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feline myocardial

Elena Carretón, Rodrigo Morchón, José Alberto Montoya-Alonso
In heartworm disease, several biomarkers of cardiopulmonary injury and inflammatory activity have been studied during the recent years. D-dimer is a fibrin degradation product present after a clot is degraded, which has been reported to provide support for the diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism in heartworm disease. Furthermore, concentrations increment with increased disease severity and during the adulticide treatment. This increase in concentration has proved to be valuable. Cardiac biomarkers troponin I, myoglobin and NT-proBNP demonstrated presence of myocardial injury and heart failure, especially in chronic infections, which in some cases, slightly improve after the adulticide treatment...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Valentine Prat, Bertrand Rozec, Chantal Gauthier, Benjamin Lauzier
Cardiovascular affections are a growing health burden in human populations. Recent advances in cardiology have improved treatments and outcomes for myocardial infarction and arrhythmias, but other conditions still remain poorly understood. To date, the classical approach to study cardiovascular diseases involves rodent models, despite their strong differences with human cardiac physiology. In this context, this review will focus on the common traits between human and feline cardiac diseases, namely heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and feline cardiomyopathies, respectively...
November 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
N J Pereira, J Novo Matos, M Baron Toaldo, U Bartoszuk, N Summerfield, A Riederer, C Reusch, T M Glaus
Diabetes mellitus (DM) can result in cardiovascular dysfunction and heart failure characterized by diastolic dysfunction with or without the presence of systolic dysfunction in people and laboratory animals. The objective of this prospective study was to determine if cats with newly diagnosed DM had myocardial dysfunction and, if present, whether it would progress if appropriate antidiabetic therapy was commenced. Thirty-two diabetic cats were enrolled and received baseline echocardiographic examination; of these, 15 cats were re-examined after 6 months...
July 2017: Veterinary Journal
Laura McEndaffer, Alex Molesan, Hollis Erb, Kathleen Kelly
Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2) is nearly indistinguishable from feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and is a well-known cause of viral myocarditis in young puppies; however, it is not known whether either FPV or CPV-2 naturally infects feline cardiomyocytes and causes myocarditis. Endomyocarditis (EMC) and left ventricular endomyocardial fibrosis (LVEF), clinically known as "endomyocardial restrictive cardiomyopathy," are important feline heart diseases suspected to have an infectious etiology. A continuum is suggested with EMC representing the acute reaction to an unknown infectious agent and LVEF the chronic manifestation of repair...
July 2017: Veterinary Pathology
Sonja Fonfara, Sarah Kitz, Udo Hetzel, Anja Kipar
Leptin is an adipokine, which is in humans with cardiac disease suspected to be involved in myocardial remodeling and thrombus formation. In cats, however, it is not known whether leptin plays a role in cardiac disease, i.e. hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and the presence of an atrial thrombus (AT). The objective of the study was therefore to establish whether leptin is transcribed in the feline myocardium and to compare myocardial leptin mRNA concentrations in cats with HCM with and without AT, and in cats without cardiac diseases...
June 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
O A Wolf, M Imgrund, G Wess
BACKGROUND: False tendons (FTs) are string-like structures in the left ventricle. A FT might produce focal thickening at its insertion region of the left ventricle, which could be mistaken for focal hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. OBJECTIVES: To perform a prospective, echocardiographic follow-up examination of feline FTs and compare the wall thickness at the FT insertion region and a normal region without FTs at both examinations. ANIMALS: One hundred twenty-eight cats with one or multiple FTs without other cardiac abnormalities or systemic disease...
February 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Barry J Maron, Philip R Fox
OBJECTIVES: To highlight similarities in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) that are shared between humans and domestic cats. METHODS: Contemporary clinical and scientific findings were selected from the literature. Evidence is provided to support the concept that HCM in humans and felines are fundamentally the same disease. RESULTS: A number of remarkable similarities have been reported in certain spontaneously occurring myocardial disorders in domestic animals that closely resemble the clinical and phenotypic features of their corresponding diseases in humans...
December 2015: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
L B Christiansen, C Prats, P Hyttel, J Koch
OBJECTIVES: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common heart disease in cats and shares clinical and pathological characteristics with human HCM. Little is known about the pathogenic mechanisms underlying development of spontaneous feline HCM. ANIMALS: The study population consisted of seven cats diagnosed with HCM and eight age-matched cats with no evidence of cardiac disease. METHODS: Fresh myocardial biopsies taken from the middle of the left ventricular posterior free wall were obtained and examined with transmission electron microscopy...
December 2015: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Philip R Fox, Karsten A Schober
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyopathy distinguishes a heterogeneous group of myocardial disorders that represent the most prevalent cause of feline heart disease. Etiology is uncertain and the natural history is presently unresolved. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common of these conditions, and while the majority of affected cats are asymptomatic, a proportion is at risk to develop serious morbidities--the most devastating of which include congestive heart failure, arterial thromboembolism, and cardiac death...
December 2015: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Karsten E Schober, Valérie Chetboul
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is highly prevalent in cats and is a functional hallmark of feline cardiomyopathy. The majority of cats with hypertrophic, restrictive, and dilated cardiomyopathy have echocardiographic evidence of abnormal LV filling, even during the occult (preclinical) phase. Moderate and severe diastolic dysfunction is an indicator of advanced myocardial disease, is associated with clinical signs including exercise intolerance and congestive heart failure, affects outcome, and influences therapeutic decisions...
December 2015: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
I Biasato, L Francescone, G La Rosa, M Tursi
Diagnosis of feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is both clinical and anatomopathological. Since standardized echocardiographic parameters have previously been established for its diagnosis and classification, the aim of the present study is to provide an original, complete and repeatable quantitative anatomopathological evaluation of this myocardial disease. Since ES-HCM is a clearly defined clinicopathological entity of feline HCM, the present study also aims to investigate its temporal evolution. The hearts of 21 cats with previous diagnosis or suspicion of HCM and 6 control animals were submitted for morphometric and histopathological investigations...
October 2015: Research in Veterinary Science
Ilaria Spalla, Chiara Locatelli, Giulia Riscazzi, Sara Santagostino, Elena Cremaschi, Paola Brambilla
OBJECTIVES: Feline cardiomyopathies (CMs) represent a heterogeneous group of myocardial diseases. The most common CM is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), followed by restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM). Studies comparing survival and outcome for different types of CM are scant. Furthermore, little is known about the cardiovascular consequences of systemic diseases on survival. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare survival and prognostic factors in cats affected by HCM, RCM or secondary CM referred to our institution over a 10 year period...
June 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Dana M Lindemann, James W Carpenter, Kelli M Almes, Loni Schumacher, Julia K Ryseff, Mackenzie Hallman
A 13-yr-old male cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) presented for an acute history of lateral recumbency and anorexia. Upon physical examination under general anesthesia, severe icterus was noted. A serum biochemical profile confirmed markedly elevated total bilirubin and alanine transaminase. Based on ultrasound-guided liver aspirates and cytology, a presumptive diagnosis of large granular lymphocyte hepatic lymphoma was reached. Abdominal and thoracic radiographs did not assist in reaching an antemortem diagnosis...
June 2015: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Ksenia Sedova, Olesya Bernikova, Jan Azarov, Dmitry Shmakov, Vladimir Vityazev, Sergey Kharin
BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemic electrophysiological alterations are associated with the generation of reactive oxygen species. However, electrophysiological effects of antioxidants are unclear. Our objective was to determine the effects of the antioxidant echinochrome on ventricular repolarization in a feline model of 30-min ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Activation-recovery intervals were measured from 64 ventricular electrograms recorded before and during the LAD ligation in untreated animals (controls, n=5) and animals given echinochrome (1mg/kg, n=5 and 2mg/kg, n=7)...
March 2015: Journal of Electrocardiology
K H Khor, F E Campbell, H Owen, I A Shiels, P C Mills
The histological features of feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have been well documented, but there are no reports describing the histological features in mild pre-clinical disease, since cats are rarely screened for the disease in the early stages before clinical signs are apparent. Histological changes at the early stage of the disease in pre-clinical cats could contribute to an improved understanding of disease aetiology or progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the histological features of HCM in the left ventricular (LV) myocardium of cats diagnosed with pre-clinical HCM...
February 2015: Veterinary Journal
Catherine A Makarewich, Hongyu Zhang, Jennifer Davis, Robert N Correll, Danielle M Trappanese, Nicholas E Hoffman, Constantine D Troupes, Remus M Berretta, Hajime Kubo, Muniswamy Madesh, Xiongwen Chen, Erhe Gao, Jeffery D Molkentin, Steven R Houser
RATIONALE: The cellular and molecular basis for post-myocardial infarction (MI) structural and functional remodeling is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine if Ca2+ influx through transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels contributes to post-MI structural and functional remodeling. METHODS AND RESULTS: TRPC1/3/4/6 channel mRNA increased after MI in mice and was associated with TRPC-mediated Ca2+ entry. Cardiac myocyte-specific expression of a dominant-negative (loss-of-function) TRPC4 channel increased basal myocyte contractility and reduced hypertrophy and cardiac structural and functional remodeling after MI while increasing survival in mice...
August 29, 2014: Circulation Research
Rebecca Langhorn, Jakob Lundgren Willesen, Inge Tarnow, Mads Kjelgaard-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins are established as the gold standard biomarkers for acute cardiac injury. As even small elevations of cardiac troponins have prognostic relevance in people, it is important to investigate the performance of sensitive assays for use in veterinary medicine. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate analytical and overlap performance of a high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (cTnI) assay, the ADVIA Centaur CP TnI-Ultra assay, in dogs and cats...
December 2013: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Philip R Fox, Cristina Basso, Gaetano Thiene, Barry J Maron
BACKGROUND: Spontaneously occurring small animal models of myocardial disease, closely resembling the human condition, have been reported for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (in cats) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (in cats and boxer dogs). Nonhypertrophied restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is a well-recognized but relatively uncommon primary heart muscle disease causing substantial morbidity in humans. We describe RCM occurring in felines here as a potential model of human disease...
January 2014: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
S C Riesen, K E Schober, J D Bonagura, C A Carnes
In this article the myocardial expression of different hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) isoforms in myocardial tissue from healthy control cats and cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) was evaluated. Myocardial tissue samples of the left ventricle of control cats (n = 12) and cats with HCM (n = 4) were collected. Expression of feline HCN was determined by immunoblot analysis using antibodies against HCN2 and HCN4. Optical densities of HCN bands were compared among groups by use of the Mann-Whitney Rank Sum test...
February 2013: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Sara Granström, Christian Bressen Pipper, Rasmus Møgelvang, Peter Sogaard, Jakob Lundgren Willesen, Jørgen Koch
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare the effect of sample volume (SV) size settings and sampling method on measurement variability and peak systolic (s'), and early (e') and late (a') diastolic longitudinal myocardial velocities using color tissue Doppler imaging (cTDI) in cats. ANIMALS: Twenty cats with normal echocardiograms and 20 cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: We quantified and compared empirical variance and average absolute values of s', e' and a' for three cardiac cycles using eight different SV settings (length 1,2,3 and 5 mm; width 1 and 2 mm) and three methods of sampling (end-diastolic sampling with manual tracking of the SV, end-systolic sampling without tracking, and random-frame sampling without tracking)...
December 2012: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
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