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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337821/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-added-to-care-as-usual-for-lung-cancer-patients-and-or-their-partners-a-multi-centre-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
M P J Schellekens, D G M van den Hurk, J B Prins, A R T Donders, J Molema, R Dekhuijzen, M A van der Drift, A E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer patients report among the highest distress rates of all cancer patients. Partners report similar distress rates. The present study examined the effectiveness of additional Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (CAU + MBSR) versus solely care as usual (CAU) to reduce psychological distress in lung cancer patients and/or their partners. METHODS: We performed a multicentre, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial. MBSR is an 8-week group-based intervention, including mindfulness practice and teachings on stress...
March 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329716/-i-ll-do-anything-to-maintain-my-health-how-women-aged-65-94-perceive-experience-and-cope-with-their-aging-bodies
#2
Erica V Bennett, Laura Hurd Clarke, Kent C Kowalski, Peter R E Crocker
We explored how physically active women perceived, experienced, and coped with their aging bodies, and examined their perceptions of the utility of self-compassion to manage aging body-related changes. Findings from a thematic analysis of interviews with 21 women aged 65-94 revealed that they were appreciative of how their bodies worked and accepting of their physical limitations, yet concurrently critical of their body's functionality and appearance. Participants engaged in physical activity and healthy eating to maintain their health and body functionality, yet also used diet, hair styling, anti-aging creams, makeup, physical activity, and clothing to manage their appearances...
March 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326598/compassion-based-meditation-in-african-americans-self-criticism-mediates-changes-in-depression
#3
Suzanne B Johnson, Bradley L Goodnight, Huaiyu Zhang, Irene Daboin, Bobbi Patterson, Nadine J Kaslow
This study examines self-criticism as a mechanism through which compassion meditation reduces depressive symptoms in low-income African American men and women (N = 59) who had recently attempted suicide. After completing several measures, including the Levels of Self-Criticism Scale and Beck Depression Inventory-II, participants were randomly assigned to receive either a six-session compassion meditation (CM) group (Grady Compassion and Meditation Program) or a six-session support group. As predicted, path analysis results showed that treatment condition led to changes in self-criticism from pre- to posttreatment, with those receiving CM showing greater reductions in levels of self-criticism than those randomized to the support group...
March 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317127/two-pathways-to-self-forgiveness-a-hedonic-path-via-self-compassion-and-a-eudaimonic-path-via-the-reaffirmation-of-violated-values
#4
Lydia Woodyatt, Michael Wenzel, Matthew Ferber
Self-forgiveness is often measured as a hedonic end-state, as the presence of positive affect and the absence of negative affect towards the self following a wrongdoing. However, self-forgiveness is also referred to as a difficult process. Self-forgiveness as a process of accepting responsibility and working through one's wrongdoing is a substantially un-hedonic - it is likely to be uncomfortable and at times painful. In this study, we examine two pathways to self-forgiveness: a hedonic focused pathway (via self-compassion) and a eudaimonic pathway (via reaffirmation of transgressed values)...
March 20, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315536/oncology-nurse-retreat-a-strength-based-approach-to-self-care-and-personal-resilience%C3%A2
#5
Ann Kuglin Jones
Oncology nurses are at high risk for burnout and compassion fatigue. Self-care is an essential element that oncology nurses should incorporate into their daily lives but, instead, is often deprioritized. As a result, nurses do not seek out educational opportunities that focus on self-care or personal growth. This article describes the curriculum that was developed for an oncology nurse retreat that promoted self-care and building personal resilience using tools that could be adapted for use with patients and families...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304333/improving-communication-between-physicians-and-their-patients-through-mindfulness-and-compassion-based-strategies-a-narrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Alberto Amutio-Kareaga, Javier García-Campayo, Luis Carlos Delgado, Daniel Hermosilla, Cristina Martínez-Taboada
Communication between physicians and patients is a key pillar of psychosocial support for enhancing the healing process of patients and for increasing their well-being and quality of life. Physicians and other health professionals might benefit from interventions that increase their self-care, awareness, compassion, and other-focused concern, and reduce the chances of distress and burnout. There is substantial evidence for the contribution of different management strategies to achieve these aims. The goal of this article is to review the potential effect of mindfulness and compassion-based strategies for the improvement of physician-patient interactions...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286492/enhancing-visual-perception-and-motor-accuracy-among-school-children-through-a-mindfulness-and-compassion-program
#7
Ricardo Tarrasch, Lilach Margalit-Shalom, Rony Berger
The present study assessed the effects of the mindfulness/compassion cultivating program: "Call to Care-Israel" on the performance in visual perception (VP) and motor accuracy, as well as on anxiety levels and self-reported mindfulness among 4th and 5th grade students. One hundred and thirty-eight children participated in the program for 24 weekly sessions, while 78 children served as controls. Repeated measures ANOVA's yielded significant interactions between time of measurement and group for VP, motor accuracy, reported mindfulness, and anxiety...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270331/compassion-based-therapy-for-trauma-related-shame-and-posttraumatic-stress-initial-evaluation-using-a-multiple-baseline-design
#8
Teresa M Au, Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Matthew W King, Nicola Petrocchi, David H Barlow, Brett T Litz
Accumulating research suggests that shame can strongly contribute to the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Interventions that promote self-compassion have shown promise for reducing shame related to various clinical problems, but this approach has not been systematically evaluated for traumatized individuals. The aim of this study was to develop a brief compassion-based therapy and assess its efficacy for reducing trauma-related shame and PTSD symptoms. Using a multiple baseline experimental design, the intervention was evaluated in a community sample of trauma-exposed adults (N=10) with elevated trauma-related shame and PTSD symptoms...
March 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261147/on-the-role-of-self-compassion-and-self-kindness-in-weight-regulation-and-health-behavior-change
#9
Michail Mantzios, Helen H Egan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249624/a-tailored-compassion-focused-therapy-program-for-sexual-minority-young-adults-with-depressive-symotomatology-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Christopher A Pepping, Anthony Lyons, Ruth McNair, James N Kirby, Nicola Petrocchi, Paul Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) men and women represent one of the highest-risk populations for depressive symptomatology and disorders, with young LGB adults being at greatest risk. To date, there have been no randomized controlled trials (RCT) to specifically target depressive symptoms in young LGB adults. This is despite research highlighting unique predictors of depressive symptomatology in this population. Here we outline a protocol for an RCT that will test the preliminary efficacy of a tailored compassion-focused therapy (CFT) intervention for young LGB adults compared with a self-directed cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program with no specific tailoring for LGB individuals...
March 1, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245794/user-experiences-with-a-web-based-self-help-intervention-for-partners-of-cancer-patients-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-and-self-compassion-a-qualitative-study
#11
Nadine Köhle, Constance H C Drossaert, Jasmijn Jaran, Karlein M G Schreurs, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
BACKGROUND: Partners of cancer patients are the cornerstone of supportive cancer care. They assume different roles and responsibilities that optimally support the patient. Such support is highly demanding, and many partners report (mental) health problems. However, many of them do not use professional supportive care themselves. Offering a Web-based self-help intervention based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and self-compassion could be an important resource to support this group...
February 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223238/self-compassion-directly-and-indirectly-predicts-dietary-adherence-and-quality-of-life-among-adults-with-celiac-disease
#12
A Justine Dowd, Mary E Jung
Strict adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only treatment for preventing both short- and long-term consequences of celiac disease. Given that following a strict GFD can be difficult, evidence-based strategies are needed to improve the psychological experience of living with celiac disease and following the GFD. Self-compassion appears to be an important component of effectively self-regulating one's behavior to cope with a chronic disease. The main goal of this study was to examine the relationships between self-compassion and management of celiac disease as assessed by (a) adherence to a strict GFD and (b) celiac-specific quality of life (CQoL)...
February 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212391/an-empirical-examination-of-the-factor-structure-of-compassion
#13
Jenny Gu, Kate Cavanagh, Ruth Baer, Clara Strauss
Compassion has long been regarded as a core part of our humanity by contemplative traditions, and in recent years, it has received growing research interest. Following a recent review of existing conceptualisations, compassion has been defined as consisting of the following five elements: 1) recognising suffering, 2) understanding the universality of suffering in human experience, 3) feeling moved by the person suffering and emotionally connecting with their distress, 4) tolerating uncomfortable feelings aroused (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211836/workplace-violence-and-the-meaning-of-work-in-healthcare-workers-a-phenomenological-study
#14
Josianne Lamothe, Stephane Guay
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) has been associated with turnover intentions and reduced job satisfaction, yet the mechanisms behind such associations are still nebulous. Studying the way people make sense of their work in the context of WPV could lead to a better understanding of its consequences. PURPOSE: The objective of this exploratory study is to identify key features of meaning of work (MOW) in a group of healthcare workers and explain how these features can change following an act of WPV...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208237/community-mental-health-nurses-understanding-of-compassion-a-naturalistic-interpretative-approach
#15
Kim Barron, Graham Sloan, Ruth Deery
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing emphasis in policy, research and practice in the UK and internationally on the importance of caring in health care. Compassion needs to be at the core of all health care professionals' practice. Recently health care has received negative attention through media and government reports which cite a lack of compassion in care RATIONALE: The concept of compassion has received limited attention in community mental health nursing. AIM: Based on data taken from semi-structured interviews with community mental health nurses this paper aims to describe interpretations and perspectives of compassion to gain insight and development of its meaning METHOD: A naturalistic, interpretive approach was taken to the study...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206848/the-prevalence-of-compassion-fatigue-among-veterinary-students-in-australia-and-the-associated-psychological-factors
#16
Michelle L McArthur, Jena R Andrews, Conor Brand, Susan J Hazel
Compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and other characteristics such as mindfulness and mental health stigma have not been investigated in veterinary students. The aims of this study were twofold: first to determine the prevalence of compassion, satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress among Australian veterinary students and second to investigate the association between these factors and self-stigma, coping, empathy, and mindfulness. A cross-sectional online survey consisting of demographic questions and four validated psychological measures sampled 828 students, with a response rate of 31% (255/828)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206835/resilience-in-veterinary-students-and-the-predictive-role-of-mindfulness-and-self-compassion
#17
Michelle McArthur, Caroline Mansfield, Susan Matthew, Sanaa Zaki, Conor Brand, Jena Andrews, Susan Hazel
Resilience is a dynamic and multifaceted process in which individuals draw on personal and contextual resources. In difficult situations, resilient people use specific strategies to learn from the situation without being overcome by it. As stressors are inherent to veterinary work, including long work hours, ethical dilemmas, and challenging interactions with clients, resilience is an important component of professional quality of life. However, while resilience in other health professionals has received attention, it has received little in the veterinary field...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202502/narrative-empathy-and-illness-memoirs-arthur-frank-s-at-the-will-of-the-body-and-kathlyn-conway-s-ordinary-life
#18
Rosalia Baena
This article analyses the concept of narrative empathy in illness memoirs. These texts negotiate the narrative identity of an autobiographer as he or she recounts the disruptive experience of illness, an experience in which physical and emotional traces dramatically and definitively shape our sense of self. While narrative emotions are certainly deployed in these autobiographies in order to connect with the readers and promote social change, this empathic connection is not so much aimed at arousing compassion but rather more positive emotions on the experience of illness...
February 15, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195187/sensory-augmentation-integration-of-an-auditory-compass-signal-into-human-perception-of-space
#19
Frank Schumann, J Kevin O'Regan
Bio-mimetic approaches to restoring sensory function show great promise in that they rapidly produce perceptual experience, but have the disadvantage of being invasive. In contrast, sensory substitution approaches are non-invasive, but may lead to cognitive rather than perceptual experience. Here we introduce a new non-invasive approach that leads to fast and truly perceptual experience like bio-mimetic techniques. Instead of building on existing circuits at the neural level as done in bio-mimetics, we piggy-back on sensorimotor contingencies at the stimulus level...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194835/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-an-augmentation-treatment-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#20
Brenda L Key, Karen Rowa, Peter Bieling, Randi McCabe, Elizabeth J Pawluk
A significant number of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients continue to experience symptoms that interfere with their functioning following cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Providing an additional augmentation treatment following CBT could help reduce these residual symptoms. Mindfulness interventions that facilitate less reactivity to thoughts and feelings may be helpful for patients suffering from residual OCD symptoms. The purpose of the current randomized waitlist control trial was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of providing an 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention following completion of a CBT intervention to OCD patients who continued to suffer from significant symptoms...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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