Read by QxMD icon Read

Pain science

Sepideh Gareh Sheyklo, Sakineh Hajebrahimi, Ahmad Moosavi, Fatemeh Pournaghi-Azar, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Morteza Ghojazadeh
Background and aim: Entonox was one of the important methods for pain management in the delivery process. In previous years some studies have assessed the effect of this method in Iran. In this regard, the aim of this study was to systematically review studies addressing the effect of Entonox for pain management in labor. Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis study was conducted in 2016. The required data was collected using keywords such as "Entonox", "nitrous oxide", "vaginal delivery", "pain relief", "obstetric", "labor pain", and "labor analgesia", from databases including Google scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Magiran, SID, and Scopus, and hand-searching of related and valid journals and references of articles...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Sylvia L Crowder, Katherine G Douglas, M Yanina Pepino, Kalika P Sarma, Anna E Arthur
PURPOSE: It is estimated that more than 90% of head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors who underwent chemoradiotherapy experience one or more nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) in the months or years thereafter. Despite the high prevalence, there is limited research addressing long-term impact of NIS on outcomes such as nutrition and quality of life in HNC survivors treated with chemoradiotherapy. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: The prevalence and consequences of nutrition impact symptoms are substantial among head and neck cancer survivors beyond the acute phase of cancer treatment...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Nadine Rasenberg, Henrik Riel, Michael S Rathleff, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Marienke van Middelkoop
BACKGROUND: Plantar heel pain (PHP) is common. Foot orthoses are often applied as treatment for PHP, even though there is little evidence to support this. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different orthoses on pain, function and self-reported recovery in patients with PHP and compare them with other conservative interventions. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, CINAHL and Google Scholar up to January 2017...
March 19, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Xiaofei Li, Gang Xu, Wenjin Xie, Shengshan Ma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of dexamethasone versus placebo for pain control in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: The electronic databases include PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from inception to February, 2018. Two reviewers abstracted visual analogue scale (VAS), total narcotic use, length of stay, and adverse effects. Data were using fixed-effects or random-effects models with weighted mean differences and odds ratio for continuous and dichotomous variables, respectively...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Chaowei Guo, Jianxiong Ma, Xinlong Ma, Ying Wang, Lei Sun, Bin Lu, AiXian Tian, Yan Wang, BenChao Dong
BACKGROUND: Intramedullary nailing (IMN) and plate have been reported as two effective devices for treating distal extra-articular fractures. However, reports of complications after fractures with use of different tibial fixation techniques in literatures are controversial. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare IMN with plate for evaluating the safety and efficacy. METHODS: The studies were searched from PubMed, Embase, Web of science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials by two reviewers up to August 2017...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Eatimad Shalabi-Abbas, Saba Dweikat, Israa Al Gazawy, Sajeda Draghmah
BACKGROUND: Menstruation is a natural phenomenon that occurs throughout the reproductive life of every woman. The aim of this study was to explore knowledge and self-care practices among Palestinian adolescent girls during their menstrual period. Reproductive health issues in adolescent girls is an important but neglected area of Palestinian research. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study we recruited girls from grades seven, eight, and nine in the three biggest schools for girls in Nablus district...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Melike Demir Doğan
OBJECTIVE: Pain is one of the most common symptoms and may lead to important psychological, mental, and physiological problems in individuals. According to data by The Center for Reiki Research, Reiki is an effective approach to decrease the levels of pain, depression, and anxiety. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of Reiki on pain level. METHODS: Randomized controlled clinical trials in databases of Pubmed, ISI Web of Sciences, and Google Scholar were investigated...
March 10, 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Charlotte B Winder, Cynthia L Miltenburg, Jan M Sargeant, Stephen J LeBlanc, Derek B Haley, Kerry D Lissemore, M Ann Godkin, Todd F Duffield
Disbudding is a common management procedure performed on dairy farms and, when done without pain mitigation, is viewed as a key welfare issue. Use of pain control has increased in recent years, but full adoption of anesthesia and analgesia by veterinarians or dairy producers has not been achieved. This may in part be due to the lack of a consistent recommendations of treatment protocols between studies examining pain control methods for disbudding. The objective of this systematic review was to examine the effects of these pain control practices for the most common method of disbudding, cautery, on outcomes associated with disbudding pain in calves...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Guiliang Wang, Gui Xiao, Linfang Xu, Ping Qiu, Ting Li, Xiaoli Wang, Ping Wen, Jianbo Wen, Xianzhong Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To perform a meta-analysis of all available studies on the effect of prophylactic somatostatin administration on prevention of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) and post-ERCP hyperamylasemia (PEHA). METHODS: Electronic databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, and the Science Citation Index were searched to retrieve relevant trials. Randomized, placebo-controlled trials in adult patients that compared somatostatin versus placebo in prevention of PEP were included...
March 10, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Respati W Ranakusuma, Yupitri Pitoyo, Eka D Safitri, Sarah Thorning, Elaine M Beller, Sudigdo Sastroasmoro, Chris B Del Mar
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common acute infection in children. Pain is its most prominent and distressing symptom. Antibiotics are commonly prescribed for AOM, although they have only a modest effect in reducing pain at two to three days. There is insufficient evidence for benefits of other treatment options, including systemic corticosteroids. However, systemic corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatory drugs, and so theoretically could be effective, either alone or as an addition to antibiotics...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Shrujal Baxi, Annie Yang, Renee L Gennarelli, Niloufer Khan, Ziwei Wang, Lindsay Boyce, Deborah Korenstein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate rates of serious organ specific immune-related adverse events, general adverse events related to immune activation, and adverse events consistent with musculoskeletal problems for anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) drugs overall and compared with control treatments. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Scopus searched to 16 March 2017 and combined with data from ClinicalTrials...
March 14, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
H T Sun, M Xu, G L Chen, J He
Objective: This study aimed to compare dexmedetomidine with remifentanil for conscious sedation in patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: Sixty patients, who were aged 41 to 73 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status Ⅰ-Ⅱ, and scheduled for elective radiofrequency ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma under conscious sedation in National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, from January 2014 to June 2016, were allocated randomly to receive dexmedetomidine maintenance regimen(group D, n =30)or remifentanil maintenance regimen(group R, n =30)by random digital table...
February 27, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Hal S Stern, Daniel Blower, Michael L Cohen, Charles A Czeisler, David F Dinges, Joel B Greenhouse, Feng Guo, Richard J Hanowski, Natalie P Hartenbaum, Gerald P Krueger, Melissa M Mallis, Richard F Pain, Matthew Rizzo, Esha Sinha, Dylan S Small, Elizabeth A Stuart, David H Wegman
This article summarizes the recommendations on data and methodology issues for studying commercial motor vehicle driver fatigue of a National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine study. A framework is provided that identifies the various factors affecting driver fatigue and relating driver fatigue to crash risk and long-term driver health. The relevant factors include characteristics of the driver, vehicle, carrier and environment. Limitations of existing data are considered and potential sources of additional data described...
March 9, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Zi-Qin Zhao, Jin Xu, Rui-Lin Wang, Li-Na Xu
BACKGROUND: Many studies have proposed synovectomy during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to reduce pain after TKA. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of synovectomy for treating of TKA through a meta-analysis. METHODS: Relevant clinical studies on synovectomy and without synovectomy were retrieved through searching the databases PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up to January 2018. Studies that investigated the comparison of pain scores, total blood loss, range of motion, functional Knee Society Scores (KSSs), clinical KSSs, and operating time and provided sufficient data of interest were included in this meta-analysis...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
C Cumplido-Trasmonte, P Fernández-González, I M Alguacil-Diego, F Molina-Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Tension-type headache is the most common primary headache, with a high prevalence and a considerable socioeconomic impact. Manual physical therapy techniques are widely used in the clinical field to treat the symptoms associated with tension-type headache. This systematic review aims to determine the effectiveness of manual and non-invasive therapies in the treatment of patients with tension-type headache. DEVELOPMENT: We conducted a systematic review of randomised controlled trials in the following databases: Brain, PubMed, Web of Science, PEDro, Scopus, CINAHL, and Science Direct...
March 7, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Lara M de A Coutinho, Wanderley M Bernardo, Rodrigo S Rocha, Fabio R Marinho, Aureo Delgado, Eduardo T H Moura, Sergio E Matuguma, Dalton Chaves, Tomazo A P Franzini, Paulo Sakai, Eduardo G H de Moura
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the treatment of acute biliary pancreatitis, in comparison with conservative treatment. METHODS: Systematic review via databases (MEDLINE [PubMed], Latin-American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database, Embase, Cochrane Central, and the [Brazilian] Regional Library of Medicine) is conducted. We analyzed 10 randomized controlled trials (1091 patients)...
April 2018: Pancreas
Chengjun Sun, Jicheng Sun, Minmin Tan, Bo Hu, Xiang Gao, Jinlin Song
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this systematic review were to compare the incidence and intensity of postoperative pain after single-visit root canal treatment using manual, rotary and reciprocating instruments. METHODS: An extensive literature search in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science was performed to identify investigations that evaluated the effects of different instruments on post-endodontic pain. Meta-analyses and additional analyses, including subgroup and sensitivity analyses, were conducted...
March 7, 2018: Oral Diseases
Yang Wang, Jinsong Wang, Shenming Wang
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, inclisiran was the first agent composed of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to be preliminarily used to reduce proatherogenic lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Inclisiran was evaluated in large clinical trials but did not receive government approval. The ability of inclisiran to reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) greatly improved its chances of becoming a novel therapeutic option for patients with hyperlipidemia. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to summarize the preliminary effectiveness and safety data for inclisiran...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
Aileen Y Chang, Liliana Encinales, Jeffrey M Bethony, Gary L Simon
Supported by the Rheumatology Research Foundation and the NIH (National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences grants UL1-TR-001876 and KL2-TR-001877). We would like to thank Mogami et. al., for sharing their experience with chikungunya virus in the Brazilian context, especially highlighting the possible utility of ultrasound during the sub-acute phase to identify severe or evolving cases of arthritis. Indeed, Doppler ultrasound may be an effective approach to identify patients that might benefit from treatment with disease modifying agents such as methotrexate during the sub-acute phase...
March 7, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
N Y Mapoure, M N Budzi, S A F B Eloumou, A Malongue, C Okalla, H N Luma
BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C infection is a major public health concern, with a high burden in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is growing evidence that chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes neurological complications. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence and factors associated with neurological manifestations in chronic hepatitis C patients. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional design, a semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from consecutive chronic HCV infected patients attending the outpatient gastroenterology unit of the Douala General Hospital (DGH)...
2018: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"