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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905991/ethnic-differences-in-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hypertension-in-the-suriname-health-study-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#1
Ingrid S K Krishnadath, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Lenny M Nahar-van Venrooij, Jerry R Toelsie
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, and risk factors of hypertension within developing countries. We used data from a nationwide study on non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors to estimate, explore, and compare the prevalence of hypertension overall and in subgroups of risk factors among different ethnic groups in Suriname. METHOD: The Suriname Health Study used the World Health Organization Steps design to select respondents with a stratified multistage cluster sample of households...
September 17, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905952/mental-health-and-urban-living-in-sub-saharan-africa-major-depressive-episodes-among-the-urban-poor-in-ouagadougou-burkina-faso
#2
Géraldine Duthé, Clémentine Rossier, Doris Bonnet, Abdramane Bassiahi Soura, Jamaica Corker
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan African cities, the epidemiological transition has shifted a greater proportion of the burden of non-communicable diseases, including mental and behavioral disorder, to the adult population. The burden of major depressive disorder and its social risk factors in the urban sub-Saharan African population are not well understood and estimates vary widely. We conducted a study in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, in order to estimate the prevalence of major depressive episodes among adults in this urban setting...
May 5, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905949/burden-of-cumulative-risk-factors-associated-with-non-communicable-diseases-among-adults-in-uganda-evidence-from-a-national-baseline-survey
#3
Ronald Wesonga, David Guwatudde, Silver K Bahendeka, Gerald Mutungi, Fabian Nabugoomu, James Muwonge
BACKGROUND: Modification of known risk factors has been the most tested strategy for dealing with non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The cumulative number of NCD risk factors exhibited by an individual depicts a disease burden. However, understanding the risk factors associated with increased NCD burden has been constrained by scarcity of nationally representative data, especially in the developing countries and not well explored in the developed countries as well. METHODS: Assessment of key risk factors for NCDs using population data drawn from 3987 participants in a nationally representative baseline survey in Uganda was made...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899433/can-we-help-care-providers-communicate-more-effectively-with-persons-having-dementia-living-in-long-term-care-homes
#4
Katherine S McGilton, Elizabeth Rochon, Souraya Sidani, Alexander Shaw, Boaz M Ben-David, Marianne Saragosa, Veronique M Boscart, Rozanne Wilson, Karmit K Galimidi-Epstein, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
BACKGROUND: Effective communication between residents with dementia and care providers in long-term care homes (LTCHs) is essential to resident-centered care. PURPOSE: To determine the effects of a communication intervention on residents' quality of life (QOL) and care, as well as care providers' perceived knowledge, mood, and burden. METHOD: The intervention included (1) individualized communication plans, (2) a dementia care workshop, and (3) a care provider support system...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898281/goals-of-care-or-goals-of-trust-how-family-members-perceive-goals-for-dying-nursing-home-residents
#5
Cherie Rosemond, Laura C Hanson, Sheryl Zimmerman
PURPOSE OF STUDY: Dementia affects more than 5 million Americans, and is a leading cause of death. Family members of nursing home (NH) residents with advanced dementia report difficulty making decisions about care toward the end of life. As part of a randomized trial testing an intervention to improve decision making, this qualitative study aimed to understand how family decision makers experienced goal-based decision making in advance of the death of their relative. DESIGN AND METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted as part of the goals of care clinical trial...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897609/a-video-based-intervention-on-and-evaluation-of-nursing-aides-therapeutic-communication-and-residents-agitation-during-mealtime-in-a-dementia-care-unit
#6
Lené Levy-Storms, Lesley M Harris, Xiao Chen
The researchers conducted a communication training intervention for certified nursing assistants (CNAs). The intervention aimed at improving CNAs' therapeutic techniques for relating to agitated residents during care. This study focused on an in-depth evaluation of mealtime interactions using videos. Sixteen CNAs and 16 residents living with dementia from one long-term care facility were videotaped during mealtime interactions before and after a therapeutic communication training program. Mixed-effect Poisson regression revealed no effect of the intervention as a whole on residents' refusals, but the intervention did improve CNAs' communication...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896691/a-pilot-study-of-the-chronology-of-present-illness-restructuring-the-hpi-to-improve-physician-cognition-and-communication
#7
Laura M Mazer, Tina Storage, Sylvia Bereknyei, Jeffrey Chi, Kelley Skeff
BACKGROUND: Patient history-taking is an essential clinical skill, with effects on diagnostic reasoning, patient-physician relationships, and more. We evaluated the impact of using a structured, timeline-based format, the Chronology of Present Illness (CPI), to guide the initial patient interaction. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and impact of the CPI on the patient interview, written notes, and communication with other providers. DESIGN: Internal medicine residents used the CPI during a 2-week night-float rotation...
November 28, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896265/social-mechanisms-to-get-people-outdoors-bimodal-distribution-of-interest-in-nature
#8
Ralf Christopher Buckley, Diane Westaway, Paula Brough
We report results from a post-program survey (n = 930) of participants in a non-profit outdoor health program targeted principally at women with families in Australia's metropolitan cities. We analyze communications, motivations, experiences, satisfaction, and intentions. The program involves 3 months' outdoor training in scenic locations, culminating in a single-day event. Training includes social opportunities and peer-group support. Event entry is in teams and includes charitable fundraising and personal challenges...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894278/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-impaired-fasting-glucose-level-among-members-of-federal-police-commission-residing-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#9
Tariku Tesfaye, Bilal Shikur, Tariku Shimels, Naod Firdu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and factors associated with it, nowadays, are increasing in alarming rates among different occupational groups. Of these occupational groups are Police officers that, often, are exposed to unique life styles and stressful situations which may lead to diabetes mellitus and other cardiovascular diseases. Due to this reason, the present study was conducted to assess the prevalence and factors associated with diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose level among members of federal police commission residing in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 28, 2016: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893952/acceptability-and-impact-of-a-required-palliative-care-rotation-with-prerotation-and-postrotation-observed-simulated-clinical-experience-during-internal-medicine-residency-training-on-primary-palliative-communication-skills
#10
Maxwell T Vergo, Sharona Sachs, Meredith A MacMartin, Kathryn B Kirkland, Amelia M Cullinan, Lisa A Stephens
BACKGROUND: Improving communication training for primary palliative care using a required palliative care rotation for internal medicine (IM) residents has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To assess skills acquisition and acceptability for IM residents not selecting an elective. DESIGN: A consecutive, single-arm cohort underwent preobjective structured clinical examination (OSCE) with learner-centric feedback, two weeks of clinical experience, and finally a post-OSCE to crystallize learner-centric take home points...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893914/teamstepps-in-long-term-care-an-academic-partnership-part-ii
#11
Tammy C Roman, Kylene Abraham, Kathleen Dever
In 2015, the Academy for Leadership in Long-Term Care received a grant to provide interprofessional training on the strategies and techniques of TeamSTEPPS(®). The results indicated significant changes in the participants' teamwork and communication strategies to improve resident safety. In part two of this article, the discussion includes the implementation, evaluation results, and implications from this worthy initiative. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(12):534-535.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893884/effect-of-the-goals-of-care-intervention-for-advanced-dementia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Laura C Hanson, Sheryl Zimmerman, Mi-Kyung Song, Feng-Chang Lin, Cherie Rosemond, Timothy S Carey, Susan L Mitchell
Importance: In advanced dementia, goals of care decisions are challenging and medical care is often more intensive than desired. Objective: To test a goals of care (GOC) decision aid intervention to improve quality of communication and palliative care for nursing home residents with advanced dementia. Design, Setting, and Participants: A single-blind cluster randomized clinical trial, including 302 residents with advanced dementia and their family decision makers in 22 nursing homes...
November 28, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892913/developing-a-successful-master-of-health-administration-student-mentor-mentee-program
#13
Aliya Shaikh, Layla AlTurabi, Daniel J West
A student mentoring program can impact the overall experience in an academic program and establish a strong connection between students. It creates a platform for students to ask specific questions, learn more about the curriculum and professional opportunities, and compare tips on how to approach businesses for career-building positions. Topics such as conducting a residency search, finding an external mentor, and navigating through academic projects are often stressful components of the master of health administration (MHA) curriculum...
January 2016: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891500/interspecies-communication-between-pathogens-and-immune-cells-via-bacterial-membrane-vesicles
#14
Katerina S Jurkoshek, Ying Wang, Jaffre J Athman, Marian R Barton, Pamela A Wearsch
The production of extracellular vesicles is a universal mechanism for intercellular communication that is conserved across kingdoms. Prokaryotes secrete 50-250 nm membrane vesicles (MVs) in a manner that is regulated by environmental stress and is thought to promote survival. Since many types of host-derived stress are encountered during infection, this implies an important role for MV secretion in bacterial pathogenesis. Accordingly, MVs produced by gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens contain toxins, virulence factors, and other molecules that promote survival in the host...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890364/epidemiological-status-of-malaria-in-iran-2011-2014
#15
Faezeh Norouzinejad, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Ahmad Raeisi, Abbas Norouzinejad
OBJECTIVES: To aim to determine the status and epidemiological aspects of malaria in Iran in favour of gaining a better understanding of the national control of malaria. METHODS: This epidemiological study examined the status of malaria from 2011 to 2014 in Iran. Data were collected from the Ministry of Health's protocol for controlling and eliminating malaria, which is currently in use. This malaria information reporting system is automated in all Iranian provinces and cities, and all information is submitted online to the center for communicable disease control in the Ministry of Health...
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889081/complaints-in-long-term-care-facilities-for-older-persons-why-residents-do-not-give-free-advice
#16
Manja Bomhoff, Roland Friele
In health care policies, the right to complain is presented as a key patient right. Complaints are also seen as a potential vehicle for quality improvement. However, in long-term care facilities for older persons in the Netherlands, relatively few complaints are registered. An explorative qualitative study was performed at three long-term care facilities to examine the ways in which different relevant actors define and relate to complaints. We conducted observations and semi-structured interviews with 76 persons: residents, their family members, nurses, volunteers, middle (facility) and upper (institutional) managers and complaint handling personnel...
November 14, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888177/study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-ncd-access-to-medicines-initiative-evaluation-of-novartis-access-in-kenya
#17
Peter C Rockers, Veronika J Wirtz, Taryn Vian, Monica A Onyango, Paul G Ashigbie, Richard Laing
INTRODUCTION: Novartis recently launched Novartis Access, an initiative to provide a basket of reduced price medicines for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) to be sold through the public and private non-profit sectors in programme countries. This study will evaluate the impact of Novartis Access on the availability and price of NCD medicines at health facilities and households in Kenya, the first country to receive the programme. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study will be a cluster-randomised controlled trial...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886974/evaluating-coding-accuracy-in-general-surgery-residents-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-procedural-case-logs
#18
REVIEW
Fadi Balla, Tabitha Garwe, Prasenjeet Motghare, Tessa Stamile, Jennifer Kim, Heidi Mahnken, Jason Lees
INTRODUCTION: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) case log captures resident operative experience based on Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes and is used to track operative experience during residency. With increasing emphasis on resident operative experiences, coding is more important than ever. It has been shown in other surgical specialties at similar institutions that the residents' ACGME case log may not accurately reflect their operative experience...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886968/defining-communication-improvement-needs-in-general-surgery-an-analysis-of-pages-communications-patterns-and-content%C3%A2
#19
Julie Hallet, David Wallace, Abraham El-Sedfy, Najma Ahmed, Andrew J Smith, Avery B Nathens, Lesley Gotlib Conn, Natalie G Coburn
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns of pages communication to general surgery (GS) residents, identify the need for and develop strategies to improve interprofessional communication. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: General surgery (GS) service at a tertiary care academic institution, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All pages sent to GS residents over 4 weeks at an academic institution...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885832/defining-pediatric-inpatient-cardiology-care-delivery-models-a-survey-of-pediatric-cardiology-programs-in-the-usa-and-canada
#20
Antonio R Mott, Steven R Neish, Melissa Challman, Timothy F Feltes
BACKGROUND: The treatment of children with cardiac disease is one of the most prevalent and costly pediatric inpatient conditions. The design of inpatient medical services for children admitted to and discharged from noncritical cardiology care units, however, is undefined. North American Pediatric Cardiology Programs were surveyed to define noncritical cardiac care unit models in current practice. METHOD: An online survey that explored institutional and functional domains for noncritical cardiac care unit was crafted...
November 25, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
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