keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

lower crossed syndrome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165896/investigation-of-the-abnormal-nasal-aerodynamics-and-trigeminal-functions-among-empty-nose-syndrome-patients
#1
Chengyu Li, Alexander A Farag, Guillermo Maza, Sam McGhee, Michael A Ciccone, Bhakthi Deshpande, Edmund A Pribitkin, Bradley A Otto, Kai Zhao
BACKGROUND: Abnormal nasal aerodynamics or trigeminal functions have been frequently implicated in the symptomology of empty nose syndrome (ENS), yet with limited evidence. METHODS: Individual computed tomography (CT)-based computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was applied to 27 ENS patients to simulate their nasal aerodynamics and compared with 42 healthy controls. Patients' symptoms were confirmed with Empty Nose Syndrome 6-item Questionnaire (ENS6Q), 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22), and Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scores...
November 22, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165095/metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-people-treated-with-long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics
#2
Vanessa Sanchez-Martinez, Dolores Romero-Rubio, Maria Jose Abad-Perez, Maria Amparo Descalzo-Cabades, Sofia Alonso-Gutierrez, Jose Salazar-Fraile, Vicente Montagud, Lorenzo Facila
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia and other severe mental disorders have an increased mortality mainly attributed to natural causes, specifically cardiovascular disease and cancer. The metabolic syndrome and the Framingham Risk Score are epidemiologic tools related to long-term cardiovascular disease risk and they are increased in people with severe mental disorders. This increase has been attributed both to the disorder itself and to the use of antipsychotic drugs. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the cardiovascular risk in a group of people treated with long-acting injectable antipsychotics...
November 20, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159396/association-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-lower-brain-volume-in-healthy-middle-aged-adults-in-the-framingham-study
#3
Galit Weinstein, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Sarah R Preis, Alexa S Beiser, Charles DeCarli, Elizabeth K Speliotes, Claudia L Satizabal, Ramachandran S Vasan, Sudha Seshadri
Importance: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common condition that is most often asymptomatic. It is associated with metabolic syndrome, incident diabetes, carotid atherosclerosis, and endothelial dysfunction, conditions that in turn are strongly linked with brain damage and cognitive impairment. However, it is not known whether NAFLD is associated with structural brain measures in humans. Objective: To assess the association between prevalent NAFLD and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures...
November 20, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157224/shoulder-mri-features-with-clinical-correlations-in-subacromial-pain-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-and-prognostic-study
#4
Elisabeth Kvalvaag, Masoud Anvar, Anna Cecilia Karlberg, Jens Ivar Brox, Kaia Beck Engebretsen, Helene Lundgaard Soberg, Niels Gunnar Juel, Erik Bautz-Holter, Leiv Sandvik, Cecilie Roe
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on shoulder patients have suggested that the prevalence of rotator cuff or bursa abnormalities are weakly related to symptoms and that similar findings are often found in asymptomatic persons. In addition, it is largely unknown whether structural changes identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) affect outcome after treatment for shoulder pain. The purpose of this study was therefore to evaluate the presence of structural changes on MRI in patients with subacromial pain syndrome and to determine to what extent these changes are associated with symptoms and predict outcome after treatment (evaluated by the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI))...
November 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155152/higher-prevalence-and-earlier-appearance-of-geriatric-phenotypes-in-old-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Marina Kotsani, Thekla Chatziadamidou, Dimitrios Economides, Athanase Benetos
AIMS: To compare the prevalence of cognitive dysfunction, depression, lower mobility performance, disability and falls in older community-dwelling individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and in controls of similar age. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in primary health care settings in 3 semi-urban regions in Greece. Were assessed 403 community-dwelling older persons (age ≥65years, median: 73), 198 with and 205 without diabetes. Common geriatric syndromes were studied using structured individual interviews and widely-used screening scales...
November 16, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150377/urgent-versus-post-stabilisation-antiretroviral-treatment-in-hospitalised-hiv-infected-children-in-kenya-push-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Irene N Njuguna, Lisa M Cranmer, Vincent O Otieno, Cyrus Mugo, Hellen M Okinyi, Sarah Benki-Nugent, Barbra Richardson, Joshua Stern, Elizabeth Maleche-Obimbo, Dalton C Wamalwa, Grace C John-Stewart
BACKGROUND: Urgent antiretroviral therapy (ART) among hospitalised HIV-infected children might accelerate recovery or worsen outcomes associated with immune reconstitution. We aimed to compare urgent versus post-stabilisation ART among hospitalised HIV-infected children in Kenya. METHODS: In this unmasked randomised controlled trial, we randomly assigned (1:1) HIV-infected, ART-naive children aged 0-12 years who were eligible for treatment to receive ART within 48 h (urgent group) or in 7-14 days (post-stabilisation group) at four hospitals in Kenya (two in Nairobi and two in western Kenya)...
November 14, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149458/hormone-therapy-and-patients-satisfaction-with-treatment-in-a-large-cohort-of-diverse-disorders-of-sex-development-dsd
#7
Anna Nordenström, Robert Röhle, Ute Thyen, Claire Bouvattier, Jolanta Slowikowska-Hilczer, Nicole Reisch, Hedi Claahsen van der Grinten, Aude Brac de la Perriere, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Birgit Köhler
OBJECTIVES: To describe and investigate the hormone treatments in individuals with different forms of disorders of sex development (DSD), and the patients own views on their treatment. DESIGN: Multicentre cross-sectional clinical evaluation, dsd-LIFE in six European countries from 02/2014 to 09/2015. PARTICIPANTS: 1040 adolescents and adults (≥16 years) with different DSD conditions. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: Hormone replacement, information received and patient satisfaction...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147930/snp-association-study-in-pms2-associated-lynch-syndrome
#8
Sanne W Ten Broeke, Fadwa A Elsayed, Lisa Pagan, Maran J W Olderode-Berends, Encarna Gomez Garcia, Hans J P Gille, Liselot P van Hest, Tom G W Letteboer, Lizet E van der Kolk, Arjen R Mensenkamp, Theo A van Os, Liesbeth Spruijt, Bert J W Redeker, Manon Suerink, Yvonne J Vos, Anja Wagner, Juul T Wijnen, E W Steyerberg, Carli M J Tops, Tom van Wezel, Maartje Nielsen
Lynch syndrome (LS) patients are at high risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Phenotypic variability might in part be explained by common susceptibility loci identified in Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS). Previous studies focused mostly on MLH1, MSH2 and MSH6 carriers, with conflicting results. We aimed to determine the role of GWAS SNPs in PMS2 mutation carriers. A cohort study was performed in 507 PMS2 carriers (124 CRC cases), genotyped for 24 GWAS SNPs, including SNPs at 11q23.1 and 8q23.3...
November 17, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146678/cross-organ-sensitisation-between-the-colon-and-bladder-to-pee-or-not-to-pee
#9
Luke Grundy, Stuart M Brierley
Chronic abdominal and pelvic pain are common, debilitating clinical conditions experienced by millions of patients around the globe. The origin of such pain commonly arises from the intestine and bladder, which share common primary roles; the collection, storage and expulsion of waste. These visceral organs are located in close proximity to one another, and also share common innervation from spinal afferent pathways. Chronic abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhoea are primary symptoms for patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) or Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145538/association-between-socioeconomic-determinants-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-adults-degs1-a-mediation-analysis
#10
Diego Montano
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome and different socioeconomic characteristics including education and occupational status have been found to be associated in previous research. Nonetheless, theoretical models defining core variables and causal processes accounting for these associations are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the present investigation are (1) to present a theoretical model integrating physiological, biochemical, and psychosocial factors determining metabolic syndrome prevalence and (2) to corroborate the hypothesis that socioeconomic determinants are (partially) mediated by health-related behaviors, health risks, and dietary habits...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144802/lipid-accumulation-product-visceral-adiposity-index-and-chinese-visceral-adiposity-index-as-markers-of-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adult-growth-hormone-deficiency-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Xin Xie, Qing Li, Lingmin Zhang, Wei Ren
OBJECTIVE: Adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD) is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors. Given that cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the AGHD population, there is a need for alternative, non-invasive methods of assessing cardiometabolic risk in this population. Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI) is a new marker of visceral fat dysfunction that is based on age, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and metabolic parameters...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138407/spirometry-is-not-enough-to-diagnose-copd-in-epidemiological-studies-a-follow-up-study
#12
Elena Andreeva, Marina Pokhaznikova, Anatoly Lebedev, Irina Moiseeva, Olga Kuznetsova, Jean-Marie Degryse
A hallmark of the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the measurement of post-bronchodilator (post-BD) airflow obstruction (AO) by spirometry, but spirometry is not enough for the provision of a clinical diagnosis. In the majority of previous epidemiological studies, COPD diagnosis has been based on spirometry and a few clinical characteristics. The aim of our study was to identify outcomes in patients newly diagnosed with airflow obstruction (AO) based on a diagnostic work-up conducted as part of a population-based cross-sectional study in North-Western Russia...
November 14, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136622/serum-transaminase-concentrations-and-the-presence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-are-associated-with-serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-concentrations-in-adolescent-girls-who-are-overweight-and-obese
#13
Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Hassanali Vatanparast, Amir Avan, Mohammad Bagherniya, Afsane Bahrami, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vitamin D deficiency has become endemic globally and its etiology is complex. Few studies have investigated the determinants of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH D). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between lifestyle patterns, liver functional tests (LFTs), and the presence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with serum 25-OH D in apparently healthy girls. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken in 965 adolescent girls aged 12-18 years...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129471/higher-intake-of-fish-and-fat-is-associated-with-lower-plasma-s-adenosylhomocysteine-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Mads V Lind, Lotte Lauritzen, Oluf Pedersen, Henrik Vestergaard, Ken D Stark, Torben Hansen, Alastair B Ross, Mette Kristensen
Several B-vitamins act as co-factors in one-carbon metabolism, a pathway that plays a central role in several chronic diseases. However, there is a lack of knowledge of how diet affects markers in one-carbon metabolism. The aim of this study was to explore dietary patterns and components associated with one-carbon metabolites. We hypothesized that intake of whole-grains and fish would be associated with lower Hcy, and higher SAM:SAH ratio due to their nutrient content. We assessed dietary information using a four-day dietary record in 118 men and women with features of the metabolic syndrome...
October 2, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119539/higher-prevalence-of-unrecognized-kidney-disease-at-high-altitude
#15
Abdias Hurtado-Arestegui, Raul Plata-Cornejo, Arturo Cornejo, Guiliana Mas, Luz Carbajal, Shailendra Sharma, Erik R Swenson, Richard J Johnson, Jackelina Pando
BACKGROUND: High altitude renal syndrome has been described in populations with excessive erythrocytosis. We evaluated whether high altitude (HA) dwellers might be at increased risk for kidney disease. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study to investigate differences in prevalence of kidney function and metabolic syndrome in healthy subjects living at HA vs. sea level (SL) without any known history of hypertension, diabetes or chronic kidney disease. RESULTS: We examined 293 subjects, aged 40 to 60 years: 125 SL (154 m) and 168 HA (3640 m) dwellers...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114377/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-a-sample-of-iranian-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#16
Ferdous Mehrabian, Roya Jahanmardi
Introduction: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy in women in reproductive age that is associated with insulin resistance (IR) and metabolic abnormalities which are also a part of metabolic syndrome (Met S). This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) women diagnosed with PCOS based on the Rotterdam criteria from January 2013 to June 2014. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 75 women with PCOS and 75 healthy controls were enrolled...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112985/the-relation-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#17
Domenico Paolo Emanuele Margiotta, Fabio Basta, Giulio Dolcini, Veronica Batani, Luca Navarini, Antonella Afeltra
INTRODUCTION: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is associated to an increased prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MeS) and to a reduction of Quality of Life (QoL). The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between MeS and QoL in SLE. METHODS: SLE patients were consecutively enrolled in a cross sectional study. MeS was defined according to IFD definition. Therapy with glucocorticoids (GC) and antimalarial was analyzed as cumulative years of exposure. We used a cut off of 7...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110048/detection-of-femoroplasty-on-pre-and-post-arthroscopic-comparison-radiographs-following-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-multi-reader-accuracy-and-agreement-study
#18
Steffen J Haider, Alan H Siegel, Kevin F Spratt, James B Ames, J Allen Graham, Yvonne Y Cheung
OBJECTIVE: To assess diagnostic accuracy and agreement among radiologists in detecting femoroplasty on pre- and post-arthroscopic comparison frog lateral and anteroposterior (AP) pelvic radiographs after treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, cross-sectional study, 86 patients underwent hip arthroscopy (52 with and 34 without femoroplasty) for treatment of FAI syndrome. Three radiologists blinded to clinical data and chronological order of the pre- and post-arthroscopic comparison radiographs independently examined AP pelvis and frog lateral radiographs to detect femoroplasty changes...
November 6, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109457/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-is-an-influencing-factor-for-the-association-of-shbg-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-diabetes-patients
#19
Xiaomin Hua, Man Li, Fenghui Pan, Yunyun Xiao, Wenxia Cui, Yun Hu
Metabolic syndrome (MS) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have been identified as risk factors affecting serum sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels. We conducted this cross-sectional study to delineate whether MS or NAFLD has more impact on circulating SHBG levels in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters including serums SHBG, testosterone (TT), liver enzymes, lipids, insulin, C-peptide and plasma glucose were measured. Regardless of the MS status, SHBG level was significantly lower in NAFLD patients than in non-NAFLD patients (P < 0...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104254/gender-and-weight-influence-quality-of-life-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#20
LeeAnne B Sherwin, Onyinyechi M Ozoji, Christina M Boulineaux, Paule V Joseph, Nicolaas H Fourie, Sarah K Abey, Xuemin Zhang, Wendy A Henderson
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain and bowel dysfunction in the absence of structural abnormality. Diagnosis can be challenging and often leads to extensive medical tests, non-effective therapeutic modalities, and reduced quality of life (QOL). Identifying factors associated with dysfunction have the potential to enhance outcomes. Participants with IBS (n = 41) and healthy volunteers (n = 74) were recruited into this cross-sectional, descriptive, natural history protocol at the National Institute of Health, Clinical Center...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
keyword
keyword
64621
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"