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Virus and cance

Katsuyuki Murai, Naomi Kakushima, Takashi Sugino, Masao Yoshida, Noboru Kawata, Masaki Tanaka, Kohei Takizawa, Koji Muramatu, Kimihide Kusafuka, Etsuro Bando, Hiroyuki Ono
Epstein-Barr virus-associated gastric cancer (EBV-GC) accounts for approximately 8% of gastric cancers. However, little is known regarding intramucosal EBV-GC. The present study aimed to evaluate endoscopic and clinicopathological characteristics of intramucosal EBV-GC. Pathological data of 172 patients with 173 intramucosal gastric cancers who received gastrectomy with lymph node dissection were obtained for review. EBV-encoded small RNA in situ hybridization (EBER-ISH) was performed using tissue microarray block...
May 5, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Torsten Schaller, Lorenzo Bulli, Darja Pollpeter, Gilberto Betancor, Juliane Kutzner, Luis Apolonia, Nikolas Herold, Robin Burk, Michael H Malim
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection of dividing and nondividing cells involves regulatory interactions with the nuclear pore complex (NPC), followed by translocation to the nucleus and preferential integration into genomic areas in proximity to the inner nuclear membrane (INM). To identify host proteins that may contribute to these processes, we performed an overexpression screen of known membrane-associated NE proteins. We found that the integral transmembrane proteins SUN1/UNC84A and SUN2/UNC84B are potent or modest inhibitors of HIV-1 infection, respectively, and that suppression corresponds to defects in the accumulation of viral cDNA in the nucleus...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
C Tison-Chambellan, E Cheuret, C Cances, C Karsenty, C Le Camus, A Sevely, Y Chaix
The literature reports that neurological complications of childhood respiratory diseases due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) fluctuate between 1 and 40% of cases. They mostly involve central apnea - often the first symptom of infection - anoxia, and ischemic brain damage due to severe sudden weakness in infants, and seizures and consciousness disorders more or less associated with focalized neurological deficiency proving an encephalitis lesion. We report the case of brainstem encephalitis in a 7-year-old boy with RSV A nasopharyngitis, with meningitis, positive polymerase chain reaction in cerebrospinal fluid and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities, which was explained by viral replication encephalitis...
June 2013: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Romana Hadravová, Alex de Marco, Pavel Ulbrich, Jitka Stokrová, Michal Dolezal, Iva Pichová, Tomás Ruml, John A G Briggs, Michaela Rumlová
Immature retroviral particles are assembled by self-association of the structural polyprotein precursor Gag. During maturation the Gag polyprotein is proteolytically cleaved, yielding mature structural proteins, matrix (MA), capsid (CA), and nucleocapsid (NC), that reassemble into a mature viral particle. Proteolytic cleavage causes the N terminus of CA to fold back to form a β-hairpin, anchored by an internal salt bridge between the N-terminal proline and the inner aspartate. Using an in vitro assembly system of capsid-nucleocapsid protein (CANC), we studied the formation of virus-like particles (VLP) of a gammaretrovirus, the xenotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV)-related virus (XMRV)...
February 2012: Journal of Virology
Haeok Lee, Hie-Won Hann, Jin Hyang Yang, Jacqueline Fawcett
Chronic viral hepatitis B and C infection is three to five times more frequent than HIV in the USA, and chronically infected people are at risk for long-term sequelae including cirrhosis, liver decomposition, and hepatocellular carcinoma (Institute of Medicine, 2010). Socio-cultural factors are central to the way an individual constructs hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, perceives it as serious health problem, and moves on to appropriate health behavior (Lee et al., J Canc Educ 25:337-342, 2010; Kim, J Health Care Poor Underserved 5:170-182, 2004; Lee et al...
September 2011: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Pavel Macek, Josef Chmelík, Ivana Krízová, Pavel Kaderávek, Petr Padrta, Lukás Zídek, Marcela Wildová, Romana Hadravová, Radka Chaloupková, Iva Pichová, Tomás Ruml, Michaela Rumlová, Vladimír Sklenár
The high-resolution structure of the N-terminal domain (NTD) of the retroviral capsid protein (CA) of Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (M-PMV), a member of the betaretrovirus family, has been determined by NMR. The M-PMV NTD CA structure is similar to the other retroviral capsid structures and is characterized by a six alpha-helix bundle and an N-terminal beta-hairpin, stabilized by an interaction of highly conserved residues, Pro1 and Asp57. Since the role of the beta-hairpin has been shown to be critical for formation of infectious viral core, we also investigated the functional role of M-PMV beta-hairpin in two mutants (i...
September 11, 2009: Journal of Molecular Biology
Laurent Alric, Nassim Kamar, Delphine Bonnet, Marie Danjoux, Florence Abravanel, Valérie Lauwers-Cances, Lionel Rostaing
To assess the accuracy of the noninvasive tools, fibrotest (FT) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) for assessing liver fibrosis in kidney-transplant patients with chronic hepatitis virus B (HBV) or C (HCV) infection. Thirty-eight consecutive kidney-transplant patients with HCV (n = 26) or HBV (n = 12) underwent liver biopsies followed by a FT and LSM. Liver biopsies gave the following fibrosis-grade distribution using METAVIR scores: F0/F1, n = 10 (26.9%); F2, n = 14 (36.8%), F3, n = 7 (18.42%); F4, n = 7 (18...
May 2009: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Yu G Kuznetsov, P Ulbrich, S Haubova, T Ruml, A McPherson
Particles of DeltaProCANC, a fusion of capsid (CA) and nucleocapsid (NC) protein of Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (M-PMV), which lacks the amino terminal proline, were reassembled in vitro and visualized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The particles, of 83-84 nm diameter, exhibited ordered domains based on trigonal arrays of prominent rings with center to center distances of 8.7 nm. Imperfect closure of the lattice on the spherical surface was affected by formation of discontinuities. The lattice is consistent only with plane group p3 where one molecule is shared between contiguous rings...
April 10, 2007: Virology
Pavel Ulbrich, Sarka Haubova, Milan V Nermut, Eric Hunter, Michaela Rumlova, Tomas Ruml
In contrast to other retroviruses, Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (M-PMV) assembles immature capsids in the cytoplasm. We have compared the ability of minimal assembly-competent domains from M-PMV and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) to assemble in vitro into virus-like particles in the presence and absence of nucleic acids. A fusion protein comprised of the capsid and nucleocapsid domains of Gag (CANC) and its N-terminally modified mutant (DeltaProCANC) were used to mimic the assembly of the viral core and immature particles, respectively...
July 2006: Journal of Virology
Maxime Cournot, André Glibert, Fabienne Castel, François Druart, Kamran Imani, Valérie Lauwers-Cances, Thierry Morin
OBJECTIVE: Recent guidelines on the management of patients chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection recommend the same anti-HCV therapy for active intravenous drug users and other patients, however some physicians are reluctant to treat active drug users. The aim of this study was to compare hepatitis C management practices and clinical outcome after treatment between active intravenous drug users and other patients. METHODS: Four hundred and thirty-five naive HCV seropositive patients were recruited from 1990 to 2000 and followed up for a mean period of 2...
June 2004: Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique
G Zuber, J McDermott, S Karanjia, W Zhao, M F Schmid, E Barklis
Retrovirus Gag precursor (PrGag) proteins direct the assembly of roughly spherical immature virus particles, while after proteolytic processing events, the Gag capsid (CA) and nucleocapsid (NC) domains condense on viral RNAs to form mature retrovirus core structures. To investigate the process of retroviral morphogenesis, we examined the properties of histidine-tagged (His-tagged) Moloney murine leukemia (M-MuLV) capsid plus nucleocapsid (CANC) (His-MoCANC) proteins in vitro. The His-MoCANC proteins bound RNA, possessed nucleic acid-annealing activities, and assembled into strand, circle (or sphere), and tube forms in the presence of RNA...
August 2000: Journal of Virology
J L Payen, J Izopet, V Galindo-Migeot, V Lauwers-Cances, J P Zarski, J M Seigneurin, E Dussaix, J J Voigt, J Selves, K Barange, J Puel, J P Pascal
We studied the efficacy of three interferon alfa-2b (IFN-2b) regimens for the retreatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) with prior complete response followed by relapse. Consecutive patients with CHC who had a complete biochemical response but relapse after a first course of 6 months of IFN with 3 million units (MU) given subcutaneously three times per week were enrolled in the study. Six to 24 months after the end of the first treatment, the patients were randomly assigned to receive IFN with either the same regimen (group 1), a regimen of 12 months with 3 MU (group 2), or a regimen of 6 months with 10 MU (group 3)...
December 1998: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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