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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737750/-the-application-of-acoustic-pharyngometry-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-osahs
#1
REVIEW
Ting Rong, Jian Gang Ma, Xin Yu Li, Li Cai, Xin Xia Jiang, Yan Xia Wang
Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common clinical disease that seriously threatens human health and life. Accurate location of the upper airway obstruction is the key to the diagnosis and treatment of OSAHS. Acoustic pharyngometry uses sound reflection to quickly assess the cross-sectional area and volume of the upper airway. Acoustic pharyngometry represents a simple, quick, non-invasive method for measuring upper airway dimensions which could predict sleep apnea risk. In this article we sought to introduce the application of acoustic pharyngometry in the diagnosis and treatment of OSAHS...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736220/determination-of-cut-off-point-of-cross-sectional-area-of-median-nerve-at-the-wrist-for-diagnosing-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#2
Majid Ghasemi, Sanaz Masoumi, Behnaz Ansari, Mahboobeh Fereidan-Esfahani, Seyed Morteza Mousavi
Background: The most common entrapment mononeuropathy of the upper extremity is carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). It consists 90% of entrapment neuropathies. The purpose of this study was to compare cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve at the wrist in CTS patients and healthy controls and define the best cut-off point of CSA to differentiate patients and controls in Iranian population. Methods: In this study, 45 patients with confirmed idiopathic CTS and 62 healthy controls were evaluated. Based on electrophysiological findings, patients were divided based on CTS severity into three groups of mild, moderate and severe...
October 7, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734946/positively-increased-visceral-adiposity-index-in-hyperuricemia-free-of-metabolic-syndrome
#3
Dongfeng Gu, Yanan Ding, Yunfeng Zhao, Shuzhai Miao, Qingshan Qu
BACKGROUND: Visceral adiposity index (VAI) was closely associated with metabolic syndrome, however almost no research focused on VAI and hyperuricemia, therefore, this study was conducted to determine the relationship of VAI and hyperuricemia free of metabolic syndrome and estimate the power of VAI as predictor for hyperuricemia. METHODS: A cross-sectional research coming from a health check-up program was conducted. All participants were divided into four groups according to VAI quartiles...
May 7, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658112/the-influential-factors-on-the-morphological-changes-of-upper-airway-associated-with-mouth-opening
#4
Bin Hu, Jingying Ye, Guoping Yin, Yuhuan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the influential factors on the morphological changes of upper airway caused by mouth opening (MO). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients were enrolled. Anthropometric and demographic data, Friedman tongue position (FTP), and tonsil scores were recorded. Overnight polysomnography and upper airway computed tomography scans under two conditions (mouth closed [MC] and MO) were acquired...
April 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609707/the-role-of-functional-respiratory-imaging-in-treatment-selection-of-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-down-syndrome
#5
Monique A L J Slaats, Dieter Loterman, Cedric van Holsbeke, Wim Vos, Kim Van Hoorenbeeck, Jan de Backer, Wilfried de Backer, Marek Wojciechowski, An Boudewyns, Stijn Verhulst
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The complexity of the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with Down syndrome (DS) is illustrated by a prevalence of residual OSA after adenotonsillectomy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether upper airway imaging combined with computation fluid dynamics could characterize treatment outcome after adenotonsillectomy in these children. METHODS: Children with DS and OSA were prospectively included. All children underwent an evaluation of the upper airway and an ultra-low dose computed tomography scan of the upper airway before adenotonsillectomy...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578461/comparison-of-isometric-cervical-flexor-and-isometric-cervical-extensor-system-exercises-on-patients-with-neuromuscular-imbalance-and-cervical-crossed-syndrome-associated-forward-head-posture
#6
Jaejin Lee, Dohyeon Kim, Kyunghoon Yu, Youngki Cho, Joshua H You
BACKGROUND: Isometric cervical flexor system exercise (ICF) and isometric cervical extensor system exercise (ICE) are cervical stabilization techniques that have been used to restore cervical crossed syndrome (CCS)-associated forward head posture. However, the therapeutic effects and underlying motor control mechanisms remain elusive. PURPOSE: The purpose of present study was investigating the concurrent therapeutic effects of ICF and ICE on muscle size, muscle imbalance ratio, and muscle recruitment sequence using ultrasound imaging and electromyography...
2018: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575773/non-invasive-ventilation-practices-in-children-across-europe
#7
Juan Mayordomo-Colunga, Martí Pons-Òdena, Alberto Medina, Corsino Rey, Christophe Milesi, Merja Kallio, Andrea Wolfler, Mireia García-Cuscó, Demet Demirkol, Milagros García-López, Peter Rimensberger
OBJECTIVES: To describe the diversity in practice in non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in European pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). WORKING HYPOTHESIS: No information about the use of NIV in Pediatrics across Europe is currently available, and there might be a wide variability regarding the approach. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey. METHODOLOGY: The survey was distributed to the ESPNIC mailing list and to researchers in different European centers...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565146/stunting-wasting-and-mid-upper-arm-circumference-status-among-children-admitted-to-nemazee-teaching-hospital
#8
Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Masoomeh Heidary, Naser Honar, Maryam Ataollahi, Homa Ilkanipour, Hossein Moravej
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate nutritional status in children without prior hospital admission or evidence of chronic disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The current study is a cross-sectional and observational study which was conducted for assessing the nutritional status of children. In this study, consecutive sampling was used, with a sample size about 400 children aged 6 months to 18 years at first hospital admission. All subjects were hospitalized consecutively in the Pediatric Emergency Department of the Nemazee Teaching Hospital of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran)...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562562/does-pisa-syndrome-affect-upper-limb-function-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#9
Mohammad Alwardat, Giulia Di Lazzaro, Tommaso Schirinzi, Paola Sinibaldi Salime, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Antonio Pisani
BACKGROUND: Trunk alignment is thought to contribute to upper limb (UL) function. However, this common assumption is not clear in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) suffering from Pisa syndrome (PS). PS is a postural abnormality, characterized by revisable lateral trunk flexion more than 10 degrees. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the UL functioning and activities of daily living in PD patients with PS. METHODS: Forty-five participants distributed equally in three groups PD patients with PS, PD patients without PS and age/sex matched healthy controls (HC)...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527305/influenza-and-influenza-like-syndromes-the-subjects-beliefs-the-attitude-to-prevention-and-treatment-and-the-impact-in-italian-general-population
#10
Roberto W Dal Negro, Alessandro Zanasi, Paola Turco, Massimiliano Povero
Background: Influenza and influenza-like syndromes (I-LSs) are infectious diseases occurring on a seasonal basis which can lead to upper (URTI) and lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI) of different severity. The approach to these disorders is unfortunately not uniform. Aim of the study was to investigate real-life people beliefs, the attitude to their prevention and treatment, and their impact in general population. Methods: A cross-sectional survey via Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) was carried out using a specific questionnaire investigating influenza episode rates, subjects behavior in case of influenza and I-LSs, and prescribed therapy...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513868/findings-of-postoperative-clinical-assessment-of-swallowing-in-infants-with-congenital-heart-defect
#11
Paula Colvara de Souza, Vanessa Souza Gigoski, Camila Lúcia Etges, Lisiane da Rosa Barbosa
PURPOSE: Describe the findings of postoperative clinical evaluation of swallowing in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) in a reference hospital in southern Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted postoperatively with infants with medical diagnosis of CHD aged 0-6 months in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Exclusion criteria comprised infants with neurological and respiratory impairments, craniofacial malformation, structural alteration in the upper airways, and suspicion or diagnosis of genetic syndromes...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512394/usefulness-of-ultrasound-assessment-of-median-nerve-mobility-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#12
Gi-Young Park, Dong Rak Kwon, Jung Im Seok, Dong-Soon Park, Hee Kyung Cho
Background Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral compression neuropathy of the upper extremity. Recently, dynamic ultrasound (US) imaging has shown differences in median nerve mobility between the affected and unaffected sides in CTS. Purpose The present study was performed to compare the median nerve mobility between patients with CTS and healthy individuals, and to correlate median nerve mobility with the severity of CTS. Material and Methods A total of 101 patients (128 wrists) with CTS and 43 healthy individuals (70 wrists) were evaluated...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449266/fungal-liver-abscess-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-who-underwent-repeated-ercps-and-subtotal-cholecystectomy
#13
Sundas Hasan, Robert Fearn
We report a case of a previously healthy female patient who initially presented with fever, jaundice and right upper quadrant pain three days after dilatation and stenting of a stricture of the common bile duct (CBD). During an earlier admission, the patient had undergone endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) having presented with fevers and biliary dilatation on ultrasound. The ERCP features were more consistent with Mirizzi's Syndrome. The patient subsequently underwent subtotal cholecystectomy and later developed a CBD stricture, requiring repeat ERCP and stent insertion...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438112/executive-functioning-and-daily-living-of-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-measurement-and-implications
#14
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Gabi Zeilig, Harold Weingarden, Clara Rozental-Iluz, Debbie Rand
Deficits in executive functioning (EF) are often still present at the chronic stage after stroke, which may negatively impact independent living. The objectives of this study were (a) to characterize the EF and independence in daily living of community-dwelling individuals with chronic stroke by using pen-and-paper and performance-based EF assessments, (b) to explore correlations between scores detected by different EF assessments and (c) to assess the correlations between EF and independence in basic activities of daily living (BADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL)...
June 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403629/the-comparison-of-frequency-of-the-upper-limb-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-patients-with-diabetes-type-ii-with-normal-cases
#15
Zahra Haeri Kermani, Seyed Mojtaba Mousavi Bazzaz, Seyed Kazem Farahmand, Ali Akbar Raoof
Background and aim: Musculoskeletal disease, that is recognized in diabetes and diabetes mellitus (DM) has shown a higher prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal complications. This study aimed at assessing the frequency of upper limb musculoskeletal disorders among patients with diabetes type II with normal cases in Mashhad, Iran. Methods: A cross-section of 100 patients with upper limb musculoskeletal disorders were enrolled in this study. The patients were examined by a unique physician considering carpal tunnel syndrome disorder, trigger finger, adhesive capsulitis, and Dupuytren's contracture at Ghaem hospital, Mashhad, Iran in 2015...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395589/relative-prevalence-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-upper-extremity-conditions
#16
Casey M Beleckas, Melissa Wright, Heidi Prather, Aaron Chamberlain, Jason Guattery, Ryan P Calfee
PURPOSE: Prior research regarding the impact of mental health on upper extremity musculoskeletal function and recovery has frequently grouped catastrophizing, anxiety, and depression. This study was designed to define the relative prevalence of heightened anxiety versus depressive symptoms among a patient population seeking upper extremity care and to determine if those prevalences varied according to the symptomatic condition. METHODS: All adult patients presenting to a tertiary upper extremity orthopedic center between June 1, 2016 and November 30, 2016 (n = 3,315) completed the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Anxiety and Depression Computer Adaptive Tests...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367654/prevalence-of-upper-extremity-pain-in-a-population-of-people-with-paraplegia
#17
Y Kentar, R Zastrow, H Bradley, M Brunner, W Pepke, T Bruckner, P Raiss, A Hug, H Almansour, M Akbar
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of musculoskeletal pain in the upper extremity joints among wheelchair-dependent individuals with post-traumatic paraplegia. Secondarily, to document most common reported causes of upper extremity pain. SETTING: Centre for Orthopaedics, Trauma Surgery and Spinal Cord Injury, Germany. METHODS: The study was done by means of a structured questionnaire, which was mailed to the individuals who had been treated between 1990 and 2007 for newly sustained or pre-existing, accident-related paraplegia (n = 670)...
January 24, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336085/endotracheal-tube-placement-during-computed-tomography-of-brachycephalic-dogs-alters-upper-airway-dimensional-measurements
#18
Nai-Chieh Liu, Eileen L Troconis, Matthew McMillan, Marie-Aude Genain, Lajos Kalmar, David J Price, David R Sargan, Jane F Ladlow
Computed tomography (CT) is used to document upper airway lesions in dogs with brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome. The presence of an endotracheal tube during CT scanning is often required for general anesthesia. We hypothesized that the endotracheal tube placement would change the soft tissue dimensions of the upper airway. The aims of this prospective, method comparison study were to evaluate the reliability of the previously reported upper airway CT measurements with endotracheal tube placement, and to propose measurements that are minimally affected by the endotracheal tube...
January 15, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331073/cerebrospinal-fluid-macrophage-biomarkers-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#19
Alexander G Thompson, Elizabeth Gray, Marie-Laëtitia Thézénas, Philip D Charles, Samuel Evetts, Michele T Hu, Kevin Talbot, Roman Fischer, Benedikt M Kessler, Martin R Turner
OBJECTIVE: The neurodegenerative disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome involving multiple molecular pathways. The development of biomarkers for use in therapeutic trials is a priority. We sought to use a high-throughput proteomic method to identify novel biomarkers in individual cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. METHODS: Liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry with label-free quantification was used to identify CSF proteins using samples from a well-characterized longitudinal cohort comprising patients with ALS (n = 43), the upper motor neuron variant, primary lateral sclerosis (PLS; n = 6), and cross-sectional healthy (n = 20) and disease controls (Parkinsons' disease, n = 20; ALS mimic disorders, n = 12)...
February 2018: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316033/peripheral-nerves-are-pathologically-small-in-cerebellar-ataxia-neuropathy-vestibular-areflexia-syndrome-a-controlled-ultrasound-study
#20
L Pelosi, E Mulroy, R Leadbetter, D Kilfoyle, A M Chancellor, S Mossman, L Wing, T Y Wu, R H Roxburgh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sensory neuronopathy is a cardinal feature of cerebellar ataxia neuropathy vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS). Having observed that two patients with CANVAS had small median and ulnar nerves on ultrasound, we set out to examine this finding systematically in a cohort of patients with CANVAS, and compare them with both healthy controls and a cohort of patients with axonal neuropathy. We have previously reported preliminary findings in seven of these patients with CANVAS and seven healthy controls...
April 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
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