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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643915/preface-to-coast-2016-innovators-workshop-on-personalized-and-precision-orthodontic-therapy
#1
J C Nickel, D A Covell, S A Frazier-Bowers, S Kapila, S S Huja, L R Iwasaki
OBJECTIVE: A second focused workshop explored how to transfer novel findings into clinical orthodontic practice. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Participants met in West Palm Beach (Florida, USA), on 9-11 September 2016 for the Consortium for Orthodontic Advances in Science and Technology 2016 Innovators' Workshop (COAST). Approximately 65 registered attendees considered and discussed information from 27 to 34 speakers, 8 to 15 poster presenters and four lunch-hour focus group leaders...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642088/effect-of-pre-emptive-pregabalin-on-pain-management-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Yi Zhang, Yu Wang, Xi Zhang
BACKGROUND: Pre-emptive pregabalin might be beneficial to the patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, the results remained controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the effect of pregabalin on pain management of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of pregabalin versus placebo on laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641970/the-interaction-of-caseload-and-usage-in-determining-outcomes-of-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#3
Thomas W Hamilton, James M Rizkalla, Leonidas Kontochristos, Barbara E Marks, Stephen J Mellon, Christopher A F Dodd, Hemant G Pandit, David W Murray
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) are variable and influenced by caseload (UKA/y) and usage (percentage of knee arthroplasty that are UKA), which relates to indications. This meta-analysis assesses the relative importance of these factors. METHODS: MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), and Web of Science (ISI) were searched for consecutive series of cemented Phase 3 Oxford medial UKA. The primary outcome was revision rate/100 observed component years (% pa) with subgroup analysis based on caseload and usage...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640101/liposomal-bupivacaine-versus-traditional-bupivacaine-for-pain-control-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#4
Ting-Ting Ma, Yu-Hui Wang, Yun-Feng Jiang, Cong-Bin Peng, Chao Yan, Zi-Gui Liu, Wei-Xing Xu
BACKGROUND: In the past, the efficacy of local infiltration of liposomal bupivacaine for total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients was in debate. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to determine whether local infiltration of liposomal bupivacaine provides better pain relief after THA. METHODS: We searched Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases to the April 2017. Any studies comparing liposomal bupivacaine and traditional bupivacaine were included in our meta-analysis...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637279/high-dimensional-multivariate-mediation-with-application-to-neuroimaging-data
#5
Oliver Y Chén, Ciprian Crainiceanu, Elizabeth L Ogburn, Brian S Caffo, Tor D Wager, Martin A Lindquist
Mediation analysis is an important tool in the behavioral sciences for investigating the role of intermediate variables that lie in the path between a treatment and an outcome variable. The influence of the intermediate variable on the outcome is often explored using a linear structural equation model (LSEM), with model coefficients interpreted as possible effects. While there has been significant research on the topic, little work has been done when the intermediate variable (mediator) is a high-dimensional vector...
June 15, 2017: Biostatistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635309/rheumatoid-arthritis-is-associated-with-negatively-variable-impacts-on-domains-of-female-sexual-function-evidence-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Qiuxiang Zhang, Congcong Zhou, Haoyang Chen, Qian Zhao, Lin Li, Yafei Cui, Biyu Shen
To systematically review the literature to identify the impact of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on specific female sexual function domains. A meta-analysis was performed and the related literature were searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM and Web of Science databases, and in reference lists of articles and systematic reviews. Score of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was used as the outcome measurement, and mean differences (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Five studies were included, including 346 women with RA and 237 healthy female controls...
June 21, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635066/consensus-development-of-quality-indicators-for-end-of-life-care-for-elders-in-japan
#7
Harue Masaki, Nobuko Kawai, Keiko Matsumoto, Miyoko Kuwata, Sachiko Yoshioka, Midori Nishiyama, Ryoko Uchino, Hiroko Nagae, Megumi Teshima, Sayuri Sakai, Kazuko Endo
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Quality indicators for end-of-life care have been published; however, none have been developed specifically for nursing in the cultural and traditional context of Japan. This study aimed to develop and build a consensus of quality indicators for end-of-life care for elders in Japan from the perspective of nursing science. METHODS: To develop the quality indicators, we used a literature review, expert panel process, and the Delphi technique among clinical nurse specialists in geriatrics...
June 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633460/guidelines-for-composing-and-assessing-a-paper-on-treatment-of-pain
#8
Nikolai Bogduk, David J Kennedy, Yakov Vorobeychik, Andrew Engel
Authors, readers, and editors share a common focus. Authors want to publish their work. Readers want to see high-quality, new information. Referees and editors serve to ensure that authors provide valid conclusions based on the quality of information that readers want. Common to each of these roles are instructions to authors. However, these are typically written in an uninspiring, legalistic style, as if they are a set of rules that authors must obey if they expect to get published. This renders the instructions boring and oppressive, if not forbidding...
June 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632926/meta-analysis-of-health-related-quality-of-life-after-minimally-invasive-versus-open-oesophagectomy-for-oesophageal-cancer
#9
REVIEW
J H Kauppila, S Xie, A Johar, S R Markar, P Lagergren
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes between minimally invasive and open oesophagectomy for cancer at different postoperative time points. METHODS: A search of PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library was performed for studies that compared open with minimally invasive oesophagectomy. A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted for studies that measured HRQoL scores using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and QLQ-OES18 questionnaires...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631805/drug-therapy-for-chronic-idiopathic-axonal-polyneuropathy
#10
REVIEW
Janna Warendorf, Alexander Fje Vrancken, Ivo N van Schaik, Richard Ac Hughes, Nicolette C Notermans
BACKGROUND: Chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP) is an insidiously progressive sensory or sensorimotor polyneuropathy that affects elderly people. Although severe disability or handicap does not occur, CIAP reduces quality of life. CIAP is diagnosed in 10% to 25% of people referred for evaluation of polyneuropathy. There is a need to gather and review emerging evidence on treatments, as the number of people affected is likely to increase in ageing populations. This is an update of a review first published in 2004 and previously updated in 2006, 2008, 2011 and 2013...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626867/kind-of-blue-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-music-interventions-in-cancer-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Margrethe Langer Bro, Kira Vibe Jespersen, Julie Bolvig Hansen, Peter Vuust, Niels Abildgaard, Jeppe Gram, Christoffer Johansen
OBJECTIVES: Music may be a valuable and low-cost coping strategy for cancer patients. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify the psychological and physical effects of music interventions in cancer treatment. METHODS: We included randomized, controlled trials with adult patients in active cancer treatment exposed to different music interventions versus control conditions. Qualitative studies and systematic reviews were excluded. We identified a total of 2624 records through two systematic searches (June 2015, September 2016) in PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Cinahl, Web of Science, Cochrane and PsycINFO and used Risk of Bias Assessment, GRADE and Checklist for Reporting Music-Based Interventions to evaluate the music applied and quality of the studies...
June 18, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626271/long-acting-injectable-paliperidone-palmitate-a-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#12
Matthew T Morris, Sandip P Tarpada
OBJECTIVE: Summarize and synthesize the current literature regarding long-acting injectable paliperidone palmitate for the treatment of schizophrenia. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science was conducted in February 2016, using the following search terms in varying permutations: schizophrenia; antipsychotic medication; long-acting injectable; paliperidone palmitate; 3-monthly injectable. RESULTS: Once-monthly injectable paliperidone palmitate (PDP) has demonstrated comparable efficacy as 1st-generation long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIAs) in reducing disease severity and re-hospitalizations in schizophrenic patients...
May 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622486/the-physiological-basis-of-cervical-facet-mediated-persistent-pain-basic-science-and-clinical-challenges
#13
Meagan E Ita, Sijia Zhang, Timothy P Holsgrove, Sonia Kartha, Beth A Winkelstein
Synopsis Chronic neck pain is common and a primary clinical symptom of whiplash and other spinal injuries. Loading-induced neck injuries produce abnormal kinematics between the vertebrae, with the potential to injure facet joints and the afferent fibers that innervate the specific joint tissues, including the capsular ligament. Mechanoreceptive and nociceptive afferents that innervate the facet have their peripheral terminals in the capsule, cell bodies in the dorsal root ganglia, and terminal processes in the spinal cord...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619390/the-effect-of-massage-on-acute-postoperative-pain-in-critically-and-acutely-ill-adults-post-thoracic-surgery-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
Madalina Boitor, Céline Gélinas, Melissa Richard-Lalonde, Brett D Thombs
Critical care practice guidelines identify a lack of clear evidence on the effectiveness of massage for pain control. To assess the effect of massage on acute pain in critically and acutely ill adults post-thoracic surgery. Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsychInfo, Web of Science, Scopus and Cochrane Library databases were searched. Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effect of massage compared to attention control/sham massage or standard care alone on acute pain intensity post-thoracic surgery...
June 12, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615218/does-leisure-time-physical-activity-protect-against-low-back-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-36-prospective-cohort-studies
#15
REVIEW
Rahman Shiri, Kobra Falah-Hassani
BACKGROUND: There are plausible mechanisms whereby leisure time physical activity may protect against low back pain (LBP) but there have been no quality systematic reviews and meta-analyses of the subject. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to assess the effect of leisure time physical activity on non-specific LBP. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar databases from their inception through July 2016...
June 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614671/gestalt-breastfeeding-helping-mothers-and-infants-optimize-positional-stability-and-intraoral-breast-tissue-volume-for-effective-pain-free-milk-transfer
#16
Pamela Douglas, Renee Keogh
In the past decade, biological nurturing and activation of maternal and infant instincts after birth have constituted a major advance in clinical breastfeeding support. Yet, physiologic breastfeeding initiation is not enough to ensure ongoing pain-free and effective breastfeeding for many pairs. Current interventions, including "hands-off" mammalian approaches, do not improve breastfeeding outcomes, including in randomized controlled trials. Back-arching, difficulty latching or staying on the breast, and fussing at the breast are common signs of infant positional instability during breastfeeding...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614237/can-intravenous-steroid-administration-reduce-postoperative-pain-scores-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#17
Li-Zhi Xing, Li Li, Lan-Ju Zhang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to evaluate whether intravenous steroids would result in reduced acute pain and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) among patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library, were searched to identify articles published from database inception to July 2016...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614232/the-efficiency-and-safety-of-dexamethasone-for-pain-control-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Jian Meng, Lin Li
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficiency and safety of dexamethasone administration in total knee and hip arthroplasties. METHODS: Two researchers search the relevant studies independently including Embase (1980-017.04), PubMed (1966-017.04), ScienceDirect (1985-017.04), Web of Science (1950-2017.03), and Cochrane Library for potential relevant studies. After testing for heterogeneity between studies, data were aggregated for random-effects models when necessary...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609383/the-efficiency-of-aggressive-hydration-with-lactated-ringer-solution-for-the-prevention-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Dangyan Wu, Jianhua Wan, Liang Xia, Jie Chen, Yin Zhu, Nonghua Lu
BACKGROUND: As shown in studies, aggressive hydration during the perioperative period of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) effectively prevents post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of aggressive hydration with lactated Ringer solution at preventing PEP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched all relevant research from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, the Web of Science, ClinicalTrial...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606458/is-adductor-canal-block-better-than-femoral-nerve-block-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-grade-analysis-of-the-evidence-through-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Ming-Jie Kuang, Jian-Xiong Ma, Lin Fu, Wei-Wei He, Jie Zhao, Xin-Long Ma
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with intense postoperative pain with a need for early ambulation to gain function and prevent postoperative complications. Compared with femoral nerve block (FNB), adductor canal block (ACB) can relieve postoperative pain and preserve quadriceps muscle strength. This meta-analysis was conducted to investigate which analgesic method provides better pain relief and functional recovery after TKA. METHOD: We conducted a meta-analysis to identify relevant randomized controlled trials involving ACB and FNB after TKA in electronic databases, including Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library, up to November 2016...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
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