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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647728/impact-of-five-tobacco-endgame-strategies-on-future-smoking-prevalence-population-health-and-health-system-costs-two-modelling-studies-to-inform-the-tobacco-endgame
#1
Frederieke S van der Deen, Nick Wilson, Christine L Cleghorn, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Linda J Cobiac, Nhung Nghiem, Tony Blakely
OBJECTIVE: There is growing international interest in advancing 'the tobacco endgame'. We use New Zealand (Smokefree goal for 2025) as a case study to model the impacts on smoking prevalence (SP), health gains (quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs)) and cost savings of (1) 10% annual tobacco tax increases, (2) a tobacco-free generation (TFG), (3) a substantial outlet reduction strategy, (4) a sinking lid on tobacco supply and (5) a combination of 1, 2 and 3. METHODS: Two models were used: (1) a dynamic population forecasting model for SP and (2) a closed cohort (population alive in 2011) multistate life table model (including 16 tobacco-related diseases) for health gains and costs...
June 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647718/new-meniscal-tears-after-acl-injury-what-is-the-risk-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
REVIEW
Guri Ranum Ekås, Clare Ardern, Hege Grindem, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND: Secondary meniscal tears after ACL injuries increase the risk of knee osteoarthritis. The current literature on secondary meniscal injuries after ACL injury is not consistent and may have methodological shortcomings. This protocol describes the methods of a systematic review investigating the rate of secondary meniscal injuries in children and adults after treatment (operative or non-operative) for ACL injury. METHODS: We will search electronic databases (Embase, Ovid Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), SPORTDiscus, PEDro and Google Scholar) from database inception...
June 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647679/factors-impacting-on-psychological-wellbeing-of-international-students-in-the-health-professions-a-scoping-review
#3
REVIEW
Lisa McKenna, Eddie Robinson, Joy Penman, Danny Hills
BACKGROUND: There are increasing numbers of international students undertaking health professional courses, particularly in Western countries. These courses not only expose students to the usual stresses and strains of academic learning, but also require students to undertake clinical placements and practice-based learning. While much is known about general issues facing international students, less is known about factors that impact on those studying in the health professions. OBJECTIVES: To explore what is known about factors that influence the psychological wellbeing of international students in the health professions...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647404/patient-centered-outcomes-and-treatment-preferences-regarding-sexual-problems-a-qualitative-study-among-midlife-women
#4
Holly N Thomas, Megan Hamm, Rachel Hess, Sonya Borrero, Rebecca C Thurston
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is common in midlife women and can have a significant negative impact on quality of life. Although treatments exist, there is little research on which sexual function outcomes and treatments midlife women prefer. AIM: To better understand the sexual function outcomes that were most important to sexually active women 45 to 60 years old and the types of treatments they would prefer from individual interviews and focus groups. METHODS: Twenty individual interviews and three focus groups (N = 39) were led by a trained facilitator, audio recorded, and transcribed...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646914/markerless-motion-capture-systems-as-training-device-in-neurological-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-their-use-application-target-population-and-efficacy
#5
REVIEW
Els Knippenberg, Jonas Verbrugghe, Ilse Lamers, Steven Palmaers, Annick Timmermans, Annemie Spooren
BACKGROUND: Client-centred task-oriented training is important in neurological rehabilitation but is time consuming and costly in clinical practice. The use of technology, especially motion capture systems (MCS) which are low cost and easy to apply in clinical practice, may be used to support this kind of training, but knowledge and evidence of their use for training is scarce. The present review aims to investigate 1) which motion capture systems are used as training devices in neurological rehabilitation, 2) how they are applied, 3) in which target population, 4) what the content of the training and 5) efficacy of training with MCS is...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646691/what-housing-features-should-inform-the-development-of-housing-solutions-for-adults-with-neurological-disability-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Courtney J Wright, Heidi Zeeman, Elizabeth Kendall, Jennifer A Whitty
Despite the recent emphasis in Australian political, academic, and legislative narratives to more actively promote real housing choice for people with high healthcare and support needs, there is a lack of understanding regarding the specific housing features that might constitute better housing solutions for this population. Inclusive housing provision in Australia rightly emphasises safety and accessibility issues but often fails to incorporate factors related to broader psychosocial elements of housing such as dwelling location, neighbourhood quality, and overall design...
June 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645945/how-can-we-ensure-that-the-coroner-s-autopsy-is-not-an-invasion-of-human-rights
#7
Stephen Leadbeatter, Ryk James
BACKGROUND: Despite public inquiries, and some changes to legislation following high-profile multiple homicides that were not detected by autopsy, coroners continue to rely largely on the autopsy. Regardless of the extent of quality failings and excess deaths at some hospitals, not detected through the coroner system, the autopsy is scarcely used by hospitals to monitor standards and educate. OBJECTIVE: To explore when a compulsory medicolegal autopsy should, and should not, be used...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645709/aquatic-biodiversity-in-sedimentation-ponds-receiving-road-runoff-what-are-the-key-drivers
#8
Zhenhua Sun, John E Brittain, Ekaterina Sokolova, Helene Thygesen, Svein Jakob Saltveit, Sebastien Rauch, Sondre Meland
Recently, increased attention has been paid to biodiversity conservation provided by blue-green solutions such as engineered ponds that are primarily established for water treatment and flood control. However, little research has been done to analyse the factors that affect biodiversity in such ponds. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of environmental factors on aquatic biodiversity, mainly macroinvertebrate communities, in road sedimentation ponds in order to provide a foundation for recommendations on aquatic biodiversity conservation...
June 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645260/within-class-differences-in-cancer-risk-for-sulfonylurea-treatments-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-zodiac-55-a-study-protocol
#9
Dennis Schrijnders, Geertruida H de Bock, Sebastiaan T Houweling, Kornelis J J van Hateren, Klaas H Groenier, Jeffrey A Johnson, Henk J G Bilo, Nanne Kleefstra, Gijs W D Landman
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are at increased risk for developing cancer. As approximately 8% of the world's population is living with T2D, even a slight increase in cancer risk could result in an enormous impact on the number of persons developing cancer. In addition, several glucose lowering drug classes for treating patients with T2D have been associated with a difference in risk of cancer overall, and especially for obesity related cancers. In what way and to what degree cancer risk is modified by the use of different sulfonylureas (SU) is unclear...
June 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644301/palliative-oxygen-for-chronic-breathlessness-what-new-evidence
#10
Zainab Ahmadi, David C Currow, Magnus Ekström
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Supplemental oxygen improves survival in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and severe hypoxaemia, but the effect of oxygen therapy in mild or moderate hypoxaemia to reduce symptomatic chronic breathlessness remains unclear. This review provides an overview of recent evidence about the role of oxygen therapy for the relief of chronic breathlessness in advanced illness. RECENT FINDINGS: In COPD, a recent Cochrane review strengthens earlier findings regarding the positive effect of supplemental oxygen compared with air during exercise test in the training setting...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643991/sleep-duration-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-adolescents-a-school-based-survey
#11
Chantal Stheneur, Marc Sznajder, Camille Spiry, Marianna Marcu Marin, Idir Ghout, Patricia Samb, Grégoire Benoist
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to assess the link between sleep duration, quality of life and depression in adolescents. The secondary objective was to study the sleeping behavior of a large sample of adolescents from different socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: Study subjects were high school students studying in or around Paris with a general, vocational or technological training background. A survey was conducted to evaluate the subject's perception of their own sleep, quality of life and depression...
June 22, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643560/design-quality-in-the-context-of-healthcare-environments-a-scoping-review
#12
Anna Anåker, Ann Heylighen, Susanna Nordin, Marie Elf
OBJECTIVE: We explored the concept of design quality in relation to healthcare environments. In addition, we present a taxonomy that illustrates the wide range of terms used in connection with design quality in healthcare. BACKGROUND: High-quality physical environments can promote health and well-being. Developments in healthcare technology and methodology put high demands on the design quality of care environments, coupled with increasing expectations and demands from patients and staff that care environments be person centered, welcoming, and accessible while also supporting privacy and security...
July 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642562/what-is-the-methodological-quality-of-published-dental-implant-guidelines
#13
Mark-Steven Howe
Data sourcesSix implant dentistry journals with impact factors (2014) assigned by Journal Citation Reports (Clinical Oral Implants Research, Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, European Journal of Oral Implants, The International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, Journal of Oral Implantology, and Implant Dentistry) and the Medline database.Study selectionTwo reviewers independently selected guidelines published between May 2009 and February 2016.Data evaluationFollowing training four reviewers independently applied the Agree II tool (http://www...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642506/learning-from-good-practice-a-review-of-current-oral-health-promotion-materials-for-parents-of-young-children
#14
K A Gray-Burrows, J Owen, P F Day
Objectives To examine the quality of UK-based oral health promotion materials (OHPM) for parents of young children aged 0-5 years old.Data sources OHPM were obtained via email request to dental public health consultants and oral health promotion teams in the UK, structured web-based searches or collected from oral health events.Data selection Materials were included if: they were freely available; they were in English; they were parent facing and included oral health advice aimed at children aged 0-5-years-old...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642216/what-predicts-online-health-information-seeking-behavior-among-egyptian-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Mayada Ghweeba, Antje Lindenmeyer, Sobhi Shishi, Mostafa Abbas, Amani Waheed, Shaymaa Amer
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the Internet has become an important source of health-related information for a wide range of users worldwide. Yet, little is known about the personal characteristics of Egyptian Internet users who search for online health information (OHI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the personal characteristics of Egyptian OHI seekers and to determine any associations between their personal characteristics and their health information-seeking behavior...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641993/peer-review-for-selection-of-oral-presentations-for-conferences-are-we-reliable
#16
Myriam Deveugele, Jonathan Silverman
INTRODUCTION: Although peer-review for journal submission, grant-applications and conference submissions has been called 'a counter- stone of science', and even 'the gold standard for evaluating scientific merit', publications on this topic remain scares. Research that has investigated peer-review reveals several issues and criticisms concerning bias, poor quality review, unreliability and inefficiency. The most important weakness of the peer review process is the inconsistency between reviewers leading to inadequate inter-rater reliability...
June 16, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641609/a-systematic-review-of-the-psychometric-properties-usability-and-clinical-impacts-of-mobile-mood-monitoring-applications-in-young-people
#17
M Dubad, C Winsper, C Meyer, M Livanou, S Marwaha
BACKGROUND: Mobile mood-monitoring applications are increasingly used by mental health providers, widely advocated within research, and a potentially effective method to engage young people. However, little is known about their efficacy and usability in young populations. METHOD: A systematic review addressing three research questions focused on young people: (1) what are the psychometric properties of mobile mood-monitoring applications; (2) what is their usability; and (3) what are their positive and negative clinical impacts? Findings were synthesised narratively, study quality assessed and compared with evidence from adult studies...
June 23, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640698/pediatric-gliomas-current-concepts-on-diagnosis-biology-and-clinical-management
#18
Dominik Sturm, Stefan M Pfister, David T W Jones
Gliomas are the most common CNS tumors in children and adolescents, and they show an extremely broad range of clinical behavior. The majority of pediatric gliomas present as benign, slow-growing lesions classified as grade I or II by the WHO classification of CNS tumors. These pediatric low-grade gliomas (LGGs) are fundamentally different from IDH-mutant LGGs occurring in adults, because they rarely undergo malignant transformation and show excellent overall survival under current treatment strategies. However, a significant fraction of gliomas develop over a short period of time and progress rapidly and are therefore classified as WHO grade III or IV high-grade gliomas (HGGs)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639159/a-systematic-review-of-patient-perspectives-on-surveillance-after-colorectal-cancer-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Julia R Berian, Amanda Cuddy, Amanda B Francescatti, Linda O'Dwyer, Y Nancy You, Robert J Volk, George J Chang
PURPOSE: Surveillance after colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment is routine, but intensive follow-up may offer little-to-no overall survival benefit. Given the growing population of CRC survivors, we aimed to systematically evaluate the literature for the patient perspective on two questions: (1) How do CRC patients perceive routine surveillance following curative treatment and what do they expect to gain from their surveillance testing or visits? (2) Which providers (specialists, nursing, primary care) are preferred by CRC survivors to guide post-treatment surveillance? METHODS: Systematic searches of PubMed MEDLINE, Embase, the CENTRAL Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were conducted...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638608/the-role-of-psychological-factors-in-fatigue-among-end-stage-kidney-disease-patients-a-critical-review
#20
Federica Picariello, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, And Joseph Chilcot
Fatigue is a common and debilitating symptom, affecting 42-89% of end-stage kidney disease patients, persisting even in pre-dialysis care and stable kidney transplantation, with huge repercussions on functioning, quality of life and patient outcomes. This paper presents a critical review of current evidence for the role of psychological factors in renal fatigue. To date, research has concentrated primarily on the contribution of depression, anxiety and subjective sleep quality to the experience of fatigue. These factors display consistent and strong associations with fatigue, above and beyond the role of demographic and clinical factors...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
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