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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922294/health-professionals-quality-of-life-in-relation-to-end-of-life-care
#1
Juan P Linzitto, Gladys Grance
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Palliative care professionals are frequently exposed to stressful and demanding situations in the assistance of patients and their families, therefore research related to their quality of life is a relevant topic to provide evidence on interventions oriented to professional self-care. RECENT FINDINGS: Research about professionals' quality of life is having a profuse development with core concepts being under review. SUMMARY: Currently, burnout syndrome and compassion fatigue are considered relevant determinants of professionals' quality of life...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919155/context-sensitive-regulation-of-pain-and-emotion-development-and-initial-validation-of-a-scale-for-context-insensitive-avoidance
#2
Ida K Flink, Ester Klein-Strandberg, Steven J Linton
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Context insensitivity has been put forward as a potential mechanism explaining the high co-occurrence of pain and emotional distress. In the pain literature, the concept has only been introduced at a theoretical level and an assessment tool for exploring its impact is lacking. In an interpersonal setting, a core aspect of context sensitivity and insensitivity concerns when to disclose and when to avoid expressing pain and related distress. Both context insensitive disclosure and context insensitive avoidance may hamper interpersonal support and fuel the problem...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888505/mindfulness-for-novice-pediatric-nurses-smartphone-application-versus-traditional-intervention
#3
Chelsey Morrison Wylde, Nicole E Mahrer, Rika M L Meyer, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: The current study compares the effects of a traditionally delivered mindfulness (TDM) intervention to a smartphone delivered mindfulness (SDM) intervention, Headspace, an audio-guided mindfulness meditation program, in a group of novice nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: Novice nurses participating in a pediatric nurse residency program were asked to participate in either a TDM or SDM intervention. Participants (N=95) completed self-administered pencil and paper questionnaires measuring mindfulness skills, and risk and protective factors at the start of their residency and three months after entering the program...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886675/self-criticism-and-depressive-symptoms-mediating-role-of-self-compassion
#4
Huaiyu Zhang, Natalie N Watson-Singleton, Sara E Pollard, Delishia M Pittman, Dorian A Lamis, Nicole L Fischer, Bobbi Patterson, Nadine J Kaslow
Self-compassion is gaining recognition as a resilience factor with implications for positive mental health. This study investigated the role of self-compassion in alleviating the effect of self-criticism on depressive symptoms. Participants were 147 urban, low-income African Americans with a recent suicide attempt. They were administered measures of self-criticism, depressive symptoms, and self-compassion. Results from this cross-sectional investigation showed that self-criticism was positively associated with depressive symptoms and negatively associated with self-compassion, and self-compassion was negatively associated with depressive symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876191/self-care-practices-and-the-professional-self
#5
Kendra L Smith
Consistently and actively engaging in self-care has been shown to improve the performance of mental health practitioners by reducing burnout, vicarious trauma, compassion fatigue, and other stress-related psychological problems. Not only is this important to the individual practitioner's well-being, but ethical standards also mandate the recognition and remediation of any physical, mental or emotional self-impairment in order to maintain high standards of care for clients. Professionals in small communities, like the Deaf Community, however, confront unique challenges in attending to their self-care...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869881/the-learner-as-co-creator-a-new-peer-review-and-self-assessment-feedback-form-created-by-student-nurses
#6
Lorraine E Duers
BACKGROUND: Engagement with peer review and self-assessment is not always regarded by student nurses as an activity that results in a positive learning experience. Literature indicates that withdrawal from the learning process becomes attractive to individuals affected by a negative experience of peer review. Literature also provides examples of student nurses' feeling 'torn to shreds' during the process of peer review, resulting in loss of confidence and self-esteem. An influencing factor in such situations appears to be the absence of specific learner-driven criteria against which student nurses can assess peer and self-performance...
September 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867152/cognitive-and-affective-empathy-among-adolescent-siblings-of-children-with-a-physical-disability
#7
Lidia Perenc, Ryszard Pęczkowski
BACKGROUND: This study is a continuation of research on possible psychosocial benefits resulting from exposure to sibling with disability present in the family system. The issue seems to be especially important in Poland because of growing number of children with a disability and inconsistent results of previously performed studies. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to examine the differences in the intensity of cognitive and affective empathy in adolescents who either have or do not have siblings with physical disability...
August 31, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853328/the-feasibility-effectiveness-and-process-of-change-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-adults-with-adhd-a-mixed-method-pilot-study
#8
Lotte Janssen, Alicia M de Vries, Sevket Hepark, Anne E M Speckens
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a promising psychosocial intervention for adult ADHD. The feasibility and effectiveness of an adapted MBCT program is explored, together with the possible process of change. METHOD: Mixed-method study with 31 ADHD patients participating in an adapted MBCT program. Self-report questionnaires on ADHD symptoms, executive functioning, mindfulness skills, self-compassion, patient functioning, and health status were administered before and after MBCT...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833177/a-worthy-self-is-a-caring-self-examining-the-developmental-relations-among-self-esteem-and-self-compassion-in-adolescents
#9
James N Donald, Joseph Ciarrochi, Philip D Parker, Baljinder K Sahdra, Sarah L Marshall, Jiesi Guo
OBJECTIVE: Self-compassion has been framed as a healthy alternative to self-esteem, as it is non-evaluative. However rather than being alternatives, it may be that the two constructs develop in a mutually-reinforcing way. The present study tested this possibility among adolescents. METHOD: A large adolescent sample (N = 2,809; 49.8% female) reported levels of trait self-esteem and self-compassion annually for four years. Auto-regressive cross-lagged structural equation models were used to estimate the reciprocal longitudinal relations between the two constructs...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830721/food-addiction-among-sexual-minorities
#10
Jacob C Rainey, Celina R Furman, Ashley N Gearhardt
Although sexual minorities represent a small proportion of the general population, this group has been observed to be at an increased risk of developing various pathologies, including substance use and eating disorders. Research suggests that foods high in added fat and refined carbohydrates may trigger an addictive response, especially in at-risk individuals. Consequently, food addiction is associated with elevated risk for obesity, diet-related disease, and psychological distress. However, there is limited research on whether food addiction, like substance use, may be elevated among sexual minorities, and whether self-compassion may be a protective factor...
August 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812432/addressing-compassion-fatigue-and-stress-of-special-education-teachers-and-professional-staff-using-mindfulness-and-prayer
#11
Lori M Sharp Donahoo, Beverly Siegrist, Dawn Garrett-Wright
Alternative therapies are promising nursing interventions for improvement of compassion fatigue in educators working in special education. A convenience sample of 27 teachers and professional staff working in special education participated in a quasi-experimental pilot study and completed a pre/posttest of demographic questions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) (10-item) and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL). All attended a presentation on stress, compassion satisfaction (CS), mindfulness, prayer, and social support...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810491/the-body-compassion-scale-development-and-initial-validation
#12
Jennifer K Altman, Ken Linfield, Paul G Salmon, Abbie O Beacham
As the newer mindfulness and acceptance-based cognitive behavioral therapies continue to grow, it is important that corresponding valid and reliable assessment tools are developed and evaluated. This article describes the initial development and validation of the body compassion scale. The body compassion scale is a theoretically derived measure designed to bridge the constructs of body image and self-compassion to provide a targeted measure of underlying mindfulness and acceptance-based constructs. Herein, two studies using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and examining subsequent relationships among other health-related constructs in college-age samples are presented...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810473/the-effect-of-self-compassion-on-the-self-regulation-of-health-behaviors-a-systematic-review
#13
David D Biber, Rebecca Ellis
The purpose of this review was to systematically review the published research on the effect of self-compassion interventions on health behaviors. A self-regulation intervention was defined as participants engaged in goal-setting behavior, goal-directed behavior, monitoring, and/or adjusting health behavior. Seven studies met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed in this review. Self-compassion interventions were just as effective as other behavior change techniques at improving self-regulation of health behavior...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810444/the-role-of-self-disgust-in-eating-psychopathology-in-overweight-and-obesity-can-self-compassion-be-useful
#14
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha
This study explores the relationship between self-disgust and eating psychopathology and whether self-compassion plays a mediator role on this relationship. Participants were 203 adults, from both genders, with overweight and obesity ( MBMI = 31.17, standard deviation = 5.43). Women reported higher levels of self-disgust and eating psychopathology and lower levels of self-compassion than men. Path analysis results suggested that the effect of self-disgust on eating psychopathology occurred partially through one's inability to be self-compassionate...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810375/processes-of-change-in-quality-of-life-weight-self-stigma-body-mass-index-and-emotional-eating-after-an-acceptance-mindfulness-and-compassion-based-group-intervention-kg-free-for-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#15
Lara Palmeira, Marina Cunha, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study examined the effectiveness of Kg-Free: an acceptance-, mindfulness- and compassion-based group intervention for women with overweight and obesity at post-treatment and 3-month follow-up and explored the psychological processes that underlie changes in quality of life, weight self-stigma, body mass index and emotional eating at post-treatment. Overall, 53 women completed Kg-Free. At post-treatment and 3-month follow-up, participants reported increased quality of life, mindfulness and self-compassion abilities and decreased weight self-stigma, emotional eating, shame, weight-related experiential avoidance, self-criticism and body mass index...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802198/body-image-in-emerging-adults-the-protective-role-of-self-compassion
#16
Rachel F Rodgers, Debra L Franko, Elizabeth Donovan, Tara Cousineau, Kayla Yates, Kayla McGowan, Elizabeth Cook, Alice S Lowy
Self-compassion is thought to protect from body image concerns. However, the mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. This study examined three positive dimensions of self-compassion as moderators of the mediated relationship between perceived overweight status, appearance comparison, and appearance esteem. A sample of 232 youth aged 13-18 years, mean=18.36 (1.5) years, reported on appearance esteem, appearance comparison, perceived weight status, and self-compassion dimensions including self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness...
August 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801978/mindfulness-of-voices-self-compassion-and-secure-attachment-in-relation-to-the-experience-of-hearing-voices
#17
James Dudley, Catrin Eames, John Mulligan, Naomi Fisher
OBJECTIVES: Developing compassion towards oneself has been linked to improvement in many areas of psychological well-being, including psychosis. Furthermore, developing a non-judgemental, accepting way of relating to voices is associated with lower levels of distress for people who hear voices. These factors have also been associated with secure attachment. This study explores associations between the constructs of mindfulness of voices, self-compassion, and distress from hearing voices and how secure attachment style related to each of these variables...
August 12, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799282/self-compassion-is-associated-with-optimum-self-care-behaviour-medical-outcomes-and-psychological-well-being-in-a-cross-sectional-sample-of-adults-with-diabetes
#18
M Ferrari, M Dal Cin, M Steele
AIM: To investigate the role of self-compassion in diabetes outcomes, a construct which may be relevant to chronic conditions, given its focus on compassion toward oneself, especially in times of difficulty. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we collected data online from 310 adults diagnosed with diabetes. The questionnaire measured three primary outcomes: self-management behaviours; HbA1c levels and psychological well-being. Potential predictors were also assessed, including self-compassion, locus of control, social support and demographics...
August 11, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798714/buffering-impostor-feelings-with-kindness-the-mediating-role-of-self-compassion-between-gender-role-orientation-and-the-impostor-phenomenon
#19
Alexandra Patzak, Marlene Kollmayer, Barbara Schober
The impostor phenomenon (IP) refers to high-achievers who underestimate their abilities and thus fear being unmasked as impostors. IP sufferers attribute their success to factors other than their abilities, entailing negative emotions, unfavorable motivations, and reduced well-being. The IP was originally conceptualized as a predominantly female experience, and is thus seen as an important psychological barrier for female academic careers. Empirical findings of gender differences in the IP are equivocal, but sparse research on associations between gender-role orientation and the IP indicates that feminine students suffer more intensely from the IP than masculine students...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795825/development-and-validation-of-the-forms-of-self-criticizing-attacking-and-self-reassuring-scale-short-form
#20
Marion Sommers-Spijkerman, Hester Trompetter, Peter Ten Klooster, Karlein Schreurs, Paul Gilbert, Ernst Bohlmeijer
Studies investigating the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) are growing rapidly. As CFT is oriented toward helping people deal with internal processes of self-to-self-relating, having instruments to measure these processes is important. The 22-item Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) has been found a useful measure. In the present study, a 14-item short form of the FSCRS (FSCRS-SF) suited to studies requiring brief measures was developed and tested in a Dutch community sample (N = 363), and cross-validated in a sample consisting of participants in a study on the effectiveness of a guided self-help compassion training (N = 243)...
August 10, 2017: Psychological Assessment
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