keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lung development

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045979/-changes-of-serum-krebs-von-den-lungen-6-levels-in-interstitial-lung-disease-associated-with-dermatomyositis-and-secondary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#1
J F Yu, Y B Jin, J He, Y An, Z G Li
Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are a diverse group of pulmonary disorders characterized by various patterns of inflammation and fibrosis in the interstitium of the lung. The underlying pathogenesis of ILDs is complex and associated with multiple rheumatologic conditions, such as systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, pollymyositis and dermatomyositis, Sjögren's syndrome, and systemic lupus erythematosus. As the disease progresses, excessive pulmonary fibrosis impairs alveolar gas exchange and damages pulmonary function...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045509/the-antibody-drug-conjugate-target-landscape-across-a-broad-range-of-tumour-types
#2
K L Moek, D J A de Groot, E G E de Vries, R S N Fehrmann
Background: Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), consisting of an antibody designed against a specific target at the cell membrane linked with a cytotoxic agent, are an emerging class of therapeutics. Since ADC tumour cell targets do not have to be drivers of tumour growth, ADCs are potentially relevant for a wide range of tumours currently lacking clear oncogenic drivers. Therefore, we aimed to define the landscape of ADC targets in a broad range of tumours. Materials and methods: PubMed and ClinicalTrials...
September 25, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045046/a-novel-mouse-cre-driver-line-targeting-perilipin-2-expressing-cells-in-the-neonatal-lung
#3
Aglaia Ntokou, Marten Szibor, José Alberto Rodríguez-Castillo, Jennifer Quantius, Susanne Herold, Elie El Agha, Saverio Bellusci, Isabelle Salwig, Thomas Braun, Robert Voswinckel, Werner Seeger, Rory E Morty, Katrin Ahlbrecht
Pulmonary diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung fibrosis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia are characterized by the destruction or malformation of the alveolar regions of the lung. The underlying pathomechanisms at play are an area of intense interest since these mechanisms may reveal pathways suitable for interventions to drive reparative processes. Lipid-laden fibroblasts (lipofibroblasts) express the Perilipin 2 (Plin2) gene-product, PLIN2, commonly called adipose-differentiation related protein (ADRP) These cells are also thought to play a role in alveolarization and repair after injury to the alveolus...
October 16, 2017: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044830/optimal-management-of-apparatus-dead-space-in-the-anesthetized-infant
#4
REVIEW
Michael R King, Jeffrey M Feldman
Mechanical ventilation of the anesthetized infant requires careful attention to equipment and ventilator settings to assure optimal gas exchange and minimize the potential for lung injury. Apparatus dead space, defined as dead space resulting from devices placed between the endotracheal tube and the Y-piece of the breathing circuit, is the primary source of dead space controlled by the clinician. Due to the small tidal volumes required by infants and neonates, it is easy to create excessive apparatus dead space resulting in unintended hypercarbia or increased minute ventilation in an effort to achieve a desirable PCO2 ...
October 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044226/bone-marrow-transplant-induced-alterations-in-notch-signaling-promote-pathologic-th17-responses-to-%C3%AE-herpesvirus-infection
#5
S J Gurczynski, X Zhou, M Flaherty, C A Wilke, B B Moore
Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) is a common, often fatal, complication following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) characterized by severe pneumonitis and interstitial fibrosis. Fully reconstituted syngeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) mice infected with murine γ-herpesvirus-68 develop interleukin-17 (IL-17)-driven pneumonitis and fibrosis, which mimics clinical manifestations of IPS. We found CD103+ and CD11b+ dendritic cells (DCs) are selectively deficient for the Notch ligand, DLL4, following BMT and CD4+ T cells isolated from lungs and spleens of infected BMT mice display Notch signaling defects...
October 18, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044153/tripalmitin-nanoparticle-formulations-significantly-enhance-paclitaxel-antitumor-activity-against-breast-and-lung-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#6
María Carmen Leiva, Raúl Ortiz, Rafael Contreras-Cáceres, Gloria Perazzoli, Iryna Mayevych, Juan Manuel López-Romero, Francisco Sarabia, Jose Manuel Baeyens, Consolación Melguizo, Jose Prados
Paclitaxel (PTX) is one of the drugs of choice in the treatment of breast and lung cancer. However, its severe side effects, including mielosuppression, cardiotoxicity and neurotoxicity, frequently cause treatment to be discontinued. Solid lipid nanoparticles (NPs) of glyceril tripalmitate (tripalmitin) loaded with PTX (Tripalm-NPs-PTX) including modifications by the addition of hexa(ethylene glycol), β-cyclodextrin and macelignan were developed. All NPs-PTX formulations displayed excellent hemocompatibility and significantly enhanced PTX antitumor activity in human breast (MCF7, MDAMB231, SKBR3 and T47D) and lung (A549, NCI-H520 and NCI-H460) cancer cells...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044022/-villaret-syndrome-and-lung-adenocarcinoma-an-unusual-association
#7
Juan José Canciani, Juliana A Ospina, Paula Acosta, Javier López, Agustín Dal Verme, Christian Peralta
Villaret syndrome is defined by the affection of the glossopharyngeal (IX), vagal (X), accessory (XI) and hypoglossal (XII) cranial nerves associated with ipsilateral Horner syndrome. It is caused by the compression of these nerves and the neighboring sympathetic plexus fibers at the base of the skull, particularly in the retroparotid space. Even though the invasion of the central nervous system in patients with advanced lung cancer is a frequent and well known occurrence, this particular symptomatic association is extremely rare...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044003/expression-and-significance-of-ddx43-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#8
Ning Ma, Hua-En Xu, Zhifen Luo, Jianwei Zhou, Yun Zhou, Mingyue Liu
This paper aims to determine the expression and clinical significance of DDX43 in lung adenocarcinoma. Expression of DDX43 gene and protein of lung adenocarcinoma tissue and para-carcinoma tissues was observed in 27 cases by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. These patients were diagnosed as lung adenocarcinoma in the Huaihe Hospital of Henan University from February 2015 to December 2015. The relative ratio of DDX43 mRNA expression in lung adenocarcinoma and para-carcinoma tissues was 0.87±0.62 versus 0.21±0...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043926/efficient-induction-of-apoptosis-in-cancer-cells-by-paclitaxel-loaded-selenium-nanoparticles
#9
Anil Parsram Bidkar, Pallab Sanpui, Siddhartha Sankar Ghosh
AIM: To develop selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs)-based delivery systems for paclitaxel (PTX) and assess their antiproliferative efficacy against cancer cells in vitro with potential mechanistic insight. METHODS: Pluronic F-127 stabilized SeNPs were prepared and characterized. Effects of PTX-loaded SeNPs on lung (A549), breast (MCF7), cervical (HeLa) and colon (HT29) cancer cells were studied by viability assay complemented with flow-cytometric analyses of cell cycle, apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential, intracellular reactive oxygen species and caspase activity...
October 18, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042934/intermittent-hypoxia-simulating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-causes-pulmonary-inflammation-and-activates-the-nrf2-ho-1-pathway
#10
Yeying Wang, Yanling Chai, Xiaojie He, Li Ai, Xia Sun, Yiling Huang, Yongxia Li
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disorder with high morbidity in adults. OSA damages multiple organs and tissues, including the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems, the metabolism system, the lungs, liver and heart. OSA-induced damage is earliest and greatest to the pulmonary tissue. The present study established a rat OSA model of differing severity by inducing intermittent hypoxia with different concentrations of O2 and it was determined that OSA caused a severe oxidative stress response and pulmonary inflammation in a dose-dependent manner...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042776/effective-use-of-nanocarriers-as-drug-delivery-systems-for-the-treatment-of-selected-tumors
#11
REVIEW
Fakhar Ud Din, Waqar Aman, Izhar Ullah, Omer Salman Qureshi, Omer Mustapha, Shumaila Shafique, Alam Zeb
Nanotechnology has recently gained increased attention for its capability to effectively diagnose and treat various tumors. Nanocarriers have been used to circumvent the problems associated with conventional antitumor drug delivery systems, including their nonspecificity, severe side effects, burst release and damaging the normal cells. Nanocarriers improve the bioavailability and therapeutic efficiency of antitumor drugs, while providing preferential accumulation at the target site. A number of nanocarriers have been developed; however, only a few of them are clinically approved for the delivery of antitumor drugs for their intended actions at the targeted sites...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042765/risk-of-cancer-after-lung-transplantation-for-copd
#12
Magnus Ekström, Gerdt C Riise, Hanan A Tanash
BACKGROUND: The risk of cancer is increased and affects survival after lung transplantation (LTx), but has not been well characterized in COPD. We aimed to evaluate the incidence and prognosis of cancer following LTx for COPD. METHODS: A prospective, population-based study of patients undergoing LTx for end-stage COPD at the two transplantation centers in Sweden between 1990-2013, with follow-up for incident cancer and death, using national registers. The excess risk of cancer was calculated as standardized incidence ratios compared with the general population matched for age, sex, and calendar year...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042600/dynamic-and-modularized-microrna-regulation-and-its-implication-in-human-cancers
#13
Jiang Shu, Bruno Vieira Resende E Silva, Tian Gao, Zheng Xu, Juan Cui
MicroRNA is responsible for the fine-tuning of fundamental cellular activities and human disease development. The altered availability of microRNAs, target mRNAs, and other types of endogenous RNAs competing for microRNA interactions reflects the dynamic and conditional property of microRNA-mediated gene regulation that remains under-investigated. Here we propose a new integrative method to study this dynamic process by considering both competing and cooperative mechanisms and identifying functional modules where different microRNAs co-regulate the same functional process...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042479/retraction-eya1-controls-cell-polarity-spindle-orientation-cell-fate-and-notch-signaling-in-distal-embryonic-lung-epithelium-development-doi-10-1242-dev-058479
#14
Ahmed Hk El-Hashash, Gianluca Turcatel, Denise Al Alam, Sue Buckley, Hiroshi Tokumitsu, Saverio Bellusci, David Warburton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042417/restoration-of-natural-killer-cell-anti-metastatic-activity-by-il-12-and-checkpoint-blockade
#15
Isabel Ohs, Laura Ducimetiere, Joana Marinho, Paulina Kulig, Burkhard Becher, Sonia Tugues
Immune checkpoint therapies target tumor antigen-specific T cells, but less is known about their effects on natural killer (NK) cells, which help control metastasis. In studying the development of lung metastases, we found that NK cells lose their cytotoxic capacity and acquire a molecular signature defined by the expression of co-inhibitory receptors. In an effort to overcome this suppressive mechanism, we evaluated NK cell responses to the immunostimulatory cytokine IL-12. Exposure to IL-12 rescued the cytotoxicity of NK cells but also led to the emergence of an immature NK cell population which expressed high levels of the co-inhibitory molecules PD-1, Lag-3 and TIGIT, thereby limiting NK cell-mediated control of pulmonary metastases...
October 17, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040965/distribution-of-cancer-mortality-rates-by-province-in-south-africa
#16
Felix Made, Kerry Wilson, Ruxana Jina, Nonhlanhla Tlotleng, Samantha Jack, Vusi Ntlebi, Tahira Kootbodien
INTRODUCTION: Cancer mortality rates are expected to increase in developing countries. Cancer mortality rates by province remain largely unreported in South Africa. This study described the 2014 age standardised cancer mortality rates by province in South Africa, to provide insight for strategic interventions and advocacy. METHODS: 2014 deaths data were retrieved from Statistics South Africa. Deaths from cancer were extracted using 10th International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes for cancer (C00-C97)...
October 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040264/comparison-of-pulmonary-vascular-permeability-index-pvpi-and-global-ejection-fraction-gef-derived-from-jugular-and-femoral-indicator-injection-using-the-picco-2-device-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Wolfgang Huber, Andrea Gruber, Maximilian Eckmann, Felicia Elkmann, Ines Klein, Tobias Lahmer, Ulrich Mayr, Raphael Schellnegger, Jochen Schneider, Gonzalo Batres-Baires, Lisa Fekecs, Analena Beitz, Helena Berbara, Roland Schmid, Alexander Herner
BACKGROUND: Transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) is used to derive cardiac output CO, global end-diastolic volume GEDV and extravascular lung water EVLW. To facilitate interpretation of these data, several ratios have been developed, including pulmonary vascular permeability index (defined as EVLW/(0.25*GEDV)) and global ejection fraction ((4*stroke volume)/GEDV). PVPI and GEF have been associated to the aetiology of pulmonary oedema and systolic cardiac function, respectively. Several studies demonstrated that the use of femoral venous access results in a marked overestimation of GEDV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040210/anticholinergics-for-asthma-a-long-history
#18
Gustavo J Rodrigo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a fast overview about the introduction and development of anticholinergic drugs in Western medicine to their current indications particularly in asthma. RECENT FINDINGS: Although short-acting muscarinic antagonists have been positioned in the last 15 years for the treatment of adults and children with moderate-to-severe acute asthma in the emergency setting (reducing the risk of hospital admissions and improving lung function), a growing body of evidence has recently emerged that positions the long-acting muscarinic anticholinergic tiotropium bromide as add-on therapy to at least inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) maintenance therapy in adults, adolescents, and children with symptomatic asthma...
October 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040209/inherited-and-acquired-clinical-phenotypes-associated-with-neuroendocrine-tumors
#19
Rory E Nicholaides, M Teresa de la Morena
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Overview of neuroendocrine neoplasms in the context of their associations with primary and secondary immunodeficiency states. RECENT FINDINGS: Malignancies of neuroendocrine origin are well known to be associated with hereditary syndromes, including multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, neurofibromatosis type 1, and tuberous sclerosis. This review includes the X-linked form of hyper-IgM syndrome (XHIGM), due to mutations in the CD40Ligand gene (CD40LG), as an additional inherited disorder with susceptibility to such malignancies, and discusses neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) arising in other immunocompromised states...
October 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039883/volume-targeted-versus-pressure-limited-ventilation-in-neonates
#20
REVIEW
Claus Klingenberg, Kevin I Wheeler, Naomi McCallion, Colin J Morley, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Damage caused by lung overdistension (volutrauma) has been implicated in the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Modern neonatal ventilation modes can target a set tidal volume as an alternative to traditional pressure-limited ventilation (PLV) using a fixed inflation pressure. Volume-targeted ventilation (VTV) aims to produce a more stable tidal volume in order to reduce lung damage and stabilise the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether VTV compared with PLV leads to reduced rates of death and death or BPD in newborn infants and to determine whether use of VTV affected outcomes including air leak, cranial ultrasound findings and neurodevelopment...
October 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
64735
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"