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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352654/resistance-training-during-a-12-week-protein-supplemented-vlcd-treatment-enhances-weight-loss-outcomes-in-obese-patients
#1
Edward Jo, Phillip R Worts, Marcus L Elam, Ann Frost Brown, Andy V Khamoui, Do-Houn Kim, Ming-Chia Yeh, Michael J Ormsbee, Carla M Prado, Angelina Cain, Katie Snyder, Jeong-Su Kim
BACKGROUND: This investigation evaluated the efficacy by which resistance training enhances body composition, metabolic, and functional outcomes for obese patients undergoing a 12-week medically supervised hypocaloric treatment. METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomized, parallel-group prospective trial. Morbidly obese patients were prescribed a 12-week proprietary very low calorie diet (VLCD) treatment (Optifast®) with supplemental protein (1120 kcals/day) and were placed in one of two groups for 14 weeks: 1) Standard Treatment Control (CON) (n = 5) or 2) Resistance Training (RT) (n = 6)...
December 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351906/edc-impact-molecular-effects-of-developmental-fm-550-exposure-in-wistar-rat-placenta-and-fetal-forebrain
#2
Kylie R Baldwin, Brian Horman, Allison L Phillips, Susan L McRitchie, Scott Watson, Jocelin Deese-Spruill, Dereje Jima, Susan Sumner, Heather Stapleton, Heather Patisaul
Firemaster 550 (FM 550) is a flame retardant (FR) mixture that has become one of the most commonly used FRs in foam-based furniture and baby products. Human exposure to this commercial mixture, comprised of brominated and organophosphate components, is widespread. We have repeatedly shown that developmental exposure can lead to sex-specific behavioral effects in rats. Accruing evidence of endocrine disruption and potential neurotoxicity have raised concerns regarding the neurodevelopmental effects of FM 550 exposure, but the specific mechanisms of action remains unclear...
January 19, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351755/bone-mineral-density-at-the-hip-and-its-relation-to-fat-mass-and-lean-mass-in-adolescents-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#3
Anne Winther, Lone Jørgensen, Luai Awad Ahmed, Tore Christoffersen, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Guri Grimnes, Rolf Jorde, Ole Andreas Nilsen, Elaine Dennison, Nina Emaus
BACKGROUND: Positive association between body weight and bone mass is well established, and the concept of body mass index (BMI) is associated with higher areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and reduced fracture risk. BMI, that comprises both fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) may contribute to peak bone mass achievement in different ways. This study explored the influence of body composition in terms of total body LM and FM on hip aBMD-values in adolescence. METHODS: In 2010/2011, 93% of the region's first-year upper-secondary school students (15-17 years old) in Tromsø, Norway attended the Tromsø Study, Fit Futures...
January 19, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351380/the-clinical-impact-of-different-adherence-behaviours-in-patients-with-severe-copd
#4
Breda Cushen, Imran Sulaiman, Garrett Greene, Elaine MacHale, Matshediso Mokoka, Richard B Reilly, Kathleen Bennett, Job Fm van Boven, Richard W Costello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350935/reconfigurable-skyrmion-logic-gates
#5
Shijiang Luo, Min Song, Xin Li, Yue Zhang, Jeongmin Hong, Xiaofei Yang, Xuecheng Zou, Nuo Xu, Long You
Magnetic skyrmion, a nano-sized spin texture with topological property, has become an area of significant interest due to the scientific insight that it can provide and also its potential impact on applications such as ultra low-energy and ultra high-density logic gates. In the quest for the reconfiguration of single logic device and the implementation of the complete logic functions, a novel reconfigurable skyrmion logic (RSL) is proposed and verified by micromagnetic simulations. Logic functions including AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, XOR, and XNOR are implemented in the ferromagnetic (FM) nanotrack by virtue of various effects including spin orbit torque, skyrmion Hall effect, skyrmion-edge repulsions, and skyrmion-skyrmion collision...
January 19, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350916/rhombohedral-to-cubic-conversion-of-gete-via-mnte-alloying-leads-to-ultralow-thermal-conductivity-electronic-band-convergence-and-high-thermoelectric-performance
#6
Zheng Zheng, Xianli Su, Rigui Deng, Constantinos C Stoumpos, Hongyao Xie, Wei Liu, Yonggao Yan, Shiqiang Hao, Ctirad Uher, Chris Wolverton, Mercouri G Kanatzidis, Xinfeng Tang
In this study, a series of Ge1-xMnxTe (x=0-0.21) compounds were prepared by melting-quenching-annealing process combined with Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS). The effect of alloying MnTe into GeTe on the structure and thermoelectric properties of Ge1-xMnxTe is profound. With increasing content of MnTe, the structure of the Ge1-xMnxTe compounds gradually changes from rhombohedral to cubic, and the known R3m to Fm-3m phase transition temperature of GeTe moves from 700 K closer to room temperature. First-principles density functional theory calculations show that alloying MnTe into GeTe decreases the energy difference between the light and heavy valence bands in both the R3m and the Fm-3m structures, enhancing a multi-band character of the valence band edge that increases the hole carrier effective mass...
January 19, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349740/can-cd-translocation-in-oryza-sativa-l-be-attenuated-by-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-in-the-presence-of-edta
#7
Xiaochen Huang, Guangnan An, Shishu Zhu, Li Wang, Fang Ma
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi play an important role in plant tolerance of heavy metal contamination. In this study, a pot experiment was conducted to illustrate the effects of the two AM fungi species Funneliformis mosseae (Fm) and Rhizophagus irregularis (Ri) on plant growth of Oryza sativa L. either with or without ethylenediamine tetraacetate (EDTA) addition and during exposure to five Cd concentrations (in the range of 0-5 mg kg-1). The results showed that Fm inoculation achieved greater mycorrhizal colonization and mycorrhizal dependency indexes than Ri inoculation...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347216/ordering-phenomena-in-a-heterostructure-of-frustrated-and-unfrustrated-triangular-lattice-ising-layers
#8
Milan Žukovič, Yusuke Tomita, Y Kamiya
We study critical and magnetic properties of a bilayer Ising system consisting of two triangular planes A and B, with the antiferromagnetic (AF) coupling J_{A} and the ferromagnetic (FM) one J_{B} for the respective layers, which are coupled by the interlayer interaction J_{AB} by using Monte Carlo simulations. When J_{A} and J_{B} are of the same order, the unfrustrated FM plane orders first at a high temperature T_{c1}∼J_{B}. The spontaneous FM order then exerts influence on the other frustrated AF plane as an effective magnetic field, which subsequently induces a ferrimagnetic order in this plane at low temperatures below T_{c2}...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346698/procedural-knowledge-and-skills-of-residents-entering-canadian-family-medicine-programs-in-alberta
#9
Juan Antonio Garcia-Rodriguez, James A Dickinson, Grace Perez, David Ross, Lilian Au, Shelley Ross, Oksana Babenko, Ian Johnston
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Incoming family medicine (FM) residents start residency with different levels of procedural training. Understanding their baseline skill level is necessary to plan the educational experiences and teaching methods that will provide the desired knowledge, skills, and attitudes related to performing medical procedures. METHODS: A survey of 69 procedures based on the core list issued by the College of Family Physicians of Canada was administered to incoming residents in Alberta (Calgary and Edmonton FM programs)...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346545/influence-of-nicotine-metabolism-ratio-on-11c-phno-pet-binding-in-tobacco-smokers
#10
Patricia Di Ciano, Rachel F Tyndale, Esmaeil Mansouri, Christian S Hendershot, Alan A Wilson, Dina Lagzdins, Sylvain Houle, Isabelle Boileau, Bernard Le Foll
Background: Identifying the biological basis of smoking cessation success is of growing interest. The rate of nicotine metabolism, measured by the nicotine metabolite ratio (NMR), affects multiple aspects of nicotine dependence. Fast nicotine metabolizers (FM) tend to smoke more, experience more withdrawal and craving and have lower cessation rates as compared to slow metabolizers (SM). The NMR predicts treatment response, and differences in brain activation between FM and SM have been reported in fMRI studies...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346452/body-shape-indices-are-predictors-for-estimating-fat-free-mass-in-male-athletes
#11
Yohei Takai, Miyuki Nakatani, Toru Aoki, Daisuke Komori, Kazuyuki Oyamada, Kensuke Murata, Eiji Fujita, Takuya Akamine, Yoshihisa Urita, Masayoshi Yamamoto, Hiroaki Kanehisa
It is unknown whether body size and body shape parameters can be predictors for estimating whole body fat-free mass (FFM) in male athletes. This study aimed to investigate whether body size and shape variables can be predictors for FFM in male athletes. Using a whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanner, whole body fat mass (FM) and FFM were determined in 132 male athletes and 14 sedentary males. The sample was divided into two groups: validation (N = 98) and cross-validation (N = 48) groups. Body height (BH), body mass (BM), and waist circumference at immediately above the iliac crest (W) were measured...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346438/colonization-of-the-cervicovaginal-space-with-gardnerella-vaginalis-leads-to-local-inflammation-and-cervical-remodeling-in-pregnant-mice
#12
Luz-Jeannette Sierra, Amy G Brown, Guillermo O Barilá, Lauren Anton, Carrie E Barnum, Snehal S Shetye, Louis J Soslowsky, Michal A Elovitz
The role of the cervicovaginal (CV) microbiome in regulating cervical function during pregnancy is poorly understood. Gardnerella vaginalis (G. vaginalis) is the most common bacteria associated with the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (BV). While BV has been associated with preterm birth (PTB), clinical trials targeting BV do not decrease PTB rates. It remains unknown if G. vaginalis is capable of triggering molecular, biomechanical and cellular events that could lead to PTB. The objective of this study was to determine if cervicovaginal colonization with G...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345858/cardiopulmonary-fitness-is-strongly-associated-with-body-cell-mass-and-fat-free-mass
#13
Armin Köhler, Ryan King, Martin Bahls, Stefan Groß, Antje Steveling, Simone Gärtner, Sabine Schipf, Sven Gläser, Henry Völzke, Stephan B Felix, Marcello Ricardo Paulista Markus, Marcus Dörr
BACKGROUND: Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is commonly indexed by total body weight (TBW) to determine cardiopulmonary fitness (CPF). This approach may lead to misinterpretation, particularly in obese subjects. We investigated the normalization of VO2peak by different body composition markers. METHODS: We analyzed combined data of 3,848 subjects (1,914 women; 49.7%), aged 20-90, from two independent cohorts of the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-2 and SHIP-TREND)...
January 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345751/first-evidence-of-freezing-tolerance-in-a-resurrection-plant-insights-into-molecular-mobility-and-zeaxanthin-synthesis-in-the-dark
#14
Beatriz Fernández-Marín, Gilbert Neuner, Edith Kuprian, Jose Manuel Laza, J I José Ignacio García-Plazaola, Amy Verhoeven
The photoprotective mechanisms of desiccation tolerance and freezing tolerance and their relation to molecular mobility (cell vitrification) were assessed in a single model: the exceptional subalpine and resurrection plant Ramonda myconi. Dehydrated leaves showed a drop in Fv /Fm accompanied by synthesis of zeaxanthin (Z), even in the dark, which was limited by cell vitrification after complete desiccation. The recovery of Fv /Fm after a severe drying treatment (7 d at 50% RH) confirmed the tolerance of R. myconi leaves to desiccation...
January 18, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343845/metal-free-magnetism-spin-dependent-seebeck-effect-and-spin-seebeck-diode-effect-in-armchair-graphene-nanoribbons
#15
Xiao-Qin Tang, Xue-Mei Ye, Xing-Yi Tan, Da-Hua Ren
Metal-free magnetism and spin caloritronics are at the forefront of condensed-matter physics. Here, the electronic structures and thermal spin-dependent transport properties of armchair graphene nanoribbons (N-AGNRs), where N is the ribbon width (N = 5-23), are systematically studied. The results show that the indirect band gaps exhibit not only oscillatory behavior but also periodic characteristics with E 3p  > E3p+1 > E3p+2 (E 3p , E3p+1 and E3p+2 are the band gaps energy) for a certain integer p, with increasing AGNR width...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343477/role-of-asic3-nav1-7-and-nav1-8-in-electroacupuncture-induced-analgesia-in-a-mouse-model-of-fibromyalgia-pain
#16
Liang-Ta Yen, Yu-Chan Hsu, Jaung-Geng Lin, Ching-Liang Hsieh, Yi-Wen Lin
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying fibromyalgia (FM) pain are not understood. The US Food and Drug Administration has recommended three drugs for treating FM-namely, pregabalin, duloxetine and milnacipran; however, these medications are associated with severe side effects. OBJECTIVE: To create a mouse model of FM pain using dual injections of acidic saline to cause mechanical hyperalgesia and test whether ASIC3, Nav1.7 and Nav1.8 are involved in this process and whether electroacupuncture (EA) can reverse these phenomena...
January 17, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343187/mechanical-and-antibacterial-properties-of-benzothiazole-based-dental-resin-materials
#17
Wenbin Zhu, Chonghui Lao, Shuzhen Luo, Fang Liu, Qiting Huang, Jingwei He, Zhengmei Lin
A synthesized benzothiazole containing mono-methacrylate monomer BTTMA was incorporated into Bis-GMA/TEGDMA dental resin system with a series of mass concentration from 5 wt.% to 30 wt.% as an antibacterial agent. The influence of BTTMA on physicochemical properties of dental resin system, such as double bond conversion (DC), volumetric shrinkage (VS), flexural strength (FS) and modulus (FM), water sorption (WS) and solubility (SL) were investigated. Direct contact testing and agar diffusion testing were used to evaluate the antibacterial activity of BTTMA containing dental resin...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342078/spin-absorption-effect-at-ferromagnet-ge-schottky-tunnel-contacts
#18
Michihiro Yamada, Yuichi Fujita, Shinya Yamada, Kentarou Sawano, Kohei Hamaya
We study the influence of the junction size in ferromagnet (FM)/semiconductor (SC) contacts on four-terminal nonlocal spin signals in SC-based lateral spin-valve (LSV) structures. When we use FM/Ge Schottky-tunnel junctions with relatively low resistance-area products, the magnitude of the nonlocal spin signal depends clearly on the junction size, indicating the presence of the spin absorption effect at the spin-injector contact. The temperature-dependent spin signal can also be affected by the spin absorption effect...
January 17, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341705/electromagnetic-charge-radius-of-the-pion-at-high-precision
#19
B Ananthanarayan, Irinel Caprini, Diganta Das
We present a determination of the pion charge radius from high precision data on the pion vector form factor from both timelike and spacelike regions, using a novel formalism based on analyticity and unitarity. At low energies, instead of the poorly known modulus of the form factor, we use its phase, known with high accuracy from Roy equations for ππ elastic scattering via the Fermi-Watson theorem. We use also the values of the modulus at several higher timelike energies, where the data from e^{+}e^{-} annihilation and τ decay are mutually consistent, as well as the most recent measurements at spacelike momenta...
September 29, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341629/mirror-charge-radii-and-the-neutron-equation-of-state
#20
B Alex Brown
The differences in the charge radii of mirror nuclei are shown to be proportional to the derivative of the neutron equation of state and the symmetry energy at nuclear matter saturation density. This derivative is important for constraining the neutron equation of state for use in astrophysics. The charge radii of several neutron-rich nuclei are already measured to the accuracy of about 0.005 fm. Experiments at isotope-separator and radioactive-beam facilities are needed to measure the charge radii of the corresponding proton-rich mirror nuclei to a similar accuracy...
September 22, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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