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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910751/recent-advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-paradigm-of-mild-to-recalcitrant-atopic-dermatitis
#1
Zahid Hussain, Shariza Sahudin, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Endang Kumolosasi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin E (IgE), T lymphocytes, and mast cells. The key factors responsible for the pathophysiology of this disease are immunological disorders and defects in epidermal barrier properties. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance, and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological disorder. Preventive interventions such as educational programs, avoidance of allergens, and exclusive care toward the skin could play a partial role in suppressing the symptoms...
2016: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898573/improving-physician-recommendations-for-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-the-role-of-professional-organizations
#2
Yulin Hswen, Melissa B Gilkey, Barbara K Rimer, Noel T Brewer
BACKGROUND: To address low human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage, the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) have launched national campaigns encouraging physicians to deliver strong HPV vaccine recommendations. We surveyed family physicians and pediatricians to examine the impact of these efforts on physicians' recommendation practices. METHODS: A national sample of family physicians and pediatricians (n = 776) completed our online survey in 2014...
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893929/a-review-of-cost-communication-in-oncology-patient-attitude-provider-acceptance-and-outcome-assessment
#3
REVIEW
Ya-Chen Tina Shih, Chun-Ru Chien
The American Society of Clinical Oncology released its first guidance statement on the cost of cancer care in August 2009, affirming that patient-physician cost communication is a critical component of high-quality care. This forward-thinking recommendation has grown increasingly important in oncology practice today as the high costs of cancer care impose tremendous financial burden to patients, their families, and the health care system. For the current review, a literature search was conducted using the PubMed and Web of Science databases to identify articles that covered 3 topics related to patient-physician cost communication: patient attitude, physician acceptance, and the associated outcomes; and 15 articles from 12 distinct studies were identified...
November 28, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879621/online-ratings-of-asoprs-surgeons-what-do-your-patients-really-think-of-you
#4
Alexander F Vu, Gabriela M Espinoza, Julian D Perry, Rao V Chundury
PURPOSE: To characterize patient evaluations of American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS) surgeons on a popular online physician rating website in an effort to determine which factors play a role in determining the likelihood of a patient recommending an ASOPRS surgeon to family and friends. METHODS: After obtaining approval and access from Healthgrades.com, the website database was searched for 612 U.S.-based ASOPRS members using their name as published on http://www...
November 22, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875598/results-of-the-2016-national-resident-matching-program%C3%A2-1986-2016-a-comparison-of-family-medicine-e-roads-and-other-select-specialties
#5
Stanley M Kozakowski, Alexandra Travis, Ashley Bentley, Gerald Fetter
This article is a continuation in a series of national studies conducted by the American Academy of Family Physicians that reports the performance of family medicine and other primary care specialties in the National Residency Matching Program® (NRMP) Main Residency Match, hereafter called the Match. Match data from 1986-2016 were analyzed to compare the numbers of positions offered and filled in family medicine, other primary care specialties, emergency medicine, diagnostic radiology, ophthalmology, anesthesiology, and dermatology (E-ROAD), and other select specialties...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855773/email-communication-in-a-developing-country-different-family-physician-and-patient-perspectives
#6
Nisrine N Makarem, Jumana Antoun
BACKGROUND: Email communication between physicians and patients could improve access to and delivery of health care. Most of the literature studies about email communication between physicians and patients have been conducted in developing countries. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the practices, attitudes, and barriers of both physicians' and patients' use of email within the same health care setting of a developing country. METHODS: A cross-sectional paper-based survey was conducted among 39 physicians and 500 patients at the Family Medicine clinics of the American University of Beirut, a tertiary academic medical center...
2016: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818333/pulmonary-hypertension-care-center-network-improving-care-and-outcomes-in-ph
#7
Sandeep Sahay, Lana Melendres-Groves, Leena Pawar, Hector R Cajigas
Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) is a chronic, progressive, life threatening disease that requires multidisciplinary expert care. To facilitate this expert, multidisciplinary care, the PH association established a network of pulmonary hypertension care centers (PHCC) with special expertise in pulmonary hypertension (PH), particularly pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), to raise the overall quality of care and outcomes in patients with this life-threatening disease across the United States (US). Since the inception of PHCC in September 2014, till date thirty-five centers have been accredited in the US...
November 3, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798948/optimizing-outcomes-following-total-and-subtotal-tongue-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-of-the-contemporary-literature
#8
Oscar J Manrique, Hyuma A Leland, Claude-Jean Langevin, Alex Wong, Joseph N Carey, Pedro Ciudad, Hung-Chi Chen, Ketan M Patel
BACKGROUND: More than 45,000 Americans are diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer annually and multimodal treatment often requires wide excision, lymphadenectomy, chemotherapy, and radiation. Total and subtotal lingual resection severely impairs speech, swallow, and quality of life (QoL). This study investigates functional outcomes and QoL following subtotal and total tongue resection with free tissue transfer reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the English language literature was performed using PubMed, Ovid, Embase, and Cochrane databases based on predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774584/montefiore-einstein-center-for-the-aging-brain-preliminary-data
#9
Joe Verghese, Rubina Malik, Jessica Zwerling
Given the multifaceted nature of dementia care management, an interdisciplinary comprehensive clinical approach is necessary. We describe our one-year experience with outpatient based dementia care at the Montefiore-Einstein Center for the Aging Brain (CAB) involving an multispecialty team of geriatricians, neurologists, and neuropsychologists, supported by geriatric psychiatrists, physiatrists, and social services. The goals of the CAB is to maximize dementia outcomes, including regular monitoring of patient's health and cognition, education and support to patients, their families and caregivers; initiation of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments as appropriate, and the facilitation of access to clinical trials...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770375/predictors-and-barriers-to-hepatitis-b-screening-in-a-midwest-suburban-asian-population
#10
Shanna Cheng, Elton Li, Anna S Lok
Despite guidelines recommending hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening among the Asian population, not all Asians are screened. We assessed barriers to and factors predicting HBV screening in Michigan. Adults residing in Southeast Michigan self-identifying as Asian were surveyed at Asian grocery stores, restaurants, churches, and community events. 404 persons participated in the survey, 54 % were women, median age was 51 years, 63 % were Chinese, and 93.8 % were born outside the U.S. 181 (44.8 %) had not or could not recall having been screened for HBV...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760535/the-haiti-medical-education-project-development-and-analysis-of-a-competency-based-continuing-medical-education-course-in-haiti-through-distance-learning
#11
Robert Battat, Marc Jhonson, Lorne Wiseblatt, Cruff Renard, Laura Habib, Manouchka Normil, Brian Remillard, Timothy F Brewer, Galit Sacajiu
BACKGROUND: Recent calls for reform in healthcare training emphasize using competency-based curricula and information technology-empowered learning. Continuing Medical Education programs are essential in maintaining physician accreditation. Haitian physicians have expressed a lack access to these activities. The Haiti Medical Education Project works in alliance with Haitian medical leadership, faculty and students to support the Country's medical education system. We present the creation, delivery and evaluation of a competency-based continuing medical education curriculum for physicians in rural Haiti...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743735/why-burn-patients-are-referred
#12
Noor-Ahmad Latifi, Hamid Karimi
BACKGROUND: Many burn patients are needed to be referred to a tertiary burn hospital according to the American Burn Association (ABA) criteria. The purpose of this study was to verify the reasons for referring of the burn patients to the hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 2 years, we prospectively surveyed the burn patients referred to a tertiary teaching burn hospital. Data for the following variables were collected and analyzed with SPSS software V21.0: causes of burn; age; gender; total body surface area (TBSA) measured at the referring center; TBSA measured at the receiving center; concomitant diseases and traumas; the reason for referral; condition of patients before and during the transportation; transportation time; presence of infection; presence of inhalation injury, electrical injury, and chemical injury; child abuse; insurance coverage; and results and outcomes of patients...
October 12, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740668/entry-of-us-medical-school-graduates-into-family-medicine-residencies-2015-2016
#13
Stanley M Kozakowski, Alexandra Travis, Ashley Bentley, Gerald Fetter
This is the 35th national study conducted by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) that reports retrospectively the percentage of graduates from MD-granting and DO-granting medical schools who entered Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited family medicine residency programs as first-year residents. Approximately 8.7% of the 18,929 students graduating from US MD-granting medical schools and 15.5% of the 5,314 students graduating from DO-granting medical schools between July 2014 and June 2015 entered an ACGME family medicine residency in 2015...
October 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699215/our-inaugural-issue
#14
Sarah Jackson
We are delighted to publish the first set of articles in JCI Insight, the newest peer-reviewed publication of the American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI), a nonprofit honor society for physician-scientists. In creating this journal, we sought to provide an expanded forum for a wide range of preclinical, translational, and clinical research that uncovers new insights into the basis of disease and therapeutic approaches. In selecting articles for JCI Insight, we place a strong emphasis on rigorous experimental methods and data reporting, which are truly the hallmark of publications in the JCI family...
January 21, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677823/burnout-in-the-plastic-surgeon-implications-and-interventions
#15
Christina Prendergast, Erika Ketteler, Gregory Evans
A career as a plastic surgeon is both rewarding and challenging. The road to becoming a surgeon is a long arduous endeavor and can bring significant challenges not only to the surgeon but their family. A study by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) suggested that over 40% of surgeons experience burnout and a recent survey of American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) showed that more than one-fourth of plastic surgeons have signs of professional burnout. Burnout is a state of physical and mental exhaustion...
September 27, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671536/a-first-line-diagnostic-assay-for-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-and-other-myopathies
#16
Dorota Monies, Hindi N Alhindi, Mohamed A Almuhaizea, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Anas M Alazami, Ewa Goljan, Banan Alyounes, Dyala Jaroudi, Abdulelah AlIssa, Khalid Alabdulrahman, Shazia Subhani, Mohamed El-Kalioby, Tariq Faquih, Salma M Wakil, Nada A Altassan, Brian F Meyer, Saeed Bohlega
BACKGROUND: Fifty random genetically unstudied families (limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD)/myopathy) were screened with a gene panel incorporating 759 OMIM genes associated with neurological disorders. Average coverage of the CDS and 10 bp flanking regions of genes was 99 %. All families were referred to the Neurosciences Clinic of King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Saudi Arabia. Patients presented with muscle weakness affecting the pelvic and shoulder girdle. Muscle biopsy in all cases showed dystrophic or myopathic changes...
September 27, 2016: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649411/chinese-americans-views-and-use-of-family-health-history-a-qualitative-study
#17
Lei-Shih Chen, Ming Li, Divya Talwar, Lei Xu, Mei Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Family health history (FHH) plays a significant role in early disease detection and prevention. Although Asian Americans are the fastest growing U.S. immigrant group, no data exists regarding Chinese Americans' (the largest Asian subgroup) views and use of FHH. This study examines this important issue. METHODS: Forty-nine adults from southern U.S. Chinese American communities participated in this qualitative, semi-structured, in-depth interview study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613894/the-difference-a-decade-makes-smoking-cessation-counseling-and-screening-at-pediatric-visits
#18
Philip B Cawkwell, Lily Lee, Jenni Shearston, Scott E Sherman, Michael Weitzman
INTRODUCTION: There has been a sharp decline in adolescents who smoke cigarettes but no national-level study evaluating the impact of smoking cessation counseling by pediatricians or other clinicians who care for children. METHODS: Combined data from ambulatory portions of the National Hospital Ambulatory Care Survey and National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 1997-1999 and 2009-2011 were analyzed to determine changes in the frequency of pediatric visits that included clinician-reported tobacco counseling and how such counseling varied by child, family, and clinician characteristics...
November 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602976/online-survey-of-us-dermatologists-sunscreen-opinions-perceptions-recommendation-factors-and-self-usage
#19
Aaron S Farberg, Adam C Rigel, Darrell S Rigel
The American Academy of Dermatology and dermatologists' themselves, have recommended public education and patient counseling regarding sunscreen. The purpose of this study was to determine US dermatologists' actual sunscreen perceptions as well as their recommendations and personal usage. 540 practicing US dermatologists responded to an online survey that assessed each physician's perception of safety and efficacy of sunscreen, recommendation factors, and personal usage. Dermatologists have an overall positive view of sunscreen...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595430/allocation-of-physician-time-in-ambulatory-practice-a-time-and-motion-study-in-4-specialties
#20
Christine Sinsky, Lacey Colligan, Ling Li, Mirela Prgomet, Sam Reynolds, Lindsey Goeders, Johanna Westbrook, Michael Tutty, George Blike
Background: Little is known about how physician time is allocated in ambulatory care. Objective: To describe how physician time is spent in ambulatory practice. Design: Quantitative direct observational time and motion study (during office hours) and self-reported diary (after hours). Setting: U.S. ambulatory care in 4 specialties in 4 states (Illinois, New Hampshire, Virginia, and Washington). Participants: 57 U...
September 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
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