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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920270/think-like-a-hacker-insights-on-the-latest-attack-vectors-and-security-controls-for-medical-device-applications
#1
Mandeep Khera
Ready or not, the Internet of things (IoT) is here. No longer just a buzz term, it'll continue to grow at an unprecedented pace over the next few years expecting to reach over 25 billion connected devices by 2020. History shows us that most fast growth technology solutions focus on solving business problems first and security is an afterthought. Unfortunately, IoT is following the same trend. Most IoT devices, apps, and infrastructure were developed without security in mind and are likely going to become targets of hackers...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918437/managing-the-quality-of-experience-in-the-multimedia-internet-of-things-a-layered-based-approach
#2
Alessandro Floris, Luigi Atzori
This paper addresses the issue of evaluating the Quality of Experience (QoE) for Internet of Things (IoT) applications, with particular attention to the case where multimedia content is involved. A layered IoT architecture is firstly analyzed to understand which QoE influence factors have to be considered in relevant application scenarios. We then introduce the concept of Multimedia IoT (MIoT) and define a layered QoE model aimed at evaluating and combining the contributions of each influence factor to estimate the overall QoE in MIoT applications...
December 2, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918424/optimized-energy-harvesting-cluster-head-selection-and-channel-allocation-for-iots-in-smart-cities
#3
Saleem Aslam, Najam Ul Hasan, Ju Wook Jang, Kyung-Geun Lee
This paper highlights three critical aspects of the internet of things (IoTs), namely (1) energy efficiency, (2) energy balancing and (3) quality of service (QoS) and presents three novel schemes for addressing these aspects. For energy efficiency, a novel radio frequency (RF) energy-harvesting scheme is presented in which each IoT device is associated with the best possible RF source in order to maximize the overall energy that the IoT devices harvest. For energy balancing, the IoT devices in close proximity are clustered together and then an IoT device with the highest residual energy is selected as a cluster head (CH) on a rotational basis...
December 2, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916962/lightweight-sensor-authentication-scheme-for-energy-efficiency-in-ubiquitous-computing-environments
#4
Jaeseung Lee, Yunsick Sung, Jong Hyuk Park
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the intelligent technologies and services that mutually communicate information between humans and devices or between Internet-based devices. In IoT environments, various device information is collected from the user for intelligent technologies and services that control the devices. Recently, wireless sensor networks based on IoT environments are being used in sectors as diverse as medicine, the military, and commerce. Specifically, sensor techniques that collect relevant area data via mini-sensors after distributing smart dust in inaccessible areas like forests or military zones have been embraced as the future of information technology...
December 1, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916929/a-framework-to-implement-iot-network-performance-modelling-techniques-for-network-solution-selection
#5
Declan T Delaney, Gregory M P O'Hare
No single network solution for Internet of Things (IoT) networks can provide the required level of Quality of Service (QoS) for all applications in all environments. This leads to an increasing number of solutions created to fit particular scenarios. Given the increasing number and complexity of solutions available, it becomes difficult for an application developer to choose the solution which is best suited for an application. This article introduces a framework which autonomously chooses the best solution for the application given the current deployed environment...
December 1, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916841/market-model-for-resource-allocation-in-emerging-sensor-networks-with-reinforcement-learning
#6
Yue Zhang, Bin Song, Ying Zhang, Xiaojiang Du, Mohsen Guizani
Emerging sensor networks (ESNs) are an inevitable trend with the development of the Internet of Things (IoT), and intend to connect almost every intelligent device. Therefore, it is critical to study resource allocation in such an environment, due to the concern of efficiency, especially when resources are limited. By viewing ESNs as multi-agent environments, we model them with an agent-based modelling (ABM) method and deal with resource allocation problems with market models, after describing users' patterns...
November 29, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886091/a-testbed-to-evaluate-the-fiware-based-iot-platform-in-the-domain-of-precision-agriculture
#7
Ramón Martínez, Juan Ángel Pastor, Bárbara Álvarez, Andrés Iborra
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) represent one of the most promising technologies for precision farming. Over the next few years, a significant increase in the use of such systems on commercial farms is expected. WSNs present a number of problems, regarding scalability, interoperability, communications, connectivity with databases and data processing. Different Internet of Things middleware is appearing to overcome these challenges. This paper checks whether one of these middleware, FIWARE, is suitable for the development of agricultural applications...
November 23, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886087/state-of-the-art-trends-and-future-of-bluetooth-low-energy-near-field-communication-and-visible-light-communication-in-the-development-of-smart-cities
#8
REVIEW
Gonzalo Cerruela García, Irene Luque Ruiz, Miguel Ángel Gómez-Nieto
The current social impact of new technologies has produced major changes in all areas of society, creating the concept of a smart city supported by an electronic infrastructure, telecommunications and information technology. This paper presents a review of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), Near Field Communication (NFC) and Visible Light Communication (VLC) and their use and influence within different areas of the development of the smart city. The document also presents a review of Big Data Solutions for the management of information and the extraction of knowledge in an environment where things are connected by an "Internet of Things" (IoT) network...
November 23, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886069/co-creating-the-cities-of-the-future
#9
Verónica Gutiérrez, Evangelos Theodoridis, Georgios Mylonas, Fengrui Shi, Usman Adeel, Luis Diez, Dimitrios Amaxilatis, Johnny Choque, Guillem Camprodom, Julie McCann, Luis Muñoz
In recent years, the evolution of urban environments, jointly with the progress of the Information and Communication sector, have enabled the rapid adoption of new solutions that contribute to the growth in popularity of Smart Cities. Currently, the majority of the world population lives in cities encouraging different stakeholders within these innovative ecosystems to seek new solutions guaranteeing the sustainability and efficiency of such complex environments. In this work, it is discussed how the experimentation with IoT technologies and other data sources form the cities can be utilized to co-create in the OrganiCity project, where key actors like citizens, researchers and other stakeholders shape smart city services and applications in a collaborative fashion...
November 23, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886016/an-internet-of-things-platform-architecture-for-supporting-ambient-assisted-living-environments
#10
Charalampos Tsirmpas, Ioannis Kouris, Athanasios Anastasiou, Kostas Giokas, Dimitra Iliopoulou, Dimitris Koutsouris
Internet of Things (IoT) is the logical further development of today's Internet, enabling a huge amount of devices to communicate, compute, sense and act. IoT sensors placed in Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) environments, enable the context awareness and allow the support of the elderly in their daily routines, ultimately allowing an independent and safe lifestyle. The vast amount of data that are generated and exchanged between the IoT nodes require innovative context modeling approaches that go beyond currently used models...
November 18, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879688/ieee-802-11ah-a-technology-to-face-the-iot-challenge
#11
Victor Baños-Gonzalez, M Shahwaiz Afaqui, Elena Lopez-Aguilera, Eduard Garcia-Villegas
Since the conception of the Internet of things (IoT), a large number of promising applications and technologies have been developed, which will change different aspects in our daily life. This paper explores the key characteristics of the forthcoming IEEE 802.11ah specification. This future IEEE 802.11 standard aims to amend the IEEE 802.11 legacy specification to support IoT requirements. We present a thorough evaluation of the foregoing amendment in comparison to the most notable IEEE 802.11 standards. In addition, we expose the capabilities of future IEEE 802...
November 22, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845673/a-hybrid-data-compression-scheme-for-power-reduction-in-wireless-sensors-for-iot
#12
Chacko John Deepu, Chun-Huat Heng, Yong Lian
This paper presents a novel data compression and transmission scheme for power reduction in Internet-of-Things (IoT) enabled wireless sensors. In the proposed scheme, data is compressed with both lossy and lossless techniques, so as to enable hybrid transmission mode, support adaptive data rate selection and save power in wireless transmission. Applying the method to electrocardiogram (ECG), the data is first compressed using a lossy compression technique with a high compression ratio (CR). The residual error between the original data and the decompressed lossy data is preserved using entropy coding, enabling a lossless restoration of the original data when required...
November 7, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834862/internet-of-things-platform-for-smart-farming-experiences-and-lessons-learnt
#13
Prem Prakash Jayaraman, Ali Yavari, Dimitrios Georgakopoulos, Ahsan Morshed, Arkady Zaslavsky
Improving farm productivity is essential for increasing farm profitability and meeting the rapidly growing demand for food that is fuelled by rapid population growth across the world. Farm productivity can be increased by understanding and forecasting crop performance in a variety of environmental conditions. Crop recommendation is currently based on data collected in field-based agricultural studies that capture crop performance under a variety of conditions (e.g., soil quality and environmental conditions)...
November 9, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834796/a-harmonized-perspective-on-transportation-management-in-smart-cities-the-novel-iot-driven-environment-for-road-traffic-modeling
#14
Pavel Masek, Jan Masek, Petr Frantik, Radek Fujdiak, Aleksandr Ometov, Jiri Hosek, Sergey Andreev, Petr Mlynek, Jiri Misurec
The unprecedented growth of today's cities together with increased population mobility are fueling the avalanche in the numbers of vehicles on the roads. This development led to the new challenges for the traffic management, including the mitigation of road congestion, accidents, and air pollution. Over the last decade, researchers have been focusing their efforts on leveraging the recent advances in sensing, communications, and dynamic adaptive technologies to prepare the deployed road traffic management systems (TMS) for resolving these important challenges in future smart cities...
November 8, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830237/will-mhealth-revolutionize-health-and-clinical-management-and-open-up-new-horizons-for-mental-health
#15
E Conchon, N Bricon-Souf
OBJECTIVES: To summarize recent research and emerging trends in the field of Health and Clinical management and propose a selection of best papers for year 2015. METHODS: A literature review has been conducted by the two section editors and computerized provider order entry systems from bibliographic databases regards to health clinical management. As a result, a list of 15 candidate papers has been elaborated and a peer-reviewed has been performed by external reviewers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827931/a-methodological-approach-for-assessing-amplified-reflection-distributed-denial-of-service-on-the-internet-of-things
#16
João José Costa Gondim, Robson de Oliveira Albuquerque, Anderson Clayton Alves Nascimento, Luis Javier García Villalba, Tai-Hoon Kim
Concerns about security on Internet of Things (IoT) cover data privacy and integrity, access control, and availability. IoT abuse in distributed denial of service attacks is a major issue, as typical IoT devices' limited computing, communications, and power resources are prioritized in implementing functionality rather than security features. Incidents involving attacks have been reported, but without clear characterization and evaluation of threats and impacts. The main purpose of this work is to methodically assess the possible impacts of a specific class-amplified reflection distributed denial of service attacks (AR-DDoS)-against IoT...
November 4, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827909/an-arrival-and-departure-time-predictor-for-scheduling-communication-in-opportunistic-iot
#17
Riccardo Pozza, Stylianos Georgoulas, Klaus Moessner, Michele Nati, Alexander Gluhak, Srdjan Krco
In this article, an Arrival and Departure Time Predictor (ADTP) for scheduling communication in opportunistic Internet of Things (IoT) is presented. The proposed algorithm learns about temporal patterns of encounters between IoT devices and predicts future arrival and departure times, therefore future contact durations. By relying on such predictions, a neighbour discovery scheduler is proposed, capable of jointly optimizing discovery latency and power consumption in order to maximize communication time when contacts are expected with high probability and, at the same time, saving power when contacts are expected with low probability...
November 4, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827851/complex-iot-systems-as-enablers-for-smart-homes-in-a-smart-city-vision
#18
Per Lynggaard, Knud Erik Skouby
The world is entering a new era, where Internet-of-Things (IoT), smart homes, and smart cities will play an important role in meeting the so-called big challenges. In the near future, it is foreseen that the majority of the world's population will live their lives in smart homes and in smart cities. To deal with these challenges, to support a sustainable urban development, and to improve the quality of life for citizens, a multi-disciplinary approach is needed. It seems evident, however, that a new, advanced Information and Communications Technology ICT infrastructure is a key feature to realize the "smart" vision...
November 2, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809218/a-reference-model-for-monitoring-iot-wsn-based-applications
#19
Juan Vicente Capella, José Carlos Campelo, Alberto Bonastre, Rafael Ors
The Internet of Things (IoT) is, at this moment, one of the most promising technologies that has arisen for decades. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are one of the main pillars for many IoT applications, insofar as they require to obtain context-awareness information. The bibliography shows many difficulties in their real implementation that have prevented its massive deployment. Additionally, in IoT environments where data producers and data consumers are not directly related, compatibility and certification issues become fundamental...
October 30, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796840/an-iot-cloud-based-wearable-ecg-monitoring-system-for-smart-healthcare
#20
Zhe Yang, Qihao Zhou, Lei Lei, Kan Zheng, Wei Xiang
Public healthcare has been paid an increasing attention given the exponential growth human population and medical expenses. It is well known that an effective health monitoring system can detect abnormalities of health conditions in time and make diagnoses according to the gleaned data. As a vital approach to diagnose heart diseases, ECG monitoring is widely studied and applied. However, nearly all existing portable ECG monitoring systems cannot work without a mobile application, which is responsible for data collection and display...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
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