keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lung development

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667778/dna-methylation-biomarkers-for-the-occurrence-of-lung-adenocarcinoma-from-tcga-data-mining
#1
Xiao-Feng Zhu, Bi-Sheng Zhu, Fei-Ma Wu, Hai-Bo Hu
The development of lung cancer is a combination of multifactor, multistage, and multiple genetic alterations processes. DNA methylation is an important factor. Currently, the study on the genome-scale epigenetic modification for studying the pathogenesis of lung cancer is still lacking. Here, we aimed to identify the epigenetic modifications of lung cancer, thus to provide scientific basis for the personalized medicine, and research of classification screening for lung adenocarcinoma patients. The DNA methylation data, and the corresponding clinical information of lung adenocarcinoma samples were extracted from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667549/dentification-and-quantification-of-quercetin-a-major-consitituent-of-artocarpus-altilis-by-targeting-related-genes-of-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-in-vitro-cytotoxic-activity-against-human-lung-carcinoma-cell-lines-a549
#2
Silvana Russo, Walter Filgueira De Azevedo
BACKGROUND: Cannabinoid Receptor 1 (CB1) is a membrane protein prevalent in the central nervous system, whose crystallographic structure has recently been solved. Studies will be needed to investigate CB1 complexes with its ligands and its role in the development of new drugs. OBJECTIVE: Our goal here is to review the studies on CB1, starting with general aspects and focusing on the recent structural studies, with emphasis on the inverse agonists bound structures...
April 17, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667359/predicting-responses-to-mechanical-ventilation-for-preterm-infants-with-acute-respiratory-illness-using-artificial-neural-networks
#3
Katharine Brigham, Samir Gupta, John C Brigham
Infants born prematurely are particularly susceptible to respiratory illness due to underdeveloped lungs, which can often result in fatality. Preterm infants in acute stages of respiratory illness typically require mechanical ventilation assistance, and the efficacy of the type of mechanical ventilation and its delivery has been the subject of a number clinical studies. With recent advances in machine learning approaches, particularly deep learning, it may be possible to estimate future responses to mechanical ventilation in real-time, based on ventilation monitoring up to the point of analysis...
April 17, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667338/variation-in-the-tek-gene-is-not-associated-with-asthma-but-with-allergic-conjunctivitis
#4
L E Fodor, A Gézsi, Z Gál, A Nagy, A Kiss, A Bikov, C Szalai
The Tie2 receptor is an important player in angiogenesis. The Tie2 mRNA and protein are abundantly expressed in the lungs and the associated pathway also has an important role in the development and function of the eye. Tie2 is encoded by the TEK gene in humans. Recently, variations in the TEK gene have been found associated with asthma. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether variations in the TEK gene influenced the susceptibility to pediatric asthma and/or associated phenotypes like GINA status, viral- or exercise-induced asthma, allergic asthma, indoor, outdoor, inhalative allergies, IgE and eosonophil levels, allergic rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667271/syndrome-and-outcome-of-antibody-negative-limbic-encephalitis
#5
Francesc Graus, Domingo Escudero, Laura Oleaga, Jordi Bruna, Alberto Villarejo-Galende, Jordi Ballabriga, María Inés Barceló, Francisco Gilo, Stoyan Popkirov, Pavel Stourac, Josep Dalmau
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical characteristics of 12 patients with limbic encephalitis (LE) who were antibody-negative after a comprehensive immunological study. METHODS: Review of clinical records of 163 patients with LE. Immunohistochemistry on rat brain, cultured neurons, and cell-based assays were used to identify neuronal autoantibodies. Patients were included if 1) there was adequate clinical, CSF, and MRI information to classify the syndrome as LE, 2) MRI images were accesible for central review, and 3) serum and CSF were available and confirmed negative for neuronal antibodies...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666949/precision-medicine-against-alk-positive-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-beyond-crizotinib
#6
REVIEW
Biagio Ricciuti, Andrea De Giglio, Carmen Mecca, Cataldo Arcuri, Sabrina Marini, Giulio Metro, Sara Baglivo, Angelo Sidoni, Guido Bellezza, Lucio Crinò, Rita Chiari
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements represent the molecular driver of a subset of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). Despite the initial response, virtually all ALK-positive patients develop an acquired resistance to the ALK inhibitor crizotinib, usually within 12 months. Several next-generation ALK inhibitors have been developed in order to overcome crizotinib limitation, providing an unprecedented survival for this subset of patients. The aim of this review to summarize the current knowledge on ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in the treatment of advanced ALK-positive NSCLC, focusing on the role of novel ALK inhibitors in this setting...
April 17, 2018: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666896/calpain-inhibition-attenuates-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis-via-switching-the-development-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#7
Yuan Liu, Bing Liu, Gu-Qin Zhang, Jing-Feng Zou, Meng-Lin Zou, Zhen-Shun Cheng
Calpains are intracellular calcium-dependent cysteine proteases, which cleave several substrates proteins, have been proven to play important roles in lung fibrosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of calpain on bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis. A lung fibrosis mice model was established successfully by intraperitoneal injection of bleomycin. Calpeptin, a highly selective inhibitor of calpain activation, was administered three times weekly after bleomycin injection. Histological examination was used to assess the fibrosis...
April 18, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666818/the-role-of-positron-emission-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-staging-and-response-assessment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Sara Volpi, Jason M Ali, Angela Tasker, Adam Peryt, Giuseppe Aresu, Aman S Coonar
Lung cancer is a common disease and the leading cause of cancer-related mortality, with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounting for the majority of cases. Following diagnosis of lung cancer, accurate staging is essential to guide clinical management and inform prognosis. Positron emission tomography (PET) in conjunction with computed tomography (CT)-as PET-CT has developed as an important tool in the multi-disciplinary management of lung cancer. This article will review the current evidence for the role of 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET-CT in NSCLC diagnosis, staging, response assessment and follow up...
March 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666811/immune-checkpoint-pathways-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Young Kwang Chae, Ayush Arya, Wade Iams, Marcello Cruz, Nisha Mohindra, Victoria Villaflor, Francis J Giles
Immunotherapy has evolved at a phenomenal pace in cancer therapeutics. This has primarily been fueled by the much perceived necessity to procure an alternative to current standard of care chemotherapy agents, owing to several concerns such as treatment-related toxicity and poor long-term survival associated with the same. The knowledge of various mechanisms involved in regulation of immune response to cancer cells has served a fundamental role in identifying key molecules through which immune cell activity may be modulated...
March 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666465/molecular-epidemiology-of-lung-cancer-in-iran-implications-for-drug-development-and-cancer-prevention
#10
REVIEW
Zahra Fathi, Nicholas L Syn, Jian-Guo Zhou, Raheleh Roudi
Epidemiological studies undertaken over the past decades reveal a gradual but progressive increase in the incidence and mortality attributable to lung cancer in the Islamic Republic of Iran, a sovereign state geographically situated at the crossroads of Central Eurasia and Western Asia. We identified references published in English and Persian through searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, and the Scientific Information Database (SID)-a specialized Iranian database, which indexes Iranian scientific journals-between inception and 15 September 2017...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666294/laryngeal-responses-to-mechanically-assisted-cough-in-progressing-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#11
Tiina M Andersen, Astrid Sandnes, Ove Fondenes, Roy M Nilsen, Ole-Bjørn Tysnes, John-Helge Heimdal, Hege H Clemm, Thomas Halvorsen, Maria Vollsœter, Ola D Røksund
BACKGROUND: Respiratory complications represent the major cause of death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Noninvasive respiratory support is the mainstay therapy, but treatment becomes challenging as the disease progresses, possibly due to a malfunctioning larynx, which is the entrance to the airways. We studied laryngeal response patterns to mechanically assisted cough (mechanical insufflation-exsufflation) as ALS progresses. METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study of 13 consecutively included subjects with ALS were followed up during 2011-2016 with repeated tests of lung function, neurological status, and laryngeal responses to mechanical insufflation-exsufflation using video-recorded flexible transnasal fiberoptic laryngoscopy...
April 17, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666098/a-misplaced-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-presenting-as-contralateral-pleural-effusion
#12
Jogender Kumar, Sudeep K C, Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Somosri Ray
A preterm neonate born at 27 weeks, with a birth weight of 555 g, was on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for apnoea of prematurity and initially received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) through the umbilical venous catheter. Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) was inserted in the left basilica vein on day 8 to continue TPN. The baby developed respiratory distress with persistent hypoxia after TPN was initiated through the PICC line. The baby required mechanical ventilation due to worsening of respiratory distress, and chest X-ray, as well as ultrasound conducted 12 hours, postinfusion of TPN revealed right-sided pleural effusion...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665948/preclinical-tools-for-the-evaluation-of-tuberculosis-treatment-regimens-for-children
#13
E W Tucker, K E Dooley
Tuberculosis (TB) treatment regimens have been extrapolated from adults to children. However, pediatric disease merits different treatment strategies to avoid under- or over-treatment. While animal models have been pivotal in identifying effective regimens for adult disease, pediatric TB is heterogeneous and cannot be represented by a single preclinical model. Infants and young children most commonly have disseminated disease or tuberculous meningitis (TBM), school-aged children have paucibacillary disease, and adolescents have adult-like cavitary lung disease...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665837/the-cxcl5-cxcr2-axis-contributes-to-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells-by-activating-erk-gsk-3%C3%AE-snail-signalling
#14
Wen-Ze Qiu, Hai-Bo Zhang, Wei-Xiong Xia, Liang-Ru Ke, Jing Yang, Ya-Hui Yu, Hu Liang, Xin-Jun Huang, Guo-Ying Liu, Wang-Zhong Li, Yan-Qun Xiang, Tie-Bang Kang, Xiang Guo, Xing Lv
BACKGROUND: Distant metastasis is the major cause of treatment failure in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Although several biomarkers correlate with metastasis and prognosis, the molecular mechanisms of NPC development and progression remain unclear. METHODS: Quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR), western blotting, cell growth, foci formation, migration and invasion assays, and xenograft mouse models were utilized to examine the expression levels and functions of the CXCL5/CXCR2 axis in NPC...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665800/mda-5-associated-rapidly-progressive-interstitial-lung-disease-with-recurrent-pneumothoraces-a-case-report
#15
Safi Alqatari, Peter Riddell, Sinead Harney, Michael Henry, Grainne Murphy
BACKGROUND: Clinically hypomyopathic dermatomyositis is a rare disease that is important to recognize, investigate and treat early as it is associated with poor prognosis. In a proportion of patients, myositis specific antibodies could be negative, but with high clinical suspicion, myositis associated antibodies should be ordered. Anti-MDA-5 antibodies was reported in literature to be associated with severe and rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease, with few case reports of pneumothorax and/or pneumomediastinum...
April 17, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665783/surveillance-on-the-endemic-of-zika-virus-infection-by-meteorological-factors-in-colombia-a-population-based-spatial-and-temporal-study
#16
Lung-Chang Chien, Ro-Ting Lin, Yunqi Liao, Francisco S Sy, Adriana Pérez
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is a pandemic and a public health emergency. It is transmitted by mosquitoes, primarily the Aedes genus. In light of no treatment currently, it is crucial to develop effective vector control programs to prevent the spread of ZIKV infection earlier when observing possible risk factors, such as weather conditions enhancing mosquito breeding and surviving. METHODS: This study collected daily meteorological measurements and weekly ZIKV infectious cases among 32 departments of Colombia from January 2015-December 2016...
April 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665774/prediction-of-microrna-disease-associations-based-on-distance-correlation-set
#17
Haochen Zhao, Linai Kuang, Lei Wang, Pengyao Ping, Zhanwei Xuan, Tingrui Pei, Zhelun Wu
BACKGROUND: Recently, numerous laboratory studies have indicated that many microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in and associated with human diseases and can serve as potential biomarkers and drug targets. Therefore, developing effective computational models for the prediction of novel associations between diseases and miRNAs could be beneficial for achieving an understanding of disease mechanisms at the miRNA level and the interactions between diseases and miRNAs at the disease level. Thus far, only a few miRNA-disease association pairs are known, and models analyzing miRNA-disease associations based on lncRNA are limited...
April 17, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665591/development-of-ph-dependent-nanospheres-for-nebulisation-in-vitro-diffusion-aerodynamic-and-cytotoxicity-studies
#18
Pradum P Ige, Sagar R Pardeshi, Raju O Sonawane
The aim of this work was to evaluate the in vitro performance of nebulized nanosuspension formulation when nebulized using ultrasonic nebulizer. The present investigation deals with successful formulation of Beclomethasone dipropionate loaded HPMCP nanospheres prepared by solvent evaporation technique using PEG 400 as a stabilizer. Beclomethasone dipropionate is a water insoluble drug molecule was encapsulated in HPMCP nanospheres to have pH dependent solubility at basic pH for targeted drug delivery in lung and studied for in vitro cytotoxicity and immediate release capability...
April 17, 2018: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665442/carbapenems-versus-alternative-%C3%AE-lactams-for-the-treatment-of-nosocomial-pneumonia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
J Nicholas O'Donnell, Nathaniel J Rhodes, Jenna Lopez, Rebecca Jett, Marc H Scheetz
BACKGROUND: Carbapenems have demonstrated efficacy in treating nosocomial pneumonias in clinical trials despite a reported low lung penetration compared to other β-lactams. Preserving the clinical activity of carbapenems through stewardship efforts is essential. This review aims to identify if differences in outcomes exist, potentially as a function of decreased penetration. METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane Library were systematically searched for clinical trials comparing carbapenems to other anti-pseudomonal β-lactams for the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia through December 2016...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665393/comparative-experimental-theoretical-studies-on-the-egfr-dimerization-under-the-effect-of-egf-egf-analogues-binding-highlighting-the-importance-of-egf-egfr-interactions-at-site-iii-interface
#20
Masomeh Mehrabi, Hamid Mahdiuni, Hassan Rasouli, Kamran Mansouri, Mohsen Shahlaie, Reza Khodarahmi
Epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) and their cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases play significant roles in cell proliferation and signaling. All the members of the EGFR/ErbB family are primary goals for cancer therapy, particularly for tumors of breast, cervix, ovaries, kidney, esophagus, prostate and non-small-cell lung carcinoma and head and neck tumors. However, the therapeutic ability of accessible anti-ErbB agents is limited. Therefore, recognizing EGF analogues or small organic molecules with high affinity for the extracellular domain of the EGFR is a critical target on cancer research...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
keyword
keyword
64735
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"