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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760482/glycemic-impact-of-non-nutritive-sweeteners-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Alexander D Nichol, Maxwell J Holle, Ruopeng An
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs) are zero- or low-calorie alternatives to nutritive sweeteners, such as table sugars. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was conducted to quantitatively synthesize existing scientific evidence on the glycemic impact of NNSs. SUBJECTS/METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched. Two authors screened the titles and abstracts of candidate publications. The third author was consulted to resolve discrepancies...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743465/-method-of-quantitative-analysis-using-enzymatic-hydrolysis-of-%C3%AE-glucosyltransferase-treated-stevia-in-foods
#2
Mikio Sugiki, Hiroyuki Miyakawa, Shoichi Tahara, Sumiyo Yamamoto, Narue Sakamaki, Yuki Sadamasu, Yoko Uematsu, Kimio Monma
A quantitative analysis by HPLC of α-glucosyltransferase-treated stevia in foods was considered. This analysis is the way which hydrolyzed α-glucosyltransferase-treated stevia in the stevioside (SS) and the rebaudioside A (RS) using a glucoamylase. Recovery (%) of α-glucosyltransferase-treated stevia, spiked at 200 mg/kg in various foods, were more than 80% and the relative standard deviations were less than 5.0% as SS and RS for the rate of collection. A qualitative analysis by LC-MS/MS was performed 36 products of commercial foods containing stevia...
2018: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680056/synthesis-of-rebaudioside-d-using-glycosyltransferase-ugtsl2-and-in-situ-udp-glucose-regeneration
#3
Liangliang Chen, Ping Sun, Fangfang Zhou, Yan Li, Kequan Chen, Honghua Jia, Ming Yan, Dachun Gong, Pingkai Ouyang
Steviol glycosides from Stevia rebaudiana leaves are used in stevia-based sweeteners for their intense sweetness and low calories. Rebaudioside D is present in leaves in minute quantities (∼0.4-0.5% w/w total dry weight), but it is ∼350 times sweeter than sucrose, and sweeter than the more abundant rebaudioside A and stevioside. In the present study, pathways for rebaudioside D synthesis and UDP-glucose recycling were developed by coupling recombinant UDP-glucosyltransferase UGTSL2 from Solanum lycopersicum and sucrose synthase StSUS1 from Solanum tuberosum...
September 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655729/in-vitro-effects-of-rebaudioside-a-stevioside-and-steviol-on-porcine-cytochrome-p450-expression-and-activity
#4
Rebekka Thøgersen, Bjørn Petrat-Melin, Galia Zamaratskaia, Kai Grevsen, Jette Feveile Young, Martin Krøyer Rasmussen
The physiological effects of the Stevia-derived compounds, rebaudioside A, stevioside and steviol have been the focus of several studies due to their use as sweeteners in food. Despite that, little is known about their potential food-drug interactions. In the present study, IPEC-J2 cells and primary hepatocytes were used to investigate the effect of rebaudioside A, stevioside and steviol on cytochrome p450 (CYP) mRNA expression. Moreover, hepatic microsomes were used to investigate direct interactions between the compounds and specific CYP activity...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571500/development-of-pure-certified-reference-material-of-stevioside
#5
Nongluck Tangpaisarnkul, Patoomratana Tuchinda, Prapin Wilairat, Atitaya Siripinyanond, Juwadee Shiowattana, Saksit Nobsathian
Pure stevioside was extracted from leaves of Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) to be used as a reference material in the instrument calibration or method validation process. The mass fraction was determined by comparison between the mass balance method and quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance (qNMR) spectroscopy. The impurities in the sample were analyzed by Karl Fischer titration for moisture content and thermogravimetric analysis for inorganic residue. Homogeneity, together with short term and long term stability, were also studied and the uncertainty was reported...
July 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524884/steviol-slows-renal-cyst-growth-by-reducing-aqp2-expression-and-promoting-aqp2-degradation
#6
Rattikarn Noitem, Chaowalit Yuajit, Sunhapas Soodvilai, Chatchai Muanprasat, Varanuj Chatsudthipong
Overexpression of aquaporin 2 (AQP2) was observed and suggested to be involved in fluid secretion leading to cyst enlargement in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). The cyst expansion deteriorates the renal function and, therefore, therapies targeting cyst enlargement are of clinical interest. Of note, inhibition of vasopressin function using vasopressin 2 receptor (V2R) antagonist which decreased cAMP production along with AQP2 production and function can slow cyst growth in ADPKD. This finding supports the role of AQP2 in cyst enlargement...
May 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501767/centella-asiatica-ameliorates-diabetes-induced-stress-in-rat-tissues-via-influences-on-antioxidants-and-inflammatory-cytokines
#7
Bubuya Masola, Oluwafemi O Oguntibeju, Ayodeji B Oyenihi
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban (Family: Apiaceae) is a perennial herb that has been used to elevate mood, improve memory, treat wounds and manage kidney-related ailments in African traditional medicine practice. This study evaluated the potential benefits of C. asiatica (CA) on diabetes-induced stress in kidney and brain of rats. Following the induction of diabetes mellitus (DM), rats were orally treated with vehicle, CA or Metformin daily for 14 days. After treatment, renal and brain levels of inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-10 were assessed...
May 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492039/taste-responsiveness-to-two-steviol-glycosides-in-three-species-of-nonhuman-primates
#8
Sandra Nicklasson, Desirée Sjöström, Mats Amundin, Daniel Roth, Laura Teresa Hernandez Salazar, Matthias Laska
Primates have been found to differ widely in their taste perception and studies suggest that a co-evolution between plant species bearing a certain taste substance and primate species feeding on these plants may contribute to such between-species differences. Considering that only platyrrhine primates, but not catarrhine or prosimian primates, share an evolutionary history with the neotropical plant Stevia rebaudiana , we assessed whether members of these three primate taxa differ in their ability to perceive and/or in their sensitivity to its two quantitatively predominant sweet-tasting substances...
February 2018: Current Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433626/metal-oxides-as-a-biostimulator-for-upregulation-of-genes-involved-in-the-biosynthesis-of-rebaudioside-a
#9
Alireza Mirzaei, Gholamreza Kavoosi, Sara Dezhsetan, Mahdi Behnamian
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is a kind of perennial medicinal plant with sweetening properties which belongs to Asteraceae family. Its leaves with fundamental glycoside compounds consist of both a sugar part and a non-sugar sector. One of the glycoside compounds is Rebaudioside- A which has a greater importance in business. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of Ag2O, CrO3, PbO, Fe2O3, BaO and TiO2 on the expression pattern of these genes in the Stevia rebaudiana. Rebaudioside- A biosynthesis was repeated 3 times with concentrations of 50, 100 and 200µM...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433624/investigation-of-different-concentrations-of-ms-media-effects-on-gene-expression-and-steviol-glycosides-accumulation-in-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni
#10
Danial Kahrizi, Matin Ghaheri, Zahra Yari, Khirollah Yari, Sohbat Bahraminejad
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is one of two species that contains steviol glycosides. Among steviol glycosides that extracted from leaves, stevioside and rebaudioside A are the two major and the sweetest glycosides that are about 200-300 times sweeter than sucrose with zero calories. The best method for stevia propagation is tissue culture. So, for investigation of nutrients in medium, we studied the effect of different concentrations of MS media (MS, 0.5 MS, 0.25 MS, 0 MS) on morphological traits, UGT74G1 and UGT76G1 genes expression and accumulation of steviol glycosides in stevia leaves...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433623/effects-of-life-cycle-and-leaves-location-on-gene-expression-and-glycoside-biosynthesis-pathway-in-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni
#11
Matin Ghaheri, Elaheh Adibrad, Seyed Mehdi Safavi, Danial Kahrizi, Ali Soroush, Saare Muhammadi, Tayebeh Ghorbani, Ali Sabzevari, Zahra Ansarypour, Elham Rahmanian
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is One of the most important biologically sourced and low-calorie sweeteners that known as "Sweet Weed". It contains steviol glycosides that they are about 200-300 times sweeter than sucrose. Tissue culture is the best method with high efficiency that can overcome to problems of traditional methods, and it is the most useful tools for studying stress tolerance mechanisms under in vitro conditions to obtain drought tolerance. In the present research, we investigated the impact of life cycle, leaves location and the harvesting time on expression of UGT74G1 and UGT76G1 as well as steviol glycosides accumulation...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433622/effect-of-nitrogen-sources-on-gene-expression-of-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni-under-in-vitro-conditions
#12
Fariba Akbari, Ali Arminian, Danial Kahrizi, Arash Fazeli, Matin Ghaheri
Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) is a non-caloric sweetener belonging to Asteraceae family. Stevia compounds such as steviol glycosides (SGs) are 200 times sweeter than sugar. Stevioside and rebaudioside A are the two major steviol glycosides. Nitrogen is an essential element for plant growth and development. In this study the effects of nitrogen influenced by different concentrations of NH4NO3 (0, 825 and 1650 mg/l) and KNO3 (0, 950 and 1900 mg/l) is examined in MS medium. To analysis the UGT74G1 and UGT76G1 genes expression, involved in the synthesis of SGs, RT-qPCR technique was performed...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433620/effects-of-various-glutamine-concentrations-on-gene-expression-and-steviol-glycosides-accumulation-in-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni
#13
Fatemeh Esmaeili, Matin Ghaheri, Danial Kahrizi, Mohsen Mansouri, Seyed Mehdi Safavi, Tayebeh Ghorbani, Sarre Muhammadi, Elham Rahmanian, Siavash Vaziri
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is one of the most important biologically sourced and low-calorie sweeteners that contains a lots of Steviol glycosides. Tissue culture is the best method for propagation of stevia and micro nutrients can affect both morphological traits and steviol glycosides production. In the present study, we investigated the effect of different concentrations of glutamine (10, 20, 30 and 40 g/l) on expression of UGT74G1 and UGT76G1 genes and stevioside and rebaudioside A accumulation in the leaves of stevia under in vitro conditions...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328659/syntheses-of-tripterifordin-and-neotripterifordin-from-stevioside
#14
Shoji Kobayashi, Keisuke Shibukawa, Yoshiki Hamada, Takuma Kuruma, Asako Kawabata, Araki Masuyama
We report short syntheses of (-)-tripterifordin and (-)-neotripterifordin, potent inhibitors of HIV replication, from stevioside, a natural sweetener used worldwide. The key transformations are reduction at C13 through the formation of a tertiary chloride and subsequent three-step lactonization including a selective iodination at C20 by the photoreaction of the C19-alcohol. The title compounds were reliably obtained from stevioside in 9 and 11 steps (with 5-7 isolation steps), respectively. Additionally, the related lactone-containing ent-kaurenes, doianoterpenes A and B, and two more natural products were synthesized...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064007/production-of-steviol-from-steviol-glucosides-using-%C3%AE-glucosidase-from-a-commercial-pectinase-sumizyme-px
#15
Thi Thanh Hanh Nguyen, Changseop Seo, Bon-Cheol Gu, Hee-Jung Lim, Jung-Min Ha, Seong-Bo Kim, Jun-Seong Park, Doman Kim
OBJECTIVE: To purify and characterize a specific enzyme from a commercial pectinase for the production of steviol from stevioside (Ste) without adding organic solvent and to improve steviol production. RESULTS: Commercial Sumizyme PX converted Ste to steviol with a yield of 98%. β-Glucosidase from Sumizyme PX (βglyPX) was purified in three steps with 12.5-fold purification and 51% yield. The specific activity of the purified βglyPX was 141 U/mg. The molecular weight of βglyPX was ~ 116 kDa on SDS-PAGE...
January 2018: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038773/a-fusion-protein-strategy-for-soluble-expression-of-stevia-glycosyltransferase-ugt76g1-in-escherichia-coli
#16
Liangliang Chen, Ping Sun, Yan Li, Ming Yan, Lin Xu, Kequan Chen, Pingkai Ouyang
The UDP-glucosyltransferase UGT76G1 from Stevia rebaudiana converts stevioside to rebaudioside A via a one-step glycosylation reaction, which increases the amount of sweet-tasting rebaudioside A and decreases the amount of stevioside that has a bitter aftertaste. This enzyme could, therefore, conceivably be used to improve the organoleptic properties of steviol glycosides and offer a cost-effective preparation of high-purity rebaudioside A. Producing soluble enzymes by overexpression is a prerequisite for large-scale biocatalysis...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991641/cardioprotection-of-stevioside-on-stunned-rat-hearts-a-mechano-energetical-study
#17
María I Ragone, Patricia Bonazzola, Germán A Colareda, María Lara Lazarte, Fiorella Bruno, Alicia E Consolini
BACKGROUND: The sweetener and hypoglycemic properties of stevioside (STV) are well known, as the main component of the plant Stevia rebaudiana. Given its extensive use in diabetic patients, it was of interest to evaluate its effects on the most frequent cardiovascular disease, the coronary insufficiency. PURPOSE: To study whether STV could be cardioprotective against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in a model of "stunning" in rat hearts. STUDY DESIGN: A preclinical study was performed in isolated hearts from rats in the following groups: non-treated rats whose hearts were perfused with STV 0...
November 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958513/beaming-steviol-glycoside-analysis-into-the-next-dimension
#18
Benno F Zimmermann
Nine state-of-the-art reversed phase (RP) columns for ultra-high performance liquid chromatography were tested for the separation of steviol glycosides. The main criteria were resolution of the critical peak pair rebaudioside A and stevioside and the retention time of rebaudioside D. Three columns yielded a resolution of 2 or more of the critical peak pair and two of them showed sufficient retention of rebaudioside D, namely 1.62 and 1.84min corresponding to retention factors of 0.98 and 1.24. The separation of nine steviol glycosides was possible in 11min with UV and MS compatible, buffer-free eluents at moderate temperature...
February 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947927/glycosides-from-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni-possess-insulin-mimetic-and-antioxidant-activities-in-rat-cardiac-fibroblasts
#19
Cecilia Prata, Laura Zambonin, Benedetta Rizzo, Tullia Maraldi, Cristina Angeloni, Francesco Vieceli Dalla Sega, Diana Fiorentini, Silvana Hrelia
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is a shrub having a high content of sweet diterpenoid glycosides in its leaves, mainly stevioside and rebaudioside A, which are used as noncaloric, natural sweeteners. The aim of this study was to deepen the knowledge about the insulin-mimetic effect exerted by four different mixtures of steviol glycosides, rich in stevioside and rebaudioside A, in neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts. The potential antioxidant activity of these steviol glycosides was also assessed, as oxidative stress is associated with diabetes...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934139/phyllodulcin-a-natural-sweetener-regulates-obesity-related-metabolic-changes-and-fat-browning-related-genes-of-subcutaneous-white-adipose-tissue-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#20
Eunju Kim, Soo-Min Lim, Min-Soo Kim, Sang-Ho Yoo, Yuri Kim
Phyllodulcin is a natural sweetener found in Hydrangea macrophylla var. thunbergii . This study investigated whether phyllodulcin could improve metabolic abnormalities in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Animals were fed a 60% HFD for 6 weeks to induce obesity, followed by 7 weeks of supplementation with phyllodulcin (20 or 40 mg/kg body weight (b.w.)/day). Stevioside (40 mg/kg b.w./day) was used as a positive control. Phyllodulcin supplementation reduced subcutaneous fat mass, levels of plasma lipids, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and improved the levels of leptin, adiponectin, and fasting blood glucose...
September 21, 2017: Nutrients
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