keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

microbiome review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222105/the-emergency-medical-service-microbiome
#1
Andrew J Hudson, Graeme D Glaister, Hans-Joachim Wieden
Emergency medical services (EMS) personnel are an integral component of the healthcare framework and function to transport patients from various locations to and between care facilities. In addition to physical injury, EMS personnel are expected to be at high risk to acquire and transmit healthcare associated infections (HAIs) in the workplace. However, currently little is known about EMS biosafety risk factors and the epidemiological contribution of EMS to pathogen transmission within and outside of the healthcare sector...
December 8, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221800/gut-microbiome-and-antibiotics
#2
REVIEW
Tadasu Iizumi, Thomas Battaglia, Victoria Ruiz, Guillermo I Perez Perez
Despite that the human gastrointestinal tract is the most populated ecological niche by bacteria in the human body, much is still unknown about its characteristics. This site is highly susceptible to the effects of many external factors that may affect in the quality and the quantity of the microbiome. Specific factors such as diet, personal hygiene, pharmacological drugs and the use of antibiotics can produce a significant impact on the gut microbiota. The effect of these factors is more relevant early in life, when the gut microbiota has not yet fully established...
December 5, 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220570/neuromicrobiology-how-microbes-influence-the-brain
#3
Cesar de la Fuente-Nunez, Beatriz Torres Meneguetti, Octávio Luiz Franco, Timothy K Lu
We review here recent discoveries in the exciting new field of neuromicrobiology. This field encompasses the interactions between the microbiome and the central nervous system. The microbiome has a tremendous impact on human health. In particular, the gut microbiota may play a key role in many essential processes in health and disease via the activity of the gut-brain axis, possibly contributing to autism spectrum disorders, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, depression, and anxiety disorder. Gut microbes may also be involved in nociception, complex host behaviors, and brain development...
December 8, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209327/strategies-to-improve-the-efficacy-of-dendritic-cell-based-immunotherapy-for-melanoma
#4
REVIEW
Kristian M Hargadon
Melanoma is a highly aggressive form of skin cancer that frequently metastasizes to vital organs, where it is often difficult to treat with traditional therapies such as surgery and radiation. In such cases of metastatic disease, immunotherapy has emerged in recent years as an exciting treatment option for melanoma patients. Despite unprecedented successes with immune therapy in the clinic, many patients still experience disease relapse, and others fail to respond at all, thus highlighting the need to better understand factors that influence the efficacy of antitumor immune responses...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208562/microbiological-factors-affecting-clostridium-difficile-recurrence
#5
REVIEW
C H Chilton, D S Pickering, J Freeman
BACKGROUND: Recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI) places a huge economic and practical burden on healthcare facilities. Furthermore, rCDI may impact quality of life, leaving patients in a 'rCDI cycle', and dependant on antibiotic therapy. AIMS: This article discusses the importance of microbiological factors in the development of rCDI. SOURCES: Literature was drawn from a search of PubMed from 2000 onwards with the search term "recurrent Clostridium difficile infection"; and further references quoted within these articles...
December 2, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206925/exploring-fish-microbial-communities-to-mitigate-emerging-diseases-in-aquaculture
#6
Irene de Bruijn, Yiying Liu, Geert F Wiegertjes, Jos M Raaijmakers
Aquaculture is the fastest-growing animal food sector worldwide and expected to further increase to feed the growing human population. However, existing and (re-)emerging diseases are hampering fish and shellfish cultivation and yield. For many diseases, vaccination protocols are not in place and the excessive use of antibiotics and other chemicals is of substantial concern. A more sustainable disease control strategy to protect fish and shellfish from (re-)emerging diseases could be achieved by introduction or augmentation of beneficial microbes...
November 29, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206649/the-importance-of-the-microbiome-in-pediatrics-and-pediatric-infectious-diseases
#7
Thaidra Gaufin, Nicole H Tobin, Grace M Aldrovandi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Emerging research on the pediatric microbiome implicates the importance of the microbiome on the development of the immune system, nervous system, and growth. Changes to the microbiome during infancy are associated with the development of chronic illnesses such as asthma and inflammatory bowel disease. Additionally, the microbiome provides protection against certain pathogens, affects vaccine responses, and alters drug metabolism. This review highlights what is known about the microbiome, the establishment of a healthy microbiome and the significance that changes to the microbiome composition have on growth and health of children and adolescents...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205415/systematic-review-human-gut-dysbiosis-induced-by-non-antibiotic-prescription-medications
#8
REVIEW
Q Le Bastard, G A Al-Ghalith, M Grégoire, G Chapelet, F Javaudin, E Dailly, E Batard, D Knights, E Montassier
BACKGROUND: Global prescription drug use has been increasing continuously for decades. The gut microbiome, a key contributor to health status, can be altered by prescription drug use, as antibiotics have been repeatedly described to have both short-term and long-standing effects on the intestinal microbiome. AIM: To summarise current findings on non-antibiotic prescription-induced gut microbiome changes, focusing on the most frequently prescribed therapeutic drug categories...
December 5, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203054/on-the-search-to-elucidate-the-role-of-the-microbiota-in-the-genesis-of-cancer-the-cases-of-gastrointestinal-and-cervical-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Francisco Avilés-Jiménez, Yu Guogin, Kirvis Torres-Poveda, Vicente Madrid-Marina, Javier Torres
The microbiota that inhabits the human body plays an important role in health and disease, by their fundamental role in food digestion, training of the immune system or protection against pathogen colonization. However, when the equilibrium with its host is altered, some diseases like cancer might be promoted. In this review we describe the information collected in recent studies between the microbiota and its association with cancer. We conducted the review of the relation of microbiome and cancer etiology focusing on the gastrointestinal and cervical cancer...
December 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202942/microbiome-at-the-frontier-of-personalized-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Purna C Kashyap, Nicholas Chia, Heidi Nelson, Eran Segal, Eran Elinav
The genomic revolution promises to transform our approach to treat patients by individualizing treatments, reducing adverse events, and decreasing health care costs. The early advances using this have been realized primarily by optimizing preventive and therapeutic approaches in cancer using human genome sequencing. The ability to characterize the microbiome, which includes all the microbes that reside within and upon us and all their genetic elements, using next-generation sequencing allows us to now incorporate this important contributor to human disease into developing new preventive and therapeutic strategies...
December 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202875/postoperative-changes-of-the-microbiome-are-surgical-complications-related-to-the-gut-flora-a-systematic-review
#11
Ann-Kathrin Lederer, Przemyslaw Pisarski, Lampros Kousoulas, Stefan Fichtner-Feigl, Carolin Hess, Roman Huber
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to identify the relationship between the gut microbiome and the development of postoperative complications like anastomotic leakage or a wound infection. Recent reviews focusing on underlying molecular biology suggested that postoperative complications might be influenced by the patients' gut flora. Therefore, a review focusing on the available clinical data is needed. METHODS: In January 2017 a systematic search was carried out in Medline and WebOfScience to identify all clinical studies, which investigated postoperative complications after gastrointestinal surgery in relation to the microbiome of the gut...
December 4, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202198/adverse-effects-of-gluten-ingestion-and-advantages-of-gluten-withdrawal-in-nonceliac-autoimmune-disease
#12
Aaron Lerner, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Torsten Matthias
In light of the coincident surge in overall gluten intake and the incidence of autoimmune diseases, the possible biological adverse effects of gluten were explored. PubMed, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Library databases were screened for reports published between 1964 and 2016 regarding the adverse effects of gluten as well as the effects of a gluten-free diet on autoimmune diseases. In vitro and in vivo studies describing gluten intake in animal models or cell lines and gluten-free diets in human autoimmune diseases were reviewed...
November 30, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200665/the-role-of-high-mobility-group-box-1-and-its-crosstalk-with-microbiome-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
REVIEW
Federico Biscetti, Andrea Flex, Stefano Alivernini, Barbara Tolusso, Elisa Gremese, Gianfranco Ferraccioli
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, definitely disabling, and potentially severe autoimmune disease. Although an increasing number of patients are affected, a key treatment for all patients has not been discovered. High-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) is a nuclear protein passively and actively released by almost all cell types after several stimuli. HMGB1 is involved in RA pathogenesis, but a convincing explanation about its role and possible modulation in RA is still lacking. Microbiome and its homeostasis are altered in patients with RA, and the microbiota restoration has been proposed to patients with RA...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198776/insect-c-type-lectins-in-innate-immunity
#14
Xiaofeng Xia, Minsheng You, Xiang-Jun Rao, Xiao-Qiang Yu
C-type lectins (CTLs) are a family of proteins that contain characteristic modules of carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs) and they possess the binding activity to ligands in a calcium-dependent manner. CTLs play important roles in animal immune responses, and in insects, they are involved in opsonization, nodule formation, agglutination, encapsulation, melanization, and prophenoloxidase activation, as well as in maintaining gut microbiome homeostasis. In this review, we will summarize insect CTLs, compare the properties of insect CTLs with vertebrate CTLs, and focus mainly on the domain organization and functions of insect CTLs in innate immunity...
November 30, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197739/a-meta-analysis-of-the-use-of-probiotics-to-alleviate-depressive-symptoms
#15
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Christina Peters, Collin Yih Xian Ho, Donovan Yutong Lim, Wee-Song Yeo
INTRODUCTION: Some preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated the positive impact of probiotic supplementation on depressive symptoms. This paper aims to provide an updated meta-analysis on the topic. METHODS: Using the keywords [probiotics OR gut OR microflora OR microbiome OR bacteria OR yeast OR yoghurt OR lactobacillus OR bifidobacterium] AND [mood OR depression OR MDD OR suicide], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, Clinical Trials Register of the Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Group (CCDANTR) and Cochrane Field for Complementary Medicine database yielded 917 papers published in English between 1-Jan-1960 and 1-June-2017...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197615/interplay-between-the-lung-microbiome-and-lung-cancer
#16
Qixing Mao, Feng Jiang, Rong Yin, Jie Wang, Wenjie Xia, Gaochao Dong, Weidong Ma, Yao Yang, Lin Xu, Jianzhong Hu
The human microbiome confers benefits or disease susceptibility to the human body through multiple pathways. Disruption of the symbiotic balance of the human microbiome is commonly found in systematic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and chronic gastric diseases. Emerging evidence has suggested that dysbiosis of the microbiota may also play vital roles in carcinogenesis at multiple levels, e.g., by affecting metabolic, inflammatory, or immune pathways. Although the impact of the gut microbiome on the digestive cancer has been widely explored, few studies have investigated the interplay between the microbiome and lung cancer...
November 29, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196878/gut-microbiome-production-of-short-chain-fatty-acids-and-obesity-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Selvasankar Murugesan, Khemlal Nirmalkar, Carlos Hoyo-Vadillo, Matilde García-Espitia, Daniela Ramírez-Sánchez, Jaime García-Mena
Obesity has been a worldwide multifactorial epidemic malady for the last 2 decades. Changes in gut microbiota composition and its metabolites - short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) - have been associated with obesity. Recent evidence suggests that SCFAs made by the gut microbiota may regulate directly or indirectly physiological and pathological processes in relation to obesity. We review the influence of gut microbiota in energy, glucose, and lipid homeostasis control via their metabolites. Gut microbial disturbances in obese children may have a role in their metabolism...
December 2, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191793/combined-therapies-to-treat-complex-diseases-the-role-of-the-gut-microbiota-in-multiple-sclerosis
#18
REVIEW
Laura Calvo-Barreiro, Herena Eixarch, Xavier Montalban, Carmen Espejo
The commensal microbiota has emerged as an environmental risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS). Studies in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) models have shown that the commensal microbiota is an essential player in triggering autoimmune demyelination. Likewise, the commensal microbiota modulates the host immune system, alters the integrity and function of biological barriers and has a direct effect on several types of central nervous system (CNS)-resident cells. Moreover, a characteristic gut dysbiosis has been recognized as a consistent feature during the clinical course of MS, and the MS-related microbiota is gradually being elucidated...
November 27, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189325/oral-health-and-the-oral-microbiome-in-pancreatic-cancer-an-overview-of-epidemiological-studies
#19
Paige M Bracci
PURPOSE: The aim was to provide a cohesive overview of epidemiological studies of periodontal disease, oral microbiome profiles, and pancreatic cancer risk. DESIGN: A PubMed search of articles published in English through July 2017 with additional review of bibliographies of identified articles. RESULTS: Risk estimates for periodontal disease associated with pancreatic cancer consistently ranged from 1.5 to 2, aligning with a meta-analysis summary relative risk of 1...
November 2017: Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188341/a-review-of-metabolic-potential-of-human-gut-microbiome-in-human-nutrition
#20
REVIEW
Monika Yadav, Manoj Kumar Verma, Nar Singh Chauhan
The human gut contains a plethora of microbes, providing a platform for metabolic interaction between the host and microbiota. Metabolites produced by the gut microbiota act as a link between gut microbiota and its host. These metabolites act as messengers having the capacity to alter the gut microbiota. Recent advances in the characterization of the gut microbiota and its symbiotic relationship with the host have provided a platform to decode metabolic interactions. The human gut microbiota, a crucial component for dietary metabolism, is shaped by the genetic, epigenetic and dietary factors...
November 29, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
keyword
keyword
64748
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"