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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506142/the-frustrated-and-helpless-healer-pathways-approaches-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorders
#1
Donald Moss
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a psychophysiological disorder, characterized by the following: chronic sympathetic nervous activation; persisting perceptual/sensory vigilance for threats; recurrent distressing memories of the event, including intrusive memories, flashbacks lived as if in the present moment, and nightmares; and a persisting negative emotional state including fear and shame. The psychophysiological basis for this disorder calls for psychophysiologically based interventions. This article presents the case narrative of a 29-year-old national guardsman, exposed to combat trauma and later to civilian trauma in public safety work...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487095/workplace-violence-against-emergency-nurses-in-taiwan-a-phenomenographic-study
#2
Chin-Yen Han, Chun-Chih Lin, Alan Barnard, Ya-Chu Hsiao, Suzanne Goopy, Li-Chin Chen
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) is a serious problem in health care in Taiwan, as it is worldwide. Among all nursing staff, emergency department (ED) nurses are at the highest risk of WPV; yet, little attention has been paid to nurses as WPV victims. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to understand ED nurses' WPV experiences and perspectives. METHODS: An interpretive qualitative phenomenographic design was used to answer the following research question: what are the qualitatively different ways in which nurses in Taiwan experience WPV in the ED? Thirty ED nurses who identified as experienced with WPV were interviewed, and phenomenographic analysis was used to assess the data...
April 13, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476256/-the-post-traumatic-nightmare-or-the-ghost-of-past-trauma
#3
REVIEW
Pierrick Disdier
The post-traumatic nightmare is the reliving of traumatic scenes during sleep and is linked to post-traumatic stress disorder. Unlike other forms of dreams, it can happen at any stage of sleep, invasively, and makes the person relive their traumatic scenario, which can plunge them into a state of terror and shock. Post-traumatic nightmares thereby maintain and reactivate the traumatic memory. However, narration techniques can lead to a marked improvement and even the disappearance of these nightmares.
May 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456054/nightmares-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-the-mediating-role-of-emotional-dysregulation
#4
Chelsea R Ennis, Nicole A Short, Allison J Moltisanti, Caitlin E Smith, Thomas E Joiner, Jeanette Taylor
INTRODUCTION: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a transdiagnostic behavior associated with significant psychopathology. Research has shown a positive association between sleep disturbances, (e.g., nightmares and insomnia), and suicidal behavior, however, the relation between NSSI and sleep disturbances has yet to be examined. Sleep disturbances have been found to have a causal role in problems with emotional dysfunction. Specifically, sleep disturbances inhibit the emotion processing function of sleep...
April 18, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449895/the-effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-prospective-study
#5
Ali A El-Solh, Leah Vermont, Gregory G Homish, Thomas Kufel
OBJECTIVES: Previous retrospective studies have shown that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) exerts salutary effect on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and nightmare distress. The relative magnitude of therapeutic benefits from CPAP and the strength of associations between duration of CPAP use and PTSD symptomatology are unknown. METHODS: A prospective cohort design involving 47 combat veterans with PTSD and documented obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by overnight polysomnography...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428699/putative-role-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-among-poorly-controlled-asthmatics-in-south-indian-population
#6
Murugaiyan Sathish Babu, K P Sreesoorya, Surendra K Menon, Subiman Saha, A R Srinivasan, S Arul Vijaya Vani, R Reeta, V Kuzhandai Velu
Mortality and morbidity attributed to asthma remains to be the biggest nightmare worldwide. Hence, the study was aimed to compare the cardio metabolic risk factors as assessed by Body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR), serum triacylglycerol and uric acid in well controlled and poorly controlled asthmatics and to correlate these parameters with the severity of asthma. A case control study was conducted on 90 subjects who were segregated into well controlled asthmatics (n = 30) and poorly controlled asthmatics (n = 30) who were diagnosed based on Global initiative for Asthma management guidelines and healthy volunteers (n = 30)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402579/glitch-in-the-switch
#7
Joey Berlin
Migrating patient records from one electronic health record system to another can be a nightmare. A La Porte pediatrician's experience provides a cautionary tale for all physicians.
April 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400693/ludwig-s-angina-a-nightmare-worsened-by-adverse-drug-reaction-to-antibiotics
#8
Mohamed Hisham, Mundilipalayam N Sivakumar, R S Senthil Kumar, P Nandakumar
A 52-year-old obese gentleman presented to the hospital with complaints of fever and shortness of breath for 10 days. He was admitted in the ward and treated for acute exacerbation of asthma. He was shifted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for persistent fever, neck swelling, airway obstruction and desaturation. Ludwig's angina was suspected and computed tomography of neck confirmed it. A difficult airway was anticipated and preceded with surgical tracheostomy. The patient had hypersensitivity reactions to piperacillin/tazobactam; hence, he was treated with clindamycin and metronidazole...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396186/-eight-days-of-nightmares-%C3%A2-octogenarian-patients-experiences-of-postoperative-delirium-after-transcatheter-or-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#9
Irene Instenes, Eva Gjengedal, Leslie S P Eide, Karel K J Kuiper, Anette H Ranhoff, Tone M Norekvål
BACKGROUND: Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are increasingly performed in octogenarian patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), including those with high surgical risk. Postoperative delirium (PD) is a common and serious complication in older patients, characterised by reduced awareness, change in consciousness, disturbance in logical thinking and hallucinations. METHODS: To explore how octogenarian patients experienced PD, a qualitative study was conducted including five women and five men between 81 and 88 years...
March 20, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390221/overarousal-as-a-mechanism-of-the-relation-between-rumination-and-suicidality
#10
Megan L Rogers, Matthew E Schneider, Raymond P Tucker, Keyne C Law, Michael D Anestis, Thomas E Joiner
Rumination, particularly brooding, is associated with suicidal ideation and attempts; however, mechanisms of these associations have not been identified. The present study examined manifestations of overarousal-agitation, insomnia, and nightmares-that have been linked to both rumination and suicide as indirect indicators of the link between brooding and suicidal ideation/attempts. A sample of 492 psychiatric outpatients (64.2% female), aged 17-65 years (M = 26.75, SD = 10.32), completed self-report measures before their intake appointments with a therapist...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381442/traversing-the-rna-world
#11
Witold Filipowicz
An invitation to write a ″Reflections″ type of article creates a certain ambivalence: it is a great honor but it also infers the end of your professional career. Before you vanish for good, your colleagues look forward to an interesting but entertaining account of the ups-and-downs of your past research and your views on science in general, peppered with indiscrete anecdotes about your former competitors and collaborators. What follows will disappoint those who await complaint and criticism, for example about the difficulties of doing research in the 1960s and 1970s in Eastern Europe, or those seeking very personal revelations...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379130/-evaluation-of-insomnia-as-a-risk-factor-for-suicide
#12
REVIEW
Franklin Escobar-Córdoba, Margarita Quijano-Serrano, José Manuel Calvo-González
OBJECTIVE: Perform a non-systematic review of the literature to describe the relationship between insomnia and suicide and the findings of these studies. METHODS: A search was conducted in PubMed, Medline, SciELO, LILACS, and Cochrane Library OVID data combining MeSH terms: "Suicide and sleep initiation and maintenance disorders". RESULTS: Insomnia has been related to suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and suicide deaths in cross sectional studies since more than a decade...
2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369964/unconscious-fantasy-in-context-the-work-of-jacob-a-arlow
#13
Gail S Reed
For Jacob A. Arlow, understanding unconscious fantasies was central to his clinical work. These fantasies are to be found at the core of those eruptions that break without warning into our ordinary lives, whether in the form of hysterical symptoms, daydreams or nightmares. What, however, could an unconscious fantasy be on a theoretical level, beyond a vehicle for discharge? Although partly unconscious, such fantasies are sometimes composed of fixed verbal content with a high degree of internal organisation...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364589/investigating-insomnia-as-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-predictor-of-loneliness-findings-from-six-samples
#14
Melanie A Hom, Jennifer L Hames, Lindsay P Bodell, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Carol Chu, Megan L Rogers, Bruno Chiurliza, Matthew S Michaels, Jessica D Ribeiro, Michael R Nadorff, E Samuel Winer, Ingrid C Lim, M David Rudd, Thomas E Joiner
Loneliness has been repeatedly associated with sleep problems; however, there is a dearth of research examining the prospective relationship between insomnia and loneliness, as well as this association controlling for other psychiatric symptoms. This study evaluated the cross-sectional and prospective relationship between insomnia and loneliness using six samples: 666 undergraduates; 2785 Army recruiters; 208 adults with a history of suicidality and/or depression; 343 adult psychiatric outpatients; 326 young adults at elevated suicide risk; and 183 undergraduates...
March 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363448/trauma-associated-sleep-disorder-a-parasomnia-induced-by-trauma
#15
REVIEW
Vincent Mysliwiec, Matthew S Brock, Jennifer L Creamer, Brian M O'Reilly, Anne Germain, Bernard J Roth
Nightmares and disruptive nocturnal behaviors that develop after traumatic experiences have long been recognized as having different clinical characteristics that overlap with other established parasomnia diagnoses. The inciting experience is typically in the setting of extreme traumatic stress coupled with periods of sleep disruption and/or deprivation. The limited number of laboratory documented cases and symptomatic overlap with rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have contributed to difficulties in identifying what is a unique parasomnia...
January 30, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356170/oenococcus-oeni-queen-of-the-cellar-nightmare-of-geneticists
#16
Cosette Grandvalet
Oenococcus oeni is a wine-associated lactic acid bacterium (LAB) responsible mostly for wine malolactic fermentation (MLF). This fastidious bacterium (auxotrophic for many amino acids and slow growing) possesses remarkable adaptability to harsh physicochemical conditions and can reprogramme its metabolic pathways to enhance its survival in wine. Thus, O. oeni is an instructive bacterial model for investigating stress response mechanisms in LAB. However, the lack of appropriate techniques to modify the O. oeni genome has hampered molecular studies of this species...
March 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349316/cannabis-cannabinoids-and-sleep-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Kimberly A Babson, James Sottile, Danielle Morabito
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review aims to summarize the state of research on cannabis and sleep up to 2014 and to review in detail the literature on cannabis and specific sleep disorders from 2014 to the time of publication. RECENT FINDINGS: Preliminary research into cannabis and insomnia suggests that cannabidiol (CBD) may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of insomnia. Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) may decrease sleep latency but could impair sleep quality long-term...
April 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348911/a-case-of-persistent-generalized-retrograde-autobiographical-amnesia-subsequent-to-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-in-2011
#18
Yuji Odagaki
Functional retrograde autobiographical amnesia is often associated with physical and/or psychological trauma. On 11 March 2011, the largest earthquake on record in Japan took place, and subsequent huge tsunami devastated the Pacific coast of northern Japan. This case report describes a patient suffering from retrograde episodic-autobiographical amnesia for whole life, persisting for even more than five years after the disaster. A Japanese man, presumably in his 40s, got police protection in April 2016 but was unable to respond to question about his own name...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346959/mirtazapine-induces-nightmares-in-depressed-patients
#19
Jens-Armin Buschkamp, Corinna Frohn, Georg Juckel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332861/treatment-of-nightmares-in-psychiatric-inpatients-with-imagery-rehearsal-therapy-an-open-trial-and-case-series
#20
Thomas E Ellis, Katrina A Rufino, Michael R Nadorff
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the utility of Imagery Rehearsal Therapy (IRT) for nightmares in an inpatient psychiatric setting. Although IRT enjoys a substantial evidence base for efficacy in various populations, data with psychiatric inpatients are lacking. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 20 adult psychiatric inpatients (11 male, 9 female; mean age=43.4), in an extended stay psychiatric inpatient facility. All participants were diagnosed with multiple, treatment resistant, comorbid conditions, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and substance-related disorders...
March 23, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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