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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296952/fatness-mediates-the-influence-of-muscular-fitness-on-metabolic-syndrome-in-colombian-collegiate-students
#1
Antonio García-Hermoso, Hugo Alejandro Carrillo, Katherine González-Ruíz, Andrés Vivas, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Javier Martínez-Torres, Daniel Humberto Prieto-Benavidez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Jeison Alexander Ramos-Sepúlveda, Emilio Villa-González, Mark D Peterson, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
The purpose of this study was two-fold: to analyze the association between muscular fitness (MF) and clustering of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components, and to determine if fatness parameters mediate the association between MF and MetS clustering in Colombian collegiate students. This cross-sectional study included a total of 886 (51.9% women) healthy collegiate students (21.4 ± 3.3 years old). Standing broad jump and isometric handgrip dynamometry were used as indicators of lower and upper body MF, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217265/rubella-seromarkers-and-determinants-of-infection-among-tanzanian-children-and-adolescents-in-prevaccination-era-are-we-in-the-right-track
#2
Mariam M Mirambo, Said Aboud, Uwe Groß, Mtebe Majigo, Martha F Mushi, Stephen E Mshana
BACKGROUND: The World health organization advocates assessment of the burden of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) by seroepidemiological surveys and surveillance programs in all countries without vaccination programs. Due to scarcity of data in developing countries, this study was conducted to assess the seromakers for natural rubella infection in Tanzania during prevaccination era so as to ascertain the gaps for future research and prevention strategies. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September and October 2014...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185010/evaluation-of-effects-of-anterior-palatoplasty-operation-on-upper-airway-parameters-in-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-pure-snoring-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#3
Adin Selcuk, Tulay Ozer, Erkan Esen, Fatih Ozdogan, Halil Erdem Ozel, Turgut Yuce, Sebla Caliskan, Sinem Dasli, Nagihan Bilal, Gulden Genc, Selahattin Genc
AIM: To investigate changes in upper airway volume parameters measured by computerized tomography scans in patients with surgically treated by anterior palatoplasty of whom having pure snoring and mild-moderate obstructive sleep apnea. METHOD: A prospective study on consecutively anterior palatoplasty performed pure snoring and obstructive sleep apnea patients. Computerized tomography scans were obtained preoperatively and following anterior palatoplasty procedure to measure changes in upper airway volume...
February 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181393/blepharocheilodontic-bcd-syndrome-new-insights-on-craniofacial-and-dental-features
#4
Wael Awadh, Anu Kiukkonen, Pekka Nieminen, Sirpa Arte, Kirsti Hurmerinta, David P Rice
Blepharocheilodontic (BCD) syndrome is a rare condition characterized by bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), eyelid abnormalities, and oligodontia. Despite orofacial clefting and oligodontia being central features of the condition, detailed reports of dental and craniofacial characteristics are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyze the dental and craniofacial features in a group of patients with BCD syndrome (three of which were related). Cephalometric radiographic analyses were performed on BCD syndrome patients (all radiographs taken at age 8 years) and compared to 40 randomly selected age-matched controls (20 non-syndromic BCLP, 20 non-cleft)...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158152/effects-of-dry-needling-on-spinal-mobility-and-trigger-points-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#5
Adelaida Maria Castro-Sanchez, Hector Garcia-Lopez, Guillermo A Mataran-Penarrocha, Manuel Fernandez-Sanchez, Cayetano Fernandez-Sola, Jose Granero-Molina, Maria Encarnacion Aguilar-Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: The etiology of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is inconclusive, but central mechanisms are well accepted for this pain condition. Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal pain diseases and is characterized by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). It has been suggest that MTrPs have an important factor in the genesis of FMS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of dry needling versus cross tape on spinal mobility and MTrPs in spinal muscles in patients with FMS...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089423/crossed-cheiro-oral-syndrome-a-warning-sign-for-medullary-involvement-and-neurological-deterioration
#6
Wei-Hsi Chen, Tsung-Pei Yang, Hsin-Ling Yin
Crossed cheiro-oral syndrome (CCOS) is characterized by crossed sensory disturbance confined to the unilateral perioral area and contralateral hand/finger(s). Although a few classical crossed sensory syndromes accurately predict brainstem or spinal involvement, the clinical significance of CCOS remains unclear. In this study, we analyzed the etiology, localization and outcome of CCOS patients. The results showed that ischemic stroke is the exclusive cause of CCOS. The location of responsible stroke is pertinent to the middle or upper level of the lateral medulla oblongata medial to the lateral sulcus...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072728/upper-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-autoimmune-gastritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Marilia Carabotti, Edith Lahner, Gianluca Esposito, Maria Carlotta Sacchi, Carola Severi, Bruno Annibale
Autoimmune gastritis is often suspected for its hematologic findings, and rarely the diagnosis is made for the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms. Aims of this cross-sectional study were to assess in a large cohort of patients affected by autoimmune gastritis the occurrence and the pattern of gastrointestinal symptoms and to evaluate whether symptomatic patients are characterized by specific clinical features.Gastrointestinal symptoms of 379 consecutive autoimmune gastritis patients were systematically assessed and classified following Rome III Criteria...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041627/the-relationship-between-muscle-protein-content-and-ct-derived-muscle-radio-density-in-patients-with-upper-gi-cancer
#8
Michael I Ramage, Neil Johns, Christopher D A Deans, James A Ross, Thomas Preston, Richard J E Skipworth, Carsten Jacobi, Kenneth C H Fearon
INTRODUCTION: Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome characterized by skeletal muscle loss. Cross-sectional analysis of CT scans is a recognized research method for assessing skeletal muscle volume. However, little is known about the relationship between CT-derived estimates of muscle radio-density (SMD) and muscle protein content. We assessed the relationship between CT-derived body composition variables and the protein content of muscle biopsies from cancer patients. METHODS: Rectus abdominis biopsies from cancer patients (n = 32) were analysed for protein content and correlated with phenotypic data gathered using CT body composition software...
December 27, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025371/prevalence-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-in-chronic-non-specific-neck-pain-a-population-based-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#9
Ester Cerezo-Téllez, María Torres-Lacomba, Orlando Mayoral-Del Moral, Beatriz Sánchez-Sánchez, Jan Dommerholt, Carlos Gutiérrez-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Chronic non-specific neck pain is a frequent complaint. It is a recognized medical and socioeconomic problem and a frequent cause of job absenteeism. In recent years, case reports about myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) are emerging among patients suffering from pain. MPS is a regional pain syndrome characterized by myofascial trigger points (MTrP) in palpable taut bands of skeletal muscle that refer pain to a distance, and that can cause distant motor and autonomic effects. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of active and latent MTrPs in subjects suffering from chronic non-specific neck pain...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935079/high-resolution-manometry-in-patients-with-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathy-elevated-prevalence-of-esophageal-involvement-and-differences-according-to-autoantibody-status-and-clinical-subset
#10
Maria Casal-Dominguez, Iago Pinal-Fernandez, Marianela Mego, Anna Accarino, Lluis Jubany, Fernando Azpiroz, Albert Selva-O'Callaghan
INTRODUCTION: We studied the high-resolution manometry (HRM) findings in patients with dermatomyositis and polymyositis. METHODS: From 2008 to 2015, we performed a cross-sectional study of myositis patients. A survey of esophageal symptoms and a HRM were analyzed and compared among different clinical and serologic groups. RESULTS: Twenty-four (45%) of the 53 patients that were included in the study had manometric involvement that was not correlated with any esophageal symptom (P =0...
December 9, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919650/association-between-dysfunction-of-upper-extremity-and-locomotive-syndrome-in-general-population
#11
Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Noboru Oya, Chisa Okura, Satoshi Shinagawa, Takanori Kitagawa, Hiroki Kobayashi, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relation between self-assessment of upper extremity function and locomotive syndrome in a general population. METHODS: Using the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function (GLFS-25) test, 320 Japanese people (115 men, 205 women, mean age 67.6 years, 40-92 years) were evaluated for locomotive dysfunction. All had completed a self-administered questionnaire including items for sex, weight, height, dominant hand, and the degree of frequency of hand in ADL...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912949/seasonal-variations-of-prescriptions-for-the-major-syndrome-types-and-manifestations-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-in-tradition-chinese-medicine
#12
Yuh-Hsiang Yeh, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Nicole Huang, Christy Pu, Pesus Chou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the seasonal variations of prescriptions for the three most common syndrome types and the three major manifestations of upper respiratory infections (URIs) according to the theories of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. We examined a random sample comprising 1,000,000 beneficiaries from the National Health Insurance program in 2005. Primary diagnoses including International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification Codes 460-465 and 487 were regarded as URIs, for which 160,357 prescriptions of Chinese herbal medicine were analyzed...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820624/diagnostic-challenges-and-clinical-characteristics-of-hepatitis-e-virus-associated-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#13
Olivier Stevens, Kristl G Claeys, Koen Poesen, Veroniek Saegeman, Philip Van Damme
Importance: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) recently has been shown to be an antecedent infection in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), but the clinical spectrum of HEV-associated GBS is not yet documented, and diagnosing acute HEV infection can be a challenge. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of HEV-associated GBS in a Belgian cohort, study the clinical spectrum of HEV-associated GBS, and discuss difficulties in diagnosing acute HEV infection. Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-center, retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 1, 2007, and November 1, 2015...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814787/relation-between-renal-function-and-coronary-plaque-morphology-from-the-assessment-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-with-drug-eluting-stents-virtual-histology-intravascular-ultrasound-substudy
#14
Chee Yang Chin, Gary S Mintz, Shigeo Saito, Bernhard Witzenbichler, D Christopher Metzger, Michael J Rinaldi, Ernest L Mazzaferri, Peter L Duffy, Giora Weisz, Thomas D Stuckey, Bruce R Brodie, Claire Litherland, Ajay J Kirtane, Gregg W Stone, Akiko Maehara
We sought to examine the relation between various degrees of renal function and coronary plaque morphology by grayscale and virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). ADAPT-DES was a prospective, multicenter registry of 8,582 consecutive patients treated using coronary drug-eluting stents with a prespecified grayscale and virtual histology-IVUS substudy. A lesion-level analysis of study participants was performed by comparing IVUS parameters of culprit and nonculprit lesions across tertiles of estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl)...
January 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807693/reliability-of-drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-interobserver-agreement
#15
Marina Carrasco-Llatas, Vanessa Zerpa-Zerpa, José Dalmau-Galofre
PURPOSE: Several studies have demonstrated the validity, reliability, and safety of drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) in assessing the collapse of the upper airway (UA) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypoapnea syndrome (OSAHS). The aim of this study was to assess the interobserver agreement on DISE and on therapeutic decision between an expert observer and an observer in training. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Thirty-one DISE videos performed in our service were randomly selected...
November 3, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799707/is-ultrasonography-useful-in-the-diagnosis-of-the-polyneuropathy-in-diabetic-patients
#16
Mehmet Agirman, Ilker Yagci, Merve Akdeniz Leblebicier, Demet Ozturk, Gulseren Derya Akyuz
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of polyneuropathy in diabetic patients by examination of the median and ulnar nerves. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty-three diabetic patients and fourteen controls were enrolled in the study. Nerve conduction studies were performed on both upper and lower limbs. Median and ulnar nerve cross-sectional areas were measured at the wrist and forearm levels in 140 hands by ultrasound. [Results] The median nerve cross-sectional area was increased at the hook of hamatum, pisiform bone, and radioulnar joint levels in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733254/fat-accumulation-in-the-tongue-is-associated-with-male-gender-abnormal-upper-airway-patency-and-whole-body-adiposity
#17
Ivan R B Godoy, Edgar Leonardo Martinez-Salazar, Alireza Eajazi, Pedro R Genta, Miriam A Bredella, Martin Torriani
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between tongue adiposity with upper airway measures, whole-body adiposity and gender. We hypothesized that increased tongue adiposity is higher in males and positively associated with abnormal upper airway measures and whole-body adiposity. METHODS: We studied subjects who underwent whole-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography to obtain tongue attenuation (TA) values and cross-sectional area, pharyngeal length (PL) and mandibular plane to hyoid distance (MPH), as well as abdominal circumference, abdominal subcutaneous and visceral (VAT) adipose tissue areas, neck circumference (NC) and neck adipose tissue area...
November 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713421/upper-tract-urothelial-carcinomas-frequency-of-association-with-mismatch-repair-protein-loss-and-lynch-syndrome
#18
Holly L Harper, Jesse K McKenney, Brandie Heald, Andrew Stephenson, Steven C Campbell, Thomas Plesec, Cristina Magi-Galluzzi
Increased risk for upper tract urothelial carcinoma is described in patients with Lynch syndrome, caused by germline mutations in mismatch repair genes. We aimed to identify the frequency of mismatch repair protein loss in upper tract urothelial carcinoma and its potential for identifying an association with Lynch syndrome. We queried our database to identify upper tract urothelial carcinomas. Patients were cross-referenced for history of colorectal carcinoma or other common Lynch syndrome-associated neoplasms to enrich for potential Lynch syndrome cases...
January 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706169/magnitude-of-birth-defects-in-central-and-northwest-ethiopia-from-2010-2014-a-descriptive-retrospective-study
#19
Molla Taye, Mekbeb Afework, Wondwossen Fantaye, Ermias Diro, Alemayehu Worku
BACKGROUND: Birth defects are defined as structural and functional defects that develop during the organogenesis period and present at birth or detected later in life. They are one of the leading causes of infant and child mortality, morbidity, and long term disability. The magnitude of birth defects varies from country to country and from race/ethnicity to race/ethnicity, and about 40-60% of their causes are unknown. The known causes of birth defects are genetic and environmental factors which may be prevented...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676782/bladder-sphincter-disorders-and-quality-of-life-of-traumatic-brain-injury-tunisian-experience
#20
Mariem Rekik, Khaoula Achour, Anouer Abdallah, Sonia Lebib, Imen Miri, Fatima Zahra Ben Salah, Catherine Dziri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the bladder and sphincter function after brain injury (BI) and to review their association with quality of life (QOL). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study, including patients referred to physical and rehabilitation medicine department at the Med Kassab Institute of Orthopedics. The initial gravity data were collected. The bladder-sphincter assessment included evaluation of the urine drain mode, the irritative disorders, obstructive disorders, disorders of transit and the existence of secondary anal lesions...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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