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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636718/trends-and-outcomes-of-off-label-use-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-insights-from-the-ncdr-sts-acc-tvt-registry
#1
Ravi S Hira, Sreekanth Vemulapalli, Zhuokai Li, James M McCabe, John S Rumsfeld, Samir R Kapadia, Mahboob Alam, Hani Jneid, Creighton Don, Mark Reisman, Salim S Virani, Neal S Kleiman
Importance: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for severe aortic stenosis in patients who cannot undergo surgery and for patients at high operative risk. Use of TAVR for off-label indications has not been previously reported. Objective: To evaluate patterns and adverse outcomes of off-label use of TAVR in US clinical practice. Design, Setting and Participants: Patients receiving commercially funded TAVR in the United States are included in the Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615734/the-role-of-organic-acids-on-microbial-deterioration-in-the-radix-pseudostellariae-rhizosphere-under-continuous-monoculture-regimes
#2
Hongmiao Wu, Linkun Wu, Quan Zhu, Juanying Wang, Xianjin Qin, Jiahui Xu, Lufei Kong, Jun Chen, Sheng Lin, Muhammad Umar Khan, Hira Amjad, Wenxiong Lin
A three-year field monoculture trial of Radix pseudostellariae and complementary laboratory studies were conducted to further elucidate the underlying mechanism responsible for significant decreases in the biomass yield and quality of R. pseudostellariae under continuous monoculture regimes. HPLC analysis indicated that continuous monoculture soil was rich in organic acids, which had cumulative effects over time. Further analysis suggested that the application of a mixture of organic acids significantly promoted growth of pathogenic fungi, and increased the expression of chemotaxis-related gene (cheA) and biofilm formation of the specific pathogenic Kosakonia sacchari...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611563/disseminated-coccidioidomycosis-presenting-as-carcinomatosis-peritonei-and-intestinal-coccidioidomycosis-in-a-patient-with-hiv
#3
Umer Malik, Hira Cheema, Ramcharitha Kandikatla, Yasir Ahmed, Kalyan Chakrala
Coccidioidomycosis (CM) is a fungal infection endemic in southwestern regions of the United States, northwestern regions of Mexico, and some areas of Brazil and Argentina. Clinical presentation varies depending on the extent of the infection and the immune status of the host. The most common presentation ranges from flu-like symptoms to self-limiting pneumonia. Extrapulmonary presentations are uncommon and may involve the meninges, skin, and bone. Gastrointestinal and peritoneal involvement is extremely rare...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609553/the-distinguishing-effects-of-low-intensity-electromagnetic-radiation-of-different-extremely-high-frequences-on-enterococcus-hirae-growth-rate-inhibition-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-analysis
#4
Karlen Hovnanyan, Vitaly Kalantaryan, Armen Trchounian
Low intensity electromagnetic field of extremely high frequency has inhibitory and stimulatory effects on bacteria, including Enterococcus hirae. It was shown that the low intensity (the incident power density of 0.06 mW cm(-2) ) electromagnetic field at the frequences of 51.8 GHz and 53 GHz inhibited E. hirae ATCC9790 bacterial growth rate; a stronger effect was observed with 53 GHz, regardless of exposure duration (0.5 h, 1 h or 2 h). Scanning electron microscopy analysis of these effects has been done; the cells were of spherical shape...
June 13, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607920/epigenetics-meets-metabolism-through-phb-mediated-histone-h3-3-deposition-by-hira
#5
EDITORIAL
Ronen Marmorstein, Peter D Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605961/species-distribution-antibiotic-resistance-and-virulence-traits-in-canine-and-feline-enterococci-in-tunisia
#6
Leila Ben Said, Raoudha Dziri, Nadia Sassi, Carmen Lozano, Karim Ben Slama, Imen Ouzari, Carmen Torres, Naouel Klibi
In order to investigate the possible role of dogs and cats in the carriage and potential dissemination of resistant enterococci, seventy faecal samples from dogs and cats were tested for enterococci. Fifty-eight enterococci were recovered. Isolates were identified as Enterococcus faecium (n = 31) and E. faecalis (n = 14) E. durans (n = 6), E. casseliflavus (n = 2), E. hirae and E. gallinarum (2 isolates each). Enterococcal isolates showed resistance to ciprofloxacin (n = 35), erythromycin (n = 31), tetracycline (n = 25), kanamycin (n = 15), streptomycin (n = 13), pristinamycin (n = 11), gentamicin (n = 10), chloramphenicol (n = 8), and linezolid (n = 6)...
June 2017: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604963/-phenotypic-and-genotypic-analysis-of-a-fetus-carrying-an-intermediate-22q11-2-deletion-encompassing-the-crkl-gene
#7
Shaobin Lin, Xiaohe Zheng, Heng Gu, Mingzhen Li
OBJECTIVE: To delineate the phenotypic characteristics of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome and the role of CRKL gene in the pathogenesis of cardiac abnormalities. METHODS: G-banded karyotyping, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed on a fetus with tetralogy of Fallot detected by ultrasound. Correlation between the genotype and phenotype was explored after precise mapping of the breakpoints on chromosome 22q11...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603666/in-silico-analysis-reveals-widespread-presence-of-three-gene-families-mapk-mapkk-and-mapkkk-of-the-mapk-cascade-from-crop-plants-of-solanaceae-in-comparison-to-the-distantly-related-syntenic-species-from-rubiaceae-coffee
#8
Hira Iftikhar, Nayab Naveed, Nasar Virk, Muhammad Faraz Bhatti, Fengming Song
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are an important family of genes which play roles in vital plant processes, and they also help in coping against various kinds of environmental stresses including abiotic as well as biotic factors. The advancement of genomics calls for the annotation, identification, and detailed processing of the essential gene families in plants in order to provide insights into the importance of their central roles as well as for providing the basis for making their growth vigorous even under stressed conditions and, ultimately, to benefit from them by foreseeing the potential threats to their growth...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603137/review-nigella-sativa-prophetic-medicine-a-review
#9
Hira Ijaz, Ume Ruqia Tulain, Junaid Qureshi, Zeeshan Danish, Samina Musayab, Muhammad Furqan Akhtar, Ammara Saleem, Khanzada Khanzada Khan, Muhammad Zaman, Imran Waheed, Imran Khan, Mohamed Abdel-Daim
The present report is a significant effort to explore detail description of N. Sativa, its pharmacognostic characteristics, morphological characteristics, and mechanism of actions, doses and medicinal uses. Nigella sativa (N. Sativa) is greatest form of healing medicine. It is also known as Prophetic Medicine as its use has been mentioned in Prophetic Hadit, as natural remedy for all the diseases except death. It is recommended on daily basis in Tibb-e-Nabwi (Prophetic Medicine). Hazrat Abu Hurairah States ''I have heard from Rasool Allah (PBUH) that there is cure for every disease in black seeds except death and black seeds are shooneeze''...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600325/hira-deficiency-in-muscle-fibers-causes-hypertrophy-and-susceptibility-to-oxidative-stress
#10
Nicolas Valenzuela, Benjamin Soibam, Lerong Li, Jing Wang, Lauren A Byers, Yu Liu, Robert J Schwartz, M David Stewart
Nucleosome assembly proceeds through DNA replication-coupled or replication-independent mechanisms. For skeletal myocytes, whose nuclei have permanently exited the cell cycle, replication-independent assembly is the only mode available for chromatin remodeling. For this reason, any nucleosome composition alterations accompanying transcriptional responses to physiological signals must occur through a DNA replication-independent pathway. HIRA is the histone chaperone primarily responsible for replication-independent incorporation of histone variant H3...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600093/multivessel-revascularization-in-shock-and-high-risk-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#11
REVIEW
Sandeep K Krishnan, Robert F Riley, Ravi S Hira, William L Lombardi
This review explores the usefulness of multivessel revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with multivessel obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) presenting with and without cardiogenic shock. We also evaluate the literature regarding complete versus incomplete revascularization for patients with cardiogenic shock, acute coronary syndromes, and stable coronary artery disease.
July 2017: Interventional cardiology clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595941/epidemiology-of-mucopolysaccharidoses
#12
Shaukat A Khan, Hira Peracha, Diana Ballhausen, Alfred Wiesbauer, Marianne Rohrbach, Matthias Gautschi, Robert W Mason, Roberto Giugliani, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Kenji E Orii, Tadao Orii, Shunji Tomatsu
The aim of this study was to obtain data about the epidemiology of the different types of mucopolysaccharidoses in Japan and Switzerland and to compare with similar data from other countries. Data for Japan was collected between 1982 and 2009, and 467 cases with MPS were identified. The combined birth prevalence was 1.53 per 100,000 live births. The highest birth prevalence was 0.84 for MPS II, accounting for 55% of all MPS. MPS I, III, and IV accounted for 15, 16, and 10%, respectively. MPS VI and VII were more rare and accounted for 1...
May 26, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589385/quantitative-analysis-of-rice-stripe-virus-in-a-transovarial-transmission-cycle-during-the-development-and-reproduction-of-its-vector-laodelphax-striatellus
#13
Mitsuru Okuda, Takuya Shiba, Masahiro Hirae
The amount of Rice stripe virus (RSV) maintained through transovarial transmission was analyzed during the development and reproduction of its vector, Laodelphax striatellus. Reverse transcription quantitative PCR analysis was used to quantify RNA expressed from the RSV coat protein (CP) gene as an estimate of RSV content in nymphs and adults of L. striatellus at various developmental stages. The 18S ribosome RNA gene of L. striatellus was chosen as the reference for calculating RSV CP expression using the comparative Ct method...
June 6, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581277/national-surgical-trends-for-distal-radius-fractures-in-korea
#14
Young Hoon Jo, Bong Gun Lee, Joo Hak Kim, Chang Hun Lee, Sung Jae Kim, Wan Sun Choi, Ja Wook Koo, Kwang Hyun Lee
The objective of this study was to investigate national surgical trends for distal radius fractures (DRFs) in Korea and analyze healthcare institution type-specific surgical trends. We analyzed a nationwide database acquired from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) from 2011 to 2015. International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) codes and procedure codes were used to identify patients aged ≥ 20 years with newly diagnosed DRFs. A total of 459,388 DRFs occurred from 2011 to 2015...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577516/improvement-of-bacillus-strains-by-mutation-for-overproduction-of-exopolygalacturonases
#15
Hira Muzzamal, Zakia Latif
Pectinases, produced by microorganisms, have wide range application in food industry, textile processing, paper making, coffee and tea fermentation, etc. It accounts for 10% of the global industrial enzymes produced. The most important and widely used commercial pectinase polygalacturonase is produced by alkalophilic strains of Bacillus sp. and Streptomyces sp. Here, we explored 29 bacterial strains isolated from rotten mango samples for polygalacturonase production and selected 16 strains through preliminary screening by well-plate method for enzyme activity...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567686/tobacco-rattle-virus-based-silencing-of-enoyl-coa-reductase-gene-and-its-role-in-resistance-against-cotton-wilt-disease
#16
Roma Mustafa, Muhammad Hamza, Hira Kamal, Shahid Mansoor, Jodi Scheffler, Imran Amin
A Tobacco rattle virus (TRV)-based virus-induced gene silencing assay was employed as a reverse genetic approach to study gene function in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). This approach was used to investigate the function of the Enoyl-CoA reductase (GhECR) gene in pathogen defense. Amino acid sequence alignment of Arabidopsis ECR with homologous sequence from G. hirsutum, G. arboreum, G. herbaceum and G. barbadense showed that ECRs are highly conserved among these species. TRV-based silencing of GhECR gene in G...
May 31, 2017: Molecular Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567343/frozen-shoulder-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Rudra Narayan Mukherjee, R M Pandey, Hira Lal Nag, Ravi Mittal
AIM: To compare the results of arthroscopic capsular release with intra-articular steroid injections in patients of frozen shoulder. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with frozen shoulder were randomised to one of two treatment groups: Group 1, complete 360 degree arthroscopic capsular release and group 2, intra-articular corticosteroid injection (40 mg methyl prednisolone acetate). Both groups were put on active and passive range of motion exercises following the intervention...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515277/histone-chaperone-hira-regulates-neural-progenitor-cell-proliferation-and-neurogenesis-via-%C3%AE-catenin
#18
Yanxin Li, Jianwei Jiao
Histone cell cycle regulator (HIRA) is a histone chaperone and has been identified as an epigenetic regulator. Subsequent studies have provided evidence that HIRA plays key roles in embryonic development, but its function during early neurogenesis remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that HIRA is enriched in neural progenitor cells, and HIRA knockdown reduces neural progenitor cell proliferation, increases terminal mitosis and cell cycle exit, and ultimately results in premature neuronal differentiation. Additionally, we demonstrate that HIRA enhances β-catenin expression by recruiting H3K4 trimethyltransferase Setd1A, which increases H3K4me3 levels and heightens the promoter activity of β-catenin...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503391/prevalence-and-predictors-of-use-of-home-sphygmomanometers-among-hypertensive-patients
#19
Hira Zahid, Aisha Amin, Emaan Amin, Summaiya Waheed, Ameema Asad, Ariba Faheem, Samreen Jawaid, Adila Afzal, Sarah Misbah, Kanza Majid
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have looked at the predictors of use of home sphygmomanometers among hypertensive patients in low-income countries such as Pakistan. Considering the importance of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM), cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of the usage of all kinds of HBPM devices. METHOD: This study was conducted in Karachi during the time period of January-February 2017. Adult patients previously diagnosed with hypertension visiting tertiary care hospitals were selected for the study...
April 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502049/evaluation-of-carbofuran-mediated-toxicity-against-human-lymphocytes-and-red-blood-cells-in-simulated-wastewater-degraded-by-coagulation-flocculation
#20
Roli Saini, Pradeep Kumar, Sumit Kumar Hira, Partha Pratim Manna
Coagulation-flocculation in water treatment has been relied upon aluminum (Al) and iron (Fe) salts for treatment of contaminants present in source waters containing dissolved organic compounds. However, water quality deteriorates day by day which makes it urgent to improve the standards of the treatment procedure. Coagulation-flocculation-sedimentation performance of ferric chloride and alum was comparatively investigated for carbofuran treatment in simulated wastewater. Coagulation trails were performed in a jar test at several pH levels and coagulant doses to determine reduction efficiencies of carbofuran degradation and chemical oxygen demand (COD)...
May 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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