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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926404/metabolic-health-across-the-body-mass-index-spectrum-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-men
#1
Jordan E Lake, Xiuhong Li, Frank J Palella, Kristine M Erlandson, Dorothy Wiley, Lawrence Kingsley, Lisa P Jacobson, Todd T Brown
OBJECTIVES: In the general population, metabolic health (MH) often declines as body mass index (BMI) increases. However, some obese individuals maintain MH. HIV and antiretroviral therapy (ART) have been associated with metabolic disturbances. We hypothesized that HIV-infected (HIV+) men on suppressive ART experience less MH than HIV-uninfected (HIV-) men across all BMI categories. DESIGN/METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis of 1018 HIV+ and 1092 HIV- men enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study, Poisson regression with robust variance determined associations between HIV serostatus and MH prevalence (defined as meeting 2 of 5 NCEP/ATP III metabolic syndrome criteria), adjusting for age, race, BMI category, smoking and hepatitis C virus infection status...
September 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922061/alanine-aminotransferase-and-total-bilirubin-are-synergistically-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-japanese-women
#2
Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Kensuke Senzaki, Teru Kumagi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with an increased risk of major cardiovascular events. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) at high levels and total bilirubin (T-BiL) at low levels were oxidative potentials, but it was uncertain whether ALT and T-BiL had an additive interaction for the risk of MetS. METHODS: From a single community, we recruited 864 women (70 ± 8 years) during their annual health examination. We cross-sectionally investigated whether ALT and T-BiL are associated with MetS and its components based on the modified criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP-ATP) III report...
September 18, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919917/anxiety-but-not-depression-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-the-isfahan-healthy-heart-program
#3
Hamed Akbari, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Hamid Aria, Alireza Gholami Garaei, Habib Zakeri
BACKGROUND: Only a few studies have carried out to evaluate the association of depression and anxiety with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to investigate whether the depression and anxiety are associated with MetS and its different components. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study forms part of the prospective Isfahan Cohort Study. A total of 470 participants were chosen. Anxiety and depression symptoms were measured using hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS)...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918492/decreased-plasma-neuregulin-4-concentration-is-associated-with-increased-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Pi-Jun Yan, Yong Xu, Qin Wan, Jian Feng, Hua Li, Chen-Lin Gao, Jun Yang, Hai-Hua Zhong, Zhi-Hong Zhang
AIMS: Inflammation has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This principal objective of this study was to investigate if the secretion of neuregulin 4 (Nrg4), a soluble protein associated with metabolic syndrome and subclinical cardiovascular disease, is correlated with the inflammation marker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (nT2DM). METHODS: A study group of 311 nT2DM patients was divided into three subgroups based on hs-CRP tertiles...
September 16, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917373/efficacy-of-topical-rose-rosa-damascena-mill-oil-for-migraine-headache-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-cross-over-trial
#5
Maria Niazi, Mohammad Hashem Hashempur, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mojtaba Heydari, Abdolhamid Shariat
AIM: To evaluate the effect of topical formulation of Rosa damascena Mill. (R. damascena) oil on migraine headache, applying syndrome diffrentiation model. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty patients with migraine headache were randomly assigned to 2 groups of this double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over trial. The patients were treated for the first 2 consecutive migraine headache attacks by topical R. damascena oil or placebo. Then, after one week of washout period, cross-over was done...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892959/prevalence-of-conventional-risk-factors-and-evaluation-of-baseline-indices-among-young-and-elderly-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#6
Arsalan Majeed Adam, Aiman Rehan, Nageen Waseem, Unzela Iqbal, Hira Saleem, Muhammad Armughan Ali, Ali Tariq Shaikh, Ansab Godil
INTRODUCTION: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, manifesting in a variety of clinical spectrums such as an asymptomatic disease or acute coronary syndrome. It has become highly prevalent in Southeast Asia, including Pakistan. There has been little work done on the prevalence of traditional risk factors in different age groups and genders and there is a dire need to gauge the importance of baseline indices in CAD patients. AIM: To determine the prevalence of conventional risk factors and evaluate the variations in lipid profiles, electrolyte levels and haematological indices among patients with CAD in different age groups and gender...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891824/low-fodmap-a-preliminary-strategy-to-reduce-gastrointestinal-distress-in-athletes
#7
Dana M Lis, Trent Stellingwerff, Cecilia M Kitic, James W Fell, Kiran D K Ahuja
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal (GI) distress in endurance athletes is prevalent and detrimental to performance. Adverse GI symptomatology can be analogous with irritable bowel syndrome, where fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyols (FODMAP) reduction has demonstrated efficacy. This study investigated the effects of low FODMAP (LFOD) diet on GI distress parameters in runners with a history of non-clinical exercise-associated GI symptoms. METHODS: Eleven recreationally competitive runners (5 males, 6 females; 5km personal best 23:00±4:02 min:sec) participated in the study...
September 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890943/trial-of-amiloride-in-type-2-diabetes-with-proteinuria
#8
Mark L Unruh, V Shane Pankratz, John E Demko, Evan C Ray, Rebecca P Hughey, Thomas R Kleyman
INTRODUCTION: Renal Na(+) retention and extracellular fluid volume expansion are hallmarks of nephrotic syndrome, which occurs even in the absence of activation of hormones that stimulate renal Na(+) transporters. Plasmin-dependent activation of the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) has been proposed to have a role in renal Na(+) retention in the setting of nephrotic syndrome. We hypothesized that the ENaC inhibitor amiloride would be an effective therapeutic agent in inducing a natriuresis and lowering blood pressure in individuals with macroscopic proteinuria...
September 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890837/why-it-is-not-always-anxiety-a-tough-diagnosis-of-stiff-person-syndrome
#9
Carmen Elena Cervantes, Hsien Lee Lau, Tina Ataian Binazir, Keith O O'Brien, Jonathan S Cross
Anxiety disorder is a commonly used diagnosis that may mask underlying conditions. Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neuroimmunological disorder characterized by progressive rigidity and painful muscle spasms affecting axial and lower extremity musculature. These episodes can be triggered by sudden movement, noise, or emotional stress, which may present as a psychiatric condition. We report the case of a 30-year-old female who presented with recurrent panic attacks with multiple prior hospital admissions for anxiety, rigidity, and difficulty in walking...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887810/advantages-of-chinese-medicine-for-patients-with-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome-in-rural-central-china
#10
Qian-Lei Xu, Hui-Jun Guo, Yan-Tao Jin, Jian Wang, Zi-Qiang Jiang, Zheng-Wei Li, Xiu-Min Chen, Ying Liu, Li-Ran Xu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of Chinese medicine (CM) on mortality and quality of life (QOL) of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients treated with combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). METHODS: A random sample of AIDS patients enrolled in the National Chinese Medicine Treatment Trial Program (NCMTP) that met the inclusion criteria was included in this study. NCMTP patients were included as the CM+cART group, and those not in the NCMTP were included as the cART group...
September 8, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881349/reduced-serum-phosphorus-levels-were-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-men-but-not-in-women-a-cross-sectional-study-among-the-japanese-population
#11
Masanori Shimodaira, Shinji Okaniwa, Tomohiro Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Reduced serum phosphorus (SP) levels are reported to be associated with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, there have been a few gender-specific studies although SP levels are substantially different between men and women. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 16,041 subjects (9,076 men and 6,965 women) were analyzed. The subjects were divided into 3 groups of gender-specific tertiles based on phosphorus levels: the lowest (T1), middle (T2), and the highest (T3)...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878827/association-of-the-leptin-to-adiponectin-ratio-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-sub-saharan-african-population
#12
Clarisse Noël A Ayina, Francky Teddy A Endomba, Samuel Honoré Mandengue, Jean Jacques N Noubiap, Laurent Serge Etoundi Ngoa, Philippe Boudou, Jean-François Gautier, Jean Claude Mbanya, Eugene Sobngwi
BACKGROUND: Worldwide there is an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome mainly due to life-style modifications, and Africans are not saved of this situation. Many markers have been studied to predict the risk of this syndrome but the most used are leptin and adiponectin. Data on these metabolic markers are scare in Africa and this study aimed to assess the association between the leptin-to-adiponectin ratio (LAR) with metabolic syndrome in a Cameroonian population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that included 476 adults among a general population of Cameroon...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872764/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-intravesical-prostatic-protrusion-in-benign-prostatic-enlargement-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-mips-study
#13
G I Russo, F Regis, P Spatafora, J Frizzi, D Urzì, S Cimino, S Serni, M Carini, M Gacci, G Morgia
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and morphological features of benign prostatic enlargement (BPE), including total prostate volume (TPV), transitional zone volume (TZV) and intra vesical prostatic protrusion (IPP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2015 to January 2017, 224 consecutive men older than 50 years presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of BPE were recruited in this multicentre cross-sectional study...
September 5, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870141/physical-and-psychosocial-characteristics-of-current-child-dancers-and-nondancers-with-systemic-joint-hypermobility-a-descriptive-analysis
#14
Leslie L Nicholson, Roger Adams, Louise Tofts, Verity Pacey
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background The effect of current participation in dance training on joint pain and instability, fatigue, and quality of life is unknown. Objectives To examine differences in joint pain, instability, gross-motor skills, non-musculoskeletal systemic manifestations, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and fatigue between children with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome-Hypermobility Type (JHS/EDS-HT) who currently undertake formal dance training and those who do not...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866631/association-of-gender-specific-risk-factors-in-metabolic-and-cardiovascular-diseases-an-nhanes-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
Xiu-E Zhang, Bei Cheng, Qian Wang, Jing-Jing Wan
In the present cross-sectional study, based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, 2007-2010) cohorts, various risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) were analyzed (n=12,153). The variables analyzed include, demographics, comorbidities associated with MetS or CVD, behavioral and dietary factors, while the primary endpoints were the prevalence of MetS and CVD. The prevalence of MetS and CVD was slightly higher in males as compared with females (42...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864375/metformin-use-and-vitamin-b12-deficiency-untangling-the-association
#16
René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Juan Montes-Villarreal, Karla Victoria Rodríguez-Velver, Camilo González-Velázquez, Alejandro Salcido-Montenegro, Anasofia Elizondo-Plazas, José Gerardo González-González
BACKGROUND: Current evidence linking vitamin B12 deficiency with metformin use is inconsistent. Hence, there is uncertainty regarding the diagnostic approach in this scenario. Furthermore, this possible association has not been studied in the complete spectrum of patients with diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, controlled study with the objective of assessing differences in serum vitamin B12 levels among patients with and without diabetes with different metformin-treatment regimens...
August 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858045/corneal-hysteresis-is-reduced-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#17
Suchitra Nadarajah, Amir Samsudin, Norlina Ramli, Chong Tin Tan, Zahari Mimiwati
SIGNIFICANCE: To our knowledge, this is the first time a study looking at the association between corneal hysteresis (CH) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) severity has been reported. We provide evidence that CH is lower in OSAS and speculate on the possible causes. PURPOSE: The present study aims to look at the association between CH and severity of OSAS, and whether CH could be another link between OSAS and the development of glaucoma. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study at the University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur...
August 25, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856946/spontaneous-hit-syndrome-post-knee-replacement-surgery-with-delayed-recovery-of-thrombocytopenia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Dilli Ram Poudel, Sushil Ghimire, Rashmi Dhital, Daniel A Forman, Theodore E Warkentin
Recently published reports have established a heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT)-mimicking thromboembolic disorder without proximate heparin exposure, called spontaneous HIT syndrome. Although the pathophysiology remains unclear, anti-platelet factor 4 (PF4)/heparin antibodies possibly triggered by exposure to knee cartilage glycosaminoglycans or other non-heparin polyanions found on bacterial surfaces and nucleic acids have been postulated. We present a 53-year-old female receiving antithrombotic prophylaxis with aspirin following right total knee replacement surgery (without perioperative or any previous lifetime heparin exposure) who acutely presented with high-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) and right great saphenous vein thrombophlebitis on postoperative day (POD) 14; her platelet count at presentation was 13 × 10(9)/L...
September 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855420/dietary-patterns-exhibit-sex-specific-associations-with-adiposity-and-metabolic-risk-in-a-cross-sectional-study-in-urban-mexican-adolescents
#19
Wei Perng, Carmen Fernandez, Karen E Peterson, ZhenZhen Zhang, Alejandra Cantoral, Brisa N Sanchez, Maritsa Solano-González, Martha Maria Téllez-Rojo, Ana Baylin
Background: Studies in Western nations have shown associations of certain dietary patterns with obesity and metabolic risk in youth. Little is known about these relations in newly industrialized countries where obesity prevalence is surpassing those of developed countries.Objectives: We sought to characterize dietary patterns in a cross-sectional study in 224 adolescents aged 8-14 y in Mexico and to investigate associations of the dietary patterns with adiposity and metabolic risk.Methods: We used principal components analysis to derive dietary patterns from food-frequency questionnaire data...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844187/evaluation-of-oxidative-status-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ebru Saglam, Cenk Fatih Canakcı, Saime Ozbek Sebin, Nesrin Saruhan, Metin Ingec, Hümeyra Canakcı, Ufuk Sezer
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the salivary and serum 8-hydroxy-2´-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels as well as total antioxidant status (TAS), in females with chronic periodontitis (CP) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), compared to healthy females. METHODS: Four groups, each consisting of 22 individuals, respectively women with both PCOS and CP (PCOSCP), systemically healthy women with CP (CP), periodontally healthy women with PCOS (PCOSPH) and periodontally and systemically healthy women (PH)...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
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