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Glucose self management diabetes 2

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331169/the-introduction-of-simple-cardiorespiratory-fitness-testing-in-overweight-obese-type-2-diabetics-a-pilot-study
#1
Ľubica Cibičková, David Karásek, Jiří Lukeš, Norbert Cibiček
BACKGROUND: Low level of cardiorespiratory fitness has been recognized as an important independent and modifiable risk factor of increased morbidity and mortality. However, in standard outpatient settings, patients are not routinely screened for fitness and advantages of such testing for the management of type 2 diabetes have not been defined. Aim To describe the toleration of a fast, simple and practicable fitness test (2-min step-in-place test) by overweight/obese type 2 diabetics and their performance indicated by 2-min step-in-place test score (STS)...
January 14, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283609/-miscarried-helping-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-helping-for-health-inventory-couples
#2
Rika Tanaka, Paula M Trief, Kasandra Scales, Ruth S Weinstock
OBJECTIVE: Family-partner support has been associated with better blood glucose control, self-care adherence, and quality of life in adult patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2D). "Miscarried helping" has described interactions between youth with chronic diseases and their family members, in which a family member is helpful, but efforts are perceived as negative by the patient. Miscarried helping has not, however, been measured in adults with diabetes, which was the purpose of our study. METHOD: Data from a randomized clinical trial (n = 268) were analyzed to establish the psychometric properties and correlates of an adaptation of a measure of miscarried helping developed in pediatric populations, for use with adults with T2D...
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277103/digital-diabetes-management-application-improves-glycemic-outcomes-in-people-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#3
Reid Offringa, Tong Sheng, Linda Parks, Mark Clements, David Kerr, Michael S Greenfield
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a chronic condition that requires constant self-management. As a consequence, several software platforms have been developed to facilitate the tracking of diabetes data to improve diabetes management. Our aim was to determine the real-world glycemic benefits of a mobile diabetes management platform used by individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Mobile platform-using (n = 899) and control (n = 900) participants meeting specific minimum data criteria were randomly selected from a database of diabetes users...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273897/impact-of-flash-glucose-monitoring-on-hypoglycaemia-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-managed-with-multiple-daily-injection-therapy-a-pre-specified-subgroup-analysis-of-the-impact-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Per Oskarsson, Ramiro Antuna, Petronella Geelhoed-Duijvestijn, Jens Krӧger, Raimund Weitgasser, Jan Bolinder
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Evidence for the effectiveness of interstitial glucose monitoring in individuals with type 1 diabetes using multiple daily injection (MDI) therapy is limited. In this pre-specified subgroup analysis of the Novel Glucose-Sensing Technology and Hypoglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes: a Multicentre, Non-masked, Randomised Controlled Trial' (IMPACT), we assessed the impact of flash glucose technology on hypoglycaemia compared with capillary glucose monitoring. METHODS: This multicentre, prospective, non-masked, RCT enrolled adults from 23 European diabetes centres...
December 23, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228048/trends-in-the-management-levels-of-metabolic-risk-factors-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1998-2014
#5
Sukyung Cho, Haeun Jang, Kyong Park
The present study examined the temporal trends in the management of blood pressure, glucose, and lipid levels among middle-aged and elderly patients with type 2 diabetes using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2014). A total of 3,689 patients with diabetes were included and divided into middle-aged (30-64 years old) and elderly (≥65 years old) groups. Demographic and lifestyle data were obtained using a self-reported questionnaire, and trained medical staff obtained fasting blood samples and blood pressure data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225891/evaluation-of-a-type-2-diabetes-prevention-program-using-a-commercial-weight-management-provider-for-non-diabetic-hyperglycemic-patients-referred-by-primary-care-in-the-uk
#6
Carolyn Piper, Agnes Marossy, Zoe Griffiths, Amanda Adegboye
Objectives: To determine if a diabetes prevention program (DPP) delivered by a commercial weight management provider using a UK primary care referral pathway could reduce the progression to type 2 diabetes (T2D) in those diagnosed with non-diabetic hyperglycemia (NDH-being at high risk of developing T2D). Research design: This is a quasi-experimental translational research study. Methods: 14 primary care practices identified, recruited and referred patients with NDH (fasting plasma glucose ≥5...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222997/-that-wasn-t-really-a-place-to-worry-about-diabetes-housing-access-and-diabetes-self-management-among-low-income-adults
#7
Danya E Keene, Monica Guo, Sascha Murillo
Lack of affordable housing access represents a significant and growing problem for low-income households in the United States and these housing challenges may present barriers to the management of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes. In this qualitative study, we examined how both housing challenges and housing resources shaped diabetes self-management behaviors. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 40 low-income residents of one US city, New Haven, Connecticut, who had a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and either resided in or qualified for subsidized housing...
January 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212598/the-association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adolescents
#8
Yoon-Sook Kim, Jeong Hae Hwang, Mi Ryeong Song
PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the demographic characteristics associated with vitamin D deficiency, as well as the association between vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome, among Korean adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study involved 2314 adolescents aged 12-18years. Participant data were extracted from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between January 2010 and December 2014. A logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the association between vitamin D and metabolic syndrome...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193795/lower-mean-blood-glucose-during-short-term-intensive-insulin-therapy-is-associated-with-long-term-glycemic-remission-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-evidence-based-recommendations-for-standardization
#9
Liehua Liu, Juan Liu, Lijuan Xu, Weijian Ke, Xuesi Wan, Hai Li, Xiaoying He, Liangjiao Wang, Xiaopei Cao, Haipeng Xiao, Yanbing Li
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Optimal glycemic targets during short-term intensive insulin therapy in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes were not standardized. This study is performed to determine the optimal glycemic targets during the therapy by analyzing the impacts of glucose levels on therapeutic outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nighty-five subjects with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes were enrolled. Short-term intensive insulin therapy was carried out using insulin pump to achieve and maintain glycemic targets (FBG< 6...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193388/the-associations-of-illness-perception-with-metabolic-control-hba1c-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-a-district-hospital
#10
Soik Fun Lee, Xin Rou Teh, Louise Santana Malar, Su Ling Ong, Rita Pauline James
OBJECTIVES: Despite the availability of a wide selection of anti-diabetic treatments, many type 2 DM (T2DM) patients still do not have controlled glucose levels. In addition to pharmacological intervention, patients' own implicit beliefs about their illness should be targeted for health intervention. Thus, we conducted a quantitative study to evaluate the associations between illness perception (IP) domains and metabolic control (HbA1c) of T2DM patients in Selama Hospital and to identify patients' perceptions of the causal T2DM factors...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149912/trial-to-incentivise-adherence-for-diabetes-triad-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Marcel Bilger, Mitesh Shah, Ngiap Chuan Tan, Kaye Louise Howard, Hui Yan Xu, Ecosse Luc Lamoureux, Eric Andrew Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Many people with diabetes have suboptimal glycaemic control due to not being adherent to their treatment regimen. Behavioural economic theory suggests that the lack of adherence results from the disconnect between the timing of when costs and benefits accrue. One strategy to address this discontinuity is to offer patients a near-term benefit, such as a financial reward. Whereas there is evidence that rewards can improve treatment adherence and sometimes health outcomes, further research is needed to determine whether rewards are more effective when targeting processes or intermediary health outcomes...
November 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149618/effectiveness-of-a-patient-centred-empowerment-based-intervention-programme-among-patients-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Li Cheng, Janet W H Sit, Kai-Chow Choi, Sek-Ying Chair, Xiaomei Li, Yuning Wu, Junhong Long, Meihua Tao
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive efforts and advances in evidence-based diabetes management, poor glycaemic control still remains a challenge in many countries. There is a paucity of research addressing the needs of patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, or exploring the effectiveness of empowerment-based interventions in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a patient-centred, empowerment-based programme on glycaemic control and self-management behaviours among patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145583/association-between-the-severity-of-diabetic-retinopathy-and-falls-in-an-asian-population-with-diabetes-the-singapore-epidemiology-of-eye-diseases-study
#13
Preeti Gupta, Amudha Aravindhan, Alfred T L Gan, Ryan E K Man, Eva K Fenwick, Paul Mitchell, Nicholas Tan, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng, Ecosse L Lamoureux
Importance: The presence and severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) may contribute to the risk of falling in persons with diabetes, but evidence is currently equivocal. Objective: To investigate the associations of diabetes and DR severity with the likelihood of falls in a multiethnic Asian population. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional post hoc analysis of the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases study, a population-based study of participants from 3 ethnic groups (3280 Malay, 3400 Indian, and 3353 Chinese individuals) conducted from 2004 to 2011...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144814/self-blood-glucose-monitoring-underestimates-hyperglycemia-and-hypoglycemia-as-compared-to-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#14
Devna Mangrola, Christine Cox, Arianne S Furman, Sridevi Krishnan, Sidika E Karakas
OBJECTIVE: When glucose records from self-blood glucose monitoring (SBGM) do not reflect estimated average glucose from HgBA1, or when patients' clinical symptoms are not explained by their SBGM records, clinical management of diabetes becomes a challenge. Our objective was to determine the magnitude of differences in glucose values reported by SBGM vs. documented by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). METHODS: The CGM was conducted by a clinical diabetes educator/registered nurse by the clinic protocol, using the Medtronic iPRO2™ system...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108139/psychometric-testing-of-the-family-carer-diabetes-management-self-efficacy-scale
#15
Nutchanath Wichit, George Mnatzaganian, Mary Courtney, Paula Schulz, Maree Johnson
The aim of this study was to develop and test the construct and content validity, internal consistency of the Family-Carer Diabetes Management Self-Efficacy Scale (F-DMSES). A sample of 70 Thai individuals who cared for those living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a rural community in Thailand was included in the study. Data were collected by a questionnaire survey in January 2014. The F-DMSES was initially derived from the DMSES, with subsequent forward and backward translations from and to English and Thai languages...
November 6, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092790/self-rated-health-among-american-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-t1d-exchange-clinic-registry
#16
Nada A Abualula, Margaret F Rodan, Renee A Milligan, Kathryn H Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to examine the self-rated health (SRH) of adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: A logistic regression analysis of baseline data from adolescents in the United States included in the T1D Exchange Clinic Registry in 2010-2012 was conducted. Participants were 13-18years old at the time of enrollment in the registry and had been diagnosed with T1D at least one year before enrollment (n=5799). RESULTS: Half (49...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077488/perspectives-on-long-distance-air-travel-with-type-1-diabetes
#17
Jordan E Pinsker, Benjamen E Schoenberg, Colleen Garey, Asher Runion, Arianna Larez, David Kerr
We sought to determine the real-life experiences of individuals traveling long distance (across five or more time-zones) with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Five hundred three members of the T1D Exchange online community ( www.myglu.org ) completed a 45-question survey about their travel experiences flying long distance. The cohort was stratified by duration of T1D and whether or not participants used continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy and/or a continuous glucose monitor (CGM). In the last 5 years, 71% of participants had flown long distance...
October 27, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070797/active-immunization-against-hiapp-oligomers-ameliorates-the-diabetes-associated-phenotype-in-a-transgenic-mice-model
#18
Yaron Bram, Sivan Peled, Sayanti Brahmachari, Michael Harlev, Ehud Gazit
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin tolerance in target cells followed by a reduction of pancreatic β-cell mass. Islet amyloid polypeptide oligomeric assemblies were shown to contribute to β-cell apoptosis by forming discrete pores that destabilize the cellular membrane. We previously characterized α-helical cytotoxic islet amyloid polypeptide oligomers which interact with cell membranes, following a complete internalization that leads to cellular apoptosis. Moreover, antibodies which bind the oligomers and neutralize the cytotoxicity were exclusively identified in the serum of type 2 diabetes patients...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040177/providing-self-management-education-to-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-addressing-basic-nutrition-and-hypoglycemia
#19
Carrie Palmer
NPs and other primary care providers will continue to encounter a growing population of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Helping patients engage in self-care behaviors is essential to achieve blood glucose control and prevent diabetes-related complications. This article explores opportunities to provide education to patients with diabetes mellitus on the important self-care topics of nutrition and hypoglycemia during a primary care visit.
November 16, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033597/reasons-for-discontinuation-of-glp1-receptor-agonists-data-from-a-real-world-cross-sectional-survey-of-physicians-and-their-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Mirko V Sikirica, Alan A Martin, Robert Wood, Andrea Leith, James Piercy, Victoria Higgins
AIM: Nonadherence to glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP1 RAs) is relatively common among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study sought to identify reasons why patients discontinue GLP1 RAs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective data from the Adelphi Diabetes Disease Specific Programme were used. Physicians managing patients with T2DM were surveyed via face-to-face interviews, and patients treated for T2DM were surveyed via self-completed questionnaires...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
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