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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345484/journal-article-reporting-standards-for-quantitative-research-in-psychology-the-apa-publications-and-communications-board-task-force-report
#1
Mark Appelbaum, Harris Cooper, Rex B Kline, Evan Mayo-Wilson, Arthur M Nezu, Stephen M Rao
Following a review of extant reporting standards for scientific publication, and reviewing 10 years of experience since publication of the first set of reporting standards by the American Psychological Association (APA; APA Publications and Communications Board Working Group on Journal Article Reporting Standards, 2008), the APA Working Group on Quantitative Research Reporting Standards recommended some modifications to the original standards. Examples of modifications include division of hypotheses, analyses, and conclusions into 3 groupings (primary, secondary, and exploratory) and some changes to the section on meta-analysis...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343874/-mental-health-recovery-star-features-and-validation-study-of-the-italian-version
#2
Anna Placentino, Fabio Lucchi, Gianpaolo Scarsato, Giuseppe Fazzari
AIM: Mental Health Recovery Star (MHRS) is an instrument that helps to assess recovery processes of mental health patients through a collaborative approach. The aim of the study is to describe the features of the instrument and to report the results of the Italian validation study. METHODS: The study involved 117 users which were evaluated in two phases. Besides MRHS, HoNOS, WHOQoL-brief, GAF were used. Acceptability for users and key-workers of the instruments and its main psychometric properties, as test-retes (ICC) and concurrent validity (Pearson's correlation coefficient), were evaluated...
November 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341977/elemental-composition-at-silicone-hydrogel-contact-lens-surfaces
#3
Jessica Rex, Timothy Knowles, Xueying Zhao, Jessie Lemp, Cecile Maissa, Scott S Perry
OBJECTIVES: The outermost surface composition of 11 silicone hydrogel (SiHy) lenses was measured using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to understand differences in wettability and potential interactions within an ocular environment. The SiHy lenses tested included balafilcon A, lotrafilcon A, lotrafilcon B, senofilcon A, comfilcon A, and somofilcon A reusable 2-week or monthly replacement lenses and delefilcon A, samfilcon A, narafilcon A, stenfilcon A, and somofilcon A daily disposable lenses...
January 15, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340096/crispr-cas9-mediated-reversibly-immortalized-mouse-bone-marrow-stromal-stem-cells-bmscs-retain-multipotent-features-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-mscs
#4
Xue Hu, Li Li, Xinyi Yu, Ruyi Zhang, Shujuan Yan, Zongyue Zeng, Yi Shu, Chen Zhao, Xingye Wu, Jiayan Lei, Yasha Li, Wenwen Zhang, Chao Yang, Ke Wu, Ying Wu, Liping An, Shifeng Huang, Xiaojuan Ji, Cheng Gong, Chengfu Yuan, Linghuan Zhang, Wei Liu, Bo Huang, Yixiao Feng, Bo Zhang, Rex C Haydon, Hue H Luu, Russell R Reid, Michael J Lee, Jennifer Moriatis Wolf, Zebo Yu, Tong-Chuan He
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent non-hematopoietic progenitor cells that can undergo self-renewal and differentiate into multi-lineages. Bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSCs) represent one of the most commonly-used MSCs. In order to overcome the technical challenge of maintaining primary BMSCs in long-term culture, here we seek to establish reversibly immortalized mouse BMSCs (imBMSCs). By exploiting CRISPR/Cas9-based homology-directed-repair (HDR) mechanism, we target SV40T to mouse Rosa26 locus and efficiently immortalize mouse BMSCs (i...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331929/sex-related-differential-response-to-dexamethasone-in-endocrine-and-immune-measures-in-depressed-in-patients-and-healthy-controls
#5
Carina Rampp, Andreas Eichelkraut, Johanna Best, Darina Czamara, Monika Rex-Haffner, Manfred Uhr, Elisabeth B Binder, Andreas Menke
Although sex differences in major depression have been reported repeatedly, the underlying mechanisms are still disputed. The rapidly changing gonadal steroid concentrations of the postpartum period or during menopause have been shown to be associated with depressive symptoms and to modulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis, which is implicated in depression. The sample comprised of 128 depressed in-patients (36.7% women) and 166 healthy controls (30.0% women). Blood was collected at baseline (at 6pm) and then 3 h as well as 21 h after ingestion of 1...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300231/long-term-nonhuman-primate-renal-allograft-survival-without-ongoing-immunosuppression-in-recipients-of-delayed-donor-bone-marrow-transplantation
#6
Kiyohiko Hotta, Tetsu Oura, Abbas Dehnadi, Svjetlan Boskovic, Masatoshi Matsunami, Ivy Rosales, Rex N Smith, Robert B Colvin, A Benedict Cosimi, Tatsuo Kawai
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported successful induction of renal allograft tolerance in nonhuman primates (NHP) following an initial posttransplant period of conventional immunosuppression (delayed tolerance) using a nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen consisting of anti-CD154 and anti-CD8 mAbs plus equine ATG (Atgam) and donor bone marrow transplantation (DBMT). Since these reagents are not currently clinically available, the protocol was revised to be applicable to human recipients of deceased donor allografts...
January 4, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299799/historical-demography-of-common-carp-estimated-from-individuals-collected-from-various-parts-of-the-world-using-the-pairwise-sequentially-markovian-coalescent-approach
#7
Zihao Yuan, Wei Huang, Shikai Liu, Peng Xu, Rex Dunham, Zhanjiang Liu
The inference of historical demography of a species is helpful for understanding species' differentiation and its population dynamics. However, such inference has been previously difficult due to the lack of proper analytical methods and availability of genetic data. A recently developed method called Pairwise Sequentially Markovian Coalescent (PSMC) offers the capability for estimation of the trajectories of historical populations over considerable time periods using genomic sequences. In this study, we applied this approach to infer the historical demography of the common carp using samples collected from Europe, Asia and the Americas...
January 3, 2018: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297470/electron-localisation-in-static-and-time-dependent-one-dimensional-model-systems
#8
Thomas Robert Durrant, Matthew Hodgson, James Ramsden, Rex Godby
The most direct signature of electron localisation is the tendency of an electron in a many-body system to exclude other same-spin electrons from its vicinity. By applying this concept directly to the exact many-body wavefunction, we find that localisation can vary considerably between different ground-state systems, and can also be strongly disrupted, as a function of time, when a system is driven by an applied electric field. We use this measure to assess the well-known electron localisation function (ELF), both in its approximate single-particle form (often applied within density-functional theory) and its full many-particle form...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289460/risk-management-for-surgical-energy-driven-devices-used-in-the-operating-room
#9
F Borie, M Mathonnet, A Deleuze, B Millat, J-F Gravié, H Johanet, J-P Lesage, J Gugenheim
Complications related to energy sources in the operating room are not well-recognized or published, despite occasionally dramatic consequences for the patient and the responsible surgeon. The goal of this study was to evaluate the risks and consequences related to use of energy sources in the operating room. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2009 and 2015, 876 adverse events related to health care (AERHC) linked to energy sources in the operating room were declared in the French experience feedback data base "REX"...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289165/the-oxford-space-environment-goniometer-a-new-experimental-setup-for-making-directional-emissivity-measurements-under-a-simulated-space-environment
#10
T J Warren, N E Bowles, K Donaldson Hanna, I R Thomas
Measurements of the light scattering behaviour of the regoliths of airless bodies via remote sensing techniques in the Solar System, across wavelengths from the visible to the far infrared, are essential in understanding their surface properties. A key parameter is knowledge of the angular behaviour of scattered light, usually represented mathematically by a phase function. The phase function is believed to be dependent on many factors including the following: surface composition, surface roughness across all length scales, and the wavelength of radiation...
December 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283992/common-genes-associated-with-antidepressant-response-in-mouse-and-man-identify-key-role-of-glucocorticoid-receptor-sensitivity
#11
Tania Carrillo-Roa, Christiana Labermaier, Peter Weber, David P Herzog, Caleb Lareau, Sara Santarelli, Klaus V Wagner, Monika Rex-Haffner, Daniela Harbich, Sebastian H Scharf, Charles B Nemeroff, Boadie W Dunlop, W Edward Craighead, Helen S Mayberg, Mathias V Schmidt, Manfred Uhr, Florian Holsboer, Inge Sillaber, Elisabeth B Binder, Marianne B Müller
Response to antidepressant treatment in major depressive disorder (MDD) cannot be predicted currently, leading to uncertainty in medication selection, increasing costs, and prolonged suffering for many patients. Despite tremendous efforts in identifying response-associated genes in large genome-wide association studies, the results have been fairly modest, underlining the need to establish conceptually novel strategies. For the identification of transcriptome signatures that can distinguish between treatment responders and nonresponders, we herein submit a novel animal experimental approach focusing on extreme phenotypes...
December 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283898/compliance-with-the-aaos-guidelines-for-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-survey-of-the-american-association-of-hip-and-knee-surgeons
#12
Victor Rex Carlson, Alvin Chua Ong, Fabio Ramiro Orozco, Victor Hugo Hernandez, Rex William Lutz, Zachary Douglas Post
INTRODUCTION: The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) published a series of evidence-based guidelines for treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA). We studied compliance with these guidelines among orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: We sent a survey to members of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons. It included five clinical vignettes based on the Kellgren-Lawrence radiographic system for classification of knee OA. Respondents selected treatment currently supported or not supported by the AAOS guidelines...
December 22, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280862/adverse-event-incidences-following-facial-plastic-surgery-procedures-incorporating-face-q-data-to-improve-patient-preparation
#13
Christopher M Fleury, Jonathan A Schwitzer, Rex W Hung, Stephen B Baker
BACKGROUND: Before creation and validation of the FACE-Q by Pusic et al., adverse event types and incidences following facial cosmetic procedures were objectively measured and reported by physicians, potentially leading to misrepresentation of the true patient experience. This article analyzes and compares adverse event data from both FACE-Q and recent review articles, incorporating patient-reported adverse event data to improve patient preparation for facial cosmetic procedures. METHODS: FACE-Q adverse event data were extracted from peer-reviewed validation articles for face lift, rhinoplasty, and blepharoplasty, and these data were compared against adverse effect risk data published in recent Continuing Medical Education/Maintenance of Certification and other articles regarding the same procedures...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276724/infection-of-caenorhabditis-elegans-with-vesicular-stomatitis-virus-via-microinjection
#14
Adam Martin, Emily A Rex, Takao Ishidate, Rueyling Lin, Don B Gammon
Over the past 15 years, the free-living nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans has become an important model system for exploring eukaryotic innate immunity to bacterial and fungal pathogens. More recently, infection models using either natural or non-natural nematode viruses have also been established in C. elegans. These models offer new opportunities to use the nematode to understand eukaryotic antiviral defense mechanisms. Here we report protocols for the infection of C. elegans with a non-natural viral pathogen, vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) through microinjection...
November 20, 2017: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274822/predicting-protein-protein-interactions-of-concentrated-antibody-solutions-using-dilute-solution-data-and-coarse-grained-molecular-models
#15
Cesar Calero-Rubio, Ranendu Ghosh, Atul Saluja, Christopher J Roberts
Protein-protein interactions for solutions of an IgG1 molecule were quantified using static light scattering (SLS) measurements from low to high protein concentrations (c2). SLS was used to determine second osmotic virial coefficients (B22) at low c2, and excess Rayleigh profiles (Rex/K vs c2) and zero-q structure factors (Sq=0) as a function of c2 at higher c2 for a series of conditions (pH, sucrose concentration, and total ionic strength (TIS)). Repulsive (attractive) interactions were observed at low TIS (high TIS) for pH 5 and 6...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274790/jak-and-stat-members-in-channel-catfish-identification-phylogenetic-analysis-and-expression-profiling-after-edwardsiella-ictaluri-infection
#16
Yulin Jin, Tao Zhou, Ning Li, Shikai Liu, Xiaoyan Xu, Ying Pan, Suxu Tan, Huitong Shi, Yujia Yang, Zihao Yuan, Wenwen Wang, Jian Luo, Dongya Gao, Rex Dunham, Zhanjiang Liu
The Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway is one of the main pleiotropic cascades used to transmit information from extracellular receptors to the nucleus, which results in DNA transcription and expression of genes involved in immunity, proliferation, differentiation, migration, apoptosis, and cell survival. Members of JAK family and STAT family have been extensively studied in different mammalian species because of their important roles in innate and adaptive immune responses...
December 21, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246535/cytogenomic-analysis-of-several-repetitive-dna-elements-in-turbot-scophthalmus-maximus
#17
Taboada Xoana, Rey Magalí, Bouza Carmen, Viñas Ana
Repetitive DNA plays a fundamental role in the organization, size and evolution of eukaryotic genomes. The sequencing of the turbot revealed a small and compact genome, as in all flatfish studied to date. The assembly of repetitive regions is still incomplete because it is difficult to correctly identify their position, number and array. The combination of classical cytogenetic techniques along with high quality sequencing is essential to increase the knowledge of the structure and composition of these sequences and, thus, of the structure and function of the whole genome...
December 12, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246371/editorial-overview-use-of-pk-pd-for-antibacterial-drug-development-decreasing-risk-and-paths-forward-for-resistant-pathogens
#18
EDITORIAL
Sujata M Bhavnani, John H Rex
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246156/the-tunable-prex-expression-vector-enables-optimizing-the-t7-based-production-of-membrane-and-secretory-proteins-in-e-coli
#19
Grietje Kuipers, Alexandros Karyolaimos, Zhe Zhang, Nurzian Ismail, Gianluca Trinco, David Vikström, Dirk Jan Slotboom, Jan-Willem de Gier
BACKGROUND: To optimize the production of membrane and secretory proteins in Escherichia coli, it is critical to harmonize the expression rates of the genes encoding these proteins with the capacity of their biogenesis machineries. Therefore, we engineered the Lemo21(DE3) strain, which is derived from the T7 RNA polymerase-based BL21(DE3) protein production strain. In Lemo21(DE3), the T7 RNA polymerase activity can be modulated by the controlled co-production of its natural inhibitor T7 lysozyme...
December 16, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245631/a-new-species-of-i-tyrannomyrmex-i-fern%C3%A3-ndez-2003-formicidae-myrmicinae-solenopsidini-from-western-ghats-kerala-india
#20
Kalesh Sadasivan, Manoj Kripakaran
A new species of Tyrannomyrmex (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), T. alii sp. nov., is described from the Western Ghats of Kerala State in southern India. This new species can be distinguished from other Tyrannomyrmex species using morphological characters, from T.dux by the petiolar shape, and from T. legatus and T.rex by surface sculpture and pilosity. The gyne of the genus is described for the first time. We provide detailed morphological descriptions of the gyne and worker castes, images from scanning electron microscopy, a key to all four known species of Tyrannomyrmex, and a note on the ecology of this rare genus...
November 7, 2017: Zootaxa
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