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Panagis Drakatos, Sean Higgins, Iain Duncan, Sara Stevens, Sakina Dastagir, Adam Birdseye, Dimosthenis Lykouras, Rexford Muza, Nadia Gildeh, Ivana Rosenzweig, Adrian J Williams, Guy D Leschziner, Brian D Kent
OBJECTIVES: Catathrenia is an uncommon and poorly understood disorder, characterized by groaning during sleep occurring in tandem with prolonged expiration. Its classification, pathogenesis, and clinical relevance remain debated, substantially due to the limited number of cases reported to date. We report a series of consecutive cases of catathrenia, their clinical and polysomnographic characteristics, and their subsequent management. METHODS: Consecutive patients with catathrenia who had undergone full polysomnography in our institution over a 5...
July 20, 2016: Sleep Medicine
Megan L Murphy, Michael J Mattingly, Craig T Meisner
BACKGROUND: There are multiple clinical manifestations of hypercalcemia and several causes of hypercalcemia. Hypercalcemia caused by milk-alkali syndrome is increasing in frequency. CASE REPORT: A 26-year-old woman presented after having undergone caesarian section. She complained of severe myalgias, arthralgias, an inability to ambulate, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and marked depression. Each of these symptoms has a broad differential diagnosis, but when considered together the theme "stones, bones, moans, and groans," seen in patients with hypercalcemia, is evident...
October 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Frank Diamond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Managed Care
Emanuela Olivieri, Sergio A Zanzani, Maria S Latrofa, Riccardo P Lia, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Domenico Otranto, Maria T Manfredi
BACKGROUND: Two clustered clinical cases of canine babesiosis were diagnosed by veterinary practitioners in two areas of northeastern Italy close to natural parks. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of babesial infection in dogs, the etiological agents that cause canine babesiosis and the potential tick vector for the involved Babesia spp. METHODS: The study area was represented by two parks in northeastern Italy: Groane Regional Park (Site A) and the Ticino Valley Lombard Park (Site B)...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
Lynne Pearce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2016: Nursing Standard
Andy S Calder, Jan E Morgan
This article traces the development of an innovative program of Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE), conducted in 2013 in Victoria, Australia. Interns were placed in environmental contexts; the program's aim was to enhance the eco-ministry identity of interns as they attended to the anxieties and concerns of people affected by ecological change, as well as listening to the cries and groans of Earth. In this sense, pastoral care acknowledges the environment and our human presence within it as of religious and spiritual concern...
March 2016: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
Toluwalase A Ajayi, Kyle P Edmonds, Kathryn Thornberry, Rabia A Atayee
Medical advances have improved the overall life expectancy of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Unfortunately, the quality of life for patients with SCD remains a struggle. As the goal of palliative care (PC) is to improve quality of life for patients with serious illnesses, many PC teams are now asked to be involved in the care of these patients and may have variable levels of experience with SCD. Caring for patients with SCD is a complex and difficult task that often causes a reflexive "groan" from health care providers, which usually signifies a negative health care provider attitude stemmed from feeling uncomfortable in treating this complex patient population...
February 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Lino Becerra, Christopher M Aasted, David A Boas, Edward George, Meryem A Yücel, Barry D Kussman, Peter Kelsey, David Borsook
Colonoscopy is an invaluable tool for the screening and diagnosis of many colonic diseases. For most colonoscopies, moderate sedation is used during the procedure. However, insufflation of the colon produces a nociceptive stimulus that is usually accompanied by facial grimacing/groaning while under sedation. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a nociceptive signal elicited by colonic insufflation could be measured from the brain. Seventeen otherwise healthy patients (age 54.8 ± 9.1; 6 female) undergoing routine colonoscopy (ie, no history of significant medical conditions) were monitored using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)...
April 2016: Pain
Maria Maust-Mohl, Joseph Soltis, Diana Reiss
This study describes the acoustic and behavioral repertoires of the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius). Simultaneous audio and video recordings were collected of male and female hippos at Disney's Animal Kingdom(®). Visual inspection of spectrograms resulted in classifying signals into three main categories (burst of air, tonal, and pulsed) produced in-air, underwater, or simultaneously in both mediums. Of the total acoustic signals, most were produced underwater (80%), and the majority of the total signals were tonal (54%)...
August 2015: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Benjamin J Pitcher, Elodie F Briefer, Alan G McElligott
BACKGROUND: Mammal vocal parameters such as fundamental frequency (or pitch; f o ) and formant dispersion often provide information about quality traits of the producer (e.g. dominance and body size), suggesting that they are sexually selected. However, little experimental evidence exists demonstrating the importance of these cues in intrasexual competition, particularly f o . Male Fallow deer (bucks) produce an extremely low pitched groan. Bucks have a descended larynx and generate f o well below what is expected for animals of their size...
2015: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Patrick Bonasso, Jason Turner, Fawad Khan, Don Nakayama, Bryan Richmond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: American Surgeon
Zeliang Hao, Liyue Xu, Jingjing Zhang, Xueli Lan, Xuemei Gao, Fang Han
BACKGROUND: Catathrenia is a rare sleep disorder characterized by repeated groaning in a protracted expiration preceded by a deep inspiration. This study aimed to explore whether anatomy is one of pathophysiology of catathrenia by investigating the anatomical features associated with catathrenia in the upper airway, craniofacial structures, and dental patterns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients with catathrenia (7 males, 15 females; age 22 to 69 years) were recruited as well as 66 patients matched by age and gender (matching proportion 1:3) with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS)...
March 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Abiola Fatimah Adenowo, Babatunji Emmanuel Oyinloye, Bolajoko Idiat Ogunyinka, Abidemi Paul Kappo
Schistosomiasis, a neglected tropical disease of poverty ranks second among the most widespread parasitic disease in various nations in sub-Saharan Africa. Neglected tropical diseases are causes of about 534,000 deaths annually in sub-Saharan Africa and an estimated 57 million disability-adjusted life-years are lost annually due to the neglected tropical diseases. The neglected tropical diseases exert great health, social and financial burden on economies of households and governments. Schistosomiasis has profound negative effects on child development, outcome of pregnancy, and agricultural productivity, thus a key reason why the "bottom 500 million" inhabitants of sub-Saharan Africa continue to live in poverty...
March 2015: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Ruchi Bansal, Lavanya Kodali, Jeremy A Weingarten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Eric N Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2015: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
J J Cohen
Sunrise over the Rincon Mountains revealed a procession of fifty horses groaning under their burden of psychologists and immunologists as a recent desert workshop got under way. The participants later sat, some rather gingerly, around a table to discuss methodological questions central to the new and sometimes embattled field variously called behavioural immunology, psychoneuroimmunology, and neuroimmunomodulation.
1987: Immunology Today
N Dorairajan, P V Pradeep
The parathyroid gland was first described by Sir Richard Owen. Ivor Sandstrom coined the term glandulae parathyroidiae. Vassale and Generali Francesco observed that tetany occurs following parathyroidectomy. Harald Salvesen firmly established the relationship of the parathyroid gland to calcium metabolism. A patient with skeletal disease and a tumor near the parathyroid gland was described by Max Askanazy in 1904. Schlagenhaufer suggested in 1915 that in an attempt to cure bone disease, solitary parathyroid enlargement, if present, should be excised...
September 2014: International Surgery
Ben C Reynolds, Tim D Cheetham
Disorders of calcium homeostasis are uncommon but important because of the broad spectrum of potential underlying causes that lie on a spectrum from the benign to the life-threatening. Paediatricians may find them challenging because they do not arise often enough for the investigative approach to be second nature. We report a 4-year-old with acute onset profound hypercalcaemia. We focus on an approach to the clinical problem that is based on the potential organ systems affected, namely the gut, bone and kidney...
February 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
Andrea Romigi, Giuseppe Vitrani, Alfredo D'Aniello, Giancarlo Di Gennaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Sleep Medicine
Xi Chen, Yumei Sun, Jinrang Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2013: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
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