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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148734/unraveling-the-role-of-structural-order-in-the-transformation-of-electrical-conductivity-in-ca2fecoo6-%C3%AE-casrfecoo6-%C3%AE-and-sr2fecoo6-%C3%AE
#1
Ram Krishna Hona, Ashfia Huq, Farshid Ramezanipour
The ability to control the electrical conductivity of solid-state oxides using structural parameters has been demonstrated. A correlation has been established between the electrical conductivity and structural order in a series of oxygen-deficient perovskites using X-ray and neutron diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and electrical conductivity studies at a wide temperature range, 25-800 °C. The crystal structure of CaSrFeCoO6-δ has been determined, and its stark contrast to Ca2FeCoO6-δ and Sr2FeCoO6-δ has been demonstrated...
November 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146232/parathyroidectomy-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-impacts-of-different-techniques-on-the-biochemical-and-clinical-evolution-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#2
Roxana de Fátima Camelo Albuquerque, Cinthia Esbrile Moraes Carbonara, Rita de Cássia T Martin, Luciene Machado Dos Reis, Climério Pereira do Nascimento, Sérgio Samir Arap, Rosa M A Moysés, Vanda Jorgetti, Fábio L M Montenegro, Rodrigo Bueno de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Parathyroidectomy (PTx) decreases the mortality rate of refractory secondary hyperparathyroidism (rSHP) due to chronic kidney disease. A consensus regarding which techniques of PTx are associated with better outcomes is not available. The aims of this study are to evaluate the clinical and laboratory evolution of 49 hemodialysis patients with rSHP who underwent PTx using different techniques. METHODS: Patients underwent subtotal PTx (sub-PTx) or total PTx with autotransplantation (AT) of 45 (PTx-AT45) or 90 parathyroid fragments (PTx-AT90) and were followed for 12 months...
November 13, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142096/novel-ca-2-dependent-mechanisms-regulate-spontaneous-release-at-excitatory-synapses-onto-ca1-pyramidal-cells
#3
Walter E Babiec, Thomas J O'Dell
Although long thought to simply be a source of synaptic noise, spontaneous, action-potential independent release of neurotransmitter from presynaptic terminals has multiple roles in synaptic function. We explored whether and to what extent the two predominantly proposed mechanisms for explaining spontaneous release, stochastic activation of voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (VGCCs) or activation of Ca(2+)-sensing receptors (CaSRs) by extracelluar Ca(2+), played a role in the sensitivity of spontaneous release to the level of extracellular Ca(2+) concentration at excitatory synapses at CA1 pyramidal cells of the adult, male mouse hippocampus...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136775/high-parathyroid-hormone-concentration-in-tenofovir-treated-patients-are-due-to-inhibition-of-calcium-sensing-receptor-activity
#4
Alessandra Mingione, Katia Maruca, Federica Chiappori, Francesca Pivari, Caterina Brasacchio, Tiziana Quirino, Ivan Merelli, Laura Soldati, Paolo Bonfanti, Stefano Mora
Bone health impairment is a common finding in HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral treatment. High serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration in patients on antiretroviral treatment containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) has been reported. Hyperparathyroidism was not always sustained by a reduction in vitamin D concentration. We thus hypothesized a direct inhibitory effect of TDF on the Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), leading to hyperparathyroidism. Human embryonic kidney cells were transfected with CASR wild-type gene or mutated in different sites (N124K, T1051G, C788T, T888M)...
November 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136674/familial-hyperparathyroidism-disorders-of-growth-and-secretion-in-hormone-secretory-tissue
#5
Stephen J Marx, Delmar Muniz Lourenco
Six syndromes of familial hyperparathyroidism are compared: 1) Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) expresses primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) beginning at birth with lifelong hypercalcemia. There is nonsuppressed PTH secretion from outwardly normal parathyroid glands. It reflects germline heterozygous mutation in CASR, GNA11, or AP2S1. 2) Neonatal severe primary hyperparathyroidism is severest of the six syndromes. It requires urgent total parathyroidectomy in infancy. It usually reflects biallelic inactivation of the CASR...
November 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128361/involvement-of-mitochondrial-fission-in-calcium-sensing-receptor-mediated-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-during-hypertension
#6
Xin Zhang, Wenjia Chen, Jiawen Li, Shuhan Qi, Siting Hong, Ying Wang, Lei Gao, Zhiyu Shi, Yue Liu, Wenxiu Liu, Yinyu Chi, Chunnan Liu, Yu Fu, Xinhua Yin
Hyperproliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Proper mitochondrial fission and fusion is involved with VSMC function. However, the role and mechanism of mitochondrial morphological changes in VSMC proliferation are not well understood. Here, we found that calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) was increased in the aortas from spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) compared with age-matched Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. There was also an increase in mitochondrial fission and VSMC proliferation, which was attenuated by Calhex231...
November 8, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125103/effect-of-calcium-sensing-receptor-on-the-apoptosis-of-rat-spinal-cord-neurons-in-anoxia-reoxygenation-injury-and-its-significance
#7
Wei He, Ji-Fu Sun, Run-Yu Jiang, Zhi-Jian Zhang, Qian Chen, Yong-Hui Huang
Objective To investigate the effect and significance of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) on the apoptosis of rat spinal cord neurons in anoxia/reoxygenation(A/R) injury. Methods The spinal cells were in ischemia and hypoxia environment for 1 h and in normal environment for 24 h to establish a model of A/R. After spinal A/R model was established,the spinal cells were divided into four groups randomly:the control group,A/R group,A/R+GdCl3 group,and A/R+NPS-2390 group. The expression of CaSR in each group was detected by immunofluorescence and Western blotting...
October 30, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115694/familial-hypocalciuric-hypercalcemia-as-an-atypical-form-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#8
Stephen J Marx
Introduction Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) causes lifelong hypercalcemia with features that overlap with typical primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). The incompleteness of this overlap has led to divergent nomenclatures for FHH. I compare two nomenclatures. One sets FHH as an entity distinct from PHPT. The other groups FHH with PHPT but conditions FHH as atypical PHPT. Methods I analyzed selected articles about calcium-sensing receptors, FHH, PHPT, CASR, GNA11, and AP2S1. Results FHH usually results from a heterozygous germline inactivating mutation of the CASR, and less frequently from mutation of GNA11 or AP2S1...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101653/stomach-and-bone
#9
Alice M Kitay, John P Geibel
The relation between gastrointestinal organs and bone metabolism has become clearer during the last decades. Of paramount importance is the tight and intertwined regulation of gastric acid secretion and bone metabolism in regard of diseases caused by dysfunction of any of these or intermediary organs or mediators. The importance of the functions of the endocrine modulators 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D (calcitriol), PTH, and calcitonin becomes clear when seeing misbalances and its impact on the skeleton. Another important player in the gut-bone signaling axis is calcium, which is operating through the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR)...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099748/recent-advances-in-comprehending-the-signaling-pathways-involved-in-the-progression-of-breast-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Andrea Nicolini, Paola Ferrari, Lucrezia Diodati, Angelo Carpi
This review describes recent advances in the comprehension of signaling pathways involved in breast cancer progression. Calcium sensing receptor (CaSR), caveolae signaling, signaling referred to hypoxia-inducing factors and disturbances in the apoptotic machinery are related to more general biological mechanisms and are considered first. The others refer to signaling pathways of more specific biological mechanisms, namely the heparin/heparin-sulfate interactome, over-expression of miRNA-378a-5p, restriction of luminal and basal epithelial cells, fatty-acid synthesis, molecular pathways related to epithelial to mesenchimal transition (EMT), HER-2/neu gene amplification and protein expression, and the expression of other members of the epithelial growth factor receptor family...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093026/differential-ability-of-pro-inflammatory-and-anti-inflammatory-macrophages-to-perform-macropinocytosis
#11
Dar'ya S Redka, Michael Gütschow, Sergio Grinstein, Johnathan Canton
Macropinocytosis mediates the uptake of antigens and of nutrients that dictate the regulation of cell growth by mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). Because these functions differ in pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory macrophages, we compared the macropinocytic ability of two extreme polarization states. We found that anti-inflammatory macrophages perform vigorous macropinocytosis constitutively, while pro-inflammatory cells are virtually inactive. The total cellular content of Rho-family GTPases was higher in anti-inflammatory cells, but this disparity failed to account for the differential macropinocytic activity...
November 1, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081886/expression-and-role-of-the-calcium-sensing-receptor-in-rat-peripheral-blood-polymorphonuclear-neutrophils
#12
Tai-Yu Zhai, Bao-Hong Cui, Lei Zou, Jing-Ya Zeng, Song Gao, Qianyu Zhao, Yuan Wang, Wan-Lin Xie, Yi-Hua Sun
The calcium-sensing receptors (CaSRs) play an important role in many tissues and organs that are involved in inflammatory reactions. Peripheral blood polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are important inflammatory cells. However, the expression and functions of CaSR in peripheral blood PMNs are still not reported. In this study, we collected rat peripheral blood PMNs to observe the relationship between CaSR and PMNs. From the results, we found first that the CaSR protein was expressed in PMNs, and it increased after PMNs were activated with fMLP...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050010/calcium-sensing-receptor-stimulation-in-cultured-glomerular-podocytes-induces-trpc6-dependent-calcium-entry-and-rhoa-activation
#13
Lei Zhang, Tianrong Ji, Qin Wang, Kexin Meng, Rui Zhang, He Yang, Chang Liao, Linlin Ma, Jundong Jiao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies provided compelling evidence that stimulation of the calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) exerts direct renoprotective action at the glomerular podocyte level. This protective action may be attributed to the RhoA-dependent stabilization of the actin cytoskeleton. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: In the present study, an immortalized human podocyte cell line was used. Fluo-3 fluorescence was utilized to determine intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), and western blotting was used to measure canonical transient receptor potential 6 (TRPC6) protein expression and RhoA activity...
October 19, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046478/cinacalcet-corrects-hypercalcemia-in-mice-with-an-inactivating-g%C3%AE-11-mutation
#14
Sarah A Howles, Fadil M Hannan, Caroline M Gorvin, Sian E Piret, Anju Paudyal, Michelle Stewart, Tertius A Hough, M Andrew Nesbit, Sara Wells, Stephen Dm Brown, Roger D Cox, Rajesh V Thakker
Loss-of-function mutations of GNA11, which encodes G-protein subunit α11 (Gα11), a signaling partner for the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), result in familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia type 2 (FHH2). FHH2 is characterized by hypercalcemia, inappropriately normal or raised parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations, and normal or low urinary calcium excretion. A mouse model for FHH2 that would facilitate investigations of the in vivo role of Gα11 and the evaluation of calcimimetic drugs, which are CaSR allosteric activators, is not available...
October 19, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036195/mutational-and-large-deletion-study-of-genes-implicated-in-hereditary-forms-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-and-correlation-with-clinical-features
#15
Elena Pardi, Simona Borsari, Federica Saponaro, Fausto Bogazzi, Claudio Urbani, Stefano Mariotti, Francesca Pigliaru, Chiara Satta, Fabiana Pani, Gabriele Materazzi, Paolo Miccoli, Lorena Grantaliano, Claudio Marcocci, Filomena Cetani
The aim of this study was to carry out genetic screening of the MEN1, CDKN1B and AIP genes, both by direct sequencing of the coding region and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay in the largest monocentric series of Italian patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 syndrome (MEN1) and Familial Isolated Hyperparathyroidism (FIHP). The study also aimed to describe and compare the clinical features of MEN1 mutation-negative and mutation-positive patients during long-term follow-up and to correlate the specific types and locations of MEN1 gene mutations with onset and aggressiveness of the main MEN1 manifestations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029793/high-extracellular-ca-2-enhances-the-adipocyte-accumulation-of-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-through-a-decrease-in-camp
#16
Ryota Hashimoto, Youichi Katoh, Yuki Miyamoto, Kyoko Nakamura, Seigo Itoh, Hiroyuki Daida, Yuji Nakazato, Takao Okada
Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) are common progenitors of both adipocytes and osteoblasts. We recently suggested that increased [Ca(2+)]o caused by bone resorption might accelerate adipocyte accumulation in response to treatment with both insulin and dexamethasone. In this study, we investigated the mechanism by which high [Ca(2+)]o enhances adipocyte accumulation. We used primary mouse BMSCs and evaluated the levels of adipocyte accumulation by measuring Oil Red O staining. CaSR agonists (both Ca(2+) and Sr(2+)) enhanced the accumulation of adipocytes among BMSCs in response to treatment with both insulin and dexamethasone...
November 2017: Cell Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028549/mta-promotes-chemotaxis-and-chemokinesis-of-immune-cells-through-distinct-calcium-sensing-receptor-signaling-pathways
#17
Fengjiao Chang, Jin Man Kim, Youngnim Choi, Kyungpyo Park
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has been introduced as a choice material for regenerative dentistry. To date, the diverse biological activities of MTA, including its anti-inflammatory effects, have been extensively discussed. However, there is limited insight into the link between MTA and immune cell migration. In this study, we report the role of MTA in enhancing both chemotactic and chemokinetic immune cell migration through distinct signaling pathways. By using versatile live imaging techniques, we demonstrated that MTA-mediated CaSR activation induced diverse downstream pathways to govern cell migratory capacity...
October 4, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986304/molecular-profiles-of-oxyphilic-and-chief-cell-parathyroid-adenoma
#18
Ming Lu, Hanna Kjellin, Omid Fotouhi, Linkiat Lee, Inga-Lena Nilsson, Felix Haglund, Anders Höög, Janne Lehtiö, Catharina Larsson
CONTEXT: Parathyroid adenomas may be composed of chief cells (conventional or water-clear), oxyphilic cells or a mixture of both cells. The molecular background is rarely studied. OBJECTIVE: To molecularly characterize parathyroid adenomas of different cell type composition. DESIGN: Chief and oxyphilic cell adenomas were compared in a cohort of 664 sporadic cases. Extensive analyses of parathyroid tissues were performed in subgroup. Gene expressions of known parathyroid-related genes were quantified by qRT-PCR...
October 3, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983729/increased-casr-and-trpc6-pulmonary-vascular-expression-in-the-nitrofen-induced-model-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#19
Hiroki Nakamura, Julia Zimmer, Tristan Lim, Prem Puri
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The high morbidity and mortality rates in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) are attributed primarily to severe lung hypoplasia and/or persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPH). PPH in CDH is characterized by abnormal vascular remodeling with thickening of medial and adventitial layers and extension of smooth muscle into previously nonmuscularized arteries. Excessive proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMC) is an important contributor to the concentric pulmonary arterial remodeling...
October 5, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951460/calcium-promotes-human-gastric-cancer-via-a-novel-coupling-of-calcium-sensing-receptor-and-trpv4-channel
#20
Rui Xie, Jingyu Xu, Yu-Feng Xiao, Jilin Wu, Hanxing Wan, Bo Tang, JingJing Liu, Yahan Fan, Su-Ming Wang, Yu-Yun Wu, Tobias Xiao Dong, Michael Zhu, John M Carethers, Hui Dong, Shi-Ming Yang
Although dietary calcium intake has long been recommended for disease prevention, the influence of calcium in development of cancer in the upper gastrointestinal tract has not been explored. Here we assess the roles of calcium and calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) in gastric cancer (GC) development. CaSR expression was enhanced in GC specimens, which positively correlated with serum calcium concentrations, tumor progression, poor survival, and male gender in GC patients. CaSR and transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 4 (TRPV4) were co-localized in GC cells, and CaSR activation evoked TRPV4-mediated Ca2+ entry...
September 26, 2017: Cancer Research
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