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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096705/situational-judgment-tests-reliably-measure-professional-attributes-important-for-clinical-practice
#1
EDITORIAL
Katie Petty-Saphon, Kim A Walker, Fiona Patterson, Vicki Ashworth, Helena Edwards
Over the course of more than 40 years, international research has consistently shown situational judgment tests (SJTs) to be a reliable and valid selection method for assessing a range of professional attributes. However, SJTs still represent a relatively new selection method within the medical profession, and as such it is to be expected that applicant reactions will vary. In this Expert Opinion piece, we respond to Najim et al's article "The situational judgement test: a student's worst nightmare" by highlighting three key clarifications...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067693/intraoperative-ketamine-reduces-immediate-postoperative-opioid-consumption-after-spinal-fusion-surgery-in-chronic-pain-patients-with-opioid-dependency-a-randomized-blinded-trial
#2
Rikke Vibeke Nielsen, Jonna Storm Fomsgaard, Hanna Siegel, Robertas Martusevicius, Lone Nikolajsen, Jørgen Berg Dahl, Ole Mathiesen
Perioperative handling of surgical patients with opioid dependency represents an important clinical problem. Animal studies suggest that ketamine attenuates central sensitization and hyperalgesia and thereby reduces postoperative opioid tolerance. We hypothesized that intraoperative ketamine would reduce immediate postoperative opioid consumption compared to placebo in chronic pain patients with opioid dependency undergoing lumbar spinal fusion surgery. Primary outcome was morphine consumption 0-24 h postoperatively...
January 6, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063723/early-illness-experiences-related-to-unexpected-heart-surgery-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#3
Yu-Ling Chang, Yun-Fang Tsai
BACKGROUND: Most studies on patients' experiences following emergency cardiac surgery focus on evaluation of patients after their discharge. Few studies have evaluated patients' experiences after being transferred from intensive care and before being discharged. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe patients' experiences in the early stages of recovery following emergency heart surgery. METHODS: For this exploratory qualitative descriptive study, 13 patients were recruited from a medical centre in northern Taiwan...
January 4, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049901/improvement-of-clinical-skills-through-pharmaceutical-education-and-clinical-research
#4
Junko Ishizaki
 Professors and teaching staff in the field of pharmaceutical sciences should devote themselves to staying abreast of relevant education and research. Similarly those in clinical pharmacies should contribute to the advancement of pharmaceutical research and the development of next generation pharmacists and pharmaceuticals. It is thought that those who work in clinical pharmacies should improve their own skills and expertise in problem-finding and -solving, i.e., "clinical skills". They should be keen to learn new standard treatments based on the latest drug information, and should try to be in a position where collecting clinical information is readily possible...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043500/design-and-development-of-novel-inhibitors-for-the-treatment-of-latent-tuberculosis
#5
Rudraraju Srilakshmi Reshma, Perumal Yogeeswari, Dharmarajan Sriram
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: "The captain of all these men of death", is the apt sobriquet for the age-old disease tuberculosis (TB). Despite the availability of many drugs, cases of increasing resistance in the forms of multi-drug and extensively drug-resistant TB and persistence [characteristic of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)] make the eradication of TB a nightmare. Approval of bedaquiline by the Food and Drug Administration focused attention on quinoline scaffolds for development of new anti-TB agents...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012195/angels
#6
Blair P Grubb
At first I thought that I might die, then I was worried I might not. In the nightmare months that followed my diagnosis of renal cancer I had endured prolonged surgeries and recurrent hospitalizations that had left me weak and debilitated This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 24, 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003700/-can-t-ventilate-during-surgery-nightmare-for-anaesthesiologist
#7
Preety Mittal Roy, Sangeeta Khanna, Yatin Mehta, A Z Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002832/acute-and-chronic-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-the-emergence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-network-analysis
#8
Richard A Bryant, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Alexander C McFarlane, Derrick Silove, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic
Importance: Little is understood about how the symptoms of posttraumatic stress develop over time into the syndrome of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Objective: To use a network analysis approach to identify the nature of the association between PTSD symptoms in the acute phase after trauma and the chronic phase. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective cohort study enrolled 1138 patients recently admitted with traumatic injury to 1 of 4 major trauma hospitals across Australia from March 13, 2004, to February 26, 2006...
December 14, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999253/treatment-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-nightmares-at-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center
#9
Mark B Detweiler, Bhuvaneshwar Pagadala, Joseph Candelario, Jennifer S Boyle, Jonna G Detweiler, Brian W Lutgens
The effectiveness of medications for PTSD in general has been well studied, but the effectiveness of medicatio.ns prescribed specifically for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) nightmares is less well known. This retrospective chart review examined the efficacy of various medications used in actual treatment of PTSD nightmares at one Veteran Affairs Hospital. Records at the Salem, VA Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) were examined from 2009 to 2013 to check for the efficacy of actual treatments used in comparis...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988314/the-sleep-phenotype-of-borderline-personality-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Catherine Winsper, Nicole K Y Tang, Steven Marwaha, Suzet Tanya Lereya, Melanie Gibbs, Andrew Thompson, Swaran P Singh
AIM: To delineate the sleep profile of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). METHOD: A meta-analysis to synthesise findings on the objective and subjective sleep characteristics of BPD. RESULTS: We identified 32 studies published between 1980 and December 2015. Meta-analysis indicated significant differences between BPD and healthy control groups across objective sleep continuity (sleep onset latency, total sleep time, sleep efficiency) and architecture (rapid eye movement latency/density, slow wave sleep) measures, and self-reported sleep problems (nightmares, sleep quality)...
December 15, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986503/sleep-is-an-eye-opener-behavioral-causes-and-consequences-of-hypersomnolence-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Jocelyn H Thomas, Darcy E Burgers
The most common behavioral cause of hypersomnia in children is insufficient sleep. Behavioral causes of insufficient sleep for children, ages six months through 12 years, include inadequate sleep hygiene, bedtime struggles, prolonged sleep onset latency, nighttime fears, and nightmares. Behavioral interventions are efficacious and should be individualized to meet the needs of the child and family. Insufficient sleep affects many areas of child development, including academic, cognitive, and psychosocial, as well as parents and caregivers...
November 22, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977223/randomized-controlled-trial-to-dismantle-exposure-relaxation-and-rescripting-therapy-errt-for-trauma-related-nightmares
#12
Kristi E Pruiksma, Christopher C Cranston, Jamie L Rhudy, Rachel L Micol, Joanne L Davis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a preliminary dismantling study of exposure, relaxation, and rescripting therapy (ERRT) for nightmares. METHOD: Participants (N = 70) were randomized to 1 of 2 conditions: ERRT with nightmare exposure and rescripting (full protocol; EX) or ERRT without nightmare exposure and rescripting (NEX). Participants completed follow-ups at 1 week, 3 months, and 6 months posttreatment. RESULTS: Both conditions yielded statistically significant improvements with medium to large effect sizes on primary outcomes related to nightmares (i...
December 15, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977074/the-efficacy-of-prazosin-for-the-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-nightmares-in-u-s-military-veterans
#13
Annamarie Breen, Kory Blankley, Julie Fine
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nightmares associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are a hallmark symptom among U.S. military veterans who have seen combat. Management of combat-related nightmares can be difficult and current pharmacologic options are limited and tend to have adverse side effects. The aim of this review is to explore recent literature regarding the efficacy of prazosin for the treatment of nightmare disorder in the veteran population. METHODS: Recent literature consisting of three systematic reviews was reviewed, as well as current clinical guidelines published by The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and The Department of Defense (DoD) and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975359/-the-makropulos-affair-or-the-nightmare-of-eternal-life
#14
Martin Middeke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936411/a-network-analysis-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-correlates-in-u-s-military-veterans
#15
Cherie Armour, Eiko I Fried, Marie K Deserno, Jack Tsai, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: Recent developments in psychometrics enable the application of network models to analyze psychological disorders, such as PTSD. Instead of understanding symptoms as indicators of an underlying common cause, this approach suggests symptoms co-occur in syndromes due to causal interactions. The current study has two goals: (1) examine the network structure among the 20 DSM-5 PTSD symptoms, and (2) incorporate clinically relevant variables to the network to investigate whether PTSD symptoms exhibit differential relationships with suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, physical functioning/quality of life (QoL), mental functioning/QoL, age, and sex...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930498/prazosin-in-children-and-adolescents-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-who-have-nightmares-a-systematic-review
#16
Adefolake Akinsanya, Raman Marwaha, Rajesh R Tampi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to identify published articles that evaluated the use of prazosin for treating nightmares in children and adolescents who have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PROCEDURES: A literature search was conducted of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Collaboration, and PsycINFO databases for published articles in any language that evaluated the use of prazosin for treating nightmares in the context of PTSD in children and adolescents using the following key words: PTSD, nightmares, prazosin, children, adolescents, trauma, and sleep...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917142/perceived-interpersonal-burdensomeness-as-a-mediator-between-nightmare-distress-and-suicidal-ideation-in-nightmare-sufferers
#17
Sooyeon Suh, Matthew Schneider, Ruda Lee, Thomas Joiner
Previous studies have supported the significant association between nightmares and suicidal ideation, but the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to investigate perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness as mediators in the relationship between nightmare distress and suicidal ideation. This sample consisted of 301 undergraduate students who endorsed experiencing nightmares (mean age 21.87 ± 2.17, 78.1% female). All participants completed questionnaires on nightmare distress (Nightmare Distress Questionnaire), unmet interpersonal needs (Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire), and suicidal ideation (Depressive Symptom Inventory - Suicidality Subscale)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911990/academic-nightmares-predatory-publishing
#18
Sonya E Van Nuland, Kem A Rogers
Academic researchers who seek to publish their work are confronted daily with a barrage of e-mails from aggressive marketing campaigns that solicit them to publish their research with a specialized, often newly launched, journal. Known as predatory journals, they often promise high editorial and publishing standards, yet their exploitive business models, poor quality control, and minimal overall transparency victimize those researchers with limited academic experience and pave the way for low-quality articles that threaten the foundation of evidence-based research...
December 2, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908262/sleep-alterations-in-non-demented-older-individuals-the-role-of-cortisol
#19
Ana Belén Castelló-Domenech, Vanessa Ibáñez Del Valle, Julio Fernández-Garrido, Mary Martínez-Martínez, Omar Cauli
BACKGROUND: Sleep alterations can impair quality of life and contribute to disease progression but they, and their features and contributing factors, are rarely analysed in institutionalised older individuals. In this study we investigated sleep alterations, the factors involved, and the role of cortisol in sleep-related problems in institutionalised individuals. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study in participants living in nursing homes in Valencia (Spain); sleep alterations were determined based on two validated tools: the Athens insomnia scale and Oviedo sleep questionnaire...
November 30, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896358/emergence-of-ordered-network-mesophases-in-kinetic-pathways-of-order-order-transition-for-linear-abc-triblock-terpolymers
#20
Tongjie Sun, Ping Tang, Feng Qiu, An-Chang Shi
Applying the string method to the self-consistent field theory (SCFT) of ABC linear triblock copolymers, we developed a new strategy to design kinetic pathways for the formation of stable or metastable network mesophases in order-order transition (OOT) processes. The design principle regarding the kinetic pathways between distinct mesophases is based on the matching relationships of both domain spacing and dominant Fourier components of the density distributions. The results suggest that complex ordered network mesophases, such as alternating diamond (D(A)) and alternating plumber's nightmare (P(A)) could be obtained in kinetic pathways between simple phases covering lamellae, cylinders and spheres...
December 6, 2016: Soft Matter
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