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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212449/energy-intake-and-energy-expenditure-of-pre-professional-female-contemporary-dancers
#1
Meghan A Brown, Glyn Howatson, Edel Quin, Emma Redding, Emma J Stevenson
Many athletes in aesthetic and weight dependent sports are at risk of energy imbalance. However little is known about the exercise and eating behaviours of highly trained dance populations. This investigation sought to determine the energy intake and energy expenditure of pre-professional female contemporary dancers. Twenty-five female contemporary dance students completed the study. Over a 7-day period, including five week days (with scheduled dance training at a conservatoire) and two weekend days (with no scheduled dance training at the conservatoire), energy intake (self-reported weighed food diary and 24 h dietary recall) and expenditure (tri-axial accelerometry) were recorded...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212266/individual-patterns-in-blood-borne-indicators-of-fatigue-trait-or-chance
#2
Ross Julian, Tim Meyer, Hugh H K Fullagar, Sabrina Skorski, Mark Pfeiffer, Michael Kellmann, Alexander Ferrauti, Anne Hecksteden
Julian, R, Meyer, T, Fullagar, HHK, Skorski, S, Pfeiffer, M, Kellmann, M, Ferrauti, A, and Hecksteden, A. Individual patterns in blood-borne indicators of fatigue-trait or chance. J Strength Cond Res 31(3): 608-619, 2017-Blood-borne markers of fatigue such as creatine kinase (CK) and urea (U) are widely used to fine-tune training recommendations. However, predictive accuracy is low. A possible explanation for this dissatisfactory characteristic is the propensity of athletes to react to different patterns of fatigue indicators (e...
March 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211822/robot-assisted-end-effector-based-gait-training-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a%C3%A2-multicentric-uncontrolled-observational-retrospective-clinical-study
#3
Stefano Mazzoleni, Antonella Focacci, Marco Franceschini, Andreas Waldner, Chiara Spagnuolo, Elena Battini, Donatella Bonaiuti
BACKGROUND: Until now studies report inconclusive results as regards the effectiveness of exclusive use of robot-assisted training and clinical indications in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if the only robot-assisted end-effector-based gait training can be feasible in chronic stroke subjects in terms of gait recovery. METHODS: Five rehabilitation centers participated and one hundred chronic post-stroke patients were recruited. Patients underwent a robot-assisted end-effector-based gait training as only rehabilitation treatment...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210068/use-of-an-arm-weight-bearing-combined-with-upper-limb-reaching-apparatus-to-facilitate-motor-paralysis-recovery-in-an-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-patient-a-single-case-report
#4
Takashi Hoei, Kazumi Kawahira, Hidefumi Fukuda, Keizo Sihgenobu, Megumi Shimodozono, Tadashi Ogura
[Purpose] Training using an arm weight-bearing device combined with upper-limb reaching apparatus to facilitate motor paralysis recovery, named the "Reaching Robot", as well as Repetitive Facilitation Exercise were applied to a patient with severe impairment of the shoulder and elbow due to incomplete spinal cord injury and the effects were examined. [Subjects and Methods] A 66-year-old man with incomplete spinal cord injury participated in an upper extremity rehabilitation program involving a Reaching Robot...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210051/effects-of-two-handed-task-training-on-upper-limb-function-of-chronic-hemiplegic-patients-after-stroke
#5
Byung Il Yang, Bo Kyoung Song, Sang Mi Joung
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine whether two-handed task training is effective on motor learning of injured cerebral cortex activation and upper extremity function recovery after stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Two hemiplegic subjects participated in this study: one patient was affected on the dominant side of the body and the other was affected on the non-dominant side of the body, and both scored in the range of 58-66 in the Fugl-Meyer assessment. The excitability of the corticospinal tract and Manual Function Test were examined...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209521/impaired-visual-competition-in-patients-with-homonymous-visual-field-defects
#6
A C Geuzebroek, A V van den Berg
Intense visual training can lead to partial recovery of visual field defects caused by lesions of the primary visual cortex. However, the standard visual detection and discrimination tasks, used to assess this recovery process tend to ignore the complexity of the natural visual environment, where multiple stimuli continuously interact. Visual competition is an essential component for natural search tasks and detecting unexpected events. Our study focused on visual decision-making and to what extent the recovered visual field can compete for attention with the 'intact' visual field...
February 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208990/swiss-ball-versus-mat-exercises-for-core-activation-of-transverse-abdominis-in-recreational-athletes
#7
Prateek Srivastav, Nirmala Nayak, Sudeep Nair, Lobsang Bhuti Sherpa, Diana Dsouza
INTRODUCTION: Core stability is an essential component for improving athletic performance and injury prevention. Exercises on a Swiss ball and on the mat are two different ways of improving core stability. Comparison of these methods can help physiotherapists incorporate the better method for athletic training and rehabilitation. AIM: To compare swiss ball and mat exercises for core stability of transverse abdominis in recreational athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This pilot randomized control trial was performed on a total of 25 recreational athletes...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206886/guideline-for-monitoring-and-management-of-pediatric-patients-before-during-and-after-sedation-for-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-procedures-update-2016
#8
(no author information available yet)
The safe sedation of children for procedures requires a systematic approach that includes the following: no administration of sedating medication without the safety net of medical/dental supervision, careful presedation evaluation for underlying medical or surgical conditions that would place the child at increased risk from sedating medications, appropriate fasting for elective procedures and a balance between the depth of sedation and risk for those who are unable to fast because of the urgent nature of the procedure, a focused airway examination for large (kissing) tonsils or anatomic airway abnormalities that might increase thepotential for airway obstruction, a clear understanding of the medication's pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects and drug interactions, appropriate training and skills in airway management to allow rescue of the patient, age- and size-appropriate equipment for airway management and venous access, appropriate medications and reversal agents, sufficient numbers of staff to both carry out the procedure and monitor the patient, appropriate physiologic monitoring during and after the procedure, a properly equipped and staffed recovery area, recovery to the presedation level of consciousness before discharge from medical/dental supervision, and appropriate discharge instructions...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204901/the-effect-of-hydration-status-on-the-measurement-of-lean-tissue-mass-by-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry
#9
Clodagh M Toomey, William G McCormack, Phil Jakeman
PURPOSE: Athletes cycle between exercise and recovery. Exercise invokes changes in total body water from thermal sweating, muscle and hepatic glycogen depletion and metabolic water loss. Recovery from exercise results in rehydration, substrate repletion, and possible glycogen supercompensation. Such changes may corrupt the measurement of hydrated tissues, such as lean tissue mass (LTM), by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exercise and thermal dehydration and subsequent glycogen supercompensation on DXA-based measurement of body composition...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203589/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-insufficiency-in-professional-hockey-players
#10
Nima Mehran, Brian M Schulz, Brian R Neri, William J Robertson, Orr Limpisvasti
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is a fat-soluble hormone that plays a role in bone health, muscle function, and athletic performance. Studies have shown that low levels of vitamin D can lead to slower muscle recovery and function, increased rates of stress fractures, and even poorer athletic performance. Insufficient vitamin D levels have been demonstrated in professional basketball and football players, however, there have been no studies to date reviewing vitamin D insufficiency in professional hockey players...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203020/-effect-of-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-combined-with-periarticular-local-infiltration-analgesia-on-early-operative-functional-recovery-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-study
#11
Y Deng, T L Jiang, X X Yang, M Li, J Wang, X Y Guo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of early rehabilitation training after total knee arthroplasty surgery by continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) with or without periarticular local infiltration analgesia (PLIA). METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, controlled study, 100 patients under-going primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty in patients with knee osteoarthritis were enrolled. All the patients received CFNB for postoperative analgesia before combined spinal epidural anesthesia...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202466/time-varying-auditory-gain-control-in-response-to-double-pulse-stimuli-in-harbour-porpoises-is-not-mediated-by-a-stapedial-reflex
#12
Asger Emil Munch Schrøder, Kristian Beedholm, Peter Teglberg Madsen
Echolocating animals reduce their output level and hearing sensitivity, presumably to stabilize the perceived echo intensity during target approaches. In bats this variation in hearing sensitivity is formed by a call-induced stapedial reflex that tapers off over time after the call. Here we test the hypothesis that a similar mechanism exists in toothed whales by subjecting a trained harbour porpoise to a series of double sound pulses varying in delay and frequency, while measuring the magnitudes of the evoked ABRs...
February 15, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199799/the-efficacy-of-protein-supplementation-during-recovery-from-muscle-damaging-concurrent-exercise
#13
Lee Eddens, Sarah Browne, Emma J Stevenson, Brad Sanderson, Ken van Someren, Glyn Howatson
This study investigated the effect of protein supplementation on recovery following muscle-damaging exercise, which was induced with a concurrent exercise design. Twenty-four well-trained male cyclists were randomised to three independent groups receiving 20 g protein hydrolysate, iso-caloric carbohydrate or low-calorific placebo supplementation, per serve. Supplement serves were provided twice daily, from the onset of the muscle-damaging exercise, for a total of four days and in addition to a controlled diet (6 g•kg<sup>-1</sup>•d<sup>-1</sup> carbohydrate, 1...
February 15, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199402/short-or-long-rest-intervals-during-repeated-sprint-training-in-soccer
#14
F Marcello Iaia, Matteo Fiorenza, Luca Larghi, Giampietro Alberti, Grégoire P Millet, Olivier Girard
The present study compared the effects of two repeated-sprint training (RST) programs, differing in duration of the between-sprint rest intervals, on various soccer-related exercise performances. For 5 weeks during the competitive season, twenty-nine young trained male soccer players either replaced two of their habitual fitness conditioning sessions with RST characterized by short (5-15; n = 9) or long (5-30; n = 10) rest intervals, or served as control (n = 10). The 5-15 and 5-30 protocols consisted of 6 repetitions of 30-m (~5 s) straight-line sprints interspersed with 15 s or 30 s of passive recovery, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198783/effect-of-moderate-versus-high-intensity-interval-exercise-training-on-heart-rate-variability-parameters-in-inactive-latin-american-adults-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#15
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Luis Andrés Téllez-T, Diana Camelo-Prieto, Paula Andrea Hernández-Quiñonez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Mikel Izquierdo
We investigated the effect of moderate versus high-intensity interval exercise training on the HRV indices in physically inactive adults. Twenty inactive adults were randomly allocated to receive either moderate intensity training (MCT group) or high-intensity interval training (HIT group). The MCT group performed aerobic training at an intensity of 55-75%, which consisted of walking on a treadmill at 60-80% of the maximum heart rate (HRmax) until the expenditure of 300 kcal. The HIT group ran on a treadmill for 4 minutes at 85-95% peak HRmax and had a recovery of 4 minutes at 65% peak HRmax until the expenditure of 300 kcal...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198307/no-pjs-in-the-day-room
#16
Sue Young
In response to your story about Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust's campaign to get inpatients out of pyjamas to help speed up recovery (news, 8 February), I trained as a nurse in the late 1980s and getting people dressed was a fundamental part of our training.
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197198/application-of-a-paraplegic-gait-orthosis-in-thoracolumbar-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Lang Shuai, Guo-Hua Yu, Zhen Feng, Wan-Song Wang, Wei-Ming Sun, Lu Zhou, Yin Yan
Paraplegic gait orthosis has been shown to help paraplegic patients stand and walk, although this method cannot be individualized for patients with different spinal cord injuries and functional recovery of the lower extremities. There is, however, a great need to develop individualized paraplegic orthosis to improve overall quality of life for paraplegic patients. In the present study, 36 spinal cord (below T4) injury patients were equally and randomly divided into control and observation groups. The control group received systematic rehabilitation training, including maintenance of joint range of motion, residual muscle strength training, standing training, balance training, and functional electrical stimulation...
December 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197197/fine-motor-skill-training-enhances-functional-plasticity-of-the-corticospinal-tract-after-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Jian Liu, Xiao-Yu Yang, Wei-Wei Xia, Jian Dong, Mao-Guang Yang, Jian-Hang Jiao
Following central nervous system injury, axonal sprouts form distal to the injury site and extend into the denervated area, reconstructing neural circuits through neural plasticity. How to facilitate this plasticity has become the key to the success of central nervous system repair. It remains controversial whether fine motor skill training contributes to the recovery of neurological function after spinal cord injury. Therefore, we established a rat model of unilateral corticospinal tract injury using a pyramidal tract cutting method...
December 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195973/repetition-performance-and-blood-lactate-responses-adopting-different-recovery-periods-between-training-sessions-in-trained-men
#19
Humberto Miranda, Marianna de Freitas Maia, Gabriel Andrade Paz, João A A A de Souza, Roberto Simão, Déborah de Araújo Farias, Jeffrey M Willardson
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of different recovery periods (24h, 48h, and 72h) between repeated resistance training (RT) sessions for the upper body muscles on repetition performance and blood lactate responses in trained men. Sixteen recreationally trained men (age: 26.1 ± 3.1 years; height: 179 ± 4.5 cm; body mass: 82.6 ± 4.0 kg, 4.5 ± 2.2 years of RT experience) participated in this study. Eight-repetition maximum (8-RM) loads were determined for the bench press (BP), 30° incline bench press (BP30), and 45° incline bench press (BP45) exercises...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195970/reduction-of-physiological-strain-under-a-hot-and-humid-environment-by-a-hybrid-cooling-vest
#20
Albert P C Chan, Y Yang, Francis K W Wong, Michael C H Yam, Del P Wong, W F Song
Cooling treatment is regarded as one of good practices to provide safe training conditions to athletic trainers in the hot environment. The present study aimed to investigate whether wearing a commercial lightweight and portable hybrid cooling vest that combines air ventilation fans with frozen gel packs was an effective means to reduce participants' body heat strain. In this within-subject repeated measures study, 10 male volunteers participated in two heat-stress trials (one with the cooling vest - COOL condition, and another without - CON condition, in a randomized order) inside a climatic chamber with a controlled ambient temperature 33 °C and relative humidity (RH) 75% on an experimental day...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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