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Hemiplegia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707035/cerebellar-ataxia-and-obstructive-hydrocephalus-rare-neurologic-presentations-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#1
REVIEW
Hamdy Mohamed Abdelaziz Ahmed, Rasmia El-Gohary, Fatema Fayed, Hala El-Gendy
The first cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with effects on the nervous system were reported more than 100 years ago. Cerebellar involvement and obstructive hydrocephalus are rarely encountered in patients with SLE. We report two patients with SLE who developed cerebellar ataxia. The first patient presented with significant headache at time of SLE diagnosis and negative brain imaging studies on initial evaluation. The headache recurred with findings of cerebellar ataxia and obstructive hydrocephalus...
July 13, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698802/gait-analysis-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Stéphane Armand, Geraldo Decoulon, Alice Bonnefoy-Mazure
Cerebral palsy (CP) children present complex and heterogeneous motor disorders that cause gait deviations.Clinical gait analysis (CGA) is needed to identify, understand and support the management of gait deviations in CP. CGA assesses a large amount of quantitative data concerning patients' gait characteristics, such as video, kinematics, kinetics, electromyography and plantar pressure data.Common gait deviations in CP can be grouped into the gait patterns of spastic hemiplegia (drop foot, equinus with different knee positions) and spastic diplegia (true equinus, jump, apparent equinus and crouch) to facilitate communication...
December 2016: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698731/intermittent-hemiplegia-in-a-boy-with-primary-moyamoya-disease-a-case-report-from-iran
#3
Reza Bidaki, Ehsan Zarepur
Moyamoya is a rare chronic progressive occlusive cerebrovascular disease. Its manifestation varies from stroke, progressive learning impairment and transient ischemic attack to headache and seizure. There is no accepted medical treatment and surgery usually, is needed. We report here a case of 8 yr old boy referred to psychiatrist outpatient. An eight yr old boy with intermittent hemiplegia was brought to Imam Ali Clinic, Yazd, Iran in 2015 because his headache and medical problem began from 6 yr old. Stress and excitement exacerbated his condition...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678305/clinical-features-and-surgical-outcome-of-triad-exotropia
#4
Suk-Gyu Ha, Young-Woo Suh, Seung-Hyun Kim
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features and surgical outcome of A-pattern exotropia combined with dissociated vertical deviation and superior oblique overaction. METHODS: The medical records of patients with A-pattern exotropia combined with dissociated vertical deviation and superior oblique overaction who underwent horizontal muscle surgery alone or in combination with superior oblique muscle weakening surgery were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups according to their surgery: the horizontal muscle surgery alone group and the horizontal muscle surgery with bilateral superior oblique weakening surgery (combined surgery) group...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670986/-periprosthetic-joint-infection-caused-by-rhodococcus-equi-case-report
#5
Imre Sallai, Nóra Péterfy, Mohammad Sanatkhani, Zoltán Bejek, Imre Antal, Gyula Prinz, Katalin Kristóf, Gábor Skaliczki
Rhodococcus equi is a rare pathogen in humans causing infections mostly in immunocompromised hosts. We present the first case of periprosthetic joint infection caused by Rhodococcus equi. An 88-year-old male patient was referred to our clinic with a history of fever and right hip pain. The patient had multiple hip surgeries including total joint arthroplasty and revision for aseptic loosening on the right side. He was immunocompetent, but his additional medical history was remarkable for diabetes mellitus, diabetic nephropathy and stroke with hemiplegia resulting in immobilization...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654561/influenza-associated-encephalitis-encephalopathy-identified-by-the-australian-childhood-encephalitis-study-2013-2015
#6
Philip N Britton, Russell C Dale, Christopher C Blyth, Kristine Macartney, Nigel Crawford, Helen Marshall, Julia Clark, Elizabeth Elliott, Richard I Webster, Allen C Cheng, Robert Booy, Cheryl A Jones
BACKGROUND: Influenza associated encephalitis/encephalopathy (IAE) is an important cause of acute encephalitis syndrome in children. IAE includes a series of clinico-radiologic syndromes or acute encephalopathy syndromes that have been infrequently reported outside East Asia. We aimed to describe case of IAE identified by the Australian Childhood Encephalitis study. METHODS: Children ≤14 years of age with suspected encephalitis were prospectively identified in 5 hospitals in Australia...
June 24, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652521/a-case-of-recanalization-of-innominate-artery-and-right-middle-cerebral-artery-embolism-due-to-cardiogenic-cerebral-infarction-with-anticoagulation-therapy
#7
Hiroshi Sakiyama, Shiro Yamamoto, Yasutaka Murakami, BooHan Hyun, Keiko Nagano, Kazuo Hashikawa
An 80-year-old woman had an aortic valve replacement 1 month before admission and took warfarin for transient atrial fibrillation. She developed a disturbance of consciousness and left hemiplegia. On admission, the right radial artery was slightly palpable. Head MRI images showed a hyper-intense area in the right middle cerebral artery territory. MRA images showed an occlusion of the right M1 distal site and decreased signal at the right internal carotid artery. Contrast CT images of the ascending aorta showed an embolus in the innominate artery...
June 24, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652222/hemiconvulsion-hemiplegia-epilepsy-syndrome-in-a-child-with-pre-existing-cerebral-pathology
#8
Athi Ponnusamy, Ahsan Nv Moosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647130/fever-induced-paroxysmal-weakness-and-encephalopathy-a-new-phenotype-of-atp1a3-mutation
#9
Sho T Yano, Kenneth Silver, Richard Young, Suzanne D DeBrosse, Roseànne S Ebel, Kathryn J Swoboda, Gyula Acsadi
BACKGROUND: We identified a group of patients with ATP1A3 mutations at residue 756 who display a new phenotype, distinct from alternating hemiplegia of childhood, rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism, and cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, optic atrophy, sensorineural hearing loss syndromes. METHODS: Four patients with c.2267G>A (R756H) mutations from two families and two patients with c.2267G>T (R756L) mutations from one family are described and compared with the previously reported patients with mutations resulting in R756H and R756C protein variants...
April 29, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640006/poor-gait-performance-is-influenced-with-decreased-vestibulo-ocular-reflex-in-poststroke-patients
#10
Tsubasa Mitsutake, Maiko Sakamoto, Kozo Ueta, Shinichiro Oka, Etsuo Horikawa
The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) exerts a significant influence on gait performance. Therefore, a decrease in VOR function could worsen gait impairments in patients with poststroke hemiparesis. The effects of decreased VOR function on gait performance could be further exacerbated by aging-related physical weakness and impaired motor function of the hemiparetic lower limb. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possible synergistic effect of aging and impairment in lower extremity function and the VOR on walking ability of poststroke hemiplegic patients...
August 16, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638293/septic-embolic-stroke-resulting-from-staphylococcus-lugdunensis-endocarditis
#11
Htoo Kyaw, Atif Z Shaikh, Gokul Yaratha, Misra Deepika
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus lugdunensis, a member of the coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS), has been recognized as a causal organism for infective endocarditis since the 1980s. Although most CoNS have an insidious and chronic nature, they are involved in a variety of systemic infections. S lugdunensis infective endocarditis is a rare entity but is as catastrophic as Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis and requires aggressive antibiotic therapy and, typically, valve replacement...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637637/alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood-and-a-pathogenic-variant-of-atp1a3-a-case-report-and-pathophysiological-considerations
#12
Elena Pavlidis, Peter Uldall, Camilla Gøbel Madsen, Marina Nikanorova, Martin Fabricius, Hans Høgenhaven, Francesco Pisani, Rikke S Møller, Elena Gardella, Guido Rubboli
We describe a case of a child suffering from alternating hemiplegia with a heterozygous p. E815K pathogenic variant of ATP1A3. The patient started to present abnormal eye movements in the first days of life, followed by the appearance at 2 months of dystonic episodes, and later on, by recurrent episodes of alternating hemiplegia more often on the right side. A severe epilepsy started at the age of 2 years with episodes of status epilepticus since the onset which frequently recurred, requiring admission to the intensive care unit...
June 1, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637146/instilling-positive-beliefs-about-disabilities-pilot-testing-a-novel-experiential-learning-activity-for-rehabilitation-students
#13
Arielle M Silverman, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Ian K Nelson, Patricia N Matsuda, Deborah Kartin, Ivan R Molton
PURPOSE: To develop and test a novel impairment simulation activity to teach beginning rehabilitation students how people adapt to physical impairments. METHODS: Masters of Occupational Therapy students (n = 14) and Doctor of Physical Therapy students (n = 18) completed the study during the first month of their program. Students were randomized to the experimental or control learning activity. Experimental students learned to perform simple tasks while simulating paraplegia and hemiplegia...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630871/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-treatment-of-cerebral-hemorrhage-with-naoxueshu-oral-liquid
#14
REVIEW
Lijun Wu, Yanda Li, Xiaofeng Wang, Xiaomeng Ren, Haiyan Zhu, Yikun Sun, Yanwei Xing, Lingqun Zhu, Yonghong Gao, Hongcai Shang
NaoXueShu oral liquid invigorates Qi and promotes blood circulation, which is mainly used for treating the acute stage of the meridian of hemorrhagic apoplexy and acute blood stasis syndrome during early convalescence. Its main clinical manifestations include hemiplegia, mouth askew, hemianesthesia, and inarticulateness. It is used mainly in patients with lobar hemorrhage, basal ganglia, and thalamus of the small amount of bleeding without disturbing consciousness of hypertensive cerebral. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of NaoXueShu oral liquid on the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630245/internal-carotid-artery-occlusion-and-stroke-as-a-complication-of-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-for-metastatic-testicular-germ-cell-tumour
#15
Roberto Christian Cerrud-Rodriguez, Maria Gabriela Quinteros, Mohammed Azam
Testicular tumours are the most common tumours in young men. Germ cell tumours (GCTs) account for 95% of all testicular cancers, and the non-seminomatous type (NSGCT) accounts for 50% of all GCTs. Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is curative in up to 90% of patients, but it is not without its inherent risks. Ischaemic stroke is a very uncommon, but severe complication of cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Strokes in young patients cause a disproportionately large economic impact by leaving victims disabled during their most productive years and strains the healthcare system with expensive hospital stays...
June 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626543/cerebral-stroke-in-a-teenage-girl-with-paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria
#16
Francesco Gervasi, Lucia D'Amelio, Antonino Trizzino, Fabrizia Ferraro, Delia Russo, Giuseppe Santangelo, Francesca Cardella, Angela Trizzino, Floriana Di Marco, Piero Farruggia
We report a case of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) in a 14 year-old girl presenting a cerebral arterial thrombosis. The initial diagnosis was carential anemia due to menarche following identification of slight macrocytic anemia, leucopenia and mild thrombocytopenia at routine blood analysis. The child was eventually referred to a children's hospital after the onset of progressive fatigue, anorexia and paleness. Severe anemia (hemoglobin 6 g/dL) with negative Coombs test, mild leucopenia (white blood cells 4...
June 1, 2017: Hematology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626331/the-effects-of-training-using-emg-biofeedback-on-stroke-patients-upper-extremity-functions
#17
Ju-Hong Kim
[Purpose] While electromyography (EMG) biofeedback has been recently used in diverse therapeutic interventions for stroke patients, research on its effects has been lacking. Most existing studies are confined to functions of the lower extremities, and research on upper extremity functional recovery using EMG biofeedback training is limited. Therefore, this study examined the effects of training using EMG biofeedback on stroke patients' upper extremity functions. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study included 30 hemiplegia patients whose disease duration was longer than six months...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617780/-the-burden-of-disability-in-cameroon
#18
Calogero Foti, Caterina Albensi, Laura Giordani, Yannick Azeufack Ngueko, Martin Sanou Sobze, Vittorio Colizzi
AIM: Rehabilitation services for disabled persons are lacking in countries with limited economic resources. Reliable and objective data are needed to plan for their implementation and to determine the burden of disability in these countries. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in June 2013 among people living in Dschang Health District, in the West region of Cameroon, to collect information about socio-demographic aspects of physically disabled subjects and health determinants of disabilities...
March 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603369/immediate-effects-of-quick-trunk-movement-exercise-on-sit-to-stand-movement-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#19
Abbas Abdolrahmani, Hiroyuki Sakita, Ryo Yonetsu, Akira Iwata
[Purpose] This pilot study examined the immediate effects of quick-seated trunk exercise on sit-to-stand movement in children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] Five children with spastic cerebral palsy (hemiplegia, 3; diplegia, 2; age 6-17 years) performed five sessions of natural-seated trunk exercise at a self-selected speed (control). Following a 50-min rest period, five sessions of the quick-seated trunk exercise were conducted (experimental intervention) for each child. Each seated trunk exercise included 10 repetitions in the anterior-posterior and lateral directions...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592064/-clinical-analysis-on-monitoring-and-comprehensive-treatment-after-carotid-endarterectomy
#20
X Y Wang, Z H Sun, L Liu, C Wu, Z Ji
Objective: To discuss the therapeutic effect of management of carotid endarterectomy in care unit. Methods: A total of 315 patients with carotid atherosclerotic stenosis were enrolled. All of the patients were taken into care unit under tracheal intubation anesthesia after carotid endarterectomy. Then the patients were managed with a breathing machine, continuous sedation, strict monitoring of hemodynamics and pupil change, strict control of heart rate and blood pressure, atomization inhalation therapy, treatment of anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy and classification management of airway...
May 30, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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