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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911990/academic-nightmares-predatory-publishing
#1
Sonya E Van Nuland, Kem A Rogers
Academic researchers who seek to publish their work are confronted daily with a barrage of e-mails from aggressive marketing campaigns that solicit them to publish their research with a specialized, often newly launched, journal. Known as predatory journals, they often promise high editorial and publishing standards, yet their exploitive business models, poor quality control, and minimal overall transparency victimize those researchers with limited academic experience and pave the way for low-quality articles that threaten the foundation of evidence-based research...
December 2, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908262/sleep-alterations-in-non-demented-older-individuals-the-role-of-cortisol
#2
Ana Belén Castelló-Domenech, Vanessa Ibáñez Del Valle, Julio Fernández-Garrido, Mary Martínez-Martínez, Omar Cauli
BACKGROUND: Sleep alterations can impair quality of life and contribute to disease progression but they, and their features and contributing factors, are rarely analysed in institutionalised older individuals. In this study we investigated sleep alterations, the factors involved, and the role of cortisol in sleep-related problems in institutionalised individuals. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study in participants living in nursing homes in Valencia (Spain); sleep alterations were determined based on two validated tools: the Athens insomnia scale and Oviedo sleep questionnaire...
November 30, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896358/emergence-of-ordered-network-mesophases-in-kinetic-pathways-of-order-order-transition-for-linear-abc-triblock-terpolymers
#3
Tongjie Sun, Ping Tang, Feng Qiu, An-Chang Shi
Applying the string method to the self-consistent field theory (SCFT) of ABC linear triblock copolymers, we developed a new strategy to design kinetic pathways for the formation of stable or metastable network mesophases in order-order transition (OOT) processes. The design principle regarding the kinetic pathways between distinct mesophases is based on the matching relationships of both domain spacing and dominant Fourier components of the density distributions. The results suggest that complex ordered network mesophases, such as alternating diamond (D(A)) and alternating plumber's nightmare (P(A)) could be obtained in kinetic pathways between simple phases covering lamellae, cylinders and spheres...
November 29, 2016: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890968/pollen-nightmare-elevated-airborne-pollen-levels-at-night
#4
Ł Grewling, P Bogawski, M Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Aerobiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885854/gossypibomas-a-surgeon-s-nightmare-patient-demographics-risk-factors-imaging-and-how-we-can-prevent-it
#5
Rishi Philip Mathew, Binston Thomas, Ram Shenoy Basti, Hadihally B Suresh
OBJECTIVES: Gossypibomas are cottinoid matrix left behind following surgery. Due to the legal issues associated with it, very few literature studies are available online, most of them being case reports. The purpose of our study was to identify the patient demographics, risk factors and imaging features. METHODS: Six surgically identified and histopathologically confirmed cases of gossypibomas recorded over a period 7 years from a single tertiary institution were retrospectively evaluated for patient demographics (sex, age, BMI), type of surgery, and duration from time of surgery to onset of symptoms...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881921/the-occurrence-and-predictive-factors-of-sleep-paralysis-in-university-students
#6
Monika Lišková, Denisa Janečková, Lucie Klůzová Kráčmarová, Karolína Mladá, Jitka Bušková
The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence and predictive factors of sleep paralysis (SP) in Czech university students. Our sample included 606 students who had experienced at least one episode of SP. The participants completed an online battery of questionnaires involving questionnaires focused on describing their sleep habits and SP episodes, the 18-item Boundary Questionnaire (BQ-18), the Modified Tellegen Absorption Scale (MODTAS), the Dissociative Experience Scale Taxon, the Beck Depression Inventory II and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881608/genetics-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-from-the-worst-of-nightmares-to-the-light-of-dawn
#7
EDITORIAL
Ronald C W Ma, Mark E Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867101/regulation-of-fear-extinction-by-long-term-depression-the-roles-of-endocannabinoids-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor
#8
REVIEW
Maxwell R Bennett, Jonathon Arnold, Sean N Hatton, Jim Lagopoulos
The extinction of a conditioned fear response is of great interest in the search for a means of ameliorating adverse neurobiological changes resulting from stress. The discovery that endocannibinoid (EC) levels are inversely related to the extent of such stress, and that the amygdala is a primary site mediating stress, suggests that ECs in this brain region might play a major role in extinction. Supporting this are the observations that the basolateral complex of the amygdala shows an increase in ECs only during extinction and that early clinical trials indicate that cannabinoid-like agents, when taken orally by patients suffering from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reduce insomnia and nightmares...
November 17, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862139/differential-diagnosis-of-hyponatraemia-moving-forward
#9
Ewout J Hoorn
Hyponatraemia is a resident's nightmare. A water balance disorder disguised as decreased serum sodium concentration. A plethora of diagnostic algorithms that seem to have been developed with the sole purpose of getting you lost as quickly as possible. Nothing but untrustworthy parameters to guide you through this dark wood. And when you finally see light at the end of the tunnel, there is always some staff member, alias electrolyte aficionado, who enjoys public interrogation and makes you feel you're back to square one...
November 8, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859588/influence-of-sleep-disturbance-on-global-functioning-after-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-treatment
#10
Janeese A Brownlow, Carmen P McLean, Philip R Gehrman, Gerlinde C Harb, Richard J Ross, Edna B Foa
Chronic insomnia and recurrent nightmares are prominent features of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Evidence from adult research indicates that these sleep disturbances do not respond as well to cognitive-behavioral therapies for PTSD and are associated with poorer functional outcomes. This study examined the effect of prolonged exposure therapy for adolescents versus client-centered therapy on posttraumatic sleep disturbance, and the extent to which sleep symptoms impacted global functioning among adolescents with sexual abuse-related PTSD...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859181/the-analyst-s-narrative-function-inventing-a-possibility
#11
Maria Cecília Pereira da Silva
This article describes a psychic function common to analysts that was gradually revealed through clinical work with children. It is a psychic quality derived from function α, which involves analysts' capacity for reverie - their narrative function. The author presents two clinical situations where this function developed in the analytic field in relation to patients' difficulty in symbolizing. In the first case there was an early traumatic experience unavailable for representation. The analyst lent the patient her ability to represent and produced a narrative that made it possible to create a world of phantasies and transform nightmares into 'dreamable' dreams...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847864/smart-optical-coherence-tomography-for-ultra-deep-imaging-through-highly-scattering-media
#12
Amaury Badon, Dayan Li, Geoffroy Lerosey, A Claude Boccara, Mathias Fink, Alexandre Aubry
Multiple scattering of waves in disordered media is a nightmare whether it is for detection or imaging purposes. So far, the best approach to get rid of multiple scattering is optical coherence tomography. This basically combines confocal microscopy and coherence time gating to discriminate ballistic photons from a predominant multiple scattering background. Nevertheless, the imaging-depth range remains limited to 1 mm at best in human soft tissues because of aberrations and multiple scattering. We propose a matrix approach of optical imaging to push back this fundamental limit...
November 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837575/dreams-in-ancient-greek-medicine
#13
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, E Vasilopoulos, M Karamanou, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Dreams preoccupied the Greek and Roman world in antiquity, therefore they had a prominent role in social, philosophical, religious, historical and political life of those times. They were considered as omens and prophetic signs of future events in private and public life, and that was particularly accentuated when elements of actions which took place in the plot of dreams were associated directly or indirectly with real events. This is why it was important to use them in divination, and helped the growth of superstition and folklore believes...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833504/tension-pneumothorax-as-a-complication-of-colonic-perforation-during-colonoscopy-an-anesthesiologist-s-nightmare
#14
Kelika Prakash, Anshuman Singh, Sandeep Sharma, Vijay Kant Pandey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829406/nightmare-frequency-in-last-trimester-of-pregnancy
#15
Michael Schredl, Maria Gilles, Isabell Wolf, Verena Peus, Barbara Scharnholz, Marc Sütterlin, Michael Deuschle
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-related dreams are often found in pregnant women but also the number of negatively toned dreams seems to be increased in this challenging phase of a woman's life. METHODS: Nightmare frequency and subjectively experienced stress was elicited via questionnaires. The mothers-to-be were approached during their application visit about 4-8 weeks prior to delivery in three obstetric hospitals. The present analysis included 406 women aged 16-40 years in the last trimester of their pregnancy...
November 9, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828694/efficacy-of-prazosin-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Balwinder Singh, Andrew J Hughes, Gaurav Mehta, Patricia J Erwin, Ajay K Parsaik
OBJECTIVE: To consolidate the evidence from the literature to evaluate the role of prazosin in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). DATA SOURCES: Major databases, including PubMed, Ovid EMBASE, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Ovid PsycINFO, and Scopus, were searched through August 2015 for studies reporting the role of prazosin in the treatment of PTSD with no language constraints...
July 28, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824309/-personalized-medicine-in-psychiatry-nightmare-of-the-industry
#17
Judit Lazary, Monika Elemery, Iren Csala, Gabor Faludi
Personalized medicine is a hot topic in the literature of the psychiatric field but it seems that regular clinical application of valid tests are awaited. Urgent requirement of objective tools for screening high-risk patients is postulated by prominent authors because long-term set up time, serious side effects or ineffectiveness of psychiatric agents mean a great challenge for clinicians to find optimal therapy on time. Unwanted suffering from inaccurate medicine, progression of the disorder and mistrust or in adherence of the patients are dramatic consequences of the delay of adequate therapy which is linked with irreversible health and mental damages and financial loss...
September 2016: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822278/prazosin-for-trauma-nightmares-and-sleep-disturbances-in-combat-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Habibolah Khazaie, Marzie Nasouri, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami
BACKGROUND: Prazosin is significantly effective to reduce sleep disturbance and trauma nightmare in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, results of different studies were evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The current randomized clinical trial aimed to assess the effects of prazosin on sleep parameters and nightmares among veterans with chronic PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two veterans with chronic war-induced PTSD and distressing nightmares were randomized into prazosin and placebo groups for eight weeks...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800462/nightmare-frequency-nightmare-distress-and-the-efficiency-of-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Katia Levrier, Andre Marchand, Genevieve Belleville, Beaulieu-Prevost Dominic, Stephane Guay
BACKGROUND: Up to 71% of trauma victims diagnosed with PTSD have frequent nightmares (NM), compared to only 2% to 5% of the general population. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined whether nightmares before the beginning of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) could influence overall PTSD symptom reduction for 71 individuals with PTSD and different types of traumatic events. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants received a validated CBT of 20 weekly individual sessions...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798979/role-of-radiological-parameters-in-predicting-overall-shunt-outcome-after-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion-in-pediatric-patients-with-obstructive-hydrocephalus
#20
Devi Prasad Patra, Shyamal C Bir, Tanmoy K Maiti, Piyush Kalakoti, Hugo Cuellar, Bharat Guthikonda, Hai Sun, Christina Notarianni, Anil Nanda
OBJECTIVE Despite significant advances in the medical field and shunt technology, shunt malfunction remains a nightmare of pediatric neurosurgeons. In this setting, the ability to preoperatively predict the probability of shunt malfunction is quite compelling. The authors have compared the preoperative radiological findings in obstructive hydrocephalus and the subsequent clinical course of the patient to determine any association with overall shunt outcome. METHODS This retrospective study included all pediatric patients (age < 18 years) who had undergone ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion for obstructive hydrocephalus...
November 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
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