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Glucose self management diabetes 2

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149912/trial-to-incentivise-adherence-for-diabetes-triad-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Marcel Bilger, Mitesh Shah, Ngiap Chuan Tan, Kaye Louise Howard, Hui Yan Xu, Ecosse Luc Lamoureux, Eric Andrew Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Many people with diabetes have suboptimal glycaemic control due to not being adherent to their treatment regimen. Behavioural economic theory suggests that the lack of adherence results from the disconnect between the timing of when costs and benefits accrue. One strategy to address this discontinuity is to offer patients a near-term benefit, such as a financial reward. Whereas there is evidence that rewards can improve treatment adherence and sometimes health outcomes, further research is needed to determine whether rewards are more effective when targeting processes or intermediary health outcomes...
November 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149618/effectiveness-of-a-patient-centred-empowerment-based-intervention-programme-among-patients-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Li Cheng, Janet W H Sit, Kai-Chow Choi, Sek-Ying Chair, Xiaomei Li, Yuning Wu, Junhong Long, Meihua Tao
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive efforts and advances in evidence-based diabetes management, poor glycaemic control still remains a challenge in many countries. There is a paucity of research addressing the needs of patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, or exploring the effectiveness of empowerment-based interventions in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a patient-centred, empowerment-based programme on glycaemic control and self-management behaviours among patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145583/association-between-the-severity-of-diabetic-retinopathy-and-falls-in-an-asian-population-with-diabetes-the-singapore-epidemiology-of-eye-diseases-study
#3
Preeti Gupta, Amudha Aravindhan, Alfred T L Gan, Ryan E K Man, Eva K Fenwick, Paul Mitchell, Nicholas Tan, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng, Ecosse L Lamoureux
Importance: The presence and severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) may contribute to the risk of falling in persons with diabetes, but evidence is currently equivocal. Objective: To investigate the associations of diabetes and DR severity with the likelihood of falls in a multiethnic Asian population. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional post hoc analysis of the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases study, a population-based study of participants from 3 ethnic groups (3280 Malay, 3400 Indian, and 3353 Chinese individuals) conducted from 2004 to 2011...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144814/self-blood-glucose-monitoring-underestimates-hyperglycemia-and-hypoglycemia-as-compared-to-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#4
Devna Mangrola, Christine Cox, Arianne S Furman, Sridevi Krishnan, Sidika E Karakas
OBJECTIVE: When glucose records from self-blood glucose monitoring (SBGM) do not reflect estimated average glucose from HgBA1, or when patients' clinical symptoms are not explained by their SBGM records, clinical management of diabetes becomes a challenge. Our objective was to determine the magnitude of differences in glucose values reported by SBGM vs. documented by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). METHODS: The CGM was conducted by a clinical diabetes educator/registered nurse by the clinic protocol, using the Medtronic iPRO2™ system...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108139/psychometric-testing-of-the-family-carer-diabetes-management-self-efficacy-scale
#5
Nutchanath Wichit, George Mnatzaganian, Mary Courtney, Paula Schulz, Maree Johnson
The aim of this study was to develop and test the construct and content validity, internal consistency of the Family-Carer Diabetes Management Self-Efficacy Scale (F-DMSES). A sample of 70 Thai individuals who cared for those living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a rural community in Thailand was included in the study. Data were collected by a questionnaire survey in January 2014. The F-DMSES was initially derived from the DMSES, with subsequent forward and backward translations from and to English and Thai languages...
November 6, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092790/self-rated-health-among-american-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-t1d-exchange-clinic-registry
#6
Nada A Abualula, Margaret F Rodan, Renee A Milligan, Kathryn H Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to examine the self-rated health (SRH) of adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: A logistic regression analysis of baseline data from adolescents in the United States included in the T1D Exchange Clinic Registry in 2010-2012 was conducted. Participants were 13-18years old at the time of enrollment in the registry and had been diagnosed with T1D at least one year before enrollment (n=5799). RESULTS: Half (49...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077488/perspectives-on-long-distance-air-travel-with-type-1-diabetes
#7
Jordan E Pinsker, Benjamen E Schoenberg, Colleen Garey, Asher Runion, Arianna Larez, David Kerr
We sought to determine the real-life experiences of individuals traveling long distance (across five or more time-zones) with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Five hundred three members of the T1D Exchange online community ( www.myglu.org ) completed a 45-question survey about their travel experiences flying long distance. The cohort was stratified by duration of T1D and whether or not participants used continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy and/or a continuous glucose monitor (CGM). In the last 5 years, 71% of participants had flown long distance...
October 27, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070797/active-immunization-against-hiapp-oligomers-ameliorates-the-diabetes-associated-phenotype-in-a-transgenic-mice-model
#8
Yaron Bram, Sivan Peled, Sayanti Brahmachari, Michael Harlev, Ehud Gazit
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin tolerance in target cells followed by a reduction of pancreatic β-cell mass. Islet amyloid polypeptide oligomeric assemblies were shown to contribute to β-cell apoptosis by forming discrete pores that destabilize the cellular membrane. We previously characterized α-helical cytotoxic islet amyloid polypeptide oligomers which interact with cell membranes, following a complete internalization that leads to cellular apoptosis. Moreover, antibodies which bind the oligomers and neutralize the cytotoxicity were exclusively identified in the serum of type 2 diabetes patients...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040177/providing-self-management-education-to-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-addressing-basic-nutrition-and-hypoglycemia
#9
Carrie Palmer
NPs and other primary care providers will continue to encounter a growing population of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Helping patients engage in self-care behaviors is essential to achieve blood glucose control and prevent diabetes-related complications. This article explores opportunities to provide education to patients with diabetes mellitus on the important self-care topics of nutrition and hypoglycemia during a primary care visit.
November 16, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033597/reasons-for-discontinuation-of-glp1-receptor-agonists-data-from-a-real-world-cross-sectional-survey-of-physicians-and-their-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Mirko V Sikirica, Alan A Martin, Robert Wood, Andrea Leith, James Piercy, Victoria Higgins
AIM: Nonadherence to glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP1 RAs) is relatively common among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study sought to identify reasons why patients discontinue GLP1 RAs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective data from the Adelphi Diabetes Disease Specific Programme were used. Physicians managing patients with T2DM were surveyed via face-to-face interviews, and patients treated for T2DM were surveyed via self-completed questionnaires...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028442/the-use-of-mobile-applications-among-adults-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-second-miles-australia-miles-2-study
#11
Steven Trawley, Shaira Baptista, Jessica L Browne, Frans Pouwer, Jane Speight
BACKGROUND: While the number of diabetes-specific mobile applications (apps) continues to grow, there is a lack of knowledge about their actual use. METHODS: The second MILES (Management and Impact for Long-term Empowerment and Success)-Australia study was a national cross-sectional survey of the psychological, behavioral, and social aspects of diabetes for adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Associations between diabetes-specific app usage and demographic, clinical, and psychosocial variables were examined...
October 13, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025432/psychometric-properties-of-the-diabetes-self-management-questionnaire-dsmq-in-urdu
#12
Allah Bukhsh, Shaun Wen Huey Lee, Priyia Pusparajah, Andreas Schmitt, Tahir Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: Numerous study tools on diabetes self-care have been introduced; however, most existing tools do not show expectable and meaningful correlations with patients' glycaemic control. The Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire (DSMQ) was designed to appraise self-care activities which can predict glycaemic control outcomes. However, this tool has not been validated in Pakistan. Therefore, the aim of this study was to translate and examine the psychometric properties of the Urdu version of DSMQ among type 2 diabetes patients...
October 12, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993287/effectiveness-of-certified-diabetes-educators-following-pre-approved-protocols-to-redesign-diabetes-care-delivery-in-primary-care-results-of-the-remedies-4d-trial
#13
Janice C Zgibor, Maura A Maloney, Markku Malmi, Anthony Fabio, Shihchen Kuo, Francis X Solano, Debra Tilves, Lichuan Tu, Mayer B Davidson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in HbA1c, blood pressure, and LDLc levels in participants from practices where certified diabetes educators (CDEs) implemented standardized protocols to intensify treatment compared with those receiveing usual care. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This clustered, randomized, clinical trial was implemented in community-based primary care practices. Fifteen primary care practices and 240 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomized to the intervention (n=175) or usual care (n=65)...
October 6, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974460/personal-discovery-in-diabetes-self-management-discovering-cause-and-effect-using-self-monitoring-data
#14
Lena Mamykina, Elizabeth Heitkemper, Arlene M Smaldone, Rita Kukafka, Heather Cole-Lewis, Patricia G Davidson, Elizabeth D Mynatt, Andrea Cassells, Jonathan N Tobin, George Hripcsak
OBJECTIVE: To outline new design directions for informatics solutions that facilitate personal discovery with self-monitoring data. We investigate this question in the context of chronic disease self-management with the focus on type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational qualitative study of discovery with personal data among adults attending a diabetes self-management education (DSME) program that utilized a discovery-based curriculum...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947415/prescribing-of-electronic-activity-monitors-in-cardiometabolic-diseases-qualitative-interview-based-study
#15
Alice Bellicha, Sandrine Macé, Jean-Michel Oppert
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of noncommunicable diseases, including those such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, so-called cardiometabolic diseases, is high and is increasing worldwide. Strong evidence supports the role of physical activity in management of these diseases. There is general consensus that mHealth technology, including electronic activity monitors, can potentially increase physical activity in patients, but their use in clinical settings remains limited...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945141/professional-flash-continuous-glucose-monitoring-as-a-supplement-to-a1c-in-primary-care
#16
Irl B Hirsch
Decreasing glycated hemoglobin (A1C) is the primary goal of current diabetes management due to intervention studies in type 1 and type 2 diabetes associating levels <7.0% (53 mmol/mol) with lower complication risk. Strategic self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is also recommended to achieve greater time in range, with fewer extremes of hypo- or hyperglycemia. Unlike A1C, SMBG can distinguish among fasting, prandial, and postprandial hyperglycemia; uncover glycemic variability, including potentially dangerous hypoglycemia; and provide feedback to patients about the effects of behavior and medication on glycemic control...
October 5, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914815/a-systematic-review-family-support-integrated-with-diabetes-self-management-among-uncontrolled-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#17
REVIEW
Rian Adi Pamungkas, Kanittha Chamroonsawasdi, Paranee Vatanasomboon
The rate of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is dramatically increasing worldwide. Continuing diabetes mellitus (DM) care needs effective self-management education and support for both patients and family members. This study aimed to review and describe the impacts of diabetes mellitus self-management education (DSME) that involve family members on patient outcomes related to patient health behaviors and perceived self-efficacy on self-management such as medication adherence, blood glucose monitoring, diet and exercise changes, health outcomes including psychological well-being and self-efficacy, and physiological markers including body mass index, level of blood pressure, cholesterol level and glycemic control...
September 15, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913822/improved-glycemic-control-in-a-patient-group-performing-7-point-profile-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-and-intensive-data-documentation-an-open-label-multicenter-observational-study
#18
Jochen Sieber, Frank Flacke, Manuela Link, Cornelia Haug, Guido Freckmann
INTRODUCTION: Regular self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is recommended as an integral part of therapy for all patients with diabetes treated with insulin. In the current study, the effects on glycemic control of taking 7-point SMBG profiles and using a diabetes management system (DMA) on a smartphone were investigated. METHODS: In a 12-week, open-label, multicenter, observational study, 51 patients [26 with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and 25 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)] were instructed to perform SMBG at least seven times a day using DMA combined with the iBGStar (®) SMBG system...
October 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882887/cut-points-for-identifying-clinically-significant-diabetes-distress-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-using-the-paid-teen-results-from-diabetes-miles-youth-australia
#19
Virginia Hagger, Christel Hendrieckx, Fergus Cameron, Frans Pouwer, Timothy C Skinner, Jane Speight
OBJECTIVE: To establish cut point(s) for the Problem Areas in Diabetes-Teens (PAID-T) scale to identify adolescents with clinically meaningful, elevated diabetes distress. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were available from the Diabetes Management and Impact for Long-term Empowerment and Success (MILES) Youth-Australia Study, a national survey assessing various psychosocial indicators among self-selected National Diabetes Services Scheme registrants. Participants in the current study (n = 537) were (mean ± SD) 16 ± 2 years old, had type 1 diabetes for 6 ± 4 years, and 62% (n = 334) were girls...
September 7, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875766/postprandial-glucose-and-healthcare-resource-use-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-adults-with-diabetes-treated-with-basal-bolus-insulin
#20
Kathryn M Pfeiffer, Anna Sandberg, Annie Nikolajsen, Meryl Brod
AIMS: Postprandial glucose (PPG) control is a well-known challenge for diabetes management, yet there is limited research on how PPG affects healthcare resource utilization. This study investigated the association between PPG levels and healthcare resource utilization among adults with diabetes treated with basal-bolus insulin. METHODS: A web-based, cross-sectional survey (n = 940) of adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and treated with basal and bolus insulins was conducted in Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
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