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Copper chaperone

Carla M Zammit, Florian Weiland, Joël Brugger, Benjamin Wade, Lyron Juan Winderbaum, Dietrich H Nies, Gordon Southam, Peter Hoffmann, Frank Reith
The metal-resistant β-proteobacterium Cupriavidus metallidurans drives gold (Au) biomineralisation and the (trans)formation of Au nuggets largely via unknown biochemical processes, ultimately leading to the reductive precipitation of mobile, toxic Au(i/iii)-complexes. In this study proteomic responses of C. metallidurans CH34 to mobile, toxic Au(iii)-chloride are investigated. Cells were grown in the presence of 10 and 50 μM Au(iii)-chloride, 50 μM Cu(ii)-chloride and without additional metals. Differentially expressed proteins were detected by difference gel electrophoresis and identified by liquid chromatography coupled mass spectrometry...
October 19, 2016: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
S S Garcia, Q Du, H Wu
The oral cavity is a dynamic environment characterized by hundreds of bacterial species, saliva, and an influx of nutrients and metal ions such as copper. Although there is a physiologic level of copper in the saliva, the oral cavity is often challenged with an influx of copper ions. At high concentrations copper is toxic and must therefore be strictly regulated by pathogens for them to persist and cause disease. The cariogenic pathogen Streptococcus mutans manages excess copper using the copYAZ operon that encodes a negative DNA-binding repressor (CopY), the P1-ATPase copper exporter (CopA), and the copper chaperone (CopZ)...
December 21, 2015: Molecular Oral Microbiology
Ranjeet Kumar, Candan Ariöz, Yaozong Li, Niklas Bosaeus, Sandra Rocha, Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede
After cellular uptake, Copper (Cu) ions are transferred from the chaperone Atox1 to the Wilson disease protein (ATP7B) for incorporation into Cu-dependent enzymes in the secretory pathway. Human ATP7B is a large multi-domain membrane-spanning protein which, in contrast to homologues in other organisms, has six similar cytoplasmic metal-binding domains (MBDs). The reason for multiple MBDs is proposed to be indirect modulation of enzymatic activity and it is thus intriguing that point mutations in MBDs can promote Wilson disease...
October 15, 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Archita Das, Varadarajan Sudhahar, Gin-Fu Chen, Ha Won Kim, Seock-Won Youn, Lydia Finney, Stefan Vogt, Jay Yang, Junghun Kweon, Bayasgalan Surenkhuu, Masuko Ushio-Fukai, Tohru Fukai
Copper (Cu), an essential nutrient, promotes wound healing, however, target of Cu action and underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Cu chaperone Antioxidant-1 (Atox1) in the cytosol supplies Cu to the secretory enzymes such as lysyl oxidase (LOX), while Atox1 in the nucleus functions as a Cu-dependent transcription factor. Using mouse cutaneous wound healing model, here we show that Cu content (by X-ray Fluorescence Microscopy) and nuclear Atox1 are increased after wounding, and that wound healing with and without Cu treatment is impaired in Atox1(-/-) mice...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Noriyuki Shiraishi, Yoshiaki Hirano
Recent studies have indicated that PrP23-98, an N-terminal portion of PrP, polymerizes into amyloid-like and proteinase K (PK)-resistant aggregates in the presence of NADPH with copper ions [19], and then that CRT suppressed aggregation of PrP23-98 and also promoted solubilization of the aggregates [18]. As it is interesting to find out whether other chaperones can inhibit aggregation of PrP23-98 in vitro similar to CRT, this study was conducted to determine whether BiP, Grp94, PDI Grp58 and heat shock cognate protein70 (Hsc70) can inhibit aggregation of PrP23-98 in vitro...
September 9, 2016: Protein and Peptide Letters
S R Bharathi Devi, Aloysius Dhivya M, K N Sulochana
Copper, although known as a micronutrient, has a pivotal role in modulating the cellular metabolism. Many studies have reported the role of copper in angiogenesis. Copper chaperones are intracellular proteins that mediate copper trafficking to various cell organelles. However, the role and function of copper chaperones in relation to angiogenesis has to be further explored. The intracellular copper levels when in excess are deleterious and certain mutations of copper chaperones have been shown to induce cell death and influence various cellular metabolisms...
September 2016: Journal of Biosciences
Lijie Li, Wei Guo, Kui Wu, Yao Zhao, Qun Luo, Qingwu Zhang, Jianan Liu, Shaoxiang Xiong, Fuyi Wang
RATIONALE: Cox17 is a key copper chaperone protein responsible for delivery of cuprous ions to mitochondria and has been demonstrated to be involved in the anticancer action of cisplatin. However, the binding sites of the drug to the protein have not yet been directly identified. METHODS: The recombinant protein apo-Cox172s-s , the functional state of Cox17 transferring Cu(I), was reacted with an excess of cisplatin to produce platinated Cox17 adducts, of which the platination sites were identified by high-resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron tandem mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS/MS) through electron capture dissociation (ECD)...
August 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Vincenza Barresi, Angela Trovato-Salinaro, Giorgia Spampinato, Nicolò Musso, Sergio Castorina, Enrico Rizzarelli, Daniele Filippo Condorelli
Copper homeostasis and distribution is strictly regulated by a network of transporters and intracellular chaperones encoded by a group of genes collectively known as copper homeostasis genes (CHGs). In this work, analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas database for somatic point mutations in colorectal cancer revealed that inactivating mutations are absent or extremely rare in CHGs. Using oligonucleotide microarrays, we found a strong increase in mRNA levels of the membrane copper transporter 1 protein [CTR1; encoded by the solute carrier family 31 member 1 gene (SLC31A1 gene)] in our series of colorectal carcinoma samples...
August 2016: FEBS Open Bio
Shinji Oe, Koichiro Miyagawa, Yuichi Honma, Masaru Harada
Copper is an essential trace element, however, excess copper is harmful to human health. Excess copper-derived oxidants contribute to the progression of Wilson disease, and oxidative stress induces accumulation of abnormal proteins. It is known that the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) plays an important role in proper protein folding, and that accumulation of misfolded proteins disturbs ER homeostasis resulting in ER stress. However, copper-induced ER homeostasis disturbance has not been fully clarified. We treated human hepatoma cell line (Huh7) and immortalized-human hepatocyte cell line (OUMS29) with copper and chemical chaperones, including 4-phenylbutyrate and ursodeoxycholic acid...
September 10, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
R Squitti, M Siotto, M Arciello, L Rossi
ATP7B, a protein mainly expressed in the hepatocytes, is a copper chaperone that loads the metal into the serum copper-protein ceruloplasmin during its synthesis and also escorts superfluous copper into the bile, by a sophisticated trafficking mechanism. Impaired function of this ATPase is associated with a well-known inborn error of copper metabolism, Wilson's disease (WD). Several mutations of ATP7B are known, involving different regions of the protein, thus resulting in a plethora of phenotypes in WD patients...
September 1, 2016: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Huihui Liu, Jiong Wu, Mengshan Xu, Jianyu He
Heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) is a conserved molecular chaperone contributing to cell cycle control, organism development and the proper regulation of cytosolic proteins. The full-length HSP90 cDNA of Mytilus coruscus (McHSP90, KT946644) was 2420bp, including an ORF of 2169bp encoding a polypeptide of 722 amino acids with predicted pI/MW 4.89/83.22kDa. BLASTp analysis and phylogenetic relationship strongly suggested McHSP90 was a member of HSP90 family, and it was highly conserved with other known HSP90, especially in the HSP90 family signatures, ATP/GTP-Binding sites and 'EEVD' motif...
October 15, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Marc Solioz
The nineties witnessed the discovery of the copper ATPases, enzymes which transport copper across the cytoplasmic membranes of bacteria and eukaryotes. In the same decade, several other key components of copper homeostasis have also been discovered, like copper chaperones and plasma membrane copper transporters. This has finally led to a molecular understanding of two inherited human diseases related to copper: Menkes disease, manifested by systemic copper deficiency, and Wilson disease, caused by defective secretion of excess copper...
September 1, 2016: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Yuta Hatori, Svetlana Lutsenko
Human antioxidant protein 1 (Atox1) is a small cytosolic protein with an essential role in copper homeostasis. Atox1 functions as a copper carrier facilitating copper transfer to the secretory pathway. This process is required for activation of copper dependent enzymes involved in neurotransmitter biosynthesis, iron efflux, neovascularization, wound healing, and regulation of blood pressure. Recently, new cellular roles for Atox1 have emerged. Changing levels of Atox1 were shown to modulate response to cancer therapies, contribute to inflammatory response, and protect cells against various oxidative stresses...
July 27, 2016: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Mei Li, Lian Jiang, Huifen Zhang, Dandan Wang, Min Zhang, Lianshan Zhang
The main function of adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) is to regulate fatty acid metabolism as its molecular chaperone. The clinical significance of A-FABP in hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) neonates is not yet clear. Free fatty acid (FFA) in cerebral cortex increases along with hypoxia ischemia degree. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether FFA can induce A-FABP expression and elevate the serum A-FABP level in HIBD neonates. In the present study, 42 HIBD neonates were selected including 11 cases as mild, 16 cases as moderate and 15 cases as severe...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Diego La Mendola, Chiara Giacomelli, Enrico Rizzarelli
The description of the cell life needs not only the knowledge of its genome and proteome, but also of the location of the metal ions and their different complex species in the subcellular compartments, that is of metallome. The cross-talk among these players of the omics' world secures the cellular homeostasis by means of a complex network, the alteration of which may give rise to many diseases. Copper and zinc ions levels regulate protein expression and metal-responsive transcription factors and in many pathologies metal dyshomeostasis induces to aberrant expression of different factors...
July 15, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Ayca Cankorur-Cetinkaya, Serpil Eraslan, Betul Kirdar
BACKGROUND: Iron and copper homeostatic pathways are tightly linked since copper is required as a cofactor for high affinity iron transport. Atx1p plays an important role in the intracellular copper transport as a copper chaperone transferring copper from the transporters to Ccc2p for its subsequent insertion into Fet3p, which is required for high affinity iron transport. RESULTS: In this study, genome-wide transcriptional landscape of ATX1 deletants grown in media either lacking copper or having excess copper was investigated...
2016: BMC Genomics
Elizabeth T Hobbs, Talmo Pereira, Patrick K O'Neill, Ivan Erill
BACKGROUND: Metagenomics enables the analysis of bacterial population composition and the study of emergent population features, such as shared metabolic pathways. Recently, we have shown that metagenomics datasets can be leveraged to characterize population-wide transcriptional regulatory networks, or meta-regulons, providing insights into how bacterial populations respond collectively to specific triggers. Here we formalize a Bayesian inference framework to analyze the composition of transcriptional regulatory networks in metagenomes by determining the probability of regulation of orthologous gene sequences...
2016: Algorithms for Molecular Biology: AMB
Stephen W Mercer, Richard Burke
Glutaredoxins are a family of small molecular weight proteins that have a central role in cellular redox regulation. Human GRX1 (hGRX1) has also been shown to play an integral role in copper homeostasis by regulating the redox activity of the metalated sites of copper chaperones such as ATOX1 and SOD1, and the copper efflux proteins ATP7A and ATP7B. To further elucidate the role of hGRX1 in copper homeostasis, we examined the impact of RNA interference-mediated knockdown of CG6852, a putative Drosophila orthologue of hGRX1...
August 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Liu Liu, Xiangrong Geng, Joseph McDermott, Jian Shen, Cody Corbin, Stephanie Xuan, Jae Kim, Li Zuo, Zijuan Liu
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α is a well-known pro-inflammatory cytokine. Increased expression of Tnf-α is a feature of inflammatory lung diseases, such as asthma, emphysema, fibrosis, and smoking-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Using a mouse line with lung-specific Tnf-α overexpression (SPC-TNF-α) to mimic TNF-α-associated lung diseases, we investigated the role of chronic inflammation in the homeostasis of lung trace elements. We performed a quantitative survey of micronutrients and biometals, including copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and selenium (Se), in the transgenic mice tissues...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Joaquín Giner-Lamia, Sara B Pereira, Miquel Bovea-Marco, Matthias E Futschik, Paula Tamagnini, Paulo Oliveira
Metals are essential for all living organisms and required for fundamental biochemical processes. However, when in excess, metals can turn into highly-toxic agents able to disrupt cell membranes, alter enzymatic activities, and damage DNA. Metal concentrations are therefore tightly controlled inside cells, particularly in cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria are ecologically relevant prokaryotes that perform oxygenic photosynthesis and can be found in many different marine and freshwater ecosystems, including environments contaminated with heavy metals...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
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