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neuropathy thiamine

Emine Cinici, Nihal Cetin, Bahadir Suleyman, Durdu Altuner, Oguzhan Yarali, Hilal Balta, Ilknur Calik, Levent Tumkaya, Halis Suleyman
AIM: To compare the effects of thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) and thiamine (TM) in oxidative optic neuropathy in rats induced by ethambutol. METHODS: The animals were divided into four groups: a control group (CG), an ethambutol control (ETC) group, TM plus ethambutol group (TMG), and TPP plus ethambutol group (TPPG). One hour after intraperitoneal administration of TM 20 mg/kg to the TMG group and TPP 20 mg/kg to TPPG group, 30 mg/kg ethambutol was given via gavage to all the groups but the CG...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
V V Ashraf, J Prijesh, R Praveenkumar, K Saifudheen
Hyperemesis gravidarum-induced Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is an underestimated condition. The purpose of this study is to improve its awareness and early diagnosis. We report five cases of WE secondary to hyperemesis gravidarum. Classic triad of encephalopathy, ataxia, and ocular signs was seen in four out of five patients. Two unusual features noted in this series were papilledema in one patient and severe sensory-motor peripheral neuropathy in one patient. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was abnormal in all the five patients, and high signal in medial thalamus and surrounding the aqueduct was the most common abnormality (5/5)...
October 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Lin Liu, Song-He Ma, Ling-Jie Xia
OBJECTIVE: The thiamin is often used in the treatment of neuropathy, and pregabalin is often used to treat neuropathic pain. Our study examined the influence of thiamin on the efficacy of pregabalin in a rat model of spinal nerve ligation (SNL)-induced neuropathic pain. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly divided into six groups. The neuropathic pain-relieving properties were measured by plantar test, cold plate test, and hot plate test after administration of pregabalin (i...
August 2016: Neurological Research
Marcus Kühn, Kety Sammartin, Mitja Nabergoj, Fabrizio Vianello
Peripheral neuropathy is a common complication of arsenic toxicity. Symptoms are usually mild and reversible following discontinuation of treatment. A more severe chronic sensorimotor polyneuropathy characterized by distal axonal-loss neuropathy can be seen in chronic arsenic exposure. The clinical course of arsenic neurotoxicity in patients with coexistence of thiamine deficiency is only anecdotally known but this association may potentially lead to severe consequences. We describe a case of acute irreversible axonal neuropathy in a patient with hidden thiamine deficiency who was treated with a short course of arsenic trioxide for acute promyelocytic leukemia...
2016: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Stéphane F Maison, Yanbo Yin, Leslie D Liberman, M Charles Liberman
Neonatal thiamine deficiency can cause auditory neuropathy in humans. To probe the underlying cochlear pathology, mice were maintained on a thiamine-free or low-thiamine diet during fetal development or early postnatal life. At postnatal ages from 18 days to 22 wks, cochlear function was tested and cochlear histopathology analyzed by plastic sections and cochlear epithelial whole-mounts immunostained for neuronal and synaptic markers. Although none of the thiamine-deprivation protocols resulted in any loss of hair cells or any obvious abnormalities in the non-sensory structures of the cochlear duct, all the experimental groups showed significant anomalies in the afferent or efferent innervation...
May 2016: Hearing Research
Alberto Mimenza Alvarado, Sara Aguilar Navarro
INTRODUCTION: Painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is a prevalent and impairing disorder. The objective of this study was to show the efficacy and safety of gabapentin (GBP) plus complex B vitamins: thiamine (B1) and cyanocobalamine (B12) compared to pregabalin in patients with moderate to severe intensity PDN. METHOD: Multicenter, randomized, blind study. Two hundred and seventy patients were evaluated, 147 with GBP/B1/B12 and 123 with PGB, with a 7/10 pain intensity on the Visual Analog Scale (VAS)...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Heather E Moss
BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of obesity increases, so, too, do the prevalences of weight-related diseases and surgical procedures to promote weight loss. It is important for neuro-ophthalmologists to be familiar with these procedures and possible downstream effects on afferent and efferent visual function. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Review of ophthalmology, neurology, general surgery, obesity, endocrinology, nutrition, psychiatry, and neurosurgery literature. RESULTS: Bariatric surgery is a safe and effective treatment for weight loss in obese individuals...
March 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Debopam Samanta
In recent times, pediatric obesity has become widely prevalent. If first-line treatment with lifestyle modification fails, bariatric surgery may be indicated for severely obese patients. Many patients now travel abroad to get these surgeries done. Some of these patients receive inadequate postoperative care. We described a morbidly obese 17-year-old girl who had a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy procedure for weight loss. Due to severe nausea, she stopped her multivitamin supplementation. Within a few weeks, she developed symptoms of dry beriberi was soon followed by classic symptoms of Wernicke's encephalopathy...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Antonio Macrì, Francesco Fleres, Antonio Ieni, Maurizio Rossitto, Tommaso Mandolfino, Salvatore Micalizzi, Francesco Iaropoli, Carmelo Mazzeo, Massimo Trovato, Eugenio Cucinotta, Edoardo Saladino
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal carcinomatosis of gastric origin is a frequent event with poor survival. A new promising approach is the association of the Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS) with the Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC), which yet is characterized by high morbidity and mortality. We report, to our knowledge, the first case of Wernicke Encephalopathy (WE) complicating CRS plus HIPEC. WE, caused by a deficiency of thiamine, is characterized by ataxia, ocular motor cranial neuropathies and changes in consciousness...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Zhen Zhu, Gyula Varadi, Stephen G Carter
AIMS: Accumulation of advanced glycation endpoints is a trigger to the development of diabetic peripheral neuropathy, which is a common complication of diabetes. Oral administration of benfotiamine (BFT) has shown some preclinical and clinical promise as a treatment for diabetic peripheral neuropathy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the method of transdermal delivery of BFT as a possible, viable route of administration for the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: A single application of 10 mg of BFT was given to guinea pigs topically...
April 2016: Acta Diabetologica
Naomi Sugimori, J Luis Espinoza, Ly Quoc Trung, Akiyoshi Takami, Yukio Kondo, Dao Thi An, Motoko Sasaki, Tomohiko Wakayama, Shinji Nakao
Benfotiamine is a synthetic thiamine analogue that stimulates transketolase, a cellular enzyme essential for glucose metabolism. Currently, benfotiamine is used to treat diabetic neuropathy. We recently reported that oral benfotiamine induced a temporary but remarkable recovery from acute myeloid leukemia in an elderly patient who was ineligible for standard chemotherapy due to dementia and renal failure. In the present study we present evidences that benfotiamine possess antitumor activity against leukemia cells...
2015: PloS One
Paul I Sia, David I T Sia, John L Crompton, Robert J Casson
Thiamine deficiency classically manifests as the triad of Wernicke encephalopathy: acute confusional state, ataxic gait, and ocular motor dysfunction. However, most patients do no present with this classic triad. Optic neuropathy in thiamine deficiency is a rare manifestation and is usually associated with fundus appearances of optic disc swelling or optic disc pallor. We present 2 unique cases of thiamine deficiency where the fundus demonstrated peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickening without florid disc swelling or pallor...
September 2015: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Iva Bozic, Danijela Savic, Danijela Laketa, Ivana Bjelobaba, Ivan Milenkovic, Sanja Pekovic, Nadezda Nedeljkovic, Irena Lavrnja
Microglial cells are resident immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS), recognized as key elements in the regulation of neural homeostasis and the response to injury and repair. As excessive activation of microglia may lead to neurodegeneration, therapeutic strategies targeting its inhibition were shown to improve treatment of most neurodegenerative diseases. Benfotiamine is a synthetic vitamin B1 (thiamine) derivate exerting potentially anti-inflammatory effects. Despite the encouraging results regarding benfotiamine potential to alleviate diabetic microangiopathy, neuropathy and other oxidative stress-induced pathological conditions, its activities and cellular mechanisms during microglial activation have yet to be elucidated...
2015: PloS One
Haruki Koike, Mie Takahashi, Ken Ohyama, Rina Hashimoto, Yuichi Kawagashira, Masahiro Iijima, Masahisa Katsuno, Hiroshi Doi, Fumiaki Tanaka, Gen Sobue
OBJECTIVE: The clinical significance and characteristics of neuropathy caused by folate deficiency remain to be established. METHODS: We examined the clinicopathologic features of 18 consecutive patients with neuropathy caused by folate deficiency who presented with low serum folate levels but normal blood thiamine and serum cobalamin levels in the absence of chronic alcoholism. RESULTS: Symptoms were relatively uniform, characterized by slowly progressive polyneuropathy with predominant involvement of the lower extremities, with a tendency to manifest as sensory rather than motor neuropathy and predominant deep rather than superficial sensory loss...
March 10, 2015: Neurology
Laura L Frank
Thiamin is a water-soluble vitamin also known as vitamin B1. Its biologically active form, thiamin pyrophosphate (TPP), is a cofactor in macronutrient metabolism. In addition to its coenzyme roles, TPP plays a role in nerve structure and function as well as brain metabolism. Signs and symptoms of thiamin deficiency (TD) include lactic acidosis, peripheral neuropathy, ataxia, and ocular changes (eg, nystagmus). More advanced symptoms include confabulation and memory loss and/or psychosis, resulting in Wernicke's encephalopathy and/or Wernicke's Korsakoff syndrome, respectively...
July 2015: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Hema L Ramkumar, Peter J Savino
A 60-year-old woman with a history of chronic alcoholism and tobacco use presented with the complaint of a painless decrease in vision in both eyes. She lost vision first in the left eye then in the right eye. She admitted consuming at least one 16 ounce bottle of over the counter mouthwash daily and denied consumption of any other alcohols, methanol, or antifreeze. She stated that her vision had been continuing to deteriorate in both eyes. Her best-corrected visual acuity was 4/200 in each eye. Color vision was nil in each eye...
October 2014: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Aviva Mimouni-Bloch, Hadassa Goldberg-Stern, Rachel Strausberg, Amichai Brezner, Eli Heyman, Dov Inbar, Sara Kivity, Alex Zvulunov, Ignacio Sztarkier, Rami Fogelman, Aviva Fattal-Valevski
BACKGROUND: In 2003, several hundred Israeli infants risked thiamine deficiency after being fed a soy-based formula deficient in thiamine. Approximately 20 patients were seriously affected, and three of them died. We report the clinical presentation of acute encephalopathy in 11 children and the long-term sequelae of eight children who initially survived. PATIENTS: In the acute phase, six had bulbar signs, five had ophthalmologic signs and two had phrenic neuropathy...
September 2014: Pediatric Neurology
Anne Landais
Obesity is reaching pandemic proportions, and the number of bariatric surgeries is increasing. Neurological complications of bariatric procedures are more and more frequently reported and physicians need to recognize and be able to manage them. Neurological complications may result from mechanical or inflammatory mechanisms, but mainly from nutritional deficiencies. Vitamin B12, folate, thiamine, vitamin D, and vitamin E are the most frequent deficiencies. Different patterns of complications can be observed that may differ from time to presentation...
October 2014: Obesity Surgery
Michelle L Mellion, Elizabeth Silbermann, James M Gilchrist, Jason T Machan, Lorenzo Leggio, Suzanne de la Monte
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related peripheral neuropathy (ALN) is generally characterized as an axonal large-fiber polyneuropathy caused by thiamine deficiency. We hypothesized, based on clinical observations, that ALN is associated with a small-fiber polyneuropathy that can be diagnosed with skin biopsy in heavy alcohol drinking subjects with normal thiamine status. METHODS: Eighteen individuals (9 heavy alcohol drinking subjects and 9 healthy control subjects) were assessed for the potential utility of skin biopsies in detecting ALN-associated small nerve fiber degeneration...
July 2014: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
William Renthal, Isaac Marin-Valencia, Patricia A Evans
INTRODUCTION: We present a developmentally appropriate adolescent boy who presented with upper and lower extremity glove-and-stocking paresthesias, distal weakness, vertigo, high-pitched voice, inattention, ataxia, and binocular diplopia after a voluntary 59-kg weight loss over 5 months. CLINICAL INVESTIGATIONS: Extensive investigations revealed serum thiamine levels <2 nmol/L. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed symmetric abnormal T2 prolongation of the mammillary bodies...
July 2014: Pediatric Neurology
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