmore, Amy O'Donnell, James J Newham, Frank de Vocht, Matthew Hickman, Heather Brown, Gregory Maniatopoulos, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use contributes significantly to physical and psychological illness, injury and death, and a wide array of social harm in all age groups. A proven strategy for reducing excessive alcohol consumption levels is to offer a brief conversation-based intervention in primary care settings, but more recent technological innovations have enabled people to interact directly via computer, mobile device or smartphone with digital interventions designed to address problem alcohol consumption...
September 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942803/systematic-review-of-universal-resilience-focused-interventions-targeting-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-in-the-school-setting
#2
REVIEW
Julia Dray, Jenny Bowman, Elizabeth Campbell, Megan Freund, Luke Wolfenden, Rebecca K Hodder, Kathleen McElwaine, Danika Tremain, Kate Bartlem, Jacqueline Bailey, Tameka Small, Kerrin Palazzi, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Wiggers
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of universal, school-based, resilience-focused interventions on mental health problems in children and adolescents. METHOD: Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of universal, school-based interventions that included strategies to strengthen a minimum of 3 internal resilience protective factors, and included an outcome measure of mental health problems in children and adolescents aged 5 to 18 years. Six databases were searched from 1995 to 2015...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942713/where-is-the-evidence-the-use-of-routinely-collected-patient-data-to-retain-adults-on-antiretroviral-treatment-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-state-of-the-evidence-review
#3
Nena do Nascimento, Catherine Barker, Isabel Brodsky
Retention rates in antiretroviral treatment (ART) in low- and middle-income countries are suboptimal for meeting global "90-90-90" treatment targets. Interventions using routinely collected patient data to follow up with ART defaulters is recommended to improve retention; yet, little is documented on how these data are used in practice. This state of the evidence review summarizes how facilities and programmes use patient data to retain adults on ART in low- and middle-income countries, and what effect, if any, these interventions have on retention...
September 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941493/diversity-in-dermatology-residency-programs
#4
REVIEW
Abby S Van Voorhees, Clinton W Enos
Given the change in our population to one that is more racially and ethnically diverse, the topic of diversity in dermatology residency programs has gained attention. In a field that has become highly competitive, diversity is lagging behind. What are the reasons for this? The existing diversity among medical school matriculants is reflective of the applicant pool, and although modest, there has been an increase in applications and acceptances from minority populations. However, these proportions do not carry through to the population applying to dermatology residency...
October 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology. Symposium Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941090/estimating-treatment-coverage-for-people-with-substance-use-disorders-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#5
Louisa Degenhardt, Meyer Glantz, Sara Evans-Lacko, Ekaterina Sadikova, Nancy Sampson, Graham Thornicroft, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Ronny Bruffaerts, Brendan Bunting, Evelyn J Bromet, José Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Giovanni de Girolamo, Silvia Florescu, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yueqin Huang, Aimee Karam, Elie G Karam, Andrzej Kiejna, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Daphna Levinson, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Yosikazu Nakamura, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Beth-Ellen Pennell, José Posada-Villa, Kate Scott, Dan J Stein, Margreet Ten Have, Yolanda Torres, Zahari Zarkov, Somnath Chatterji, Ronald C Kessler
Substance use is a major cause of disability globally. This has been recognized in the recent United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in which treatment coverage for substance use disorders is identified as one of the indicators. There have been no estimates of this treatment coverage cross-nationally, making it difficult to know what is the baseline for that SDG target. Here we report data from the World Health Organization (WHO)'s World Mental Health Surveys (WMHS), based on representative community household surveys in 26 countries...
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940998/more-than-just-side-effects-the-role-of-clinical-and-psychosocial-factors-in-non-adherence-to-tamoxifen
#6
Zoe Moon, Rona Moss-Morris, Myra S Hunter, Lyndsay D Hughes
OBJECTIVES: Tamoxifen non-adherence is apparent in up to half of breast cancer survivors and is associated with increased risk of recurrence and reduced quality of life. However, factors contributing to non-adherence in this population are currently poorly understood. This study explored the relationship between key components of the Common Sense Model of Illness Representations (CSM)/the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and intentional and unintentional non-adherence in a large sample of women prescribed tamoxifen following primary breast cancer...
September 22, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939455/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients-expert-review-from-the-late-effects-and-quality-of-life-working-committee-of-the-cibmtr-and-complications-and-quality-of-life-working-party-of-the-ebmt
#7
REVIEW
Debra Lynch Kelly, David Buchbinder, Rafael F Duarte, Jeffrey J Auletta, Neel Bhatt, Michael Byrne, Melissa Gabriel, Anuj Mahindra, Maxim Norkin, Helene Schoemans, Ami J Shah, Ibrahim Ahmed, Yoshiko Atsuta, Grzegorz W Basak, Sara Beattie, Sita Bhella, Christopher Bredeson, Nancy Bunin, Jignesh Dalal, Andrew Daly, James Gajewski, Robert Peter Gale, John Galvin, Mehdi Hamadani, Robert J Hayashi, Kehinde Adekola, Jason Law, Catherine J Lee, Jane Liesveld, Adriana K Malone, Arnon Nagler, Seema Naik, Taiga Nishihori, Susan K Parsons, Angela Scherwath, Hannah-Lise Schofield, Robert Soiffer, Jeff Szer, Ida Twist, Anne Warwick, Baldeep M Wirk, Jean Yi, Minoo Battiwalla, Mary E Flowers, Bipin Savani, Bronwen E Shaw
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a potentially curative treatment for children and adults with malignant and non-malignant diseases. Despite increasing survival rates, long-term morbidity following HCT is substantial. Neurocognitive dysfunction is a serious cause of morbidity, yet little is known about neurocognitive dysfunction following HCT. To address this gap, collaborative efforts of the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research and the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation undertook an expert review of neurocognitive dysfunction following HCT...
September 19, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938909/a-study-of-human-resource-competencies-required-to-implement-community-rehabilitation-in-less-resourced-settings
#8
REVIEW
Brynne Gilmore, Malcolm MacLachlan, Joanne McVeigh, Chiedza McClean, Stuart Carr, Antony Duttine, Hasheem Mannan, Eilish McAuliffe, Gubela Mji, Arne H Eide, Karl-Gerhard Hem, Neeru Gupta
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that over one billion persons worldwide have some form of disability. However, there is lack of knowledge and prioritisation of how to serve the needs and provide opportunities for people with disabilities. The community-based rehabilitation (CBR) guidelines, with sufficient and sustained support, can assist in providing access to rehabilitation services, especially in less resourced settings with low resources for rehabilitation. In line with strengthening the implementation of the health-related CBR guidelines, this study aimed to determine what workforce characteristics at the community level enable quality rehabilitation services, with a focus primarily on less resourced settings...
September 22, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938897/consequences-of-child-emotional-abuse-emotional-neglect-and-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-critical-review
#9
Melissa Kimber, Jill R McTavish, Jennifer Couturier, Alison Boven, Sana Gill, Gina Dimitropoulos, Harriet L MacMillan
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment and eating disorders are significant public health problems. Yet, to date, research has focused on the role of child physical and sexual abuse in eating-related pathology. This is despite the fact that globally, exposure to emotional abuse, emotional neglect and intimate partner violence are the three of the most common forms of child maltreatment. The objective of the present study is to systematically identify and critically review the literature examining the association between child emotional abuse (EA), emotional neglect (EN), and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and adult eating-disordered behavior and eating disorders...
September 22, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938866/the-interpretation-of-hair-analysis-for-drugs-and-drug-metabolites
#10
Eva Cuypers, Robert J Flanagan
INTRODUCTION: Head hair analysis for drugs and drug metabolites has been used widely with the aim of detecting exposure in the weeks or months prior to sample collection. However, inappropriate interpretation of results has likely led to serious miscarriages of justice, especially in child custody cases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to assess critically what can, and perhaps more importantly, what cannot be claimed as regards the interpretation of hair test results in a given set of circumstances in order to inform future testing...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938103/let-s-talk-about-sex-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-experiences-of-hiv-nurses-when-discussing-sexual-risk-behaviours-with-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
S de Munnik, C den Daas, H S M Ammerlaan, G Kok, M S Raethke, S C J M Vervoort
BACKGROUND: Despite prevention efforts, the incidence of sexually transmitted infection among HIV-positive men who have sex with men remains high, which is indicative of unchanged sexual risk behaviour. Discussing sexual risk behaviour has been shown to help prevent sexually transmitted infections among HIV-positive men who have sex with men. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify factors that influence whether - and how - specialised HIV nurses discuss sexual risk behaviour with HIV-positive men who have sex with men...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936415/wheelchair-service-provision-education-in-academia
#12
Karen H Fung, Paula W Rushton, Rachel Gartz, Mary Goldberg, Maria L Toro, Nicky Seymour, Jonathan Pearlman
BACKGROUND: An estimated 70 million people with disabilities need wheelchairs. To address this global crisis, the World Health Organization (WHO) proposed an eight-step wheelchair service provision model to ensure service quality regardless of resource setting. The International Society of Wheelchair Professionals (ISWP) aims to facilitate the integration of the WHO eight-step model into professional rehabilitation programmes. OBJECTIVE: To develop an enhanced understanding of the current wheelchair service provision education provided in professional rehabilitation programmes worldwide...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934995/quality-improvement-primer-part-2-executing-a-quality-improvement-project-in-the-emergency-department
#13
Lucas B Chartier, Antonia S Stang, Samuel Vaillancourt, Amy H Y Cheng
The topics of quality improvement (QI) and patient safety have become important themes in health care in recent years, particularly in the emergency department setting, which is a frequent point of contact with the health care system for patients. In the first of three articles in this series meant as a QI primer for emergency medicine clinicians, we introduced the strategic planning required to develop an effective QI project using a fictional case study as an example. In this second article we continue with our example of improving time to antibiotics for patients with sepsis, and introduce the Model for Improvement...
September 22, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934779/what-are-the-predictors-of-altered-central-pain-modulation-in-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-populations-a-systematic-review
#14
Jacqui Clark, Jo Nijs, Gillian Yeowell, Peter Charles Goodwin
BACKGROUND: Altered central pain modulation is the predominant pain mechanism in a proportion of chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders and is associated with poor outcomes. Although existing studies predict poor outcomes such as persistent pain and disability, to date there is little consensus on what factors specifically predict altered central pain modulation. OBJECTIVES: To review the existing literature on the predictive factors specifically for altered central pain modulation in musculoskeletal pain populations...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932955/the-sustainable-arable-land-use-pattern-under-the-tradeoff-of-agricultural-production-economic-development-and-ecological-protection-an-analysis-of-dongting-lake-basin-china
#15
Guanyi Yin, Liming Liu, Xilong Jiang
To find a solution regarding sustainable arable land use pattern in the important grain-producing area during the rapid urbanization process, this study combined agricultural production, locational condition, and ecological protection to determine optimal arable land use. Dongting Lake basin, one of the major grain producing areas in China, was chosen as the study area. The analysis of land use transition, the calculation of arable land barycenter, the landscape indices of arable land patches, and the comprehensive evaluation of arable land quality(productivity, economic location, and ecological condition) were adopted in this study...
September 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931925/a-single-question-regarding-mobility-in-the-world-health-organization-quality-of-life-questionnaire-predicts-3-year-mortality-in-patients-receiving-chronic-hemodialysis
#16
Hsiu-Ho Wang, Miao-Chun Ho, Kuan-Yu Hung, Hui-Teng Cheng
Low quality of life, depression and poor quality of sleep are associated with increased mortality in hemodialysis patients. It is not clear which factor has the highest predictive power and what the core element is to explain the predictability. We thus conducted a prospective cohort study that included 151 hemodialysis adults. Three traits of interest were assessed by World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire, an abbreviated version (WHOQOL-BREF), Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire, and Athens Insomnia Scale, respectively...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931381/a-qualitative-study-to-identify-parents-perceptions-of-and-barriers-to-asthma-management-in-children-from-south-asian-and-white-british-families
#17
Monica Lakhanpaul, Lorraine Culley, Noelle Robertson, Deborah Bird, Nicky Hudson, Narynder Johal, Melanie McFeeters, Emma Angell, Charlotte Hamlyn-Williams, Nadine Abbas, Logan Manikam, Mark Johnson
BACKGROUND: Over one million children receive treatment for asthma in the UK. South Asian children experience excess morbidity and higher rates of hospitalization than the White population. This study aimed to explore perceptions and experiences of asthma and asthma management in British South Asian and White British families, to identify barriers to optimal management and to inform culturally appropriate interventions to improve management. METHODS: A qualitative methodology, using semi-structured interviews was adopted...
September 20, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930888/what-matters-most-to-whom-racial-ethnic-and-language-differences-in-the-health-care-experiences-most-important-to-patients
#18
Rebecca L Collins, Ann Haas, Amelia M Haviland, Marc N Elliott
BACKGROUND: Some aspects of patient experience are more strongly related to overall ratings of care than others, reflecting their importance to patients. However, little is known about whether the importance of different aspects of this experience differs across subgroups. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the aspects of health care most important to patients differ according to patient race, ethnicity, and language preference. RESEARCH DESIGN: In response to the 2013 Medicare Consumer Assessment of Health Plans Study (CAHPS) survey, patients rated their overall health care and completed items measuring five patient experience domains...
September 19, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930219/qigong-in-cancer-care-theory-evidence-base-and-practice
#19
Penelope Klein
Background: The purpose of this discussion is to explore the theory, evidence base, and practice of Qigong for individuals with cancer. Questions addressed are: What is qigong? How does it work? What evidence exists supporting its practice in integrative oncology? What barriers to wide-spread programming access exist? Methods: Sources for this discussion include a review of scholarly texts, the Internet, PubMed, field observations, and expert opinion. Results: Qigong is a gentle, mind/body exercise integral within Chinese medicine...
January 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929641/patients-choice-between-public-and-private-hospital-emergency-departments-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Jun He, Xiang-Yu Hou, Ghasem Sam Toloo, Gerry FitzGerald
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand what factors influence patients' choice between public and private hospital ED and the relative weight of those factors among adult patients with private health insurance in Australia. METHODS: A survey of 280 patients was conducted in four public and private hospitals' EDs in Brisbane between May and August 2015. The survey included information about respondent's demographics, nature of illness, decision-making, attitudes and choice...
September 19, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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