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upper crossed syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815018/serum-complexed-and-free-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-are-lower-in-female-elite-athletes-in-comparison-to-control-women
#1
Emma Eklund, Eleftherios P Diamandis, Carla Muytjens, Sarah Wheeler, Anu Mathew, Martin Stengelin, Eli Glezer, Galina Nikolenko, Marshall D Brown, Yingye Zheng, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that prostate specific antigen (PSA), a protein that it is under regulation by androgens, may be differentially expressed in female elite athletes in comparison to control women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 106 female athletes and 114 sedentary age-matched controls.  Serum from these women was analyzed for complexed prostate specific antigen (cPSA) and free prostate specific antigen (fPSA), by fifth generation assays with limits of detection of around 6 and 140 fg/mL, respectively...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762210/association-between-the-severity-of-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-and-cumulative-metabolic-factors
#2
Emi Yasuda, Ryuichi Nakamura, Ryo Matsugi, Shinsuke Goto, Yasunori Ikenaga, Kazunari Kuroda, Syunsuke Nakamura, Yasuo Katsuki, Tatsuo Katsuki
BACKGROUND: The association between cumulative metabolic syndrome (MS) factors and knee osteoarthritis (KOA) has been highlighted over the past two decades. AIMS: To clarify the relationship between cumulative MS factors and symptomatic KOA. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey involving 119 women aged 45-88 years who were scheduled to undergo knee surgery was conducted. They were stratified into tertiles of symptoms as assessed by the Japanese Orthopedic Association score for KOA...
July 31, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722815/influence-of-morphine-and-naloxone-on-pain-modulation-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-fibromyalgia-and-controls-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-cross-over-study
#3
Linda Hermans, Jo Nijs, Patrick Calders, Luc De Clerck, Greta Moorkens, Guy Hans, Sofie Grosemans, Tine Roman De Mettelinge, Joanna Tuynman, Mira Meeus
BACKGROUND: Impaired pain inhibitory and enhanced pain facilitatory mechanisms are repeatedly reported in patients with central sensitization pain. However, the exact effects of frequently prescribed opioids on central pain modulation are still unknown. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over trial was carried out. Ten CFS/FM patients, 11 RA patients and 20 controls were randomly allocated to the experimental (10 mg morphine or 0.2 mg/ml Naloxone) and placebo (2 ml Aqua) group...
July 19, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703031/lower-circulating-migration-inhibitory-factor-protein-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-diabetes
#4
Altan Onat, Evin Ademoğlu, Günay Can, Neslihan Çoban, Ayşem Kaya, Hüsniye Yüksel
AIM: The controversial relationship between macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and the likelihood of cardiometabolic diseases was investigated. Results/methodology: Assayed MIF protein from 1225 adults was cross-sectionally analyzed. MIF was independently inversely associated with age, total testosterone and positively with high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol. In men MIF correlation with age, testosterone and waist circumference converted from inverse in the upper to positive in the bottom MIF third...
July 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681357/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-tooth-agenesis-and-structural-dental-anomalies-in-association-with-cleft-type-in-non-syndromic-oral-cleft-patients
#5
Dimitrios Konstantonis, Alexandros Alexandropoulos, Nikoleta Konstantoni, Maria Nassika
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of tooth agenesis, microdontia, and tooth malformation among non-syndromic oral cleft patients and their potential association with cleft type and gender. METHODS: Intraoral records and radiographs of 154 patients (97 males and 57 females) were examined. The variables assessed were tooth agenesis, microdontia, dental malformations, and cleft types. The statistics included chi-square and Fisher's exact tests as well as logistic regression to assess any mutual effects of gender and cleft type on the dental variables...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669419/identification-of-associated-genes-and-diseases-in-patients-with-congenital-upper-limb-anomalies-a-novel-application-of-the-omt-classification
#6
Martijn Baas, Andrew P Stubbs, David B van Zessen, Robert-Jan H Galjaard, Peter J van der Spek, Steven E R Hovius, Christianne A van Nieuwenhoven
PURPOSE: Congenital upper-limb anomalies (CULA) can present as a part of a syndrome or association. There is a wide spectrum of CULA, each of which might be related to different diseases. The structure provided by the Oberg, Manske, and Tonkin (OMT) classification could aid in differential diagnosis formulation in patients with CULA. The aims of this study were to review the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) project database for diseases and causative genes related to the CULA described in the OMT classification and to develop a methodology for differential diagnosis formulation based on the observed congenital anomalies, CulaPhen...
July 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658117/predictors-of-upper-trapezius-pain-with-myofascial-trigger-points-in-food-service-workers-the-strobe-study
#7
Ui-Jae Hwang, Oh-Yun Kwon, Chung-Hwi Yi, Hye-Seon Jeon, Jong-Hyuck Weon, Sung-Min Ha
Shoulder pain occurs commonly in food service workers (FSWs) who repetitively perform motions of the upper limbs. Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) on the upper trapezius (UT) are among the most common musculoskeletal shoulder pain syndromes. This study determined the psychological, posture, mobility, and strength factors associated with pain severity in FSWs with UT pain due to MTrPs.In this cross-sectional study, we measured 17 variables in 163 FSWs with UT pain due to MTrPs: a visual analog scale (VAS) pain score, age, sex, Borg rating of perceived exertion (BRPE) scale, beck depression inventory, forward head posture angle, rounded shoulder angle (RSA), shoulder slope angle, scapular downward rotation ratio, cervical lateral-bending side difference angle, cervical rotation side difference angle, glenohumeral internal rotation angle, shoulder horizontal adduction angle, serratus anterior (SA) strength, lower trapezius (LT) strength, bicep strength, and glenohumeral external rotator strength, in 163 FSWs with UT pain due to MTrPs...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632524/callosal-motor-impersistence-a-novel-disconnection-syndrome
#8
Hee Jin Kim, Dongyeop Kim, Da-Heen Won, Juhee Chin, Kwang Ho Lee, Sang Won Seo, Kenneth M Heilman, Duk L Na
Motor impersistence, an inability to sustain a certain position or movement, is a motor-intentional disorder, caused more often by right than left hemisphere lesions. Since the right hemisphere is dominant for mediating motor persistence, callosal lesions that disconnect the left hemisphere from the right may induce impersistence of the right upper and lower limbs. After an undiagnosed left callosal infarction, a 65-year-old right-handed man suddenly developed a transient loss of volitional movement of his left leg...
June 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575372/addressing-the-analytic-challenges-of-cross-sectional-pediatric-pneumonia-etiology-data
#9
Laura L Hammitt, Daniel R Feikin, J Anthony G Scott, Scott L Zeger, David R Murdoch, Katherine L O'Brien, Maria Deloria Knoll
Despite tremendous advances in diagnostic laboratory technology, identifying the pathogen(s) causing pneumonia remains challenging because the infected lung tissue cannot usually be sampled for testing. Consequently, to obtain information about pneumonia etiology, clinicians and researchers test specimens distant to the site of infection. These tests may lack sensitivity (eg, blood culture, which is only positive in a small proportion of children with pneumonia) and/or specificity (eg, detection of pathogens in upper respiratory tract specimens, which may indicate asymptomatic carriage or a less severe syndrome, such as upper respiratory infection)...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486932/risk-assessment-of-manual-handling-operations-at-work-with-the-key-indicator-method-kim-mho-determination-of-criterion-validity-regarding-the-prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-and-clinical-conditions-within-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Andre Klussmann, Falk Liebers, Hansjürgen Gebhardt, Monika A Rieger, Ute Latza, Ulf Steinberg
BACKGROUND: Manual handling operations (MHO) are known to be risk factors for work-related upper limb disorders (WRULDs), e.g. symptoms and conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome. To estimate the risk of WRULDs, a Key Indicator Method (KIM) for the risk assessment of MHO was developed. The method was validated in regard to different criteria, including face validity, criterion validity, reliability and further aspects concerning utility. This paper describes the KIM-MHO and criterion validity of this method with reference to prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs)...
May 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412824/assessment-of-lean-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-a-middle-income-country-prevalence-and-its-association-with-metabolic-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Mohammadreza Naderian, Shadi Kolahdoozan, Amir Sina Sharifi, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Mehdi Yaseri, Hossein Poustchi, Amir Ali Sohrabpour
BACKGROUND: Recent data has proven that the WHO (world health organization) cut-off for obesity is not applicable to the Asian population. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of lean NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) in the capital of Iran and extract probable predictors for this growing health issue in this population. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional study on apparently healthy subjects over 18 years of age. The participants were interviewed for baseline demographic and clinical information...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409509/fitness-can-be-a-determinant-of-arterial-stiffness-in-healthy-adult-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Jin-Wook Chung, Mi-Lyang Kim, Youngsoo Jin, Yonghwan Kim, Jeeyoung Hong
BACKGROUND: Fitness is known to influence arterial stiffness. This study aimed to assess differences in cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, and flexibility according to arterial stiffness, based on sex and age. METHODS: We enrolled 1,590 healthy adults (men: 1,242, women: 348) who were free of metabolic syndrome. We measured cardiorespiratory endurance in an exercise stress test on a treadmill, muscular strength by a grip test, and flexibility by upper body forward-bends from a standing position...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399908/using-cone-beam-ct-to-assess-the-upper-airway-after-surgery-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-symptoms-and-maxillary-mandibular-disproportions-a-clinical-pilot
#13
Noura A Alsufyani, Michelle L Noga, Manisha Witmans, Irene Cheng, Hamdy El-Hakim, Paul W Major
BACKGROUND: The surgical excision of anatomic obstructions such as adenoids, palatine or lingual tonsils are commonly performed in children with sleep disordered breathing (SDB). Imaging studies measuring airway changes post-surgery in the SDB pediatric population are scarce, rarely addresses the nasal cavity, and are based on global measures (e.g. volume) that do not represent the complexity of the upper airway anatomy. The purpose of this pilot is to test the feasibility in using cone beam CT (CBCT) to analyze the nasal and pharyngeal airway space post-surgery using meaningful methods of analyses, and correlating imaging findings with clinical outcomes in children with SDB symptoms and maxillary-mandibular disproportion...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345680/personal-and-occupational-risk-factors-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-meat-processing-industry-workers-in-northern-italy
#14
Matteo Riccò, Carlo Signorelli
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a musculoskeletal condition that often impairs the fitness to work. Our aim is to retrospectively evaluate the association between physical exposures in meat processing industry in Northern Italy and the CTS, taking into account non-occupational factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to include 434 workers (236 males, 198 females, 37.0±10.6 years old, working age: 12.6±10.8 years) from meat processing industries...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296952/fatness-mediates-the-influence-of-muscular-fitness-on-metabolic-syndrome-in-colombian-collegiate-students
#15
Antonio García-Hermoso, Hugo Alejandro Carrillo, Katherine González-Ruíz, Andrés Vivas, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Javier Martínez-Torres, Daniel Humberto Prieto-Benavidez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Jeison Alexander Ramos-Sepúlveda, Emilio Villa-González, Mark D Peterson, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
The purpose of this study was two-fold: to analyze the association between muscular fitness (MF) and clustering of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components, and to determine if fatness parameters mediate the association between MF and MetS clustering in Colombian collegiate students. This cross-sectional study included a total of 886 (51.9% women) healthy collegiate students (21.4 ± 3.3 years old). Standing broad jump and isometric handgrip dynamometry were used as indicators of lower and upper body MF, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217265/rubella-seromarkers-and-determinants-of-infection-among-tanzanian-children-and-adolescents-in-prevaccination-era-are-we-in-the-right-track
#16
Mariam M Mirambo, Said Aboud, Uwe Groß, Mtebe Majigo, Martha F Mushi, Stephen E Mshana
BACKGROUND: The World health organization advocates assessment of the burden of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) by seroepidemiological surveys and surveillance programs in all countries without vaccination programs. Due to scarcity of data in developing countries, this study was conducted to assess the seromakers for natural rubella infection in Tanzania during prevaccination era so as to ascertain the gaps for future research and prevention strategies. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September and October 2014...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185010/evaluation-of-effects-of-anterior-palatoplasty-operation-on-upper-airway-parameters-in-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-pure-snoring-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#17
Adin Selcuk, Tulay Ozer, Erkan Esen, Fatih Ozdogan, Halil Erdem Ozel, Turgut Yuce, Sebla Caliskan, Sinem Dasli, Nagihan Bilal, Gulden Genc, Selahattin Genc
AIM: To investigate changes in upper airway volume parameters measured by computerized tomography scans in patients with surgically treated by anterior palatoplasty of whom having pure snoring and mild-moderate obstructive sleep apnea. METHOD: A prospective study on consecutively anterior palatoplasty performed pure snoring and obstructive sleep apnea patients. Computerized tomography scans were obtained preoperatively and following anterior palatoplasty procedure to measure changes in upper airway volume...
May 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181393/blepharocheilodontic-bcd-syndrome-new-insights-on-craniofacial-and-dental-features
#18
Wael Awadh, Anu Kiukkonen, Pekka Nieminen, Sirpa Arte, Kirsti Hurmerinta, David P Rice
Blepharocheilodontic (BCD) syndrome is a rare condition characterized by bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), eyelid abnormalities, and oligodontia. Despite orofacial clefting and oligodontia being central features of the condition, detailed reports of dental and craniofacial characteristics are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyze the dental and craniofacial features in a group of patients with BCD syndrome (three of which were related). Cephalometric radiographic analyses were performed on BCD syndrome patients (all radiographs taken at age 8 years) and compared to 40 randomly selected age-matched controls (20 non-syndromic BCLP, 20 non-cleft)...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158152/effects-of-dry-needling-on-spinal-mobility-and-trigger-points-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Adelaida Maria Castro-Sanchez, Hector Garcia-Lopez, Guillermo A Mataran-Penarrocha, Manuel Fernandez-Sanchez, Cayetano Fernandez-Sola, Jose Granero-Molina, Maria Encarnacion Aguilar-Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: The etiology of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is inconclusive, but central mechanisms are well accepted for this pain condition. Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal pain diseases and is characterized by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). It has been suggest that MTrPs have an important factor in the genesis of FMS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of dry needling versus cross tape on spinal mobility and MTrPs in spinal muscles in patients with FMS...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089423/crossed-cheiro-oral-syndrome-a-warning-sign-for-medullary-involvement-and-neurological-deterioration
#20
Wei-Hsi Chen, Tsung-Pei Yang, Hsin-Ling Yin
Crossed cheiro-oral syndrome (CCOS) is characterized by crossed sensory disturbance confined to the unilateral perioral area and contralateral hand/finger(s). Although a few classical crossed sensory syndromes accurately predict brainstem or spinal involvement, the clinical significance of CCOS remains unclear. In this study, we analyzed the etiology, localization and outcome of CCOS patients. The results showed that ischemic stroke is the exclusive cause of CCOS. The location of responsible stroke is pertinent to the middle or upper level of the lateral medulla oblongata medial to the lateral sulcus...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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