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Internet of Things

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640220/a-comprehensive-study-on-the-internet-of-underwater-things-applications-challenges-and-channel-models
#1
Chien-Chi Kao, Yi-Shan Lin, Geng-De Wu, Chun-Ju Huang
The Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT) is a novel class of Internet of Things (IoT), and is defined as the network of smart interconnected underwater objects. IoUT is expected to enable various practical applications, such as environmental monitoring, underwater exploration, and disaster prevention. With these applications, IoUT is regarded as one of the potential technologies toward developing smart cities. To support the concept of IoUT, Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) have emerged as a promising network system...
June 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635672/towards-the-internet-of-smart-trains-a-review-on-industrial-iot-connected-railways
#2
Paula Fraga-Lamas, Tiago M Fernández-Caramés, Luis Castedo
Nowadays, the railway industry is in a position where it is able to exploit the opportunities created by the IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things) and enabling communication technologies under the paradigm of Internet of Trains. This review details the evolution of communication technologies since the deployment of GSM-R, describing the main alternatives and how railway requirements, specifications and recommendations have evolved over time. The advantages of the latest generation of broadband communication systems (e...
June 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632188/smartphone-based-food-diagnostic-technologies-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Giovanni Rateni, Paolo Dario, Filippo Cavallo
A new generation of mobile sensing approaches offers significant advantages over traditional platforms in terms of test speed, control, low cost, ease-of-operation, and data management, and requires minimal equipment and user involvement. The marriage of novel sensing technologies with cellphones enables the development of powerful lab-on-smartphone platforms for many important applications including medical diagnosis, environmental monitoring, and food safety analysis. This paper reviews the recent advancements and developments in the field of smartphone-based food diagnostic technologies, with an emphasis on custom modules to enhance smartphone sensing capabilities...
June 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632182/mint-middleware-for-cooperative-interaction-of-things
#4
Soobin Jeon, Inbum Jung
This paper proposes an Internet of Things (IoT) middleware called Middleware for Cooperative Interaction of Things (MinT). MinT supports a fully distributed IoT environment in which IoT devices directly connect to peripheral devices easily construct a local or global network, and share their data in an energy efficient manner. MinT provides a sensor abstract layer, a system layer and an interaction layer. These enable integrated sensing device operations, efficient resource management, and active interconnection between peripheral IoT devices...
June 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629135/unequal-probability-marking-approach-to-enhance-security-of-traceback-scheme-in-tree-based-wsns
#5
Changqin Huang, Ming Ma, Xiao Liu, Anfeng Liu, Zhengbang Zuo
Fog (from core to edge) computing is a newly emerging computing platform, which utilizes a large number of network devices at the edge of a network to provide ubiquitous computing, thus having great development potential. However, the issue of security poses an important challenge for fog computing. In particular, the Internet of Things (IoT) that constitutes the fog computing platform is crucial for preserving the security of a huge number of wireless sensors, which are vulnerable to attack. In this paper, a new unequal probability marking approach is proposed to enhance the security performance of logging and migration traceback (LM) schemes in tree-based wireless sensor networks (WSNs)...
June 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627862/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-wearable-devices-for-upper-limb-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#6
Li-Fong Lin, Yi-Jia Lin, Zi-Hao Lin, Li-Yun Chuang, Wei-Chun Hsu, Yuan-Hsiang Lin
BACKGROUND: Wearable devices based on inertial measurement units through wireless sensor networks have many applications such as real-time motion monitoring and functional outcome assessment of stroke rehabilitation. However, additional investigations are warranted to validate their clinical value, particularly in detecting the synergy patterns of movements after stroke. AIM: To explore the feasibility and efficacy of wearable devices for upper limb rehabilitation in patients with chronic stroke and to compare the intervention effects (e...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613238/tracking-the-evolution-of-the-internet-of-things-concept-across-different-application-domains
#7
REVIEW
Jorge E Ibarra-Esquer, Félix F González-Navarro, Brenda L Flores-Rios, Larysa Burtseva, María A Astorga-Vargas
Both the idea and technology for connecting sensors and actuators to a network to remotely monitor and control physical systems have been known for many years and developed accordingly. However, a little more than a decade ago the concept of the Internet of Things (IoT) was coined and used to integrate such approaches into a common framework. Technology has been constantly evolving and so has the concept of the Internet of Things, incorporating new terminology appropriate to technological advances and different application domains...
June 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605227/a-qualitative-study-of-means-to-improve-partner-notification-after-an-hiv-diagnosis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-australia
#8
Jane E Tomnay, Alana Hulme-Chambers, Jade Bilardi, Christopher K Fairley, Sarah Huffam, Marcus Y Chen
Improved partner notification (PN) after HIV diagnosis could help control HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM). However, there is little evidence exploring what this experience is like for Australian MSM and how achievable it is in the era of the Internet and smartphones. Fifteen of 39 invited MSM recently diagnosed with HIV undertook a semistructured interview about PN. Interviews were thematically analyzed using a combined deductive/inductive approach. Three main themes arose: fear of PN and HIV disclosure, partners' unexpected reactions, and the need for more patient support...
June 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604609/-highchest-an-augmented-freezer-designed-for-smart-food-management-and-promotion-of-eco-efficient-behaviour
#9
Manuele Bonaccorsi, Stefano Betti, Giovanni Rateni, Dario Esposito, Alessia Brischetto, Marco Marseglia, Paolo Dario, Filippo Cavallo
This paper introduces HighChest, an innovative smart freezer designed to promote energy efficient behavior and the responsible use of food. Introducing a novel human-machine interface (HMI) design developed through assessment phases and a user involvement stage, HighChest is state of the art, featuring smart services that exploit embedded sensors and Internet of things functionalities, which enhance the local capabilities of the appliance. The industrial design thinking approach followed for the advanced HMI is intended to maximize the social impact of the food management service, enhancing both the user experience of the product and the user's willingness to adopt eco- and energy-friendly behaviors...
June 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599118/sensory-metrics-of-neuromechanical-trust
#10
William Softky, Criscillia Benford
Today digital sources supply a historically unprecedented component of human sensorimotor data, the consumption of which is correlated with poorly understood maladies such as Internet addiction disorder and Internet gaming disorder. Because both natural and digital sensorimotor data share common mathematical descriptions, one can quantify our informational sensorimotor needs using the signal processing metrics of entropy, noise, dimensionality, continuity, latency, and bandwidth. Such metrics describe in neutral terms the informational diet human brains require to self-calibrate, allowing individuals to maintain trusting relationships...
June 9, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598401/toward-a-trust-evaluation-mechanism-in-the-social-internet-of-things
#11
Nguyen Binh Truong, Hyunwoo Lee, Bob Askwith, Gyu Myoung Lee
In the blooming era of the Internet of Things (IoT), trust has been accepted as a vital factor for provisioning secure, reliable, seamless communications and services. However, a large number of challenges still remain unsolved due to the ambiguity of the concept of trust as well as the variety of divergent trust models in different contexts. In this research, we augment the trust concept, the trust definition and provide a general conceptual model in the context of the Social IoT (SIoT) environment by breaking down all attributes influencing trust...
June 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588935/the-internet-of-things-to-come-digital-technologies-and-the-end-tb-strategy
#12
EDITORIAL
Dennis Falzon, Mario Raviglione
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588222/collective-navigation-of-complex-networks-participatory-greedy-routing
#13
Kaj-Kolja Kleineberg, Dirk Helbing
Many networks are used to transfer information or goods, in other words, they are navigated. The larger the network, the more difficult it is to navigate efficiently. Indeed, information routing in the Internet faces serious scalability problems due to its rapid growth, recently accelerated by the rise of the Internet of Things. Large networks like the Internet can be navigated efficiently if nodes, or agents, actively forward information based on hidden maps underlying these systems. However, in reality most agents will deny to forward messages, which has a cost, and navigation is impossible...
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587246/proof-of-concept-of-home-iot-connected-vehicles
#14
Younsun Kim, Hyunggoy Oh, Sungho Kang
The way in which we interact with our cars is changing, driven by the increased use of mobile devices, cloud-based services, and advanced automotive technology. In particular, the requirements and market demand for the Internet of Things (IoT) device-connected vehicles will continuously increase. In addition, the advances in cloud computing and IoT have provided a promising opportunity for developing vehicular software and services in the automotive domain. In this paper, we introduce the concept of a home IoT connected vehicle with a voice-based virtual personal assistant comprised of a vehicle agent and a home agent...
June 5, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582918/differential-barometric-based-positioning-technique-for-indoor-elevation-measurement-in-iot-medical-applications
#15
Hua Wang, Yingyou Wen, Dazhe Zhao
BACKGROUND: Medical applications have begun to benefit from Internet of Things (IoT) technology through the introduction of wearable devices. Several medical applications require accurate patient location as various changes affect pressure parameters inside the body. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to develop a system to measure indoor altitude for IoT medical applications. METHODS: We propose a differential barometric-based positioning system to estimate the altitude between a reference sensor and a localizing sensor connected to the human body...
May 26, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582555/enablers-of-innovation-in-digital-public-health-surveillance-lessons-from-flutracking
#16
Craig B Dalton
Opportunities for digital innovation in public health surveillance have never been greater. Social media data streams, Open Data initiatives, mHealth geotagged data, and the 'internet of things' are ripe for development. To embrace these opportunities we need to provide public health professionals with environments that support experimentation with new technology. Innovative practitioners will lead discovery, adaption, trialling and deployment of new technological solutions mostly developed outside their organisation...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571474/psychometric-validation-of-the-persian-nine-item-internet-gaming-disorder-scale-short-form-does-gender-and-hours-spent-online-gaming-affect-the-interpretations-of-item-descriptions
#17
Tzu-Yi Wu, Chung-Ying Lin, Kristofer Årestedt, Mark D Griffiths, Anders Broström, Amir H Pakpour
Background and aims The nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale - Short Form (IGDS-SF9) is brief and effective to evaluate Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) severity. Although its scores show promising psychometric properties, less is known about whether different groups of gamers interpret the items similarly. This study aimed to verify the construct validity of the Persian IGDS-SF9 and examine the scores in relation to gender and hours spent online gaming among 2,363 Iranian adolescents. Methods Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch analysis were used to examine the construct validity of the IGDS-SF9...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561953/binary-synergistic-sensitivity-strengthening-of-bioinspired-hierarchical-architectures-based-on-fragmentized-reduced-graphene-oxide-sponge-and-silver-nanoparticles-for-strain-sensors-and-beyond
#18
Songfang Zhao, Lingzhi Guo, Jinhui Li, Ning Li, Guoping Zhang, Yongju Gao, Jia Li, Duxia Cao, Wei Wang, Yufeng Jin, Rong Sun, Ching-Ping Wong
Recently, stretchable electronics have been highly desirable in the Internet of Things and electronic skins. Herein, an innovative and cost-efficient strategy is demonstrated to fabricate highly sensitive, stretchable, and conductive strain-sensing platforms inspired by the geometries of a spiders slit organ and a lobsters shell. The electrically conductive composites are fabricated via embedding the 3D percolation networks of fragmentized graphene sponges (FGS) in poly(styrene-block-butadiene-block-styrene) (SBS) matrix, followed by an iterative process of silver precursor absorption and reduction...
May 31, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558280/parameter-estimation-of-hydrologic-models-using-a-likelihood-function-for-censored-and-binary-observations
#19
Omar Wani, Andreas Scheidegger, Juan Pablo Carbajal, Jörg Rieckermann, Frank Blumensaat
Observations of a hydrologic system response are needed to accurately model system behaviour. Nevertheless, often very few monitoring stations are operated because collecting such reference data adequately and accurately is laborious and costly. It has been recently suggested to use observations not only from dedicated flow meters but also from simpler sensors, such as level or event detectors, which are available more frequently but only provide censored information. Binary observations can be considered as extreme censoring...
May 20, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558134/a-strategy-to-design-high-density-nanoscale-devices-utilizing-vapor-deposition-of-metal-halide-perovskite-materials
#20
Bohee Hwang, Jang-Sik Lee
The demand for high memory density has increased due to increasing needs of information storage, such as big data processing and the Internet of Things. Organic-inorganic perovskite materials that show nonvolatile resistive switching memory properties have potential applications as the resistive switching layer for next-generation memory devices, but, for practical applications, these materials should be utilized in high-density data-storage devices. Here, nanoscale memory devices are fabricated by sequential vapor deposition of organolead halide perovskite (OHP) CH3 NH3 PbI3 layers on wafers perforated with 250 nm via-holes...
May 30, 2017: Advanced Materials
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