Read by QxMD icon Read


Chunhui Lai, Siliang Duan, Fang Ye, Xiaoqiong Hou, Xi Li, Jin Zhao, Xia Yu, Zixi Hu, Zhuoran Tang, Fengzhen Mo, Xiaomei Yang, Xiaoling Lu
PURPOSE: Dendritic cell (DC)-based cancer vaccines is a newly emerging and potent form of immune therapy. As for any new technology, there are still considerable challenges that need to be addressed. Here, we investigate the antitumor potential of a novel liposomal vaccine, M/CpG-ODN-TRP2-Lipo. METHODS: We developed a vaccination strategy by assembling the DC-targeting mannose and immune adjuvant CpG-ODN on the surface of liposomes, which were loaded with melanoma-specific TRP2180-188 peptide as liposomal vaccine...
2018: Theranostics
Mark Anczurowski, Yuki Yamashita, Munehide Nakatsugawa, Toshiki Ochi, Yuki Kagoya, Tingxi Guo, Chung-Hsi Wang, Muhammed A Rahman, Kayoko Saso, Marcus O Butler, Naoto Hirano
While the principles of classical antigen presentation via MHC class II are well-established, the mechanisms for the many routes of cross-presentation by which endogenous antigens become associated with class II molecules are not fully understood. We have recently demonstrated that the single amino acid polymorphism HLA-DPβ84Gly (DP84Gly ) is critical to abrogate class II invariant chain associated peptide (CLIP) region-mediated binding of invariant chain (Ii) to DP, allowing endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident endogenous antigens to constitutively associate with DP84Gly such as DP4...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Lilija Miller, Eva Ringler, Klaus Maximilian Kistner, Zoe Waibler
The most severe side effect in haemophilia A (HA) treatment is the development of anti-factor VIII antibodies, also called inhibitors. Why inhibitors develop in a proportion of treated HA patients and how this can be prevented remains largely unanswered. Among numerous theories, the presence of immunological danger signals, associated with events such as surgery or infection, has been proposed to play a role. In this study, we demonstrate that human dendritic cells (DC) synergistically activated by a combination of factor VIII (FVIII) concentrate plus the bacterial danger signal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induce a significantly stronger activation of autologous CD4+ T cells than DC pretreated with FVIII or LPS alone...
March 19, 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
E Ridolo, I Martignago, S Masieri
Allergic Rhinitis (AR) is an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity disease caused by inhalation of an allergen to which the patients is sensitized. Etiopathogenesis of AR comprises a sensitization phase, an immediate phase and a late phase. In the sensitization phase, inhaled allergens are processed in peptides and come into contact with the nasal mucosa cells. Antigen-Presenting Cells (APCs), especially represented by Dendritic Cells (DCs), capture them through the interaction with their own MHC class II complexes and migrate to lymph nodes...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Laura Santambrogio
This review will highlight our current understanding of the formation, circulation, and immunological role of lymphatic fluid. The formation of the extracellular fluid depends on the net balance between the hydrostatic and osmotic pressure gradients effective in the capillary beds. Lymph originates from the extracellular fluid and its composition combines the ultrafiltrated plasma proteins with the proteome generated by the metabolic activities of each parenchymal tissue. Several analyses have indicated how the lymph composition reflects the organs' physiological and pathological states...
2018: International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology
Joel D Ernst, Amber Cornelius, Ludovic Desvignes, Jacqueline Tavs, Brian A Norris
Infection with M. tuberculosis is associated with inconsistent and incomplete elimination of the bacteria, despite development of antigen-specific T cell responses. One mechanism employed by M. tuberculosis is to limit availability of antigen for activation of CD4 T cells. We examined the utility of systemic administration of epitope peptides to activate pre-existing T cells in mice infected with M. tuberculosis. We found that systemic peptide administration: 1) selectively activates T cells specific for the epitope peptide; 2) loads MHC class II on lung macrophages and dendritic cells; 3) activates CD4 T cells in the lung parenchyma; 4) has little antimycobacterial activity...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Lei Zhang, Jie Ren, Peidian Shi, Dong Lu, Chengxue Zhao, Yanxin Su, Lilin Zhang, Jinhai Huang
B4GALT5, also known as β-1, 4 galactosyltransferase V, is one of the members of β-1, 4 galactosyltransferase gene (B4GALT) family, which was concerned with embryonic development, tumor generation, other malignant diseases. In this study, we firstly cloned porcine B4GALT (pB4GALT5) from porcine alveolar macrophages, and predicted the structural domain and function of seven porcine β-1, 4 galactosyltransferase (I-VII) based on transcriptome analysis of PRRSV infected cells. Additionally, the upregulated porcine B4GALT5 expression was detected from PRRSV infected porcine alveolar macrophage (PAM) cells...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Xiang Song, Yan Zhang, Li Zhang, Wengang Song, Lixin Shi
Hypoxia-associated metabolic reprogramming modulates the biological functions of many immune and non-immune cells, and affects immune response types and intensities. Adenosine and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) are known immunosuppressors, and adenosine is a hypoxia-associated product. We investigated the impact of hypoxia on IDO production in dendritic cells (DCs). We found that hypoxia (1% O2 ) enhances IDO production in DCs, and this increase was dependent on the adenosine A3 receptor (A3R), but not A2aR or A2bR...
February 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Pei Zhang, Kang Huang, Bingyi Zhang, Derek W Dunn, Dan Chen, Fan Li, Xiaoguang Qi, Songtao Guo, Baoguo Li
BACKGROUND: Maintaining variation in immune genes, such as those of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), is important for individuals in small, isolated populations to resist pathogens and parasites. The golden snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana), an endangered primate endemic to China, has experienced a rapid reduction in numbers and severe population fragmentation over recent years. For this study, we measured the DRB diversity among 122 monkeys from three populations in the Qinling Mountains, and estimated the relative importance of different agents of selection in maintaining variation of DRB genes...
March 13, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Maryam Golshani, Melina Ghasemian, Nematollah Gheibi, Saeid Bouzari
Background: L7/L12 is a protective antigen conserved in main Brucella pathogens and is considered as potential vaccine candidate. Outer membrane protein 2b is an immunogen conserved in all Brucella pathogens. Materials and Methods: The purpose of the current study was to in silico design a L7/L12-SOmp2b fusion protein and in vitro production of the chimera. Two possible fusion forms, L7/L12-SOmp2b and SOmp2b-L7/L12, were subjected to in silico modeling and analysis...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Andrew J Guy, Vashti Irani, James G Beeson, Benjamin Webb, Andrej Sali, Jack S Richards, Paul A Ramsland
Humoral immune responses against the malaria parasite are an important component of a protective immune response. Antibodies are often directed towards conformational epitopes, and the native structure of the antigenic region is usually critical for antibody recognition. We examined the structural features of various Plasmodium antigens that may impact on epitope location, by performing a comprehensive analysis of known and modelled structures from P. falciparum. Examining the location of known polymorphisms over all available structures, we observed a strong propensity for polymorphic residues to be exposed on the surface and to occur in particular secondary structure segments such as hydrogen-bonded turns...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jie Wang, Lina Yang, Xiaohe Mao, Zaiye Li, Xiaoyu Lin, Canhua Jiang
It has been shown that the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients presented cytotoxic CD8 T cell response against Streptococcus salivarius (S. salivarius), of which the frequency was positively associated with recurrence-free survival in OSCC patients. To identify the conditions required for regulating S. salivarius-specific CD8 T cell-mediated cytotoxicity, we selectively depleted individual components of the PBMCs, and observed that the depletion of monocytes/macrophages, but not other immune cell subsets, significantly downregulated the S...
March 9, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Chalathan Saengruengrit, Patcharee Ritprajak, Supason Wanichwecharungruang, Apoorva Sharma, Georgeta Salvan, Dietrich R T Zahn, Numpon Insin
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have received much attention in drug and biomolecule delivery systems. Here, we report a delivery system using the combination of a magnetic field and the relatively biocompatible composite particles of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) and SPIONs (SPION-PLGA particles) for protein delivery to bone-marrow derived primary dendritic cells (BM-DCs). SPIONs with the diameter of ∼10 nm were synthesized via thermal decomposition of iron(III) oleate. The SPIONs and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were encapsulated in PLGA particles of two different diameters, 300 and 500 nm...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Ryan J Colquhoun, Mitchel A Magrini, Cody T Haun, Tyler W D Muddle, Patrick M Tomko, Micheal J Luera, Cameron S Mackey, Christopher G Vann, Jeffrey S Martin, Kaelin C Young, Jason M DeFreitas, Michael D Roberts, Nathaniel D M Jenkins
Previous investigations have reported a relationship between skeletal muscle phenotype and motor unit (MU) firing parameters during submaximal contractions. The purpose of the current investigation, however, was to examine the relationships between motor unit firing behavior during a maximal voluntary contraction, Myosin Heavy Chain (MHC) isoform content, and various molecular neuromuscular targets of the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle in resistance-trained men. Ten resistance-trained males completed a trapezoidal ramp contraction up to 100% of their maximal voluntary isometric strength (MVIC)...
March 2018: Physiological Reports
Jahnavi Aluri, Maya Gupta, Aparna Dalvi, Snehal Mhatre, Manasi Kulkarni, Gouri Hule, Mukesh Desai, Nitin Shah, Prasad Taur, Ramprasad Vedam, Manisha Madkaikar
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive form of primary immunodeficiency disorder (PID) characterized by the deficiency of MHC class II molecules. This deficiency affects the cellular and humoral immune response by impairing the development of CD4+ T helper (Th) cells and Th cell-dependent antibody production by B cells. Affected children typically present with severe respiratory and gastrointestinal tract infections. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only curative therapy available for treating these patients...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Yi-Guang Chen, Clayton E Mathews, John P Driver
For more than 35 years, the NOD mouse has been the primary animal model for studying autoimmune diabetes. During this time, striking similarities to the human disease have been uncovered. In both species, unusual polymorphisms in a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecule confer the most disease risk, disease is caused by perturbations by the same genes or different genes in the same biological pathways and that diabetes onset is preceded by the presence of circulating autoreactive T cells and autoantibodies that recognize many of the same islet antigens...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Rosa de Hoz, Ana I Ramírez, Rosa González-Martín, Daniel Ajoy, Blanca Rojas, Elena Salobrar-Garcia, Francisco J Valiente-Soriano, Marcelino Avilés-Trigueros, Maria P Villegas-Pérez, Manuel Vidal-Sanz, Alberto Triviño, José M Ramírez, Juan J Salazar
The immune system plays an important role in glaucomatous neurodegeneration. Retinal microglial reactivation associated with ganglion cell loss could reportedly contribute to the glaucoma progression. Recently we have described signs of microglia activation both in contralateral and ocular hypertension (OHT) eyes involving all retinal layers 15 days after OHT laser induction in mice. However, no works available have analyzed the microglial activation at earliest time points after OHT induction (24 h) in this experimental model...
March 9, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
José Roberto Fogaça de Almeida, Grasielle Pereira Jannuzzi, Gilberto Hideo Kaihami, Leandro Carvalho Dantas Breda, Karen Spadari Ferreira, Sandro Rogério de Almeida
Sporothrix brasiliensis is the most virulent fungus of the Sporothrix complex and is the main species recovered in the sporotrichosis zoonotic hyperendemic area in Rio de Janeiro. A vaccine against S. brasiliensis could improve the current sporotrichosis situation. Here, we show 3 peptides from S. brasiliensis immunogenic proteins that have a higher likelihood for engaging MHC-class II molecules. We investigated the efficiency of the peptides as vaccines for preventing subcutaneous sporotrichosis. In this study, we observed a decrease in lesion diameters in peptide-immunized mice, showing that the peptides could induce a protective immune response against subcutaneous sporotrichosis...
March 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Giulia Franzoni, Simon P Graham, Giovanna Sanna, Pierpaolo Angioi, Mariangela S Fiori, Antonio Anfossi, Massimo Amadori, Silvia Dei Giudici, Annalisa Oggiano
African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating disease for which there is no vaccine. The ASF virus (ASFV) can infect dendritic cell (DC), but despite the critical role these cells play in induction of adaptive immunity, few studies investigated their response to ASFV infection. We characterized the in vitro interactions of porcine monocyte-derived DCs (moDC) with a virulent (22653/14), a low virulent (NH/P68) and an avirulent (BA71V) ASFV strain. At a high multiplicity of infection (MOI = 1), all three strains infected immature moDC...
March 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Guang-Ping Liu, Li-Xin Xiang, Tong Shao, Ai-Fu Lin, Jian-Zhong Shao
Peroxiredoxin 1 (Prdx1/Prx1), a ubiquitous antioxidant enzyme involved in preventing oxidative damage and maintaining redox homeostasis, is essential for various cellular activities. Extracellular Prdx1 also plays important roles in innate immune responses. However, little is known about the regulatory functions of Prdx1 in adaptive immunity. In the present study, we report the stimulatory role of Prdx1 in the initiation of adaptive humoral immunity in a zebrafish model. Administration of Prdx1 protein to zebrafish significantly induced the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 by the Toll-like-receptor-4a-mediated NF-κB signaling pathway and enhanced the activation of MHC-II+ antigen-presenting cells, CD4+ T cells, and mIgM+ B cells...
March 5, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"