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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209375/suboptimal-achievement-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-targets-in-french-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-contemporary-data-from-the-dysis-ii-acs-chd-study
#1
Jean Ferrières, Maja Velkovski Rouyer, Dominik Lautsch, Veronica Ashton, Baishali M Ambegaonkar, Philippe Brudi, Anselm K Gitt
BACKGROUND: European guidelines recommend a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) target of<1.8mmol/L (70mg/dL), and/or a≥50% reduction when the target level cannot be reached, for patients at very high cardiovascular risk, and high-potency lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). AIM: To document the prevalence of lipid abnormalities and the achievement of lipid targets among patients surviving an ACS and in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD), using data from the DYSIS II study...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208904/a-cross-sectional-study-of-quality-of-life-among-subjects-with-epilepsy-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#2
M Anu, K Suresh, P L Basavanna
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a chronic disorder associated with profound physical and psychological consequences leading to impaired quality of life (QoL). Evaluation of the QoL among epileptics would throw light on various factors that impair or affect the QoL in such a population. AIM: To study the QoL among epileptic patients attending outpatient departments of a tertiary care hospital and to identify various factors that affect the QoL in such a population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional observational questionnaire based study, including patients with epilepsy, who were on antiepileptic drugs, on follow-up for minimum one year, aged more than 18years, both sexes and who were seizure free in the previous 24hours...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207961/muscle-stiffness-of-posterior-lower-leg-in-runners-with-a-history-of-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome
#3
Junya Saeki, Masatoshi Nakamura, Sayaka Nakao, Kosuke Fujita, Ko Yanase, Noriaki Ichihashi
Previous history of medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a risk factor for MTSS relapse, which suggests that there might be some physical factors that are related to MTSS development in runners with a history of MTSS. The relationship between MTSS and muscle stiffness can be assessed in a cross-sectional study that measures muscle stiffness in subjects with a history of MTSS, who do not have pain at the time of measurement, and in those without a history of MTSS. The purpose of this study was to compare the shear elastic modulus, which is an index of muscle stiffness, of all posterior lower leg muscles of subjects with a history of MTSS and those with no history and investigate which muscles could be related to MTSS...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207821/relationship-of-work-family-conflict-self-reported-social-support-and-job-satisfaction-to-burnout-syndrome-among-medical-workers-in-southwest-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Shujuan Yang, Danping Liu, Hongbo Liu, Juying Zhang, Zhanqi Duan
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a psychosomatic syndrome widely observed in Chinese medical workers due to the increasing cost of medical treatment, excessive workload, and excessive prescribing behavior. No studies have evaluated the interrelationship among occupational burnout, work-family conflict, social support, and job satisfaction in medical workers. The aim of this study was to evaluate these relationships among medical workers in southwest China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2013 and December 2013, and was based on the fifth National Health Service Survey (NHSS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202634/dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-metabolic-outcomes-among-adult-samoans-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Dongqing Wang, Nicola L Hawley, Avery A Thompson, Viali Lameko, Muagatutia Sefuiva Reupena, Stephen T McGarvey, Ana Baylin
Background: The Samoan population has been undergoing a nutrition transition toward more imported and processed foods and a more sedentary lifestyle.Objectives: We aimed to identify dietary patterns in Samoa and to evaluate their associations with metabolic outcomes.Methods: The sample of this cross-sectional study includes 2774 Samoan adults recruited in 2010 (1104 with metabolic syndrome compared with 1670 without). Principal component analysis on food items from a 104-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to identify dietary patterns...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201826/adiposity-indexes-as-phenotype-specific-markers-of-preclinical-metabolic-alterations-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Fernanda Missio Mario, Scheila Karen Graff, Poli Mara Spritzer
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition in women of reproductive age. 2 PCOS phenotypes (classic and ovulatory) are currently recognized as the most prevalent, with important differences in terms of cardiometabolic features. We studied the performance of different adiposity indexes to predict preclinical metabolic alterations and cardiovascular risk in 234 women with PCOS (173 with classic and 61 with ovulatory PCOS) and 129 controls. Performance of waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, conicity index, lipid accumulation product, and visceral adiposity index was assessed based on HOMA-IR ≥ 3...
February 15, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194410/acute-feasibility-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-severely-obese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Isabelle Vivodtzev, Nicola A Maffiuletti, Anne-Laure Borel, Angélique Grangier, Bernard Wuyam, Renaud Tamisier, Jean-Louis Pépin
Objective. Obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are closely interconnected conditions both leading to high cardiovascular risk. Inactivity is frequent and physical activity programs remain difficult in these patients. We investigated the acute feasibility of two neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) modalities in extremely inactive obese patients with OSA. Design. A randomized cross-over study, with two experimental sessions (one per condition: multipath NMES versus conventional NMES). Setting. Outpatient research hospital...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185485/effects-of-work-environment-on-patient-and-nurse-outcomes
#8
Panagiota Copanitsanou, Nikolaos Fotos, Hero Brokalaki
BACKGROUND: Several parameters of the nurse's work environment lead to fewer patient complications and lower nurse burnout. The aim of this systematic review was the analysis of research data related to the effect of nurses' work environments on outcomes for both patients and nurses. METHODS: Medline was searched by using keywords: 'working conditions', 'work environment', 'nurses', 'nursing staff', 'patients', 'outcomes'. RESULTS: In total, 10 studies were included, of which 4 were cross-sectional and the remaining were descriptive correlational studies...
February 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183274/disability-in-long-term-care-residents-explained-by-prevalent-geriatric-syndromes-not-long-term-care-home-characteristics-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Natasha E Lane, Walter P Wodchis, Cynthia M Boyd, Thérèse A Stukel
BACKGROUND: Self-care disability is dependence on others to conduct activities of daily living, such as bathing, eating and dressing. Among long-term care residents, self-care disability lowers quality of life and increases health care costs. Understanding the correlates of self-care disability in this population is critical to guide clinical care and ongoing research in Geriatrics. This study examines which resident geriatric syndromes and chronic conditions are associated with residents' self-care disability and whether these relationships vary across strata of age, sex and cognitive status...
February 10, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182668/cross-sectional-study-of-mode-of-delivery-and-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-mainland-china
#10
Lei Hou, Susan Hellerstein, Allison Vitonis, Liying Zou, Yan Ruan, Xin Wang, Weiyuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery (CD) rates have risen globally with nearly 50% of the non-indicated CDs worldwide in China and Brazil. In China's One Child Policy era (1979-2015) most deliveries were women having their only child. Family size is a major determinant of the safety of medically non-indicated CD or CD on maternal request. The goal of this study is to document CD rates, indications, and analyze the relative safety of non-indicated CD compared to SVD and intrapartum CD. METHODS: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of the association between mode of delivery and short-term maternal and perinatal outcomes were performed on a cross-section of all deliveries at 39 hospitals in 14 provinces of China in 2011, presented as adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 99% confidence intervals (CI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181393/blepharocheilodontic-bcd-syndrome-new-insights-on-craniofacial-and-dental-features
#11
Wael Awadh, Anu Kiukkonen, Pekka Nieminen, Sirpa Arte, Kirsti Hurmerinta, David P Rice
Blepharocheilodontic (BCD) syndrome is a rare condition characterized by bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), eyelid abnormalities, and oligodontia. Despite orofacial clefting and oligodontia being central features of the condition, detailed reports of dental and craniofacial characteristics are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyze the dental and craniofacial features in a group of patients with BCD syndrome (three of which were related). Cephalometric radiographic analyses were performed on BCD syndrome patients (all radiographs taken at age 8 years) and compared to 40 randomly selected age-matched controls (20 non-syndromic BCLP, 20 non-cleft)...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178118/microscopy-of-stained-urethral-smear-in-male-urethritis-which-cutoff-should-be-used
#12
Harald Moi, Usha Hartgill, Kristin Helene Skullerud, Elina J Reponen, Line Syvertsen, Amir Moghaddam
BACKGROUND: The microscopical diagnosis of male urethritis was recently questioned by Rietmeijer and Mettenbrink, lowering the diagnostic criteria of the diagnosis to ≥2 polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNL) per high power field (HPF), and adopted by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in their 2015 STD Treatment Guidelines. The European Non-Gonococcal Urethritis Guideline advocates a limit of ≥5 PMNL/HPF. OBJECTIVE: To determine if syndromic treatment of urethritis should be considered with a cutoff value of ≥2 PMNL/HPF in urethral smear...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173868/docosahexaenoic-acid-increases-accumulation-of-adipocyte-triacylglycerol-through-up-regulation-of-lipogenic-gene-expression-in-pigs
#13
Chao-Wei Huang, Yu-Jen Chen, Jui-Ting Yang, Ching-Yi Chen, Kolapo M Ajuwon, Shuen-Ei Chen, Nan-Wei Su, Yu-Shan Chen, Harry J Mersmann, Shih-Torng Ding
BACKGROUND: Changing dietary fatty acid composition in modern diet influences the prevalence of obesity. Increasing evidences suggest favorable effects of n-3 PUFA for protecting against obesity and the metabolic syndrome. However, the regulation of n-3 PUFA in adipose is still unclear. Thus, this study addressed metabolism of different dietary fats in the adipose tissue of porcine model. METHODS: Eight-week-old cross-bred pigs were randomly assigned to three groups and fed a 2% fat diet for 30 days from either soybean oil (SBO), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or beef tallow...
February 7, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167860/the-effect-of-the-treatment-with-heated-humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-on-neonatal-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-china-a-single-center-experience
#14
Ge Zheng, Xiao-Qiu Huang, Hui-Hui Zhao, Guo-Xing Jin, Bin Wang
Background. Noninvasive respiratory support is considered the optimal method of providing assistance to preterm babies with breathing problems, including nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) and humidified high flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC). The evidence of the efficacy and safety of HHHFNC used as the primary respiratory support for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is insufficient in low- and middle-income countries. Objective. To investigate the effect of heated humidified high flow nasal cannula on neonatal respiratory distress syndrome compared with nasal continuous positive airway pressure...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166540/effect-of-tobacco-smoking-on-the-clinical-histopathological-and-serological-manifestations-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#15
Donald U Stone, Dustin Fife, Michael Brown, Keith E Earley, Lida Radfar, C Erick Kaufman, David M Lewis, Nelson L Rhodus, Barbara M Segal, Daniel J Wallace, Michael H Weisman, Swamy Venuturupalli, Michael T Brennan, Christopher J Lessard, Courtney G Montgomery, R Hal Scofield, Kathy L Sivils, Astrid Rasmussen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association of smoking habits with the clinical, serological, and histopathological manifestations of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and non-Sjögren's sicca (non-SS sicca). METHODS: Cross-sectional case-control study of 1288 patients with sicca symptoms (587 SS and 701 non-SS sicca) evaluated in a multi-disciplinary research clinic. Smoking patterns were obtained from questionnaire data and disease-related clinical and laboratory data were compared between current, past, ever, and never smokers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164278/quantification-of-walking-based-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-individuals-with-rett-syndrome
#16
Jenny Downs, Helen Leonard, Kingsley Wong, Nikki Newton, Kylie Hill
AIM: To quantify, in individuals with Rett syndrome with the capacity to walk, walking-based activity and sedentary time, and to analyse the influences of age, walking ability, scoliosis, and the severity of epilepsy. METHOD: Sixty-four participants with a mean age of 17 years and 7 months (standard deviation [SD] 9y) were recruited from the Australian Rett Syndrome Database for this cross-sectional study. Each participant wore a StepWatch Activity Monitor for at least 4 days...
February 6, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159666/development-of-a-recombinase-polymerase-amplification-lateral-flow-dipstick-rpa-lfd-for-the-field-diagnosis-of-caprine-arthritis-encephalitis-virus-caev-infection
#17
Po-An Tu, Jia-Shian Shiu, Shu-Hwae Lee, Victor Fei Pang, De-Chi Wang, Pei-Hwa Wang
Caprine arthritis-encephalitis (CAE) in goats is a complex disease syndrome caused by a lentivirus. This persistent viral infection results in arthritis in adult goats and encephalitis in lambs. The prognosis for the encephalitic form is normally poor, and this form of the disease has caused substantial economic losses for goat farmers. Hence, a more efficient detection platform based on recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) and a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) was developed in the present study for detecting the proviral DNA of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158964/hip-and-lumbar-spine-physical-examination-findings-in-people-presenting-with-low-back-pain-with-or-without-lower-extremity-pain
#18
Heidi Prather, Abby Cheng, Karen Steger May, Vaibhav Maheshwari, Linda VanDillen
Study Design Prospective cohort study, cross-sectional design. Background The hip-spine syndrome is described in patients with known arthritis of the hip. This study describes the hip examination findings of people presenting with low back pain (LBP). Objectives (1) report examination findings of the hip in patients with LBP, (2) compare pain and function of patients with positive hip examination findings to those without. Methods An examination and validated questionnaires of spine and hip pain and function were completed...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158152/effects-of-dry-needling-on-spinal-mobility-and-trigger-points-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#19
Adelaida Maria Castro-Sanchez, Hector Garcia-Lopez, Guillermo A Mataran-Penarrocha, Manuel Fernandez-Sanchez, Cayetano Fernandez-Sola, Jose Granero-Molina, Maria Encarnacion Aguilar-Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: The etiology of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is inconclusive, but central mechanisms are well accepted for this pain condition. Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal pain diseases and is characterized by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). It has been suggest that MTrPs have an important factor in the genesis of FMS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of dry needling versus cross tape on spinal mobility and MTrPs in spinal muscles in patients with FMS...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150443/manual-mri-morphometry-in-parkinsonian-syndromes
#20
Leona Möller, Jan Kassubek, Martin Südmeyer, Rüdiger Hilker, Elke Hattingen, Karl Egger, Florian Amtage, Elmar H Pinkhardt, Gesine Respondek, Maria Stamelou, Franz Möller, Alfons Schnitzler, Wolfgang H Oertel, Susanne Knake, Hans-Jürgen Huppertz, Günter U Höglinger
BACKGROUND: Several morphometric magnetic resonance imaging parameters may serve for differential diagnosis of parkinsonism. The objective of this study was to identify which performs best in clinical routine. METHODS: We acquired multicentric magnetization-prepared rapid gradient echo sequences in patients with Parkinson's disease (n=204), progressive supranuclear palsy (n=106), multiple system atrophy-cerebellar, (n = 21); multiple system atrophy-parkinsonian (n = 60), and healthy controls (n = 73), performed manual planimetric measurements, and calculated receiver operator characteristics with leave-one-out cross-validation to propose cutoff values...
February 2, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
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