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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545316/lower-extremity-fractures-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-characteristics-outcome-and-risk-factors-for-non-unions
#1
Lukas Grassner, Barbara Klein, Doris Maier, Volker Bühren, Matthias Vogel
CONTEXT: Sublesional osteoporosis is an important sequel after spinal cord injury (SCI) resulting in a high incidence of fractures and impaired osseous healing due to altered bone metabolism. The following study aims to identify demographic characteristics and outcome of patients with SCI with lower extremity fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Level-I cross-regional trauma center. PARTICIPANTS: All patients with SCI suffering from osteoporotic/pathologic fractures during an 11-year-period (01/2003-12/2013) at the Center for Spinal Cord Injuries (Trauma Center Murnau) were analyzed via a chart review...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544904/decreased-prefrontal-functional-brain-response-during-memory-testing-in-women-with-cushing-s-syndrome-in-remission
#2
Oskar Ragnarsson, Andreas Stomby, Per Dahlqvist, Johan A Evang, Mats Ryberg, Tommy Olsson, Jens Bollerslev, Lars Nyberg, Gudmundur Johannsson
Neurocognitive dysfunction is an important feature of Cushing's syndrome (CS). Our hypothesis was that patients with CS in remission have decreased functional brain responses in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus during memory testing. In this cross-sectional study we included 19 women previously treated for CS and 19 controls matched for age, gender, and education. The median remission time was 7 (IQR 6-10) years. Brain activity was studied with functional magnetic resonance imaging during episodic- and working-memory tasks...
May 12, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543550/polycystic-ovary-morphology-is-associated-with-insulin-resistance-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#3
So-Hyeon Hong, Yeon-Ah Sung, Young Sun Hong, Kyungah Jeong, Hyewon Chung, Hyejin Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous disorder characterised by chronic anovulation, hyperandrogenenism, polycystic ovary morphology (PCOM), and metabolic disturbances including insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Although insulin resistance could be associated with PCOM, recent studies have shown controversial results. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between PCOM and insulin resistance. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This was a cross-sectional clinical study...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541089/decreased-frequency-of-peripheral-blood-cd8-cd25-foxp3-regulatory-t-cells-correlates-with-il-33-levels-in-pre-eclampsia
#4
Jianxiu Yu, Lei Qian, Fenghui Wu, Ming Li, Wei Chen, Hongyou Wang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the role of CD8(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+)regulatory T (Treg) cells in pre-eclampsia (PE). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 46 patients with PE and 24 normotensive women within the third trimester of gestation. We analyzed the percentages of CD8(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+)Treg cells in peripheral blood using flow cytometry and the serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-17A, IL-10, TGF-β1, IL-1β, and IL-33 by Luminex 200. RESULTS: We found that patients with PE had lower percentages of CD8(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+)Treg cells than normotensive pregnant women...
May 25, 2017: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540984/inverse-relationship-between-hepatic-steatosis-and-alanine-aminotransferase-with-sex-hormone-binding-globulin-in-men
#5
In Ho Seo, Hyung Bin Lee, Shinhye Kim, Yong Jae Lee, Dong Hyuk Jung
PURPOSE: Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is a serum glycoprotein produced predominantly in hepatocytes. As such, the synthesis of SHBG could be associated with liver function and metabolic syndrome. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels could reflect hepatocellular injury and insulin resistance; however, the relationship between hepatic steatosis and ALT with SHBG has not been investigated in humans. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between SHBG and hepatocyte damage among Korean male patients with hepatic steatosis enrolled in a health examination program...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539979/association-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-electrocardiographic-markers-of-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease
#6
Theodora W Elffers, Renée de Mutsert, Hildo J Lamb, Arie C Maan, Peter W Macfarlane, Ko Willems van Dijk, Frits R Rosendaal, J Wouter Jukema, Stella Trompet
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components are well-established risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). It is inconclusive whether MetS and MetS score are associated with electrocardiographic markers of subclinical CVD, therefore we investigated this in a population without pre-existing CVD. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis in the Netherlands Epidemiology of Obesity study, a population-based cohort including 6671 participants aged 45-65...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535557/endogenous-pain-facilitation-rather-than-inhibition-differs-between-people-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-multiple-sclerosis-and-controls-an-observational-study
#7
Simon M Collin, Jo Nijs, Mira Meeus, Andrea Polli, Barbara Willekens, Kelly Ickmans
BACKGROUND: Commonalities in the core symptoms of fatigue and cognitive dysfunction experienced by chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS, also known as ME) and multiple sclerosis (MS) patients have been described. Many CFS and MS patients also experience chronic pain, which has been attributed to central sensitization in both groups of patients. However, the characteristics of pain in CFS and MS patients have not been compared. OBJECTIVES: To compare experimental pain measurements in patients with CFS or MS and healthy controls...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505018/the-variation-of-the-5-hydroxytryptamine-system-between-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-rats-and-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-rats-induced-by-forced-treadmill-running
#8
Yin Cao, Qinglin Li
The aim of this study was to observe the variation in the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) system between a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model and a chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) model. The total distance, the crossing pieces, and rearing times in the open-field test of the CUMS group and the CFS group were all less than those of the control group to different degrees. The concentrations of tryptophan, 5-HT, and 5-HIAA of the CUMS group were obviously lower than those of the control group. In the CFS model, the concentrations of tryptophan, 5-HT, and 5-HIAA were obviously higher than those of the control group...
May 12, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501874/screening-tool-for-early-postnatal-prediction-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-preterm-newborns-step-rop
#9
Caroline A Ricard, Christiane E L Dammann, Olaf Dammann
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disorder of the preterm newborn characterized by neurovascular disruption in the immature retina that may cause visual impairment and blindness. OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical screening tool for early postnatal prediction of ROP in preterm newborns based on risk information available within the first 48 h of postnatal life. METHODS: Using data submitted to the Vermont Oxford Network (VON) between 1995 and 2015, we created logistic regression models based on infants born <28 completed weeks gestational age...
May 13, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497091/restless-leg-syndrome-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-in-mashhad-hemodialysis-centers
#10
Niloufar Zadeh Saraji, Maryam Hami, Reza Boostani, Mohammad Javad Mojahedi
Introduction: Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a sensory motor disorder. Patients with this syndrome have serious and uncontrollable desire to move their legs, which is mostly due to an uncomfortable feeling intensified when they are motionless. It may be a genetic disorder or secondary to iron deficiency, neurodegenerations, pregnancy, some drugs and severe kidney diseases. Objectives: This study was designed to find out the prevalence and its risk factors of RLS in hemodialysis patients. Patients and Methods: This multicenter cross-sectional study was done on 260 hemodialysis patients...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491171/transverse-mobility-of-pelvic-kidney-causing-left-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis
#11
Christopher P Vittore, Robert A Murray
A case of May-Thurner-like syndrome was found to be a result of a pelvic kidney compressing the left common iliac vein. Cross-sectional imaging demonstrated transverse mobility of the pelvic kidney which has not been described previously. The ectopic kidney's mobility resulted in intermittent venous compression. In a patient with recurrent lower extremity deep venous thrombosis and a pelvic kidney, the possibility of movement of the kidney resulting in venous compression needs to be considered.
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486177/depressive-symptom-profiles-cardio-metabolic-risk-and-inflammation-results-from-the-midus-study
#12
Diana A Chirinos, Kyle W Murdock, Angie S LeRoy, Christopher Fagundes
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to (1) provide a comprehensive characterization of depressive symptoms profiles, and (2) examine the cross-sectional association between depressive symptom profiles and cardio-metabolic outcomes, including metabolic syndrome and obesity, while controlling for sociodemographic variables, health behaviors and inflammation. METHODS: Our sample was comprised of 1085 participants (55.80% female) enrolled in the MIDUS-II biomarker study. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to derive depressive symptom profiles using subscales of the Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire (MASQ) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) subscales as well as Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) global score...
April 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486047/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-from-northeastern-brazil-association-with-disease-activity
#13
Kirla Wagner Poti Gomes, Ana Joicy Pinheiro Luz, Marcos Rainier de Brito Felipe, Lara Amorim Beltrão, André Xenofonte Cartaxo Sampaio, Carlos Ewerton Maia Rodrigues
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and controls from Northeastern Brazil and to verify its association with specific RA parameters and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: The prevalence of MetS was assessed cross-sectionally in 338 RA patients from a single center and 84 age and gender-matched controls from the local community. MetS was defined according to NCEP/ATPIII guidelines. Disease activity was assessed with CDAI, SDAI and DAS28 scores...
May 9, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474510/circulating-selenoprotein-p-levels-in-relation-to-mri-derived-body-fat-volumes-liver-fat-content-and-metabolic-disorders
#14
Romina di Giuseppe, Manja Koch, Sabrina Schlesinger, Jan Borggrefe, Marcus Both, Hans-Peter Müller, Jan Kassubek, Gunnar Jacobs, Ute Nöthlings, Wolfgang Lieb
OBJECTIVE: Association studies of selenoprotein P (SELENOP) with cardiometabolic traits in humans are relatively scarce and, in part, conflicting. A general population sample from Northern Germany was evaluated for cross-sectional associations of circulating SELENOP concentrations with metabolic syndrome (MetS), total volumes of MRI-determined visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous (SAT) abdominal adipose tissue, liver signal intensity, and fatty liver disease (FLD). METHODS: Nine hundred and five participants received comprehensive clinical and molecular phenotyping along with measurement of serum SELENOP; 584 individuals received MRI...
June 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458832/a-rare-presentation-of-klippel-trenaunay-syndrome-with-bilateral-lower-limbs
#15
Akira Baba, Shinji Yamazoe, Yumi Okuyama, Kanichiro Shimizu, Yuko Kobashi, Yosuke Nozawa, Yohei Munetomo, Takuji Mogami
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a vascular lymphatic malformation underlying with bony and soft tissue hypertrophy. It is a rare condition presenting in 1 out of 10 000 people. The growth disturbance due to KTS is more commonly unilateral (85%) than bilateral (12.5%), and most rarely crossed-bilateral (2.5%). A man in his 40s presented to our hospital with a complaint of lower limb discomfort. Radiograph, ultrasonography, computed tomography venography, magnetic resonance (and venography) showed various radiological findings characteristic for KTS...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458704/association-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-with-metabolic-parameters-and-dietary-habits-among-medical-undergraduate-students-in-southeastern-of-iran
#16
Omid Eslami, Mansour Shahraki, Touran Shahraki, Hossein Ansari
BACKGROUND: To date, there is still inconclusive evidence on the extra-gastric manifestations of Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection. This study aimed to determine whether there is an association between H.pylori infection with metabolic syndrome and dietary habits among medical undergraduate students in south-eastern of Iran, Zahedan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done among 363 undergraduate students in Zahedan University of Medical Sciences during spring 2014...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458462/partial-lipodystrophy-in-patients-who-have-undergone-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-during-childhood-an-institutional-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Masanori Adachi, Yuji Oto, Koji Muroya, Junko Hanakawa, Yumi Asakura, Hiroaki Goto
Partial lipodystrophy (PD), a condition similar to metabolic syndrome without obesity, is one of the late complications of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) performed during childhood. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of PD. A cross-sectional survey was performed in a children's hospital, targeting patients treated for a malignancy or hematological disorder, and who were disease-free for > 24 mo. PD was defined as gluteal lipoatrophy and lipohypertrophy of the cheeks or neck associated with diabetes and/or fatty liver disease...
2017: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449894/young-children-with-down-syndrome-show-normal-development-of-circadian-rhythms-but-poor-sleep-efficiency-a-cross-sectional-study-across-the-first-60-months-of-life
#18
Fabian Fernandez, Casandra C Nyhuis, Payal Anand, Bianca I Demara, Norman F Ruby, Goffredina Spanò, Caron Clark, Jamie O Edgin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate sleep consolidation and circadian activity rhythms in infants and toddlers with Down syndrome (DS) under light and socially entrained conditions within a familiar setting. Given previous human and animal data suggesting intact circadian regulation of melatonin across the day and night, it was hypothesized that behavioral indices of circadian rhythmicity would likewise be intact in the sample with DS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 66 infants and young children with DS, aged 5-67 months, and 43 typically developing age-matched controls...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449491/characteristics-and-provision-of-care-of-patients-with-the-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-descriptive-findings-from-the-dacapo-cohort-baseline-and-comparison-with-international-findings
#19
Frank Dodoo-Schittko, Susanne Brandstetter, Magdalena Brandl, Sebastian Blecha, Michael Quintel, Steffen Weber-Carstens, Stefan Kluge, Patrick Meybohm, Caroline Rolfes, Björn Ellger, Friedhelm Bach, Tobias Welte, Thomas Muders, Kathrin Thomann-Hackner, Thomas Bein, Christian Apfelbacher
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the characteristics and real world life circumstances of ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome) patient populations. This knowledge is essential for transferring evidence-based therapy into routine healthcare. The aim of this study was to report socio-demographic and clinical characteristics in an unselected population of ARDS patients and to compare these results to findings from other large ARDS cohorts. METHODS: A German based cross-sectional observational study was carried out...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445310/diagnostic-accuracy-of-serum-alanine-aminotransferase-as-biomarker-for-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-insulin-resistance-in-healthy-subjects-using-3t-mr-spectroscopy
#20
Jose Luis Martin-Rodriguez, Jorge Gonzalez-Cantero, Alvaro Gonzalez-Cantero, Juan Pedro Arrebola, Jorge Luis Gonzalez-Calvin
Recognition of the close relationship of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with diabetes mellitus 2, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease has stimulated growing interest in NAFLD as a public health problem. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) has been proposed as a marker of NAFLD, but levels are within the range currently considered "normal" in a large proportion of NAFLD subjects.The aim of the study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of serum ALT for identifying individuals with NAFLD, using 3-Tesla (T) magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-MRS)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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