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G1/S transition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212547/resveratrol-induces-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-with-docetaxel-in-prostate-cancer-cells-via-a-p53-p21waf1-cip1-and-p27kip1-pathway
#1
Santosh Kumar Singh, Saswati Banerjee, Edward P Acosta, James W Lillard, Rajesh Singh
Resveratrol (RES) is the most effective natural products used for the treatment of a variety of cancers. In this study, we tested the effect of RES in enhancing the efficacy of docetaxel (DTX) treatment in prostate cancer (PCa) cells. The C4-2B and DU-145 cell lines were treated with RES, DTX and combination followed by evaluating the apoptosis and cell cycle progression. The combined drug treatment up-regulates the pro-apoptotic genes (BAX, BID, and BAK), cleaved PARP and down regulates the anti-apoptotic genes (MCL-1, BCL-2, BCL-XL) promoting apoptosis...
February 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203301/progress-with-palbociclib-in-breast-cancer-latest-evidence-and-clinical-considerations
#2
REVIEW
Andrea Rocca, Alessio Schirone, Roberta Maltoni, Sara Bravaccini, Lorenzo Cecconetto, Alberto Farolfi, Giuseppe Bronte, Daniele Andreis
Deregulation of the cell cycle is a hallmark of cancer, and research on cell cycle control has allowed identification of potential targets for anticancer treatment. Palbociclib is a selective inhibitor of the cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6), which are involved, with their coregulatory partners cyclin D, in the G1-S transition. Inhibition of this step halts cell cycle progression in cells in which the involved pathway, including the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) and the E2F family of transcription factors, is functioning, although having been deregulated...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198152/discovery-of-cdc25a-lead-inhibitors-with-novel-chemotype-by-virtual-screening-application-of-pharmacophore-modeling-based-on-training-set-with-unique-limited-components
#3
Yushu Ge, Qianqian Han, Wenxiu Duan, Jiaqi Zhang, Kai Chen, Jiajia Wan, Yi Liu, Dan Liu
Cdc25 phosphatase has been studied as an attractive target for cancer therapy. Multiple pharmacophore models with unique core features of classic quinone inhibitors and novel inhibitors were used to discover novel lead inhibitor. 21 compounds with qualified physical properties were screened out from Maybridge hitfinderTM database containing 14400 compounds by pharmacophore models. 4 compounds inhibit the Cdc25A activity more than 50% at concentration of 100 μM. Among them, compound KM10389 (N-(2-((furan-2-ylmethyl)thio)ethyl)-2-((4-hydroxy-6-propylpyrimidin-2-yl)thio)acetamide) shows high enzyme inhibition activity with IC₅₀ of 7...
February 14, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195144/concomitant-underexpression-of-tgfbr2-and-overexpression-of-htert-are-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-cervical-cancer
#4
Hui Yang, Hongyan Zhang, Yahua Zhong, Qiaoli Wang, Lei Yang, Hong Kang, Xiaojia Gao, Haijun Yu, Conghua Xie, Fuxiang Zhou, Yunfeng Zhou
The human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is highly expressed in a variety of tumors. The transforming growth factor beta receptor type II (TGFBR2) is a downstream protein of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) which suppresses telomerase activity. However, the relevance of survival to the expression of TGFBR2, hTERT or TGFBR2/hTERT has not been previously investigated in cervical cancer tissues. Our study showed that patients with low level of TGFBR2 were associated with poor prognosis (HR = 1...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192398/cyclind-cdk4-6-complexes-phosphorylate-cdc25a-and-regulate-its-stability
#5
C Dozier, L Mazzolini, C Cénac, C Froment, O Burlet-Schiltz, A Besson, S Manenti
The phosphatase CDC25A is a key regulator of cell cycle progression by dephosphorylating and activating cyclin-CDK complexes. CDC25A is an unstable protein expressed from G1 until mitosis. CDC25A overexpression, which can be caused by stabilization of the protein, accelerates the G1/S and G2/M transitions, leading to genomic instability and promoting tumorigenesis. Thus, controlling CDC25A protein levels by regulating its stability is a critical mechanism for timing cell cycle progression and to maintain genomic integrity...
February 13, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179914/cell-cycle-and-cell-size-dependent-gene-expression-reveals-distinct-subpopulations-at-single-cell-level
#6
Soheila Dolatabadi, Julián Candia, Nina Akrap, Christoffer Vannas, Tajana Tesan Tomic, Wolfgang Losert, Göran Landberg, Pierre Åman, Anders Ståhlberg
Cell proliferation includes a series of events that is tightly regulated by several checkpoints and layers of control mechanisms. Most studies have been performed on large cell populations, but detailed understanding of cell dynamics and heterogeneity requires single-cell analysis. Here, we used quantitative real-time PCR, profiling the expression of 93 genes in single-cells from three different cell lines. Individual unsynchronized cells from three different cell lines were collected in different cell cycle phases (G0/G1 - S - G2/M) with variable cell sizes...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174135/a-system-of-recurrent-neural-networks-for-modularising-parameterising-and-dynamic-analysis-of-cell-signalling-networks
#7
S Samarasinghe, H Ling
In this paper, we show how to extend our previously proposed novel continuous time Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN) approach that retains the advantage of continuous dynamics offered by Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE) while enabling parameter estimation through adaptation, to larger signalling networks using a modular approach. Specifically, the signalling network is decomposed into several sub-models based on important temporal events in the network. Each sub-model is represented by the proposed RNN and trained using data generated from the corresponding ODE model...
February 4, 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160566/mir-320a-functions-as-a-suppressor-for-gliomas-by-targeting-snd1-and-%C3%AE-catenin-and-predicts-the-prognosis-of-patients
#8
Huining Li, Lin Yu, Jing Liu, Xiuwu Bian, Cuijuan Shi, Cuiyun Sun, Xuexia Zhou, Yanjun Wen, Dan Hua, Shujun Zhao, Linlin Ren, Tongling An, Wenjun Luo, Qian Wang, Shizhu Yu
miR-320a downexpression contributes to tumorigenesis in several human cancers. However, the relevance of miR-320a to prognosis, proliferation and invasion in gliomas remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that miR-320a expression was decreased in human glioma tissues and cell lines. Moreover, miR-320a expression was inversely correlated with glioma grades and Ki-67 index, but positively correlated with patients' survival. Contrarily, SND1 and β-catenin expressions were positively correlated with glioma grades and Ki-67 index, but inversely correlated with miR-320a expression and patients' survival...
February 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157243/sequence-of-phase-transitions-in-nh4-3sif7
#9
S V Mel'nikova, M S Molokeev, N M Laptash, E I Pogoreltsev, S V Misyul, I N Flerov
Single crystals of silicon double salt (NH4)3SiF7 = (NH4)2SiF6·NH4F = (NH4)3[SiF6]F were grown and studied by the methods of polarization optics, X-ray diffraction and calorimetry. A sequence of symmetry transformations with the temperature change was established: P4/mbm (Z = 2) (G1) ↔ Pbam (Z = 4) (G2) ↔ P21/c (Z = 4) (G3) ↔ P1[combining macron] (Z = 4) (G4) ↔ P21/c (Z = 8) (G5). Crystal structures of different phases were determined. The experimental data were also interpreted by a group-theoretical analysis of the complete condensate of order parameters taking into account critical and noncritical atomic displacements...
February 3, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152065/microsporidia-infection-impacts-the-host-cell-s-cycle-and-reduces-host-cell-apoptosis
#10
Raquel Martín-Hernández, Mariano Higes, Soledad Sagastume, Ángeles Juarranz, Joyce Dias-Almeida, Giles E Budge, Aránzazu Meana, Neil Boonham
Intracellular parasites can alter the cellular machinery of host cells to create a safe haven for their survival. In this regard, microsporidia are obligate intracellular fungal parasites with extremely reduced genomes and hence, they are strongly dependent on their host for energy and resources. To date, there are few studies into host cell manipulation by microsporidia, most of which have focused on morphological aspects. The microsporidia Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae are worldwide parasites of honey bees, infecting their ventricular epithelial cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133632/cdc14-phosphatase-directs-centrosome-re-duplication-at-the-meiosis-i-to-meiosis-ii-transition-in-budding-yeast
#11
Colette Fox, Juan Zou, Juri Rappsilber, Adele L Marston
Background Gametes are generated through a specialized cell division called meiosis, in which ploidy is reduced by half because two consecutive rounds of chromosome segregation, meiosis I and meiosis II, occur without intervening DNA replication. This contrasts with the mitotic cell cycle where DNA replication and chromosome segregation alternate to maintain the same ploidy. At the end of mitosis, CDKs are inactivated. This low CDK state in late mitosis/G1 allows for critical preparatory events for DNA replication and centrosome/spindle pole body (SPB) duplication...
January 5, 2017: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130125/histone-methyltransferase-setd2-is-critical-for-the-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-myoblasts
#12
Xin Yi, Ye Tao, Xi Lin, Yuan Dai, Tingli Yang, Xiaojing Yue, Xuejun Jiang, Xiaoyan Li, Ding-Sheng Jiang, Kelsey C Andrade, Jiang Chang
Skeletal muscle cell proliferation and differentiation are tightly regulated. Epigenetic regulation is a major component of the regulatory mechanism governing these processes. Histone modification is part of the epigenetic code used for transcriptional regulation of chromatin through the establishment of an active or repressive state for genes involved in myogenesis in a temporal manner. Here, we uncovered the function of SET domain containing 2 (Setd2), an essential histone 3 lysine 36 trimethyltransferase, in regulating the proliferation and differentiation of myoblasts...
January 24, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127258/tnf-%C3%AE-sensitizes-chemotherapy-and-radiotherapy-against-breast-cancer-cells
#13
Xiao Wu, Meng-Yao Wu, Min Jiang, Qiaoming Zhi, Xiaojie Bian, Meng-Dan Xu, Fei-Ran Gong, Juan Hou, Min Tao, Liu-Mei Shou, Weiming Duan, Kai Chen, Meng Shen, Wei Li
PURPOSE: Despite new developments in cancer therapy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy remain the cornerstone of breast cancer treatment. Therefore, finding ways to reduce the toxicity and increase sensitivity is particularly important. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) exerts multiple functions in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. In the present study, we investigated whether TNF-α could enhance the effect of chemotherapy and radiotherapy against breast cancer cells...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126920/sustained-expression-of-mir-26a-promotes-chromosomal-instability-and-tumorigenesis-through-regulation-of-chfr
#14
Leandro Castellano, Aleksandra Dabrowska, Loredana Pellegrino, Silvia Ottaviani, Paul Cathcart, Adam E Frampton, Jonathan Krell, Justin Stebbing
MicroRNA 26a (miR-26a) reduces cell viability in several cancers, indicating that miR-26a could be used as a therapeutic option in patients. We demonstrate that miR-26a not only inhibits G1-S cell cycle transition and promotes apoptosis, as previously described, but also regulates multiple cell cycle checkpoints. We show that sustained miR-26a over-expression in both breast cancer (BC) cell lines and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) induces oversized cells containing either a single-large nucleus or two nuclei, indicating defects in mitosis and cytokinesis...
January 26, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122483/progesterone-induced-mir-152-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-endometrial-epithelial-cells-by-downregulating-wnt-1
#15
Li Nie, You-Bo Zhao, Jun-Li Pan, Yi Lei, Min Liu, Yun Long, Jin-Hu Zhang, Ying Hu, Ming-Qian Xu, Dong-Zhi Yuan, Li-Min Yue
Progesterone (P4) is an important ovarian hormone that inhibits estrogen-dependent proliferation of endometrial epithelial cells (EECs). miR-152 has been reported to be a cell cycle regulator. In this study, we first demonstrated that P4 induced the expression of miR-152 in ovariectomized mice and Ishikawa cell. miR-152 was detected in the human endometrial cell lines that were stably transfected with P4 receptor. Results showed that P4 induced its expression through its receptor B subtype. Then, using the specific miRNA mimic and inhibitor, we proved that miR-152 impeded G1/S transition in the cell cycle of EECs and inhibited cellular proliferation via downregulating WNT-1 in mice and human endometrial cancer cell lines (Ishikawa, HEC-1-b, and KLE)...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119125/galactosylated-polyaspartamide-copolymers-for-sirna-targeted-delivery-to-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#16
Gennara Cavallaro, Rossella Farra, Emanuela Fabiola Craparo, Carla Sardo, Barbara Porsio, Gaetano Giammona, Francesca Perrone, Mario Grassi, Gabriele Pozzato, Gabriele Grassi, Barbara Dapas
The limited efficacy of available treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) requires the development of novel therapeutic approaches. We synthesized a novel cationic polymer based on α,β-poly-(N-2-hydroxyethyl)-D,L-aspartamide (PHEA) for drug delivery to HCC cells. The copolymer was synthesized by subsequent derivatization of PHEA with diethylene triamine (DETA) and with a polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivative bearing galactose (GAL) molecules, obtaining the cationic derivative PHEA-DETA-PEG-GAL. PHEA-DETA-PEG-GAL has suitable chemical-physical characteristics for a potential systemic use and can effectively deliver a siRNA (siE2F1) targeted against the transcription factor E2F1, a gene product involved in HCC...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115161/cg13250-a-novel-bromodomain-inhibitor-suppresses-proliferation-of-multiple-myeloma-cells-in-an-orthotopic-mouse-model
#17
Natsuki Imayoshi, Makoto Yoshioka, Jay Chauhan, Susumu Nakata, Yuki Toda, Steven Fletcher, Jeffrey W Strovel, Kazuyuki Takata, Eishi Ashihara
Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by the clonal proliferation of neoplastic plasma cells. Despite a stream of new molecular targets based on better understanding of the disease, MM remains incurable. Epigenomic abnormalities contribute to the pathogenesis of MM. bromodomain 4 (BRD4), a member of the bromodomain and extraterminal (BET) family, binds to acetylated histones during M/G1 transition in the cell cycle promoting progression to S phase. In this study, we investigated the effects of a novel BET inhibitor CG13250 on MM cells...
January 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112720/long-noncoding-rna-hoxa-as2-represses-p21-and-klf2-expression-transcription-by-binding-with-ezh2-lsd1-in-colorectal-cancer
#18
J Ding, M Xie, Y Lian, Y Zhu, P Peng, J Wang, L Wang, K Wang
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have received increased attention as a new class of functional regulators involved in human carcinogenesis. HOXA cluster antisense RNA 2 (HOXA-AS2) is a 1048-bp lncRNA located between the HOXA3 and HOXA4 genes in the HOXA cluster that regulates gene expression at a transcription level. HOXA-AS2 is previously found to be overexpressed in gastric cancer (GC) and promotes GC cells proliferation. However, its potential role and molecular mechanism in colorectal cancer (CRC) are not known...
January 23, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109717/dicer-1-regulates-proliferative-potential-of-drosophila-larval-neural-stem-cells-through-bantam-mirna-based-down-regulation-of-the-g1-s-inhibitor-dacapo
#19
Animesh Banerjee, Jagat Kumar Roy
The present work elucidates the role of miRNA in cell cycle regulation during brain development in Drosophila. Here we report that lineage specific depletion of dicer-1, a classically acknowledged miRNA biogenesis protein in neuroblasts leads to a reduction in their numbers and size in the third instar larval central brain. These brains also showed lower number of mitotically active cells and when homozygous mitotic clones were generated in an otherwise heterozygous dicer-1 mutant background via MARCM technique, they showed reduced number of progeny cells in individual clones, substantiating the adverse effect of the loss of dicer-1 on the proliferative potential of neuroblasts...
January 18, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106288/nuclear-inositide-signaling-via-phospholipase-c
#20
Stefano Ratti, Sara Mongiorgi, Giulia Ramazzotti, Matilde Y Follo, Giulia A Mariani, Pann-Ghill Suh, James A McCubrey, Lucio Cocco, Lucia Manzoli
The existence of an independent nuclear inositide pathway distinct from the cytoplasmic one has been demonstrated in different physiological systems and in diseases. In this prospect we analyze the role of PI-PLCβ1 nuclear isoform in relation to the cell cycle regulation, the cell differentiation and different physiopathological pathways focusing on the importance of the nuclear localization from both molecular and clinical point of view. PI-PLCβ1 is essential for G1/S transition through DAG and Cyclin D3 and plays also a central role in G2/M progression through Cyclin B1 and PKCα...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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