keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

NOX

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918248/total-nitrogen-removal-products-and-molecular-characteristics-of-14%C3%A2-n-containing-compounds-in-supercritical-water-oxidation
#1
Bowen Yang, Zhemin Shen, Zhiwen Cheng, Wenchao Ji
Supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) process of 14 N-containing compounds was investigated with residence time of 150 s, at a stable pressure of 24 MPa, temperatures of 350-500 °C and 500% excess oxygen, resulted in total nitrogen (TN) removal from 41 to 96%. The products of N-containing species were mainly N2, nitrate, ammonium, as well as hardly nitrite or NOX. The yield distributions of nitrate and ammonium were different: the main nitrate concentrations were obtained from the compounds containing nitro-group and diazonium, like nitrobenzene, 2-nitrophenol and eriochrome blue black R (EBBR); the predominant ammonium yields were achieved from amino-group and N-heterocyclic compounds, such as aniline, 5-chloro-2-methylaniline, 3,4-dichloroaniline, 1-methylimidazole, 1,10-phenanthroline, cyanuric acid, indole and 2,3-indolinedione...
August 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917818/assessment-of-shipping-emissions-on-four-ports-of-portugal
#2
R A O Nunes, M C M Alvim-Ferraz, F G Martins, S I V Sousa
In the last few years, ship emissions have attracted growing attention in the scientific community. The main reason is the constant increase of marine emissions over the last twenty years due to the intensification of port traffic. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate ship emissions (PM10, PM2.5, NOx, SO2, CO, CO2, N2O CH4, NMVOC, and HC) through the activity-based methodology in four of the main ports of Portugal (Leixões, Setúbal, Sines and Viana do Castelo) during 2013 and 2014. The analysis was performed according to ship types (bulk carrier, container, general cargo, passenger, Ro-Ro cargo, tanker and others) and operational modes (manoeuvring, hotelling and during cruising)...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917508/insulin-dependent-metabolic-and-inotropic-responses-in-the-heart-are-modulated-by-hydrogen-peroxide-from-nadph-oxidase-isoforms-nox2-and-nox4
#3
Benjamin Steinhorn, Juliano L Sartoretto, Andrea Sorrentino, Natalia Romero, Hermann Kalwa, E Dale Abel, Thomas Michel
RATIONALE: Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a stable reactive oxygen species (ROS) that has long been implicated in insulin signal transduction in adipocytes. However, H2O2's role in mediating insulin's effects on the heart are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the role of H2O2 in activating insulin-dependent changes in cardiac myocyte metabolic and inotropic pathways. The sources of insulin-dependent H2O2 generation were also studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: In addition to the canonical role of insulin in modulating cardiac metabolic pathways, we found that insulin also inhibited beta adrenergic-induced increases in cardiac contractility...
September 13, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916475/deletion-of-nadh-oxidase-in-listeria-monocytogenes-promotes-the-bacterial-infection-of-brain
#4
Sen Li, Wenwen Yu, Xiao Guan, Zhen Luo, Guowei Chen, Wukang Liu, Jingchen Zhang
NADH oxidase (NOX) plays important roles in respiration and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in cells. In this study, we explored the function of NOX in Listeria monocytogenes by gene deletion. From our results, nox mutant strain (∆nox) had lower H2O2 level and showed no significant alteration in bacteria growth activity. But it had enhanced invasiveness during the invasion of glial cells and mice brain compared to wildtype strain. Furthermore, several virulence genes involved in invasion, such as inlA, inlB, vip and sigB, were upregulated in ∆nox, and the alterations could be restored by complementation...
September 12, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916473/down-regulation-of-nox2-activity-in-phagocytes-mediated-by-atm-kinase-dependent-phosphorylation
#5
Sylvain Beaumel, Antoine Picciocchi, Franck Debeurme, Corinne Vives, Anne-Marie Hesse, Myriam Ferro, Didier Grunwald, Heather Stieglitz, Pahk Thepchatri, Susan M E Smith, Franck Fieschi, Marie José Stasia
NADPH oxidases (NOX) have many biological roles, but their regulation to control production of potentially toxic ROS molecules remains unclear. A previously identified insertion sequence of 21 residues (called NIS) influences NOX activity, and its predicted flexibility makes it a good candidate for providing a dynamic switch controlling the NOX active site. We constructed NOX2 chimeras in which NIS had been deleted or exchanged with those from other NOXs (NIS1, 3 and 4). All contained functional heme and were expressed normally at the plasma membrane of differentiated PLB-985 cells...
September 12, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912935/baicalin-attenuates-subarachnoid-hemorrhagic-brain-injury-by-modulating-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-inflammation-and-oxidative-damage-in-mice
#6
Xianqing Shi, Yongjian Fu, SongSong Zhang, Hao Ding, Jin Chen
In subarachnoid hemorrhagic brain injury, the early crucial events are edema formation due to inflammatory responses and blood-brain barrier disruption. Baicalin, a flavone glycoside, has antineuroinflammatory and antioxidant properties. We examined the effect of baicalin in subarachnoid hemorrhagic brain injury. Subarachnoid hemorrhage was induced through filament perforation and either baicalin or vehicle was administered 30 min prior to surgery. Brain tissues were collected 24 hours after surgery after evaluation of neurological scores...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912642/nox-inhibitors-a-promising-avenue-for-ischemic-stroke
#7
REVIEW
Jong Youl Kim, Joohyun Park, Jong Eun Lee, Midori A Yenari
NADPH-oxidase (NOX) mediated superoxide originally found on leukocytes, but now recognized in several types of cells in the brain. It has been shown to play an important role in the progression of stroke and related cerebrovascular disease. NOX is a multisubunit complex consisting of 2 membrane-associated and 4 cytosolic subunits. NOX activation occurs when cytosolic subunits translocate to the membrane, leading to transport electrons to oxygen, thus producing superoxide. Superoxide produced by NOX is thought to function in long-term potentiation and intercellular signaling, but excessive production is damaging and has been implicated to play an important role in the progression of ischemic brain...
August 2017: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911021/effects-of-lifestyle-modification-on-an-exaggerated-blood-pressure-response-to-exercise-in-normotensive-females
#8
Ryoma Michishita, Masanori Ohta, Masaharu Ikeda, Ying Jiang, Hiroshi Yamato
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to examine the effects of a lifestyle modification on the improvement in an exaggerated systolic blood pressure (SBP) response to exercise in normotensive females. METHODS: The subjects were 78 normotensive females with (n = 25) and without (n = 53) an exaggerated SBP response to exercise who were not taking any medications. An exaggerated SBP response to exercise was defined according to the criteria of the Framingham Study (peak SBP: ≥190 mm Hg)...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910626/long-term-modelling-of-fly-ash-and-radionuclide-emissions-as-well-as-deposition-fluxes-due-to-the-operation-of-large-oil-shale-fired-power-plants
#9
Taavi Vaasma, Marko Kaasik, Jüri Loosaar, Madis Kiisk, Alan H Tkaczyk
Two of the world's largest oil shale-fired power plants (PPs) in Estonia have been operational over 40 years, emitting various pollutants, such as fly ash, SOx, NOx, heavy metals, volatile organic compounds as well as radionuclides to the environment. The emissions from these PPs have varied significantly during this period, with the maximum during the 1970s and 1980s. The oil shale burned in the PPs contains naturally occurring radionuclides from the (238)U and (232)Th decay series as well as (40)K. These radionuclides become enriched in fly ash fractions (up to 10 times), especially in the fine fly ash escaping the purification system...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904996/environmental-and-genetic-determinants-of-biofilm-formation-in-paracoccus-denitrificans
#10
Santosh Kumar, Stephen Spiro
The genome of the denitrifying bacterium Paracoccus denitrificans predicts the expression of a small heme-containing nitric oxide (NO) binding protein, H-NOX. The genome organization and prior work in other bacteria suggest that H-NOX interacts with a diguanylate cyclase that cyclizes GTP to make cyclic di-GMP (cdGMP). Since cdGMP frequently regulates attached growth as a biofilm, we first established conditions for biofilm development by P. denitrificans. We found that adhesion to a polystyrene surface is strongly stimulated by the addition of 10 mM Ca(2+) to rich media...
September 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904740/low-dose-ionizing-radiation-affects-mesenchymal-stem-cells-via-extracellular-oxidized-cell-free-dna-a-possible-mediator-of-bystander-effect-and-adaptive-response
#11
V A Sergeeva, E S Ershova, N N Veiko, E M Malinovskaya, A A Kalyanov, L V Kameneva, S V Stukalov, O A Dolgikh, M S Konkova, A V Ermakov, V P Veiko, V L Izhevskaya, S I Kutsev, S V Kostyuk
We have hypothesized that the adaptive response to low doses of ionizing radiation (IR) is mediated by oxidized cell-free DNA (cfDNA) fragments. Here, we summarize our experimental evidence for this model. Studies involving measurements of ROS, expression of the NOX (superoxide radical production), induction of apoptosis and DNA double-strand breaks, antiapoptotic gene expression and cell cycle inhibition confirm this hypothesis. We have demonstrated that treatment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with low doses of IR (10 cGy) leads to cell death of part of cell population and release of oxidized cfDNA...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903379/extracorporeal-shock-wave-treatment-attenuated-left-ventricular-dysfunction-and-remodeling-in-mini-pig-with-cardiorenal-syndrome
#12
Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Hani E E Ali, Ben-Chung Cheng, Hsin-Ju Chiang, Pei-Hsun Sung, Kuan-Hung Chen, Chih-Chao Yang, Yen-Ta Chen, John Y Chiang, Pao-Yuan Lin, Sarah Chua, Han-Tan Chai, Sheng-Ying Chung, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Hon-Kan Yip
This study tested the hypothesis that extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) treatment can improve ischemia-induced left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in mini-pig with co-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD). LV ischemia in mini-pigs was induced by applying an ameroid constrictor over mid-left anterior descending artery (LAD), while model of CKD was established by right nephrectomy with partial ligation of left renal arterioles 2 weeks before LAD constriction. Thirty mini-pigs were randomly divided into group 1 (sham-control), group 2 (LV-ischemia), group 3 (LV-ischemia + CKD), Group 4 [LV-ischemia + ECSW (applied 1200 shots at 0...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899716/from-birth-to-death-a-role-for-reactive-oxygen-species-in-neuronal-development
#13
REVIEW
Carlos Wilson, Ernesto Muñoz-Palma, Christian González-Billault
Historically, ROS have been considered toxic molecules, especially when their intracellular concentration reaches high values. However, physiological levels of ROS support crucial cellular processes, acting as second messengers able to regulate intrinsic signaling pathways. Specifically, both the central and peripheral nervous systems are especially susceptible to changes in the redox state, developing either a defense or adaptive response depending on the concentration, source and duration of the pro-oxidative stimuli...
September 9, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899085/correlation-between-nadph-oxidase-mediated-oxidative-stress-and-dysfunction-of-endothelial-progenitor-cell-in-hyperlipidemic-patients
#14
Ting-Bo Li, Yin-Zhuang Zhang, Wei-Qi Liu, Jie-Jie Zhang, Jun Peng, Xiu-Ju Luo, Qi-Lin Ma
Background/Aims: NADPH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) oxidase (NOX)-mediated oxidative stress plays a key role in promotion of oxidative injury in the cardiovascular system. The aim of this study is to evaluate the status of NOX in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) of hyperlipidemic patients and to assess the correlation between NOX activity and the functions EPCs. Methods: A total of 30 hyperlipidemic patients were enrolled for this study and 30 age-matched volunteers with normal level of plasma lipids served as controls...
September 13, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898845/the-transformation-pathways-of-nitrogen-in-sewage-sludge-during-hydrothermal-treatment
#15
Xiuzheng Zhuang, Yanqin Huang, Yanpei Song, Hao Zhan, Xiuli Yin, Chuangzhi Wu
Hydrothermal treatment (HT) has been proved as a significant pretreatment in decreasing emissions of NOX pollutants from thermochemical utilization of sewage sludge (SS) derived solid fuel. This study aims to investigate the denitrification of HT and the redistribution of nitrogen (N) in different products so as to speculate the comprehensive pathway of N transformation during hydrothermal process. Results found that only 20% of N remained in hydrochar, whereas the rest of N (nearly 80%) was transformed into other phase...
September 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895864/immunomodulatory-potential-of-%C3%AE-glucan-as-supportive-treatment-in-porcine-rotavirus-enteritis
#16
Gollahalli Eregowda Chethan, Jugal Garkhal, Shubhankar Sircar, Yash Pal Singh Malik, Reena Mukherjee, Nihar Ranjan Sahoo, Rajesh Kumar Agarwal, Ujjwal Kumar De
A non-blinded randomized clinical trial was conducted to assess the immunomodulatory potential of β-glucan (BG) in piglet diarrhoea associated with type A rotavirus infection. A total of 12 rotavirus-infected diarrheic piglets were randomly divided into two groups: wherein six rotavirus-infected piglets were treated with supportive treatment (ST) and other six rotavirus-infected piglets were treated with BG along with ST (ST-BG). Simultaneously, six healthy piglets were also included in the study which served as control...
September 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895018/promotional-effect-of-rare-earth-doped-manganese-oxides-supported-on-activated-semi-coke-for-selective-catalytic-reduction-of-no-with-nh3
#17
Zheng Yan, Yanxin Qu, Lili Liu, Xinlei Ge, Jiayao Yang, Lihong Wei, Tianhua Yang, Xidong Wang
A composite catalyst for the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx with NH3 is investigated, in which the rare earth (RE, including La, Ce, Pr, and Nd) is doped into manganese oxides supported on activated semi-coke (MnOx/ASC) via hydrothermal method at the molar ratio of Mn:RE = 1:5. It is evidenced that the addition of RE at a rather low molar ratio can enhance the catalytic activity of MnOx/ASC. The catalyst with a Mn:Ce molar ratio of 10:1 yields an over 90% NOx removal efficiency in the temperature range of 150-250 °C...
September 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894215/gene-expression-of-nox-family-members-and-their-clinical-significance-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Hyuk Soo Eun, Sang Yeon Cho, Jong Seok Joo, Sun Hyung Kang, Hee Seok Moon, Eaum Seok Lee, Seok Hyun Kim, Byung Seok Lee
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase complex-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) promote chronic liver inflammation and remodeling that can drive hepatocellular carcinoma development. The role of NOX expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been partially investigated; however, the clinical relevance of collective or individual NOX family member expression for HCC survival remains unclear. Here, we obtained NOX mRNA expression data for 377 HCC samples and 21 normal liver controls from the TCGA data portal and performed Kaplan-Meier survival, gene ontology functional enrichment, and gene set enrichment analyses...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892880/elevation-of-oxidative-stress-and-decline-in-endogenous-antioxidant-defense-in-elderly-individuals-with-hypertension
#19
Govindanagouda V Naregal, Basavaraj B Devaranavadagi, Satish G Patil, Basavaraj S Aski
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is becoming an important medical and public health problem all over the world and is the most common disorder of ageing. There is a growing evidence of involvement of vascular oxidative stress in the development of hypertension from animal studies. However, studies on humans with hypertension, particularly in elderly are least and data remained controversial. Moreover, studies in elderly people with hypertension are scarce. AIM: To investigate the possible role of oxidative stress and antioxidant defense in the pathogenesis of hypertension in elderly...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892852/contribution-of-ship-emissions-to-the-concentration-of-pm2-5-a-comprehensive-study-using-ais-data-and-wrf-chem-model-in-bohai-rim-region-china
#20
Dongsheng Chen, Na Zhao, Jianlei Lang, Ying Zhou, Xiaotong Wang, Yue Li, Yuehua Zhao, Xiurui Guo
Compared with on-road vehicles, emission from ships is one of the least-regulated anthropogenic emission sources and non-negligible source of primary aerosols and gas-phase precursors of PM2.5. The Bohai Rim Region in China hosts dozens of large ports, two of which ranked among the top ten ports in the world. To determine the impact of ship emissions on the PM2.5 concentrations over this region, two parts of works have been conducted in this study. First, a detailed ship emission inventory with high spatiotemporal resolution was developed based on Automatic Identification System (AIS) data...
September 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
keyword
keyword
64585
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"