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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549273/body-weight-supported-bedside-treadmill-training-facilitates-ambulation-in-icu-patients-an-interventional-proof-of-concept-study
#1
Juultje Sommers, Denise C Wieferink, Dave A Dongelmans, Frans Nollet, Raoul H H Engelbert, Marike van der Schaaf
PURPOSE: Early mobilisation is advocated to improve recovery of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. However, severe weakness in combination with tubes, lines and machinery are practical barriers for the implementation of ambulation with critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of Body Weight-Supported Treadmill Training (BWSTT) in critically ill patients in the ICU. METHODS: A custom build bedside Body Weight-Supported Treadmill was used and evaluated in medical and surgical patients in the ICU...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549220/physiological-responses-during-intermittent-running-exercise-differ-between-outdoor-and-treadmill-running
#2
Marco Panascì, Romuald Lepers, Antonio La Torre, Matteo Bonato, Hervè Assadi
The aim of this study was to compare the physiological responses during 15 min of intermittent running consisting of 30 s high intensity running exercise at maximal aerobic velocity (MAV) interspersed with 30 s passive recovery (30-30) performed outdoor versus on a motorized treadmill. Fifteen collegiate physically active males (age: 22±1 years-old; body mass: 66±7 kg; stature: 176±06 cm, weekly training volume: 5±2 h·week<sup>-1</sup>), performed Fitness Intermittent test 45-15 in order to determine VO<sub>2max</sub> and Maximal Aerobic Velocity (MAV) and then completed in random order three different training sessions consisting of 30s run -30s rest outdoor on athletic track (30-30 Track) at MAV; 30s run -30s rest on treadmill (30-30 Treadmill) at MAV; 30s run -30s rest at MAV+15% (30-30+15% MAV Treadmill)...
May 26, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548455/liminality-in-the-occupational-identity-of-mental-health-peer-support-workers-a-qualitative-study
#3
Alan Simpson, Candice Oster, Eimear Muir-Cochrane
Peer support is increasingly provided as a component of mental health care, where people in recovery from mental health problems use their lived experiences to provide support to those experiencing similar difficulties. In the present study, we explored the evolution of peer support workers' (PSW) occupational identities. A qualitative study was undertaken alongside a pilot randomized, controlled trial of peer support for service users discharged from a mental hospital in London, UK. Two focus groups were conducted with eight PSW...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546466/changes-in-brachial-artery-endothelial-function-and-resting-diameter-with-moderate-intensity-continuous-but-not-sprint-interval-training-in-sedentary-men
#4
Ninette Shenouda, Jenna B Gillen, Martin J Gibala, Maureen J MacDonald
Moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) improves peripheral artery function in healthy adults, a phenomenon that reverses as continued training induces structural remodeling. Sprint interval training (SIT) elicits physiological adaptations similar to MICT despite a lower exercise volume and time-commitment; however, its effect on peripheral artery function and structure is largely unexplored. We compared peripheral artery responses to 12 weeks of MICT and SIT in sedentary, healthy men (age=27±8 years)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540536/effects-of-robot-assisted-upper-limb-rehabilitation-in-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#5
Rachele Bertani, Corrado Melegari, Maria C De Cola, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Technology-supported training is emerging as a solution to support therapists in their efforts providing high-intensity, repetitive, and task-specific treatment, in order to enhance the recovery process. The aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness of different robotic devices (end-effector and exoskeleton robots) in comparison with any other type of intervention. Furthermore, we aim to assess whether or not better improvements are obtained in the sub-acute phase after stroke onset than in the chronic phase...
May 24, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540125/project-heaven-preoperative-training-in-virtual-reality
#6
Kiratipath Iamsakul, Alexander V Pavlovcik, Jesus I Calderon, Lance M Sanderson
A cephalosomatic anastomosis (CSA; also called HEAVEN: head anastomosis venture) has been proposed as an option for patients with neurological impairments, such as spinal cord injury (SCI), and terminal medical illnesses, for which medicine is currently powerless. Protocols to prepare a patient for life after CSA do not currently exist. However, methods used in conventional neurorehabilitation can be used as a reference for developing preparatory training. Studies on virtual reality (VR) technologies have documented VR's ability to enhance rehabilitation and improve the quality of recovery in patients with neurological disabilities...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538639/development-of-the-emergency-preservation-and-resuscitation-for-cardiac-arrest-from-trauma-epr-cat-clinical-trial
#7
Samuel A Tisherman, Hasan B Alam, Peter M Rhee, Thomas M Scalea, Tomas Drabek, Raquel M Forsythe, Patrick M Kochanek McCm
BACKGROUND: Patients who suffer a cardiac arrest from trauma rarely survive, even with aggressive resuscitation attempts, including an Emergency Department (ED) thoracotomy. Emergency Preservation and Resuscitation (EPR) was developed to utilize hypothermia to buy time to obtain hemostasis before irreversible organ damage occurs. Large animal studies have demonstrated that cooling to tympanic membrane temperature 10°C during exsanguination cardiac arrest can allow up to 2 hours of circulatory arrest and repair of simulated injuries with normal neurologic recovery...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538495/committee-opinion-no-701-choosing-the-route-of-hysterectomy-for-benign-disease
#8
(no author information available yet)
Hysterectomy is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in the United States. Selection of the route of hysterectomy for benign causes can be influenced by the size and shape of the vagina and uterus; accessibility to the uterus; extent of extrauterine disease; the need for concurrent procedures; surgeon training and experience; average case volume; available hospital technology, devices, and support; whether the case is emergent or scheduled; and preference of the informed patient. Vaginal and laparoscopic procedures are considered "minimally invasive" surgical approaches because they do not require a large abdominal incision and, thus, typically are associated with shortened hospitalization and postoperative recovery times compared with open abdominal hysterectomy...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538491/committee-opinion-no-701-summary-choosing-the-route-of-hysterectomy-for-benign-disease
#9
(no author information available yet)
Hysterectomy is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in the United States. Selection of the route of hysterectomy for benign causes can be influenced by the size and shape of the vagina and uterus; accessibility to the uterus; extent of extrauterine disease; the need for concurrent procedures; surgeon training and experience; average case volume; available hospital technology, devices, and support; whether the case is emergent or scheduled; and preference of the informed patient. Vaginal and laparoscopic procedures are considered "minimally invasive" surgical approaches because they do not require a large abdominal incision and, thus, typically are associated with shortened hospitalization and postoperative recovery times compared with open abdominal hysterectomy...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538313/the-effects-of-accentuated-eccentric-loading-on-the-drop-jump-exercise-and-the-subsequent-postactivation-potentiation-response
#10
Lee A Bridgeman, Michael R McGuigan, Nicholas D Gill, Deborah K Dulson
Bridgeman, LA, McGuigan, MR, Gill, ND, and Dulson, DK. The effects of accentuated eccentric loading on the drop jump exercise and the subsequent postactivation potentiation response. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1620-1626, 2017-The aims of this study were (a) to investigate the acute effects of different drop jump (DJ) accentuated eccentric loading (AEL) protocols and (b) to investigate the effect of these AEL DJ protocols on subsequent countermovement jump (CMJ) performance. The subjects were 12 strength-trained athletes; initially, baseline CMJ performance was assessed and individual optimal DJ drop height identified...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538307/can-cold-water-immersion-enhance-recovery-in-elite-olympic-weightlifters-an-individualized-perspective
#11
Jan Schimpchen, Maximilian Wagner, Alexander Ferrauti, Michael Kellmann, Mark Pfeiffer, Tim Meyer
Schimpchen, J, Wagner, M, Ferrauti, A, Kellmann, M, Pfeiffer, M, and Meyer, T. Can cold water immersion enhance recovery in elite Olympic weightlifters? An individualized perspective. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1569-1576, 2017-We investigated whether cold water immersion (CWI) after intensive training sessions can enhance recovery in elite Olympic weightlifters, taking into account each athlete's individual response pattern. The entire German male Olympic weightlifting national team participated in the study (n = 7), ensuring collection of data from elite athletes only...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537951/an-interprofessional-course-on-substance-use-disorders-for-health-professions-students
#12
Andrew J Muzyk, Chris Tew, Allie Thomas-Fannin, Sanjai Dayal, Reina Maeda, Nicole Schramm-Sapyta, Kathryn M Andolsek, Shelley Holmer
PROBLEM: Substance use disorders (SUDs) affect millions of Americans. Nevertheless, there is insufficient health care resource allocation for these patients. One reason may be the lack of education and training about SUDs in health professions programs. APPROACH: The authors developed a required, interprofessional SUDs course for health professions students completing a one-month psychiatry clerkship within the Duke University Health System starting in November 2015...
May 23, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536893/neurologic-recovery-after-cardiac-arrest-a-multifaceted-puzzle-requiring-comprehensive-coordinated-care
#13
REVIEW
Carolina B Maciel, Mary M Barden, David M Greer
Surviving cardiac arrest (CA) requires a longitudinal approach with multiple levels of responsibility, including fostering a culture of action by increasing public awareness and training, optimization of resuscitation measures including frequent updates of guidelines and their timely implementation into practice, and optimization of post-CA care. This clearly goes beyond resuscitation and targeted temperature management. Brain-directed physiologic goals should dictate the post-CA management, as accumulating evidence suggests that the degree of hypoxic brain injury is the main determinant of survival, regardless of the etiology of arrest...
July 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532248/effects-of-drop-sets-with-resistance-training-on-increases-in-muscle-csa-strength-and-endurance-a-pilot-study
#14
Hayao Ozaki, Atsushi Kubota, Toshiharu Natsume, Jeremy P Loenneke, Takashi Abe, Shuichi Machida, Hisashi Naito
To investigate the effects of a single high-load (80% of one repetition maximum [1RM]) set with additional drop sets descending to a low-load (30% 1RM) without recovery intervals on muscle strength, endurance, and size in untrained young men. Nine untrained young men performed dumbbell curls to concentric failure 2-3 days per week for 8 weeks. Each arm was randomly assigned to one of the following three conditions: 3 sets of high-load (HL, 80% 1RM) resistance exercise, 3 sets of low-load [LL, 30% 1RM] resistance exercise, and a single high-load (SDS) set with additional drop sets descending to a low-load...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530487/effects-of-pre-season-training-on-the-sleep-characteristics-of-professional-rugby-league-players
#15
Heidi R Thornton, Jace A Delaney, Grant M Duthie, Ben J Dascombe
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of daily and exponentially-weighted moving training loads on subsequent night-time sleep. METHODS: Sleep of fourteen professional rugby league athletes competing in the National Rugby League competition was recorded using wristwatch actigraphy. Physical demands were quantified using GPS technology, including total distance (TD), high-speed distance (HSD), acceleration/deceleration load (SumAccDec; AU), and sRPE (AU). Linear mixed models determined effects of acute (daily) and sub-acute (three- and seven-day) exponentially-weighted moving averages (EWMA) on sleep...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529806/increased-alpha-rhythm-dynamic-range-promotes-recovery-from-visuospatial-neglect-a-neurofeedback-study
#16
Tomas Ros, Abele Michela, Anne Bellman, Philippe Vuadens, Arnaud Saj, Patrik Vuilleumier
Despite recent attempts to use electroencephalogram (EEG) neurofeedback (NFB) as a tool for rehabilitation of motor stroke, its potential for improving neurological impairments of attention-such as visuospatial neglect-remains underexplored. It is also unclear to what extent changes in cortical oscillations contribute to the pathophysiology of neglect, or its recovery. Utilizing EEG-NFB, we sought to causally manipulate alpha oscillations in 5 right-hemisphere stroke patients in order to explore their role in visuospatial neglect...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528435/benefits-of-a-regular-vs-irregular-rhythm-based-training-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-motor-skills-in-obese-girls
#17
Ghazi Racil, Wassim Elmontassar, Imen Rommene, Claire Tourny, Anis Chaouachi, Jeremy B Coquart
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of a physical exercise programme including rhythmic elements (regular and irregular tempos) on physiological variables, motor skills (MS), and jump performances in obese girls. METHODS: Thirty-six obese girls (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years, body mass: 58.7 ± 4.0 kg, height: 1.37 ± 0.04 m, body mass index: 31.2 ± 2.1) participated in three weekly physical exercise sessions for 6 weeks, with each session consisting of basic fundamental locomotor movements...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528354/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-resistance-training-in-women-with-chronic-computer-related-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Xiao Li, Caina Lin, Cuicui Liu, Songjian Ke, Qing Wan, Haijie Luo, Zhuxi Huang, Wenjun Xin, Chao Ma, Shaoling Wu
BACKGROUND: Chronic computer-related neck pain is common among office workers. Studies have proposed neck strengthening exercise as a therapy to pain relieving and function improvement. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of different loading resistance trainings and we hypothesized that women with work-related neck pain could benefit more from progressive resistance training for pain and function recovery. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted and subjects characterized by monotonous jobs were recruited...
May 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527224/does-assist-as-needed-upper-limb-robotic-therapy-promote-participation-in-repetitive-activity-based-motor-training-in-sub-acute-stroke-patients-with-severe-paresis
#19
Anne-Gaëlle Grosmaire, Christophe Duret
BACKGROUND: Repetitive, active movement-based training promotes brain plasticity and motor recovery after stroke. Robotic therapy provides highly repetitive therapy that reduces motor impairment. However, the effect of assist-as-needed algorithms on patient participation and movement quality is not known. OBJECTIVE: To analyze patient participation and motor performance during highly repetitive assist-as-needed upper limb robotic therapy in a retrospective study...
May 19, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526472/-functional-respiratory-imaging-after-neostigmine-or-sugammadex-enhanced-recovery-from-neuromuscular-blockade-in-the-anesthetised-rat-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-study
#20
Tom Schepens, Guy Cammu, Sabine Maes, Benny Desmedt, Wim Vos, Kristof Deseure
OBJECTIVES: Reductions in diaphragm activity are associated with the postoperative development of atelectasis. Neostigmine reversal is also associated with increased atelectasis. We assessed the effects of neostigmine, sugammadex, and spontaneous reversal on regional lung ventilation and airway flow. METHODS: Six Sprague-Dawley rats were paralysed with rocuronium and mechanically ventilated until recovery of the train-of-four ratio to 0.5. We administered neostigmine (0...
May 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
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