keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Paediatric Pulmonary Hypertension

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523023/surgical-repair-of-partial-atrioventricular-septal-defect
#1
Tariq Waqar, Muhammad Usman Riaz, Muhammad Shuaib
OBJECTIVE: To review the results of surgical correction of partial atrioventricular septal defect and associated cardiac comorbidities. METHODS: Retrospective case analysis of electronic database of department of paediatrics cardiac surgery, CPEIC, Multan was done. Forty consecutive patients operated for partial atrioventricular septal defect repair from September 2011 to October 2016 were included. Mean age was 14.67±7.96 years. 60% (24) patients were male. Regarding echocardiographic findings, pre-operatively 40% (n=16) had mild, 47...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506331/glucocorticoids-for-treating-paediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-a-novel-use-for-a-common-medication
#2
Manish Aggarwal, Ronald Mark Grady
Laboratory investigations have shown the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension and improvement after anti-inflammatory drugs. Despite these observations, reports on the use of steroids to treat pulmonary hypertension in humans are absent from the literature. In this article, we report the use of glucocorticoids in the treatment of two children with pulmonary hypertension, demonstrating its potential utility.
May 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484313/management-of-cardiac-involvement-in-muscular-dystrophies-paediatric-versus-adult-forms
#3
REVIEW
Alberto Palladino, Paola D'Ambrosio, Andrea Antonio Papa, Roberta Petillo, Chiara Orsini, Marianna Scutifero, Gerardo Nigro, Luisa Politano
Muscular dystrophies are a group of genetic disorders characterized by muscle degeneration and consequent substitution by fat and fibrous tissue. Cardiac involvement is an almost constant feature in a great part of these diseases, as both primary myocardial involvement and secondary involvement due to respiratory insufficiency, pulmonary hypertension or reduced mobility. Primary myocardial involvement usually begins more precociously compared to the secondary involvement. In fact the first signs of cardiomyopathy can be observed in the first decade of life in muscular dystrophies with childhood onset and later in adult form of muscular dystrophies as myotonic dystrophy type 1...
December 2016: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408467/isolated-mild-sleep-associated-hypoventilation-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#4
Wai Wong, Dennis Rosen
INTRODUCTION: Children with Down syndrome (DS) have a high incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that is often associated with hypoventilation. Little is known, however, about the prevalence of sleep-associated hypoventilation independent of OSA in these children. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all children with DS under 18 years of age undergoing polysomnography at a tertiary care paediatric hospital during a 2-year period. Exclusion criteria were as follow: those requiring oxygen or positive-pressure ventilation; with tracheostomy, baseline hypoxia, unrepaired cyanotic heart disease, pulmonary hypertension, and cerebral palsy; or OSA with >5 obstructions/hour...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366184/the-role-of-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-chd-associated-pulmonary-hypertension-in-children
#5
Gokcen Oz-Tuncer, Rana Olgunturk, Ayhan Pektas, Erman Cilsal, Serdar Kula, Deniz A Oguz, Sedef F Tunaoglu, Ozge T Pasaoglu, Hatice Pasaoglu
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to identify the role of inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and fractalkine in CHD-associated pulmonary hypertension in children. METHODS: This is a prospective review of 37 children with CHD-related pulmonary hypertension, 21 children with congenital heart defects, and 22 healthy children. RESULTS: Serum C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 levels were significantly higher in the children with CHD-related pulmonary hypertension (respectively, p=0...
March 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213957/a-bosentan-pharmacokinetic-study-to-investigate-dosing-regimens-in-paediatric-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-future-3
#6
Rolf M F Berger, Martine Gehin, Maurice Beghetti, Dunbar Ivy, Andjela Kusic-Pajic, Peter Cornelisse, Simon Grill, Damien Bonnet
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether increasing the bosentan dosing frequency from 2 mg kg(-1) twice daily (b.i.d.) to 2 mg kg(-1) three times daily (t.i.d.) in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (from ≥3 months to <12 years of age) would increase exposure. METHODS: An open-label, prospective, randomized, multicentre, multiple-dose, phase III study was conducted. Patients (n = 64) were randomized 1:1 to receive oral doses of bosentan of 2 mg kg(-1) b...
February 18, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115472/pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-children-after-neonatal-arterial-switch-operation
#7
Willemijn Mh Zijlstra, Ola Elmasry, Shari Pepplinkhuizen, D Dunbar Ivy, Damien Bonnet, Paul Luijendijk, Marilyne Lévy, Jose Luis Gavilan, Alba Torrent-Vernetta, Alberto Mendoza, Maria Jesus Del Cerro, Shahin Moledina, Rolf Mf Berger
OBJECTIVES: Paediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) after neonatal arterial switch operation (ASO) for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is a clinically recognised entity with an estimated incidence of 0.6%-1.0%. Nevertheless, a clinical characterisation is lacking. We present an international cohort of children with PAH after neonatal ASO for TGA and describe epidemiology and clinical course. METHODS: Data were collected of children with PAH after neonatal ASO (≤6 weeks after birth) for simple TGA without residual shunt defects, identified in four national paediatric PAH networks in Europe and one US referral centre...
January 23, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058755/characteristics-of-bordetella-pertussis-infection-among-infantsand-children-admitted-to-paediatric-intensive-care-units-in-greece-a-multicentre-11-year-study
#8
Maria S Kazantzi, Anargyroula Prezerakou, Serafeia N Kalamitsou, Stavroula Ilia, Panagiotis K Kalabalikis, John Papadatos, Maria M Sdougka, George Briassoulis, Maria N Tsolia
AIM: To describe children with pertussis who required intensive care. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of pertussis admissions to all (six) national intensive care units in Greece from 2003 to 2013. RESULTS: A total of 31 children were included, 28 of whom were younger than 12 months old. Cough was the most prominent symptom, being present in 27 of 31 (87%) patients, and on admission, only 7 (22.6%) satisfied the case definition...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995825/treatment-initiation-in-paediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-insights-from-a-multinational-registry
#9
Tilman Humpl, Rolf M F Berger, Eric D Austin, Margrit S Fasnacht Boillat, Damien Bonnet, Dunbar D Ivy, Malgorzata Zuk, Maurice Beghetti, Ingram Schulze-Neick
Different treatment options for pulmonary hypertension have emerged in recent years, and evidence-based management strategies have improved quality of life and survival in adults. In children with pulmonary vascular disease, therapeutic algorithms are not so clearly defined; this study determined current treatment initiation in children with pulmonary hypertension in participating centres of a registry. Through the multinational Tracking Outcomes and Practice in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension registry, patient demographics, diagnosis, and treatment as judged and executed by the local physician were collected...
December 20, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986977/risk-factors-for-postoperative-mortality-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-single-centre-observational-study
#10
Darya Kadir, Helene Engstrand Lilja
BACKGROUND: The management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a major challenge. The mortality is dependent on associated malformations, the severity of pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary hypertension and iatrogenic lung injury associated with aggressive mechanical ventilation. The aims of the study were to investigate the mortality over time in a single paediatric surgical centre, to compare the results with recent reports and to define the risk factors for mortality. METHODS: The medical records of infants with CDH from two time periods: 1995-2005 and 2006-2016 were reviewed...
March 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964948/diagnostics-in-children-and-adolescents-with-suspected-or-confirmed-pulmonary-hypertension
#11
REVIEW
Martin Koestenberger, Georg Hansmann, Christian Apitz, Heiner Latus, Astrid Lammers
We provide a practical approach on the initial assessment and diagnostic work-up of children and adolescents with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) often serves as initial study tool before invasive cardiac catheterization. Misinterpretation of TTE variables may lead to missed or delayed diagnosis with devastating consequences, or unnecessary invasive diagnostics that have inherited risks. In addition to clinical and biochemical markers, serial examination of patients with PH using a standardized TTE approach, determining conventional and novel echocardiographic variables, may allow early diagnosis and treatment in paediatric PH...
October 26, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721218/not-for-adults-only-mitraclip-use-in-a-paediatric-patient
#12
Denise C Joffe, Thomas K Jones, Mark Reisman, Elizabeth Perpetua, Yuk Law, Andreas Schuler, G Burkhard Mackensen
We present the primary report of a paediatric patient who had placement of the MitraClip device for severe functional mitral regurgitation. The patient was a 14-year-old boy with symptomatic end-stage non-compaction type cardiomyopathy secondary to a mitochondrial cytopathy. He had severe mitral regurgitation, tricuspid valve regurgitation, a severely dilated LV with apical non-compaction, severe LV dysfunction and severe pulmonary hypertension. Despite optimal medical therapy he developed progressive symptoms of congestive heart failure and he was not a candidate for an assist device or cardiac transplantation...
October 10, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628296/feasibility-and-utility-of-portable-ultrasound-during-retrieval-of-sick-term-and-late-preterm-infants
#13
Kathryn Browning Carmo, Tracey Lutz, Andrew Berry, Martin Kluckow, Nick Evans
AIM: To determine the role of clinician performed ultrasound (CPU) during the retrieval and transport of critically ill term and near term newborns. METHODS: A neonatologist with portable ultrasound accompanied a sample of newborn retrievals to perform cardiac and cerebral ultrasound before and after transportation. RESULTS: A total of fifty-five babies were studied. Median birthweight: 3350 g (2220-5030 g). CPU led to a change in the planned receiving hospital in ten babies...
December 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587546/genetic-analyses-in-a-cohort-of-children-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#14
Marilyne Levy, Mélanie Eyries, Isabelle Szezepanski, Magalie Ladouceur, Sophie Nadaud, Damien Bonnet, Florent Soubrier
The prevalence of germline mutations in paediatric pulmonary hypertension (PH) is poorly documented. The objective of this study was to determine the mutation frequency in PH genes in a paediatric cohort and describe the clinical characteristics of mutation carriers.The study involved 66 index cases with PH: 35 children with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH); five children with familial PAH (FPAH); three children with pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD); and 23 children with PAH associated with congenital heart disease (APAH-CHD)...
October 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516901/survey-of-oxygen-delivery-practices-in-uk-paediatric-intensive-care-units
#15
Sainath Raman, Samiran Ray, Mark J Peters
Purpose. Administration of supplemental oxygen is common in paediatric intensive care. We explored the current practice of oxygen administration using a case vignette in paediatric intensive care units (PICU) in the united kingdom. Methods. We conducted an online survey of Paediatric Intensive Care Society members in the UK. The survey outlined a clinical scenario followed by questions on oxygenation targets for 5 common diagnoses seen in critically ill children. Results. Fifty-three paediatric intensive care unit members from 10 institutions completed the survey...
2016: Critical Care Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456367/late-outcomes-in-children-with-shone-s-complex-a-single-centre-20-year-experience
#16
George T Nicholson, Michael S Kelleman, Caridad M De la Uz, Ricardo H Pignatelli, Nancy A Ayres, Christopher J Petit
OBJECTIVE: Shone's syndrome is a complex consisting of mitral valve stenosis in addition to left ventricle outflow obstruction. There are a few studies evaluating the long-term outcomes in this population. We sought to determine the long-term outcomes in our paediatric population with Shone's syndrome and the factors associated with left heart growth. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with Shone's syndrome with biventricular circulation treated between 1978 and 2010 were reviewed...
July 26, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444679/characterization-of-cmr-derived-haemodynamic-data-in-children-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#17
Michal Schäfer, D Dunbar Ivy, Alex J Barker, Vitaly Kheyfets, Robin Shandas, Steven H Abman, Kendall S Hunter, Uyen Truong
Aims: Paediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is manifested as increased arterial pressure and vascular resistive changes followed by progressive arterial stiffening. The aim of this study was to characterize regional flow haemodynamic patterns and markers of vascular stiffness in the proximal pulmonary arteries of paediatric PAH patients, and to explore the association with right ventricular (RV) function. Methods and results: Forty paediatric PAH patients and 26 age- and size-matched controls underwent cardiac magnetic resonance studies in order to compute time-resolved wall shear stress metrics, oscillatory shear index (OSI), and vascular strain as measured by relative area change (RAC), and RV volumetric and functional parameters...
April 1, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333845/children-with-down-syndrome-clinical-course-and-mortality-associated-factors-in-a-french-medical-paediatric-intensive-care-unit
#18
Christelle Joffre, Fabrice Lesage, Olivier Bustarret, Philippe Hubert, Mehdi Oualha
AIM: To investigate clinical course and mortality-associated factors in children with Down syndrome (DS) managed in a medical paediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: A single-centre, retrospective study conducted between 2001 and 2010 in DS children aged 1 month to 16 years. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients with a median age of 24 months (1-192) and a male/female ratio of 1.5 were analysed. Patients presented with history of congenital heart disease (n = 52, 78...
June 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322729/decreased-false-positive-adolescent-pre-athletic-screening-with-seattle-criteria-interpreted-electrocardiograms
#19
Jamie N Colombo, Ricardo A Samson, Santiago O Valdes, Omar Meziab, David Sisk, Scott E Klewer
Sudden cardiac arrest is a rare but devastating cause of death in young adults. Electrocardiograms may detect many causes of sudden cardiac arrest, but are not routinely included in pre-athletic screening in the United States of America partly because of high rates of false-positive interpretation. To improve electrocardiogram specificity for identifying cardiac conditions associated with sudden cardiac arrest, an expert panel developed refined criteria known as the Seattle Criteria. Ours is the first study to compare standard electrocardiogram criteria with Seattle Criteria in 11- to 13-year-olds...
June 20, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259525/retrospective-cross-sectional-review-of-survival-rates-in-critically-ill-children-admitted-to-a-combined-paediatric-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-johannesburg-south-africa-2013-2015
#20
Daynia E Ballot, Victor A Davies, Peter A Cooper, Tobias Chirwa, Andrew Argent, Mervyn Mer
OBJECTIVE: Report on survival to discharge of children in a combined paediatric/neonatal intensive care unit (PNICU). DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cross-sectional record review. PARTICIPANTS: All children (medical and surgical patients) admitted to PNICU between 1 January 2013 and 30 June 2015. OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome-survival to discharge. Secondary outcomes-disease profiles and predictors of mortality in different age categories...
2016: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
64615
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"