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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762708/the-impact-of-cash-transfers-on-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-inequalities-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#1
Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Andre M N Renzaho, Ben J Smith
Cash transfers (CTs) are now high on the agenda of most governments in low- and middle-income countries. Within the field of health promotion, CTs constitute a healthy public policy initiative as they have the potential to address the social determinants of health (SDoH) and health inequalities. A systematic review was conducted to synthesise the evidence on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health inequalities in sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify the barriers and facilitators of effective CTs. Twenty-one electronic databases and the websites of 14 key organizations were searched in addition to grey literature and hand searching of selected journals for quantitative and qualitative studies on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724822/sequential-and-differential-interaction-of-assembly-factors-during-nitrogenase-mofe-protein-maturation
#2
Emilio Jimenez-Vicente, Zhi-Yong Yang, W Keith Ray, Carlos Echavarri-Erasun, Valerie L Cash, Luis M Rubio, Lance C Seefeldt, Dennis R Dean
Nitrogenases reduce atmospheric nitrogen, yielding the basic inorganic molecule ammonia. The nitrogenase MoFe protein contains two cofactors, a [7Fe-9S-Mo-Chomocitrate] active-site species, designated FeMo-cofactor, and a [8Fe-7S] electron-transfer mediator called P-cluster. Both cofactors are essential for molybdenum-dependent nitrogenase catalysis in the nitrogen-fixing bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii We show here that three proteins, NafH, NifW, and NifZ, copurify with MoFe protein produced by an A. vinelandii strain deficient in both FeMo-cofactor formation and P-cluster maturation...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686539/costs-and-cost-efficiency-of-a-mobile-cash-transfer-to-prevent-child-undernutrition-during-the-lean-season-in-burkina-faso-a-mixed-methods-analysis-from-the-mam-out-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Chloe Puett, Cécile Salpéteur, Freddy Houngbe, Karen Martínez, Dieynaba S N'Diaye, Audrey Tonguet-Papucci
Background: This study assessed the costs and cost-efficiency of a mobile cash transfer implemented in Tapoa Province, Burkina Faso in the MAM'Out randomized controlled trial from June 2013 to December 2014, using mixed methods and taking a societal perspective by including costs to implementing partners and beneficiary households. Methods: Data were collected via interviews with implementing staff from the humanitarian agency and the private partner delivering the mobile money, focus group discussions with beneficiaries, and review of accounting databases...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475057/evaluation-of-cash-transfer-programs-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-methodological-review
#4
Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Andre M N Renzaho, Ben J Smith
Cash transfer programs (CTs) have been rigorously evaluated since their inception in the 1990s. However, to date, there has been no study critically examining the utility of the methodological approaches used to evaluate CTs. This article reviews the approaches used to evaluate CTs in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to provide recommendations for improving future CTs evaluations. We conducted searches for CTs evaluation studies in SSA in the peer-reviewed and grey literature using electronic databases, hand searching of selected journals, organisational websites, Google Scholar and Scirus Internet search engines...
February 14, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315633/preferential-adsorption-of-flavonoids-from-peanut-shell-by-amino-modified-fe-3-o-4-nanoparticles-mnp-nh-2
#5
Xuexiao Cao, Meng Wang, Lili Sun, Xiaoliang Ren, Gaosheng Pei
BACKGROUND: The highly selective capture of individual components of complex systems such as Chinese medicine extracts is a great challenge. With the rapid development of nanoscience, magnetic materials have attracted increased attention as suitable candidates for use in drug transport vehicles. RESULTS: In this work, amino-modified Fe3 O4 nanoparticles (MNP-NH2 ) have been synthesized and successfully used to selectively isolate luteolin, a type of flavonoid, from peanut shell, coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139110/unconditional-cash-transfers-for-reducing-poverty-and-vulnerabilities-effect-on-use-of-health-services-and-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
REVIEW
Frank Pega, Sze Yan Liu, Stefan Walter, Roman Pabayo, Ruhi Saith, Stefan K Lhachimi
BACKGROUND: Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs; provided without obligation) for reducing poverty and vulnerabilities (e.g. orphanhood, old age or HIV infection) are a type of social protection intervention that addresses a key social determinant of health (income) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The relative effectiveness of UCTs compared with conditional cash transfers (CCTs; provided so long as the recipient engages in prescribed behaviours such as using a health service or attending school) is unknown...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067149/the-impact-of-rifaximin-%C3%AE-on-the-hospital-resource-use-associated-with-the-management-of-patients-with-hepatic-encephalopathy-a-retrospective-observational-study-impress
#7
Mark Hudson, Amr Radwan, Paola Di Maggio, Riccardo Cipelli, Stephen D Ryder, John F Dillon, William Jonathan Cash, Robert T Przemioslo, Mark Wright, Debbie L Shawcross, Rajiv Jalan, Sushma Saksena, Michael Allison, Paul Richardson, Elizabeth Farrington, Richard J Aspinall
OBJECTIVE: To compare all-cause and liver-related hospital resource use in the 6 and 12 months pre-rifaximin-α and post-rifaximin-α initiation in UK patients with hepatic encephalopathy (HE). DESIGN: A UK multicentre, retrospective, observational study. Patients' medical records were reviewed for demographics, clinical outcomes and adverse events (AEs) to rifaximin-α. Details of hospital admissions/attendances in the 6 and 12 months pre-rifaximin-α and post-rifaximin-α initiation were extracted from hospital electronic databases...
October 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021009/optimizing-the-use-of-discharge-medication-lists-in-nursing-facilities
#8
Andrea C Backes, Patricia Cash, Jessica Jordan
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the need to optimize the use of discharge medication lists in nursing facilities. SETTING: In January 2014, the care transitions (CT) pharmacists at Frederick Memorial Hospital, Frederick, Maryland, began a pilot project in which they identified and followed high-risk patients transitioning from hospital to nursing facility and from nursing facility to home. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: This pilot project served as a needs assessment to identify opportunities to improve patients' transition from nursing facility to home with the goal of reducing hospital readmissions...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988167/financial-incentives-to-discontinue-long-term-benzodiazepine-use-a-discrete-choice-experiment-investigating-patient-preferences-and-willingness-to-participate
#9
Joachim Marti, Marcus Bachhuber, Jordyn Feingold, David Meads, Michael Richards, Sean Hennessy
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the acceptability of financial incentives for initiating a medically supervised benzodiazepine discontinuation programme among people with long-term benzodiazepine use and to identify programme features that influence willingness to participate. METHODS: We conducted a discrete choice experiment in which we presented a variety of incentive-based programs to a sample of older adults with long-term benzodiazepine use identified using the outpatient electronic health record of a university-owned health system...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934080/could-ebt-machines-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-purchases-at-new-york-city-green-carts
#10
Andrew Breck, Kamila Kiszko, Olivia Martinez, Courtney Abrams, Brian Elbel
INTRODUCTION: Residents of some low-income neighborhoods have limited access to fresh fruits and vegetables. In 2008, New York City issued new mobile fruit and vegetable cart licenses for neighborhoods with inadequate availability of fresh produce. Some of these carts were equipped with electronic benefit transfer (EBT) machines, allowing them to accept Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits. This article examines the association between type and quantities of fruits and vegetables purchased from mobile fruit and vegetable vendors and consumer characteristics, including payment method...
September 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859650/conditional-cash-transfers-and-the-creation-of-equal-opportunities-of-health-for-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Rebeca Carmo de Souza Cruz, Leides Barroso Azevedo de Moura, Joaquim José Soares Neto
INTRODUCTION: Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs) have been largely used in the world during the past decades, since they are known for enhancing children's human development and promoting social inclusion for the most deprived groups. In other words, CCTs seek to create life chances for children to overcome poverty and exclusion, thus reducing inequality of opportunity. The main goal of the present article is to identify studies capable of showing if CCTs create equality of opportunity in health for children in low and middle-income countries...
August 31, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841102/association-of-burnout-with-workforce-reducing-factors-among-ems-professionals
#12
Remle P Crowe, Julie K Bower, Rebecca E Cash, Ashish R Panchal, Severo A Rodriguez, Susan E Olivo-Marston
OBJECTIVES: Emergency medical services (EMS) professionals often work long hours at multiple jobs and endure frequent exposure to traumatic events. The stressors inherent to the prehospital setting may increase the likelihood of experiencing burnout and lead providers to exit the profession, representing a serious workforce and public health concern. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of burnout, identify characteristics associated with experiencing burnout, and quantify its relationship with factors that negatively impact EMS workforce stability, namely sickness absence and turnover intentions...
March 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613121/experiences-in-running-a-complex-electronic-data-capture-system-using-mobile-phones-in-a-large-scale-population-trial-in-southern-nepal
#13
Sarah Style, B James Beard, Helen Harris-Fry, Aman Sengupta, Sonali Jha, Bhim P Shrestha, Anjana Rai, Vikas Paudel, Meelan Thondoo, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brannstrom, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello, Naomi M Saville
The increasing availability and capabilities of mobile phones make them a feasible means of data collection. Electronic Data Capture (EDC) systems have been used widely for public health monitoring and surveillance activities, but documentation of their use in complicated research studies requiring multiple systems is limited. This paper shares our experiences of designing and implementing a complex multi-component EDC system for a community-based four-armed cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial in the rural plains of Nepal, to help other researchers planning to use EDC for complex studies in low-income settings...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411821/electrochemical-discrimination-of-mints-the-last-chinese-emperors-kuang-hs%C3%A3-and-hs%C3%A3-an-t-ung-monetary-unification
#14
Antonio Doménech-Carbó, María Teresa Doménech-Carbó, Elena Montagna, Carla Álvarez-Romero, Yu Lee
An electrochemical methodology for discriminating monetary emissions, a recurrent problem in much archaeological studies, is introduced. The method is based on the record of voltammetric signatures of cuprite and tenorite corrosion products in the patina using a minimally invasive nanosampling following the voltammetry of immobilized particles methodology. A model for the depth variation of voltammetric electrochemical parameters characterizing the composition of the corrosion patinas is presented. This model permits to rationalize electrochemical data and discriminate different monetary emissions...
July 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117703/euro-banknote-recognition-system-for-blind-people
#15
Larisa Dunai Dunai, Mónica Chillarón Pérez, Guillermo Peris-Fajarnés, Ismael Lengua Lengua
This paper presents the development of a portable system with the aim of allowing blind people to detect and recognize Euro banknotes. The developed device is based on a Raspberry Pi electronic instrument and a Raspberry Pi camera, Pi NoIR (No Infrared filter) dotted with additional infrared light, which is embedded into a pair of sunglasses that permit blind and visually impaired people to independently handle Euro banknotes, especially when receiving their cash back when shopping. The banknote detection is based on the modified Viola and Jones algorithms, while the banknote value recognition relies on the Speed Up Robust Features (SURF) technique...
January 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109419/improving-nutrition-by-limiting-choice-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#16
EDITORIAL
Jacob A Klerman, Ann M Collins, Lauren E W Olsho
In contrast to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) currently allows the purchase of almost any food. This paper reconsiders the role of two forms of limiting choice in SNAP. Using economic theory, descriptive analysis of survey data, and discussion of random assignment evaluation evidence from the Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer for Children Demonstration, the paper argues that because households can substitute cash for SNAP, banning the use of SNAP for less nutritionally desirable foods (e...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109411/the-challenge-in-improving-the-diets-of-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-recipients-a-historical-commentary
#17
EDITORIAL
Barry M Popkin
This paper provides a historical background for the current nutrition issues faced by the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). The Food Stamp Program evolved into SNAP during a period when U.S. diets, particularly those of the poor, became less healthful. During the 1960s, the U.S. (Kennedy-Johnson era) addressed malnutrition first with a pilot project focused on retail sales and cash food stamps, which showed that low-income consumers purchased relatively healthy foods for a fairly high-quality diet...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899638/structure-and-folding-of-the-tetrahymena-telomerase-rna-pseudoknot
#18
Darian D Cash, Juli Feigon
Telomerase maintains telomere length at the ends of linear chromosomes using an integral telomerase RNA (TER) and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT). An essential part of TER is the template/pseudoknot domain (t/PK) which includes the template, for adding telomeric repeats, template boundary element (TBE), and pseudoknot, enclosed in a circle by stem 1. The Tetrahymena telomerase holoenzyme catalytic core (p65-TER-TERT) was recently modeled in our 9 Å resolution cryo-electron microscopy map by fitting protein and TER domains, including a solution NMR structure of the Tetrahymena pseudoknot...
January 9, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760412/anterior-temporal-lobectomy-for-older-adults-with-mesial-temporal-sclerosis
#19
Lidia M V R Moura, Emad N Eskandar, Mursal Hassan, Joel Salinas, Andrew J Cole, Daniel B Hoch, Sydney S Cash, John Hsu
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative seizure-free survival between older and younger adults. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 107 temporal lobe epilepsy patients with a diagnosis of mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) received anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) between 1993 and 2014. We divided the lower three quartiles (younger) and top quartile (older, all 47+ years) of patients, then reviewed patient registry and electronic medical records to determine time to first self-reported seizure after ATL, the primary outcome (mean=3...
November 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754135/os-26-04-targeting-care-gaps-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-quality-improvement-project-utilizing-emr-hypertension-dashboards-and-a-chronic-disease-coordinator
#20
Daniel Ngui, Michael J H Qiu, Michael Mann
OBJECTIVE: In order to address the systematic and practice management issues associated with managing hypertension, we undertook a quality improvement project at a multi-physician clinic in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. We piloted an evidence-based electronic medical record (EMR) hypertension management dashboard based on the 2014 Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP) guideline recommendations. Since June 1, 2015, our chronic disease coordinator utilized our EMR HTN Dashboard to generate patient recalls, create physician reminders and to enhance internal clinic referrals to provide 1:1 patient hypertension self-management education by physicians and our clinical pharmacist team...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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