keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pre—hospital

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636298/-renal-toxicities-in-oncology-therapies
#1
Bruno Rodrigues, Sandro Anchisi, Pierre-Auguste Petignat, Niels Gobin
Development of oncological treatments has progressively and significantly reduced both mortality and morbidity. Chemotherapy and more recently immunotherapy may have short- and long-term side effects among which, renal involvement is one of the most frequent complications, which may alter therapeutic options and quality of life. High cumulative doses of chemotherapy, concomitant administration of nephrotoxic treatment and pre-existing nephropathy are to be carefully considered. This article intends to review some practical considerations concerning therapies from a nephrological point of view...
May 17, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636245/weight-gain-in-the-first-week-of-life-predicts-overweight-at-2%C3%A2-years-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Lori Feldman-Winter, Laura Burnham, Xena Grossman, Stephanie Matlak, Ning Chen, Anne Merewood
In formula-fed infants, rapid weight gain during the first week of life is associated with later obesity. To examine the association between weight gain during the first week and overweight at age 2 among infants with various feeding practices and the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy and overweight, we enrolled a prospective cohort of healthy mother-infant dyads and followed them for 2 years. We enrolled 450 mother/infant pairs and obtained information on 306 infants at year 2...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636230/quantification-of-fatty-acids-in-erythrocytes-and-plasma-by-fast-gas-chromatography
#3
Cristina Cruz-Hernandez, Sagar K Thakkar, Isabelle Masserey-Elmelegy, William Bousi, Patric Fontannaz, Francesca Giuffrida
As a result of the heterogeneous nature of lipid classes in complex biological matrices such as plasma and erythrocytes, it is imperative to have a robust and validated methodology for fatty acid quantification. The effective method presented here combines available methodology of fast gas chromatography and an improvement of the sample preparation methodology before injection into the gas chromatograph. This methodology ensures complete transesterification and quantification of total and individual fatty acids (and not only in relative amounts) by addition of internal standards...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636151/method-of-teaching-undergraduate-students-to-perform-root-canal-treatment-it-s-influence-on-the-quality-of-root-fillings
#4
A Baaij, A R Özok
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess whether the method of teaching endodontology influenced the quality of root fillings made by undergraduate students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The method of teaching endodontology at our institution was revised. Changes concerned: the programme (ie method of clinical training and summative assessment), and the supervision whilst performing root canal treatment on patients. An intermediate cohort (N=91) comprised partly students attending the former programme (involving patients) and partly students attending the revised programme (without patients)...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636146/recent-climatic-drying-leads-to-age-independent-growth-reductions-of-white-spruce-stands-in-western-canada
#5
Edward H Hogg, Michael Michaelian, Trisha I Hook, Michael E Undershultz
Since 2001, climatic conditions have been notably drier than normal across large areas of the western Canadian interior, leading to widespread impacts on the forests of this region. This poses a major concern for the future, given climate change projections for continued warming and drying. We conducted tree-ring analysis in 75 pure stands of white spruce (Picea glauca) across Alberta and west-central Saskatchewan to examine the effects of recent climatic drying on the growth of this important boreal tree species...
June 21, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636116/curriculum-content-and-assessment-of-pre-clinical-dental-skills-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-education-in-europe
#6
J Field, S Stone, C Orsini, A Hussain, S Vital, A Crothers, D Walmsley
INTRODUCTION: Since 1981, the qualifications for various healthcare professionals across the European Union have enjoyed mutual recognition in accordance with the EU Directive 81/1057/EEC. Whilst the directive includes dental practitioners, it is recognised that significant variation exists in curriculum structure, content and scope of practice across institutions. This article aimed to explore pan-European practice in relation to curriculum content, teaching and learning strategies and assessment of pre-clinical dental skills...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636074/optimizing-outcomes-in-pancreas-transplantation-impact-of-organ-preservation-time
#7
Ehren N Rudolph, Ty B Dunn, David E R Sutherland, Raja Kandaswamy, Erik B Finger
Recent changes to pancreas graft allocation policy have increased the number of organs available for regional and distant sharing, which results in a corresponding increase in preservation time. We sought to systematically assess the impact of cold ischemia time (CIT) on outcomes posttransplant. A retrospective review of 1,253 pancreas transplants performed at a single transplant center was performed to correlate CIT to transplant outcomes. The rate of technical failure (TF) increased with 20+ hours of CIT, with a 2...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635991/the-papillomas-of-the-sinonasal-tract-a-comprehensive-review
#8
G Leoncini, L Zanetti
Papillomas are uncommon tumors of the sinonasal tract histologically derived from the Schneiderian membrane. Three distinctive variants are described, the exophytic, the inverting and the oncocytic types. On physical examination, their appearance varies from exophytic-fungiform seen in the exophytic variant, to polypoid-papillary in both the inverting and oncocytic variant. The presence of an asymptomatic mass or epistaxis and unilateral nasal obstruction are the typical presenting symptoms. Clinically they tend to recur and, although benign, they may erode the bone laminas by pressure, especially the inverting type, causing proptosis and other co-morbidities...
March 2017: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635971/exercise-among-women-with-ovarian-cancer-a-feasibility-and-pre-post-test-exploratory-pilot-study
#9
Xiaochen Zhang, Daniel McClean, Emily Ko, Mark A Morgan, Kathryn Schmitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To establish the feasibility and acceptability of completing a higher dose of the planned physical activity volume among women with ovarian cancer, including those undergoing active treatment. 
. DESIGN: A pre-/post-test exercise intervention. All participants were asked to complete 225 minutes per week of physical activity for 26 weeks. Multiple supports were provided, including exercise DVDs, self-reported logs, and an objective physical activity tracker (Fitbit®)...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635664/adolescent-exposure-to-the-synthetic-cannabinoid-win-55212-2-modifies-cocaine-withdrawal-symptoms-in-adult-mice
#10
María A Aguilar, Juan Carlos Ledesma, Marta Rodríguez-Arias, Carles Penalva, Carmen Manzanedo, José Miñarro, M Carmen Arenas
Chronic cannabinoid consumption is an increasingly common behavior among teenagers and has been shown to cause long-lasting neurobehavioral alterations. Besides, it has been demonstrated that cocaine addiction in adulthood is highly correlated with cannabis abuse during adolescence. Cocaine consumption and subsequent abstinence from it can cause psychiatric symptoms, such as psychosis, cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression. The aim of the present research was to study the consequences of adolescent exposure to cannabis on the psychiatric-like effects promoted by cocaine withdrawal in adult mice...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635625/soil-moisture-content-estimation-based-on-sentinel-1-and-auxiliary-earth-observation-products-a-hydrological-approach
#11
Dimitrios D Alexakis, Filippos-Dimitrios K Mexis, Anthi-Eirini K Vozinaki, Ioannis N Daliakopoulos, Ioannis K Tsanis
A methodology for elaborating multi-temporal Sentinel-1 and Landsat 8 satellite images for estimating topsoil Soil Moisture Content (SMC) to support hydrological simulation studies is proposed. After pre-processing the remote sensing data, backscattering coefficient, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), thermal infrared temperature and incidence angle parameters are assessed for their potential to infer ground measurements of SMC, collected at the top 5 cm. A non-linear approach using Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) is tested...
June 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635564/arthroscopic-fixation-of-acute-acromioclavicular-joint-disruption-with-tightrope%C3%A2-outcome-and-complications-after-minimum-2-2-5-years-follow-up
#12
Li-Feng Zhang, Bo Yin, Su Hou, Bing Han, De-Fa Huang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the midterm results of arthroscopic reconstruction of acute acromioclavicular (AC) joint disruption using TightRope™ system. METHODS AND MATERIAL: We retrospectively assess the results of 24 patients of acute AC joint dislocation who were operated using TightRope system. Constant and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) scores and coracoclavicular distance were calculated pre- and postoperatively. Data was entered into MS excel and analyzed using the SPSS version 17...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635557/cellular-immune-responses-of-older-adults-to-four-influenza-vaccines-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-comparison
#13
Arun Kumar, Janet E McElhaney, Lisa Walrond, Terry D Cyr, Shahzma Merani, Tobias R Kollmann, Scott A Halperin, David W Scheifele
Cellular immunity is important for protection against the serious complications of influenza in older adults. As it is unclear if newer influenza vaccines elicit greater cellular responses than standard vaccines, we compared responses to two standard and two newer licensed trivalent inactivated vaccines (TIVs) in a randomized trial in older adults. Non-frail adults ≥65 years old were randomly assigned to receive standard subunit, MF59-adjuvanted subunit, standard split-virus or intradermal split-virus TIV...
June 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635540/reduced-serum-vgf-levels-were-reversed-by-antidepressant-treatment-in-depressed-patients
#14
Haitang Jiang, Suzhen Chen, Na Lu, Yingying Yue, Yingying Yin, Yuqun Zhang, Wenhao Jiang, Jinfeng Liang, Yonggui Yuan
OBJECTIVES: VGF, a non-acronymic neuropeptide, is important in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) and in the functioning and efficacy of some antidepressant drugs. In this study we assessed whether serum VGF levels change in MDD patients and if antidepressant treatments can restore these changes. METHODS: We measured serum VGF concentrations using sandwich ELISA in drug-free MDD patients before treatment began (n = 26) and at 8 weeks after antidepressant treatment (n = 26) with escitalopram and duloxetine, two common antidepressants...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635528/clinical-social-and-ethical-issues-associated-with-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-for-aneuploidy
#15
Blanche Griffin, Samantha Edwards, Lyn S Chitty, Celine Lewis
Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), based on analysis of cell-free foetal DNA, is rapidly becoming a preferred method to screen for chromosomal aneuploidy with the technology now available in over 90 countries. This review provides an up-to-date discussion of the key clinical, social and ethical implications associated with this revolutionary technology. Stakeholders are positive about a test that is highly accurate, safe, can be perfomed early in pregnancy, identifies affected pregnancies that might otherwise have been missed and reduces the need for invasive testing...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635474/approaching-the-issue
#16
Marc Cornock
Pre-registration students are not registered with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC), so you cannot report them to the regulator. The NMC issues guidance on professional conduct for nursing and midwifery students, but it cannot take any action until the person is on, or applies to join, the register.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635439/social-and-occupational-factors-associated-with-psychological-wellbeing-among-occupational-groups-affected-by-disaster-a-systematic-review
#17
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, G James Rubin, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups. AIMS: To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635407/ovarian-reserve-after-fibroid-embolization-in-premenopausal-women
#18
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Bachar Manav, Zacharoula Koukouli, Grigorios Trypsiannis, Georgios Galazios, Dimitrios Souftas, Vasileios Souftas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of uterine artery embolization (UAE) for fibroids on ovarian pool of premenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case control study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred and twenty premenopausal women, aged between 40 and 50 years, who underwent UAE for symptomatic uterine fibroids and the same number of women, aged between 40 and 50 years, with symptomatic uterine fibroids, who were not offered treatment were recruited for this study...
February 24, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635364/the-impact-of-motivational-interviewing-on-behavior-stages-of-nulliparous-pregnant-women-preparing-for-childbirth-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Masoumeh Rasouli, Seyed Abbas Mousavi, Ahmad Khosravi, Afsaneh Keramat, Ensieh Fooladi, Giti Atashsokhan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) on the stages of behavior change among nulliparous pregnant women who were preparing for childbirth. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 234 pregnant women were studied in two intervention groups (MI and lecture), and one control group at three stages. In weeks 16-19 of pregnancy, two counseling sessions were held for the MI group, and one lecturing session was held for the lecture group...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635342/healthcare-costs-in-psoriasis-and-psoriasis-subgroups-over-time-following-psoriasis-diagnosis
#20
Sarah Al Sawah, Shonda A Foster, Orin M Goldblum, William N Malatestinic, Baojin Zhu, Nianwen Shi, Xue Song, Steven R Feldman
AIMS: To quantify healthcare costs in patients with psoriasis overall and, in psoriasis patient subgroups, by level of disease severity, presence or absence of psoriatic arthritis, or use of biologics. METHODS: Administrative data from Truven Health Analytics MarketScan Research Database were used to select adult patients with psoriasis from January 2009 to January 2014. The first psoriasis diagnosis was set as the index date. Patients were required to have ≥6 months of continuous enrollment with medical and pharmacy benefits pre-index and ≥12 months post-index...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
keyword
keyword
64707
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"