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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720555/readability-of-wikipedia-pages-on-autoimmune-disorders-systematic-quantitative-assessment
#1
Abdulla Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Francesco Brigo, Kassem Sharif, Howard Amital, Dennis McGonagle, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Mohammad Adawi
BACKGROUND: In the era of new information and communication technologies, the Internet is being increasingly accessed for health-related information. Indeed, recently published patient surveys of people with autoimmune disorders confirmed that the Internet was reported as one of the most important health information sources. Wikipedia, a free online encyclopedia launched in 2001, is generally one of the most visited websites worldwide and is often consulted for health-related information...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710297/association-of-surgeon-age-and-experience-with-congenital-heart-surgery-outcomes
#2
Brett R Anderson, Amelia S Wallace, Kevin D Hill, Brian C Gulack, Roland Matsouaka, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Emile A Bacha, Sherry A Glied, Marshall L Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Surgeon experience concerns both families of children with congenital heart disease and medical providers. Relationships between surgeon seniority and patient outcomes are often assumed, yet there are little data. METHODS AND RESULTS: This national study used linked data from the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons-Congenital Heart Surgery Database to examine associations between surgeon years since medical school and major morbidity/mortality for children undergoing cardiac surgery...
July 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704010/-smarter-medicine-in-ambulatory-care-beliefs-and-practices-of-family-doctors-and-training-of-future-clinicians
#3
Christine Cohidon, Kevin Selby, Jacques Cornuz, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Nicolas Senn
Following an American and then international initiative, the Swiss Society of Internal Medicine launched the « Smarter Medicine » campaign in 2014 with five recommendations of activities to be avoided, focusing on low back pain, antibiotic prescriptions, pre-operative chest x-rays, prostate cancer screening and treatment with proton pump inhibitors. In 2016, 69 % of family physicians reported that they knew the recommendations and levels of agreement were very high. However, physicians reported differences between recommendations in how often they are followed in practice, and there remains room for improvement...
January 25, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693475/the-effect-of-patient-death-on-medical-students-in-the-emergency-department
#4
Nicholas J Batley, Rinad Bakhti, Ali Chami, Elsy Jabbour, Rana Bachir, Christopher El Khuri, Afif J Mufarrij
BACKGROUND: The emotional consequences of patient deaths on physicians have been studied in a variety of medical settings. Reactions to patient death include distress, guilt, and grief. Comparatively, there are few studies on the effects of patient death on physicians and residents in the Emergency Department (ED). The ED setting is considered unique for having more sudden deaths that likely include the young and previously healthy and expectations for the clinician to return to a dynamic work environment...
July 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660184/diabetes-screening-and-prevention-in-a-high-risk-medically-isolated-border-community
#5
Ann V Millard, Margaret A Graham, Nelda Mier, Jesus Moralez, Maria Perez-Patron, Brian Wickwire, Marlynn L May, Marcia G Ory
INTRODUCTION: A project in a Texas border community setting, Prevention Organized against Diabetes and Dialysis with Education and Resources (POD(2)ER), offered diabetes prevention information, screening, and medical referrals. The setting was a large, longstanding flea market that functions as a shopping mall for low-income people. The priority population included medically underserved urban and rural Mexican Americans. Components of the program addressed those with diabetes, prediabetes, and accompanying relatives and friends...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657972/expertise-no-longer-a-sine-qua-non-for-guideline-authors
#6
Franz H Messerli, Louis Hofstetter, Enrico Agabiti-Rosei, Michel Burnier, William J Elliott, Stanley S Franklin, Tomasz Grodzicki, Kazuomi Kario, Sverre E Kjeldsen, John B Kostis, Stephane Laurent, Frans H Leenen, Per Lund-Johansen, Giuseppe Mancia, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Vasilios Papademetriou, Gianfranco Parati, Neil Poulter, Josep Redon, Stefano F Rimoldi, Luis M Ruilope, Ernesto L Schiffrin, Roland E Schmieder, Allan B Schwartz, Peter Sever, James R Sowers, Jan A Staessen, Jiguang Wang, Michael Weber, Bryan Williams, Peter W de Leeuw
: Several sets of guidelines have been published recently and more are in the works. The very recent American College of Physicians/American Academy of Family Practitioners guidelines were put together by a set of authors and consultants without any expertise in the topic under discussion, that is, hypertension. Although we are not maintaining that all guidelines should be written exclusively by experts, complete lack of expertise among guideline authors is not acceptable.
August 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641712/wireless-the-life-and-death-of-guglielmo-marconi
#7
EDITORIAL
Harold Smulyan, Robert S Pinals, Lisa Pinals, Daniel Villarreal
With little training in physics, Guglielmo Marconi developed the invention that stunned the world by wirelessly connecting ships and continents. Ten years before his death, he sustained a myocardial infarction followed by unmistakable angina pectoris. His personality and unhappy family life limited his ability to cope with his disease and to deal with Italy's most respected physicians. But their descriptions of his diagnosis and management are surprisingly few. Poor record keeping, intentional news suppression of his failing health or limited medical opportunities could be the reason for this lack of information...
June 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632483/cardiovascular-disease-risk-profile-of-ncaa-division-iii-intercollegiate-football-athletes-a-pilot-study
#8
Cynthia J Wright, Elizabeth L Abbey, Barbara A Brandon, Edward J Reisman, Christina M Kirkpatrick
OBJECTIVES: Concerns about the long-term cardiovascular health implications of American football participation have been investigated at the professional and Division I levels, but limited research is available at the less resourced Division III level. Therefore, the objective was to assess the cardiovascular disease risk profile of NCAA Division III intercollegiate football athletes. METHODS: Eighty-nine varsity football athletes (age=19.6±1.7 years, height=1...
June 20, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624298/processes-and-experiences-of-portugal-s-international-recruitment-scheme-of-colombian-physicians-did-it-work
#9
Erika Masanet
The Portuguese Ministry of Health performed five international recruitment rounds of Latin American physicians due to the need for physicians in certain geographic areas of the country and in some specialties, as a temporary solution to shortages. Among these recruitments is that of Colombian physicians in 2011 that was the largest of the five groups. This paper presents an evaluation of the international recruitment procedure of Colombian physicians based on the criteria of procedural outcomes and health system outcomes...
May 17, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606370/factors-influencing-pediatrician-retirement-a-survey-of-american-academy-of-pediatrics-chapter-members
#10
Mary E Rimsza, Holly Ruch-Ross, Harold K Simon, Thomas W Pendergass, Holly J Mulvey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors that may influence physicians' desire to retire through an analysis of data collected through the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) State Pediatrician Workforce Survey. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic survey was sent to retired and nonretired US pediatricians who held AAP membership. The respondents were asked about the importance of 12 factors that would influence or had influenced their decision to retire. The physicians who were not yet retired also were asked: "If you could afford to today, would you retire from medicine?" RESULTS: The survey was completed by 8867 pediatricians...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604921/association-of-educational-attainment-with-lifetime-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#11
Yasuhiko Kubota, Gerardo Heiss, Richard F MacLehose, Nicholas S Roetker, Aaron R Folsom
Importance: Estimates of lifetime risk may help raise awareness of the extent to which educational inequalities are associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Objective: To estimate lifetime risks of CVD according to categories of educational attainment. Design, Setting, and Participants: Participants were followed from 1987 through December 31, 2013. All CVD events (coronary heart disease, heart failure, and stroke) were confirmed by physician review and International Classification of Diseases codes...
June 12, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600072/colorectal-cancer-screening-recommendations-for-physicians-and-patients-from-the-u-s-multi-society-task-force-on-colorectal-cancer
#12
Douglas K Rex, C Richard Boland, Jason A Dominitz, Francis M Giardiello, David A Johnson, Tonya Kaltenbach, Theodore R Levin, David Lieberman, Douglas J Robertson
This document updates the colorectal cancer (CRC) screening recommendations of the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force of Colorectal Cancer (MSTF), which represents the American College of Gastroenterology, the American Gastroenterological Association, and The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. CRC screening tests are ranked in 3 tiers based on performance features, costs, and practical considerations. The first-tier tests are colonoscopy every 10 years and annual fecal immunochemical test (FIT). Colonoscopy and FIT are recommended as the cornerstones of screening regardless of how screening is offered...
June 2, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575538/willingness-toward-organ-and-body-donation-among-anatomy-professors-and-students-in-mexico
#13
Alejandro Quiroga-Garza, Cynthia Guadalupe Reyes-Hernández, Pablo Patricio Zarate-Garza, Claudia Nallely Esparza-Hernández, Jorge Gutierrez-de la O, David de la Fuente-Villarreal, Rodrigo Enrique Elizondo-Omaña, Santos Guzman-Lopez
Most anatomists agree that cadaver dissection serves as a superior teaching tool in human anatomy education. However, attitudes toward body donation vary widely between different individuals. A questionnaire was developed to determine the attitudes toward body and organ donation among those who learn the most from cadavers: medical students, medical student teaching assistants, medical students involved in research, and anatomy professors. A cross-sectional, prospective study was designed in which the questionnaire was distributed among first-year human anatomy students before undertaking cadaver dissection at the beginning of the semester, and then again after a commemoration service at the end of the course...
June 2, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570382/critical-care-nurses-suggestions-to-improve-end-of-life-care-obstacles-minimal-change-over-17-years
#14
Renea L Beckstrand, Kacie Hart Hadley, Karlen E Luthy, Janelle L B Macintosh
BACKGROUND: Critical-care nurses (CCNs) provide end-of-life (EOL) care on a daily basis as 1 in 5 patients dies while in intensive care units. Critical-care nurses overcome many obstacles to perform quality EOL care for dying patients. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to collect CCNs' current suggestions for improving EOL care and determine if EOL care obstacles have changed by comparing results to data gathered in 1998. METHODS: A 72-item questionnaire regarding EOL care perceptions was mailed to a national, geographically dispersed, random sample of 2000 members of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses...
July 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555630/colorectal-cancer-screening-recommendations-for-physicians-and-patients-from-the-u-s-multi-society-task-force-on-colorectal-cancer
#15
Douglas K Rex, C Richard Boland, Jason A Dominitz, Francis M Giardiello, David A Johnson, Tonya Kaltenbach, Theodore R Levin, David Lieberman, Douglas J Robertson
This document updates the colorectal cancer (CRC) screening recommendations of the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force of Colorectal Cancer (MSTF), which represents the American College of Gastroenterology, the American Gastroenterological Association, and The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. CRC screening tests are ranked in 3 tiers based on performance features, costs, and practical considerations. The first-tier tests are colonoscopy every 10 years and annual fecal immunochemical test (FIT). Colonoscopy and FIT are recommended as the cornerstones of screening regardless of how screening is offered...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535321/rural-family-medicine-outcomes-at-the-university-of-minnesota-medical-school-duluth
#16
Anna Fuglestad, Jacob Prunuske, Ronald Regal, Courtney Hunter, James Boulger, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The University of Minnesota Medical School Duluth (MSD) opened in 1972 with a mission to train physicians serving rural Minnesota, emphasizing family medicine and American Indian (AI) communities. Nationwide there are shortages in family medicine and AI physicians, and MSD is a leader in these outcomes. METHODS: This is a longitudinal, retrospective cohort analysis of 1972-2009 MSD graduates using descriptive statistics and multivariate regression to determine relationships between gender, race, age, and hometown and outcomes of family medicine specialty, rural practice, and rural family medicine practice...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534681/referral-of-older-thyroid-cancer-patients-to-a-high-volume-surgeon-results-of-a-multidisciplinary-physician-survey
#17
Maria Papaleontiou, Paul G Gauger, Megan R Haymart
OBJECTIVE: Surgical outcomes of thyroid cancer patients are improved with high-volume surgeons. However, age disparities in referral to specialist surgical centers still exist. The factors that influence decision-making regarding referral of older thyroid cancer patients to high-volume surgeons remain unknown. METHODS: We surveyed members of the Endocrine Society, American College of Physicians and American Academy of Family Practice. RESULTS: Overall, 270 physicians completed the survey...
May 23, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492856/treatment-of-low-bone-density-or-osteoporosis-to-prevent-fractures-in-men-and-women-a-clinical-practice-guideline-update-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#18
Amir Qaseem, Mary Ann Forciea, Robert M McLean, Thomas D Denberg
Description: This guideline updates the 2008 American College of Physicians (ACP) recommendations on treatment of low bone density and osteoporosis to prevent fractures in men and women. This guideline is endorsed by the American Academy of Family Physicians. Methods: The ACP Clinical Guidelines Committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized controlled trials; systematic reviews; large observational studies (for adverse events); and case reports (for rare events) that were published between 2 January 2005 and 3 June 2011...
June 6, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472603/young-women-s-perceptions-regarding-communication-with-healthcare-providers-about-breast-cancer-risk-and-prevention
#19
Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Karena F Sapsis, Betsy Smither, Jennifer Reynolds, Ben Wilburn, Temeika Fairley
BACKGROUND: Women younger than 45 years old have lower rates of breast cancer, but higher risk of recurrence and mortality after a cancer diagnosis. African American women are at risk for early onset and increased mortality; Ashkenazi Jewish women are at risk for genetic mutations leading to breast and ovarian cancer. Although younger women are encouraged to talk to doctors about their family history, little is known about these discussions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2015, 167 women aged 18-44 years participated in 20 focus groups segmented by geographic location, age, race/ethnicity, and family history of breast and ovarian cancer...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468682/unto-the-third-generation-evidence-for-strong-familial-aggregation-of-physicians-psychologists-and-psychotherapists-among-first-year-medical-and-psychology-students-in-a-nationwide-austrian-cohort-census
#20
Ulrich S Tran, Nina Berger, Martin E Arendasy, Tobias Greitemeyer, Monika Himmelbauer, Florian Hutzler, Hans-Georg Kraft, Karl Oettl, Ilona Papousek, Oliver Vitouch, Martin Voracek
BACKGROUND: Medical students present higher numbers of physician relatives than expectable from the total population prevalence of physicians. Evidence for such a familial aggregation effect of physicians has emerged in investigations from the Anglo-American, Scandinavian, and German-speaking areas. In particular, past data from Austria suggest a familial aggregation of the medical, as well as of the psychological and psychotherapeutic, professions among medical and psychology undergraduates alike...
May 3, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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