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Knowledge and awareness in chronic kidney disease

Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Santina Castellino, Giuseppe Gernone, Domenico Santoro, Gabriella Moroni, Donatella Spotti, Franca Giacchino, Rossella Attini, Monica Limardo, Stefania Maxia, Antioco Fois, Linda Gammaro, Tullia Todros
Preeclampsia (PE) is a protean syndrome causing a transitory kidney disease, characterised by hypertension and proteinuria, ultimately reversible after delivery. Its prevalence is variously estimated, from 3 to 5% to 10% if all the related disorders, including also pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and HELLP syndrome (haemolysis, increase in liver enzyme, low platelets) are included. Both nephrologists and obstetricians are involved in the management of the disease, according to different protocols, and the clinical management, as well as the role for each specialty, differs worldwide...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
Sikander Surana, Neeru Kumar, Amita Vasudeva, Gulvahid Shaikh, Kenar D Jhaveri, Hitesh Shah, Deepa Malieckal, Joshua Fogel, Gurwinder Sidhu, Sofia Rubinstein
BACKGROUND: Drug dosing errors result in adverse patient outcomes and are more common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). As internists treat the majority of patients with CKD, we study if Internal Medicine house-staff have awareness and knowledge about the correct dosage of commonly used medications for those with CKD. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed and included 341 participants. The outcomes were the awareness of whether a medication needs dose adjustment in patients with CKD and whether there was knowledge for the level of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) a medication needs to be adjusted...
January 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
Chien-Fang Huang, Ju-Chi Liu, Hui-Chuan Huang, Shao-Yuan Chuang, Chang-I Chen, Kuan-Chia Lin
The aim of the study was to investigate the longitudinal transition trajectory of gout and its comorbidities in male patients with gout in different age groups. A total of 3973 male patients who received a new diagnosis of gouty arthritis were identified from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database and divided into two age cohorts (<50 and ≥50 years). Each patient was individually followed from 2000 to 2009 to identify associated comorbidities, namely hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and chronic kidney disease...
February 2017: Rheumatology International
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Zbigniew Heleniak, Magdalena Cieplińska, Tomasz Szychliński, Dymitr Rychter, Kalina Jagodzińska, Alicja Kłos, Izabela Kuźmiuk, Marzena Jakimowicz Tylicka, Leszek Tylicki, Bolesław Rutkowski, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień
AIMS: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the cornerstone of pain management. There are no detailed data on NSAIDs use in Poland, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency, circumstances, and causes of NSAIDs use as well as knowledge of their side-effects in patients with CKD. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 972 individuals with CKD, enrolled in a written survey originally developed by the authors...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Nephrology
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Gregory S Schober, Julia B Wenger, Celeste C Lee, Jonathan Oberlander, Jennifer E Flythe
BACKGROUND: Health advocacy groups provide education, raise public awareness, and engage in legislative, scientific, and regulatory processes to advance funding and treatments for many diseases. Despite a high burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the United States, public awareness and research funding lag behind those for other disease states. We undertook this study of patients receiving maintenance dialysis to describe knowledge and beliefs about CKD advocacy, understand perceptions regarding advocacy participation, and elicit ideas for generating more advocacy in the dialysis community...
January 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Tung-Min Yu, Ya-Wen Chuang, Mei-Ching Yu, Cheng-Hsu Chen, Cheng-Kuang Yang, Shih-Ting Huang, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuo-Hsiung Shu, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: Data for the risk of any solid cancer in patients with polycystic kidney disease are scarce. Therefore, we did a nationwide cohort study in Taiwan to establish the risk of cancer in patients with polycystic kidney disease without either chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease. METHODS: From inpatient claims of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we included patients aged 20 years and older and diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease between January, 1998 and December, 2010, in the polycystic kidney disease cohort...
October 2016: Lancet Oncology
C Y Ng, Z S Lee, K S Goh
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major health concern worldwide. There are limited studies which look into the actual knowledge level of CKD among the general population both locally and internationally. This study aims to assess the knowledge level of CKD among patients in a secondary hospital in Malaysia. METHODS: Consecutive sampling of patients attending the Medical Outpatient Clinic was performed in this crosssectional study. Respondents were given self-administered questionnaires which contain questions on demographic characteristics and knowledge on CKD...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
A O Takure, Y O Jinadu, S A Adebayo, O B Shittu, B L Salako, S Kadiri
Renal transplantation is well established in the USA, Europe, India, and South Africa. However, it is still in its infancy in Nigeria. The objective of our study is to determine the knowledge, awareness, and acceptability of renal transplant among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the factors which are responsible for the low level of transplantation in Ibadan, Nigeria. A 15-item pilot-tested questionnaire was administered to willing patients with ESRD seen at the medical outpatient clinic of the University Teaching Hospital, from January to December 2011...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
John W Stanifer, Elizabeth L Turner, Joseph R Egger, Nathan Thielman, Francis Karia, Venance Maro, Kajiru Kilonzo, Uptal D Patel, Karen Yeates
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a leading cause of death among adults in sub-Saharan Africa, and chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing public health threat. Understanding knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with NCDs is vital to informing optimal policy and public health responses in the region, but few community-based assessments have been performed for CKD. To address this gap, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of adults in northern Tanzania using a validated instrument...
2016: PloS One
Pamela A Lopez-Vargas, Allison Tong, Martin Howell, Jonathan C Craig
BACKGROUND: Preventing progression from earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to end-stage kidney disease and minimizing the risk for cardiovascular events and other complications is central to the management of CKD. Patients' active participation in their own care is critical, but may be limited by their lack of awareness and understanding of CKD. We aimed to evaluate educational interventions for primary and secondary prevention of CKD. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
September 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Christina Tieu, Roger K Moreira, Louis M Wong Kee Song, Shounak Majumder, Konstantinos A Papadakis, Marie C Hogan
BACKGROUND: Optimal phosphorous control is an important aspect of the care of patients with end-stage renal disease, and phosphate binders are usually needed. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis presented to the emergency room with abdominal discomfort, rectal pain, and blood-tinged stools. Initial concern was for a rectal carcinoma, based on the symptoms and imaging in initial computerized tomography of the abdomen showing rectal wall thickening, and her clinical presentation...
February 24, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
R Oluyombo, O E Ayodele, P O Akinwusi, O O Okunola, B A Gbadegesin, M O Soje, A Akinsola
BACKGROUND: Awareness and education on kidney disease impact on its effective management and will reduce the significant economic and public health burden. Knowledge of CKD and risk factors increases the perception of being at high risk and increasing health seeking behavior. We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study to assess the level of awareness, knowledge and conventional risk factors of CKD in the community to strategize on preventive modalities using the information gathered from this population...
March 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Babawale T Bello, Yemi R Raji
In most parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, kidney transplant programs are dependent on the willingness of relatives of patients with kidney failure to donate kidneys. This study assessed the attitudes of relatives of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) toward kidney donation. This was a cross-sectional survey of relatives of patients with CKD attending the nephrology service of our hospital. The respondents' socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge and beliefs about kidney transplantation, as well as their willingness to donate a kidney, were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire...
January 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Pennghan K Nchifor, Marie-Patrice Halle, Daniel N Nebongo, Yannick Mboue-Djieka, François F Kaze, Gotlieb L Monekosso
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is frequently unrecognized by non-nephrology physicians. There is an ongoing governmental program to create hemodialysis centers in the ten regions of Cameroon, where a previous study reported high levels of late referral to nephrologists. We aimed to assess the knowledge of physicians on CKD and their attitudes regarding referral. METHODS: A questionnaire based on the Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative Guidelines of 2002 was self-administered to general practitioners and non-nephrology specialists working in two Cameroon cities that have hemodialysis centers (Douala and Bamenda)...
January 18, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Noriaki Nakai, Akifumi Ohshita, Junya Kuroda, Norito Katoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Sana R Akbar, Hafiz I Iqbal, Umair Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is an increasingly prevalent health problem with the potential for poor outcome of end-stage renal disease. Hospitalized critically ill patients are prone to acute renal injury from numerous factors such as poor renal perfusion secondary to ischemia and hypotension, nephrotoxin exposure, and intravenous contrast exposure. AIMS: We set to explore resident awareness and knowledge about chronic kidney disease management, timely nephrology referrals, preventing inadvertent acute kidney injury (AKI), and the understanding of basic electrolyte physiology...
November 2015: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
Gaby F van Ek, Esmée M Krouwel, Melianthe P Nicolai, Hanneke Bouwsma, Jan Ringers, Hein Putter, Rob C M Pelger, Henk W Elzevier
INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunction (SD) is a common problem in patients suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD). Sexual health remains a difficult subject to detect and discuss. Although many studies have been performed on the incidence of SD, little is known about practice patterns when it concerns quality of life (QoL)-related questions such as SD in the nephrologists' practice. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine to which extent nephrologists, important renal care providers, discuss SD with their patients and their possible barriers toward discussing this subject...
December 2015: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Eva Y G De Vilder, Mohammad Jakir Hosen, Olivier M Vanakker
The knowledge on the genetic etiology of complex disorders largely results from the study of rare monogenic disorders. Often these common and rare diseases show phenotypic overlap, though monogenic diseases generally have a more extreme symptomatology. ABCC6, the gene responsible for pseudoxanthoma elasticum, an autosomal recessive ectopic mineralization disorder, can be considered a paradigm gene with relevance that reaches far beyond this enigmatic orphan disease. Indeed, common traits such as chronic kidney disease or cardiovascular disorders have been linked to the ABCC6 gene...
2015: BioMed Research International
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