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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333646/examining-predictors-of-breakfast-skipping-and-breakfast-program-use-among-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#1
Katelyn M Godin, Karen A Patte, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Many Canadian schools offer breakfast programs; however, students' engagement in these programs is low, while breakfast skipping is highly prevalent among youth. This study examined whether the availability of breakfast programs supports adolescents' regular breakfast eating, and identified characteristics of breakfast skippers who are not using these programs. METHODS: Data from 30,771 secondary school students from Ontario and Alberta, Canada, participating in Year 3 (2014-2015) of the COMPASS study were used for descriptive and logistic regression analyses...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328351/mindful-self-compassion-how-it-can-enhance-resilience
#2
EDITORIAL
Shattell Mona, Johnson Angela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294950/improving-emotional-and-cognitive-outcomes-for-domestic-violence-survivors-the-impact-of-shelter-stay-and-self-compassion-support-groups
#3
Ashley Batts Allen, Emily Robertson, Gail A Patin
This study examined the effectiveness of a domestic violence shelter and tested the impact of a self-compassion support group curriculum on outcomes valued by shelters such as autonomy, emotional restoration, and safety. Data were collected from 251 women staying in a domestic violence shelter who had the opportunity to attend a self-compassion support group during their stay. Women completed a pre- and posttest survey assessing self-compassion, empowerment, positive emotion, and perceptions of safety. First, women experienced a positive change ( N = 36) from pretest to posttest across all four outcome variables, suggesting the domestic violence shelter was effective at improving survivors' well-being...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290209/self-compassion-physical-fitness-and-climacteric-symptoms-in-oophorectomized-brca1-2-mutation-carriers
#4
Marieke Arts-de Jong, Liselore L van Westerop, Nicoline Hoogerbrugge, Leon F Massuger, Angela H Maas, Maria H van Beek, Joanne A de Hullu
OBJECTIVES: To reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, BRCA1/2 mutation carriers are advised to undergo salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) around the age of 40 years. This may induce severe climacteric symptoms, potentially lowering their quality of life. Personal positive resources such as physical fitness and self-compassion may help women to deal with these symptoms. We investigated the association of climacteric symptoms with self-compassion and physical fitness in oophorectomized BRCA1/2 mutation carriers...
February 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280249/-it-s-when-you-re-not-doing-too-much-you-feel-tired-a-qualitative-exploration-of-fatigue-in-end-stage-kidney-disease
#5
Federica Picariello, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, Joseph Chilcot
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is commonly experienced in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients. In order to develop patient-centred psychosocial interventions to help patients manage fatigue symptoms, a more in-depth understanding regarding the experience of fatigue is needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore renal patients' experiences of fatigue, across renal replacement therapy (RRT) modalities. METHODS: Twenty-five in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted...
December 27, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251782/the-association-between-self-compassion-and-treatment-outcomes-session-level-and-treatment-level-effects
#6
Lior Galili-Weinstock, Roei Chen, Dana Atzil-Slonim, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Tuvia Peri, Eshkol Rafaeli
OBJECTIVE: Self-compassion (SC) has been consistently linked to less psychopathology; however, the link between changes in client's SC levels and psychotherapy outcomes has yet to be explored. METHOD: Clients at a university-based community clinic completed SC and outcome measures session by session (N = 112) as well as pre- to posttreatment (N = 70). RESULTS: Increases in clients' SC levels across the entire therapeutic process were associated with improvement in all posttreatment outcomes...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251381/inhibitors-and-facilitators-of-compassion-focused-imagery-in-personality-disorder
#7
Iona Naismith, Amanda Mwale, Janet Feigenbaum
BACKGROUND: Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) has potential to benefit clients with a personality disorder (PD), given the inflated levels of shame and self-criticism in this population. However, clinical observation indicates that clients with PD may find techniques from this approach challenging. AIMS: The aim of this study is to trial one aspect of CFT, compassion-focused imagery (CFI), with this population, and identify factors that predict clients' ability to generate CFI and experience self-compassion during the task, including type of CFI exercise and, second, to establish whether CFI outcomes increase with practice...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241104/the-relationship-between-self-compassion-and-the-risk-for-substance-use-disorder
#8
Cynthia L Phelps, Samantha M Paniagua, Irmgard U Willcockson, Jennifer S Potter
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship between substance use disorder risk and self-compassion and posits a model for how the two are related through the mitigation of suffering. METHOD: Study participants were recruited using social media to complete an online survey that included a basic socio-demographic survey and two validated instruments, the Self-Compassion Survey and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST), which screens for substance use disorder (SUD) risk...
December 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228835/the-self-management-balancing-act-of-spousal-care-partners-in-the-case-of-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Sue Berger, Tiffany Chen, Jenna Eldridge, Cathi A Thomas, Barbara Habermann, Linda Tickle-Degnen
BACKGROUND: Living with and caring for someone with chronic illness can lead to limitations in activity and social participation for the care partner. Past research emphasizes the importance of care partners taking care of themselves physically and emotionally so they can stay healthy to support the care recipient. There is little information regarding how the care partner takes care of their own social lives. The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of social self-management from the perspective of spousal care partners of people with Parkinson's disease...
December 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219909/a-thematic-analysis-of-self-described-authentic-leadership-behaviors-among-experienced-nurse-executives
#10
Catherine Alexander, Ruth Palan Lopez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand the behaviors experienced nurse executives use to create healthy work environments (HWEs). The constructs of authentic leadership formed the conceptual framework for the study. BACKGROUND: The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses recommends authentic leadership as the preferred style of leadership for creating and sustaining HWEs. Behaviors associated with authentic leadership in nursing are not well understood...
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218966/building-compassion-literacy-enabling-care-in-primary-health-care-nursing
#11
Letitia Helen Burridge, Sarah Winch, Margaret Kay, Amanda Henderson
This paper introduces the concept of compassion literacy and discusses its place in nursing within the general practice setting. Compassion literacy is a valuable competency for sustaining the delivery of high quality care. Being compassion literate enables practice nurses to provide compassionate care to their patients and to recognise factors that may constrain this. A compassion literate practice nurse may be more protected from compassion fatigue and its negative consequences. Understanding how to enable self-compassion and how to support the delivery of compassionate care within the primary care team can enhance the care experienced by the patient while improving the positive engagement and satisfaction of the health professionals...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214405/spiritual-well-being-and-its-relationship-with-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-satisfaction-with-life-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students-a-correlation-study
#12
Monali D Mathad, S K Rajesh, Balaram Pradhan
The present study aimed to explore the correlates and predictors of spiritual well-being among nursing students. One hundred and forty-five BSc nursing students were recruited from three nursing colleges in Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Data were collected using SHALOM, FMI, SCS-SF and SWLS questionnaires and analysed by the Pearson correlation test and multiple regression analysis. The results of our study revealed a significant correlation between variables, and a considerable amount of variance was explained by self-compassion, mindfulness and satisfaction with life on personal, communal, environmental and transcendental domains of spiritual well-being...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209501/association-among-self-compassion-childhood-invalidation-and-borderline-personality-disorder-symptomatology-in-a-singaporean-sample
#13
Shian-Ling Keng, Yun Yi Wong
Background: Linehan's biosocial theory posits that parental invalidation during childhood plays a role in the development of borderline personality disorder symptoms later in life. However, little research has examined components of the biosocial model in an Asian context, and variables that may influence the relationship between childhood invalidation and borderline symptoms. Self-compassion is increasingly regarded as an adaptive way to regulate one's emotions and to relate to oneself, and may serve to moderate the association between invalidation and borderline symptoms...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202808/group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-with-compassion-training-for-depression-in-a-japanese-community-a-single-group-feasibility-study
#14
Kenichi Asano, Haruna Koike, Yuriko Shinohara, Hiromi Kamimori, Akiko Nakagawa, Masaomi Iyo, Eiji Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a representative mental problem, and more than 350 million people are suffering in the world. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in individual or group formats is mainly recommended in major guidelines. However, patients with high self-criticism have a poor response to CBT. To treat such patients, psychotherapies focusing on compassion are gaining attention. Although trials have begun to be reported, there are relatively few studies examining the effectiveness of group CBT with compassion work for managing depression...
December 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202653/empathic-concern-and-the-desire-to-help-as-separable-components-of-compassionate-responding
#15
Lauren M Ministero, Michael J Poulin, Anneke E K Buffone, Shane DeLury
When do people experience versus regulate responses to compassion-evoking stimuli? We hypothesized that compassionate responding is composed of two factors-empathic concern and the desire to help-and that these would be differentially affected by perspective taking and self-affirmation. Exploratory (Study 1) and confirmatory (Study 2) factor analyses indicated that a compassion measure consisted of two factors corresponding to empathic concern and the desire to help. In Study 1 ( N = 237), participants with high emotion regulation ability reported less empathic concern for multiple children than for one, but perspective taking prevented this effect...
December 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201246/differential-effects-of-attention-compassion-and-socio-cognitively-based-mental-practices-on-self-reports-of-mindfulness-and-compassion
#16
Lea K Hildebrandt, Cade McCall, Tania Singer
Research on the effects of mindfulness- and compassion-based interventions is flourishing along with self-report scales to assess facets of these broad concepts. However, debates remain as to which mental practices are most appropriate to develop the attentional, cognitive, and socio-affective facets of mindfulness and compassion. One crucial question is whether present-moment, attention-focused mindfulness practices are sufficient to induce a cascade of changes across the different proposed facets of mindfulness, including nonjudgmental acceptance, as well as compassion or whether explicit socio-affective training is required...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198366/the-effectiveness-of-self-compassion-and-self-esteem-writing-tasks-in-reducing-body-image-concerns
#17
Veya Seekis, Graham L Bradley, Amanda Duffy
This study investigated whether single-session self-compassion and self-esteem writing tasks ameliorate the body image concerns evoked by a negative body image induction. Ninety-six female university students aged 17-25 years (Mage=19.45, SD=1.84) were randomly assigned to one of three writing treatment groups: self-compassion, self-esteem, or control. After reading a negative body image scenario, participants completed scales measuring state body appreciation, body satisfaction, and appearance anxiety. They then undertook the assigned writing task, and completed the three measures again, both immediately post-treatment and at 2-week follow-up...
December 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186158/determinants-and-effects-of-medical-students-core-self-evaluation-tendencies-on-clinical-competence-and-workplace-well-being-in-clerkship
#18
Yung Kai Lin, Der-Yuan Chen, Blossom Yen-Ju Lin
Core self-evaluation (CSE) is a personality trait that involves a person's evaluation of his or her own worth, competence, and capability. The objective of this study was to determine whether medical students' CSEs exert beneficial effects on their adaptation to their clerkship in terms of their clinical competence and workplace well-being and whether their preclinical academic performance can be a trait-relevant situation that enhances their CSE expression. In total, 127 medical students from 2 cohorts were included as participants in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169248/quality-of-life-and-compassion-satisfaction-in-clinicians-a-pilot-intervention-study-for-reducing-compassion-fatigue
#19
Colleen J Klein, Jami J Riggenbach-Hays, Laura M Sollenberger, Diane M Harney, Jeremy S McGarvey
BACKGROUND: Compassion fatigue (CF) is prevalent in healthcare professionals, particularly in those caring for chronic, acutely ill, and/or those patients who might be moving toward comfort care. Over time, CF can lead to burnout (BO) and secondary traumatic stress and an overall decrease in professional quality of life. In this pilot study, participants completed a resiliency program focused on education about CF and self-awareness of its individualized impact and were expected to develop ongoing self-care practices to prevent/address the untoward effects...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168607/the-relationship-between-perceived-organisational-threat-and-compassion-for-others-implications-for-the-nhs
#20
Lauren Elizabeth Henshall, Tim Alexander, Philip Molyneux, Eric Gardiner, Ashleigh McLellan
The National Health Service (NHS) is known to be a challenging place to work, with financial and performance targets placing increasing pressure on the organisation. This study aimed to investigate whether these pressures and threats might be detrimental to the quality of care and the compassion that the NHS strives to deliver. Quantitative data were collected via self-report questionnaires from healthcare professionals across 3 NHS trusts in England in order to measure Self-compassion; Compassion for Others; Perceived Organisational Threat; and Perceived Organisational Compassion...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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