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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527529/image-guided-ablation-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#1
REVIEW
T M Wah
This review article aims to provide an overview of image-guided ablation of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) since it was first introduced in 1998. This will cover the background and rationale behind its development; an overview of the evidence for current thermal technology, such as heat-based, e.g., radiofrequency ablation (RFA), microwave ablation (MWA), and cold-based energies, e.g., cryoablation used; and summarise the published evidence regarding its treatment efficacy and oncological outcome. In addition, it aims to provide an insight into the potential role of the new non-thermal ablative technology, e...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525934/parathyroid-hormone-levels-predict-long-term-outcome-after-operative-management-of-parathyroid-cancer
#2
Andreas Machens, Kerstin Lorenz, Henning Dralle
The role of parathyroid hormone (PTH) serum levels for prediction of outcome is ill defined for parathyroid cancer, which is a very rare disease. This investigation of 17 consecutive patients with parathyroid cancer, (re-)operated on at a tertiary referral center between 1994 and July 2016, with a mean follow-up of 179.6 months (15 years) aimed to clarify the suitability of PTH serum levels for prediction of clinical outcome after comprehensive operative management of parathyroid cancer. Cancer-specific mortality occurred significantly more often with the performance of sternotomy before or at first operation at this institution (80 vs...
May 19, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524909/nonpharmacologic-pain-interventions-a-review-of-evidence-based-practices-for-reducing-chronic-cancer-pain%C3%A2
#3
Linda H Eaton, Jeannine M Brant, Karen McLeod, Chao Yeh
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common issue for patients with cancer and can be challenging to manage effectively. Healthcare professionals need to be knowledgeable about evidence-based nonpharmacologic interventions.
. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review critically appraises the strength and quality of the empirical evidence for nonpharmacologic interventions in reducing chronic cancer pain.
. METHODS: Intervention studies were critically appraised and summarized by an Oncology Nursing Society Putting Evidence Into Practice team of RNs, advanced practice nurses, and nurse scientists...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524908/cancer-related-pain-assessment-and-management-with-putting-evidence-into-practice-interventions%C3%A2
#4
Jeannine M Brant, Linda H Eaton, Margaret M Irwin
Many evidence-based pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic strategies exist to manage acute, chronic, refractory, and breakthrough cancer pain. This supplement includes an overview of cancer pain assessment, which is the foundation of pain management. Following the overview are four systematic reviews covering 462 studies on cancer pain management. The Oncology Nursing Society Putting Evidence Into Practice (PEP) expert panel summarized the evidence and provided recommendations for practice based on PEP guidelines...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524904/metastatic-lung-cancer-and-distress-use-of-the-distress-thermometer-for-patient-assessment
#5
Victoria Sherry, Carmen Guerra, Anjana Ranganathan, Susan M Schneider
BACKGROUND: Patients with metastatic lung cancer experience high levels of distress related to their disease trajectory and treatment. Oncology nurses are experts in patient care and symptom management, giving them an opportunity to screen and treat patients' distress.
. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to screen patients for distress and manage their symptoms to positively affect their quality of life, treatment adherence, and clinical outcomes, and to reduce healthcare costs...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524903/hyperglycemia-and-cancer-an-algorithm-to-guide-oncology-nurses%C3%A2
#6
Veronica Sampayo, Cindy Tofthagen
BACKGROUND: A dual diagnosis of cancer and hyperglycemia has demonstrated untoward effects on patients' cancer treatment, prognosis, and survival. 
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this evidence-based project is to improve knowledge and awareness of the consequences of hyperglycemia in patients with cancer, increasing nurses' capability to effectively intervene. In addition, a clinical algorithm based on current evidence was developed and is presented.
. METHODS: An educational program was developed and pilot tested...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524893/compassion-fatigue-exploring-early-career-oncology-nurses-experiences%C3%A2
#7
Brooke A Finley, Kate G Sheppard
BACKGROUND: Oncology nurses have a higher risk and rate of compassion fatigue (CF) compared to professionals in other specialties. CF exhibits tangible negative outcomes, affecting nurses' health and professional practice.
. OBJECTIVES: Early-career oncology nurses' unique CF experiences lack thorough scientific exploration. This secondary analysis seeks to qualitatively augment this paucity and illuminate targeted interventions.
. METHODS: Open-ended interviews were conducted with five early-career inpatient oncology nurses...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524889/complicated-grief-risk-factors-interventions-and-resources-for-oncology-nurses
#8
Cindy S Tofthagen, Kevin Kip, Ann Witt, Susan C McMillan
BACKGROUND: When a loved one dies of cancer, complicated grief (CG) may occur because of the trauma associated with family caregivers' perceptions of their loved one's suffering, either from advanced cancer or from side effects of cancer treatment.
. OBJECTIVES: This article provides an overview of CG and existing interventions for family caregivers who may be at risk for CG following the loss of a loved one and the implications for oncology nurses who provide emotional support and guidance...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520651/laparoscopic-management-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-critical-reappraisal
#9
David Fuks, Luca Aldrighetti, Long R Jiao, Go Wakabayashi, Paolo Limongelli
Following the introduction of the first laparoscopic liver resection, after ∼25 years, a critical reappraisal seems to be warranted. Liver resection represents the first choice for curing early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) allowing a curative chance also in selected patients with intermediate stage tumors. The criteria for liver resectability by laparoscopy remains the same for open surgery, which is oncological criteria (absence of extrahepatic tumor location; completely resectable R0 resection), anatomic (resectability of involved segment with its own blood surely and biliary drainage; absence of vascular invasion of portal or hepatic veins) and technical (possibility to leave in place a residual volume ≥40%)...
May 17, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516202/-plastic-reconstruction-of-radiation-injuries
#10
P M Vogt, T R Mett, C Henkenberens, C Radtke, R Ipaktchi
In addition to surgical and drug therapy, radiotherapy (or radiation therapy) is one of the three mainstays of modern oncological therapy regimes. It uses ionizing radiation to control tumors by damaging the DNA of cancerous tissue leading to cellular death. Although advances have been made in recent years resulting in a reduced dosage to the surrounding tissues, radiation injuries and tissue-related side effects cannot be completely avoided. Knowledge of the pathophysiology, treatment modalities and interdisciplinary treatment approaches are essential for effective therapy whilst limiting side effects...
May 17, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514888/seeing-is-believing-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-a-complex-intervention-to-improve-care-towards-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-interview-study
#11
Katherine Bristowe, Irene Carey, Adrian Hopper, Susanna Shouls, Wendy Prentice, Irene J Higginson, Jonathan Koffman
BACKGROUND: Methods to improve care, trust and communication are important in acute hospitals. Complex interventions aimed at improving care of patients approaching the end of life are increasingly common. While evaluating outcomes of complex interventions is essential, exploring healthcare professionals' perceptions is also required to understand how they are interpreted; this can inform training, education and implementation strategies to ensure fidelity and consistency in use. AIM: To explore healthcare professionals' perceptions of using a complex intervention (AMBER care bundle) to improve care for people approaching the end of life and their understandings of its purpose within clinical practice...
May 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514801/psychoonkologische-betreuung-von-patienten-mit-kopf-hals-tumoren
#12
Roland Moschen, David Riedl
The aim of psychooncological interventions are to facilitate coping with the disease, to improve the psychological well-being and quality of life of the cancer patients as well as the strengthening of personal and social resources.Apart from general strain going along with oncological diseases and its treatment, patients with head and neck cancer often also suffer from impairment of the most basic human functions (speech, swallowing, food intake).Patients with head and neck cancer are one of the most distressed and burdened groups of cancer patients...
May 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510760/what-factors-hinder-the-decision-making-process-for-women-with-cancer-and-contemplating-fertility-preservation-treatment
#13
Georgina Jones, Jane Hughes, Neda Mahmoodi, Emily Smith, Jonathan Skull, William Ledger
BACKGROUND: Although fertility preservation (FP) treatment options have increased, the existing evidence suggests that many women with cancer do not feel well supported in making these decisions, but find them stressful and complex and fail to take up fertility care at this crucial time. Whilst existing reviews have all made important contributions to our understanding of the FP decision-making process, none of them examine solely and specifically these processes for women of reproductive age with a diagnosis of any cancer, leaving a gap in the knowledge base...
May 16, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509614/the-impact-of-pharmacist-telephone-calls-after-discharge-on-satisfaction-of-oncology-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Sewar S Salmany, Lujeen Ratrout, Abdallah Amireh, Randa Agha, Noor Nassar, Nour Mahmoud, Dalia Rimawi, Lama Nazer
Purpose The aim of the study was to determine the impact of telephone follow-up calls on satisfaction in oncology patients after hospital discharge. Method A randomized controlled study, in which patients were randomized into two groups: The experimental group with the telephone follow-up (TFU) calls (intervention) and the control group (no intervention). The telephone follow-up call was conducted within 72 h after discharge. During the call, patients were asked about their medications, namely, whether they received them, understood how to take them, and whether they developed any medication-related adverse effect...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508348/cost-analysis-of-minimally-invasive-radical-hysterectomy-for-cervical-cancer-performed-by-a-single-surgeon-in-an-italian-center-an-update-in-gynecologic-oncological-field
#15
Antonio Pellegrino, Gianluca Raffaello Damiani, Giorgio Fachechi, Cecilia Pirovano, Maria Gaetani, Aly Youssef
The objective of this study is to perform an economic analysis and examine the influence of procedural volume of our hospital, evaluating the accounting systems of Robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) vs Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) in patients with cervical carcinoma, due to the costs widely variable and lack in literature. Costs were collected prospectively, from March 2010 to March 2016. Direct costs were determined by examining the overall medical pathway for each type of intervention. 52 patients with cervical carcinoma, which were matched by age, body mass index, tumor size, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, comorbidity, previous neoadjuvant chemotherapy, histology type, and tumor grade to obtain homogeneous samples...
May 15, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507049/models-in-translational-oncology-a-public-resource-database-for-preclinical-cancer-research
#16
REVIEW
Claudia Galuschka, Rumyana Proynova, Benjamin Roth, Hellmut G Augustin, Karin Müller-Decker
The devastating diseases of human cancer are mimicked in basic and translational cancer research by a steadily increasing number of tumor models, a situation requiring a platform with standardized reports to share model data. Models in Translational Oncology (MiTO) database was developed as a unique Web platform aiming for a comprehensive overview of preclinical models covering genetically engineered organisms, models of transplantation, chemical/physical induction, or spontaneous development, reviewed here...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506543/implementing-a-pharmacist-led-individualized-medication-assessment-and-planning-imap-intervention-to-reduce-medication-related-problems-among-older-adults-with-cancer
#17
Ginah Nightingale, Emily Hajjar, Laura T Pizzi, Margaret Wang, Elizabeth Pigott, Shannon Doherty, Katherine M Prioli, Kristine Swartz, Andrew E Chapman
OBJECTIVES: Medication-related problems (MRP) affecting older adults are a significant healthcare concern and account for billions in medication-related morbidity. Cancer therapies can increase the prevalence of MRP. The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and effectiveness of implementing a pharmacist-led individualized medication assessment and planning (iMAP) intervention on the number and prevalence of MRP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective pilot study enrolled oncology outpatients aged ≥65years...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506305/effect-of-chemotherapy-counseling-by-pharmacists-on-quality-of-life-and-psychological-outcomes-of-oncology-patients-in-malaysia-a-randomized-control-trial
#18
Ummavathy Periasamy, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Lekhraj Rampal, Siti Irma Fadhilah, Mehrnoosh Akhtari-Zavare, Rozi Mahmud
BACKGROUND: Cancer is now becoming a leading cause of death. Chemotherapy is an important treatment for cancer patients. These patients also need consultation during their treatment to improve quality of life and decrease psychological disorders. The objectives of the study were to develop, implement and evaluate the effectiveness of a chemotherapy counseling module by pharmacists among oncology patients on their quality of life and psychological outcomes in Malaysia. METHOD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial was carried out among 162 oncology patients undergoing chemotherapy from July 2013 to February 2014 in a government hospital with oncology facilities in Malaysia...
May 15, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505118/communicatively-constructing-the-bright-and-dark-sides-of-hope-family-caregivers-experiences-during-end-of-life-cancer-care
#19
Jody Koenig Kellas, Katherine M Castle, Alexis Johnson, Marlene Z Cohen
(1) Background: The communication of hope is complicated, particularly for family caregivers in the context of cancer who struggle to maintain hope for themselves and their loved ones in the face of terminality. In order to understand these complexities, the current study examines the bright and dark sides of how hope is communicated across the cancer journey from the vantage point of bereaved family caregivers; (2) Methods: We analyzed interviews with bereaved family caregivers using qualitative thematic and case oriented strategies to identify patterns in the positive and negative lived experiences when communicating about hope at the end of life; (3) Results: Two overarching patterns of hope emerged...
May 15, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504550/liver-abscesses-factors-that-influence-outcome-of-percutaneous-drainage
#20
Steffen J Haider, Massimo Tarulli, Nancy J McNulty, Eric K Hoffer
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the details of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) of pyogenic liver abscesses, the etiologic factors, and the management techniques that contribute to successful treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 75 consecutively registered patients who underwent PCD of 96 abscesses at a single institution between May 2009 and May 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-nine patients (52%) were oncology patients, and 36 (48%) had recently undergone abdominal surgery...
May 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
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