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Polyglactin 9/0

Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Natalia Alonso, Aina Ochagavía, Antonio Arroyo, Carolina Llavero
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a frequent complication in dirty surgery, reaching rates of up to 40%. The incidence of SSI might be influenced by the suture used for closure of the abdominal fascia. Sutures coated with antibacterial substances may reduce the bacterial load in the incision. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients with intra-operative diagnosis of fecal peritonitis undergoing a laparotomy in three Spanish hospitals was performed...
January 2018: Surgical Infections
Prabha Sonwani, Abadan Khan Amitava, Adeeb Alam Khan, Shalini Gupta, Shivani Grover, Namita Kumari
PURPOSE: Resections and plications tighten recti although the latter are less traumatic, potentially reversible, quicker, and vascularity preserving. To compare inflammation, scarring, and alignment in horizontal strabismus, operated uniocularly by either resections or plications (with recessions): recession and resection (R&R) or recession and plication (R&P) groups. This was a prospective, patient and assessor blind, randomized trial. METHODS: All consenting strabismus patients qualifying for the first-time uniocular horizontal rectus surgeries underwent detailed ocular examination and were randomized into standard R&R or R&P groups...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Bayo Aluko-Olokun, Ademola A Olaitan, Oluseun A Aluko-Olokun
BACKGROUND: This study analyzed the cosmetic and functional outcome of cases involving reconstruction of tooth-bearing portion of the lower jaw, using a polyglactin 910 suture for fixation. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This prospective intervention study documented the treatment outcome in 25 consecutive adult patients, who underwent immediate mandibular reconstruction following segmental resection of tooth-bearing portion of mandible. Cortico-cancellous bone graft was taken from the inner table of iliac bone, sparing the crest...
March 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Jessica L Reynolds, Joerg Zehetner, Nikolai Bildzukewicz, Namir Katkhouda, John C Lipham
Laparoscopic repair of large paraesophageal hernias has been challenging due to high recurrence rates with primary repair and complications associated with the use of nonabsorbable mesh to reinforce the hiatus. The aim of our study was to evaluate the recurrence rate over time and mesh-related complications using an absorbable polyglactin mesh secured with Bioglue to reinforce the hiatus after laparoscopic repair of large paraesophageal hernias. There were 190 patients who met inclusion criteria from June 2006 to June 2014...
October 2016: American Surgeon
Tsia-Shu Lo, Leng Boi Pue, Yiap Loong Tan, Cheng-Yu Long, Yi-Hao Lin, Pei-Ying Wu
OBJECTIVE: Voiding dysfunction following a midurethral sling procedure is still a relevant consequence that can affect patients' quality of life. Various invasive methods have been described to manage this problem. We hypothesize that we if we could diagnose the condition early using noninvasive tools, we would be able to offer appropriate effective management. We sought to study the effectiveness of attaching a tension-releasing suture on a single-incision sling (SIS) tape as a prophylactic measure for the treatment of immediate postoperative voiding dysfunctions, and secondarily, to evaluate the objective and subjective cure rates of the treatment for stress urinary incontinence...
August 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Katy L Townsend, William Lear, Bria L Robertson, Jamie J Kruzic
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the mechanical strength of wounds closed with a combination of buried dermal absorbable sutures and superficial nonabsorbable nylon sutures will be higher than wounds closed with only superficial nonabsorbable nylon sutures. METHODS: Four Yucatan pigs were anesthetized and each received four 4.5cm full thickness incisions on their dorsal surfaces, placed 8cm apart. Half of all incisions were randomly allocated and repaired with 3-0 polyglactin 910 (Vicryl(™)) buried dermal absorbable sutures and superficial 3-0 nylon sutures, using a simple interrupted pattern...
October 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
A V Golub, R S Kozlov, V G Pleshkov, A P Moskalev, R A Alibegov, M A Chelombitko
AIM: To assess an incidence rate of surgical site infections (SSI) after open appendectomy and effectiveness of combined preventive measures (CPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was performed at three surgical departments of Smolensk hospitals. A total of 150 consecutive patients (50 at each department) hospitalized since January 2012 were included into the retrospective observation (period I). In order to perform prospective evaluation of CPM, a total of 66 consecutive patients (randomized 1:1) hospitalized since December 2012 (period II) were followed up at each of the departments...
2016: Khirurgiia
Ahmed Awadein, Justin D Marsh, David L Guyton
PURPOSE: To investigate the value of nonabsorbable sutures in reducing the incidence of consecutive exotropia after large, "hang-back" medial rectus recessions. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent medial rectus recession of ≥6.5 mm in individuals ≤2 years of age, or ≥7.0 mm in those >2 years were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups based on suture material used: absorbable, polyglactin 910 sutures (44 patients); nonabsorbable, polyester sutures (50 patients)...
June 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Xytilis Avoine, Bertrand Lussier, Vladimir Brailovski, Karine Inaekyan, Guy Beauchamp
The influence of the type of material used, knot configuration, and use of an additional throw on the tensile force at failure, the elongation, and the mode of failure of different configurations of linear sutures and knotted suture loops was evaluated in this in-vitro mechanical study. We hypothesized that all types of knots would significantly influence the initial force and elongation of suture materials and would influence the force and elongation at which the knotted loops break, but not their mode of failure...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
Christopher G Salib, June C Smith, Nicholas Siow, Scott J Luhmann
BACKGROUND: Delayed wound dehiscence (DWD) typically occurs 2 to 7 weeks postoperatively and is characterized by wound gapping and drainage at a surgical site which has initial normal wound healing. This wound problem clinically mimics deep surgical site infection and, after eventual skin healing, leaves a cosmetically unattractive widened, atrophic surgical scar. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective analysis was completed of 252 knees, over a 13-year period, in 194 patients (average age, 14...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Marie-Andrée Harvey, Marianne Pierce, Jens-Erik W Alter, Queena Chou, Phaedra Diamond, Annette Epp, Roxana Geoffrion, Marie-Andrée Harvey, Annick Larochelle, Kenny Maslow, Grace Neustaedter, Dante Pascali, Marianne Pierce, Jane Schulz, David Wilkie, Abdul Sultan, Ranee Thakar
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to obstetrical anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) with respect to diagnosis, repair techniques and outcomes. To formulate recommendations as to patient counselling regarding route of delivery for subsequent pregnancy after OASIS. OPTIONS: Obstetrical care providers caring for women with OASIS have the option of repairing the anal sphincter using end-to-end or overlapping techniques. They may also be involved in counselling women with prior OASIS regarding the route of delivery for future pregnancies...
December 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Olivier Balland, Anne-Sophie Poinsard, Frank Famose, Frédéric Goulle, Pierre-François Isard, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of a porcine urinary bladder acellular matrix for surgical reconstruction of the cornea in cases of canine and feline deep corneal ulcers, and feline corneal sequestra. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven dogs and three cats with deep corneal ulcers and seven cats with corneal sequestra were included in the study with overall 38 eyes. For each patient, the necrotic material (ie corneal sequestrum or collagenolytic tissue) was removed by circular lamellar keratectomy...
November 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
G M Grimsby, M A Keays, C Villanueva, N C Bush, W T Snodgrass, P C Gargollo, M A Jacobs
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic hernia repair with percutaneous ligation of the patent processes vaginalis is a minimally invasive alternative to open inguinal herniorrhaphy in children. With the camera port concealed at the umbilicus, this technique offers an excellent cosmetic result. It is also faster than the traditional laparoscopic repair with no differences in complication rates or hospital stay. The goal of this study was to describe a series of consecutive patients, emphasizing the impact of suture materials (absorbable vs...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Leonardo Perez Faverani, Sabrina Ferreira, Gustavo Antonio Correa Momesso, Matheus da Silva Brasilino, Rafael Santiago de Almeida, Pedro Henrique Silva Gomes-Ferreira, Francisley Ávila Souza, Idelmo Rangel Garcia-Júnior
Craniofacial trauma can lead to several complications. The combined fractures of anterior and posterior walls of the frontal bone are almost always followed by lesions in nasofrontal orifices and disruption of nasofrontal ostia or ducts, a significant factor for the development of early and late complications after sinus fractures. This article reports a case of trauma patient, who underwent neurological evaluation and at first showed good general condition. Computed tomography noted fracture of the anterior and posterior walls of the frontal sinus and small foci of pneumocephalus in the cerebral cortex...
May 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Hajime Matsumine, Masaki Takeuchi
BACKGROUND: This study describes the use of a bioabsorbable suture for skin suturing during surgery for lateral ray polydactyly followed by favorable postoperative outcome without the need for postoperative suture removal. METHODS: A 5-0 Vicryl Rapide suture was used for skin suturing during surgery for lateral ray polydactyly in 9 children (mean age, 12.4 mo). Children were allowed to walk and bathe 2 weeks after surgery when over-the-suture taping therapy was started...
September 2013: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Eugene J Kongnyuy, Charles Shey Wiysonge
BACKGROUND: Benign smooth muscle tumours of the uterus, known as fibroids or myomas, are often symptomless. However, about one-third of women with fibroids will present with symptoms that are severe enough to warrant treatment. The standard treatment of symptomatic fibroids is hysterectomy (that is surgical removal of the uterus) for women who have completed childbearing, and myomectomy for women who desire future childbearing or simply want to preserve their uterus. Myomectomy, the surgical removal of myomas, can be associated with life-threatening bleeding...
August 15, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Charles M Myer, Christopher M Johnson, Gregory N Postma, Paul M Weinberger
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Suture closure and fibrin glue placement have been advocated as alternatives to healing by secondary intention. The aim of this study was to examine the tensile strength of these microflap closure techniques. STUDY DESIGN: Basic research. METHODS: Three pairs of excised bovine true vocal folds underwent microflap creation and closure by either single 6-0 polyglactin suture or fibrin glue. Vocal folds were distracted to failure on a universal testing system...
January 2015: Laryngoscope
Steven E Naleway, William Lear, Jamie J Kruzic, Cory B Maughan
Comprehensive studies comparing tensile properties of sutures are over 25 years old and do not include recent advances in suture materials. Accordingly, the objective of this article is to investigate the tensile properties of commonly used sutures in cutaneous surgery. Thirteen 3-0 sized modern sutures (four nonabsorbable and nine absorbable) were tensile tested in both straight and knotted configurations according to the procedures outlined by the United States Pharmacopeia. Glycomer 631 was found to have the highest failure load (56...
May 2015: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Cena Tejani, Adam B Sivitz, Micheal D Rosen, Albert K Nakanishi, Robert G Flood, Mathew A Clott, Paul G Saccone, Raemma P Luck
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to compare the cosmetic outcomes of traumatic trunk and extremity lacerations repaired using absorbable versus nonabsorbable sutures. The secondary objective was to compare complication rates between the two groups. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial comparing wounds repaired with Vicryl Rapide and Prolene sutures. Pediatric and adult patients with lacerations were enrolled in the study. At a 10-day follow-up, the wounds were evaluated for infection and dehiscence...
June 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Lingam Vijaya, Rathini L David
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of polyglactin use along with nylon suture in scleral tunnel closure after single-site phacotrabeculectomy. METHODS: This retrospective case series included 139 eyes of 139 patients who had scleral tunnel closure with 1 polyglactin and 1 nylon suture after single-site phacotrabeculectomy with a low dose of mitomycin C between 2002 and 2005. The intraocular pressure (IOP), the visual acuity, the number of glaucoma medications, postoperative complications, and interventions were the outcomes measured...
June 2015: Journal of Glaucoma
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