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Self compassion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639407/factorial-structure-and-construct-validity-of-an-italian-version-of-the-fears-of-compassion-scales-a%C3%A2-study-on-non-clinical-subjects
#1
Francesco Dentale, Nicola Petrocchi, Michele Vecchione, Claudia Biagioli, Accursio Gennaro, Cristiano Violani
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at investigating the factorial structure and the construct validity of the Italian translation of the Fears of Compassion (FC) Scales in a non-clinical sample (i.e., Fear of Compassion From Others [FCFO], Fear of Compassion Towards Others [FCTO] and Fear of Self-Compassion [FSC]). An exploratory factor analysis was conducted on all the items to investigate the dimensionality of the FC scales. To assess construct validity, correlations between the FC scales and a series of construct-related measures were analysed...
June 22, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629886/-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-program-to-reduce-stress-and-prevent-burnout-in-primary-care-health-professionals
#2
Gloria Aranda Auserón, M Rosario Elcuaz Viscarret, Carmen Fuertes Goñi, Victoria Güeto Rubio, Pablo Pascual Pascual, Enrique Sainz de Murieta García de Galdeano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a Mindfulness and Self-Compassion Program on the levels of stress and burnout in Primary Care health professionals. DESIGN: Randomised, controlled clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Training in Mindfulness was offered to 1,281 health professionals in Navarra (Spain) Primary Care, and 48 of them accepted. The participants were randomly assigned to groups: 25 to the intervention group, and the remaining 23 to the control group...
June 16, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629360/conceptualisation-of-job-related-wellbeing-stress-and-burnout-among-healthcare-workers-in-rural-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#3
Medhin Selamu, Graham Thornicroft, Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Wellbeing of healthcare workers is important for the effective functioning of health systems. The aim of this study was to explore the conceptualisations of wellbeing, stress and burnout among healthcare workers in primary healthcare settings in rural Ethiopia in order to inform the development of contextually appropriate interventions. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in a rural zone of southern Ethiopia. A total of 52 frontline primary healthcare workers participated in in-depth interviews (n = 18) or Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) (4 groups, total n = 34)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627907/the-role-of-empathy-in-experiencing-vicarious-anxiety
#4
Jocelyn Shu, Samuel Hassell, Jochen Weber, Kevin N Ochsner, Dean Mobbs
With depictions of others facing threats common in the media, the experience of vicarious anxiety may be prevalent in the general population. However, the phenomenon of vicarious anxiety-the experience of anxiety in response to observing others expressing anxiety-and the interpersonal mechanisms underlying it have not been fully investigated in prior research. In 4 studies, we investigate the role of empathy in experiencing vicarious anxiety, using film clips depicting target victims facing threats. In Studies 1 and 2, trait emotional empathy was associated with greater self-reported anxiety when observing target victims, and with perceiving greater anxiety to be experienced by the targets...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618054/ethics-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-aged-care
#5
Catherine Cook, Vanessa Schouten, Mark Henrickson, Sandra Mcdonald
AIM: To analyse the accounts of staff, family and residents in order to advance ethical insights into intimacy and sexuality in residential care. BACKGROUND: Discourses of ageing readily construct people in residential aged care as post-sexual, vulnerable and at risk of sexual exploitation and therefore expressions of intimacy and sexuality may be responded to as deviant and inherently risky. Staff may manage decision-making tacitly, without recourse to policies and education...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617735/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-using-a-progressive-muscle-relaxation-technique-on-the-self-efficacy-of-breastfeeding-in-mothers-with-preterm-infants
#6
Soheila Karbandi, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Seyedeh Asieh Hosseini, Farshad Sadeghi, Maryam Hesari, Reza Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is a God-given gift that conveys a mother's love and compassion and that is made according to the needs and age of the child. Mothers who are interested in the welfare of their newborns tend to breastfeed their children. Training programs have been shown to improve breastfeeding self-efficacy in terms of both duration and amount. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using the progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) technique on the self-efficacy of breastfeeding in mothers with preterm infants...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617025/confronting-the-new-epidemic-integrated-care-for-opioid-use-disorders
#7
Christine N Runyan, Amber L Hewitt, Stephen A Martin, Daniel Mullin
The inaugural Collaborative Family Health Care (CFHA) regional conference took place March 17, 2017, in St. Louis, Missouri. The conference theme was opioid use disorders and the potential of medication-assisted treatment using team-based care to address this epidemic. The conference ended with an emphasis on the importance of and strategies for self-care among caregivers working with this population and their families. This intensive meeting was crafted as a proof in concept for CFHA; however, the content was timely with regard to its importance in health care as well as compelling in the opportunity for collaborative care to offer an effective approach...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612453/compassionate-attention-and-regulation-of-eating-behaviour-a-pilot-study-of-a-brief-low-intensity-intervention-for-binge-eating
#8
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia, R James Stubbs
A low-intensity 4-week intervention that included components of compassion, mindfulness, and acceptance was delivered to women diagnosed with binge eating disorder. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: intervention (n = 11) or waiting list control (n = 9). Participants in the intervention condition were invited to practise mindfulness, soothing rhythm breathing, and compassionate imagery practices with a focus on awareness and acceptance of emotional states and triggers to binge eating and engagement in helpful actions...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610511/mindfulness
#9
Georgina O'Reilly-Foley
What was the nature of the CPD activity, practice-related feedback and/or event and/or experience in your practice? The article discussed how mindfulness and self-compassion can enhance compassionate care. At a time when the NHS is under increased pressure and media scrutiny, it was useful to read about strategies that support nurses to manage this pressure and maintain high standards of care.
June 14, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609650/brief-report-a-preliminary-comparison-of-self-compassion-between-adolescents-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury-thoughts-and-actions
#10
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Yaxuan Ren, Rui Sun, Shiyi Liao, Jianjun Zhu, Na Ma
Despite the public health significance of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents, little is known about the possible overlaps or differences between individuals with NSSI thoughts and those with NSSI actions. The present study compared between individuals with different NSSI status on self-compassion. With a sample of 606 Chinese adolescents (38.8% females; Mage = 13.58, SD = 1.04), we investigated differences on the six subscales of the Self-Compassion Scale (i.e., self-kindness/self-judgment, common humanity/isolation, and mindfulness/over-identification) across three groups: NSSI-action group (n = 86), NSSI-thought group (n = 98), and no-NSSI group (n = 422)...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609407/burnout-and-mindfulness-self-compassion-in-nurses-of-intensive-care-units-cross-sectional-study
#11
Pilar Gracia-Gracia, Bárbara Oliván-Blázquez
Nursing staff has been identified as one of the main risk groups for the development of burnout. The objective of this study is to analyze the ability of self-compassion mindfulness related to burnout in nurses of intensive care units. The results show that the level of burnout of nursing staff is inversely related to their level of self-compassion.
July 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604224/arts-based-palliative-care-training-education-and-staff-development-a-scoping-review
#12
Benjamin Mark Turton, Sion Williams, Christopher R Burton, Lynne Williams
BACKGROUND: The experience of art offers an emerging field in healthcare staff development, much of which is appropriate to the practice of palliative care. The workings of aesthetic learning interventions such as interactive theatre in relation to palliative and end-of-life care staff development programmes are widely uncharted. AIM: To investigate the use of aesthetic learning interventions used in palliative and end-of-life care staff development programmes. DESIGN: Scoping review...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598025/a-diary-study-of-self-compassion-upward-social-comparisons-and-body-image-related-outcomes
#13
Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Louisa Dodos, Nikos Chatzisarantis, Nikos Ntoumanis
BACKGROUND: Self-compassion may protect individuals experiencing poor body image and associated maladaptive outcomes. The purpose of the study was to examine within-person associations (whilst controlling for between-person differences) between appearance-related self-compassion, appearance-related threats (operationalised as upward appearance comparisons), and body image-related variables, namely, social physique anxiety, drive for thinness, and body dissatisfaction. METHODS: A diary methodology was used whereby young women (n = 126; Mage = 21...
June 9, 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590766/examining-burnout-depression-and-self-compassion-in-veterans-affairs-mental-health-staff
#14
David M Atkinson, John L Rodman, Paul D Thuras, Paulo R Shiroma, Kelvin O Lim
OBJECTIVES: Burnout, a state of emotional exhaustion associated with negative personal and occupational outcomes, is prevalent among healthcare providers. A better understanding of the psychological factors that may be associated with resilience to burnout is essential to develop effective interventions. Self-compassion, which includes kindness toward oneself, recognition of suffering as part of shared human experience, mindfulness, and nonjudgment toward inadequacies and failures, may be one such factor...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586713/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-perfectionism-including-an-investigation-of-outcome-predictors
#15
Alexander Rozental, Roz Shafran, Tracey Wade, Sarah Egan, Lise Bergman Nordgren, Per Carlbring, Andreas Landström, Stina Roos, Malin Skoglund, Elisabet Thelander, Linnéa Trosell, Alexander Örtenholm, Gerhard Andersson
Being highly attentive to details can be a positive feature. However, for some individuals, perfectionism can lead to distress and is associated with many psychiatric disorders. Cognitive behavior therapy has been shown to yield many benefits for those experiencing problems with perfectionism, but the access to evidence-based care is limited. The current study investigated the efficacy of guided Internet-based Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) and predictors of treatment outcome. In total, 156 individuals were included and randomized to an eight-week treatment or wait-list control...
May 26, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561670/the-road-of-mentorship
#16
Kelly J Cooke, Debra A Patt, Roshan S Prabhu
Mentorship can be the cornerstone of professional development and career satisfaction. There is literature to support that mentorship not only improves job satisfaction, but also improves productivity, facilitates personal growth, and can rekindle our passion while lessening the risk of compassion fatigue. Mentorship is a developmental relationship that changes as the relationship evolves. There are two broad categories of mentorship: traditional and transformational. There are four subtypes within each of those areas: formal, informal, spot, or peer...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558537/self-compassion-and-confucian-coping-as-a-predictor-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-impoverished-chinese-undergraduates
#17
Zhou Lihua, Chen Gui, Jiang Yanghua, Liu Liqiong, Chen Jian
The ability of self-compassion and Confucian coping to predict anxiety and depression were examined in impoverished Chinese undergraduate students. Three hundred and thirty impoverished undergraduates completed measures of self-compassion, Confucian coping, depression, and anxiety. Results showed that higher self-compassion predicted lower depression and anxiety in impoverished undergraduates. Higher pro-setback thinking and responsibility thinking of Confucian coping were related with lower depression and anxiety...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557482/assessing-hyperactivation-and-deactivation-strategies-of-the-caregiving-behavioral-system-psychometric-studies-of-the-portuguese-version-of-the-caregiving-system-scale
#18
Helena Moreira, Ana Fonseca, Phillip R Shaver, Mario Mikulincer, Maria Cristina Canavarro
According to attachment theory, the main goal of the caregiving behavioral system is to relieve others' distress and promote their health and welfare. This is accomplished through a set of caregiving behaviors that are the primary strategy of this system. However, some individuals develop nonoptimal or secondary strategies (hyperactivation or deactivation). The Caregiving System Scale (CSS) is a self-report measure that assesses these nonoptimal caregiving strategies. This study examined the factor structure of the Portuguese version of the CSS using a bifactor model and a 2-factor correlated model; it also examined validity evidence for CSS scores in relation to other relevant variables...
May 29, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548918/palliative-care-professionals-care-and-compassion-for-self-and-others-a-narrative-review
#19
Jason Mills, Timothy Wand, Jennifer A Fraser
INTRODUCTION: Compassion is arguably central to palliative care. However, calls for the restoring of compassionate care suggest a need for greater understanding and promotion of compassion in practice. Drawing upon the Foucauldian concept 'Care of the Self', this review explored the literature relating to palliative care professionals' self-care, self-compassion, and compassion for others. METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched using identified key words...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532725/empathy-and-feelings-of-guilt-experienced-by-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study-of-their-role-in-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue-symptoms
#20
Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
AIMS: The main goal of this study was to explore the relationships between empathy, empathy-based pathogenic guilt and professional quality of life (burnout and compassion fatigue). We aim to test a model in which we hypothesize that when empathic feelings are related to pathogenic guilt, burnout and compassion fatigue symptoms may be increased. BACKGROUND: Empathy is at the core of nursing practice, and has been associated with positive outcomes not only for the healthcare provider but also for the patient...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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