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Jung Yeon Park, Hyo Jeong Ahn, Ba Raem Yoo, Kyu Ri Hwang, Taek Sang Lee, Hye Won Jeon, Sun Min Kim, Byoung Jae Kim
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness and safety of medical treatment with sublingual misoprostol (MS) in the 1st trimester miscarriage under the approval by Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) for off-label usage by the single medical center in Korea. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed in one institution between April 2013 and June 2016. Ninety-one patients diagnosed with miscarriage before 14 weeks of gestation and wanted to try medical treatment were included...
March 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Hira Arshad, Tahira Mohsin Ali, Abid Hasnain
The effect of the partial or total substitution of gum arabic (GA) with native (NA), octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) and succinylated (SUC) sorghum starches on microencapsulation of nutmeg oleoresin was studied using spray drying technique. The oleoresin with 10% load is emulsified by using three different combinations of GA along with native and modified sorghum starches. The proportion of GA and sorghum starch was fixed at 75:25, 50:50, and 25:75. Most of the feed emulsions were having good emulsion stability and lower emulsion viscosity...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Hira S Mian, Tanya M Wildes
Multiple myeloma is a malignant plasma cell disease, which typically affects older patients, with a median age at diagnosis of 70 years. The recent introduction of novel drugs and ongoing improvements in supportive care have significantly contributed to overall better management and outcomes for patients with multiple myeloma. Autologous stem-cell transplantation has been a standard part of therapy for myeloma patients for many years, first in younger patients and increasingly in older, and may still be considered in selected older patients with myeloma...
March 19, 2018: Drugs & Aging
Syeda Hira Fatima, Farrah Zaidi, Muhammad Adnan, Asad Ali, Qaiser Jamal, Muhammad Khisroon
Contemporary studies demonstrate that rodent bites do not occur frequently. However, a huge number of cases were reported from Peshawar vale, Pakistan during 2016. Two species, the local black rat Rattus rattus (Linnaeus, 1758) and the invasive brown rat Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout, 1769) might be the suspected cause. Several studies indicated the invasion of brown rats into Pakistan presumably via port city of Karachi. In this study, we modeled geospatial distribution of rodent bites for risk assessment in the region...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Muhammad Sohail Umerani, Hira Burhan, Salman Sharif, Tauqir Ul Islam, Mehak Hafiz Ghaziani
Orbital roof defects are rare congenital osseous abnormalities that cause protrusion of intracranial contents into the orbit, resulting in a condition known as the orbital meningoencephalocele, a rare cause of pulsatile proptosis. We present a case of a 25-year-old lady, presented to us with complaints of left frontal headache, left eye protrusion and double vision from the left eye for the past three months. Her higher mental functions were intact. Local examination revealed non-axial pulsatile proptosis and an outward depression of the left eyeball along with diplopia...
January 15, 2018: Curēus
Jodi R Paul, Hira A Munir, Thomas van Groen, Karen L Gamble
Disruption of circadian rhythms is commonly reported in individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neurons in the primary circadian pacemaker, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), exhibit daily rhythms in spontaneous neuronal activity which are important for maintaining circadian behavioral rhythms. Disruption of SCN neuronal activity has been reported in animal models of other neurodegenerative disorders; however, the effect of AD on SCN neurophysiology remains unknown. In this study we examined circadian behavioral and electrophysiological changes in a mouse model of AD, using male mice from the Tg-SwDI line which expresses human amyloid precursor protein with the familial Swedish (K670N/M671L), Dutch (E693Q), Iowa (D694N) mutations...
March 11, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
Hye In Jung, Jae Seok Park, Mi-Young Lee, ByeongJu Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Sun Hyo Park, Won-Il Choi, Choong Won Lee
We aimed to explore lung cancer prevalence in interstitial lung disease (ILD) patients with or without connective tissue disorder (CTD) and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in comparison with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD).We evaluated lung cancer prevalence associated with ILD and IPF using Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) data from January to December 2011. This database (HIRA-NPS-2011-0001) was sampled using random sampling of outpatients; 1,375,842 sample cases were collected, and 670,258 (age ≥ 40 ys) were evaluated...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ramanjeet Kaur, Santosh Kumar Tiwari
Bacteriocin LB44 was purified from cell-free supernatant (CFS) of Pediococcus pentosaceus LB44 using activity-guided chromatography techniques. It was stable up to 121 °C, pH 2.0-6.0, sensitive to proteinase K, papain and trypsin, and retained complete activity in the presence of organic solvents tested. The molecular weight of bacteriocin was ∼6 kDa and initial ten amino acid residues (GECGMCXECG) suggested a new compound. The loss in viable cell count and K+ ion efflux of target cells of Micrococcus luteus suggested bactericidal activity...
March 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Joseph M Swanson, Hira Shafeeq, Drayton A Hammond, Chenghui Li, John W Devlin
PURPOSE: The association among residency program and research mentor characteristics, program director perceptions, and the publication of the primary research project for postgraduate year 2 (PGY2) graduates was assessed. METHODS: Using a validated electronic survey, residency program directors (RPDs) of critical care PGY2 graduates were asked about primary research project publication success, program and research project mentor characteristics, and RPDs' perceptions surrounding project completion...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Anno de Jong, Shabbir Simjee, Farid El Garch, Hilde Moyaert, Markus Rose, Myriam Youala, Magdalena Dry
The European Antimicrobial Susceptibility Surveillance in Animals (EASSA) program collects zoonotic and commensal bacteria from food-producing animals at slaughter and tracks their susceptibility to medically important antibiotics. Results of commensal enterococci species (2013-2014) are presented here. Intestinal content from cattle, pigs and chickens were randomly sampled (5-6 countries/host; ≥4 abattoirs/country; 1 sample/animal/farm) for isolation of enterococci, MICs of 9 antibiotics were assessed by CLSI agar dilution in a central laboratory...
March 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Alamgeer, Zain Nasir, Muhammad Naeem Qaisar, Ambreen Malik Uttra, Haseeb Ahsan, Kifayat Ullah Khan, Ikram Ullah Khan, Muhamamd Saleem, Khadijai, Hira Asif, Amber Sharif, Waqas Younis, Huma Naz
Hepatic diseases are becoming common day by day and pose serious health threats to the life of humans. In order to treat these diseases, the attention of man is diverting towards herbal drugs, which are much safer and cost effective than synthetic drugs. The aim of present study was to investigate hepatoprotective activity of methanolic extract of Melilomus officinalis against paracetamol and carbon tetrachloride induced hepatic damage. Melilotus officinalis at selected oral doses of 50 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg showed significant hepatoprotective effects by decreasing the levels of serum marker enzymes such as total bilirubin, SGOT, SGPT, ALP, albumin and total protein, when compared with standard drug (silymarin) and negative control...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Heather S Kirkham, Francis Staskon, Nishita Hira, Darren McLane, Karl M Kilgore, Alexis Parente, Seung Kim, Gregory S Sawicki
OBJECTIVE: To compare medication adherence, pulmonary exacerbations, healthcare utilization, and costs for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) who utilized a pharmacy-based therapy management program to a matched control group. We hypothesized that patient management services would be associated with better medication adherence, and thus require fewer visits to the emergency room or hospitalizations. METHODS: This retrospective, observational cohort study used claims data from the MORE2 claims Registry®...
March 7, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Sang-Uk Lee, Minah Soh, Vin Ryu, Chul-Eung Kim, Subin Park, Sungwon Roh, In-Hwan Oh, Hye-Young Lee, SungKu Choi
Background: Schizophrenia is a recurrent, debilitating disease that is rarely curable. Rapid intervention after the first episode of schizophrenia has been shown to positively affect the prognosis. Unfortunately, basic data is scarce on first-episode schizophrenia in Korean patients making it difficult to create a comprehensive list of risk factors for relapse. This study aims to investigate the demographic characteristics and institutional factors of patients with first-episode schizophrenia in order to identify risk factors for relapse...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Carla Vignaroli, Sonia Pasquaroli, Barbara Citterio, Andrea Di Cesare, Gianmarco Mangiaterra, Daniele Fattorini, Francesca Biavasco
Sediment samples from three coastal sites - two beach resorts (Beach 1 and Beach 2 sites) and an area lying between an oil refinery and a river estuary (Estuarine site) - were analyzed for antibiotic- and heavy metal (HM)-resistant enterococci. A total of 123 enterococci, 36 E. faecium, 34 E. casseliflavus, 33 E. hirae, 5 E. faecalis, 3 E. durans, 3 E. gallinarum, and 9 Enterococcus spp, were recovered. Strains resistant to erythromycin, tetracycline and quinupristin/dalfopristin (Q/D) were recovered from all sites, whereas multidrug-resistant isolates were recovered only from "Beach 2" (14%) and "Estuarine" (3...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Manisha Pandey, Hira Choudhury, Tarakini A P Gunasegaran, Saranyah Shanmugah Nathan, Shadab Md, Bapi Gorain, Minaketan Tripathy, Zahid Hussain
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronically relapsing eczematous skin disease characterised by frequent episodes of rashes, severe flares, and inflammation. Till date, there is no absolute therapy for the treatment of AD; however, topical corticosteroids (TCs) are the majorly prescribed class of drugs for the management of AD in both adults and children. Though, topical route is most preferable; however, limited penetration of therapeutics across the startum cornum (SC) is one of the major challenges for scientists...
February 27, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Kaaren Mathias, Hira Pant, Manju Marella, Lawrence Singh, Gvs Murthy, Nathan Grills
OBJECTIVES: This study used a population-based cross-sectional survey to describe the prevalence of psychosocial disability and unmet need for access to services in North India. SETTING: This study was conducted in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, in 2014. PARTICIPANTS: A population-based sample of 2441 people over the age of 18 years. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The Rapid Assessment of Disability survey tool identified people with disability and used an adapted version of the Kessler scale to identify those with psychosocial disability...
February 27, 2018: BMJ Open
Daisuke Hira, Ryuji Kitamura, Teruya Nakamura, Yuriko Yamagata, Kenji Furukawa, Takao Fujii
Anammox is a bacterial energy metabolic process that forms N2 gas from nitrite and ammonium ions. The enzymatic mechanisms of anammox have been gradually revealed; however, the electron transport chain in anammox bacteria remains poorly understood. In the present study, we purified and characterized two low-molecular-weight c-type cytochromes from an enriched culture of the anammox bacterium strain, KSU-1. Their genes, KSU1_B0428 and KSU1_C0855, were identified in the KSU-1 genome, and their recombinant proteins were characterized...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
Jonathan Nye, Daniël P Melters, Yamini Dalal
Histone chaperones are indispensable regulators of chromatin structure and function. Recent work has shown that they are frequently mis-regulated in cancer, which can have profound consequences on tumor growth and survival. Here, we focus on chaperones for the essential H3 histone variants H3.3 and CENP-A, specifically HIRA, DAXX/ATRX, DEK, and HJURP. This review summarizes recent studies elucidating their roles in regulating chromatin and discusses how cancer-specific chromatin interactions can be exploited to target cancer cells...
2018: F1000Research
Osama Shiraz Shah, Muhammad Faizyab Ali Chaudhary, Hira Anees Awan, Fizza Fatima, Zainab Arshad, Bibi Amina, Maria Ahmed, Hadia Hameed, Muhammad Furqan, Shareef Khalid, Amir Faisal, Safee Ullah Chaudhary
Boolean modelling of biological networks is a well-established technique for abstracting dynamical biomolecular regulation in cells. Specifically, decoding linkages between salient regulatory network states and corresponding cell fate outcomes can help uncover pathological foundations of diseases such as cancer. Attractor landscape analysis is one such methodology which converts complex network behavior into a landscape of network states wherein each state is represented by propensity of its occurrence. Towards undertaking attractor landscape analysis of Boolean networks, we propose an Attractor Landscape Analysis Toolbox (ATLANTIS) for cell fate discovery, from biomolecular networks, and reprogramming upon network perturbation...
February 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Minha Hong, Duk Soo Moon, Hyejung Chang, Seung Yup Lee, Seong Woo Cho, Kyung-Sook Lee, Jin-Ah Park, Sang Min Lee, Geon Ho Bahn
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the current diagnostic incidence, and medical and psychiatric comorbidities of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) using the National Health Insurance Review and Assessment (HIRA) claims data. METHODS: To examine the diagnostic incidence, we selected patients who were under 10-year-old and who had at least one medical claim containing a 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) code for RAD (F94...
February 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
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