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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762332/extended-release-liposomal-bupivacaine-injection-exparel-for-early-postoperative-pain-control-following-palatoplasty
#1
Kristopher M Day, Narayanan M Nair, Larry A Sargent
INTRODUCTION: Liposomal bupivacaine (LB) is a long-acting local anesthetic reported to decrease postoperative pain in adults. The authors demonstrate the safe use of LB in pediatric patients with improved pain control following palatoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective patient series of all single-surgeon palatoplasty patients treated at a tertiary craniofacial center from August 2014 to December 2015 were included. All patients received 1.3% LB intraoperatively as greater palatal nerve and surgical field blocks in 2-flap V-Y pushback palatoplasty...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628769/antifungal-susceptibility-testing-of-vulvovaginal-candida-species-among-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-in-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-peshawar
#2
Maria Khan, Jawad Ahmed, Amina Gul, Aamer Ikram, Farida Khurram Lalani
Background: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is considered as a pervasive gynecological problem among women worldwide. Owing to this fact, in the current study, we aimed at assessing the prevalence rate of Candida spp. causing VVC in symptomatic pregnant women and their antifungal susceptibility pattern. Methods: This study was carried out in the tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar during the period of July 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016. The study group included 450 pregnant women in the age group of 17-44 years with symptoms of excessive vaginal discharge, pain and pruritis...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607726/a-rare-case-of-schneiderian-papilloma-of-the-middle-ear-presenting-with-pulsatile-tinnitus
#3
S M Mummadi, A Darr, N Hakim, S Din, S K Bhimrao
Schneiderian papillomas (ISP) of the middle ear are uncommon conditions, with only 45 cases published within literature. They are locally aggressive tumours, with a high rate of recurrence and associated malignancy. We present a rare case of a 53-year-old man presenting with unilateral pulsatile tinnitus, otorrhoea, aural fullness, pruritis and hearing loss. Angiography was employed to exclude a glomus tumour and the patient underwent a modified radical mastoidectomy. Tissue samples confirmed a histological diagnosis of ISP of the middle ear...
May 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560675/jaundice-in-a-pregnant-woman
#4
Sophiane Ibrahimi, Abbas Ali Mroué, Erik Francois, Robert Jagodzinski
A 34-year-old woman in the 22nd week of gestation presented with generalized pruritis and weight loss since the first trimester of pregnancy. Physical examination revealed cutaneous scratch lesions, jaundice, and hepatomegaly. Blood tests revealed cholestasis with elevated direct bilirubinemia. Auto-antibody and viral hepatitis tests were negative. Liver ultrasound was normal. The initial diagnosis was cholestasis of pregnancy. However despite treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid, the patient did not improve...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513180/jaundice-in-a-pregnant-woman
#5
S Ibrahimi, A A Mroué, E Francois, R Jagodzinski
A 34-year-old woman in the 22nd week of gestation presented with generalized pruritis and weight loss since the first trimester of pregnancy. Physical examination revealed cutaneous scratch lesions, jaundice, and hepatomegaly. Blood tests revealed cholestasis with elevated direct bilirubinemia. Auto-antibody and viral hepatitis tests were negative. Liver ultrasound was normal. The initial diagnosis was cholestasis of pregnancy. However despite treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid, the patient did not improve...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424003/a-retrospective-case-series-of-referrals-to-our-psychodermatology-clinic-2009-2016
#6
LETTER
L Roche, V Switzer, B Ramsay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340257/symmetrical-drug-related-intertriginous-and-flexural-exanthema-induced-by-doxycycline
#7
David G Li, Cristina Thomas, Gil S Weintraub, Arash Mostaghimi
Symmetrical drug-related intertriginous and flexural exanthema (SDRIFE) is a cutaneous drug reaction characterized by erythema over the buttocks, thighs, groin, and flexural regions most commonly associated with the use of beta-lactam antibiotics. Although the exact pathophysiology of this disease remains unknown, it is theorized to be the result of a delayed hypersensitivity response presenting as a cutaneous eruption days to weeks after exposure to the drug. The treatment involves discontinuation of the suspected medication, symptomatic control of pruritus, and topical steroid therapy...
November 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180561/notalgia-paresthetica-relieved-by-cervical-traction
#8
Rhonda Low, Leah A Swanson, David L Swanson
Notalgia paresthetica is a syndrome of unilateral, chronic pruritis that is associated with burning pain, paresthesia, numbness, and hyperesthesia localized to the medial and inferior scapula. The condition does not respond to anti-inflammatory drugs or traditional antipruritic agents and has variable responses to numerous other reported pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies. Although the etiology is thought to be nerve impingement, neurologic and musculoskeletal causes are often not considered in the differential diagnosis...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140806/florid-granuloma-annulare-like-reaction-in-regional-lymph-nodes-after-regression-of-red-pigment-in-tattoos
#9
Michael D Carter, Jonathan Trites, Shelly A McNeil, Noreen N M Walsh, Martin J Bullock
A healthy 50-year-old woman had a tattoo performed on the posterior aspect of her neck and another on the dorsum of her left foot. Several weeks later, she noted redness, tenderness, and intense pruritis at both tattoo sites. Treatment with cephalexin and hydrocortisone cream was instituted, without success. Within a few months, the red, but not black, pigment had disappeared from both tattoos and was replaced by pale areas of scarring. Persistently enlarged left supraclavicular and suboccipital lymph nodes were excised 7 and 10 months after receipt of the tattoos, respectively...
May 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138587/primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-diagnostic-and-management-challenges
#10
REVIEW
Sanjeev Sirpal, Natasha Chandok
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic immune-mediated disease affecting intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts, primarily the large biliary ducts. Clinical manifestations are broad, and the spectrum encompasses asymptomatic cholestasis, icteric cholangitis with pruritis, cirrhosis, and cholangiocarcinoma. Though rare, PSC has a propensity to affect young to middle-aged males and is strongly associated with inflammatory bowel disease. There is an unmet need for effective medical treatments for PSC, and to date, the only curative therapy is liver transplantation reserved for those with end-stage liver disease...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127151/copper-regulates-maturation-and-expression-of-an-mitf-tryptase-axis-in-mast-cells
#11
Jun Mei Hu Frisk, Lena Kjellén, Stephen G Kaler, Gunnar Pejler, Helena Öhrvik
Copper has previously been implicated in the regulation of immune responses, but the impact of this metal on mast cells is poorly understood. In this article, we address this issue and show that copper starvation of mast cells causes increased granule maturation, as indicated by higher proteoglycan content, stronger metachromatic staining, and altered ultrastructure in comparison with nontreated cells, whereas copper overload has the opposite effects. In contrast, copper status did not impact storage of histamine in mast cells, nor did alterations in copper levels affect the ability of mast cells to degranulate in response to IgER cross-linking...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078703/bipolar-radiofrequency-ablation-coblation-of-external-auditory-canal-lymphatic-malformation-and-other-soft-stenoses
#12
Alex Gu, Nancy M Bauman
INTRODUCTION: Soft tissue occlusion of the external auditory canal (EAC) can cause intense pruritis, recurrent foul smelling otorrhea, recurrent otitis externa, and conductive hearing loss. Occlusion of the EAC can be challenging to treat as the area is prone to circumferential scarring. METHODS: We describe the novel use of serial bipolar radiofrequency ablation (coblation) to treat 3 children with complete EAC occlusion from congenital and acquired conditions including lymphedema (1), microcystic lymphatic malformation (1), and venolymphatic malformation (1)...
December 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976126/unilateral-angiokeratoma-of-vulva-a-rare-clinic-entity
#13
Aytekin Tokmak, Demet Kokanalı, Nagihan Özcan Cengaver, Gülçin Yıldırım, Ali I Rfan Güzel, Nafiye Yılmaz
The aim of this study is to present a very rare dermatologic condition of the vulva. Angiokeratoma is a benign dilation of ectatic thin-walled blood vessels and congested capillaries in the superficial dermal layer of skin. It occurs predominantly in men and extremely rare in women. Angiokeratoma presents as single or multiple papular lesions on the vulva with smooth or verrucous surface. These lesions are easily confused with infectious disease, inflammatory lesions, and epithelial tumors. In this report, we presented a 42 year old unmarried woman who was admitted to our clinic with complaints of two papuler lesions of the right labium majus with vaginal discharge, vulvar pruritis, and vulvar edema...
September 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971055/a-preliminary-study-on-qeeg-in-burn-patients-with-chronic-pruritus
#14
Fiorella K Miraval, Vivian L Shie, Leon Morales-Quezada, Carolina Santiago, Bianca Fernandes-Marcondes, Deborah Nadler, Colleen M Ryan, Jeffrey C Schneider, Felipe Fregni
OBJECTIVE: To explore and determine the reorganizational changes in the cortical neural circuits associated with pruritis, this study was undertaken to compare the electroencephalography (EEG) changes in burn patients having primary symptoms of chronic itching (pruritis) and their paired healthy subjects. METHODS: Eight subjects were recruited for this exploratory pilot study: 4 patients with pruritus after burn injury matched by gender and age with 4 healthy subjects...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928549/efficacy-of-tramadol-or-dexamethasone-as-an-adjuvant-to-levobupivacaine-in-ultrasound-guided-supraclavicular-plexus-block-for-upper-limb-surgery-a-randomized-double-blinded-controlled-study
#15
S Aravind Raj, Dewan Roshan Singh, S Antony John Charles, N Krishnaveni
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of tramadol or dexamethasone as an adjuvant to levobupivacaine in ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block in terms of onset time of complete sensory and motor blockade, duration of motor blockade, duration of analgesia, and any complication. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial conducted in the Department of Anesthesiology, a tertiary care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty consecutive patients of the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Class I and II who were posted for upper limb surgeries were recruited...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912620/hormonal-contraception-and-the-development-of-autoimmunity-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
William V Williams
Estrogens and progestins are known to have profound effects on the immune system and may modulate the susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. A comprehensive literature search was carried out using PubMed for any of 153 autoimmune disease terms and the terms contraception, contraceptive, or their chemical components with limits of Humans + Title or Abstract. Over 1,800 titles were returned and scanned, 352 papers retrieved and reviewed in depth and an additional 70 papers retrieved from the bibliographies. Based on this review, substantial evidence exists linking the use of combined oral contraceptives to a lower incidence of hyperthyroidism, an increase in multiple sclerosis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, and interstitial cystitis...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877838/advances-in-mechanisms-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-pathological-scars-with-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#17
Li-Jiang Yu, Xiao-Jun Wang, Xiao Long
Pathological scars,including keloids and hypertrophic scars,result from aberrations in the process of physiologic wound healing.An exaggerated inflammatory process is one of the main pathophysiological contributors.Pathological scars may cause pain and pruritis,limit joint mobility,and cause a range of cosmetic deformities that affect the patient's quality of life.However,the effectiveness of currently available prevention and treatment measures remains unsatisfactory.Mesenchymal stem cells,among their multifunctional roles,have the functions of immunomodulation and promotion of angiogenesis...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873293/the-role-of-midodrine-for-hypotension-outside-of-the-intensive-care-unit
#18
Lawrence B Gutman, Ben J Wilson
Midodrine is an oral, peripherally acting alpha-adrenergic agonist. After gaining Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval in 1996 for orthostatic hypotension, its use has evolved to target vasoplegic conditions such as intradialytic hypotension in the end-stage renal disease population, refractory ascites in cirrhotic patients to support diuresis, and in hepatorenal syndrome. Upon oral ingestion, the drug undergoes enzymatic hydrolysis to an active metabolite, desglymidodrine. Its use has been well tolerated at 2...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822592/use-of-gabapentin-and-pregabalin-for-pruritus-and-neuropathic-pain-associated-with-major-burn-injury-a-retrospective-chart-review
#19
Isha Kaul, Ami Amin, Marta Rosenberg, Laura Rosenberg, Walter J Meyer
INTRODUCTION: Pruritis after burn is one of the most common chronic complaints in burn survivors. Pruritus is often indistinguishable from neuropathic pain. There is a paucity of studies reporting the use of gabapentin and pregabalin to treat both pruritus and neuropathic pain. The purpose of this current study is to explore and document the effect of gabapentin and pregabalin in children and adolescent burn survivors. METHODS: A retrospective review of charts and pharmacy records of gabapentin and pregabalin dispensed to control pruritus and/or pain was conducted for burn survivors up to 20 years of age...
March 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717545/low-dose-lignocaine-butorphanol-vs-low-dose-bupivacaine-for-spinal-anaesthesia-in-day-care-urological-surgeries-a-prospective-randomized-control-trial
#20
Shahil Rameshbhai Khant, Rajeev Chaudhari, Rishikesh Arun Kore, Shirish Bhagwat, Ranjan Purushottam Jakhalekar
OBJECTIVE: A local anaesthetic with fast onset, short and reliable duration of anaesthesia may be preferable for day care urological surgeries. Low dose lignocaine is believed to act faster and to have a shorter duration of action than low dose bupivacaine. Use of lignocaine for spinal anesthesia is discouraged now a days because of rare reports of transient neurological symptoms. The purpose of this study was to compare effectiveness and safety of low dose of lignocaine + butorphanol against low dose of bupivacaine for day care urological surgeries...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
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