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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818998/lower-body-negative-pressure-reduces-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-during-head-down-tilt
#1
Karina Marshall-Goebel, Robert Terlević, Darius A Gerlach, Simone Kuehn, Edwin Mulder, Jörn Rittweger
The microgravity ocular syndrome (MOS) results in significant structural and functional ophthalmic changes during 6-month spaceflight missions consistent with an increase in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure compared to the preflight upright position. A ground-based study was performed to assess two of the major hypothesized contributors to MOS, headward fluid shifting and increased ambient CO2, on intracranial and periorbital CSF. In addition, lower body negative pressure (LBNP) was assessed as a countermeasure to headward fluid shifting...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818412/are-extramedian-symptoms-associated-with-peripheral-causes-in-patient-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-electrodiagnostic-and-ultrasonographic-study
#2
Basak Mansiz-Kaplan, Merve Akdeniz-Leblecicier, Ilker Yagci
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between extramedian spreading of sensorial symptoms and median and ulnar nerve cross-sectional area (CSA) and to compare the ultrasonographic and electrophysiological findings in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) with or without extramedian sensory symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with CTS were divided into two groups as with or without extramedian symptoms and were assessed clinically, electrophysiologically and ultrasonographically by three blind investigators...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815018/serum-complexed-and-free-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-are-lower-in-female-elite-athletes-in-comparison-to-control-women
#3
Emma Eklund, Eleftherios P Diamandis, Carla Muytjens, Sarah Wheeler, Anu Mathew, Martin Stengelin, Eli Glezer, Galina Nikolenko, Marshall D Brown, Yingye Zheng, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that prostate specific antigen (PSA), a protein that it is under regulation by androgens, may be differentially expressed in female elite athletes in comparison to control women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 106 female athletes and 114 sedentary age-matched controls.  Serum from these women was analyzed for complexed prostate specific antigen (cPSA) and free prostate specific antigen (fPSA), by fifth generation assays with limits of detection of around 6 and 140 fg/mL, respectively...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814962/circulating-zinc-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-levels-are-low-in-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-correlate-with-adiponectin
#4
Lu Lei, Kejia Li, Ling Li, Xia Fang, Tingting Zhou, Cheng Zhang, Yong Luo, Hua Liu, Xiaoqiang Li, Hongting Zheng, Lin Zhang, Gangyi Yang, Lin Gao
BACKGROUND: Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) is a novel adipokine that reduces insulin resistance, protecting against type 2 diabetes. However, past studies have been contradictory. This cross-sectional study aims to investigate the association of circulating ZAG with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in middle-aged and older Chinese adults. METHODS: Four hundred eighty nine individuals (234 healthy controls and 255 MetS patients) were examined. All individuals were screened for MetS according to the diagnostic guidelines of the United States National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III criteria...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814422/mothers-knowledge-and-attitudes-to-sudden-infant-deathsyndrome-risk-reduction-messages-results-from-a-uk-survey
#5
Anna S Pease, Peter S Blair, Jenny Ingram, Peter J Fleming
OBJECTIVE: To investigate mothers' knowledge of reducing the risks for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and attitudes towards safer sleep practices. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in deprived areas of Bristol, UK. Recruitment took place in 2014 at local health visitor-led baby clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Of 432 mothers approached, 400 (93%) completed the face-to-face survey. Participants with infants at 'higher' risk of SIDS (using an algorithm based on a previous observational study) were compared with those at 'lower' risk...
August 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807396/polycystic-ovary-morphology-age-based-ultrasound-criteria
#6
Hyun-Jun Kim, Judith M Adams, Jens A Gudmundsson, Gudmundur Arason, Cindy T Pau, Corrine K Welt
OBJECTIVE: To determine age-based criteria for polycystic ovary morphology. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, case-control design. SETTING: Outpatient setting. SUBJECT(S): Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) defined by hyperandrogenism and irregular menses (n = 544) and controls with regular menses and no evidence of hyperandrogenism (n = 666) participated. Parameters were tested in a second cohort of women with PCOS (n = 105) and controls (n = 32) meeting the same criteria...
August 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804010/frailty-and-malnutrition-related-and-distinct-syndrome-prevalence-and-association-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-studies
#7
Kai Wei, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Qi Gao, Shiou Liang Wee, Tze-Pin Ng
OBJECTIVE: The association between frailty and malnutrition is widely noted, but the common and distinct aspects of this relationship are not well understood. We investigated the prevalence of prefrailty/frailty and malnutrition/nutritional risk; their overlapping prevalence; compared their sociodemographic, physical, and mental health risk factors; and assessed their association, independently of other risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of population-based cohort (Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study [SLAS]-1 [enrolled 2003-2005] and SLAS-2 [enrolled 2010-2013]) of community-dwelling older Singaporeans aged ≥55 (n = 6045)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789613/risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-hypertensive-patients-at-hawassa-university-comprehensive-specialized-hospital-southern-ethiopia
#8
Agete Tadewos, Tariku Egeno, Antenah Amsalu
BACKGROUND: Data regarding the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among hypertensive patients in Ethiopia is very scarce, and the nature and the burden of MetS among these patients has not been well investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the pattern and risk factors of MetS in hypertensive patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Hawassa University comprehensive specialized hospital from September 2015 to June 2016. Data on socio-demographic, clinical and anthropometric characteristics were collected from 238 hypertensive participants using WHO stepwise technique...
August 8, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789576/association-between-tea-and-coffee-consumption-and-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-poland-results-from-the-wobasz-ii-study-2013-2014
#9
Agnieszka Micek, Giuseppe Grosso, Maciej Polak, Krystyna Kozakiewicz, Andrzej Tykarski, Aleksandra Puch Walczak, Wojciech Drygas, Magdalena Kwaśniewska, Andrzej Pająk
The study aimed to assess a relationship between tea and coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Cross-sectional study of a random sample of total Polish population was done (The WOBASZ II Study), and the present analysis included 5146 participants at age 20 years and above. Tea and coffee consumption was assessed by 24-h recall method. MetS was defined according to IDF/NHLBI/AHA criteria. After adjustment for covariates, coffee consumption was related to blood pressure and HDL cholesterol, and moderate drinkers had 17% lower odds of MetS compared with non-drinkers (OR = 0...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770334/association-between-organic-food-consumption-and-metabolic-syndrome-cross-sectional-results-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#10
Julia Baudry, Hélène Lelong, Solia Adriouch, Chantal Julia, Benjamin Allès, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier, Denis Lairon, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a multicomponent condition, is a cardiovascular disease predictor. Although exposure to agricultural pesticides has been suggested as a potential contributor to the rising rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other features of metabolic disorders, no studies have focused on the association between consumption of organic food (produced without synthetic pesticides) and MetS. We aimed to investigate the cross-sectional association between organic food consumption and MetS in French adults to determine whether it would be worth conducting further studies, particularly large prospective and randomised trials...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762751/associations-between-alcohol-consumption-and-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-young-adults
#11
Duc Du, Raimondo Bruno, Terry Dwyer, Alison Venn, Seana Gall
Introduction The benefits of alcohol consumption for cardiovascular and metabolic health may have been overstated due to inappropriate comparisons with abstainers and inadequate control for confounding factors including physical activity and mental health. We examined alcohol consumption and cardio-metabolic health in a cohort of young Australian adults overcoming these limitations. Methods Cross-sectional data of a cohort of 2200 participants (age range 25-36 years) from the 2004-06 Childhood Determinants of Adult Health were used...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753541/health-related-quality-of-life-among-children-with-turner-syndrome-controlled-cross-sectional-study
#12
Pascal Amedro, Nabil Tahhan, Helena Bertet, Claire Jeandel, Sophie Guillaumont, Thibault Mura, Marie-Christine Picot
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in children with Turner syndrome in comparison with controls. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 16 female girls with Turner syndrome (mean age 15.2±2.6 years) and 78 female controls (mean age 12.7±2.8 years) in randomly selected schools. We used the PedsQL, a generic HR-QoL questionnaire (self and parents' versions). RESULTS: Global HR-QoL scores in Turner syndrome were lower than controls for self-reports (respectively, 74...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749784/concentrations-of-leptin-adiponectin-and-other-metabolic-parameters-in-non-obese-children-with-down-syndrome
#13
Nikhil Tenneti, Devi Dayal, Sheetal Sharda, Inusha Panigrahi, Mohammed Didi, Savita Verma Attri, Naresh Sachdeva, Anil Kumar Bhalla
BACKGROUND: Recent data indicates that adults with Down syndrome (DS) are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that significantly contributes to their morbidity and mortality. Although identification of cardiometabolic risk factors during childhood is desirable to design preventive interventions, the data on such risk factors in children with DS is scarce. The aim of this study was to study the cardiometabolic risk factors such as insulin resistance (IR), leptin and adiponectin concentrations, lipid abnormalities and leptin resistance in non-obese children with DS...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748675/does-diabetes-mellitus-influence-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#14
Yoo Hwan Kim, Kyung Sook Yang, Hanjun Kim, Hung Youl Seok, Jung Hun Lee, Myeong Hun Son, Byung Jo Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been proposed as a risk factor for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), but this remains controversial. We investigated the association between DM and CTS using both ultrasonography (US) and nerve conduction study (NCS) data. METHODS: We analyzed a prospectively recruited database of neuromuscular US and medical records of subjects who had undergone NCSs and electromyography for symptoms suggestive of CTS. Subjects were assigned to the follow groups: Group I, CTS with DM; Group II, CTS without DM; Group III, no CTS with DM; and Group IV, no CTS without DM...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747867/associations-between-fish-intake-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-among-middle-aged-men-and-women-the-hordaland-health-study
#15
Therese Karlsson, Hanne Rosendahl-Riise, Jutta Dierkes, Christian A Drevon, Grethe S Tell, Ottar Nygård
In epidemiologic studies, the relationship between fish consumption and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been inconclusive and sex differences reported. The aim was to investigate associations between fish intake and the MetS in a cross-sectional study of men and women. Fish intake, waist circumference, triglycerides (TG), HDL-C, glucose and blood pressure were assessed among 2874 men and women (46-49 y) in the Hordaland Health Study (1997-1999). Fatty fish intake was inversely associated with TG in men only; mean difference in TG between highest and lowest quartile of fatty fish intake was -0...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746470/relationship-between-ventilation-heterogeneity-and-exercise-intolerance-in-adults-with-sickle-cell-anemia
#16
A J Lopes, C L Marinho, U D Alves, C E A Gonçalves, P O Silva, E C Botelho, R Bedirian, A R Soares, M C P Maioli
Sickle cell anemia (SCA) causes dysfunction of multiple organs, with pulmonary involvement as a major cause of mortality. Recently, there has been growing interest in the nitrogen single-breath washout (N2SBW) test, which is able to detect ventilation heterogeneity and small airway disease when the results of other pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are still normal. Thus, the objectives of the present study were to assess the heterogeneity in the ventilation distribution in adults with SCA and to determine the association between the ventilation distribution and the clinical, cardiovascular, and radiological findings...
July 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744031/relationship-of-locomotive-syndrome-with-health-related-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#17
Hiroaki Kataoka, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Hirohisa Ichikawa, Yukako Arakawa, Yoshihiro Mori
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the prevalence of locomotive syndrome among patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) using the "loco-check" recently developed by the Japanese Orthopedic Association, and to compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among patients with and without locomotive syndrome. [Subjects and Methods] This cross-sectional study evaluated 1,195 outpatients with OSAS (1,030 males and 165 females). Locomotive syndrome was evaluated using the Japanese Orthopedic Association's "loco-check"...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742767/sedentary-occupation-workers-who-meet-the-physical-activity-recommendations-have-a-reduced-risk-for-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, Luiz Fernando Farias-Junior, Yuri Alberto Freire, Daniel Schwade, Geovani de Araújo Dantas de Macêdo, Vilma Bayma Montenegro, Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Filipe Fernandes Oliveira Dantas, Eduardo Caldas Costa
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that sedentary occupation workers who meet the physical activity recommendations present a lower risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS) than their nonactive counterparts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 502 sedentary occupation workers. Physical activity level was self-reported. MetS was defined by International Diabetes Federation criteria. RESULTS: The active group showed lower odds for MetS [odds ratio (OR) 0...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740352/long-term-irritable-bowel-syndrome-symptom-control-with-reintroduction-of-selected-fodmaps
#19
Ruth M Harvie, Alexandra W Chisholm, Jordan E Bisanz, Jeremy P Burton, Peter Herbison, Kim Schultz, Michael Schultz
AIM: To investigate the long-term effect of dietary education on a low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diet on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Participants with IBS (Rome III) were randomized to two groups. Group I commenced a low FODMAP diet at baseline. At three months, group II, so far a comparator group, crossed over to a low FODMAP diet while group I started re-challenging foods. All patients completed the IBS SSS (IBS symptom severity scoring system, 0-500 points increasing with severity), IBS QoL questionnaire (0-100 increasing with QoL), a FODMAP specific food frequency questionnaire and provided a stool sample at baseline, three and six months for microbiome analysis...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737859/association-between-dietary-glycemic-load-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#20
Angela Cornejo-Monthedoro, Isel Negreiros-Sánchez, Carlos Del Águila, Marlit Ysla-Marquillo, Percy Mayta-Tristán
OBJETIVE: To study the association between the metabolic syndrome (MS) and the glycemic load (GL) of food intake among obese children and adolescents seen in consultation by the endocrinology team in a pediatric referral hospital in Lima, Peru. POPULATION AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study among obese children and adolescents (body mass index ≥ 95 percentile), 10-15 years old. The MS was classified according to criteria of the International Diabetes Federation...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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