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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223238/self-compassion-directly-and-indirectly-predicts-dietary-adherence-and-quality-of-life-among-adults-with-celiac-disease
#1
A Justine Dowd, Mary E Jung
Strict adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only treatment for preventing both short- and long-term consequences of celiac disease. Given that following a strict GFD can be difficult, evidence-based strategies are needed to improve the psychological experience of living with celiac disease and following the GFD. Self-compassion appears to be an important component of effectively self-regulating one's behavior to cope with a chronic disease. The main goal of this study was to examine the relationships between self-compassion and management of celiac disease as assessed by (a) adherence to a strict GFD and (b) celiac-specific quality of life (CQoL)...
February 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212391/an-empirical-examination-of-the-factor-structure-of-compassion
#2
Jenny Gu, Kate Cavanagh, Ruth Baer, Clara Strauss
Compassion has long been regarded as a core part of our humanity by contemplative traditions, and in recent years, it has received growing research interest. Following a recent review of existing conceptualisations, compassion has been defined as consisting of the following five elements: 1) recognising suffering, 2) understanding the universality of suffering in human experience, 3) feeling moved by the person suffering and emotionally connecting with their distress, 4) tolerating uncomfortable feelings aroused (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211836/workplace-violence-and-the-meaning-of-work-in-healthcare-workers-a-phenomenological-study
#3
Josianne Lamothe, Stephane Guay
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) has been associated with turnover intentions and reduced job satisfaction, yet the mechanisms behind such associations are still nebulous. Studying the way people make sense of their work in the context of WPV could lead to a better understanding of its consequences. PURPOSE: The objective of this exploratory study is to identify key features of meaning of work (MOW) in a group of healthcare workers and explain how these features can change following an act of WPV...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208237/community-mental-health-nurses-understanding-of-compassion-a-naturalistic-interpretative-approach
#4
Kim Barron, Graham Sloan, Ruth Deery
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing emphasis in policy, research and practice in the UK and internationally on the importance of caring in health care. Compassion needs to be at the core of all health care professionals' practice. Recently health care has received negative attention through media and government reports which cite a lack of compassion in care RATIONALE: The concept of compassion has received limited attention in community mental health nursing. AIM: Based on data taken from semi-structured interviews with community mental health nurses this paper aims to describe interpretations and perspectives of compassion to gain insight and development of its meaning METHOD: A naturalistic, interpretive approach was taken to the study...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206848/the-prevalence-of-compassion-fatigue-among-veterinary-students-in-australia-and-the-associated-psychological-factors
#5
Michelle L McArthur, Jena R Andrews, Conor Brand, Susan J Hazel
Compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and other characteristics such as mindfulness and mental health stigma have not been investigated in veterinary students. The aims of this study were twofold: first to determine the prevalence of compassion, satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress among Australian veterinary students and second to investigate the association between these factors and self-stigma, coping, empathy, and mindfulness. A cross-sectional online survey consisting of demographic questions and four validated psychological measures sampled 828 students, with a response rate of 31% (255/828)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206835/resilience-in-veterinary-students-and-the-predictive-role-of-mindfulness-and-self-compassion
#6
Michelle McArthur, Caroline Mansfield, Susan Matthew, Sanaa Zaki, Conor Brand, Jena Andrews, Susan Hazel
Resilience is a dynamic and multifaceted process in which individuals draw on personal and contextual resources. In difficult situations, resilient people use specific strategies to learn from the situation without being overcome by it. As stressors are inherent to veterinary work, including long work hours, ethical dilemmas, and challenging interactions with clients, resilience is an important component of professional quality of life. However, while resilience in other health professionals has received attention, it has received little in the veterinary field...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202502/narrative-empathy-and-illness-memoirs-arthur-frank-s-at-the-will-of-the-body-and-kathlyn-conway-s-ordinary-life
#7
Rosalia Baena
This article analyses the concept of narrative empathy in illness memoirs. These texts negotiate the narrative identity of an autobiographer as he or she recounts the disruptive experience of illness, an experience in which physical and emotional traces dramatically and definitively shape our sense of self. While narrative emotions are certainly deployed in these autobiographies in order to connect with the readers and promote social change, this empathic connection is not so much aimed at arousing compassion but rather more positive emotions on the experience of illness...
February 15, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195187/sensory-augmentation-integration-of-an-auditory-compass-signal-into-human-perception-of-space
#8
Frank Schumann, J Kevin O'Regan
Bio-mimetic approaches to restoring sensory function show great promise in that they rapidly produce perceptual experience, but have the disadvantage of being invasive. In contrast, sensory substitution approaches are non-invasive, but may lead to cognitive rather than perceptual experience. Here we introduce a new non-invasive approach that leads to fast and truly perceptual experience like bio-mimetic techniques. Instead of building on existing circuits at the neural level as done in bio-mimetics, we piggy-back on sensorimotor contingencies at the stimulus level...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194835/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-an-augmentation-treatment-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
Brenda L Key, Karen Rowa, Peter Bieling, Randi McCabe, Elizabeth J Pawluk
: A significant number of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients continue to experience symptoms that interfere with their functioning following cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Providing an additional augmentation treatment following CBT could help reduce these residual symptoms. Mindfulness interventions that facilitate less reactivity to thoughts and feelings may be helpful for patients suffering from residual OCD symptoms. The purpose of the current randomized waitlist control trial was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of providing an 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention following completion of a CBT intervention to OCD patients who continued to suffer from significant symptoms...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173769/effects-of-an-antenatal-mindfulness-based-childbirth-and-parenting-programme-on-the-postpartum-experiences-of-mothers-a-qualitative-interview-study
#10
Françoise Roy Malis, Thorsten Meyer, Mechthild M Gross
BACKGROUND: Applications of mindfulness during the perinatal period have recently been explored and appear to offer a decrease in stress, anxiety and depression during this period. However, it still remains unclear what practical use women make of mindfulness during the postpartum period and the mechanisms through which it works. The subjective experience of mindfulness practice by mothers is not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to explore how women enrolled in a "Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting programme" experienced mindfulness practice during the postpartum period...
February 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171852/the-extent-variability-and-attitudes-towards-volunteering-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-implications-for-pedagogy-in-nurse-education
#11
S E Dyson, L Liu, O van den Akker, Mike O'Driscoll
In the aftermath of the Francis Report nurses are being called to account for an apparent lack of care and compassion, leading to debate around pedagogy in nurse education. Absent from this debate is a consideration of student volunteering within undergraduate nursing programmes and its potential to promote student nurses self-esteem and to enhance the development of critical thinking skills. The aim of this study was therefore to understand the extent of and attitudes towards volunteering among nursing students...
January 28, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169571/a-preliminary-exploration-of-the-application-of-self-compassion-within-the-context-of-sport-injury
#12
Zenzi Huysmans, Damien Clement
In a prospective study of collegiate athletes (N=117), the application of self-compassion within the context of sport injury was explored. Previous literature indicated that self-compassion enhances adaptive coping and well-being, and reduces anxiety in stress-provoking situations. This research suggested that it could potentially reduce the stress response and subsequent injury risk. Findings indicated that self-compassion may buffer the experience of somatic anxiety (rs=-.436,p<.01) and worry (rs=-.351,p<...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168608/barriers-facilitators-and-benefits-of-implementation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-routine-care-results-from-a-national-program-evaluation-survey-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#13
Sara J Landes, Allison L Rodriguez, Brandy N Smith, Monica M Matthieu, Lindsay R Trent, Janet Kemp, Caitlin Thompson
National implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provides important lessons on the barriers and facilitators to implementation in a large healthcare system. Little is known about barriers and facilitators to the implementation of a complex EBP for emotional and behavioral dysregulation-dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT). The purpose of this study was to understand VHA clinicians' experiences with barriers, facilitators, and benefits from implementing DBT into routine care...
February 6, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167436/the-physiological-and-emotional-effects-of-touch-assessing-a-hand-massage-intervention-with-high-self-critics
#14
Frances A Maratos, Joana Duarte, Christopher Barnes, Kirsten McEwan, David Sheffield, Paul Gilbert
Research demonstrates that highly self-critical individuals can respond negatively to the initial introduction of a range of therapeutic interventions. Yet touch as a form of therapeutic intervention in self-critical individuals has received limited prior investigation, despite documentation of its beneficial effects for well-being. Using the Forms of Self-Criticism/Self-Reassuring Scale, 15 high- and 14 low- self-critical individuals (from a sample of 139 females) were recruited to assess how self-criticism impacts upon a single instance of focused touch...
January 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165759/recalling-support-provision-decreases-distress-and-anger-in-response-to-partner-suffering
#15
Joan K Monin, Annie Xu, Hannah-Rose Mitchell, Frank Buurman, Catherine Riffin
OBJECTIVES: Thinking about a loved one's suffering can be emotionally stressful and have negative effects on a person's psychological and physical health over time. This study examined the hypotheses that when thinking about a partner's suffering (1) recalling past support provision to the suffering partner can decrease distress and anger and increase compassion, and (2) attachment orientation moderates these effects. METHOD: Seventy-seven older adult spouses of individuals with chronic pain were video-recorded while they disclosed: (1) an instance of partner suffering and (2) an instance of partner suffering plus their support provision...
February 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140679/examining-the-factor-structure-of-the-self-compassion-scale-in-four-distinct-populations-is-the-use-of-a-total-scale-score-justified
#16
Kristin D Neff, Tiffany A Whittaker, Anke Karl
This study examined the factor structure of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) using a bifactor model, a higher order model, a 6-factor correlated model, a 2-factor correlated model, and a 1-factor model in 4 distinct populations: college undergraduates (N = 222), community adults (N = 1,394), individuals practicing Buddhist meditation (N = 215), and a clinical sample of individuals with a history of recurrent depression (N = 390). The 6-factor correlated model demonstrated the best fit across samples, whereas the 1- and 2-factor models had poor fit...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137347/compassion-fatigue-burnout-and-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#17
Erin Sweigart
NICU nurses have seen a dramatic increase in cases of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The care needs of infants with NAS are highly demanding and can lead to feelings of frustration and emotional exhaustion among NICU nurses. Although studies have examined the experiences of nurses caring for NAS patients, none have specifically addressed the risk for compassion fatigue and burnout. Nurses need practical strategies to reduce their risk for compassion fatigue and burnout when caring for these patients. Improved education and implementation of self-care measures can help nurses more effectively manage stress and positively impact care of these infants and their families...
January 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124451/befree-a-new-psychological-program-for-binge-eating-that-integrates-psychoeducation-mindfulness-and-compassion
#18
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
: Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with several psychological and medical problems, such as obesity. Approximately 30% of individuals seeking weight loss treatments present binge eating symptomatology. Moreover, current treatments for BED lack efficacy at follow-up assessments. Developing mindfulness and self-compassion seem to be beneficial in treating BED, although there is still room for improvement, which may include integrating these different but complimentary approaches...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121758/creating-a-holding-environment-for-caregivers
#19
Inga Warren
The quality of care that families and infants receive during their time on the neonatal unit will be influenced by the well-being of the people who care for them. The emotional work of caring for infants and families in this demanding setting often goes unrecognized and can result in stress, burnout, and compassion fatigue, which in turn are a threat to the quality of care. Resilience and well-being can be fostered by encouraging self-maintenance, supportive systems organization, providing a healthy working environment, education, and opportunities for reflection...
January 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119138/exploring-the-efficacy-of-an-acceptance-mindfulness-compassionate-based-group-intervention-for-women-struggling-with-their-weight-kg-free-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha
This randomized-controlled trial aims to test the efficacy of a group intervention (Kg-Free) for women with overweight or obesity based on mindfulness, ACT and compassion approaches. The intervention aimed to reduce weight self-stigma and unhealthy eating patterns and increase quality-of-life (QoL). Seventy-three women, aged between 18 and 55 years old, with BMI ≥25 without binge-eating seeking weight loss treatment were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups. Kg-Free comprises 10 weekly group sessions plus 2 booster fortnightly sessions, of 2h30 h each...
January 21, 2017: Appetite
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