keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

myocardial hypertrophy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244217/the-follow-up-of-progressive-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-using-magnetic-resonance-rotating-frame-relaxation-times
#1
Muhammad Arsalan Khan, Hanne Laakso, Svetlana Laidinen, Sanna Kettunen, Tommi Heikura, Seppo Ylä-Herttuala, Timo Liimatainen
Magnetic resonance rotating frame relaxation times are an alternative non-contrast agent choice for the diagnosis of chronic myocardial infarct. Fibrosis typically occurs in progressive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Fibrosis has been imaged in myocardial infarcted tissue using rotating frame relaxation times, which provides the possibility to follow up progressive cardiomyopathy without contrast agents. Mild and severe left ventricular hypertrophy were induced in mice by transverse aortic constriction, and the longitudinal rotating frame relaxation times (T1ρ ) and relaxation along the fictitious field (TRAFF2 , TRAFF3 ) were measured at 5, 10, 24, 62 and 89 days after transverse aortic constriction in vivo...
December 15, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243791/mir-181a-mediates-ang-ii-induced-myocardial-hypertrophy-by-mediating-autophagy
#2
A-L Li, J-B Lv, L Gao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between miR-181a and cardiac hypertrophy and autophagy in rats with myocardial hypertrophy, and whether miR-181a regulates the autophagy through ATG5, thereby participating in the occurrence and development of myocardial hypertrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rat model of myocardial hypertrophy was established via the abdominal aortic coarctation. The expression of miR-181a in cardiac tissues was detected via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243322/transient-myocardial-thickening-in-cats-associated-with-heart-failure
#3
J Novo Matos, N Pereira, T Glaus, L Wilkie, K Borgeat, J Loureiro, J Silva, V Law, A Kranjc, D J Connolly, V Luis Fuentes
BACKGROUND: Cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and congestive heart failure (CHF) can have resolution of both left ventricular hypertrophy and CHF. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics of cats with transient myocardial thickening (TMT) and CHF compared with a control population of cats without resolution of HCM. ANIMALS: A total of 21 cats with TMT, 21 cats with HCM. METHODS: Retrospective study...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233823/large-cardiac-muscle-patches-engineered-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiac-cells-improve-recovery-from-myocardial-infarction-in-swine
#4
Ling Gao, Zachery R Gregorich, Wuqiang Zhu, Saidulu Mattapally, Yasin Oduk, Xi Lou, Ramaswamy Kannappan, Anton V Borovjagin, Gregory P Walcott, Andrew E Pollard, Vladimir G Fast, Xinyang Hu, Steven G Lloyd, Ying Ge, Jianyi Zhang
Background -Here, we generated human cardiac muscle patches (hCMPs) of clinically relevant dimensions (4 cm × 2 cm × 1.25 mm) by suspending cardiomyocytes, smooth-muscle cells, and endothelial cells that had been differentiated from human induced-pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) in a fibrin scaffold and then culturing the construct on a dynamic (rocking) platform. Methods -In vitro assessments of hCMPs suggest maturation in response to dynamic culture stimulation. In vivo assessments were conducted in a porcine model of myocardial infarction (MI)...
December 12, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230843/cardiac-function-in-pediatric-patients-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-due-to-21-hydroxylase-deficiency
#5
Christiaan F Mooij, Milanthy S Pourier, Gert Weijers, Chris L de Korte, Zina Fejzic, Hedi L Claahsen van der Grinten, Livia Kapusta
BACKGROUND: Hyperandrogenism and exogenous glucocorticoid excess may cause unfavorable changes in the cardiovascular risk profile of patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiac function in pediatric patients with CAH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 27 pediatric patients with CAH, aged 8-16 years, were evaluated by physical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG), conventional echocardiography, tissue Doppler imaging and two-dimensional (2D) myocardial strain (rate) imaging...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226693/higher-pulse-pressure-and-risk-for-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-essential-hypertension-the-campania-salute-network
#6
Costantino Mancusi, Maria A Losi, Raffaele Izzo, Grazia Canciello, Maria V Carlino, Giovanni Albano, Nicola De Luca, Bruno Trimarco, Giovanni de Simone
Background Increased pulse pressure is associated with structural target organ damage, especially in elderly patients, increasing cardiovascular risk. Design In this analysis, we investigated whether high pulse pressure retains a prognostic effect also when common markers of target organ damage are taken into account. Methods We analysed an unselected cohort of treated hypertensive patients from the Campania Salute Network registry ( n = 7336). Participants with available cardiac and carotid ultrasound were required to be free of prevalent cardiovascular disease, with ejection fraction ≥50%, and no more than stage III Chronic Kidney Disease...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225188/rosuvastatin-improves-myocardial-hypertrophy-after-hemodynamic-pressure-overload-via-regulating-the-crosstalk-of-nrf2-are-and-tgf-%C3%AE-smads-pathways-in-rat-heart
#7
Pengbo Wang, Lin Luo, Qiusheng Shen, Gaoyong Shi, Anaz Mohammed, Songshi Ni, Xiang Wu
Left ventricular hypertrophy is more commonly associated with hemodynamic overload imposed by hypertension or volume overload. Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) is involved in the cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis of the left ventricle. The fact that TGF-β1 and the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) both become up-regulated upon persistent vessel overload suggests that these two factors may virtually impact on their signaling pathways. In this research, 40 rats were divided into sham group, model group, rosuvastatin low and high dose group...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218105/systemic-inflammation-is-associated-with-myocardial-fibrosis-diastolic-dysfunction-and-cardiac-hypertrophy-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#8
Lu Fang, Andris H Ellims, Anna L Beale, Andrew J Taylor, Andrew Murphy, Anthony M Dart
BACKGROUND: Regional or diffuse fibrosis is an early feature of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and is related to poor prognosis. Previous studies have documented low-grade inflammation in HCM. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between circulating inflammatory markers and myocardial fibrosis, systolic and diastolic dysfunction, and the degree of cardiac hypertrophy in HCM patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty HCM patients were recruited while 20 healthy subjects served as the control group...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217642/nicotinamide-riboside-preserves-cardiac-function-in-a-mouse-model-of-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#9
Nicolas Diguet, Samuel A J Trammell, Cynthia Tannous, Robin Deloux, Jérôme Piquereau, Nathalie Mougenot, Anne Gouge, Mélanie Gressette, Boris Manoury, Jocelyne Blanc, Marie Breton, Jean-François Decaux, Gareth Lavery, István Baczkó, Joffrey Zoll, Anne Garnier, Zhenlin Li, Charles Brenner, Mathias Mericskay
Background -Myocardial metabolic impairment is a major feature in chronic heart failure (HF). As the major coenzyme in fuel oxidation and oxidative phosphorylation and a substrate for enzymes signaling energy stress and oxidative stress response, NAD+ is emerging as a metabolic target in a number of diseases including HF. Little is known on mechanisms regulating homeostasis of NAD+ in the failing heart. Methods -To explore possible alterations of NAD+ homeostasis in the failing heart, we quantified expression of NAD+ biosynthetic enzymes in human failing heart and in the heart of a mouse model of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) triggered by SRF transcription factor depletion in the heart (SRFHKO) or of cardiac hypertrophy triggered by transverse aorta constriction (TAC)...
December 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216197/shift-toward-greater-pathologic-post-myocardial-infarction-remodeling-with-loss-of-the-adaptive-hypertrophic-signaling-of-alpha1-adrenergic-receptors-in-mice
#10
Che-Chung Yeh, Yanying Fan, Yanchun Xu, Yi-Lin Yang, Paul C Simpson, Michael J Mann
RATIONALE: We have hypothesized that post-infarction cardiac remodeling can be influenced by shifts in the balance between intracellular mediators of "pathologic" and "physiologic" hypertrophy. Although alpha1 adrenergic receptors (alpha1-ARs) mediate pro-adaptive hypertrophy during pressure overload, little is known about their role or downstream mediators after myocardial infarction. METHODS: We performed loss-of-function experiments via coronary ligation in alpha1A-AR knockout (AKO) mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207045/effect-of-atractylodes%C3%A2-macrocephala-rhizoma-on-isoproterenol%C3%A2-induced-ventricular-remodeling-in-rats
#11
Xiao-Hua Cui, Hui-Lin Wang, Rong Wu, Ping-An Yao, Ke-Zhao Wei, Jian-Ping Gao
Myocardial infarction (MI) is the primary cause of ventricular remodeling (VR). The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of Atractylodis macrocephalae rhizoma (AMR) on VR induced by isoproterenol (ISO) in rats. Male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into the normal control, ISO‑induced and AMR groups. Rats in the ISO‑induced and AMR groups were subcutaneously injected with 85 mg/kg/day ISO for two consecutive days. Compared with the ISO‑induced group, AMR normalized the levels of hemodynamic parameters, markedly attenuated myocardial pathological damage, decreased the level of N‑terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide, and inhibited cardiac hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206339/reversibility-of-myocardial-metabolism-and-remodeling-in-morbidly-obese-patients-six-months-after-bariatric-surgery
#12
Jarna C Hannukainen, Riikka Lautamäki, Jussi Pärkkä, Marjatta Strandberg, Virva Saunavaara, Saija Hurme, Minna Soinio, Prince Dadson, Kirsi A Virtanen, Tove Grönroos, Sarita Forsback, Paulina Salminen, Patricia Iozzo, Pirjo Nuutila
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: To study myocardial substrate uptake, structure and function before and after bariatric surgery to clarify the interaction between myocardial metabolism and cardiac remodeling in morbid obesity. METHODS: We studied 46 subjects (age 44±10 yrs, BMI 42±4 kg/m2), including 18 with type 2 diabetes before and six months after bariatric surgery and 25 healthy age-matched controls. Myocardial fasting free fatty acid uptake (MFAU) and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (MGU) were measured using PET...
December 5, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205991/cardiac-deformation-imaging
#13
Minna Kylmälä
Deformation imaging (strain imaging) is an echocardiographic method for evaluating myocardial function that is also suitable for clinical use. There are two deformation imaging techniques: Tissue Doppler and 2D strain (speckle tracking). Deformation imaging allows the measurement of regional myocardial deformation in three dimensions. Longitudinal deformation (strain) measures longitudinal myocardial fiber contraction, and reflects subendocardial myocardial function, which is usually the first to deteriorate in patients with heart disease...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205626/feasibility-and-reproducibility-of-feature-tracking-based-strain-and-strain-rate-measures-of-the-left-ventricle-in-different-diseases-and-genders
#14
Alicia M Maceira, Luis Tuset-Sanchis, Miguel López-Garrido, Marta San Andres, M Pilar López-Lereu, Jose V Monmeneu, M Pilar García-González, Laura Higueras
BACKGROUND: The measurement of myocardial deformation by strain analysis is an evolving tool to quantify regional and global myocardial function. PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility and reproducibility of myocardial strain/strain rate measurements with magnetic resonance feature tracking (MR-FT) in healthy subjects and in patient groups. STUDY TYPE: Prospective study. POPULATION: Sixty patients (20 hypertensives with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (H); 20 nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (D); 20 ischemic heart disease (I); as well as 20 controls (C) were included, 10 men and 10 women in each group...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204738/the-association-between-myocardial-fibrosis-and-depressed-capillary-density-in-rat-model-of-left-ventricular-hypertrophy
#15
Ying Xiao, Yinjie Liu, Jiaming Liu, Y James Kang
Myocardial fibrogenesis is initiated once the coordination between oxygen supply and demand is disrupted in pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Clinical observations showed that myocardial fibrosis did not evenly occur in the hypertrophic myocardium. The present study was undertaken to specifically address differential vulnerabilities to fibrogenesis of different regions in the myocardium subjected to pressure overload-induced hypertrophy. SD rats were divided into two groups, sham-operated control and ascending artery constriction-induced cardiac hypotrophy...
December 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204251/roles-and-mechanisms-of-herbal-medicine-for-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-current-status-and-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Jinfan Tian, Yingke Zhao, Yanfei Liu, Yue Liu, Keji Chen, Shuzheng Lyu
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is one of the major complications among patients with diabetes mellitus. Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is featured by left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, and damaged left ventricular systolic and diastolic functions. The pathophysiological mechanisms include metabolic-altered substrate metabolism, dysfunction of microvascular, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) activation, oxidative stress, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and impaired Ca2+ handling...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199230/new-insights-into-the-role-of-basement-membrane-derived-matricryptins-in-the-heart
#17
Muneyoshi Okada, Keisuke Imoto, Akira Sugiyama, Jumpei Yasuda, Hideyuki Yamawaki
The extracellular matrix (ECM), which contributes to structural homeostasis as well as to the regulation of cellular function, is enzymatically cleaved by proteases, such as matrix metalloproteinases and cathepsins, in the normal and diseased heart. During the past two decades, matricryptins have been defined as fragments of ECM with a biologically active cryptic site, namely the 'matricryptic site,' and their biological activities have been initially identified and clarified, including anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor effects...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199045/the-mechanism-of-myocardial-hypertrophy-regulated-by-the-interaction-between-mhrt-and-myocardin
#18
Ying Luo, Yao Xu, Chen Liang, Weibing Xing, Tongcun Zhang
As a strong transactivator of promoters containing CarG boxes, myocardin was critical for the cardiac muscle program and necessary for normal cardiogenesis. So it probably represents a viable therapeutic biomarker in the setting of cardiac hypertrophy and failure. In recent years, the studies of regulation of cardiac hypertrophy via myocardin are so common, and the molecular mechanism is becoming more and more clear. Here, we have revealed a kind of interaction between mhrt and myocardin shown as a feedback regulatory mechanism in the regulation of cardiac hypertrophy...
December 1, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197461/ineffective-and-prolonged-apical-contraction-is-associated-with-chest-pain-and-ischaemia-in-apical-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#19
Edward Stephenson, Pierre Monney, Francesca Pugliese, James Malcolmson, Steffen E Petersen, Charles Knight, Peter Mills, Andrew Wragg, Constantinos O'Mahony, Neha Sekhri, Saidi A Mohiddin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the hypothesis that persistence of apical contraction into diastole is linked to reduced myocardial perfusion and chest pain. BACKGROUND: Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is defined by left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy predominantly of the apex. Hyperdynamic contractility resulting in obliteration of the apical cavity is often present. Apical HCM can lead to drug-refractory chest pain. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 126 subjects; 76 with apical HCM and 50 controls (31 with asymmetrical septal hypertrophy (ASH) and 19 with non-cardiac chest pain and culprit free angiograms and structurally normal hearts)...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196542/cardiac-myosin-binding-protein-c-is-a-novel-marker-of-myocardial-injury-and-fibrosis-in-aortic-stenosis
#20
Atul Anand, Calvin Chin, Anoop S V Shah, Jacek Kwieciński, Alex Vesey, Joanna Cowell, Ekkehard Weber, Thomas Kaier, David E Newby, Marc Dweck, Michael S Marber, Nicholas L Mills
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac myosin-binding protein C (cMyC) is an abundant sarcomeric protein and novel highly specific marker of myocardial injury. Myocyte death characterises the transition from hypertrophy to replacement myocardial fibrosis in advanced aortic stenosis. We hypothesised that serum cMyC concentrations would be associated with cardiac structure and outcomes in patients with aortic stenosis. METHODS: cMyC was measured in two cohorts in which serum had previously been prospectively collected: a mechanism cohort of patients with aortic stenosis (n=161) and healthy controls (n=46) who underwent cardiac MRI, and an outcome cohort with aortic stenosis (n=104) followed for a median of 11...
December 1, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
keyword
keyword
64817
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"