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Gomphrena globosa

Custódio Lobo Roriz, Lillian Barros, M A Prieto, Patricia Morales, Isabel C F R Ferreira
The present study describes a novel mechanical process for the pigmented parts of Gomphrena globosa L. The effects of the variables of the maceration extraction of betacyanins have not been properly described. Therefore, this study also aims to optimize the conditions that maximize betacyanins extraction from G. globosa as an alternative source. Assisted by response surface methodology, an experimental design was developed for testing the extraction variables (time, temperature, ethanol-water proportion and solid-liquid ratio)...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Aneta Spórna-Kucab, Joanna Jagodzińska, Sławomir Wybraniec
Betacyanins, known as antioxidants and chemopreventive natural compounds with colourful properties, were extracted from purple flowers of Gomphrena globosa L. belonging to the Amaranthaceae family and separated for the first time by ion-pair high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC). The pigments were detected by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS technique. Separation of betacyanins (300mg) by HSCCC was accomplished in four solvent systems: tert-butyl methyl ether - butanol - acetonitrile - water (0.7% and 1.0% HFBA - heptafluorobutyric acid - system I and III) and tert-butyl methyl ether - butanol - methanol - water (0...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Aneta Spórna-Kucab, Ewelina Hołda, Sławomir Wybraniec
Antioxidant and possible chemopreventive properties of betacyanins, natural plant pigments, contribute to a growing interest in their chemistry and separation. Mixtures of betacyanins from fresh red Gomphrena globosa L. cultivar flowers were separated in three highly polar solvent systems by high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) for a direct comparison of their separation effectiveness. Three samples of crude extract (600mg) were run on semi-preparative scale in solvent system (NH4)2SO4soln - EtOH (2...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Y N Clement, Y S Baksh-Comeau, C E Seaforth
BACKGROUND: An ethnobotanical survey was conducted on the Caribbean island of Trinidad to identify medicinal plants commonly used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of medical conditions. METHODS: A pilot survey was conducted to identify the top ten most common ailments where medicinal plants were used. The results of the foregoing study guided a wider national survey conducted between October 2007 and July 2008. A total of 450 households from 50 rural communities were interviewed using the TRAMIL (Traditional Medicine in the Islands) questionnaire for data collection...
2015: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
A J Signes-Pastor, S Munera-Picazo, F Burló, M Cano-Lamadrid, A A Carbonell-Barrachina
Several agricultural fields show high contents of arsenic because of irrigation with arsenic-contaminated groundwater. Vegetables accumulate arsenic in their edible parts when grown in contaminated soils. Polluted vegetables are one of the main sources of arsenic in the food chain, especially for people living in rural arsenic endemic villages of India and Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of floriculture in the crop rotation system of arsenic endemic areas of the Bengal Delta...
June 2015: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Custódio Lobo Roriz, Lillian Barros, Ana Maria Carvalho, Celestino Santos-Buelga, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Pterospartum tridentatum (L.) Willk., Gomphrena globosa L. and Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf. are examples of medicinal plants with antioxidant properties on their own, but that can be improved when mixed. In the present work, the antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds were determined in the infusions prepared from the individual plants, and from mixtures of these plants in different proportions. P. tridentatum > C. citratus > G. globosa was the order observed for antioxidant efficacy, which can be related to their different composition in phenolic compounds...
October 15, 2015: Food Chemistry
S Blechschmidt-Schneider, W Eschrich
Pruned source-sink transport systems from predarkened plants of Amaranthus caudatus L. and Gomphrena globosa L. were used to study the localization of (14)C-labeled photosynthate imported into experimentally induced sink leaves by microautoradiography. During a 6-h (Amaranthus) or a 4-h (Gomphrena) transport period, (14)C-assimilates were translocated acropetally from a mature source leaf provided with (14)CO2, into a younger induced sink leaf (dark/-CO2). In addition, a young still-expanding source leaf exposed to (14)CO2 exported (14)C-assimilates basipetally into a mature induced sink leaf (dark/-CO2)...
April 1985: Planta
Luís R Silva, Patrícia Valentão, Joana Faria, Federico Ferreres, Carla Sousa, Angel Gil-Izquierdo, Brígida R Pinho, Paula B Andrade
Gomphrena globosaL. is a popular edible plant used as food colourant and in traditional medicine. In this work, 24 phenolic compounds and eight betacyanins were determined by HPLC-DAD in three different extracts of G. globosa inflorescences. The decoction presented the highest amount of phenolic compounds, kaempferol-3-O-(6-rhamnosyl)hexoside plus kaempferol-3-O-hexoside being the main compounds. The rich betacyanins extract showed isogomphrenin III and gomphrenin III as major metabolites. Decreases in the nitric oxide amounts were observed in LPS-stimulated RAW 264...
November 15, 2012: Food Chemistry
Zainul Akmar Zakaria, Wan Azlina Ahmad, Zainoha Zakaria, Firdausi Razali, Norsuhada Abdul Karim, Mohamad Md Sum, Mohd Saufi Mohd Sidek
The bacterial reduction of Cr(VI) from industrial wastewater was evaluated using a 2.0-m(3) bioreactor. Liquid pineapple waste was used as a nutrient for the biofilm community formed inside the bioreactor. The use of rubber wood sawdust as packing material was able to immobilize more than 10(6) CFU mL(-1) of Acinetobacter haemolyticus cells after 3 days of contact time. Complete reduction of 15-240 mg L(-1) of Cr(VI) was achieved even after 3 months of bioreactor operation. Cr(VI) was not detected in the final effluent fraction indicating complete removal of Cr from solution from the flocculation/coagulation step and the unlikely re-oxidation of Cr(III) into Cr(VI)...
July 2012: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Federico Ferreres, Angel Gil-Izquierdo, Patrícia Valentão, Paula B Andrade
The metabolite profiling of Gomphrena globosa inflorescences was performed by high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection/electrospray ionization multi-stage mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS(n)). Based on the fragmentation patterns, 24 phenolic compounds were characterized. The identified phenolics include p-coumaric and ferulic acids, quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, and hydroxylated 6,7-methylenedioxyflavone derivatives, as well as their aglycones, none of them reported before in the species...
November 30, 2011: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Donald A Hunter, John D Fletcher, Kevin M Davies, Huaibi Zhang
BACKGROUND: Daffodils (Narcissus pseudonarcissus) are one of the world's most popular ornamentals. They also provide a scientific model for studying the carotenoid pigments responsible for their yellow and orange flower colours. In reverse bicolour daffodils, the yellow flower trumpet fades to white with age. The flowers of this type of daffodil are particularly prone to colour break whereby, upon opening, the yellow colour of the perianth is observed to be 'broken' into patches of white...
2011: Virology Journal
Seil Jung, Jai-Heon Lee, Young-Choon Lee, Hyung-In Moon
The study evaluated the anticomplement activity from various solvent extracts of nine Amarantaceae plants (Achyranthes japonica (Miq.) Nakai, Amaranthus mangostanus L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., Amaranthus spinosus L., Celosia argentea var. spicata., Amaranthus lividus L., Celosia cristata L., Amaranthus viridis L., Gomphrena globosa L.) from South Korea on the classical pathway. We have evaluated various organic solvent extract from nine Amarantaceae plants with regard to its anticomplement activity on the classical pathway...
April 2012: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
J Th J Verhoeven, J W Roenhorst, R A Owens
Tomato planta macho viroid (TPMVd) and Mexican papita viroid (MPVd) are two closely related (>90% sequence identity) members of the genus Pospiviroid. Their current status as members of separate species is based upon the reported ability of TPMVd to replicate in Gomphrena globosa and the inability of this viroid to evoke flower break in N. glutinosa. Characterization of a viroid recently isolated from diseased tomato plants grown in Mexico (identical to GenBank accession GQ131573) casts doubt on this earlier report and indicates that these viroids should be classified as members of a single species...
August 2011: Archives of Virology
Amit Gal-On
UNLABELLED: SUMMARY Taxonomy: Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) is a member of genus Potyvirus, family Potyviridae. ZYMV is a positive-strand RNA virus. Physical properties: Virions are flexuous filaments of 680-730 nm in length and 11-13 nm in diameter, composed of about 2000 subunits of a single 31-kDa protein (calculated). The genome RNA size is 9.6 kb covalently linked to a viral-encoded protein (the VPg) at the 5' end, and with a 3' poly A tail. The 5' end of the sequence is AU-rich (69%)...
March 2007: Molecular Plant Pathology
Suzane Margaret Fank-de-Carvalho, Misléia Rodrigues de Aguiar Gomes, Pedro Italo Tanno Silva, Sônia Nair Báo
The leaf structure and micromorphology characterize plant species and reflex its interactions with the environment. Leaf epidermis sculptures aid high transpiration plants on light reflection. The form and distribution of epicuticular wax crystalloids are important to characterize the surface. Aiming to know the micromorphology and the ultrastructure of G. arborescens, G. pohlii and G. virgata, leaves of these Cerrado native species were collected in Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil, at the Olympic Center of the Universidade de Brasília and at Reserva Ecológica do Roncador...
April 2010: Biocell: Official Journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... Et. Al
Ying-Feng Niu, Chun-Mei Han, Yun Shao, Yan-Duo Tao
Eight trace elements such as Ca, Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn, K, Mg and Na in twelve kinds of flower medicines were determined by flame-atomic absorption spectrometry with air-acetylene flame. The flower medicines include Pueraria lobata Ohwi., Gomphrena globosa L., Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat., Prunus persica (L.) Batsch., Canna indica L., Pyrus bretschneideri Rehd P. spp, Rosa chinensis Jacq., Celosia cristata L., Sophora japonica L., Saussurea medusa Maxim. , Iris lactea var. chinensis (Fisch.) koidz. and Gentiana straminea Maxim...
July 2009: Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi, Guang Pu
F S Abtahi, M Khodai Motlagh
Tobacco streak virus (TSV) is an ilarvirus with a worldwide distribution. This virus infects many plants and causes significant yield losses. In this study, 300 samples of lettuce were collected from lettuce fields in Tehran Province. Infected plants show symptoms such as: mosaic, vein clearing, vein necrosis, yellowing and leaf distortion. DAS-ELISA (Double Antibody Sandwich-ELISA) was used with a polyclonal antiserum against TSV. Five isolates (T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5), which are collected, respectively from Mohammad Abad (Karaj), Malek Abad (Karaj), Hashtgerd (Karaj), Tarand Balla (Varamin) and Deh mah sin (Pishva) were inoculated on 29 species of Cucurbitaceae, Amaranthaceae, Solanacea, Compositae, Leguminosae and Chenopodiacea...
May 1, 2009: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
Ian P Adams, Rachel H Glover, Wendy A Monger, Rick Mumford, Elena Jackeviciene, Meletele Navalinskiene, Marija Samuitiene, Neil Boonham
A novel, unbiased approach to plant viral disease diagnosis has been developed which requires no a priori knowledge of the host or pathogen. Next-generation sequencing coupled with metagenomic analysis was used to produce large quantities of cDNA sequence in a model system of tomato infected with Pepino mosaic virus. The method was then applied to a sample of Gomphrena globosa infected with an unknown pathogen originally isolated from the flowering plant Liatris spicata. This plant was found to contain a new cucumovirus, for which we suggest the name 'Gayfeather mild mottle virus'...
July 2009: Molecular Plant Pathology
Iram Ghaffar, Basharat Ali, Shahida Hasnain
The main aim of this study was to observe the effect of different hormonal combinations on regeneration of callus of Gomphrena globosa L. For this purpose callus was obtained from seeds G. globosa inoculated on MS medium supplemented with 4 mg L(-1) 2, 4-D and 10% coconut milk. After callus formation callus was inoculated on Murashige and Skoog's medium supplemented with different combinations of BAP, NAA and GA3 to observe different responses such as regeneration, callus friability, callus proliferation and pigmentation...
October 15, 2007: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
B Ormaz, S Winter, M Koohi-Habibi, Gh Mosahebi, K Izadpanah
Lettuce mosaic virus (LMV) is one of the most damaging viruses in lettuce and endive cultivating regions. In order to review the characteristics of different LMV isolates of Iran during 2004-2005 samples were collected from lettuce fields in Esfahan, Ghom, Khorasan, Khuzestan and Tehran provinces. All of the isolates were detected by LMV polyclonal antiserum (AS-0155, DSMZ Germany) in ELISA and TIPA tests. Biological purification was done for the LMV isolates and then they were maintained and propagated on Chenopodium quinoa...
2006: Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences
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