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Self compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759022/compassion-focused-therapy-for-trauma-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-conceptual-review
#1
Megan Cowles, Cathy Randle-Phillips, Andrew Medley
Trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder are more prevalent in people with intellectual disabilities (PWID) than in the general population, yet the evidence base for trauma interventions in this population is sparse. Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) may be particularly well-suited to PWID for a number of reasons, including its adaptability to different developmental levels. PWID are more likely to have issues with self-relating (e.g. shame and self-criticism) and attachment than the general population, two issues that are compounded by trauma and which CFT explicitly seeks to address...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758583/gender-role-conflict-emotional-approach-coping-self-compassion-and-distress-in-prostate-cancer-patients-a-model-of-direct-and-moderating-effects
#2
Jennifer Lennon, David Hevey, Louise Kinsella
OBJECTIVE: Gender role conflict or the negative consequences of male socialization may compromise men's adjustment to prostate cancer by shaping how patients perceive and cope with their illness. Given mixed findings regarding how gender role conflict interacts with emotional approach coping to regulate distress in prostate cancer patients, the present study examined the effects of emotional approach coping, when considered alongside self-compassion, the ability to be kind and understanding of oneself...
May 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734467/the-moderating-role-of-self-compassion-on-weight-and-shape-concerns-and-eating-pathology-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Lauren A Stutts, Kerstin K Blomquist
OBJECTIVE: The present study employed a longitudinal design to examine the moderating role of self-compassion in the relationship between weight/shape concerns and the outcomes of eating pathology and stress in a diverse college student population. METHOD: Participants were 765 students who completed measures of self-compassion, weight/shape concerns, eating pathology, and stress over their first 2 years of college. We tested whether self-compassion attenuated the relation between weight/shape concerns at the beginning of college and eating pathology, and stress later in college...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723135/exploring-the-self-compassion-of-health-care-social-workers-how-do-they-fare
#5
Joann Lianekhammy, J Jay Miller, Jacquelyn Lee, Natalie Pope, Sheila Barnhart, Erlene Grise-Owens
Indubitably, the challenges facing health-care social workers are becoming increasingly complex. Whilst these problematic professional circumstances compound the need for self-compassion among health-care social workers, few studies, if any, have explicitly examined self-compassion among this practitioner group. This cross-sectional study explored self-compassion among a sample of practitioners (N = 138) in one southeastern state. Results indicate that health-care social workers in this sample engage in self-compassion only moderately...
May 3, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723129/self-compassion-coping-strategies-and-caregiver-burden-in-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia
#6
Joanna Lloyd, Jane Muers, Tom G Patterson, Magdalena Marczak
OBJECTIVE: Caring for someone with dementia can have negative consequences for caregivers, a phenomenon known as caregiver burden. Coping strategies influence the impact of caregiving-related stress. Specifically, using emotion-focused strategies has been associated with lower levels of burden, whereas dysfunctional strategies have been related to increased burden. The concept of self-compassion has been linked to both positive outcomes and the coping strategies that are most advantageous to caregivers...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705463/modern-postural-yoga-as-a-mental-health-promoting-tool-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Rita B Domingues
Yoga has been gaining popularity as a complementary therapy for mental health conditions, but research on the efficacy of yoga is still in its beginnings. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of modern postural yoga (strong focus on physical postures) on positive mental health (PMH) indicators in clinical and nonclinical populations. The most common PMH indicators were mindfulness, affect, resilience and well-being, followed by satisfaction with life, self-compassion, empathy and others...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704968/body-image-acceptance-and-action-questionnaire-5-an-abbreviation-using-genetic-algorithms
#8
Geetanjali Basarkod, Baljinder Sahdra, Joseph Ciarrochi
Body image concerns are typically linked with negative outcomes such as disordered eating and diminished well-being, but some people can exhibit psychological flexibility and remain committed to their valued goals despite being dissatisfied about their bodies. Such flexibility is most frequently measured by the Body Image-Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (BI-AAQ). This study used a recently validated, fully automated method based on genetic algorithms (GAs) on data from an American community sample (N1 =538, 71...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697426/does-mindfulness-training-enhance-the-professional-development-of-residents-a-qualitative-study
#9
Hanne Verweij, Hiske van Ravesteijn, Madelon L M van Hooff, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen, Anne E M Speckens
PURPOSE: In addition to developing diagnostic and clinical skills, postgraduate medical education should stimulate residents' professional development. Teaching medical professionalism is challenging and is often left largely to the informal and hidden curricula. An intervention that might be beneficial for medical residents is Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR). The authors implemented MBSR as an optional course for residents and qualitatively explored how it influenced residents professionally...
April 24, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690631/pediatric-integrative-medicine-in-residency-program-relationship-between-lifestyle-behaviors-and-burnout-and-wellbeing-measures-in-first-year-residents
#10
Hilary McClafferty, Audrey J Brooks, Mei-Kuang Chen, Michelle Brenner, Melanie Brown, Anna Esparham, Dana Gerstbacher, Brenda Golianu, John Mark, Joy Weydert, Ann Ming Yeh, Victoria Maizes
It is widely recognized that burnout is prevalent in medical culture and begins early in training. Studies show pediatricians and pediatric trainees experience burnout rates comparable to other specialties. Newly developed Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) core competencies in professionalism and personal development recognize the unacceptably high resident burnout rates and present an important opportunity for programs to improve residents experience throughout training. These competencies encourage healthy lifestyle practices and cultivation of self-awareness, self-regulation, empathy, mindfulness, and compassion—a paradigm shift from traditional medical training underpinned by a culture of unrealistic endurance and self-sacrifice...
April 23, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688843/cost-of-medical-care-of-patients-with-advanced-serious-illness-in-singapore-compass-prospective-cohort-study-protocol
#11
Irene Teo, Ratna Singh, Chetna Malhotra, Semra Ozdemir, Rebecca A Dent, Nesaretnam Barr Kumarakulasinghe, Wee Lee Yeo, Yin Bun Cheung, Rahul Malhotra, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Alethea Chung Pheng Yee, Noreen Chan, Huei Yaw Wu, Soh Mun Chin, Hum Yin Mei Allyn, Grace Meijuan Yang, Patricia Soek Hui Neo, Nivedita V Nadkarni, Richard Harding, Eric A Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Advanced cancer significantly impacts quality of life of patients and families as they cope with symptom burden, treatment decision-making, uncertainty and costs of treatment. In Singapore, information about the experiences of advanced cancer patients and families and the financial cost they incur for end-of-life care is lacking. Understanding of this information is needed to inform practice and policy to ensure continuity and affordability of care at the end of life. The primary objectives of the Cost of Medical Care of Patients with Advanced Serious Illness in Singapore (COMPASS) cohort study are to describe changes in quality of life and to quantify healthcare utilization and costs of patients with advanced cancer at the end of life...
April 23, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688834/reducing-body-image-related-distress-in-women-with-breast-cancer-using-a-structured-online-writing-exercise-results-from-the-my-changed-body-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Kerry A Sherman, Astrid Przezdziecki, Jessica Alcorso, Christopher Jon Kilby, Elisabeth Elder, John Boyages, Louise Koelmeyer, Helen Mackie
Purpose Breast cancer treatment adverse effects result in one in three survivors experiencing body image-related distress (BID) that negatively impacts on a woman's ability to recover after cancer and into survivorship. My Changed Body (MyCB) is a Web-based psychological intervention to alleviate BID and improve body appreciation in survivors of breast cancer (BCSs) through a single-session, self-compassion focused writing activity. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of MyCB on BID and body appreciation in BCSs...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687754/barriers-to-empathy-based-care-oncology-nurses-perceptions
#13
Fariba Taleghani, Elaheh Ashouri, Mehrdad Memarzadeh, Mortaza Saburi
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore oncology nurses' barriers to empathy-based care perceptions. Design/methodology/approach The authors used a descriptive qualitative method. In total, 18 oncology nurses were selected via purposive sampling. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and qualitative content analysis using an inductive approach. Findings Three main categories emerged from the data analysis: barriers related to nursing including: lacking compassion; disinterest in oncology nursing and self-criticism; psychological distress; barriers related to healthcare: job strain; task-centeredness; no formal training; poor manager support; nurse-patient gender imbalance; and barriers related to cancer care including: difficulty maintaining empathy with cancer patients; and inappropriate cancer patient Practical implications Oncology nurses provided insights into barriers to empathy-based care and the challenges they encountered while caring for cancer patients...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685866/using-social-media-to-generate-and-collect-primary-data-the-showsworkplacecompassion-twitter-research-campaign
#14
Wendy Clyne, Sally Pezaro, Karen Deeny, Rosie Kneafsey
BACKGROUND: Compassion is a core value embedded in the concept of quality in healthcare. The need for compassion toward healthcare staff in the workplace, for their own health and well-being and also to enable staff to deliver compassionate care for patients, is increasingly understood. However, we do not currently know how healthcare staff understand and characterize compassion toward themselves as opposed to patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use social media for the generation and collection of primary data to gain understanding of the concept of workplace compassion...
April 23, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681185/cognitively-based-compassion-training-cbct-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-clinical-trial-study
#15
Edgar Gonzalez-Hernandez, Rocio Romero, Daniel Campos, Diana Burichka, Rebeca Diego-Pedro, Rosa Baños, Lobsang Tenzin Negi, Ausiàs Cebolla
CONTEXT: Breast cancer (BC) requires a significant psychological adaptation once treatment is finished. There is growing evidence of how compassion training enhances psychological and physical well-being, however, there are very few studies analyzing the efficacy of compassion-based Interventions on BC survivors. OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of the Cognitively-Based Compassion Training (CBCT) protocol in a BC survivor sample on quality of life, psychological well-being, fear of cancer recurrence, self-compassion, and compassion domains and mindfulness facets...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673093/mechanisms-of-change-in-the-relationship-between-self-compassion-emotion-regulation-and-mental-health-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Elisa Inwood, Madeleine Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that self-compassion may improve mental health by promoting emotion regulation (Berking & Whitley, ). This review aimed to identify studies which investigated the relationship between self-compassion, emotion regulation, and mental health in order to examine the role of emotional regulation as a mechanism of change. METHODS: Searches were conducted in PsycINFO, CINAHL, Medline complete, Web of Science and Scopus databases. Inclusion criteria required publications to be: peer reviewed, published in English, contain validated measures of self-compassion and emotion regulation, and report a direct analysis on the relationship between these constructs...
April 19, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672086/self-compassion-matters-the-relationships-between-perceived-social-support-self-compassion-and-subjective-well-being-among-lgb-individuals-in-turkey
#17
Ezgi Toplu-Demirtaş, Gülşah Kemer, Amber L Pope, Jeffry L Moe
Research on the well-being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people has predominately focused on Western (-ized) societies where individualism, and not collectivism, is emphasized. In the present study, we utilized a mediator model via Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to examine the relationships between self-compassion (i.e., self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness), perceived social support (i.e., family, friends, and significant others), and subjective well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) in a sample of LGB-identified individuals living in Turkey, a traditionally collectivistic culture (Hofstede, 2001)...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672084/do-self-compassion-and-self-coldness-distinctly-relate-to-distress-and-well-being-a-theoretical-model-of-self-relating
#18
Rachel E Brenner, David L Vogel, Daniel G Lannin, Kelsey E Engel, Andrew J Seidman, Patrick J Heath
The current research tested a theoretical model of self-relating that examined the unique relationships of self-compassion and self-coldness with distress and well-being. Self-coldness has recently been identified as theoretically distinct from self-compassion, rather than part of a unitary self-compassion construct. As such, the incremental value of self-compassion and self-coldness on clinically relevant outcomes is unclear. Therefore, the current research tested a theoretical model of the unique relationships of self-compassion and self-coldness and both distress and well-being among university students (N = 457) and community adults (N = 794), as well as interactions between these 2 constructs...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671134/communication-skills-training-and-the-conceptual-structure-of-empathy-among-medical-students
#19
Daisuke Son, Ikuo Shimizu, Hirono Ishikawa, Muneyoshi Aomatsu, Jimmie Leppink
INTRODUCTION: Medical and healthcare professionals' empathy for patients is crucially important for patient care. Some studies have suggested that a significant decline in empathy occurs during clinical training years in medical school as documented by self-assessed empathy scales. Moreover, a recent study provided qualitative evidence that communication skills training in an examination context, such as in an objective structured clinical examination, might stimulate perspective taking but inhibit the development of compassionate care...
April 18, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669617/does-a-modified-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-course-have-the-potential-to-reduce-stress-and-burnout-in-nhs-gps-feasibility-study
#20
Kate Hamilton-West, Tracy Pellatt-Higgins, Neil Pillai
AimTo explore, for the first time, whether a modified mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) course has the potential to reduce stress and burnout among National Health Service (NHS) General Practitioners. BACKGROUND: There is a crisis of low morale among NHS GPs, with most describing their workload as 'unmanageable'. MBCT has been demonstrated to improve stress and burnout in other populations, but has not yet been evaluated in a cohort of NHS GPs. METHODS: NHS GPs in South East England (n=22) attended a modified version of the MBCT course approved by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for prevention of depressive relapse...
April 19, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
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