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Yuan-Yuan Yang, Jian-Liang Zhao, You-Sheng Liu, Wang-Rong Liu, Qian-Qian Zhang, Li Yao, Li-Xin Hu, Jin-Na Zhang, Yu-Xia Jiang, Guang-Guo Ying
We systematically investigated the occurrence and distribution of 93 pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) and 5 artificial sweeteners (ASs) in surface water and groundwater of Dongjiang River basin in south China. In surface water, 52 compounds were detected with median concentrations ranging from 0.06ng/L to 504ng/L, while in groundwater, 33 compounds were detected with concentrations up to 4580ng/L for acesulfame. PPCPs and ASs were widely detected in the surface water and groundwater samples, which indicated contamination by domestic wastewater in the surface water and groundwater of Dongjiang River basin...
October 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Alejandro Díaz, Araceli Peña-Alvarez
A simple method was developed using ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) combined with solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) for the simultaneous determination of eight different pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) (ibuprofen, 2-benzyl-4-chlorophenol, naproxen, triclosan, ketoprofen, diclofenac, bisphenol A and estrone) in river sediment. UAE conditions were optimized involving extraction variables such as extraction solvent, extraction time, sample amount, extraction temperature, pH and salt addition...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Laura M Suppes, Ching-Hua Huang, Wan-Ning Lee, Kyle J Brockman
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in swimming pool water are hypothesized to originate from fill water and anthropogenic sources like urine, sweat, swimwear and body surfaces. However, research exploring PPCP origins in pools is lacking. This research investigates PPCP sources at 31 swimming pools. Pool water was analyzed for 24 representative PPCPs using advanced liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry techniques. Fill water was analyzed as a contamination source and to determine if swimmers introduce PPCPs to pools...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
Başak Savun-Hekimoğlu, Nilsun H Ince
The study is about the degradation of a widely used pharmaceutical and personal care product-salicylic acid by sonocatalysis, and the experimental design of the reaction system. The first part of the study consists of sonication (572kHz) in the presence of zero-valent iron (ZVI) with or without H2O2 to select and optimize the operational parameters as frequency, time, initial solute concentration, dose of reagents and pH. The second part consists of the use of response surface methodology and multiple regression to develop an experimental design modeland to assess the individual and interactive effects of pH, power (Po), ZVI dose and H2O2...
October 7, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Fan Wang, Xiangmeng Guo, Wanguang Chen, Yaowen Sun, Chaojie Fan
Triclosan (TCS), a member of the class of compounds called pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs), is a broad antibacterial and antifungal agent found in a lot of consumer products. However, TCS hormone effect mechanism in teleost female fish is not clear. Female Yellow River carp (Cyprinus carpio) were exposed to 1/20, 1/10 and 1/5 LC50 TCS (96h LC50 of TCS to carp) under semi-static conditions for 42days. Vitellogenin (Vtg), 17β-estradiol (E2), testosterone(T), estrogen receptor (Er), gonadotropin (GtH), and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
October 13, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Anyi Hu, Feng Ju, Liyuan Hou, Jiangwei Li, Xiaoyong Yang, Hongjie Wang, Sikandar I Mulla, Qian Sun, Helmut Bürgmann, Chang-Ping Yu
Although the health of rivers is threatened by multiple anthropogenic stressors with increasing frequency, it remains an open question how riverine microbial communities respond to emerging micropollutants. Here, by using 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing of 60 water samples collected during different hydrological seasons, we investigated the spatio-temporal variation and the co-occurrence patterns of microbial communities in the anthropogenically impacted Jiulong River in China. The results indicated that the riverine microbial co-occurrence network had a non-random, modular structure, which was mainly shaped by the taxonomic relatedness of co-occurring species...
October 2, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
Jianan Li, Qizhi Zhou, Luiza C Campos
Greater duckweed (Spirodela polyrhiza) based lab-scale free water constructed wetland (CW) was employed for removing four emerging pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) (i.e. DEET, paracetamol, caffeine and triclosan). Orthogonal design was used to test the effect of light intensity, aeration, E.coli abundance and plant biomass on the target compounds. Synthetic wastewater contaminated with the target compounds at concentration of 25 μg/L was prepared, and both batch and continuous flow experiments were conducted...
December 1, 2017: Water Research
Nihan Özengin, Ayse Elmaci
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the natural and constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment. While nutrient removal in wetlands has been extensively investigated, information regarding the degradation of the pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) has only recently been emerging. PPCPs are widely distributed in urban wastewaters and can be removed to some extent by the constructed wetlands. The medium-term (3-5 years) behavior of these systems regarding PPCP removal is still unknown...
December 2016: Iranian journal of biotechnology
Rahul Kumar, Lokesh P Padhye
This annual review covers the literature published in 2016 on topics related to the occurrence and fate of emerging environmental pollutants in wastewater. Due to the vast amount of literature published on this topic, we have discussed only a portion of the quality research publications, due to limitation of space. The abstract search was carried out using Web of Science, and the abstracts were selected based on their relevance. In few cases, fulltext articles were referred to better understand new findings...
October 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
Manoj P Rayaroth, Usha K Aravind, Charuvila T Aravindakumar
The sonochemical transformation of para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS), a widely used antibiotic and an identified Emerging Pollutant (EP) under the class of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs), have been investigated in aqueous medium. Ultrasound having frequency of 350kHz and power of 80W was utilized for the degradation of PAS. A complete degradation (100%) of PAS after 60min and about 83% of COD removal after 120min of sonication, were obtained. Fourteen intermediate products were identified using LC-Q-TOF-MS...
January 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Shuang Luo, Zongsu Wei, Richard Spinney, Zulin Zhang, Dionysios D Dionysiou, Lingwei Gao, Liyuan Chai, Donghong Wang, Ruiyang Xiao
Photodegradation characteristics of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) during UV irradiation are of practical and scientific importance in selecting operational parameters during water treatment processes. In this study, the molar extinction coefficient (ε), quantum yield (φ), and degradation kinetics of neutral/anionic forms of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and ibuprofen (IBU) were compared by varying solution pH. The degradation kinetics of the target compounds were observed to reversely correlate to the energy gap between highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) values of the target compounds...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Evyatar Ben Mordechay, Jorge Tarchitzky, Yona Chen, Moshe Shenker, Benny Chefetz
Irrigation with treated wastewater (TWW) and application of biosolids to arable land expose the agro-environment to pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) which can be taken up by crops. In this project, we studied the effect of a carrier medium (e.g., biosolids and TWW) on plant (tomato, wheat and lettuce) uptake, translocation and metabolism of carbamazepine as a model for non-ionic PPCPs. Plant uptake and bioconcentration factors were significantly lower in soils amended with biosolids compared to soils irrigated with TWW...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Allison R Love, Peter S Jensen, Lisa Khan, Tiffany West Brandt, James Jaccard
Pediatric primary care providers (PPCPs) are increasingly expected to know how to assess, diagnose, and treat a wide range of mental health problems in children and adolescents. For many PPCPs, this means learning and performing new practice behaviors that were not taught in their residency training. Typical continuing education approaches to engage PPCPs in new practices have not yielded the desired changes in provider behavior. This article summarizes behavior change principles identified through basic behavior science, adult education, and communication research, and discusses their application to a patient-centered pediatric primary care mental health curriculum...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Harkirat Kaur, Amit Bansiwal, Girivyankatesh Hippargi, Girish R Pophali
Adsorption of three pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), namely caffeine, ibuprofen and triclosan on commercial powdered activated carbon was examined in aqueous medium. The contaminants were chosen based on their diverse log Kow (octanol-water partition coefficient) viz. - 0.07 for caffeine, 3.97 for ibuprofen and 4.76 for triclosan to examine the role of hydrophobicity on adsorption process. The adsorbent characterisation was achieved using BET surface area, SEM, pore size distribution studies and FTIR...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
John Wilkinson, Peter S Hooda, James Barker, Stephen Barton, Julian Swinden
Many of the products and drugs used commonly contain chemical components which may persist through sewage treatment works (STW) and eventually enter the aquatic environment as parent compounds, metabolites, or transformation products. Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) and other emerging contaminants (ECs) have been detected in waters (typically ng/L) as well as more recently bound to sediment and plastic particles (typically ng/g). Despite significant advancement of knowledge since the late 1990s, the fate of these contaminants/transformation products once introduced into the aquatic environment remains relatively unresolved...
December 2017: Environmental Pollution
Lisa Paruch, Adam M Paruch, Anne-Grete Buseth Blankenberg, Ketil Haarstad, Trond Mæhlum
This study describes the first Norwegian microbial source tracking (MST) approach for water quality control and pollution removal from catchment run-off in a nature-based treatment system (NBTS) with a constructed wetland. The applied MST tools combined microbial analyses and molecular tests to detect and define the source(s) and dominant origin(s) of faecal water contamination. Faecal indicator bacteria Escherichia coli and host-specific Bacteroidales 16 s rRNA gene markers have been employed. The study revealed that the newly developed contribution profiling of faecal origin derived from the Bacteroidales DNA could quantitatively distinguish between human and non-human pollution origins...
September 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Sunah Kim, Karen Rossmassler, Corey D Broeckling, Sarah Galloway, Jessica Prenni, Susan K De Long
Limited knowledge of optimal microbial community composition for PPCP biotreatment, and of the microbial phylotypes that drive biotransformation within mixed microbial communities, has hindered the rational design and operation of effective and reliable biological PPCP treatment technologies. Herein, bacterial community composition was investigated as an isolated variable within batch biofilm reactors via comparison of PPCP removals for three distinct inocula. Inocula pre-acclimated to model PPCPs were derived from activated sludge (AS), ditch sediment historically-impacted by wastewater treatment plant effluent (Sd), and material from laboratory-scale soil aquifer treatment (SAT) columns...
November 15, 2017: Water Research
Fangfang Chen, Zhiyuan Gong, Barry C Kelly
The factors influencing bioaccumulation of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in aquatic organisms are not well understood. The present study involved a comprehensive laboratory investigation to assess the bioaccumulation behavior of several PPCPs in adult zebrafish (Danio rerio). The studied PPCPs included several ionogenic organic compounds (IOCs) such as weak acids and weak bases. Experiments involved two exposure groups (high and low) and a control group, with a 6 day aqueous exposure, followed by a 7 day depuration phase under flow-through conditions...
October 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
A Bellver-Domingo, R Fuentes, F Hernández-Sancho
Conventional wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are designed to remove mainly the organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds and suspended solids from wastewater but are not capable of removing chemicals of human origin, such as pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs). The presence of PPCPs in wastewater has environmental effects on the water bodies receiving the WWTP effluents and renders the effluent as unsuitable as a nonconventional water source. Considering PPCPs as non-desirable outputs, the shadow prices methodology has been implemented using the output distance function to measure the environmental benefits of removing five PPCPs (acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, carbamazepine and trimethoprim) from WWTP effluents discharged to three different ecosystems (wetland, river and sea)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Prapha Arnnok, Randolph R Singh, Rodjana Burakham, Alicia Pérez-Fuentetaja, Diana S Aga
The continuous release of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) into freshwater systems impacts the health of aquatic organisms. This study evaluates the concentrations and bioaccumulation of PPCPs and the selective uptake of antidepressants in fish from the Niagara River, which connects two of the North American Great lakes (Erie and Ontario). The Niagara River receives PPCPs from different wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) situated along the river and Lake Erie. Of the 22 targeted PPCPs, 11 were found at part-per-billion levels in WWTP effluents and at part-per-trillion levels in river water samples...
September 1, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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