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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919650/association-between-dysfunction-of-upper-extremity-and-locomotive-syndrome-in-general-population
#1
Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Noboru Oya, Chisa Okura, Satoshi Shinagawa, Takanori Kitagawa, Hiroki Kobayashi, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relation between self-assessment of upper extremity function and locomotive syndrome in a general population. METHODS: Using the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function (GLFS-25) test, 320 Japanese people (115 men, 205 women, mean age 67.6 years, 40-92 years) were evaluated for locomotive dysfunction. All had completed a self-administered questionnaire including items for sex, weight, height, dominant hand, and the degree of frequency of hand in ADL...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912949/seasonal-variations-of-prescriptions-for-the-major-syndrome-types-and-manifestations-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-in-tradition-chinese-medicine
#2
Yuh-Hsiang Yeh, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Nicole Huang, Christy Pu, Pesus Chou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the seasonal variations of prescriptions for the three most common syndrome types and the three major manifestations of upper respiratory infections (URIs) according to the theories of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. We examined a random sample comprising 1,000,000 beneficiaries from the National Health Insurance program in 2005. Primary diagnoses including International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification Codes 460-465 and 487 were regarded as URIs, for which 160,357 prescriptions of Chinese herbal medicine were analyzed...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820624/diagnostic-challenges-and-clinical-characteristics-of-hepatitis-e-virus-associated-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#3
Olivier Stevens, Kristl G Claeys, Koen Poesen, Veroniek Saegeman, Philip Van Damme
Importance: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) recently has been shown to be an antecedent infection in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), but the clinical spectrum of HEV-associated GBS is not yet documented, and diagnosing acute HEV infection can be a challenge. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of HEV-associated GBS in a Belgian cohort, study the clinical spectrum of HEV-associated GBS, and discuss difficulties in diagnosing acute HEV infection. Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-center, retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 1, 2007, and November 1, 2015...
November 7, 2016: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814787/relation-between-renal-function-and-coronary-plaque-morphology-from-the-assessment-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-with-drug-eluting-stents-virtual-histology-intravascular-ultrasound-substudy
#4
Chee Yang Chin, Gary S Mintz, Shigeo Saito, Bernhard Witzenbichler, D Christopher Metzger, Michael J Rinaldi, Ernest L Mazzaferri, Peter L Duffy, Giora Weisz, Thomas D Stuckey, Bruce R Brodie, Claire Litherland, Ajay J Kirtane, Gregg W Stone, Akiko Maehara
We sought to examine the relation between various degrees of renal function and coronary plaque morphology by grayscale and virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). ADAPT-DES was a prospective, multicenter registry of 8,582 consecutive patients treated using coronary drug-eluting stents with a prespecified grayscale and virtual histology-IVUS substudy. A lesion-level analysis of study participants was performed by comparing IVUS parameters of culprit and nonculprit lesions across tertiles of estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl)...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807693/reliability-of-drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-interobserver-agreement
#5
Marina Carrasco-Llatas, Vanessa Zerpa-Zerpa, José Dalmau-Galofre
PURPOSE: Several studies have demonstrated the validity, reliability, and safety of drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) in assessing the collapse of the upper airway (UA) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypoapnea syndrome (OSAHS). The aim of this study was to assess the interobserver agreement on DISE and on therapeutic decision between an expert observer and an observer in training. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Thirty-one DISE videos performed in our service were randomly selected...
November 3, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799707/is-ultrasonography-useful-in-the-diagnosis-of-the-polyneuropathy-in-diabetic-patients
#6
Mehmet Agirman, Ilker Yagci, Merve Akdeniz Leblebicier, Demet Ozturk, Gulseren Derya Akyuz
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of polyneuropathy in diabetic patients by examination of the median and ulnar nerves. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty-three diabetic patients and fourteen controls were enrolled in the study. Nerve conduction studies were performed on both upper and lower limbs. Median and ulnar nerve cross-sectional areas were measured at the wrist and forearm levels in 140 hands by ultrasound. [Results] The median nerve cross-sectional area was increased at the hook of hamatum, pisiform bone, and radioulnar joint levels in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733254/fat-accumulation-in-the-tongue-is-associated-with-male-gender-abnormal-upper-airway-patency-and-whole-body-adiposity
#7
Ivan R B Godoy, Edgar Leonardo Martinez-Salazar, Alireza Eajazi, Pedro R Genta, Miriam A Bredella, Martin Torriani
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between tongue adiposity with upper airway measures, whole-body adiposity and gender. We hypothesized that increased tongue adiposity is higher in males and positively associated with abnormal upper airway measures and whole-body adiposity. METHODS: We studied subjects who underwent whole-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography to obtain tongue attenuation (TA) values and cross-sectional area, pharyngeal length (PL) and mandibular plane to hyoid distance (MPH), as well as abdominal circumference, abdominal subcutaneous and visceral (VAT) adipose tissue areas, neck circumference (NC) and neck adipose tissue area...
November 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713421/upper-tract-urothelial-carcinomas-frequency-of-association-with-mismatch-repair-protein-loss-and-lynch-syndrome
#8
Holly L Harper, Jesse K McKenney, Brandie Heald, Andrew Stephenson, Steven C Campbell, Thomas Plesec, Cristina Magi-Galluzzi
Increased risk for upper tract urothelial carcinoma is described in patients with Lynch syndrome, caused by germline mutations in mismatch repair genes. We aimed to identify the frequency of mismatch repair protein loss in upper tract urothelial carcinoma and its potential for identifying an association with Lynch syndrome. We queried our database to identify upper tract urothelial carcinomas. Patients were cross-referenced for history of colorectal carcinoma or other common Lynch syndrome-associated neoplasms to enrich for potential Lynch syndrome cases...
October 7, 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706169/magnitude-of-birth-defects-in-central-and-northwest-ethiopia-from-2010-2014-a-descriptive-retrospective-study
#9
Molla Taye, Mekbeb Afework, Wondwossen Fantaye, Ermias Diro, Alemayehu Worku
BACKGROUND: Birth defects are defined as structural and functional defects that develop during the organogenesis period and present at birth or detected later in life. They are one of the leading causes of infant and child mortality, morbidity, and long term disability. The magnitude of birth defects varies from country to country and from race/ethnicity to race/ethnicity, and about 40-60% of their causes are unknown. The known causes of birth defects are genetic and environmental factors which may be prevented...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676782/bladder-sphincter-disorders-and-quality-of-life-of-traumatic-brain-injury-tunisian-experience
#10
Mariem Rekik, Khaoula Achour, Anouer Abdallah, Sonia Lebib, Imen Miri, Fatima Zahra Ben Salah, Catherine Dziri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the bladder and sphincter function after brain injury (BI) and to review their association with quality of life (QOL). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study, including patients referred to physical and rehabilitation medicine department at the Med Kassab Institute of Orthopedics. The initial gravity data were collected. The bladder-sphincter assessment included evaluation of the urine drain mode, the irritative disorders, obstructive disorders, disorders of transit and the existence of secondary anal lesions...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578507/soluble-st2-levels-and-left-ventricular-structure-and-function-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Vera Celic, Anka Majstorovic, Biljana Pencic-Popovic, Aleksandra Sljivic, Natalia Lopez-Andres, Ignacio Roy, Elena Escribano, Maite Beunza, Amaia Melero, Federico Floridi, Laura Magrini, Rossella Marino, Gerardo Salerno, Patrizia Cardelli, Salvatore Di Somma
BACKGROUND: A biomarker that is of great interest in relation to adverse cardiovascular events is soluble ST2 (sST2), a member of the interleukin family. Considering that metabolic syndrome (MetS) is accompanied by a proinflammatory state, we aimed to assess the relationship between sST2 and left ventricular (LV) structure and function in patients with MetS. METHODS: A multicentric, cross-sectional study was conducted on180 MetS subjects with normal LV ejection fraction as determined by echocardiography...
November 2016: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549623/receiver-operating-characteristics-of-impulse-oscillometry-parameters-for-predicting-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-preobese-and-obese-snorers
#12
Arikin Abdeyrim, Liang Tang, Arzugl Muhamat, Kelimu Abudeyrim, YongPing Zhang, NanFang Li, Yinchun Wang, Minghua Zhao
BACKGROUND: Inability to maintain upper-airway patency during sleep is a cause of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its sequelae. The associated syndrome (OSAS) is common in obese populations, currently, nocturnal polysomnography is the gold standard for diagnosing this conditions, but the diagnostic procedures are expensive and time-consuming. Therefore, identification of new markers of OSAS would be useful. This study aims to examine the receiver operating characteristics of impulse oscillometry (IOS) parameters for the prediction of OSAS in preobese and obese snoring patients...
August 22, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530419/assessment-of-upper-airway-configuration-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-with-computed-tomography-imaging-during-m%C3%A3-ller-maneuver
#13
Jie-Feng Huang, Gong-Ping Chen, Bi-Ying Wang, Han-Sheng Xie, Jian-Ming Zhao, Li-Hua Wu, Li-Da Chen, Qi-Chang Lin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this observational study was to investigate the relationship between upper-airway configuration assessed by CT imaging during the Müller maneuver state and the severity of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: A total of 358 snoring subjects who underwent standard polysomnography and upper-airway configuration by using CT imaging were enrolled. According to the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), subjects were classified into 4 groups: snoring group (simple snoring), AHI < 5; mild OSAS, 5 ≤ AHI < 15; moderate OSAS, 15 ≤ AHI < 30; and severe OSAS, AHI ≥ 30...
December 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529295/comparison-of-regional-fat-mass-measurement-by-whole-body-dxa-scans-and-anthropometric-measures-to-predict-insulin-resistance-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-controls
#14
Dorte Glintborg, Maria Houborg Petersen, Pernille Ravn, Anne Pernille Hermann, Marianne Andersen
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by obesity and insulin resistance. Measures of regional obesity may be used to predict insulin resistance. In the present study we compared fat distribution in patients with PCOS vs. controls and established the best measure of fat mass to predict insulin resistance in patients with PCOS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in an academic tertiary-care medical center with 167 premenopausal women with PCOS and 110 controls matched for ethnicity, BMI and age...
November 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521173/ocular-manifestations-of-noonan-syndrome-a-prospective-clinical-and-genetic-study-of-25-patients
#15
Dorothée C van Trier, Anna M C Vos, Renske W Draaijer, Ineke van der Burgt, Jos M Th Draaisma, Johannes R M Cruysberg
PURPOSE: To determine the full spectrum of ocular manifestations in patients with Noonan syndrome (NS). DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional clinical and genetic study in a tertiary referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five patients with NS (mean age, 14 years; range, 8 months-25 years) clinically diagnosed by validated criteria. METHODS: All patients were examined by the same team following a detailed study protocol...
October 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487240/mr-image-analytics-to-characterize-the-upper-airway-structure-in-obese-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#16
Yubing Tong, Jayaram K Udupa, Sanghun Sin, Zhengbing Liu, E Paul Wileyto, Drew A Torigian, Raanan Arens
PURPOSE: Quantitative image analysis in previous research in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has focused on the upper airway or several objects in its immediate vicinity and measures of object size. In this paper, we take a more general approach of considering all major objects in the upper airway region and measures pertaining to their individual morphological properties, their tissue characteristics revealed by image intensities, and the 3D architecture of the object assembly...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484971/outcome-of-adenotonsillectomy-in-children-with-down-syndrome-and-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#17
Mieke Maris, Stijn Verhulst, Marek Wojciechowski, Paul Van de Heyning, An Boudewyns
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of adenotonsillectomy (AT) in a cohort of children with Down syndrome (DS) and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary care centre. PATIENTS: Children with DS and OSA, without previous upper airway (UA) surgery. INTERVENTIONS: AT and full overnight polysomnography. MAIN OUTCOME RESULTS: A significant improvement of the obstructive apnoea-hypopnoea index (oAHI) after AT was obtained...
August 2, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445297/computational-fluid-dynamics-upper-airway-effective-compliance-critical-closing-pressure-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-in-obese-adolescent-girls
#18
David M Wootton, Sanghun Sin, Haiyan Luo, Alireza Yazdani, Joseph M McDonough, Mark E Wagshul, Carmen R Isasi, Raanan Arens
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with anatomical abnormalities restricting upper airway size and functional factors decreasing pharyngeal dilator activity in sleep. In this study we hypothesized that OSAS is also associated with altered pharyngeal mechanical compliance during wakefulness. Five OSAS and six control obese girls between 14 and 18 years of age were studied. All underwent polysomnography, critical closing pressure (Pcrit) studies, and dynamic MRI of the upper airway during awake tidal breathing...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440304/the-use-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-evaluation-of-upper-airway-structures-in-paediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Romeo Patini, Mariantonietta Arrica, Enrico Di Stasio, Patrizia Gallenzi, Massimo Cordaro
OBJECTIVES: A systematic review was conducted to assess the effectiveness of MRI in evaluating upper airway structures in children affected by obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: A literature search was performed in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, Scopus and PubMed databases from their inception to 31/03/2016, including available randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials published in English assessing the use of MRI integrated with traditional polysomnography (PSG) among children up to 15 years of age affected by OSAS...
September 2016: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437215/seroprevalence-of-cysticercus-antibodies-in-japanese-encephalitis-patients-in-upper-assam-india-a-hospital-based-study
#20
Saurav Jyoti Patgiri, Himangshu Mazumdar, Lahari Saikia
INTRODUCTION: Co-infection of Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and Cysticercosis is attributed mainly to the common epidemiological features between the two diseases. Not much is known about the clinical implications of one infection over the other. AIM: The study aimed at establishing whether JE-Cysticercosis co-infection is prevalent in the Upper Assam districts and to explore additional details about such co-infections both clinically and epidemiologically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a retrospective cross-sectional hospital based study conducted between July 2013 and June 2014 and included 272 Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) patients...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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