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15 lipoxygenase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811867/modulation-of-glutathione-hemostasis-by-inhibition-of-12-15-lipoxygenase-prevents-ros-mediated-cell-death-after-hepatic-ischemia-and-reperfusion
#1
Moritz Drefs, Michael N Thomas, Markus Guba, Martin K Angele, Jens Werner, Marcus Conrad, Christian J Steib, Lesca M Holdt, Joachim Andrassy, Andrej Khandoga, Markus Rentsch
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species- (ROS-) mediated ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) detrimentally impacts liver transplantation and resection. 12/15-Lipoxygenase (12/15-LOX), an antagonistic protein of the glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) signaling cascade, was proven to mediate cell death in postischemic cerebral and myocardial tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of 12/15-LOX inhibition on hepatic IRI. METHODS: Livers of C57BL/6 mice were exposed to 60 minutes of partial warm ischemia and 90 minutes of reperfusion after previous Baicalein administration, an inhibitor of 12/15-LOX...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809482/structural-dynamics-of-15-lipoxygenase-2-via-hydrogen-deuterium-exchange
#2
Kristin Diane Droege, Mary E Keithly, Charles R Sanders, Richard N Armstrong, Matthew K Thompson
Eicosanoids are inflammatory signaling lipids that are biosynthesized in response to cellular injury or threat. They were originally thought to be pro-inflammatory molecules, but at least one sub-class, the lipoxins, are able to resolve inflammation. The first step in lipoxin synthesis is the oxygenation of arachidonic acid by 15-Lipoxygenase (15-LOX). 15-LOX contains two domains: a Ca2+ binding PLAT domain and a catalytic domain. 15-LOX is a soluble cytosolic protein until Ca2+ binding to the PLAT domain promotes translocation to the membrane surface...
August 15, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806719/comparison-of-reactive-oxygen-species-metabolism-during-grape-berry-development-between-kyoho-and-its-early-ripening-bud-mutant-fengzao
#3
Fei-Fei Xi, Li-Li Guo, Yi-He Yu, Yan Wang, Qiong Li, Hui-Li Zhao, Guo-Hai Zhang, Da-Long Guo
Enzymes and non-enzyme elements related to the metabolism of reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), ascorbic acid (AsA), glutathione (GSH), NADPH oxidase (NOX), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anion (O2(-)), lipoxygenase (LOX) and malondialdehyde (MDA), were measured in 'Kyoho' and its early ripening bud mutant 'Fengzao' to compare ROS level changes and investigate the potential roles of ROS in grape berry development and the ripening process. In addition, the anthocyanin and sugar contents as well as berry diameter were also investigated at different berry development stages...
August 9, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780158/corrigendum-to-easy-and-rapid-preparation-of-benzoylhydrazides-and-their-diazene-derivatives-as-inhibitors-of-15-lipoxygenase-bioorg-med-chem-lett-27-2017-1649-1653
#4
Cristian Tirapegui, Williams Acevedo-Fuentes, Pablo Dahech, Claudia Torrent, Pablo Barrias, Macarena Rojas-Poblete, Carolina Mascayano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770377/1-6-o-o-diacetylbritannilactone-inhibits-eotaxin-1-and-alox15-expression-through-inactivation-of-stat6-in-a549-cells
#5
Xi Chen, Ning Ji, Nan Qin, Sheng-An Tang, Ran Wang, Yuling Qiu, Hongquan Duan, Dexin Kong, Meihua Jin
1,6-O,O-Diacetylbritannilactone (OODBL), a plant sesquiterpene lactone, was previously reported to show multiple pharmacological effects such as anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of OODBL on interleukin (IL)-4-induced signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) signaling pathway in human lung A549 cells. We found that OODBL dramatically inhibited IL-4-induced messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of eotaxin-1 and arachidonate 15-lipoxygenase-1 (ALOX15) in a dose-dependent manner...
August 2, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764037/antioxidant-action-of-fermented-grain-food-supplement-scavenging-of-peroxyl-radicals-and-inhibition-of-plasma-lipid-oxidation-induced-by-multiple-oxidants
#6
Mayuko Morita, Yuji Naito, Etsuo Niki, Toshikazu Yoshikawa
Unregulated oxidative modification of biological molecules induced by multiple oxidants in vivo has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases. Accordingly, the role of antioxidants contained in foods in the maintenance of health and prevention of diseases has received much attention. The efficacy of antioxidants against oxidative stress depends on the nature of oxidants. In the present study, the antioxidant action of fermented grain food supplement, Antioxidant Biofactor (AOB), for scavenging peroxyl radical and inhibition of plasma lipid oxidation induced by multiple oxidants was measured...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763983/biogenic-antioxidative-and-anti-inflammatory-aryl-polyketides-from-the-venerid-bivalve-clam-paphia-malabarica
#7
Minju Joy, Kajal Chakraborty
Chemical investigation of ethyl acetate-methanol extract of the venerid bivalve clam Paphia malabarica led to isolation of three unprecedented aryl polyketide derivatives, characterized as (E)-12-(17-ethyl-tetrahydro-16-hydroxy-15-(methyl pentanoate)-14-oxo-2H-pyran-13-yl)-9-methyl-but-11-enyl benzoate (1), isobutyl-13-(6-(benzoyloxy)-10-methylpentyl)-tetrahydro-13-methyl-2H-pyran-17-carboxylate (2) and (13-(methoxycarbonyl)-11-((E)-18-ethylhexa-16,19-dienyl)-12-propyl-cyclohex-10-enyl)-methyl-3-hydroxy benzoate (3)...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763131/the-effect-of-allergen-induced-bronchoconstriction-on-concentration-of-5-oxo-ete-in-exhaled-breath-condensate-of-house-dust-mite-allergic-patients
#8
Krzysztof Kowal, Anna Gielicz, Marek Sanak
BACKGROUND: Arachidonic acid metabolites regulate several aspects of airway function including inflammation, muscle contraction and mucous secretion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate concentration of selected 5-lipoxygenase (LOX) and cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived eicosanoids in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) during allergen induced bronchoconstriction. METHODS: The study was performed on 24 allergic rhinitis/asthma patients sensitized to a house dust mite (HDM) Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp) and 13 healthy controls (HCs)...
August 1, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757355/15-lipoxygenase-1-re-expression-in-colorectal-cancer-alters-endothelial-cell-features-through-enhanced-expression-of-tsp-1-and-icam-1
#9
Sinem Tunçer, Ayşe Gökçe Keşküş, Melis Çolakoğlu, Ismail Çimen, Caner Yener, Özlen Konu, Sreeparna Banerjee
15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LOX-1) oxygenates linoleic acid to 13(S)-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (HODE). The enzyme is widely suppressed in different cancers and its re-expression has tumor suppressive effects. 15-LOX-1 has been shown to inhibit neoangiogenesis in colorectal cancer (CRC); in the present study we confirm this phenomenon and describe the mechanistic basis. We show that re-expression of 15-LOX-1 in CRC cell lines resulted in decreased transcriptional activity of HIF1α and reduced the expression and secretion of VEGF in both normoxic and hypoxic conditions...
July 28, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724635/heterodimers-of-the-transcriptional-factors-nfatc3-and-fosb-mediate-tissue-factor-expression-for-15-s-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic-acid-induced-monocyte-trafficking
#10
Sivareddy Kotla, Nikhlesh K Singh, Daniel Kirchhofer, Gadiparthi N Rao
Tissue factor (TF) is expressed in vascular and nonvascular tissues and functions in several pathways, including embryonic development, inflammation, and cell migration. Many risk factors for atherosclerosis, including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and smoking, increase TF expression. To better understand the TF-related mechanisms in atherosclerosis, here we investigated the role of 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LOX) in TF expression. 15(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HETE), the major product of human 15-LOXs 1 and 2, induced TF expression and activity in a time-dependent manner in the human monocytic cell line THP1...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723225/preferential-generation-of-15-hete-pe-induced-by-il-13-regulates-goblet-cell-differentiation-in-human-airway-epithelial-cells
#11
Jinming Zhao, Yoshinori Minami, Emily Etling, John M Coleman, Sarah N Lauder, Victoria Tyrrell, Maceler Aldrovandi, Valerie O'Donnell, Hans-Erik Claesson, Valerian Kagan, Sally Wenzel
RATIONALE: Type-2-associated goblet cell hyperplasia and mucus hypersecretion are well known features of asthma. 15-Lipoxygenase (15LO1) is induced by the Type-2 cytokines/IL-13 in human airway epithelial cells (HAEC) in vitro and is increased in fresh asthmatic HAECs ex vivo. 15LO1 generates a variety of products, including 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE), 15-HETE-phosphatidyethanoloamine (PE) (15-HETE-PE) and 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE). The current study investigated the 15LO1 metabolite profile at baseline and after IL-13 treatment, and the influence on goblet cell differentiation in HAECs...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721338/is-aortic-aneurysm-preventable
#12
Undurti N Das
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a chronic inflammatory condition, triggered by the local accumulation of macrophages, oxidative stress and damage to the aortic wall. Pro-inflammatory eicosanoids seem to play a significant role in AAA. The pro-inflammatory events seen in AAA could be due to a deficiency of anti-inflammatory eicosanoids such as lipoxin A4 (LXA4), resolvins, protectins and maresins as a result of reduced tissue concentrations of their precursors: arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)...
June 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720379/inhibition-of-12-15-lox-ameliorates-cognitive-and-cholinergic-dysfunction-in-mouse-model-of-hypobaric-hypoxia-via-attenuation-of-oxidative-nitrosative-stress
#13
Richa Choudhary, Udayabanu Malairaman, Anju Katyal
12/15 Lipoxygenase has recently been described as potent propagator of oxidative stress and is closely associated with cognitive decline in neurodegenerative diseases. The mechanism/s behind 12/15 LOX involvement in cognitive deficits remain obscure. The current study has been designed to investigate the underlying role of 12/15LOX and effect of 12/15 LOX inhibition on hypobaric hypoxia-induced memory impairment and cholinergic deficits. Male Balb/c mice subjected to simulated hypobaric hypoxia/reoxygenation condition for 3days showed marked working memory impairment concomitant with hippocampal neuronal damage and malondialdehyde production which were significantly attenuated by baicalein, a specific inhibitor of 12/15LOX...
July 15, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704416/genetic-variation-in-the-eicosanoid-pathway-is-associated-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-survival
#14
Lindsay N Sausville, Carissa C Jones, Melinda C Aldrich, William J Blot, Ambra Pozzi, Scott M Williams
Globally, lung cancer results in more deaths worldwide than any other cancer, indicating a need for better treatments. Members of the eicosanoid metabolism pathway represent promising therapeutic targets, as several enzymes involved in the generation of these lipids are dysregulated in many cancers and their inhibition reduces lung cancer growth in mouse models. However, genetic variation of enzymes involved in eicosanoid metabolism has not been adequately examined for association with lung cancer. The goal of this study was to determine whether germline genetic variation altering eicosanoid producing enzyme function and/or expression are associated with differences in lung cancer survival...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701173/15-oxoeicosatetraenoic-acid-mediates-monocyte-adhesion-to-endothelial-cell
#15
Guohua Ma, Bing Pan, Sufen Ren, Caixia Guo, Yansong Guo, Lixin Wei, Lemin Zheng, Buxing Chen
BACKGROUND: A great number of studies reported that 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) played an important role in atherosclerosis. And its arachidonic acid(AA) metabolite, 15(S)-hydroperoxy-5,8,11,13-(Z,Z,Z,E)-eicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HETE), is demonstrated to mediate endothelial dysfunction. 15-oxo-5,8,11,13-(Z,Z,Z,E)-eicosatetraenoic acid (15-oxo-ETE) was formed from 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH)-mediated oxidation of 15(S)-HETE. However, relatively little is known about the biological effects of 15-oxo-ETE in cardiovascular disease...
July 12, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694081/deletion-of-12-15-lipoxygenase-accelerates-the-development-of-aging-associated-and-instability-induced-osteoarthritis
#16
L Habouri, F E El Mansouri, Y Ouhaddi, B Lussier, J-P Pelletier, J Martel-Pelletier, M Benderdour, H Fahmi
OBJECTIVE: 12/15-Lipoxygenase (12/15-LOX) catalyzes the generation of various anti-inflammatory lipid mediators, and has been implicated in several inflammatory and degenerative diseases. However, there is currently no evidence that 12/15-LOX has a role in osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of 12/15-LOX in the pathogenesis of OA. METHODS: The development of aging-associated and destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM)-induced OA were compared in 12/15-LOX-deficient (12/15-LOX-/-) and wild-type (WT) mice...
July 8, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691068/hydrogen-deuterium-exchange-of-lipoxygenase-uncovers-a-relationship-between-distal-solvent-exposed-protein-motions-and-the-thermal-activation-barrier-for-catalytic-proton-coupled-electron-tunneling
#17
Adam R Offenbacher, Shenshen Hu, Erin M Poss, Cody A M Carr, Alexander D Scouras, Daniil M Prigozhin, Anthony T Iavarone, Ali Palla, Tom Alber, James S Fraser, Judith P Klinman
Defining specific pathways for efficient heat transfer from protein-solvent interfaces to their active sites represents one of the compelling and timely challenges in our quest for a physical description of the origins of enzyme catalysis. Enzymatic hydrogen tunneling reactions constitute excellent systems in which to validate experimental approaches to this important question, given the inherent temperature independence of quantum mechanical wave function overlap. Herein, we present the application of hydrogen-deuterium exchange coupled to mass spectrometry toward the spatial resolution of protein motions that can be related to an enzyme's catalytic parameters...
June 28, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690055/antitumor-effect-of-ferula-assa-foetida-oleo-gum-resin-against-breast-cancer-induced-by-4t1-cells-in-balb-c-mice
#18
Seyyed Majid Bagheri, Amir Abdian-Asl, Mahin Taheri Moghadam, Maryam Yadegari, Aghdas Mirjalili, Fatemeh Zare-Mohazabieh, Haniyeh Momeni
BACKGROUND: Ferula assa foetida commonly consumed as a healthy beverage has been demonstrated to have various biological activities, including antioxidation, anti-obesity and anti-cancer. OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to investigate the antitumor effect of asafoetida in vivo using mouse mammary carcinoma 4T1 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the study, female BALB/c mice were divided into two groups (n = 6), which were control (untreated) and other group of mice with breast cancer treated with 100 mg/kg of asafoetida, respectively, by oral gavage...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668243/effect-of-misoprostol-on-patients-with-aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease-undergoing-aspirin-challenge-and-desensitization
#19
Kristen M Walters, Ronald A Simon, Katharine M Woessner, Nathan E Wineinger, Andrew A White
BACKGROUND: Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is an anti-inflammatory compound that inhibits 5-lipoxygenase activity. Diminished PGE2 regulation in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) leads to respiratory reactions on cyclooxygenase 1 inhibition. In vitro studies have found that exogenous PGE2 stabilizes inflammatory mediator release. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether misoprostol (oral prostaglandin E1 analogue) use during aspirin challenge and desensitization might decrease the severity of aspirin-induced symptoms and make desensitization safer for patients with AERD...
July 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611577/the-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-lipoxygenase-and-cyclo-oxygenase-inhibitors-in-inflammation-induced-human-fetal-glia-cells-and-the-a%C3%AE-degradation-capacity-of-human-fetal-astrocytes-in-an-ex-vivo-assay
#20
Rea Pihlaja, Merja Haaparanta-Solin, Juha O Rinne
Chronic inflammation is a common phenomenon present in the background of multiple neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). The arachidonic acid pathway overproduces proinflammatory eicosanoids during these states and glial cells in the brain gradually lose their vital functions of protecting and supporting neurons. In this study, the role of different key enzymes of the eicosanoid pathway mediating inflammatory responses was examined in vitro and ex vivo using human fetal glial cells...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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