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Muscle fatigue and recovery

Neda Mahdavi, Majid Motamedzade, Ali Ashraf Jamshidi, Ebrahim Darvishi, Abbas Moghimbeygi, Rashid Heidari Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder disorders are one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders among carpet weavers. The most important cause of these disorders is muscle fatigue. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of carpet weaving characteristics on upper trapezius (UTr) muscle fatigue during a task cycle. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, 9 women and 3 men participated. During an 80-min cycle of carpet weaving, a times-series model was applied to assess electromyography amplitude and frequency changes...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Anna Mika, Łukasz Oleksy, Renata Kielnar, Ewa Wodka-Natkaniec, Magdalena Twardowska, Kamil Kamiński, Zbigniew Małek
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to assess if the application of different methods of active recovery (working the same or different muscle groups from those which were active during fatiguing exercise) results in significant differences in muscle performance and if the efficiency of the active recovery method is dependent upon the specific sport activity (training loads). DESIGN: A parallel group non-blinded trial with repeated measurements. METHODS: Thirteen mountain canoeists and twelve football players participated in this study...
2016: PloS One
Benjamin Pageaux, Romuald Lepers, Samuele M Marcora
We recently developed a high intensity one leg dynamic exercise (OLDE) protocol to measure muscle endurance and investigate the central and peripheral mechanisms of muscle fatigue. The aims of the present study were to establish the reliability of this novel protocol and describe the isokinetic muscle fatigue induced by high intensity OLDE and its recovery. Eight subjects performed the OLDE protocol (time to exhaustion test of the right leg at 85% of peak power output) three times over a week period. Isokinetic maximal voluntary contraction torque at 60 (MVC60), 100 (MVC100) and 140 (MVC140) deg/s was measured pre-exercise, shortly after exhaustion (13 ± 4 s), 20 s (P20) and 40 s (P40) post-exercise...
2016: PloS One
Thijs Maria Anne Ackermans, Gaspar Epro, Christopher McCrum, Kai Daniel Oberländer, Frank Suhr, Maarten Robert Drost, Kenneth Meijer, Kiros Karamanidis
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine whether there are different changes in Achilles tendon (AT) mechanical properties in middle-aged, compared to younger runners that might indicate that tendon fatigue, induced by long-distance running, is age-dependent. METHODS: 27 middle-aged (50-67 years) and 22 younger (21-29 years) participants ran a 21 km route at their own pace (mean and SD: old: 3.1 ± 0.3 m s(-1); young: 3.6 ± 0.5 m s(-1)). We tested for changes in the AT force-elongation relationship using dynamometry and ultrasonography during isometric voluntary ankle plantarflexion ramp contractions, conducted 20-28 h pre-run, immediately pre-run, immediately post-run and 20-28 h post-run...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Paulo Gentil, James Fisher, James Steele
Resistance exercises can be considered to be multi-joint (MJ) or single-joint (SJ) in nature. Many strength coaches, trainers, and trainees believe that adding SJ exercises to a resistance training (RT) program may be required to optimize muscular size and strength. However, given that lack of time is a frequently cited barrier to exercise adoption, the time commitment resulting from these recommendations may not be convenient for many people. Therefore, it is important to find strategies that reduce the time commitment without negatively affecting results...
September 27, 2016: Sports Medicine
Pascal Edouard, Pierrick Arnal, Philippe Gimenez, Pierre Samozino, Pedro Jimenez-Reyes, Matt Brughelli, Jurdan Mendiguchia, Jean-Benoit Morin
OBJECTIVE: The hamstring muscles are the most injured muscles in athletes practicing sprints. However, they seem greatly contributing to the production of horizontal force, a key element in the sprint acceleration performance. The aim of our study was to experimentally analyse the link between the production of horizontal force and strength of the hamstrings at maximum sprints on a treadmill and in fatigue conditions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen male subjects accustomed to sprint participated in the experiment consisting in 12 6-seconds sprints separated by 44seconds of recovery on an instrumented treadmill sprint for measuring the horizontal force, coupled with the simultaneous recording of the EMG activity of the vastus lateralis, rectus biceps femoris and gluteus muscles...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Anne-Sophie Dolez, Azahara Alcantara, Romain Mouny
The Montévrain clinic wants to be a medical center oriented towards autonomy and recovery of patient autonomy, reintegration within the family, as well as social and professional reintegration. After studying the care offer and the population base in Seine et Marne, we wanted to get involved in order to improve the capacity of patients treated for breast cancer, suffering deconditioning, with or without joint limitation and functional impairment, with or without a mental deterioration. We studied the recommendations of the "plan cancer III", researched the tertiary phase of cancer treatment and studied literature about evaluation of the physical and mental condition...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Morten Hostrup, Jens Bangsbo
Mechanisms underlying fatigue development and limitations for performance during intense exercise have been intensively studied during the past couple of decades. Fatigue development may involve several interacting factors and depends on type of exercise undertaken and training level of the individual. Intense exercise (½-6 min) causes major ionic perturbations (Ca(2+) , Cl(-) , H(+) , K(+) , lactate(-) , and Na(+) ) that may reduce sarcolemmal excitability, Ca(2+) release, and force production of skeletal muscle...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Hadi Karimi, Zahra Fakhari, Scott Hasson
CONTEXT: Whole body vibration (WBV) is a type of weight-bearing exercise used in the field of sport and rehabilitation. There is no study on the effects of WBV on muscle recovery after a fatiguing activity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a single whole body vibration (WBV) session on lower extremity fatigue. DESIGN: Randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: University Physiotherapy Clinic. SUBJECTS: A total of 13 healthy young men volunteered to participate in this study...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Ned Brophy-Williams, Matthew W Driller, Cecilia M Kitic, James W Fell, Shona L Halson
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of wearing compression socks between repeated running bouts on perceptual, physiological and performance-based parameters. METHODS: Twelve well-trained male runners (mean ± SD; 5km time 19:24 ± 1:19 mm:ss) recorded their perceptions on the efficacy of compression socks for recovery prior to completion of two experimental sessions. Each session consisted of two 5km running time trials (TT1 and TT2) on a treadmill, with a one-hour recovery period between each TT...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Phablo Abreu, Carlos H J Pinheiro, Kaio F Vitzel, Diogo A A Vasconcelos, Rosângela P Torres, Marco S Fortes, Gabriel N Marzuca-Nassr, Jorge Mancini-Filho, Sandro M Hirabara, Rui Curi
What is the central question of this study? Oleic and linoleic acids modulate fibroblast proliferation and myogenic differentiation in vitro. However, their in vivo effects on muscle regeneration have not yet been examined. We investigated the effects of either oleic or linoleic acid on a well-established model of muscle regeneration after severe laceration. What is the main finding and its importance? We found that linoleic acid increases fibrous tissue deposition and impairs muscle regeneration and recovery of contractile function, whereas oleic acid has the opposite effects in severely injured gastrocnemius muscle, suggesting that linoleic acid has a harmful effect and oleic acid a potential therapeutic effect on muscle regeneration...
August 31, 2016: Experimental Physiology
Adriane Aver Vanin, Thiago De Marchi, Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Olga Tairova, Heliodora Leão Casalechi, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Ernesto Cesar Leal-Junior
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the medium-term effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT or photobiomodulation) in postexercise skeletal muscle recovery and performance enhancement and to identify the optimal dose of 810 nm LLLT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed, with voluntary participation of 28 high-level soccer athletes. We analyzed maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), creatine kinase (CK) activity, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression...
October 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Tom Clifford, Bram Berntzen, Gareth W Davison, Daniel J West, Glyn Howatson, Emma J Stevenson
This study examined the effects of beetroot juice (BTJ) on recovery between two repeated-sprint tests. In an independent groups design, 20 male, team-sports players were randomized to receive either BTJ or a placebo (PLA) (2 × 250 mL) for 3 days after an initial repeated sprint test (20 × 30 m; RST1) and after a second repeated sprint test (RST2), performed 72 h later. Maximal isometric voluntary contractions (MIVC), countermovement jumps (CMJ), reactive strength index (RI), pressure-pain threshold (PPT), creatine kinase (CK), C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), protein carbonyls (PC), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH) and the ascorbyl free radical (A(•-)) were measured before, after, and at set times between RST1 and RST2...
August 18, 2016: Nutrients
Charlotte M H Moriarty, Robert J Baker
General medical conditions are an important part of the differential diagnosis in athletes presenting with pain or injury. A psoas abscess is a collection of pus in the iliopsoas muscle compartment and is a rare cause of hip, low back, or groin pain. Psoas abscesses may have significant morbidity and mortality, as 20% progress to septic shock. Presenting symptoms are generally nonspecific and the onset may be subacute. Clinical presentation may have features suggestive of other diagnoses, including septic hip arthritis, iliopsoas bursitis, and retrocecal appendicitis...
August 19, 2016: Sports Health
Abigail S L Stickford, Yoshiyuki Okada, Stuart A Best, Rosemary S Parker, Benjamin D Levine, Qi Fu
PURPOSE: Women with a history of hypertensive pregnancy are at greater risk for future cardiovascular events; however, the mechanisms for this increased risk are unknown. Evidence suggests that an exercise stimulus unmasks latent hypertensive tendencies, identifying individuals at the greatest risk for developing cardiovascular disease. The current study examined the hypothesis that women with a hypertensive pregnancy history exhibit an augmented exercise pressor response. METHODS: Normotensive women with a history of healthy pregnancy (CON; n = 9) and hypertensive pregnancy (HP+; n = 12) were studied during the mid-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle...
August 9, 2016: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
Jakub Grzegorz Adamczyk, Ilona Krasowska, Dariusz Boguszewski, Peter Reaburn
Cold water immersion (CWI) and ice massage (IM) are commonly used treatments to prevent the delay onset of muscle soreness (DOMS); however, little is known on their relative benefits and effectiveness to lower tissue temperature. This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of IM and CMI on tissue temperature and potential benefit to preventing DOMS. The research encompassed 36 subjects divided into three groups of twelve depending on the form of recovery: ice massage (IM), cold-water immersion (CWI), or passive recovery (PAS)...
August 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Mathew W Hill, Matthew F Higgins, Michael J Price
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether high-intensity cycling training leads to adapted responses of balance performance in response to exercise-induced muscle fatigue. METHODS: Eighteen healthy adults were assigned to either 3-weeks (n = 8, age 20.1 ± 2.6 years, height 177 ± 5 cm, mass 73.6 ± 5.1 kg) or 6-weeks (n = 10, age 24.3 ± 5.8 years, height 179 ± 6 cm, mass 81.0 ± 15.8 kg) of high-intensity training (HIT) on a cycle ergometer...
October 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Kyle Scott, Maria Benkhalti, Nicholas D Calvert, Mathieu Paquette, Li Zhen, Mary-Ellen Harper, Osama Y Al-Dirbashi, Jean-Marc Renaud
The skeletal muscle ATP-sensitive K(+) (KATP) channel is crucial in preventing fiber damage and contractile dysfunction, possibly by preventing damaging ATP depletion. The objective of this study was to investigate changes in energy metabolism during fatigue in wild-type and inwardly rectifying K(+) channel (Kir6.2)-deficient (Kir6.2(-/-)) flexor digitorum brevis (FDB), a muscle that lacks functional KATP channels. Fatigue was elicited with one tetanic contraction every second. Decreases in ATP and total adenylate levels were significantly greater in wild-type than Kir6...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Deanna M Horvath, Robyn M Murphy, Janelle P Mollica, Alan Hayes, Craig A Goodman
This study investigated the effect of taurine and β-alanine supplementation on muscle function and muscle taurine transporter (TauT) protein expression in mdx mice. Wild-type (WT) and mdx mice (5 months) were supplemented with taurine or β-alanine for 4 weeks, after which in vitro contractile properties, fatigue resistance and force recovery, and the expression of the TauT protein and proteins involved in excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling were examined in fast-twitch muscle. There was no difference in basal TauT protein expression or basal taurine content between mdx than WT muscle...
November 2016: Amino Acids
Maxim V Ivannikov, Mutsuyuki Sugimori, Rodolfo R Llinás
INTRODUCTION: Oxygen (O2 ) nanobubbles offer a new method for tissue oxygenation. The effects of O2 nanobubbles on transmission at neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) and muscle function were explored in murine diaphragm. METHODS: Electrophysiological parameters, NMJ ultrastructure, muscle force, and muscle fatigue were studied during superfusion with solutions with different oxygen levels or oxygen nanobubbles. RESULTS: High frequency nerve stimulation of muscles superfused with O2 nanobubble solution slowed neurotransmission decline over those with either control or hyperoxic solution...
July 16, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
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