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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793213/end-stage-renal-disease-models-in-the-americas-optimizing-resources-to-achieve-better-health-outcomes
#1
Ramiro E Gilardino, Eduardo González-Pier, Claudia Brabata
End-stage renal disease, the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease, represents a major and rising concern for countries in Latin America, driven in large part by aging populations and the near-epidemic rises in diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This places a great clinical, economic, and social burden on the region's health systems. During the ISPOR 6th Latin America Conference held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in September 2017, an educational forum debated on value-based decision making in the treatment of end-stage renal disease in Latin America...
May 21, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792515/integrative-medicine-the-imperative-for-health-justice-in-the-other-side-of-the-world
#2
Mohamed K M Khalil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792460/the-complexity-diversity-and-science-of-primary-care-teams
#3
Kevin Fiscella, Susan H McDaniel
This article examines the past, present and future of primary care and teamwork. It begins with a definition and description of primary care-its uniqueness, diversity and complexity, including the historical role of teams within primary care. The article then reviews the emergence of innovative primary care teams, including those grounded in new processes such as the Patient-Centered Medical Home and interprofessional teams that include new types of health professionals, particularly psychologists and other integrated behavioral health clinicians...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792454/addressing-the-paradox-of-the-team-innovation-process-a-review-and-practical-considerations
#4
Amanda L Thayer, Alexandra Petruzzelli, Caitlin E McClurg
Facilitating team innovation is paramount to promoting progress in the science, technology, engineering, and math fields, as well as advancing national health, safety, prosperity, and welfare. However, innovation teams face a unique set of challenges due to the novelty and uncertainty that is core to the definition of innovation, as well as the paradoxical nature of idea generation and idea implementation processes. These and other challenges must be overcome for innovation teams to realize their full potential for producing change...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792255/effectiveness-of-adolescent-peer-education-programs-on-reducing-hiv-sti-risk-an-integrated-review
#5
Ganga Mahat, Mary Ann Scoloveno
There is empirical evidence suggesting that peer education is efficacious in changing adolescent sexual risk behaviors; however, it is unclear if there are similarities in outcomes across studies. Thus, the purpose of this review was to synthesize published research on peer-led HIV/STI intervention programs for adolescents in an effort to determine the efficacy of peer education on knowledge, attitudes, normative beliefs, and sexual behavior. Data collection included online searches of published research from Index Medicus (Medline), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), Educational Index, and PsycINFO (including PsycARTICLES) from 2000 to 2016...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792157/long-term-health-and-germline-transmission-in-transgenic-cattle-following-transposon-mediated-gene-transfer
#6
Soo-Young Yum, Song-Jeon Lee, Sin-Gi Park, In-Gang Shin, Sang-Eun Hahn, Woo-Jae Choi, Hee-Soo Kim, Hyeong-Jong Kim, Seong-Hun Bae, Je-Hyeong Lee, Joo-Yeong Moon, Woo-Sung Lee, Ji-Hyun Lee, Choong-Il Lee, Seong-Jin Kim, Goo Jang
BACKGROUND: Transposon-mediated, non-viral gene delivery is a powerful tool for generating stable cell lines and transgenic animals. However, as multi-copy insertion is the preferred integration pattern, there is the potential for uncontrolled changes in endogenous gene expression and detrimental effects in cells or animals. Our group has previously reported on the generation of several transgenic cattle by using microinjection of the Sleeping Beauty (SB) and PiggyBac (PB) transposons and seeks to explore the long-term effects of this technology on cattle...
May 23, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792074/lessons-learned-conducting-a-multi-center-trial-with-a-military-population-the-tinnitus-retraining-therapy-trial
#7
Roberta W Scherer, Leonora D Sensinger, Benigno Sierra-Irizarry, Craig Formby
Background The Tinnitus Retraining Therapy Trial (TRTT), a randomized, placebo-controlled, multi-center trial, evaluated the efficacy of tinnitus retraining therapy and its individual components, tinnitus-specific educational counseling and sound therapy versus the standard of care, in military practice to improve study participants' quality of life. The trial was conducted at six US military hospitals to take advantage of the greater prevalence of tinnitus in the military population. Methods During the trial, various challenges arose that were uniquely related to the military setting...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792072/contextualizing-acculturative-stress-among-latino-immigrants-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#8
Venera Bekteshi, Sung-Wan Kang
PURPOSE: This systematic review of the literature informed of (a) the relationship between acculturation and acculturative stress, (b) examined the determinants of acculturative stress among Latino immigrants in the U.S., and (c) provided a conceptual framework that can be used to specify the interactive effect of various factors on acculturative stress. METHODS: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), this review synthesized the results of thirty studies published between 2000 and 2015 that investigated the influence of several socio-demographic and cultural contexts on acculturative stress among Latino immigrants categorized using Family Stress Management (FSM) theory as a framework...
May 23, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791941/understanding-refugees-health
#9
Martin Müller, Dana Khamis, David Srivastava, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Carmen Andrea Pfortmueller
According to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), 65.6 million people have been forcibly displaced worldwide. Several factors have a major influence on asylum seekers' health; so, their health profile is markedly different from that of the population in the country of asylum. The aim of this study is to review the major issues physicians need to be aware of when treating asylum seekers, with a special focus on the neurological problems of asylum seekers and refugees. The major impact factors on refugees' health are linked to experiences and exposure (1) in the country of origin, (2) in refugee camps and en route to Europe, and (3) in the process of immigration into the host country and living in European asylum centers...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791858/a-multi-layered-quantitative-in-vivo-expression-atlas-of-the-podocyte-unravels-kidney-disease-candidate-genes
#10
Markus M Rinschen, Markus Gödel, Florian Grahammer, Stefan Zschiedrich, Martin Helmstädter, Oliver Kretz, Mostafa Zarei, Daniela A Braun, Sebastian Dittrich, Caroline Pahmeyer, Patricia Schroder, Carolin Teetzen, HeonYung Gee, Ghaleb Daouk, Martin Pohl, Elisa Kuhn, Bernhard Schermer, Victoria Küttner, Melanie Boerries, Hauke Busch, Mario Schiffer, Carsten Bergmann, Marcus Krüger, Friedhelm Hildebrandt, Joern Dengjel, Thomas Benzing, Tobias B Huber
Damage to and loss of glomerular podocytes has been identified as the culprit lesion in progressive kidney diseases. Here, we combine mass spectrometry-based proteomics with mRNA sequencing, bioinformatics, and hypothesis-driven studies to provide a comprehensive and quantitative map of mammalian podocytes that identifies unanticipated signaling pathways. Comparison of the in vivo datasets with proteomics data from podocyte cell cultures showed a limited value of available cell culture models. Moreover, in vivo stable isotope labeling by amino acids uncovered surprisingly rapid synthesis of mitochondrial proteins under steady-state conditions that was perturbed under autophagy-deficient, disease-susceptible conditions...
May 22, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791732/care-for-child-development-in-rural-malawi-a-model-feasibility-and-pilot-study
#11
Melissa Gladstone, John Phuka, Richard Thindwa, Fatima Chitimbe, Kate Chidzalo, Jaya Chandna, Selena Gleadow Ware, Kenneth Maleta
Evidence demonstrates that encouraging stimulation, early communication, and nutrition improves child development. Detailed feasibility studies in real-world situations in Africa are limited. We piloted Care for Child Development through six health surveillance assistants (HSAs) in group and individual sessions with 60 caregivers and children <2 years and assessed recruitment, frequency, timings, and quality of intervention. We collected baseline/endline anthropometric, child development (MDAT), maternal stress (SRQ), and family care indicators (FCIs) data and determined acceptability through 20 interviews with caregivers and HSAs...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791730/integration-of-parenting-and-nutrition-interventions-in-a-community-health-program-in-pakistan-an-implementation-evaluation
#12
Aisha K Yousafzai, Muneera A Rasheed, Saima Siyal
Policy and program implementers require evidence on whether integrated psychosocial stimulation and nutrition interventions can be effectively delivered at-scale, how, and at what cost? To address some of these issues, a comprehensive evaluation of implementation was designed for a trial in Pakistan that integrated psychosocial stimulation and nutrition interventions in a community health service. The first objective was to describe, analyze, and assess the quality and accuracy of the implementation of the interventions...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791648/time-use-by-family-caregivers-of-elderly-with-dementia-an-integrative-review
#13
Elcyana Bezerra Carvalho, Anita Liberalesso Neri
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of measures used between 1993 and 2016 to evaluate time use by family caregivers of elderly with dementia and to find out the patterns of time use identified in the literature. METHOD: An integrative review of articles was performed, indexed by the following terms: time use management, family caregiver and elderly. RESULTS: A total of 17 articles were found, of which seven were methodological. Among these seven articles, five were psychometric...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791647/active-methodologies-for-graduation-in-nursing-focus-on-the-health-care-of-older-adults
#14
Elaine Fernanda Dornelas de Souza, Amanda Gaspar Silva, Ariana Ieda Lima Ferreira da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of the use of simulation as active teaching methodology in the Developmental Psychology discipline and share its impacts on the students' learning process. METHOD: Based on Active Methodologies, the students in Nursing of Universidade do Oeste Paulista - Presidente Prudente-SP developed simulated visits to older users of the Family Health Strategies. RESULTS: In accordance with the 2014 National Curriculum Guidelines and the Brazilian Unified Health System, particularities of the needs of older adults at their homes were problematized...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791645/gerontological-contributions-to-the-care-of-elderly-people-in-long-term-care-facilities
#15
Vanessa da Silva Antonio Coimbra, Rose Mary Costa Rosa Andrade Silva, Fabiana Lopes Joaquim, Eliane Ramos Pereira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze Brazilian scientific productions from the last 11 years which show the contributions of nursing to elderly people in long-term care facilities. METHOD: This is an integrative literature review. The search took place in the Virtual Health Library (VHL) in the BDENF and LILACS databases and the SCIELO virtual library, between June and October 2016, using the keyword long-term care facility and the descriptors nursing and geriatrics. RESULTS: Eleven studies were selected, published 2005 and 2016, with various methodological approaches that enabled discussion of the proposed objective...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791642/integrative-review-of-literature-nursing-care-to-aged-people-with-hiv
#16
Arayana Gomes da Silva, Viviane Siqueira Cavalcanti, Tâmyssa Simões Dos Santos, Gabriela Rodrigues Bragagnollo, Karen da Silva Santos, Ivanilde Miciele da Silva Santos, Kristiana Cerqueira Mousinho, Cinira Magali Fortuna
OBJECTIVE: To identify evidences in scientific Brazilian literature on nursing care to aged people with HIV. METHOD: Integrative review of literature from databases: Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS), Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), Cochrane and the Nursing Database (BDENF). The applied inclusion criteria were publications that were fully available from 2001 to 2015 and answered to the guiding question of this study...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791529/prevalence-and-correlates-of-insufficient-physical-activity-in-school-adolescents-in-peru
#17
Bimala Sharma, Rosemary Cosme Chavez, Eun Woo Nam
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and correlates of insufficient physical activity in adolescents in Peru. METHODS We used a self-administered questionnaire developed from Global school-based Student Health Survey to collect information from secondary school students in North Lima and Callao in 2015. We carried out Poisson regression with robust variance using generalized linear models to estimate the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of insufficient physical activity for its correlates...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791212/indian-novice-nurses-perceptions-of-their-role-in-caring-for-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#18
Sailaxmi Gandhi, Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, Reddy Ss Nikhil, Marimuthu Palaniappan, Suresh Bada Math
BACKGROUND: intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant health problem and a gross violation of the human rights of women. Nurses play an important role in providing support for these women. There is limited research on nurses' understanding and perceptions of their role in caring for women with IPV issues in India. AIM: to assess novice nurses' perceptions of self-efficacy, educational preparedness and their role in this area. METHODS: this was a cross-sectional descriptive survey carried out among a convenience sample of novice nurses (n=83) at a tertiary care centre using self-reported questionnaires...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791012/a-systematic-mixed-studies-review-of-women-s-experiences-of-perineal-trauma-sustained-during-childbirth
#19
REVIEW
Rebecca Crookall, Gillian Fowler, Caroline Wood, Pauline Slade
AIM: To explore the quantitative/qualitative literature on women's experiences of perineal trauma sustained during childbirth and the impact it may have on psychological/emotional wellbeing BACKGROUND: Obstetric complications during childbirth can be a risk factor for postpartum psychological distress. Perineal trauma is one of the most frequent obstetric complications and it is important to understand any impact on psychological/emotional wellbeing. DESIGN: A convergent qualitative design using a hybrid deductive-inductive thematic synthesis approach to data transformation was used...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790983/climate-change-and-one-health
#20
Jakob Zinsstag, Lisa Crump, Esther Schelling, Jan Hattendorf, Yahya Osman Maidane, Kadra Osman Ali, Abdifatah Muhummed, Abdurezak Adem Umer, Ferzua Aliyi, Faisal Nooh, Mohammed Ibrahim Abdikadir, Seid Mohammed Ali, Stella Hartinger, Daniel Mäusezahl, Monica Berger Gonzalez de White, Celia Cordon-Rosales, Danilo Alvarez Castillo, John McCracken, Fayiz Abakar, Colin Cercamondi, Sandro Emmenegger, Edith Maier, Simon Karanja, Isabelle Bolon, Rafael Ruiz de Castañeda, Bassirou Bonfoh, Rea Tschopp, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Guéladio Cissé
The journal The Lancet recently published a countdown on health and climate change. Attention was focused solely on humans. However, animals, including wildlife, livestock and pets, may also be impacted by climate change. Complementary to the high relevance of awareness rising for protecting humans against climate change, here we present a One Health approach, which aims at the simultaneous protection of humans, animals and the environment from climate change impacts (climate change adaptation). We postulate that integrated approaches save human and animal lives and reduce costs when compared to public and animal health sectors working separately...
June 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
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