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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913833/symptom-trajectories-throughout-two-family-therapy-treatments-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Stuart B Murray, Eva Pila, Daniel Le Grange, Susan M Sawyer, Elizabeth K Hughes
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the trajectory of symptom remission and affective functioning throughout the course of two family-based treatments for adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN): conjoint family-based treatment (FBT) and parent-focused treatment (PFT). METHOD: Participants were 107 adolescents (Mage  = 15.5 years, SD = 1.5) with a primary diagnosis of AN who participated in a randomized clinical trial comparing FBT (N = 55) and PFT (N = 51)...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902249/effect-of-surface-treatment-of-prefabricated-teeth-on-shear-bond-strength-of-orthodontic-brackets
#2
Marina Cumerlato, Eduardo Martinelli de Lima, Leandro Berni Osorio, Eduardo Gonçalves Mota, Luciane Macedo de Menezes, Susana Maria Deon Rizzatto
Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the effects of grinding, drilling, sandblasting, and ageing prefabricated teeth (PfT) on the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic brackets, as well as the effects of surface treatments on the adhesive remnant index (ARI). Methods: One-hundred-ninety-two PfT were divided into four groups (n = 48): Group 1, no surface treatment was done; Group 2, grinding was performed with a cylindrical diamond bur; Group 3, two drillings were done with a spherical diamond bur; Group 4, sandblasting was performed with 50-µm aluminum oxide...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900434/contrasting-effects-of-extreme-drought-and-snowmelt-patterns-on-mountain-plants-along-an-elevation-gradient
#3
Sergey Rosbakh, Annette Leingärtner, Bernhard Hoiss, Jochen Krauss, Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Peter Poschlod
Despite the evidence that increased frequency and magnitude of extreme climate events (ECE) considerably affect plant performance, there is still a lack of knowledge about how these events affect mountain plant biodiversity and mountain ecosystem functioning. Here, we assessed the short-term (one vegetation period) effects of simulated ECEs [extreme drought (DR), advanced and delayed snowmelt (AD and DE), respectively] on the performance of 42 plant species occurring in the Bavarian Alps (Germany) along an elevational gradient of 600-2000 m a...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899656/greater-ankle-strength-anaerobic-and-aerobic-capacity-and-agility-predict-ground-combat-military-occupational-school-graduation-in-female-marines
#4
Katelyn Fleishman Allison, Karen A Keenan, Meleesa F Wohleber, Katherine A Perlsweig, Erin R Pletcher, Mita Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Lawrence C Coleman, Bradley C Nindl
Women can serve in all military occupational specialties (MOS); however, musculoskeletal and physiological characteristics that predict successful completion of ground combat MOS schools by female Marines are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine which demographic, musculoskeletal, and physiological characteristics predict graduation from infantry and vehicle ground combat MOS schools in female Marines. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Prior to MOS school, the following were assessed in 62 female Marines (22...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868253/relationships-between-regional-radiation-doses-and-cognitive-decline-in-children-treated-with-cranio-spinal-irradiation-for-posterior-fossa-tumors
#5
Elodie Doger de Speville, Charlotte Robert, Martin Perez-Guevara, Antoine Grigis, Stephanie Bolle, Clemence Pinaud, Christelle Dufour, Anne Beaudré, Virginie Kieffer, Audrey Longaud, Jacques Grill, Dominique Valteau-Couanet, Eric Deutsch, Dimitri Lefkopoulos, Catherine Chiron, Lucie Hertz-Pannier, Marion Noulhiane
Pediatric posterior fossa tumor (PFT) survivors who have been treated with cranial radiation therapy often suffer from cognitive impairments that might relate to IQ decline. Radiotherapy (RT) distinctly affects brain regions involved in different cognitive functions. However, the relative contribution of regional irradiation to the different cognitive impairments still remains unclear. We investigated the relationships between the changes in different cognitive scores and radiation dose distribution in 30 children treated for a PFT...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865973/recovery-of-pulmonary-function-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-children-is-associated-with-improved-survival
#6
Ashok Srinivasan, Anusha Sunkara, William Mitchell, Sudeep Sunthankar, Guolian Kang, Dennis C Stokes, Saumini Srinivasan
Abnormal pulmonary function is prevalent in survivors of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Post-transplant recovery of pulmonary function, and its effect on survival in children is not known. This is a retrospective cohort study of 308 children followed for 10 years after transplantation at a single institution. There were 2 groups of patients. Group 1 included 188 patients with 3 or more pulmonary function test (PFT) results, of which at least 1 was abnormal, group 2 included 120 patients with 3 or more PFTs, all of which were normal...
August 30, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863286/flow-diversion-with-the-pipeline-embolization-device-for-patients-with-intracranial-aneurysms-and-antiplatelet-therapy-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Pavlos Texakalidis, Kimon Bekelis, Elias Atallah, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, Robert H Rosenwasser, Pascal Jabbour
Flow diversion with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) is reported as a safe and efficient treatment for patients with intracranial aneurysms; however, literature discussing the antiplatelet (APT) regimen used before and after the PED is limited. Our aim was to systematically review and summarize available data regarding the APT regimen and the platelet function test (PFT) that was used. We also sought to provide an overview of the aneurysm morphologies and adverse event rates associated with the PED use...
August 18, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861127/multi-parameter-comparison-of-a-standardized-mixed-meal-tolerance-test-in-healthy-and-type-2-diabetic-subjects-the-phenflex-challenge
#8
Suzan Wopereis, Johanna H M Stroeve, Annette Stafleu, Gertruud C M Bakker, Jacobus Burggraaf, Marjan J van Erk, Linette Pellis, Ruud Boessen, Alwine A F Kardinaal, Ben van Ommen
BACKGROUND: A key feature of metabolic health is the ability to adapt upon dietary perturbations. Recently, it was shown that metabolic challenge tests in combination with the new generation biomarkers allow the simultaneous quantification of major metabolic health processes. Currently, applied challenge tests are largely non-standardized. A systematic review defined an optimal nutritional challenge test, the "PhenFlex test" (PFT). This study aimed to prove that PFT modulates all relevant processes governing metabolic health thereby allowing to distinguish subjects with different metabolic health status...
2017: Genes & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860402/sliding-hip-screw-versus-the-targon-pft-nail-for-trochanteric-hip-fractures-a-randomised-trial-of-400-patients
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M J Parker, S Cawley
AIMS: To compare the outcomes for trochanteric fractures treated with a sliding hip screw (SHS) or a cephalomedullary nail. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 400 patients with a trochanteric hip fracture were randomised to receive a SHS or a cephalomedullary nail (Targon PFT). All surviving patients were followed up to one year from injury. Functional outcome was assessed by a research nurse blinded to the implant used. RESULTS: Recovery of mobility, as assessed by a mobility scale, was superior for those treated with the intramedullary nail compared with the SHS at eight weeks, three and nine months (p-values between 0...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858217/relationship-between-social-support-networks-and-physical-functioning-in-older-community-dwelling-mexicans
#10
Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez, Fabiola González-Mantilla, Elsa Correa-Muñoz, Raquel Retana-Ugalde
Some studies have demonstrated the relationship between social support networks (SSNs) and health status. In this sense, it has been considered that physical and mental functioning is a key indicator of the health in the age people. The aim of this study was to determine the association between social support networks and physical functioning. A cross-sectional study was carried out including a convenience sample of 150 older community-dwelling Mexicans. We assessed the familial, extra-familial and institutional SSNs; social contacts; the activities of daily living (ADL); the instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs); and physical functioning task (PFT) performance among study participants...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855078/guided-de-escalation-of-antiplatelet-treatment-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-tropical-acs-a-randomised-open-label-multicentre-trial
#11
Dirk Sibbing, Dániel Aradi, Claudius Jacobshagen, Lisa Gross, Dietmar Trenk, Tobias Geisler, Martin Orban, Martin Hadamitzky, Béla Merkely, Róbert Gábor Kiss, András Komócsi, Csaba A Dézsi, Lesca Holdt, Stephan B Felix, Radoslaw Parma, Mariusz Klopotowski, Robert H G Schwinger, Johannes Rieber, Kurt Huber, Franz-Josef Neumann, Lukasz Koltowski, Julinda Mehilli, Zenon Huczek, Steffen Massberg
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend potent platelet inhibition with prasugrel or ticagrelor for 12 months after an acute coronary syndrome managed with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the greatest anti-ischaemic benefit of potent antiplatelet drugs over the less potent clopidogrel occurs early, while most excess bleeding events arise during chronic treatment. Hence, a stage-adapted treatment with potent platelet inhibition in the acute phase and de-escalation to clopidogrel in the maintenance phase could be an alternative approach...
August 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841364/quality-improvement-initiatives-to-optimize-the-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#12
Geneviève C Digby, Andrew Robinson
PURPOSE: Patients with lung cancer (LC) frequently have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the optimization of which improves outcomes. A 2014 Queen's University Hospitals audit demonstrated that COPD was underdiagnosed and undertreated in outpatients with LC. We sought to improve the diagnosis and management of COPD in this population. METHODS: We implemented change using a Define/Measure/Analyze/Improve/Control (DMAIC) improvement cycle. Data were obtained by chart review from the Cancer Care Ontario database and e-Patient System for patients with newly diagnosed LC, including patient characteristics, pulmonary function test (PFT) data, and bronchodilator therapies...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817535/can-prasugrel-decrease-the-extent-of-periprocedural-myocardial-injury-during-elective-pci
#13
Mariusz Tomaniak, Łukasz Kołtowski, Janusz Kochman, Zenon Huczek, Adam Rdzanek, Arkadiusz Pietrasik, Aleksandra Gasecka, Sylwia Gajda, Grzegorz Opolski, Krzysztof J Filipiak
INTRODUCTION    Periprocedural myocardial injury may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. The evidence on safety and efficacy of more potent P2Y12 antagonists in reduction of periprocedural myocardial injury among patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) with inadequate response to clopidogrel is limited.  OBJECTIVES    The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of prasugrel on the incidence of periprocedural myocardial injury among patients undergoing elective PCI with inadequate response to clopidogrel diagnosed by point-of-care genotyping and platelet function testing (PFT)...
August 17, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800265/use-of-snomed-ct%C3%A2-and-loinc%C3%A2-to-standardize-terminology-for-primary-care-asthma-electronic-health-records
#14
M Diane Lougheed, Nicola J Thomas, Nastasia V Wasilewski, Alison H Morra, Janice P Minard
OBJECTIVES: The burden of asthma ranks among the highest for chronic diseases. Interoperable EHRs can improve the management of chronic diseases such as asthma by facilitating sharing of data between health care settings along the continuum of care. Terminology such as SNOMED CT® (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms) and LOINC® (Logistical Observation Identifier Names and Codes) are prerequisites for interoperability of electronic health records (EHRs). We sought to determine the extent to which data elements in a validated asthma care map (ACM) are congruent with these terminologies...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797558/prevalence-and-predictors-associated-with-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-in-copd
#15
Mitra Samareh Fekri, Mehdi Torabi, Sara Azizi Shoul, Moghaddameh Mirzaee
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is one of the most common complications of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), but its severe form is uncommon. Various factors play an important role in the occurrence and severity of pulmonary hypertension in patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on patients with COPD referred to an emergency department over a one-year period. The tests-including complete blood count (CBC) and arterial blood gas (ABG), pulmonary functional test (PFT) and echocardiography-were performed for all patients to measure mPAP (mean pulmonary artery pressure), ejection fraction (EF) and body mass index (BMI)...
August 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773845/low-threshold-and-high-intensity-random-lasing-enhanced-by-mncl%C3%A2
#16
Zhenzhen Shang, Mingchao Yang, Luogen Deng
Energy transfer is known to have a significant influence on random lasers. However, the study about the effect of energy transfer between metallic salt and dye molecules on random lasers is still lacking at present. Here, we investigate random lasing actions in Pyrromethene-597 (PM597), PM597-doped MnCl₂ (manganese (II) chloride), PM597-doped polymer-dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) and PM597-doped PDLC with MnCl₂ capillary systems. We find that random lasing of the systems with MnCl₂ exhibits lower threshold, higher intensity, sharper peak and variable resonance wavelength in comparison with the systems without MnCl₂...
August 24, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772006/accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-grading-of-subglottic-stenosis-in-patients-with-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-correlation-with-pulmonary-function-tests-and-laryngoscopy
#17
Frank O Henes, Martin Laudien, Laura Linsenhoff, Jan P Bremer, Tim Oqueka, Gerhard Adam, Gerhard Schön, Peter Bannas
OBJECTIVES: To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based and laryngoscopy-based subglottic stenosis (SGS) grading with pulmonary function tests (PFT) in patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). METHODS: In this retrospective study we included 118 examinations of 44 patients with GPA and suspected SGS. All patients underwent MRI, laryngoscopy, and PFT. Stenosis was graded on a 4-point scale by endoscopy and MRI using the Meyer-Cotton (MC)-Score (score1: ≤50%; 2: 51-70%; 3: 71-99%; 4: 100%) and as percentage by MRI...
August 3, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761337/size-variation-and-collapse-of-emphysema-holes-at-inspiration-and-expiration-ct-scan-evaluation-with-modified-length-scale-method-and-image-co-registration
#18
Sang Young Oh, Minho Lee, Joon Beom Seo, Namkug Kim, Sang Min Lee, Jae Seung Lee, Yeon Mok Oh
A novel approach of size-based emphysema clustering has been developed, and the size variation and collapse of holes in emphysema clusters are evaluated at inspiratory and expiratory computed tomography (CT). Thirty patients were visually evaluated for the size-based emphysema clustering technique and a total of 72 patients were evaluated for analyzing collapse of the emphysema hole in this study. A new approach for the size differentiation of emphysema holes was developed using the length scale, Gaussian low-pass filtering, and iteration approach...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758573/shrinking-lung-syndrome-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-single-centre-experience
#19
M Deeb, K Tselios, D D Gladman, J Su, M B Urowitz
Introduction Shrinking lung syndrome (SLS) is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), characterized by decreased lung volumes and extra-pulmonary restriction. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of SLS in our lupus cohort with emphasis on prevalence, presentation, treatment and outcomes. Patients and methods Patients attending the Toronto Lupus Clinic since 1980 ( n = 1439) and who had pulmonary function tests (PFTs) performed during follow-up were enrolled ( n = 278)...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750541/influence-of-different-cleaning-processes-on-the-surface-chemistry-of-gold-nanoparticles
#20
Rita La Spina, Valentina Spampinato, Douglas Gilliland, Isaac Ojea-Jimenez, Giacomo Ceccone
In this paper, the authors have investigated the effects of different cleaning methods (centrifugation and dialysis) on the surface chemistry and composition of 15 nm sodium citrate stabilized gold nanoparticles. The nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) results indicate that three centrifugation cycles are sufficient to remove most of the citrate molecules, while centrifuged liquid sedimentation and dynamic light scattering data reveal some degree of nanoparticle aggregation when three centrifugation cycles are exceeded...
July 27, 2017: Biointerphases
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