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Hepatopathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339702/subclinical-chronic-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-resulting-from-phosphine-poisoning
#1
E Szymczyk, M Wiszniewska, J Walusiak-Skorupa, J D Kasprzak, P Lipiec
We present a case of a 32-year-old male crew member of a cargo ship, accidentally exposed to phosphine, a fumigating substance. He and other crew members developed increasing fatigue and digestive disorders 24 h later; two died from acute pulmonary oedema. The patient was admitted to hospital, where bilateral pneumonia, acute nephritis, hepatopathy, electrolyte imbalance and leucopenia were diagnosed. He was discharged from hospital 3 weeks later. He was examined 4 months later for possible chronic consequences of acute phosphine poisoning, which included echocardiography showing normal heart size and cardiac function...
February 21, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297687/-a-rare-case-of-cerebellar-hemangioblastoma-causing-taste-disorder
#2
Hiroko Nakashiro, Masatou Kawashima, Fumitaka Yoshioka, Yukiko Nakahara, Yukinori Takase, Atsushi Ogata, Shoko Shimokawa, Jun Masuoka, Tatsuya Abe, Toshio Matsushima
Taste(gustation)is one of the five senses, and comprises the types: sweet, bitter, salty, sour, and umami. Taste disorders, such as dysgeusia and parageusia, are classified into 2 types: those with peripheral origin and those with central origin. The peripheral origin-type taste disorder is caused by zinc deficiency, mouth dryness, a side effect of radiotherapy or complication of systemic diseases such as, diabetes, hepatopathy, and nephropathy. The central origin-type taste disorder is reported to be caused due to demyelinating disease, pontine hemorrhage, pontine infarction, and thalamic infarction; it is very rarely caused by a brain tumor...
March 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286566/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-mitochondrial-disorders-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Josef Finsterer, Marlies Frank
Mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) due to respiratory-chain defects or nonrespiratory chain defects are usually multisystem conditions [mitochondrial multiorgan disorder syndrome (MIMODS)] affecting the central nervous system (CNS), peripheral nervous system, eyes, ears, endocrine organs, heart, kidneys, bone marrow, lungs, arteries, and also the intestinal tract. Frequent gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of MIDs include poor appetite, gastroesophageal sphincter dysfunction, constipation, dysphagia, vomiting, gastroparesis, GI pseudo-obstruction, diarrhea, or pancreatitis and hepatopathy...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252627/-clinical-features-of-%C3%A2-metabolism%C3%A2-diseases-of-the-skin-in-patients-with-chronic-diffuse-liver-diseases
#4
O N Pozdnyakova, O B Nemchaninova, S G Lykova, T B Reshetnikova
AIM: To determine the clinical features of skin diseases developing in the presence of metabolic disturbances in patients with chronic diffuse liver diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 368 patients with different clinical forms of hepatopathy were comprehensively examined. RESULTS: 817 cases of seborrhea, skin itch, xerodermia, xanthomatosis, and dyschromia were detected in 318 (86.4%) patients. CONCLUSION: The prevalence and intensity of cutaneous manifestations depended on the nature of the pathological liver process and indirectly testified to its severity and activity...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231488/the-value-of-elastpq-for-the-evaluation-of-liver-stiffness-in-patients-with-b-and-c-chronic-hepatopathies
#5
Ruxandra Mare, Ioan Sporea, Raluca Lupuşoru, Roxana Şirli, Alina Popescu, Mirela Danila, Corina Pienar
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of a point shear wave elastography using ARFI technique - ElastPQ, in patients with B and C chronic hepatopathies, using Transient Elastography (TE) as the reference method, since it is a validated method for liver fibrosis assessment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: the study included 228 consecutive subjects with chronic hepatopathies (26% HBV, 74% HCV) from whom 51% had liver cirrhosis. Liver stiffness (LS) was evaluated in the same session by means of 2 elastographic methods: TE (FibroScan, EchoSens) and ElastPQ (Affinity, Philips) techniques...
February 9, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229316/utility-of-the-elf-test-for-detecting-steatohepatitis-in-morbid-obese-patients-with-suspicion-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#6
Iria Cebreiros López, Florentina Guzmán Aroca, Maria Dolores Frutos Bernal, Juan Antonio Luján Mompeán, Águeda Bas Bernal, Antonio Miguel Hernández Martínez, Enrique Martínez Barba, Jose Antonio Noguera Velasco, Pascual Parilla Paricio
BACKGROUND: Morbid obese patients have a high rate of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH is related to the progression and poor evolution of chronic hepatopathy in NAFLD, so that its detection makes it possible to identify the subjects who are most at risk in order to prioritize treatment. The ELF test (Enhanced Liver Fibrosis test; Siemens Diagnostics, NY, USA) has been assessed for its capacity to detect fibrosis in patients with NAFLD, but its capacity for diagnosing NASH has not been checked...
February 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224373/drug-induced-liver-injury-in-the-setting-of-glycogenic-hepatopathy
#7
Valmiki Maharaj, Matthew Fitz, Xianzdong Ding
Glycogenic hepatopathy (GH) is an underdiagnosed complication of uncontrolled type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). It appears as an acute relapsing hepatitis with reversible transaminase elevations secondary to excessive hepatic glycogen accumulation. Patients are often asymptomatic but can present with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Physical examination shows hepatomegaly without splenomegaly. GH is diagnosed by biopsy as it is clinically indistinguishable from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a more common cause of hepatic dysfunction in diabetics...
February 21, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125040/silymarin-silybin-and-chronic-liver-disease-a-marriage-of-many-years
#8
REVIEW
Alessandro Federico, Marcello Dallio, Carmelina Loguercio
Silymarin is the extract of Silybum marianum, or milk thistle, and its major active compound is silybin, which has a remarkable biological effect. It is used in different liver disorders, particularly chronic liver diseases, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, because of its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic power. Indeed, the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effect of silymarin is oriented towards the reduction of virus-related liver damages through inflammatory cascade softening and immune system modulation...
January 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118556/investigation-into-individual-health-and-exposure-to-infectious-agents-of-platypuses-ornithorhynchus-anatinus-in-two-river-catchments-in-northwest-tasmania
#9
James W Macgregor, Carly S Holyoake, Sarah A Munks, Joanne H Connolly, Ian D Robertson, Patricia A Fleming, Kristin S Warren
Changes in the health of individuals within wildlife populations can be a cause or effect of population declines in wildlife species. Aspects of individual platypus ( Ornithorhynchus anatinus ) health have been reported. However, holistic studies investigating potential synergistic effects of both pathogens and environmental factors are needed to expand understanding of platypus individual health. We collected baseline data on the health of platypuses in two Tasmanian river catchments (including evidence of the potentially fatal fungal disease mucormycosis) and on individual, demographic, geographic, and temporal patterns associated with health data results...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107167/activity-of-the-liver-enzyme-ornithine-carbamoyltransferase-otc-in-blood-lc-ms-ms-assay-for-non-invasive-diagnosis-of-ornithine-carbamoyltransferase-deficiency
#10
Jakub Krijt, Jitka Sokolová, Pavel Ješina, Lenka Dvořáková, Martin Řeboun, Katarína Brennerová, Martin Mistrík, Jiří Zeman, Tomáš Honzík, Viktor Kožich
BACKGROUND: Liver enzymes are released from hepatocytes into circulation and their activity can be measured in the blood. We examined whether the plasma activity of the liver enzyme ornithine carbamoyltransferase, determined by a novel liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay, could be utilized for the detection of OTC deficiency (OTCD), an X-linked inborn error of the urea cycle. METHODS: The plasma ornithine carbamoyltransferase (OTC) activity was assayed in the reverse reaction using isotopically labeled citrulline-d4 as a substrate and by determination of the product, ornithine-d4, by LC-MS/MS analysis...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097681/thromboelastography-in-dogs-with-chronic-hepatopathies
#11
W Fry, C Lester, N M Etedali, S Shaw, A DeLaforcade, C R L Webster
BACKGROUND: The coagulation status of dogs with liver disease is difficult to predict using conventional coagulation testing. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate thromboelastography (TEG) results and associations with conventional coagulation results and indicators of disease severity and prognosis in dogs with chronic hepatopathies (CH). ANIMALS: Twenty-one client-owned dogs. METHODS: Dogs with CH were prospectively (10 dogs) and retrospectively (11 dogs) enrolled from 2008 to 2014...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043933/clinical-biochemical-and-histopathology-features-of-patients-with-glycogenic-hepatopathy
#12
Saurabh Mukewar, Ayush Sharma, Kandace Lackore, Felicity Enders, Michael Torbenson, Patrick S Kamath, Lewis R Roberts, Yogish C Kudva
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Glycogenic hepatopathy, a syndrome characterized by hepatomegaly and increased liver transaminases in patients with type 1 diabetes, has not been well characterized in adults. We describe the clinical, biochemical, and histopathology profile of a cohort of patients with glycogenic hepatopathy. We also examined differences between patients with type 1 diabetes with versus without glycogenic hepatopathy. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of patients with type 1 diabetes diagnosed with glycogenic hepatopathy and patients with type 1 diabetes without glycogenic hepatopathy (control subjects)...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042636/glycogenic-hepatopathy-an-underdiagnosed-cause-of-relapsing-hepatitis-in-uncontrolled-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Ahmed A Al Sarkhy, Zafar A Zaidi, Amir M Babiker
Glycogenic hepatopathy is a rare condition that causes significant hepatomegaly and elevated liver enzyme levels in uncontrolled type 1 diabetic patients. It develops due to excessive accumulation of glycogen in the hepatocytes. It is typically reversible with good glycemic control and rarely progresses to mild fibrosis, but not cirrhosis.
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029208/pulmonary-and-tricuspid-valvuloplasty-in-carcinoid-heart-disease
#14
Ashkan Karimi, Negiin Pourafshar, James C Fudge
A 26-year-old female with carcinoid heart disease consisting of severe pulmonary and tricuspid valve stenosis was admitted with line associated sepsis. She recovered from sepsis with antibiotics and aggressive fluid resuscitation but became grossly volume overloaded with evidence of tense ascites and lower extremity edema. She developed worsening renal and hepatic function due to congestive nephropathy and hepatopathy, which did not respond to intravenous diuretics, and she was deemed too sick for surgical pulmonary and tricuspid valve replacement...
December 28, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019064/novel-antidiabetic-medications-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
REVIEW
Yoshio Sumida, Yuya Seko, Masashi Yoneda
Liver-related diseases are the leading causes of death in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Japan. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is closely associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is the most prevalent chronic liver disease worldwide. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a severe form of NAFLD, can lead to hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatic failure. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis can be called "diabetic hepatopathy". There are no established pharmacotherapies for NAFLD/NASH patients with T2DM...
December 26, 2016: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995467/a-case-of-gastrojejunocolic-fistula-with-steatohepatitis
#16
Teppei Omori, Katsutoshi Tokushige, Fukiko Kinoshita, Ayumi Ito, Makiko Taniai, Mikiko Taneichi, Bunei Iizuka, Michio Itabashi, Yoji Nagashima, Masakazu Yamamoto, Shinichi Nakamura, Etsuko Hashimoto
A man in his 30s, who had undergone retrocolic Billroth II reconstruction for perforated duodenal ulcer, presented with watery diarrhea for 2 years and suspected fatty liver. He was referred to our hospital for management of chronic diarrhea, weight loss, hepatopathy and hypoalbuminemia. Initial upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopies were negative. Since a small bowel lesion was suspected, peroral single-balloon enteroscopy was performed, which identified feces-like residue near the Billroth II anastomotic site and a connection to the colon separate from the afferent and efferent loops...
February 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914828/oleuropein-protects-l-02-cells-against-h2o2-induced-oxidative-stress-by-increasing-sod1-gpx1-and-cat-expression
#17
Ce Shi, Xiangrong Chen, Zuojia Liu, Rizeng Meng, Xingchen Zhao, Zonghui Liu, Na Guo
Oleuropein (OL), a natural phenolic compound, comprises the major constituent of Olea europea leaves and unprocessed olives, and OL is considered to be the principal components that confer the characteristic taste and stability of olive oil. Oxidative damage induced by H2O2 treatment can irreversibly damage the L-02 cells, resulting in cell death and apoptosis. Whether the effects of oxidative stress could be attenuated in cultured human L-02 cells by incubation with OL is still unknown. In this research, the function of OL in protecting human L-02 cells against H2O2 induced cell death and cell apoptosis was investigated, and the mechanism by which OL underlies the effect was also examed...
January 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906428/the-epidemiology-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-its-connection-with-cardiovascular-disease-role-of-endothelial-dysfunction
#18
A Federico, M Dallio, M Masarone, M Persico, C Loguercio
The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is considered a predominant hepatopathy worldwide and a component of metabolic syndrome. It represents a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases, independently of the presence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and obesity. For this reason, nowadays an epidemiological analysis and a research of the causes that correlate non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular pathologies, are extremely useful. There are important epidemiological variations in relation to various geographical areas, and depending on different population groups, the prevalence of this pathology changes...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892863/nutrigenomic-activity-of-plant-derived-compounds-in-health-and-disease-results-of-a-dietary-intervention-study-in-dog
#19
Sandy Sgorlon, Bruno Stefanon, Misa Sandri, Monica Colitti
The study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary administrations of four nutraceuticals in dogs. Seventy four dogs were enrolled in the trials, 24 healthy dogs were fed with a control diet (CT) and the experimental groups received for 60days the same diet supplemented with nutraceuticals, namely Echinacea angustifolia (EA, 0.10mg/kg live weight as echinacoside; 14 dogs), Vaccinium myrtillus (VM, 0.20mg/kg live weight as anthocyanidin, 13 dogs), Curcuma longa (CL, 6.60mg/kg live weight as curcumin, 18 dogs with arthrosis), and Sylibum marianum (SM, 1...
December 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875839/severe-metabolic-acidosis-and-hepatopathy-due-to-leukoencephalopathy-with-thalamus-and-brainstem-involvement-and-high-lactate
#20
Elizabeth A Sellars, Tonya Balmakund, Katherine Bosanko, Brandi L Nichols, Stephen G Kahler, Yuri A Zarate
Leukoencephalopathy with thalamus and brainstem involvement and high lactate (LTBL) is a recently described autosomal recessive mitochondrial disease characterized by early onset of neurological symptoms, a biphasic clinical course, and distinctive neuroimaging. Pathogenic variants in the EARS2 gene that encode for mitochondrial glutamyl-tRNA synthetase are responsible for LTBL. Here, we describe the clinical course of an infant diagnosed with an acute crisis of LTBL and severe liver disease. This article illustrates the utility of blood lactate quantification in addition to basic metabolic testing and brain imaging in a child with low tone and poor growth...
April 2017: Neuropediatrics
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