Read by QxMD icon Read


Ravi S Hira, Larry S Dean
Provisional use of rotational atherectomy (RA) is indicated for procedural success in heavily calcified lesions. In the current study, RA use at three high volume percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) centers between 2005 and 2013 was 1.4%. MACE rate was 17.8% at median follow-up of 22 months. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), diabetes mellitus (DM), acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and SYNTAX > 23 were found to be independently associated with MACE. With increasing complexity of disease and SYNTAX score, there is usually an increase in severity of calcification and need for atherectomy...
October 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Zhao-Ru Ju, Hui-Jun Wang, Xiao-Jing Ma, Duan Ma, Guo-Ying Huang
BACKGROUND: The most typical cardiac abnormality is conotruncal defects (CTDs) in patients with 22q11 deletion syndrome (22q11DS). HIRA (histone cell cycle regulator) gene, as one of the candidate genes located at the critical region of 22q11DS, was reported as possibly relevant to CTD in animal models. This study aimed to analyze the level of expression of the HIRA gene in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients and the potential DNA sequence variations in the promoter region. METHODS: The messenger RNA (mRNA) expression was examined with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in 39 myocardial tissues of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) from TOF patients and 4 myocardial tissues of RVOT from noncardiac death children...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Maxime Maréchal, Ana Amoroso, Cécile Morlot, Thierry Vernet, Jacques Coyette, Bernard Joris
BACKGROUND: Proteins from the LytR-CpsA-Psr family are found in almost all Gram-positive bacteria. Although LCP proteins have been studied in other pathogens, their functions in enterococci remain uncharacterized. The Psr protein from Enterococcus hirae, here renamed LcpA, previously associated with the regulation of the expression of the low-affinity PBP5 and β-lactam resistance, has been characterized. RESULTS: LcpA protein of E. hirae ATCC 9790 has been produced and purified with and without its transmembrane helix...
October 12, 2016: BMC Microbiology
Kubihal S, Daga Mk, Hira Hs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Swati Hira, P S Deshpande
Discovery of cause-effect relationships, particularly in large databases of time-series is challenging because of continuous data of different characteristics and complex lagged relationships. In this paper, we have proposed a novel approach, to extract cause-effect relationships in large time series data set of socioeconomic indicators. The method enhances the scope of relationship discovery to cause-effect relationships by identifying multiple causal structures such as binary, transitive, many to one and cyclic...
2016: SpringerPlus
Romain Daillère, Marie Vétizou, Nadine Waldschmitt, Takahiro Yamazaki, Christophe Isnard, Vichnou Poirier-Colame, Connie P M Duong, Caroline Flament, Patricia Lepage, Maria Paula Roberti, Bertrand Routy, Nicolas Jacquelot, Lionel Apetoh, Sonia Becharef, Sylvie Rusakiewicz, Philippe Langella, Harry Sokol, Guido Kroemer, David Enot, Antoine Roux, Alexander Eggermont, Eric Tartour, Ludger Johannes, Paul-Louis Woerther, Elisabeth Chachaty, Jean-Charles Soria, Encouse Golden, Silvia Formenti, Magdalena Plebanski, Mutsa Madondo, Philip Rosenstiel, Didier Raoult, Vincent Cattoir, Ivo Gomperts Boneca, Mathias Chamaillard, Laurence Zitvogel
The efficacy of the anti-cancer immunomodulatory agent cyclophosphamide (CTX) relies on intestinal bacteria. How and which relevant bacterial species are involved in tumor immunosurveillance, and their mechanism of action are unclear. Here, we identified two bacterial species, Enterococcus hirae and Barnesiella intestinihominis that are involved during CTX therapy. Whereas E. hirae translocated from the small intestine to secondary lymphoid organs and increased the intratumoral CD8/Treg ratio, B. intestinihominis accumulated in the colon and promoted the infiltration of IFN-γ-producing γδT cells in cancer lesions...
September 28, 2016: Immunity
Hira Lal, Priyank Yadav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Parvin Abraham, Tessy Thomas Maliekal
Research of the past two decades has proved the relevance of single cell biology in basic research and translational medicine. Successful detection and isolation of specific subsets is the key to understand their functional heterogeneity. Antibodies are conventionally used for this purpose, but their relevance in certain contexts is limited. In this review, we discuss some of these contexts, posing bottle neck for different fields of biology including biomedical research. With the advancement of chemistry, several methods have been introduced to overcome these problems...
October 6, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Yuji Ueno, Kazuo Yamashiro, Ryota Tanaka, Takuma Kuroki, Kenichiro Hira, Naohide Kurita, Takao Urabe, Nobutaka Hattori
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Underlying embolic causes diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography could be implicated in mechanisms of embolic stroke of undetermined source. We aimed to explore factors, including underlying embolic causes, related to recurrent vascular events in embolic stroke of undetermined source. METHODS: Patients who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for embolic stroke of undetermined source and whose potential embolic sources were examined by transesophageal echocardiography were included...
October 4, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Stefania Carpino, Cinzia L Randazzo, Alessandra Pino, Nunziatina Russo, Teresa Rapisarda, Gianni Belvedere, Cinzia Caggia
The objectives of the present study were to characterize the biofilm microbiota of 11 different farms (from A to K), producing PDO Ragusano cheese, and to investigate on its ability to generate volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in milk samples inoculated with biofilm and incubated under Ragusano cheese making conditions. The biofilms were subjected to plate counting and PCR/T/DGGE analysis and the VOCs generated in incubated milk samples were evaluated through SmartNose, GC/O, and GC/MS. Streptococcus thermophilus was the dominant species both in biofilms and in incubated milks...
February 2017: Food Microbiology
Kwaku Dad Abu-Bonsrah, Dongcheng Zhang, Donald F Newgreen
Chickens are an invaluable model for studying human diseases, physiology and especially development, but have lagged in genetic applications. With the advent of Programmable Engineered Nucleases, genetic manipulation has become efficient, specific and rapid. Here, we show that the CRISPR/Cas9 system can precisely edit the chicken genome. We generated HIRA, TYRP1, DICER, MBD3, EZH2, and 6 other gene knockouts in two chicken cell lines using the CRISPR/Cas9 system, with no off-target effects detected. We also showed that very large deletions (>75 kb) could be achieved...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
Priyank Yadav, Hira Lal, Devarshi Srivastava, Pankaj Gaur
Most of the developmental anomalies of inferior vena cava are asymptomatic. The retrocaval and retroiliac ureter however, commonly present with symptoms due to ureteric obstruction. We present interesting computed tomography images of a 30-year old male who was symptomatic for right upper ureteric obstruction and the ureter was coursing between the two common iliac veins that were uniting abnormally high at the level of right renal hilum with absence of infrarenal inferior vena cava.
September 29, 2016: Urology
Zena M Hira, Duncan F Gillies
In order to provide the most effective therapy for cancer, it is important to be able to diagnose whether a patient's cancer will respond to a proposed treatment. Methylation profiling could contain information from which such predictions could be made. Currently, hypothesis testing is used to determine whether possible biomarkers for cancer progression produce statistically significant results. However, this approach requires the identification of individual genes, or sets of genes, as candidate hypotheses, and with the increasing size of modern microarrays, this task is becoming progressively harder...
2016: Cancer Informatics
Mariem Ben Jemaa, Hanen Falleh, Marcos A Neves, Hiroko Isoda, Mitsutoshi Nakajima, Riadh Ksouri
The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of either a solution of Thymus capitatus essential oil or its nanoemulsion on the quality of milk contaminated by bacteria. After 24h of S. aureus inoculation, bacterial growth reached 202×10(3)CFU/ml in the presence of the essential oil while it was limited to 132×10(3)CFU/ml when treated with nanoemulsion. The reduction of antioxidant capacity of milk treated with essential oil was higher when treated with nanoemulsion. Moreover, free essential oil was more efficient in protecting proteins from degradation than the nanoemulsion...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Yaneisy García-Hernández, Tania Pérez-Sánchez, Ramón Boucourt, José L Balcázar, Jacques R Nicoli, João Moreira-Silva, Zoraya Rodríguez, Héctor Fuertes, Odalys Nuñez, Nereyda Albelo, Nabil Halaihel
In livestock production, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are the most common microorganisms used as probiotics. For such use, these bacteria must be correctly identified and characterized to ensure their safety and efficiency. In the present study, LAB were isolated from broiler excreta, where a fermentation process was used. Nine among sixteen isolates were identified by biochemical and molecular (sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene) methods as Lactobacillus crispatus (n=1), Lactobacillus pentosus (n=1), Weissella cibaria (n=1), Pediococcus pentosaceus (n=2) and Enterococcus hirae (n=4)...
October 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
Jarushka Naidoo, Xuan Wang, Kaitlin M Woo, Tunc Iyriboz, Darragh Halpenny, Jane Cunningham, Jamie E Chaft, Neil H Segal, Margaret K Callahan, Alexander M Lesokhin, Jonathan Rosenberg, Martin Voss, Charles M Rudin, Hira Rizvi, Xue Hou, Katherine Rodriguez, Melanie Albano, Ruth-Ann Gordon, Charles Leduc, Natasha Rekhtman, Bianca Harris, Alexander M Menzies, Alexander D Guminski, Matteo S Carlino, Benjamin Y Kong, Jedd D Wolchok, Michael A Postow, Georgina V Long, Matthew D Hellmann
PURPOSE: Pneumonitis is an uncommon but potentially fatal toxicity of anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features are poorly described. METHODS: Patients who received anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monotherapy or in combination with anti-cytotoxic T-cell lymphocyte-4 mAb were identified at two institutions (Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center: advanced solid cancers, 2009 to 2014, and Melanoma Institute of Australia: melanomas only, 2013 to 2015)...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Veronica Gatto, Giulia Tabanelli, Chiara Montanari, Valentina Prodomi, Eleonora Bargossi, Sandra Torriani, Fausto Gardini
Few information is available about the tyraminogenic potential of the species Enterococcus mundtii. In this study, two plant-derived strains of E. mundtii were selected and investigated to better understand the phenotypic behaviour and the genetic mechanisms involved in tyramine accumulation. Both the strains accumulated tyramine from the beginning of exponential phase of growth, independently on the addition of tyrosine to the medium. The strains accumulated also 2-phenylethylamine, although with lower efficiency and in greater extent when tyrosine was not added...
September 14, 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
Kumar Avishek, Himanshu Kaushal, Sreenivas Gannavaram, Ranadhir Dey, Angamuthu Selvapandiyan, V Ramesh, Narender Singh Negi, Uma S Dubey, Hira L Nakhasi, Poonam Salotra
Currently no effective vaccine is available for human visceral leishmaniasis(VL) caused by Leishmania donovani. Previously, we showed that centrin1 and p27gene deleted live attenuated Leishmania parasites (LdCen1(-/-) and Ldp27(-/-)) are safe, immunogenic and protective in animal models. Here, to assess the correlates of protection, we evaluated immune responses induced by LdCen1(-/-) and Ldp27(-/-) in human blood samples obtained from healthy, healed VL (HVL), post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis(PKDL) and VL subjects...
2016: Scientific Reports
Hyuk Won Chang, Shang Hun Shin, Sang Hyun Suh, Bum-Soo Kim, Myung Ho Rho
PURPOSE: The International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) revealed that in ruptured intracranial aneurysms (RA), endovascular coiling (EC) yields better clinical outcomes than neurosurgical clipping (NC) at 1 year. In unruptured aneurysms (UIA), EC is being increasingly used as an alternative to NC due to patients' preference. There is a lot of difference in treatment cost (EC vs. NC) between countries. There is one recently published study dealing with the comparative cost analysis only in UIAs in South Korea...
September 2016: Neurointervention
Yong-Jun Ahn, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Ki Byung Park, Jun-Hwan Lee, Kyung-Min Shin, In-Hyuk Ha
OBJECTIVES: To assess medical care and costs of the 3 highest prevalence lumbar disorders-non-specific low back pain (nLBP), intervertebral disc disorder (IDD) and spinal stenosis (SS)-from national billing data to provide basic information for standards of appropriate management. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of National Health Insurance National Patient Sample data provided by the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA). SETTING: 2011 claims data from all medical institutions which filed billing statements to HIRA...
September 12, 2016: BMJ Open
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"