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Self compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144981/barriers-to-self-compassion-for-female-survivors-of-childhood-maltreatment-the-roles-of-fear-of-self-compassion-and-psychological-inflexibility
#1
Derrecka M Boykin, Sara J Himmerich, Caitlin M Pinciotti, Lindsay M Miller, Lynsey R Miron, Holly K Orcutt
Preliminary evidence has demonstrated the benefits of targeting self-compassion in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, survivors of childhood maltreatment may present with unique challenges that compromise the effectiveness of these and other PTSD treatments. Specifically, childhood maltreatment victims often exhibit a marked fear and active resistance of self-kindness and warmth (i.e., fear of self-compassion). Victims may also attempt to control distressing internal experiences in a way that hinders engagement in value-based actions (i...
November 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131716/compassion-focused-therapy-as-an-intervention-for-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#2
Lisa McLean, Stanley R Steindl, Matthew Bambling
Child sexual abuse can have long-term negative impacts across psychological, physical, and interpersonal domains. Some of the common issues for survivors of sexual abuse include shame and self-blame, attachment-based difficulties, avoidant coping strategies, and reduced capacity for self-compassion. Compassion-focused therapy is a transdiagnostic intervention that specifically responds to these concerns. Compassion-focused therapy was originally developed for clients who experience high levels of shame and self-criticism and aims to strengthen the soothing and affiliative system through the cultivation of compassion...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120280/self-compassion-mediates-the-relationship-between-mindfulness-and-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms
#3
Hannah J Scheibner, Anna Daniels, Simon Guendelman, Franca Utz, Felix Bermpohl
Individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience difficulties with mindfulness. How mindfulness influences BPD symptoms, however, is still unknown. We hypothesized that the relationship between mindfulness and BPD symptoms would be mediated by self-compassion. In study 1, we recruited 29 individuals with BPD and 30 group-matched healthy controls. In study 2, we complemented our results with findings from a larger, nonclinical sample of 89 participants that were recruited during an open-house event at the local university...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119672/self-compassion-and-psychological-distress-in-parents-of-young-people-and-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#4
Suzanne Robinson, Richard P Hastings, Jonathan A Weiss, Jaffni Pagavathsing, Yona Lunsky
BACKGROUND: Parenting an individual with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) can be challenging, particularly during adulthood. It is important to better understand ways of supporting families as individuals with IDD age. Self-compassion is a potential internal coping resource for parents, and is strongly linked to positive mental health outcomes, though research has yet to examine it in parents of adults with IDD. METHOD: The current study examines the association between self-compassion and measures of well-being for 56 parents of adults with IDD...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109016/modifiable-predictors-of-insufficient-sleep-durations-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-youth-in-the-compass-study
#5
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
The purpose of the current study was to simultaneously examine commonly proposed risk and protective factors for sleep deprivation over time among a large cohort of Ontario and Alberta secondary school students. Using 4-year linked longitudinal data from youth in years 1 through 4 (Y1[2012/2013], Y2[2013/2014], Y3[2014/2015], Y4[2015/2016]) of the COMPASS study (n=26,205), the likelihood of students meeting contemporary sleep recommendations was tested based on their self-reported substance use, bullying victimization, physical activity, and homework and screen time...
November 9, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094812/validation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-compass-31-in-croatian-and-serbian-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Jelena Drulović, Anđela Gavrilović, Luka Crnošija, Darija Kisić-Tepavčević, Magdalena Krbot Skorić, Jovana Ivanović, Ivan Adamec, Irena Dujmović, Anamari Junaković, Gorica Marić, Vanja Martinović, Tatjana Pekmezović, Mario Habek
AIM: To validate and cross-culturally adapt Croatian and Serbian versions of composite autonomic symptom score-31 (COMPASS-31) for the detection of dysautonomia in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A total of 179 patients, 67 with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) and 112 with MS, completed the COMPASS-31 at two MS centers in Zagreb and Belgrade between April 1 and October 31, 2016. Demographic and clinical data including age, gender, MS phenotypes, and the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score were collected...
October 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094531/developing-and-maintaining-compassionate-care-in-nursing
#7
Amanda Henderson, Jenny Jones
Compassionate care is a fundamental aspect of nursing, and is an important value that is embedded in nurses' professional standards and codes of practice. However, nurses may experience several challenges in their practice that can impede their ability to provide compassionate care. This article aims to support and guide nurses in developing their capacity to be compassionate. It explores concepts related to compassion, including compassion satisfaction, fatigue, literacy and self-compassion, and outlines strategies that nurses can implement to promote compassionate care...
September 20, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089214/examining-the-roles-of-self-compassion-and-resilience-on-health-related-quality-of-life-for-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Mara Nery-Hurwit, Joonkoo Yun, Vicki Ebbeck
BACKGROUND: There are over 400,000 individuals living with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) in the U.S. These individuals experience unpredictable relapses of disabling conditions and poorer quality of life than the general population. Recent literature suggests self-compassion and resilience may improve wellness in this population. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of self-compassion and resilience on perceived health-related quality of life for individuals with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) using mediation analysis...
October 23, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082831/a-mindfulness-training-program-based-on-brief-practices-m-pbi-to-reduce-stress-in-the-workplace-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-study
#9
M Arredondo, M Sabaté, N Valveny, M Langa, R Dosantos, J Moreno, L Botella
Work stress is a major contributor to absenteeism and reduced work productivity. A randomised and controlled study in employee-volunteers (with Perceived Stress Scale [PSS-14]>22) was performed to assess a mindfulness program based on brief integrated mindfulness practices (M-PBI) with the aim of reducing stress in the workplace. The PSS-14 of the employees before and after 8-weeks M-PBI program, as well as after a 20-week follow-up, was assessed (primary endpoint). The employees also carried the following questionnaires (secondary endpoints): Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), Experiences Questionnaire-Decentering (EQ-D), and Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS)...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077873/burnout-in-nurses-working-with-youth-with-chronic-pain-a-pilot-intervention
#10
Nikita P Rodrigues, Lindsey L Cohen, Susanna Crowell McQuarrie, Bonney Reed-Knight
Objective: Nurse burnout is a significant issue, with repercussions for the nurse, patients, and health-care system. Our prior mixed-methods analyses helped inform a model of burnout in nurses working with youth with chronic pain. Our aims were to (a) detail the development of an intervention to decrease burnout; (b) evaluate the intervention's feasibility and acceptability; and (c) provide preliminary outcomes on the intervention. Method: In total, 33 nurses working on a pediatric inpatient care unit that admits patients with chronic pain conditions participated in the single-session 90-min groups (eight to nine nurses per group)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077480/social-emotional-aspects-of-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Heidemarie Lex, Sara Weisenbach, Jacob Sloane, Sana Syed, Eva Rasky, Wolfgang Freidl
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory auto-immune disease of the central nervous system. It leads to many impairments including physical, cognitive, psychological, and social challenges. Our study examined gender and cultural associations with quality of life (QoL), personal characteristics, and benefits from having MS among those with MS. The study was conducted in Austria and the United States. The sample included 128 participants, 64 in each country, of whom 78 were women and 50 were men aged between 20 and 57 years...
October 27, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075623/new-frontiers-in-heart-rate-variability-and-social-coherence-research-techniques-technologies-and-implications-for-improving-group-dynamics-and-outcomes
#12
Rollin McCraty
Concepts embraced by the term coherence have been identified as central to fields such as quantum physics, physiology, and social science. There are different types of coherence, although the term always implies a harmonious relationship, correlations and connections between the various parts of a system. A specific measure derived from heart rate variability (HRV) provides a measure of physiological coherence. Another type of coherence, social coherence, relates to the harmonious alignment between couples or pairs, family units, small groups, or larger organizations in which a network of relationships exists among individuals who share common interests and objectives...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072788/uncovering-the-structure-of-agreeableness-from-self-report-measures
#13
Michael L Crowe, University Of Georgia, Donald R Lynam, Purdue University, Joshua D Miller
OBJECTIVE: Although there are several models of the lower-order structure of Agreeableness, empirically derived descriptions of this domain are largely non-existent. We examined the factor structure of Agreeableness items from multiple scales in order to empirically determine the facet-level structure of the domain. METHOD: Participants (N = 1205; 73% female; 84% White; M age = 35.5, SD = 17.26) completed 131 items from 22 scales measuring Agreeableness. RESULTS: A series of factor analyses were conducted on 104 items to identify factor emergence of the domain, from a single factor to increasingly more specific factors...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064772/reducing-diabetes-distress-and-improving-self-management-with-mindfulness
#14
Robin R Whitebird, Mary Jo Kreitzer, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Chris J Enstad
Stress associated with diabetes makes managing diabetes harder. We investigated whether mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) could reduce diabetes distress and improve management. We recruited 38 participants to complete an MBSR program. Surveys and lab values were completed at baseline and post-intervention. Participants showed significant improvement in diabetes-related distress (Cohen's d -.71, p < .002), psychosocial self-efficacy (Cohen's d .80, p < .001), and glucose control (Cohen's d -...
October 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058331/a-relative-weights-comparison-of-trauma-related-shame-and-guilt-as-predictors-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-severity-among-us-veterans-and-military-members
#15
Katherine C Cunningham, Joanne L Davis, Sarah M Wilson, Patricia A Resick
OBJECTIVES: Veterans and military service members have increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and consequent problems with health, psychosocial functioning, and quality of life. In this population and others, shame and guilt have emerged as contributors to PTSD, but there is a considerable need for research that precisely demonstrates how shame and guilt are associated with PTSD. This study examined whether a) trauma-related shame predicts PTSD severity beyond the effects of trauma-related guilt and b) shame accounts for a greater proportion of variance in PTSD symptoms than guilt...
October 23, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056099/kindness-toward-one-s-self-and-body-exploring-mediational-pathways-between-early-memories-and-disordered-eating
#16
Cláudia Ferreira, Sara Oliveira, Ana Laura Mendes
Recent literature has emphasized the role played by early emotional experiences on body image and eating-related psychopathology. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying the link between positive rearing experiences and eating psychopathology remain scarcely explored. Thus, this study aimed to explore a model in which it was hypothesized that early emotional experiences, characterized by warmth, safeness, and soothing, are negatively associated with disordered eating through higher levels of self-compassion and a more positive and caring relationship with one's own body...
October 23, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053742/are-current-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-criteria-diagnosing-different-disease-phenotypes
#17
Laura Maclachlan, Stuart Watson, Peter Gallagher, Andreas Finkelmeyer, Leonard A Jason, Madison Sunnquist, Julia L Newton
IMPORTANCE: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by a constellation of symptoms diagnosed with a number of different polythetic criteria. Heterogeneity across these diagnostic criteria is likely to be confounding research into the as-yet-unknown pathophysiology underlying this stigmatised and debilitating condition and may diagnose a disease spectrum with significant implications for clinical management. No studies to date have objectively investigated this possibility using a validated measure of CFS symptoms-the DePaul Symptom Questionnaire (DSQ)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048476/burnout-in-nurses-working-with-youth-with-chronic-pain-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#18
Nikita P Rodrigues, Lindsey L Cohen, Kevin M Swartout, Karen Trotochaud, Eileen Murray
Nursing is a rewarding but also challenging profession. Nurses are at risk for burnout and premature exit from the profession, which is detrimental to them, their patients, and the healthcare system. There are few studies examining the unique correlates of burnout in nurses working with pediatric populations. The current 2-study project used mixed-methods (qualitative and then quantitative) analysis to explore burnout in nurses working in an inpatient unit with youth with chronic pain.  Study I participants included all of the 32 nurses who worked in an inpatient pediatric unit, which admits patients with chronic pain...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044607/compassion-focused-therapy-exploring-the-effectiveness-with-a-transdiagnostic-group-and-potential-processes-of-change
#19
Jennifer Cuppage, Katie Baird, Jennifer Gibson, Richard Booth, David Hevey
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a compassion focused therapy (CFT) group with a transdiagnostic population, as compared to treatment as usual (TAU). A secondary aim was to explore the potential processes of change within the treatment. DESIGN: A non-randomized control trial was used. METHOD: Fifty-eight participants who engaged in group CFT were compared to 29 participants receiving TAU. Group CFT consisted of 14 sessions twice weekly for 5 weeks and once weekly for 4 weeks...
October 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041784/descriptive-study-of-burnout-compassion-fatigue-and-compassion-satisfaction-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-at-a-tertiary-education-institution-in-kwazulu-natal
#20
Christina T Mathias, Dorien L Wentzel
BACKGROUND: Studies have investigated burnout and compassion fatigue among nurses and effects in the nursing profession. However, there are limited investigations of burnout and compassion fatigue among undergraduate nursing students in South Africa, as nursing students may experience distressful situations during their nursing education course, which may have an impact during their training and in their profession as they graduate. PURPOSE: The purpose of this descriptive study was to describe compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout among undergraduate nursing students at a tertiary nursing institution...
September 22, 2017: Curationis
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