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Swim body composition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766021/dehydroepiandrosterone-supplementation-combined-with-whole-body-vibration-training-affects-testosterone-level-and-body-composition-in-mice
#1
Wen-Chyuan Chen, Yi-Ming Chen, Chi-Chang Huang, Yen-Dun Tzeng
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), the most abundant sex steroid, is primarily secreted by the adrenal gland and a precursor hormone used by athletes for performance enhancement. Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a well-known light-resistance exercise by automatic adaptations to rapid and repeated oscillations from a vibrating platform, which is also a simple and convenient exercise for older adults. However, the potential effects of DHEA supplementation combined with WBV training on to body composition, exercise performance, and hormone regulation are currently unclear...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632832/assessment-of-body-composition-and-sport-performance-of-brazilian-paralympic-swimming-team-athletes
#2
Radamés Maciel Vítor Medeiros, Eduardo da Silva Alves, Valdir de Aquino Lemos, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Andressa da Silva, Roberto Vital, Alexandre Silva Vieira, Murilo Moreira Barreto, Edilson Alves da Rocha, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello
CONTEXT: Body composition assessments of high-performance athletes are very important for identifying physical performance potential. Although the relationship between the kinanthropometric characteristics and performance abilities of Olympic swimmers is extremely important, this subject is not completely understood for Paralympic swimmers. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between body composition and sport performance in Brazilian Paralympic swimmers 6 months after training...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385543/body-composition-changes-in-an-endurance-athlete-using-two-different-training-strategies
#3
Peter Francis, William Mc Cormack, Aaron Caseley, June Copeman, Gareth Jones
Swimming, running and cycling are among the most popular and fastest growing sports in the world. Inherent in these sports is a desire to favourably alter body composition. Here we report a ~5.4kg and ~5.3kg fat tissue mass (FTM) loss in two separate interventions (12 - 16 weeks), in the same athlete, separated by 5 years. Whole body composition was assessed using dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Dietary analysis for intervention 2 was completed using Mc Cance and Widdowson's composition of foods. In 2010, the male athlete (23 yrs, 85kg, 195cm, 18...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365419/material-properties-of-hagfish-skin-with-insights-into-knotting-behaviors
#4
Andrew J Clark, Callie H Crawford, Brooke D King, Andrew M Demas, Theodore A Uyeno
Hagfishes (Myxinidae) often integrate whole-body knotting movements with jawless biting motions when reducing large marine carcasses to ingestible items. Adaptations for these behaviors include complex arrangements of axial muscles and flexible, elongate bodies without vertebrae. Between the axial muscles and the hagfish skin is a large, blood-filled subcutaneous sinus devoid of the intricate, myoseptal tendon networks characteristic of the taut skins of other fishes. We propose that the loose-fitting skin of the hagfish facilitates the formation and manipulation of body knots, even if it is of little functional significance to steady swimming...
June 2016: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27300590/an-insight-of-disinfection-by-product-dbp-formation-by-alternative-disinfectants-for-swimming-pool-disinfection-under-tropical-conditions
#5
Linyan Yang, Christina Schmalz, Jin Zhou, Christian Zwiener, Victor W-C Chang, Liya Ge, Man Pun Wan
Sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) is the most commonly used disinfectant in pool treatment system. Outdoor pools usually suffer from the strong sunlight irradiation which degrades the free chlorine rapidly. In addition, more pools start to adopt the recirculation of swimming pool water, which intensifies the disinfection by-product (DBP) accumulation issue. Given these potential drawbacks of using NaClO in the tropical environment, two alternative organic-based disinfectants, trichloroisocyanuric acid (TCCA, C3Cl3N3O3) and bromochlorodimethylhydantoin (BCDMH, C5H6BrClN2O2), were investigated and compared to NaClO in terms of their self-degradation and the formation of DBPs, including trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetic acids (HAAs), under simulated tropical climate conditions...
September 15, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042167/critical-evaluation-of-food-intake-and-energy-balance-in-young-modern-pentathlon-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Leticia Azen Alves Coutinho, Cristiana Pedrosa Melo Porto, Anna Paola Trindade Rocha Pierucci
BACKGROUND: Modern pentathlon comprises five sports: fencing, swimming, equestrian jumping, and a combined event of pistol shooting and running. Despite the expected high energy demand of this sport, there are few studies that provide support for the nutritional recommendations for pentathletes. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate young modern pentathlon athletes with respect to body composition, biochemical profile, and consumption of food and supplements. METHODS: Fifty-six young modern pentathletes aged 13...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966319/cold-water-swimming-beneficially-modulates-insulin-sensitivity-in-middle-aged-individuals
#7
Magdalena Gibas-Dorna, Zuzanna Checinska, Emilia Korek, Justyna Kupsz, Anna Sowinska, Hanna Krauss
We determined whether cold water swimming for six consecutive months results in adaptive changes in body composition and insulin sensitivity. Thirty healthy subjects aged 50.2 ± 9.4 years were exposed to cold water at least twice a week. Body composition was determined and serum glucose and insulin served to calculate beta-cell function, insulin sensitivity and resistance using HOMA2. Compared to control subjects, swimmers were overweight, had greater % body fat and beta cell function. Women had lower values of BMI, fat free mass, muscle mass, visceral adipose tissue level and greater % body fat than men...
March 11, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26907336/sake-protein-supplementation-affects-exercise-performance-and-biochemical-profiles-in-power-exercise-trained-mice
#8
Yi-Ming Chen, Che-Li Lin, Li Wei, Yi-Ju Hsu, Kuan-Neng Chen, Chi-Chang Huang, Chin-Hsung Kao
UNLABELLED: Exercise and fitness training programs have attracted the public's attention in recent years. Sports nutrition supplementation is an important issue in the global sports market. PURPOSE: In this study, we designed a power exercise training (PET) program with a mouse model based on a strength and conditional training protocol for humans. We tested the effect of supplementation with functional branched-chain amino acid (BCAA)-rich sake protein (SP) to determine whether the supplement had a synergistic effect during PET and enhanced athletic performance and resistance to fatigue...
February 20, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26841434/intra-individual-variability-in-test-retest-air-displacement-plethysmography-measurements-of-body-density-for-men-and-women
#9
Ann L Gibson, Jenevieve L Roper, Christine M Mermier
Air displacement plethysmography (ADP) is a popular method for estimating body density (Db). Most ADP tests are performed once, with test-retest investigations scarce. Therefore, we investigated test-retest reliability of ADP. Active men (n=25) and women (n=25) volunteered and followed standard pre-test guidelines. Participants wore dry, form-fitting swimwear and manufacturer-supplied swim caps. In a single session, two ADP trials with measured thoracic gas volume (TGV) were performed without repositioning participants...
February 3, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26835005/the-effect-of-cold-water-endurance-swimming-on-core-temperature-in-aspiring-english-channel-swimmers
#10
Tara Diversi, Vanessa Franks-Kardum, Mike Climstein
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine if cold water swimmers (CWS) developed hypothermia over a 6-h cold water endurance swim and whether body composition, stroke rate (SR) or personal characteristics correlated with core temperature (TC) change. Nine experienced male and female CWS who were aspiring English Channel (EC) swimmers volunteered to participate. Subjects aimed to complete their 6-h EC qualifying swim (water 15-15.8 °C/air 15-25 °C) while researchers intermittently monitored TC and SR...
2016: Extreme Physiology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26582018/metabolic-programming-mediated-by-an-essential-fatty-acid-alters-body-composition-and-survival-skills-of-a-marine-fish
#11
Lee A Fuiman, Kestrel O Perez
Metabolic programming occurs when variations in nutrition during a specific developmental window result in long-term metabolic effects. It has been studied almost exclusively in humans and other mammals but never in an ecological context. Here, we report metabolic programming and its functional consequences in a marine fish, red drum. We demonstrate that maternal provisioning of eggs with an essential fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), varies with DHA content of the maternal diet. When offspring are reared on a DHA-replete diet, whole-body DHA content of offspring depends upon the amount of DHA that was in the egg...
November 22, 2015: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26560107/fluid-retention-muscle-damage-and-altered-body-composition-at-the-ultraman-triathlon
#12
Daniel A Baur, Christopher W Bach, William J Hyder, Michael J Ormsbee
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of participation in a 3-day multistage ultraendurance triathlon (stage 1 = 10 km swim, 144.8 km bike; stage 2 = 275.4 km bike; stage 3 = 84.4 km run) on body mass and composition, hydration status, hormones, muscle damage, and blood glucose. METHODS: Eighteen triathletes (mean ± SD; age 41 ± 7.5 years; height 175 ± 9 cm; weight 73.5 ± 9.8 kg; male n = 14, female n = 4) were assessed before and after each stage of the race...
March 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26560014/interventions-for-treating-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-adults
#13
REVIEW
Helen H G Handoll, Stig Brorson
BACKGROUND: Fracture of the proximal humerus, often termed shoulder fracture, is a common injury in older people. The management of these fractures varies widely. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2001 and last updated in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of treatment and rehabilitation interventions for proximal humeral fractures in adults. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, and other databases, conference proceedings and bibliographies of trial reports...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26535217/effect-of-regular-swimming-exercise-on-the-physical-composition-strength-and-blood-lipid-of-middle-aged-women
#14
Bo-Ae Lee, Deuk-Ja Oh
The purpose of this study is to define the effects of regular swimming exercise on the physical composition, physical strength, and blood lipids of middle-aged women. The subjects of this study are a total of 24 middle-aged women in the swimming group and the control group, with 12 women for each group. The swimming group performed swimming exercise for 60 min every time for 3 times a week, for a total of 12 weeks. For data processing, SPSS 21.0 statistics program was used to calculate the mean and standard deviation...
October 2015: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26522490/-effect-of-high-impact-movements-on-body-composition-strength-and-bone-mineral-density-on-women-over-60-years
#15
Jhon F Ramírez-Villada, Henry H León-Ariza, Yenny P Argüello-Gutiérrez, Keyla A Porras-Ramírez
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is characterised by loss of bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue microarchitecture that leads to fragility related to the risk of fractures. The aim of the study is to analyse the effects of a training program based on explosive movements and impact, assessed in a swimming pool, on body composition, explosive strength and bone mineral density in women over 60 years old. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 35 healthy physically active women (60±4...
March 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26486362/fishing-for-drifts-detecting-buoyancy-changes-of-a-top-marine-predator-using-a-step-wise-filtering-method
#16
Samantha Alex Gordine, Michael Fedak, Lars Boehme
In southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina), fasting- and foraging-related fluctuations in body composition are reflected by buoyancy changes. Such buoyancy changes can be monitored by measuring changes in the rate at which a seal drifts passively through the water column, i.e. when all active swimming motion ceases. Here, we present an improved knowledge-based method for detecting buoyancy changes from compressed and abstracted dive profiles received through telemetry. By step-wise filtering of the dive data, the developed algorithm identifies fragments of dives that correspond to times when animals drift...
December 2015: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26360587/combination-cannabinoid-and-opioid-receptor-antagonists-improves-metabolic-outcomes-in-obese-mice
#17
Sarah H Lockie, Aneta Stefanidis, Matthias H Tschöp, Brian J Oldfield
The CB1 receptor antagonist, rimonabant, causes weight loss but also produces undesirable psychiatric side effects. We investigated using a combination of rimonabant with the opioid receptor antagonists naloxone and norBNI to treat the metabolic sequelae of long-term high fat diet feeding in mice. This combination has previously been shown to have positive effects on both weight loss and mood related behaviour. Diet-induced obese mice were treated chronically with either low dose rimonabant (1 mg/kg) or the combination of rimonabant, naloxone and norBNI (rim nal BNI)...
December 5, 2015: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26355814/assessment-of-body-composition-and-sport-performance-of-brazilian-paralympic-swimming-team-athletes
#18
Radamés Maciel Medeiros, Eduardo da Silva Alves, Valdir de Aquino Lemos, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Andressa da Silva, Roberto Vital, Alexandre Silva Vieira, Murilo Moreira Barreto, Edilson Alves da Rocha, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello
CONTEXT: Body composition assessments of high-performance athletes are very important for identifying physical performance potential. Although the relationship between the kinanthropometric characteristics and performance abilities of Olympic swimmers is extremely important, this subject is not completely understood for Paralympic swimmers. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between body composition and sport performance in Brazilian Paralympic swimmers 6 months after training...
September 9, 2015: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26268114/-body-composition-and-somatotype-in-university-triathletes
#19
Laura Guillén Rivas, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Aurora Norte-Navarro, Roberto Cejuela, María Dolores Cabañas, José Miguel Martínez-Sanz
INTRODUCTION: the triathlon is an endurance sport and individual that consists of three different disciplines: swimming, cycling and running. The aim of the study was to describe and analyze the anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype in male college triathletes. METHODOLOGY: observational and descriptive study of anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of 39 male college athletes from 24 ± 4,5 years, participants in the championship of Spain university triathlon sprint mode (Alicante 2010), from different universities Spanish...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26226957/exercise-and-a-high-fat-diet-synergistically-increase-the-pantothenic-acid-requirement-in-rats
#20
Kei Takahashi, Tsutomu Fukuwatari, Katsumi Shibata
It is thought that both exercise and dietary composition increase the utilization of, and thus the requirement for, certain water-soluble vitamins. However, there have been no studies evaluating the combined impacts of exercise and dietary composition on vitamin utilization. In this experiment, rats were fed a pantothenic acid (PaA)-restricted (0.004 g PaA-Ca/kg diet) diet containing 5% (ordinary amount of dietary fat) or 20% fat (high fat), and were forced to swim until exhaustion every other day for 22 d...
2015: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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