keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

all-cause mortality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352693/the-association-between-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-albuminuria-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-hospitalizations-and-all-cause-mortality-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Gregory A Nichols, Anouk Déruaz-Luyet, Sibylle J Hauske, Kimberly G Brodovicz
AIMS: We evaluated the simultaneous effects of all clinically recognized categories of albuminuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal observational study of 16,678 type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. From the first serum creatinine value from 2006 to 2012 and a urine-albumin creatinine ratio (UACR) recorded within 6months, we applied baseline Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) categories of eGFR and albuminuria...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352655/legume-consumption-and-risk-of-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-cancer-mortality-in-the-predimed-study
#2
Christopher Papandreou, Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Mònica Bulló, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Fernando Arós, Helmut Schroder, Montserrat Fitó, Lluís Serra-Majem, José Lapetra, Miquel Fiol, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Jose V Sorli, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Limited prospective studies have examined the association between legumes consumption and mortality, whereas scarce, if at all, previous studies have evaluated such associations taking into consideration specific grain legumes. We aimed to investigate the association between total legumes consumption and grain legumes species (dry beans, chickpeas, lentils, and fresh peas) with all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer and other-cause mortality among elderly Mediterranean individuals at high CVD risk...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352598/who-consultation-on-etec-and-shigella-burden-of-disease-geneva-6-7th-april-2017-meeting-report
#3
Divya Hosangadi, Peter G Smith, David C Kaslow, Birgitte K Giersing
According to the 2015 Global Burden of Disease Study, diarrhea ranked ninth among causes of death for all ages, and fourth among children under 5 years old, accounting for an estimated 499,000 deaths in this young age group. It was also the second most common cause of years lived with disability (2.39 billion YLDs). The goal of the WHO/UNICEF Integrated Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD) is to reduce deaths from diarrhea in children under 5 years of age to less than 1 per 1000 live births, by 2025...
January 15, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351960/the-impact-of-diabetes-on-breast-cancer-treatments-and-outcomes-a-population-based-study
#4
Iliana C Lega, Peter C Austin, Hadas D Fischer, Kinwah Fung, Monika K Krzyzanowska, Eitan Amir, Lorraine L Lipscombe
OBJECTIVE: Women with breast cancer and diabetes face worse outcomes than those with breast cancer without diabetes; however, the contribution of comorbidity to these disparities remains unclear. We evaluated the impact of diabetes on receipt of cancer treatments as well as mortality while accounting for other comorbidities. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Ontario administrative databases were used to compare the rate of receipt of breast cancer treatments between women with and without diabetes...
January 19, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351637/prospective-multicenter-assessment-of-all-cause-mortality-following-surgery-for-adult-cervical-deformity
#5
Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Han Jo Kim, Peter Passias, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Renaud Lafage, Gregory M Mundis, Eric Klineberg, Virginie Lafage, Frank J Schwab, Justin K Scheer, Emily Miller, Michael Kelly, D Kojo Hamilton, Munish Gupta, Vedat Deviren, Richard Hostin, Todd Albert, K Daniel Riew, Robert Hart, Doug Burton, Shay Bess, Christopher P Ames
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatments for adult cervical spinal deformity (ACSD) are often complex and have high complication rates. OBJECTIVE: To assess all-cause mortality following ACSD surgery. METHODS: ACSD patients presenting for surgical treatment were identified from a prospectively collected multicenter database. Clinical and surgical parameters and all-cause mortality were assessed. RESULTS: Of 123 ACSD patients, 120 (98%) had complete baseline data (mean age, 60...
January 17, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351331/the-association-between-previous-and-future-severe-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-updating-the-literature-using-robust-statistical-methodology
#6
Mohsen Sadatsafavi, Hui Xie, Mahyar Etminan, Kate Johnson, J Mark FitzGerald
BACKGROUND: There is minimal evidence on the extent to which the occurrence of a severe acute exacerbation of COPD that results in hospitalization affects the subsequent disease course. Previous studies on this topic did not generate causally-interpretable estimates. Our aim was to use corrected methodology to update previously reported estimates of the associations between previous and future exacerbations in these patients. METHODS: Using administrative health data in British Columbia, Canada (1997-2012), we constructed a cohort of patients with at least one severe exacerbation, defined as an episode of inpatient care with the main diagnosis of COPD based on international classification of diseases (ICD) codes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351323/fire-forbids-fifty-fifty-forest
#7
Egbert H van Nes, Arie Staal, Stijn Hantson, Milena Holmgren, Salvador Pueyo, Rafael E Bernardi, Bernardo M Flores, Chi Xu, Marten Scheffer
Recent studies have interpreted patterns of remotely sensed tree cover as evidence that forest with intermediate tree cover might be unstable in the tropics, as it will tip into either a closed forest or a more open savanna state. Here we show that across all continents the frequency of wildfires rises sharply as tree cover falls below ~40%. Using a simple empirical model, we hypothesize that the steepness of this pattern causes intermediate tree cover (30‒60%) to be unstable for a broad range of assumptions on tree growth and fire-driven mortality...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351318/invasive-bacterial-disease-trends-and-characterization-of-group-b-streptococcal-isolates-among-young-infants-in-southern-mozambique-2001-2015
#8
Betuel Sigaúque, Miwako Kobayashi, Delfino Vubil, Ariel Nhacolo, Alberto Chaúque, Benild Moaine, Sérgio Massora, Inácio Mandomando, Tacilta Nhampossa, Quique Bassat, Fabiana Pimenta, Clara Menéndez, Maria da Gloria Carvalho, Eusebio Macete, Stephanie J Schrag
BACKGROUND: Maternal group B streptococcal (GBS) vaccines under development hold promise to prevent GBS disease in young infants. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest estimated disease burden, although data on incidence and circulating strains are limited. We described invasive bacterial disease (IBD) trends among infants <90 days in rural Mozambique during 2001-2015, with a focus on GBS epidemiology and strain characteristics. METHODS: Community-level birth and mortality data were obtained from Manhiça's demographic surveillance system...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351155/inpatient-outcomes-for-gastrointestinal-bleeding-associated-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#9
George Cholankeril, Menghan Hu, Rosann Cholankeril, Muhammad A Khan, Chiran Gadiparthi, Eric R Yoo, Ryan B Perumpail, Satheesh Nair, Colin W Howden
GOALS: The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of inpatient outcomes of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) related to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: With all-cause mortality increasing in patients undergoing PCIs, outcomes for GIB associated with PCI may be adversely impacted. STUDY: Using the National Inpatient Sample (2007 to 2012), we performed a nested case-control study assessing inpatient outcomes including incidence and mortality for PCI-related GIB hospitalizations...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351008/delay-to-colectomy-and-survival-for-patients-diagnosed-with-colon-cancer
#10
Sanjay P Bagaria, Michael G Heckman, Nancy N Diehl, Alexander Parker, Nabil Wasif
BACKGROUND: A long wait-time for colectomy for colon cancer should theoretically affect survival but, to date, the association between delay to colectomy and survival remains unresolved. METHODS: We studied 4,685 patients who underwent a colectomy for colon cancer between 1990 and 2012. Wait-time was defined as the number of days between diagnosis and colectomy. Cox regression models were used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all-cause mortality...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350753/impact-of-relaxation-of-the-one-child-policy-on-maternal-mortality-in-guangzhou-china
#11
Wen Sun, Shiliang Liu, Fang He, Lili Du, Yanfang Guo, Darine El-Chaar, Shi Wu Wen, Dunjin Chen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the one-child policy in China on maternal mortality. METHODS: The present retrospective study included maternal death data from Guangdong, China, from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2015; data from 2013 were excluded because they were not available. Maternal deaths were divided into legal and illegal pregnancies based on adherence to the one-child policy. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) was compared between the groups, temporal trends in the MMR were examined, and comparisons were made of the causes of death and access to maternity care...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350671/visits-for-alcohol-related-problems-in-a-large-urban-emergency-department-results-of-a-15-year-survey
#12
Ivan Comelli, Giuseppe Lippi, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Gianni Turcato, Gianfranco Cervellin
Alcohol abuse is associated with a high burden of morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, definitive epidemiological data on alcohol-related visits in the emergency department (ED) is substantially lacking. This study was aimed to analyze the epidemiological patterns and temporal trends of alcohol-related visits in the local ED, and assessing the healthcare burden of cases needing hospital admission. All patients visited for alcohol-related problems between the years 2002-2016 were anonymously identified from the hospital database...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350512/electronic-health-record-problem-lists-accurate-enough-for-risk-adjustment
#13
Timothy J Daskivich, Garen Abedi, Sherrie H Kaplan, Douglas Skarecky, Thomas Ahlering, Brennan Spiegel, Mark S Litwin, Sheldon Greenfield
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether comorbidity information derived from electronic health record (EHR) problem lists is accurate. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of 1596 men diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1998 and 2004 at 2 Southern California Veterans Affairs Medical Centers with long-term follow-up. METHODS: We compared EHR problem list-based comorbidity assessment with manual review of EHR free-text notes in terms of sensitivity and specificity for identification of major comorbidities and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) scores...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350422/potency-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-chicken-and-japanese-quail-embryos
#14
Cynthia D Franci, Angelika Aleksieva, Emily Boulanger, Jonas Brandenburg, Theresa Johnston, Asya Malinova, Jessica A Head
Birds are receptors of concern for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and yet limited data describing the relative potency of PAH congeners are available for avian species. Here, we determine embryonic LD50 values for 5 PAH congeners in chicken (Gallus gallus) and one PAH congener in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Graded concentrations of each test compound were injected into the air cell of chicken or quail eggs before incubation. Embryos were monitored through development (quail) or hatching (chicken)...
January 19, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350385/impact-of-previous-cardiac-surgery-with-sternotomy-on-clinical-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-for-severe-aortic-stenosis
#15
Tomasz Tokarek, Artur Dziewierz, Maciej Bagienski, Lukasz Rzeszutko, Danuta Sorysz, Pawel Kleczynski, Dariusz Dudek
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has evolved as effective treatment in patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) and increased operative risk. Data on the influence of previous sternotomy on the risk of TAVI are limited. AIM: We sought to investigate the impact of previous cardiac surgery with sternotomy on clinical outcomes and quality of life (QoL) after TAVI. METHODS: A total of 148 consecutive patients with symptomatic, severe AS who underwent TAVI were included...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350382/risk-factors-for-adverse-outcomes-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-single-center-experience-in-long-term-follow-up-of-treated-patients
#16
Marcin Grabowski, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Grzegorz Opolski, Renata Główczyńska, Monika Gawałko, Paweł Balsam, Andrzej Cacko, Zenon Huczek, Grzegorz Karpiński, Robert Kowalik, Franciszek Majstrak, Janusz Kochman
BACKGROUND: For patients experiencing an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), a crucial time to assess their prognosis and future management is at discharge from hospital. AIM: To identify patients' risk factors of mortality during post-discharge period following an ACS hospitalization. METHODS: We studied 672 consecutive ACS patients hospitalized and discharged alive between 2002 and 2004. The analysis was done in respect of the type of ACS, i...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350369/analyses-of-combat-related-injuries-to-the-maxillofacial-and-cervical-regions-and-experiences-in-an-operational-field-hospital
#17
Mehmet Burak Aşık, Sinan Akay, Sami Eksert
BACKGROUND: With the changing conditions of war, maxillofacial injuries are observed more frequently. Particularly in urban areas, high-energy explosive devices (HEEDs), such as improvised explosive devices, are often used alongside long-barreled weapons (LBWs). It is important to use trauma scoring systems and a multidisciplinary approach for medically and accurately responding to the trauma patient in a timely manner. This study aimed to compare the Military Combat Injury Scale (MCIS) and Military Functional Incapacity Scale (MFIS) between injuries sustained by LBWs or HEEDs and to share experiences of an operational field hospital...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350366/health-results-of-a-coup-attempt-evaluation-of-all-patients-admitted-to-hospitals-in-istanbul-due-to-injuries-sustained-during-the-july-15-2016-coup-attempt
#18
İsmail Tayfur, Mustafa Ahmet Afacan, Mehmet Özgür Erdoğan, Şahin Çolak, Özgür Söğüt, Burcu Genç Yavuz, Korkut Bozan
BACKGROUND: A coup attempt against the government took place in Turkey on July 15, 2016. This attempt caused serious injuries and deaths in the country. In this study, the data of patients referred to all hospitals in Istanbul during the attempt were evaluated, and differences between natural disasters, other terrorist actions, and coup attempts were analyzed. METHODS: In total, 1104 patients were injured in the abovementioned coup attempt. In this study, the demographic and health information of 882 coup victims who were admitted to all hospitals (state and private) in Istanbul on July 15 and 16, 2016 and registered at the Crisis Center of Istanbul Provincial Health Directorate was analyzed...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350254/sacubitril-valsartan-for-heart-failure-with-reduced-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-a%C3%A2-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
R De Vecchis, C Ariano, G Di Biase, M Noutsias
BACKGROUND: The combination drug sacubitril/valsartan was reported to be superior to enalapril in reducing all-cause death, cardiovascular mortality, and heart failure (HF) hospitalizations in patients with cardiac insufficiency and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFREF) with NYHA class II-IV. METHODS: Our retrospective cohort study aimed to assess the effects of sacubitril/valsartan in addition to a beta-blocker and mineral receptor antagonist (MRA) in a group of HFREF patients with NYHA class II-III HF vs...
January 19, 2018: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350253/direct-transfer-of-stemi-patients-to-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory-prognostic-relevance-for-in-hospital-mortality
#20
M Ali, S A Lange, T Wittlinger, G Lehnert, S Behrend, B Ziadeh, K Ali, S Sakellaropoulos, G Ganchev, A G Rigopoulos, M Noutsias
BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of acute myocardial infarction and in-hospital mortality after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has declined substantially in countries that have established primary percutaneous coronary interventions (pPCI) over the past two decades, coronary artery disease remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We aimed to examine whether the direct transfer of STEMI patients to the cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) had a prognostic effect on in-hospital mortality in patients who underwent pPCI after STEMI...
January 19, 2018: Herz
keyword
keyword
64650
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"