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winged scapula

Maria Grazia Benedetti, Alessandro Zati, Silvia Bonfiglioli Stagni, Isabella Fusaro, Roberta Monesi, Roberto Rotini
Scapular winging secondary to dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) damage is an underestimated condition. It is often caused by entrapment of the nerve due to a hypertrophic middle scalene muscle, or by stretching of the DSN during traumatic movements. The condition has also been attributed to myofascial pain syndrome of the rhomboids with entrapment of the DSN. The non-specific symptomatology reported by patients is often incorrectly diagnosed, and this can result in a high level of disability of the upper limb. A clinical case of misdiagnosed dorsal scapula entrapment is presented...
October 2016: Joints
M Le Hanneur, Y Saint-Cast
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term radio-clinical outcome in scapulothoracic fusion using the Letournel technique (where the fourth rib is passed through the wing of the scapula and cerclage wires are tightened to the two ribs below) for patients suffering from facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHMD), a degenerative pathology affecting scapula-stabilizing muscles, leading to scapular winging, shoulder pain and restricted shoulder abduction and flexion, despite a functional deltoid muscle...
May 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Mohit Jindal
INTRODUCTION: Osteochondroma or exostosis is most common primary benign bony tumor comprising of more than one third of the total occurrences. Osteochondromas are considered as an aberration in the normal physial growth plate and originate from the metaphysis of long bone with more than third (35-46%) of cases affecting the bone around the knee (lower end femur> upper end tibia), 10% cases involve the small bones of the hand and 5% involve the pelvis and flat bones like scapula (4-6%) are least involved...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Sana Salah, Houda Migaou, Zied Belaaj, Soumaya Boudokhane, Anis Jellad, Abderrazak Abid, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: Winging of the scapula has a variety of causes and a variable prognosis. It contributes to a disruption of the scapulohumeral rhythm with a decreased flexion and abduction of the upper extremity and a source of a considerable pain. This condition can affect the ability to perform activities of daily living. The most common cause of scapula winging is serratus anterior paralysis resulting from a lesion of the long thoracic nerve. The rupture of the muscle itself remains uncommon...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Kevin Franzese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Yusuke Kawano, Noriaki Nakamichi, Noboru Matsumura
A 70-year-old woman had pain and fatigability of her left shoulder with asymmetric scapular position. The medial border of the scapula was more prominent in the left side compared to the right scapula, and scapular motion was different between sides. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass on the ventral surface of the scapula. Tumour resection was performed through the medial approach, and the tissue samples were found to be a lipoma with a pathological examination. Post-operatively, her pain immediately disappeared...
October 2015: Shoulder & Elbow
Yukio Mizuno, Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Tomoko Okamoto, Yasushi Oya, Ichizo Nishino, Miho Murata
Sporadic late onset nemaline myopathy (SLONM) associated with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is an adult onset myopathy with poor clinical outcomes, requiring high-dose intravenous melphalan with autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (HDM-SCT). Here we report two cases of SLONM associated with MGUS in which improvements were achieved only with immunotherapy. A 39-year-old woman had a two-year history of dropped head syndrome and progressive proximal weakness. On admission, she was able to walk with assistance and had lordosis with camptocormia...
September 29, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Xin Cheng, Shunxing Jiang, Xiaolin Wang, Alexander W A Kellner
The Wukongopteridae is an important pterosaur group discovered from Yanliao Biota, because it combines character states seen in non-pterodactyloid and pterodactyloid pterosaurs. So far, the Wukongopteridae contains three genera: Wukongopterus, Darwinopterus and Kunpengopterus; representing five species. Here we report on a new specimen, IVPP V 17959, that can be undoubtedly referred to the Wukongopteridae based on the presence of a confluent nasoantorbital fenestra, elongated cervical vertebrae (convergent with Pterodactyloidea) and a long tail enclosed by rod-like bony extensions of the zygapophyses...
2016: PeerJ
Jae-Seop Oh, Min-Hyeok Kang, Zeevi Dvir
BACKGROUND: The strength of the shoulder protractors and retractors may be compromised in individuals with winged scapula (IwWS). However, no standard approach to measuring the strength of these muscles has been described. The aim of this study was to study the intra-rater and inter-rater reproducibility of a fixed-base isometric dynamometer and to describe cutoff scores for clinically meaningful change for protraction and retraction isometric strength. METHOD: Twice during a week, 20 normal subjects and 20 IwWS were tested by 2 independent raters...
November 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Kensuke Ikeda, Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Toshiyuki Yamamoto, Masahiro Sonoo, Shigeaki Suzuki, Yoshiyuki Kondo, Harumasa Nakamura, Kana Mitsuhashi, Meiko Hashimoto Maeda, Jun Shimizu, Yukiko K Hayashi, Ichizo Nishino, Yasushi Oya, Miho Murata
OBJECTIVES: To report cases of chronic autoimmune necrotizing myopathy with anti-signal recognition particle antibodies (anti-SRP myopathy) initially misdiagnosed as muscular dystrophy, in particular, facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). METHODS: Medical records of patients with anti-SRP myopathy in our institution were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: All 6 patients were initially diagnosed with muscular dystrophy because of the long-term clinical course and lack of inflammation on biopsy; 5 were diagnosed with FSHD based on a winged scapula...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
Harry Göransson, Olli V Leppänen, Martti Vastamäki
OBJECTIVES: A lesion in the spinal accessory nerve is typically iatrogenic: related to lymph node biopsy or excision. This injury may cause paralysis of the trapezius muscle and thus result in a characteristic group of symptoms and signs, including depression and winging of the scapula, drooped shoulder, reduced shoulder abduction, and pain. The elements evaluated in this long-term follow-up study include range of shoulder motion, pain, patients' satisfaction, delay of surgery, surgical procedure, occupational status, functional outcome, and other clinical findings...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dual chest banding using elastic bands on the shoulder pain of a scapular dyskinesis patient with winging and an elevated scapula. [Subject] The subject was a 40-year-old male scapular dyskinesis patient with winging, an elevated scapula, and shoulder pain. [Methods] This study developed a method of dual chest banding using elastic bands, and the subject applied this method for 1 month [Results] After applying dual chest banding for one month, the scapular position and scapular winging were improved when compared to the initial conditions...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Mohammad Alsharabati, Ferhat Erol, Mahmoud Bayoumi, Shin J Oh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Kimberly Aderhold, Priya Rajagopalan, Rittu Hingorani, Richard Alweis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
M Mahadevan, M Neeff, G Van Der Meer, C Baguley, W K Wong, M Gruber
OBJECTIVES: Analyze the results and complications of various surgical interventions in a large cohort of children with non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) head and neck infections and suggest a heuristic treatment protocol for managing this condition while aiming to maximize cure and minimize complications. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 104 consecutive patients diagnosed with head and neck NTM at a tertiary paediatric hospital between January 1994 and December 2013 inclusive...
March 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
V Rausch, M Königshausen, J Gessmann, T A Schildhauer, D Seybold
Here we present the case of a young patient with one-sided winged scapula and lyme borreliosis. This disease can be very delimitating in daily life. If non-operative treatment fails, dynamic or static stabilization of the scapula can be a therapeutic option.
June 2016: Der Orthopäde
Gina L O'Grady, Alan Ma, Deborah Sival, Monica T Y Wong, Tony Peduto, Manoj P Menezes, Helen Young, Leigh Waddell, Roula Ghaoui, Merrilee Needham, Monkol Lek, Kathryn N North, Daniel G MacArthur, Conny Ma van Ravenswaaij-Arts, Nigel F Clarke
CHD7 variants are a well-established cause of CHARGE syndrome, a disabling multi-system malformation disorder that is often associated with deafness, visual impairment and intellectual disability. Less severe forms of CHD7-related disease are known to exist, but the full spectrum of phenotypes remains uncertain. We identified a de novo missense variant in CHD7 in a family presenting with musculoskeletal abnormalities as the main manifestation of CHD7-related disease, representing a new phenotype. The proband presented with prominent scapulae, mild shoulder girdle weakness and only subtle dysmorphic features...
August 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Samantha Karlla Lopes de Almeida Rizzi, Cinira Assad Simão Haddad, Patricia Santolia Giron, Thaís Lúcia Pinheiro, Afonso Celso Pinto Nazário, Gil Facina
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of winged scapula after breast cancer surgery, its impact on shoulder morbidity and difference in incidence according to surgery type. METHODS: Patients with breast cancer and surgical indication for axillary dissection were included. A total of 112 patients were surveyed with one physical evaluation before the surgery and others 15, 30, 90, and 180 days after. Winged scapula was assessed with test proposed by Hoppenfeld...
June 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Zohar Dori, Hilla Sarig Bahat
Scapular mobility has a central role in maintaining normal upper limb function. Scapular winging is characterized by a failure in the dynamic stabilization of the scapula against the thoracic wall resulting in a condition in which the medial border of the scapula is prominent. The following case describes a patient who was referred to physiotherapy due to abnormal scapular protrusion. The main findings of the physical examination showed weakness of the scapular stabilizers more prominent on the right side than of the left...
August 2016: Manual Therapy
Wilmar Saldarriaga, Laura Camila Molina-Barrera, Julián Ramírez-Cheyne
UNLABELLED: Sotos Syndrome (SS) is a genetic disease with an autosomal dominant pattern caused by haplo-insufficiency of NSD1 gene secondary to point mutations or microdeletion of the 5q35 locus where the gene is located. It is a rare syndrome, occurring in 7 out of every 100,000 births. The objective of this report is to present the case of a 4 year-old patient with a global developmental delay, as well as specific physical findings suggesting a syndrome of genetic origin. CLINICAL CASE: Female patient, 4 years of age, thinning hair, triangular facie, long palpebral fissure, arched palate, prominent jaw, winged scapula and clinodactilia of the fifth finger both hands...
July 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
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