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helicobacter pylori eradication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312558/hyperglycemia-combined-helicobacter-pylori-infection-increases-risk-of-synchronous-colorectal-adenoma-and-carotid-artery-plaque
#1
Kuang-Chun Hu, Ming-Shiang Wu, Cheng-Hsin Chu, Horng-Yuan Wang, Shee-Chan Lin, Helen L Po, Ming-Jong Bair, Chuan-Chuan Liu, Tung-Hung Su, Chi-Ling Chen, Chun-Jen Liu, Shou-Chuan Shih
Background: Cardiovascular disease and colorectal cancer have severe consequences to human health and may occur simultaneously or sequentially. Carotid artery plaque is a predictor of cardiovascular disease, and colorectal adenoma is a premalignant lesion of colorectal cancer. We investigated the core risk factors of carotid artery plaque and colorectal adenoma. Results: In total, 2361 subjects were enrolled. In multivariate analysis, age ≥ 60 years, male sex, BMI > 27, LDL > 130 mg/dL, HbA1c ≥ 6...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306868/gastritis-staging-in-the-endoscopic-follow-up-for-the-secondary-prevention-of-gastric-cancer-a-5-year-prospective-study-of-1755-patients
#2
Massimo Rugge, Alberto Meggio, Cecilia Pravadelli, Mattia Barbareschi, Matteo Fassan, Maria Gentilini, Manuel Zorzi, Giovanni De Pretis, David Y Graham, Robert M Genta
OBJECTIVE: Operative link on gastritis assessment (OLGA) staging for gastritis ranks the risk for gastric cancer (GC) in progressive stages (0-IV). This prospective study aimed at quantifying the cancer risk associated with each gastritis stage. DESIGN: A cohort of 1755 consecutive patients with dyspepsia underwent initial (T-0) oesophagogastroduodenoscopy with mapped gastric biopsies, OLGA staging and assessment of Helicobacter pylori infection. Patients were followed for 55 months (median); patients with stages II III and IV underwent a second endoscopy/restaging (T-1), and those with stages 0 and I were followed clinically and through in-depth clinical and record checking...
January 6, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298370/eradication-rate-of-helicobacter-pylori-on-the-us-mexico-border-using-the-urea-breath-test
#3
Roy P Liu, Roberta Romero, Jerzy Sarosiek, Christopher Dodoo, Alok K Dwivedi, Marc J Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: Helicobacter pylori is prevalent worldwide, especially in Latin America. Triple and quadruple antibiotic therapies have been relatively effective; however, resistance has emerged in recent years. The treatment success rate of these regimens on the border of the United States and Mexico is unknown. Our study attempted to determine eradication rates of two major regimens based on urea breath test (UBT) results in patients previously diagnosed as having H. pylori in a single center in El Paso, Texas, a city on the geographic border with Mexico...
January 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291198/effect-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-on-elder-cases-observational-study-in-community-based-medicine
#4
Masaki Maruyama, Kenya Kamimura, Ayako Hoshiyama, Koki Hoshiyama, Mari Hoshiyama, Yoshihiro Hoshiyama, Shuji Terai
AIM: To examine the effect of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication therapy on the extra-gastrointestinal factors in elderly patients by a before-after observational study in community medicine. METHODS: Medical records (1 May 2013-31 January 2014) of 130 patients who underwent H. pylori eradication therapy with 2-year after-eradication observation in our institute were reviewed. Data on sex; age; body weight; body mass index (BMI); mean corpuscular volume (MCV); total protein; low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, haemoglobin A1c and haemoglobin levels and gastric hyperplastic polyps (GHPs) at eradication was extracted...
December 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282636/vonoprazan-a-novel-and-potent-alternative-in-the%C3%A2-treatment-of-acid-related-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Xiaoxiao Yang, Yueyue Li, Yiyuan Sun, Mingming Zhang, Chuanguo Guo, Iqtida Ahmed Mirza, Yan-Qing Li
Although proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been used widely, acid-related diseases are still associated with a huge burden on the health care system. Recently, the efficacy and safety of a new acid suppressant named vonoprazan in the treatment of acid-related diseases have been evaluated by a series of studies. As a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker, vonoprazan may provide reversible acid suppression by preventing K+ from binding to gastric H+/K+-ATPase. It has been clinically used for the short-term treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcer disease and Helicobacter pylori (H...
December 27, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279510/prevalence-of-multiple-white-and-flat-elevated-lesions-in-individuals-undergoing-a-medical-checkup
#6
Kyoichi Adachi, Tomoko Mishiro, Mayumi Okada, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
Objective The pathogenesis of multiple white and flat elevated lesions in the stomach has not been elucidated. We investigated the prevalence of such lesions and their characteristics in affected individuals. Methods The subjects were 1,995 individuals (1,320 men, 675 women; mean age 54.2±9.5 years) who visited our medical center for a comprehensive annual medical checkup and in whom the status of Helicobacter pylori infection could be determined. The presence of multiple white and flat elevated lesions in the stomach and the degree of gastric mucosal atrophy were evaluated using endoscopic findings...
December 27, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251014/amaranth-oil-reduces-accumulation-of-4-hydroxynonenal-histidine-adducts-in-gastric-mucosa-and-improves-heart-rate-variability-in-duodenal-peptic-ulcer-patients-undergoing-helicobacter-pylori-eradication
#7
Andriy Cherkas, Kamelija Zarkovic, Ana Čipak, Morana Jaganjac, Lidija Milković, Orest Abrahamovych, Ostap Yatskevych, Georg Waeg, Olha Yelisyeyeva, Neven Zarkovic
Helicobacter pylori-induced oxidative stress in gastric mucosa (GM) is a milieu for the development of chronic gastritis, duodenal peptic ulcer (DPU), gastric cancer and a number of extragastric diseases. Because our previous study revealed the accumulation of the protein adducts of lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) in GM, which persists after eradication of H. pylori, the aim of the study was to test whether Amaranth oil supplementation in addition to standard anti-Helicobacter treatment could prevent such accumulation of HNE in GM in H...
December 17, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249102/-relation-between-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-chronic-urticaria
#8
Adianez Sugrañes-Montalván, Eduardo Barreto-Suárez, Elizabeth Nicolau-Pestana, Lidyce Quesada-Leyva
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria is a frequent disease that affects the quality of life of patients. Helicobacter pylori infection has increased in the world, linking current studies with a link between both entities. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between chronic urticaria and Helicobacter pylori infection. METHODS: An observational cohort study was conducted with the objective of demonstrating the relationship between chronic urticaria and Helicobacter pylori infection in the allergology clinic of the Hospital Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" in the province of Camagüey, Cuba, in the period from January 2015 to December of 2016...
October 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247066/helicobacter-pylori-eradication-failure-may-have-confounded-the-recent-large-scale-health-database-study-that-showed-proton-pump-inhibitors-increase-gastric-cancer-risk
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235736/primary-and-secondary-antibiotic-resistance-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-israeli-children-and-adolescents
#10
Michal Kori, Jacob Yahav, Rita Berdinstein, Haim Shmuely
BACKGROUND: Empiric treatment for Helicobacter pylori is influenced by antibiotic susceptibility of infecting strains. A rise in the resistance rate to clarithromycin and metronidazole has been reported in pediatric populations. OBJECTIVES: To assess the primary and secondary antibiotic resistance of H. pylori isolates in Israeli children and adolescents. METHODS: A retrospective review of H. pylori isolates cultured from antral biopsies of consecutive children aged 1 to 18 years, who were referred to the Pediatric Gastroenterology Unit, Kaplan Medical Center, over a 2...
December 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233672/time-latencies-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-after-peptic-ulcer-and-risk-of-recurrent-ulcer-ulcer-adverse-events-and-gastric-cancer-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Emma Sverdén, Nele Brusselaers, Karl Wahlin, Jesper Lagergren
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) is associated with peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. AIM: To test how various lengths of delays in H pylori eradication therapy influence the risk of recurrent peptic ulcer, ulcer adverse events and gastric cancer. METHODS: This population-based nationwide Swedish cohort study included 29,032 patients receiving H pylori eradication therapy after peptic ulcer disease in 2005-2013. Pre-defined time intervals between date of peptic ulcer diagnosis and date of eradication therapy were analysed in relation to study outcomes...
December 9, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232943/effect-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-on-the-regression-of-gastric-polyps-in-national-cancer-screening-program
#12
Su Youn Nam, Bum Joon Park, Kum Hei Ryu, Ji Hyung Nam
Background/Aims: Western guidelines recommend Helicobacter pylori eradication in H. pylori-associated gastric polyps; however, there is no standard guideline in Korea. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of H. pylori eradication on the regression of gastric hyperplastic polyps in National Cancer Screening Cohort, representative of general population. Methods: Among participants in National Cancer Screening Program, subjects who had H. pylori positive gastric hyperplastic polyps less than 10 mm and underwent follow-up endoscopy and H...
December 14, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225907/changes-in-the-gut-microbiota-composition-and-the-plasma-ghrelin-level-in-patients-with-helicobacter-pylori-infected-patients-with-eradication-therapy
#13
Hidetaka Yanagi, Ayumi Tsuda, Masashi Matsushima, Shunsuke Takahashi, Genki Ozawa, Yasuhiro Koga, Atsushi Takagi
Objective: To investigate the influence of antimicrobials on both the gut microbiota structure and the plasma ghrelin level using Helicobacter pylori-infected patients who underwent eradication therapy. Design: Twenty H. pylori-infected patients (mean age 68.3 years old) who underwent eradication therapy participated in the study. For the therapy, patients had 1 week of triple therapy consisting of amoxicillin, clarithromycin and proton-pump inhibitors. Stool and blood samples were obtained before (S1), immediately after (S2) and/or 3 months after (S3) the therapies...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225256/gastric-adenocarcinoma-of-the-fundic-gland-type-after-endoscopic-therapy-for-metachronous-gastric-cancer-a-case-report
#14
Hitoshi Kino, Masakazu Nakano, Akira Kanamori, Tsunehiro Suzuki, Yoshihito Kaneko, Chieko Tsuchida, Kouhei Tsuchida, Keiichi Tominaga, Takako Sasai, Hidetsugu Yamagishi, Yasuo Imai, Hideyuki Hiraishi
A 78-year-old man underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric adenocarcinoma twice in 2009 and 2014. Between the procedures, he successfully completed Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy. In May 2015, upper endoscopy screening showed two elevated lesions on the gastric fundus, and en bloc resection by ESD was performed. We histopathologically diagnosed the patient to have gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type. In this case, the two lesions of gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type multifocally developed after ESD for metachronous gastric tubular adenocarcinoma...
December 8, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221216/probiotics-in-14-day-triple-therapy-for-asian-pediatric-patients-with-helicobacter-pylori-infection-a-network-meta-analysis
#15
Juanjuan Wen, Pailan Peng, Pengfei Chen, Lirong Zeng, Qinghua Pan, Wenbin Wei, Jianhua He
Although 14-day triple therapy has been widely administrated for eradicating Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in Asia, its antibiotic-associated side effects restrict the effectivity of eradication therapy in pediatric patients. Therefore, a network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of probiotics supplemented in 14-day triple therapy in Asian pediatric patients. Materials and Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved comprehensively in electronic databases (such as PubMed, Cochrane library, Embase, CNKI, Wan fang database, VIP database and CBM) until April 2017...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219812/helicobacter-pylori-resistance-in-the-netherlands-a-growing-problem
#16
R Ruiter, H F Wunderink, R A Veenendaal, L G Visser, M G J de Boer
Helicobacter pylori infection is clinically associated with dyspepsia, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and gastric cancer. Increasing antimicrobial resistance in H. pylori is a worldwide problem and failure of eradication with standard triple therapy (high-dose proton pump inhibition, amoxicillin and clarithromycin) is directly related to the presence of a resistant strain. Other treatment combinations have been investigated, but with inconsistent results. Based on a review of the recent literature in conjunction with an analysis of the regional resistance data, we address the increasing complexity of H...
November 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218793/anti-proliferation-effect-of-blue-light-emitting-diodes-against-antibiotic-resistant-helicobacter-pylori
#17
Jianwei Ma, Takahiro Hiratsuka, Tsuyoshi Etoh, Junko Akada, Hajime Fujishima, Norio Shiraishi, Yoshio Yamaoka, Masafumi Inomata
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Infection by Helicobacter pylori is implicated in a wide range of upper gastrointestinal diseases. Owing to the rapid emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of H. pylori, the development of novel treatment modalities for antibiotic-resistant H. pylori infection is a key priority. Blue light-emitting diodes (LED) may represent a unique option owing to their antimicrobial effect. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the anti-proliferative effect of blue LED against antibiotic-resistant H...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218061/a-comparative-study-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-two-eradication-regimens-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#18
Carmen Monica Preda, Doina Proca, Irina Sandra, Larisa Elena Fulger, Boroka Claudia Horeanga, Mircea Manuc, Teodora Manuc, Catalin Andrei Dutei, Mihaela Barbu, Letitia Tugui, Adriana-Corina Andrei, Bogdan Ionut Slavulete, Mircea Diculescu
Introduction: Helicobacter pylori infection is one of the most frequent diseases around the world, affecting about half of the world population. The infection is known to be associated with upper gastrointestinal diseases. The aim of this paper is to identify which of the following two first-line therapy options (ECA vs ECM - see abbreviations below) is more efficient and to assess the improvement in the quality of life among these patients. Material and Methods: 96 patients with proven Helicobacter pylori infection were divided in two treatment groups, as follows: 47 patients received a 10-day triple therapy with esomeprazole 80 mg/day, amoxicillin 2000 mg/day and clarithromycin 1000 mg/day (ECA) and the rest of 49 received a 10-day sequential therapy: esomeprazole 40 mg and amoxicillin 1000 mg twice daily for five days, followed by esomeprazole 40 mg, clarithromycin 500 mg and metronidazole 500 mg (ECM) twice daily for another five days...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216843/evaluation-of-the-visibility-of-early-gastric-cancer-using-linked-color-imaging-and-blue-laser-imaging
#19
Yoshikazu Yoshifuku, Yoji Sanomura, Shiro Oka, Mio Kurihara, Takeshi Mizumoto, Tomohiro Miwata, Yuji Urabe, Toru Hiyama, Shinji Tanaka, Kazuaki Chayama
BACKGROUND: Blue laser imaging (BLI) and linked color imaging (LCI) are the color enhancement features of the LASEREO endoscopic system, which provide a narrow band light observation function and expansion and reduction of the color information, respectively. METHODS: We examined 82 patients with early gastric cancer (EGC) diagnosed between April 2014 and August 2015. Five expert and 5 non-expert endoscopists retrospectively compared images obtained on non-magnifying BLI bright mode (BLI-BRT) and LCI with those obtained via conventional white light imaging (WLI)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214879/inappropriate-treatment-in-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-failure-a-retrospective-study
#20
Huiyi Li, Xiao Liang, Qi Chen, Wei Zhang, Hong Lu
BACKGROUND: In recent years, success rates of empirical H. pylori therapies have fallen in many countries. Although antibiotic resistance and poor adherence are described as the main factors for treatment failure, in China, iatrogenic factors also play an important role. OBJECTIVE: To investigate why patients experienced multiple failures, we performed a retrospective, single center study using questionnaires to identify causes of treatment failure other than antibiotic resistance...
December 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
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