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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101793/substance-use-disorders-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-dangerous-but-understudied-combination
#1
REVIEW
Kimberly N Walter, Julie A Wagner, Eda Cengiz, William V Tamborlane, Nancy M Petry
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper reviews research on substance use and disorders (SUDs) among adults with diabetes. It describes epidemiological data on SUDs in persons with type 2 diabetes, overviews effects of substance use on diabetes outcomes, and discusses treatments for SUDs in patients with diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Rates of current smoking range from 10 to 26% and alcohol use disorders are 0-5%. Rates of illicit SUDs are 3-4%, but there are no population-based studies using nationally representative samples...
January 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051021/behavioral-analysis-of-chinese-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-on-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose
#2
Zhao-Yi Qin, Jin-Hua Yan, Dai-Zhi Yang, Hong-Rong Deng, Bin Yao, Jian-Ping Weng
BACKGROUND: The information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model of health behavior is an effective tool to evaluate the behavior of diabetes self-management. The purpose of this study was to explore behavioral factors affecting the practice of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) within the frame of IMB model of health behavioral among adult patients with type 1 diabetes in a single diabetes clinic in China. METHODS: A questionnaire with three subscales on SMBG information, motivation, and behavioral skills based on IMB model was developed...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031324/overweight-and-obese-but-not-normal-weight-women-with-pcos-are-at-increased-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#3
M-M E Ollila, S West, S Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, J Jokelainen, J Auvinen, K Puukka, A Ruokonen, M-R Järvelin, J S Tapanainen, S Franks, T T Piltonen, L C Morin-Papunen
STUDY QUESTION: What are the respective roles of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), long-term weight gain and obesity for the development of prediabetes or Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by age 46 years? SUMMARY ANSWER: The risk of T2DM in women with PCOS is mainly due to overweight and obesity, although these two factors have a synergistic effect on the development of T2DM. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PCOS is associated with an increased risk of prediabetes and T2DM...
December 28, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000140/flash-glucose-sensing-technology-as-a-replacement-for-blood-glucose-monitoring-for-the-management-of-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-a-multicenter-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Thomas Haak, Hélène Hanaire, Ramzi Ajjan, Norbert Hermanns, Jean-Pierre Riveline, Gerry Rayman
INTRODUCTION: Glycemic control in participants with insulin-treated diabetes remains challenging. We assessed safety and efficacy of new flash glucose-sensing technology to replace self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). METHODS: This open-label randomized controlled study (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02082184) enrolled adults with type 2 diabetes on intensive insulin therapy from 26 European diabetes centers. Following 2 weeks of blinded sensor wear, 2:1 (intervention/control) randomization (centrally, using biased-coin minimization dependant on study center and insulin administration) was to control (SMBG) or intervention (glucose-sensing technology)...
December 20, 2016: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979791/stigma-and-its-impact-on-glucose-control-among-youth-with-diabetes-protocol-for-a-canada-wide-study
#5
Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Meranda Nakhla, Michael Wright, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Daniele Pacaud, Mélanie Henderson, Elham Rahme, Deborah Da Costa, Kaberi Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: Stigma in chronic disease involves unwarranted rejection, judgement, or exclusion by others based on the chronic disease itself. OBJECTIVE: We aim to determine the prevalence of stigma among youth and young adults with type 1 diabetes in Canada, to assess associations between stigma and glycemic control, and to explore ways to address stigma related to type 1 diabetes. METHODS: The study includes 3 distinct phases: (1) refinement of survey questions, (2) assessment of test-retest reliability, and (3) a data collection and analysis phase (online survey and mailed-in capillary blood sample to assess hemoglobin A1c)...
December 15, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957410/community-to-clinic-navigation-to-improve-diabetes-outcomes
#6
Nancy E Schoenberg, Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Mary Kate Greenwood
Rural residents experience rates of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) that are considerably higher than their urban or suburban counterparts. Two primary modifiable factors, self-management and formal clinical management, have potential to greatly improve diabetes outcomes. "Community to Clinic Navigation to Improve Diabetes Outcomes," is the first known randomized clinical trial pilot study to test a hybrid model of diabetes self-management education plus clinical navigation among rural residents with T2DM. Forty-one adults with T2DM were recruited from two federally qualified health centers in rural Appalachia from November 2014-January 2015...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865961/lifetime-depression-and-anxiety-increase-prevalent-psychological-symptoms-and-worsen-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-the-fremantle-diabetes-study-phase-ii
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S R Whitworth, D G Bruce, S E Starkstein, W A Davis, T M E Davis, R S Bucks
AIMS: To determine the contribution of lifetime major depressive disorder (L-MDD) and lifetime generalized anxiety disorder (L-GAD) to current psychological symptom severity, health behaviour and glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: 1285 community-dwelling people with type 2 diabetes (Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase-II; FDS2) completed the PHQ-9 and Brief Life-Time Depression Scale (BLDS) to assess current and past MDD. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GADS) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-Lifetime (GAD-LT), designed for FDS2, assessed current and past anxiety...
December 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862497/can-follow-up-phone-calls-improve-patients-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose
#8
Cheryl Brown-Deacon, Terri Brown, Constance Creech, Marilyn McFarland, Anupama Nair, Kevin Whitlow
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of follow-up phone calls in improving frequency of glucose monitoring over a three month period in two groups of patients with type 2 diabetes with the goal to lower haemoglobin A1C. BACKGROUND: Telephone intervention has been successfully used in improving adherence to diabetes self-management and other chronic disease conditions. DESIGN: A quality improvement study. METHODS: Forty one Type 2 diabetic patients with HA1C ≥7·5% were included in the study...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861583/t2dm-self-management-via-smartphone-applications-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Mingxuan Cui, Xueyan Wu, Jiangfeng Mao, Xi Wang, Min Nie
BACKGROUND: Mobile health interventions (mHealth) based on smartphone applications (apps) are promising tools to help improve diabetes care and self-management; however, more evidence on the efficacy of mHealth in diabetes care is needed. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of mHealth apps on changes in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), blood glucose, blood pressure, serum lipids, and body weight in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788459/the-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-people-with-alcohol-use-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-large-scale-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Mats Hallgren, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Dirk Monsieur, Brendon Stubbs
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is highly predictive of cardiovascular diseases and is associated with worse quality of life and increased healthcare utilisation. The current meta-analysis aimed to (i) describe the pooled prevalence of T2DM in people with alcohol use disorders (AUDs), (ii) investigate the impact of demographic, clinical and treatment factors, and (iii) compare T2DM prevalences in AUDs versus the general population. The trim and fill adjusted pooled T2DM prevalence among 3998 people with AUDs (age range 34...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788032/the-use-of-mobile-applications-among-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-results-from-diabetes-miles-youth-australia
#11
Steven Trawley, Jessica L Browne, Virginia L Hagger, Christel Hendrieckx, Elizabeth Holmes-Truscott, Frans Pouwer, Timothy C Skinner, Jane Speight
BACKGROUND: The use of mobile applications ("apps") for diabetes management is a rapidly developing area and has relevance to adolescents who tend to be early technology adopters. Apps may be useful for supporting self-management or connecting young people with type 1 diabetes (T1D) with their peers. However, outside controlled trials testing the effectiveness of apps, little is known about app usage in this population. Our aim was to explore app usage among adolescents with T1D. METHODS: Diabetes MILES Youth-Australia is a national, online cross-sectional survey focused on behavioral and psychosocial aspects relevant to adolescents with T1D...
December 2016: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764979/budget-impact-of-treating-commercially-insured-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-the-united-states-with-insulin-degludec-compared-to-insulin-glargine
#12
James Weatherall, Lisa Bloudek, Sarah Buchs
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the annual budget impact if all US commercially insured type 1 diabetes mellitus patients on basal-bolus therapy (T1DMBBT), type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on basal-oral therapy (T2DMBOT), and type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on basal-bolus therapy (T2DMBBT) switched from insulin glargine (IGlar) to insulin degludec (IDeg). METHODS: A short-term (1 year) budget impact model was developed to evaluate the costs of IDeg vs. IGlar in three treatment groups (T1DMBBT, insulin-naïve T2DMBOT, and T2DMBBT) through a simulation for a potential US health plan population of 35 million...
February 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758706/self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-eastern-nigeria-need-for-multi-strategic-interventions
#13
Ejiofor T Ugwu, Casmir Jg Orjioke, Ekenechukwu E Young
BACKGROUND: Self monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is a useful adjunct to lifestyle modification and medications for optimal management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). This study was aimed at evaluating the practice, cost and associations of SMBG in subjects with type 2 DM in Enugu, Nigeria. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey conducted at the diabetes clinic in three hospitals, 366 type 2 diabetic subjects aged 18-65 years were consecutively interviewed. Socio-demographic and clinical information were documented and glycated hemoglobin was performed for all the participants...
October 14, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747955/an-evaluation-of-diabetes-targeted-apps-for-android-smartphone-in-relation-to-behaviour-change-techniques
#14
C D Hoppe, J E Cade, M Carter
BACKGROUND: Mobile applications (apps) could support diabetes management through dietary, weight and blood glucose self-monitoring, as well as by promoting behaviour change. The present study aimed to evaluate diabetes apps for content, functions and behaviour change techniques (BCTs). METHODS: Diabetes self-management apps for Android smartphones were searched for on the Google Play Store. Ten apps each from the following search terms were included; 'diabetes', 'diabetes type 1', 'diabetes type 2', 'gestational diabetes'...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730074/evaluation-of-accuracy-of-ambulatory-glucose-profile-in-an-outpatient-setting-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
Anjana Hulse, Suahma Rai, K M Prasanna Kumar
BACKGROUND: In children with type 1 diabetes, intensive diabetes management has been demonstrated to reduce long-term microvascular complications. At present, self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) by patients at home and glycated hemoglobin estimation every 3 months are used to monitor glycemic control in children. Recently, ambulatory glucose profile (AGP) is increasingly being used to study the glycemic patterns in adults. However, accuracy and reliability of AGP in children have not been evaluated yet...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712713/adherence-to-self-care-behaviors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-role-of-risk-preferences
#16
Tzahit Simon-Tuval, Amir Shmueli, Ilana Harman-Boehm
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the degree of risk aversion is associated with adherence to disease self-management among adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of patients with type 2 diabetes (n = 408) aged 21 to 70 years who presented for routine visits in the diabetes clinic at a university medical center in Beer-Sheva, Israel. The authors used validated questionnaires to estimate adherence, risk preferences, motivation, self-efficacy, impulsivity, perceptions about the disease and the interpersonal process of care, and demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, in addition to retrieving data from computerized patient medical records of clinical indicators of disease severity...
September 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669747/assessment-of-three-fasting-plasma-glucose-targets-for-insulin-glargine-based-therapy-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-china-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Wenying Yang, Zhaojun Yang, Jing Zhao, Hai Lu, Tianhong Luo
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of patients with T2DM in China do not meet accepted HbA1c targets despite the availability of guidelines that describe a treatment pathway for achieving glycemic control. The aim of this study is to identify the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) target that will provide the highest control rate of HbA1c <7 % in Chinese patients with T2DM treated with an insulin glargine-based regimen as an adjunct to an established OAD regimen. This information will support improvements in diabetes care management in China...
September 26, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659518/positive-parenting-for-healthy-living-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-type-1-diabetes-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Aditi Lohan, Amy E Mitchell, Ania Filus, Kate Sofronoff, Alina Morawska
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes is a serious, life-long condition which causes major health, social and economic burden for children, their families and the community. Diabetes management involves strict adherence to a complex regimen, and poor management and non-adherence are a persistent problem among children. Parent-child interactions and parenting have been identified as crucial points of intervention to support children's health and emotional well-being, yet few parenting interventions have been developed or evaluated for parents of young children...
September 22, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641781/continuous-glucose-monitoring-for-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-and-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycaemia-in-control-a-randomised-open-label-crossover-trial
#19
Cornelis A J van Beers, J Hans DeVries, Susanne J Kleijer, Mark M Smits, Petronella H Geelhoed-Duijvestijn, Mark H H Kramer, Michaela Diamant, Frank J Snoek, Erik H Serné
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 1 diabetes who have impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia have a three to six times increased risk of severe hypoglycaemia. We aimed to assess whether continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) improves glycaemia and prevents severe hypoglycaemia compared with self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) in this high-risk population. METHODS: We did a randomised, open-label, crossover trial (IN CONTROL) at two medical centres in the Netherlands...
November 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638542/lifestyle-and-risk-factor-management-in-people-at-high-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-report-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology-european-action-on-secondary-and-primary-prevention-by-intervention-to-reduce-events-euroaspire-iv-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Kornelia Kotseva, Dirk De Bacquer, Guy De Backer, Lars Rydén, Catriona Jennings, Viveca Gyberg, Ana Abreu, Carlos Aguiar, Almudena C Conde, Kairat Davletov, Mirza Dilic, Maryna Dolzhenko, Dan Gaita, Borislav Georgiev, Nina Gotcheva, Nebojsa Lalic, Aleksandras Laucevicius, Dragan Lovic, Silvia Mancas, Davor Miličić, Raphael Oganov, Andrzej Pajak, Nana Pogosova, Željko Reiner, Dusko Vulic, David Wood, The Euroaspire Investigators
BACKGROUND: European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) IV in primary care was a cross-sectional survey carried out by the European Society of Cardiology, EURObservational Research Programme in 2014-2015 in 71 centres from 14 European countries. The main objective was to determine whether the 2012 Joint European Societies' guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in people at high CVD risk have been followed in clinical practice...
September 16, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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