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lower crossed syndrome

Tuyen Van Duong, Te-Chih Wong, Hsi-Hsien Chen, Tzen-Wen Chen, Tso-Hsiao Chen, Yung-Ho Hsu, Sheng-Jeng Peng, Ko-Lin Kuo, Chi-Sin Wang, I-Hsin Tseng, Yi-Wei Feng, Tai-Yue Chang, Chien-Tien Su, Shwu-Huey Yang
Dietary energy intake strongly linked to dialysis outcomes. We aimed to explore the optimal cut-off point of energy intake (EI) for identification of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in hemodialysis patients. The cross-sectional data of 243 hemodialysis patients from multi-dialysis centers in Taiwan was used. The dietary intake was assessed by using the three-day dietary questionnaire, and a 24-hour dietary recall, clinical and biochemical data were also evaluated. The MetS was diagnosed by the Harmonized Metabolic Syndrome criteria...
2018: PloS One
Caroline C Kingdon, Erinna W Bowman, Hayley Curran, Luis Nacul, Eliana M Lacerda
BACKGROUND: People with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) continue to struggle to have their condition recognised as disabling in the face of public and professional prejudice and discrimination. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the functional status and well-being of people with well-characterised ME/CFS with people with multiple sclerosis (PWMS), as well as healthy controls (HCs). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used data collected as part of the UK ME/CFS Biobank to compare actual participant scores from the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form-36 v2™ (SF-36v2™) between groups, as a proxy for impact of disability, and from a bespoke questionnaire seeking data on employment and income...
March 13, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
Paolo Nardi, Calogera Pisano, Fabio Bertoldo, Sara R Vacirca, Guglielmo Saitto, Antonino Costantino, Emanuele Bovio, Antonio Pellegrino, Giovanni Ruvolo
We retrospectively analyzed early results of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery using two different types of cardioplegia for myocardial protection: antegrade intermittent warm blood or cold crystalloid cardioplegia. From January 2015 to October 2016, 330 consecutive patients underwent isolated on-pump CABG. Cardiac arrest was obtained with use of warm blood cardioplegia (WBC group, n  = 297) or cold crystalloid cardioplegia (CCC group, n  = 33), according to the choice of the surgeon. Euroscore II and preoperative characteristics were similar in both groups, except for the creatinine clearance, slightly lower in WBC group (77...
December 2018: Cell Death Discovery
Joseph M Kheir, Carla J Guthridge, Jonathon R Johnston, Lucas J Adams, Astrid Rasmussen, Timothy F Gross, Melissa E Munroe, Rebecka L Bourn, Kathy L Sivils, Joel M Guthridge, Michael H Weisman, Daniel J Wallace, Juan-Manuel Anaya, Adriana Rojas Villarraga, James N Jarvis, John B Harley, Judith A James
Objective: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease with varied morbidity and mortality. We assessed clinical presentations, autoantibody specificities and therapeutic interventions in Native American (NA) patients with SLE. Methods: Patients with SLE meeting 1997 American College of Rheumatology classification criteria (n=3148) were enrolled between 1992 and 2010 in the multiethnic, cross-sectional Lupus Family Registry and Repository...
2018: Lupus Science & Medicine
Manabu Akahane, Akie Maeyashiki, Yasuhito Tanaka, Tomoaki Imamura
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of musculoskeletal diseases, depressive mental state, and hypertension on locomotive syndrome, a condition of reduced mobility requiring nursing care. Since locomotive syndrome is a major public health issue that needs attention, its relationship with functional inconvenience in performing daily activities was also investigated. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an Internet panel survey, comprising 747 persons aged 30-90 years...
March 12, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
Rasmieh A Alzeidan, Fatemeh Rabiee, Ahmed A Mandil, Ahmad S Hersi, Anhar A Ullah
The aim of this paper is to assess the impact of living in Saudi Arabia on expatriate employees and their families' behavioural cardiovascular risk factors (BCVRFs), and to examine the association between changes in BCVRFs and metabolic syndrome (MetS). A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1437 individuals, aged ≥ 18 years, from King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We used the World Health Organization STEPS questionnaire to ask every participant questions about BCVRFs twice: (1) to reflect their period of living in Saudi Arabia and (2) to shed light upon life in their country of origin...
March 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Roberto W Dal Negro, Alessandro Zanasi, Paola Turco, Massimiliano Povero
Background: Influenza and influenza-like syndromes (I-LSs) are infectious diseases occurring on a seasonal basis which can lead to upper (URTI) and lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI) of different severity. The approach to these disorders is unfortunately not uniform. Aim of the study was to investigate real-life people beliefs, the attitude to their prevention and treatment, and their impact in general population. Methods: A cross-sectional survey via Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) was carried out using a specific questionnaire investigating influenza episode rates, subjects behavior in case of influenza and I-LSs, and prescribed therapy...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Soon-Young Kim, Dong-Il Kim
Aging is associated with increased body fat and lower lean body mass, which leads to increased prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the association of regular participation in walking and body mass index (BMI) with metabolic syndrome and its 5 criteria in elderly Koreans. A total of 3554 (male = 1581, female = 1973) elderly subjects (age ≥ 65 years), who participated in the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V) were analyzed in this cross-sectional study...
March 6, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Shaji C Menon, Ragheed Al-Dulaimi, Brian W McCrindle, David J Goldberg, Ritu Sachdeva, Bryan H Goldstein, Thomas Seery, Karen C Uzark, Anjali Chelliah, Ryan Butts, Heather Henderson, Tiffanie Johnson, Richard V Williams
INTRODUCTION: We sought to evaluate the prevalence of delayed puberty and abnormal anthropometry and its association with quality of life (QoL) in young Fontan survivors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study at 11 Pediatric Heart Network centers. Demographic and clinical data, anthropomety, and Tanner stage were collected. Anthropometric measurements and pubertal stage were compared to US norms. QoL was assessed using Pediatric Quality of Life inventory (PedsQL)...
March 9, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Janet M Chiang, Frank Z Stanczyk, Alka M Kanaya
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Asian Indians have a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 150 Asian Indians (50% male) from the San Francisco Bay Area. We assessed the association between 25-OH vitamin D (25-OHD) levels and vitamin D deficiency with body composition (anthropometric and radiographic measures) and metabolic outcomes...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Gi-Young Park, Dong Rak Kwon, Jung Im Seok, Dong-Soon Park, Hee Kyung Cho
Background Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral compression neuropathy of the upper extremity. Recently, dynamic ultrasound (US) imaging has shown differences in median nerve mobility between the affected and unaffected sides in CTS. Purpose The present study was performed to compare the median nerve mobility between patients with CTS and healthy individuals, and to correlate median nerve mobility with the severity of CTS. Material and Methods A total of 101 patients (128 wrists) with CTS and 43 healthy individuals (70 wrists) were evaluated...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Hee Sun Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim, Kyung Ok Kang, Yi Sik Kim
AIM: This study aimed to identify health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and its determinants in outpatients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used and a total of 124 Korean participants was enrolled. The HRQoL (physical limitations, treatment satisfaction, and disease perception), symptom experience (frequency, severity, and distress), physiological (left ventricular ejection fraction and lipids), psychological (depression and anxiety), and situational (social support) factors were measured, selected on the basis of the theory of unpleasant symptoms...
March 7, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
Nicola Napoli, Rocky Strollo, Giuseppe Defeudis, Gaetano Leto, Chiara Moretti, Simona Zampetti, Luca D'Onofrio, Giuseppe Campagna, Andrea Palermo, Valentina Greto, Silvia Manfrini, Mohammed I Hawa, R David Leslie, Paolo Pozzilli, Raffaella Buzzetti
Purpose: Bone formation is impaired in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes (T2D) while sclerostin, an antagonist of bone formation, is increased in T2D only. No data are available on latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), an autoimmune type of diabetes that may clinically resemble T2D at diagnosis. We evaluated serum sclerostin and bone turnover markers in LADA compared with T2D, and whether sclerostin is affected by metabolic syndrome (MetS) in T2D or LADA. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 98 T2D and 89 LADA patients from the Action LADA and NIRAD cohorts...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
João Amaral, Catarina Sanches, Duarte Marques, José Vaz Patto, Filipe Barcelos, António Mata
AIMS: The objective of this study was to perform the Portuguese transcultural adaptation of the original Brazilian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) while evaluating the association between hyposalivation and quality of life in a Sjögren´s Syndrome population. METHODS: The original Brazilian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 was culturally adapted following the guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation of health-related quality of life measures...
March 5, 2018: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Serkan Yener, Mustafa Secil, Omer Demir, Basak Ozgen, Kutsal Yorukoglu
CONTEXT: To investigate whether any association between chemical shift magnetic resonance (MRI) findings, cortisol secretion and pathological findings exist that could predict subclinical hypercortisolism (SCH) in patients with adrenal incidentalomas (AI). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross sectional study in a tertiary centre. PATIENTS: Sixty-eight subjects with AIs and 13 patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS). Patients with AIs were categorized according to cortisol levels post 1mg dexamethasone (post-DST)...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
Helia Pourmand, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Parvane Saneei, Hamed Daghaghzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND: Most studies assessing the influence of a low fermentable oligo-, di-, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms were clinical trials with a small sample size. OBJECTIVE: This study was done to examine the association between adherence to a low FODMAP diet and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in Iranian adults. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data on 3362 Iranian adults were collected...
March 1, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Mahalaqua Nazli Khatib, Anuraj H Shankar, Richard Kirubakaran, Abhay Gaidhane, Shilpa Gaidhane, Padam Simkhada, Zahiruddin Quazi Syed
BACKGROUND: Cancer sufferers are amongst the most malnourished of all the patient groups. Studies have shown that ghrelin, a gut hormone can be a potential therapeutic agent for cachexia (wasting syndrome) associated with cancer. A variety of mechanisms of action of ghrelin in people with cancer cachexia have been proposed. However, safety and efficacy of ghrelin for cancer-associated cachexia have not been systematically reviewed. The aim of this review was to assess whether ghrelin is associated with better food intake, body composition and survival than other options for adults with cancer cachexia...
February 28, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
M Pourhassan, I Cuvelier, I Gehrke, C Marburger, M K Modreker, D Volkert, H P Willschrei, R Wirth
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of refeeding syndrome (RFS) in older patients is not well-known. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of known risk factors for RFS in older individuals during hospitalization at geriatric hospital departments. DESIGN AND SETTING: 342 consecutive older participants (222 females) who admitted at acute geriatric hospital wards were included in a cross-sectional study. We applied the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) criteria for determining patients at risk of RFS...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Marina Sagud, Suzana Vlatkovic, Dubravka Svob Strac, Mario Sviben, Maja Zivkovic, Maja Vilibic, Bjanka Vuksan-Cusa, Alma Mihaljevic-Peles, Nela Pivac
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested a complex association between Toxoplasma gondii (TG) infection and host lipid metabolism. Both TG infection and metabolic disturbances are very common in patients with schizophrenia, but this relationship is not clear. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the association between TG seropositivity, serum lipid levels, body mass index (BMI) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in 210 male inpatients with schizophrenia...
February 12, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Dan Wang, Xiao-Ping Yu, Wei-Ming Xiao, Xiu-Ping Jiao, Jian Wu, Dong-Ling Teng, Ke-Yan Wu, Min Zhang, Qing-Tian Zhu, Xin-Nong Liu, Yan-Bing Ding, Guo-Tao Lu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of fatty pancreas in Yangzhou, China. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Initially, 2093 subjects were included in the study. After the exclusion of 865 subjects based on incomplete information, a total of 1228 subjects were selected for further analysis. The subjects were stratified into two groups (the fatty pancreas group and the non-fatty pancreas group) based on the results...
February 19, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
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